Since the advent of the printing press and the accurate reproduction of texts, most people have assumed that when they read the New Testament they are reading an exact copy of Jesus's words or Saint Paul's writings. And yet, for almost fifteen hundred years these manuscripts were hand copied by scribes who were deeply influenced by the cultural, theological, and political disputes of their day. Both mistakes and intentional changes abound in the surviving manuscripts, making the original words difficult to reconstruct. For the first time, Ehrman reveals where and why these changes were made and how scholars go about reconstructing the original words of the New Testament as closely as possible.
Ehrman makes the provocative case that many of our cherished biblical stories and widely held beliefs concerning the divinity of Jesus, the Trinity, and the divine origins of the Bible itself stem from both intentional and accidental alterations by scribes -- alterations that dramatically affected all subsequent versions of the Bible.
“How I wish someone had put a book like this into my hands 50 years ago.” - N.T. Wright, Research Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity, University of St. Andrews, Scotland
“I cannot recommend a study Bible any more than this one: Five stars!” - Scot McKnight, Julius R. Mantey Professor of New Testament, Northern Seminary
CONTEXT CHANGES EVERYTHING
You’ve heard many Bible stories hundreds of times, but how many behind-the-scenes details are you missing? Sometimes a little context is all you need to discover the rich meaning behind the stories of Scripture.
That’s what the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible provides. Every page is packed with expert insight into the customs, culture, and literature of Bible times. These fascinating explanations will serve to clarify your study of the Scriptures, reinforcing your confidence and bringing difficult passages of Scripture into sharp focus.
Discover new dimensions of insight to even the most familiar Bible passages as you take a behind-the-scenes tour into the ancient world.
The Bible was originally written to an ancient people removed from us by thousands of years and thousands of miles. The Scriptures include subtle culturally based nuances, undertones, and references to ancient events, literature and customs that were intuitively understood by those who first heard the Scriptures read. For us to hear the Scriptures as they did, we need a window into their world.
The NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, with notes from Dr. John H. Walton (Wheaton College) in the Old Testament and Dr. Craig S. Keener (Asbury Theological Seminary) in the New Testament, brings to life the ancient world of Scripture for modern readers.
Features:The full text of the NIVTargeted book introductions explain the context in which each book of the Bible was writtenInsightful and informative verse-by-verse study notes reveal new dimensions of insight to even the most familiar passagesKey Old Testament (Hebrew) and New Testament terms are explained and expanded upon in two helpful reference featuresOver 300 in-depth articles on key contextual topics375 full-color photos, illustrations, and images from around the worldDozens of charts, maps, and diagrams in vivid colorWords of Jesus in redAdditional study Bible tools: cross references, a concordance, indexes and other helps
Topics covered will include the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, notes on the Dead Sea region, the contents and dates of the Scrolls, who wrote and gathered them, first and second generation scholars of the Scrolls, and more.
Detailed biblical references, timelines, and suggestions for further reading accompany each period of biblical history, conveying a tangible sense of the land, events, and people portrayed in the world's most famous book. With more than 100 full-color maps, timelines, and expert explanations, this superlative reference work will enable readers to more fully appreciate and understand the Bible and its stories.
The HarperCollins Atlas of Bible History features:Over 100 full-color geographical and topographical mapsThe latest archaeological information, floor plans, city plans, illustrations, and artistic recreations of ancient lifeCharts, graphs, statistics, informative sidebars, and moreDetailed biblical referencesTimelines that place each section of the Bible in its historical contextWeb site recommendations for further interactive study
Rapture Ready...or Not is for this generation of readers who are confused and look upon a world that seems to have destroyed opportunity for a bright, abundant future. The Rapture is about to catastrophically strike an unsuspecting world of both unbelievers and believers. Jesus Christ is the Shelter from the coming Tribulation storm of God’s wrath and judgment.
(This book has not been prepared, endorsed, or licensed by any person or entity that created, published, or produced the Harry Potter books or related properties.)
Hays offers a brief introduction to comparative studies, then lays out examples from various literary genres that shed light on particular biblical texts. Texts about ANE law collections, treaties, theological histories, prophecies, ritual texts, oracles, prayers, hymns, laments, edicts, and instructions are compared to corresponding literature in the Pentateuch, Prophets, and Writings of the Hebrew Bible. The book includes summaries to help instructors and students identify key points for comparison. By considering the literary and historical context of other literature, students will come away with a better understanding of the historical, literary, and theological depth of the Hebrew Bible.
In the sixteenth century, to attempt to translate the Bible into a common tongue wasn't just difficult, it was dangerous. A Bible in English threatened the power of the monarch and the Church. Early translators like Tyndale, whose work greatly influenced the King James, were hunted down and executed, but the demand for English Bibles continued to grow. Indeed it was the popularity of the Geneva Bible, with its anti-royalist content, that eventually forced James I to sanction his own, pro-monarchy, translation. Errors in early editions--one declared that "thou shalt commit adultery"--and Puritan preferences for the Geneva Bible initially hampered acceptance of the King James, but it went on to become the definitive English-language Bible. McGrath's history of the King James Bible’s creation and influence is a worthy tribute to a great work and a joy to read.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Through vivid imagery, John writes Revelation to reveal the end of human history, the return of Christ, and the establishment of a new heaven and a new earth. Revelation message of hope assures Christians that God is in sovereign control of all past, present, and future events, and that Jesus Christ will judge the lost and rule in ultimate victory over all human and demonic opposition.
The Mac Arthur Study Guide Series provides a twelve week, verse-by-verse examination of the books of the New Testament. This revised and updated series continues to be one of the best-selling study guides currently available for individuals or small groups.
Features Include:Twelve week studyThought-provoking questionsVerse-by-verse commentarySpace provided for note-taking
Transported two thousand years into the past, readers are introduced to Antipas, a Roman civic leader who has encountered the writings of the biblical author Luke. Luke's history sparks Antipas's interest, and they begin corresponding. While the account is fictional, the author is a highly respected New Testament scholar who weaves reliable historical information into a fascinating story, offering a fresh, engaging, and creative way to learn about the New Testament world. The first edition has been widely used in the classroom (over 30,000 copies sold). This updated edition, now with improved readability and narrative flow, will bring the social and political world of Jesus and his first followers to life for many more students of the Bible.
There are also “wicked good” women like Deborah, Ruth, Hannah, Abigail, Esther, Mary, and more. What do their lives tell us about God’s invincible love and his determined plan to save us?
In Wicked Women of the Bible Ann Spangler tells the stories of twenty wicked and “wicked good” women in greater detail. At the end of each story, Ann provides a brief section including additional historical and cultural background as well as a brief Bible study in order to enhance the book’s appeal to both individuals and groups.
The stories of these women of the Bible reveal a God who is not above it all but who stoops down to meet us where we are in order to extend his love and mercy.
This Christian ebook helps to bring Apostle Paul's message to the Ephesians (6:10-18) to life. This bestselling ebook provides a historically accurate background of a Roman Centurion's armor then draws vital correlations to the spiritual armor God gives his children: the Belt of Truth, the Breastplate of Righteousness, Feet Prepared with the Gospel of Peace, The Shield of Faith, The Helmet of Salvation, and the Sword of the Spirit. Glossy, full-color ebook will help you to ""stand firm in the faith.""
Learn to put on the full armor of God when facing temptations and struggles. The key to this best-selling Christian ebook is the insights brought by Paul's knowledge of a Centurion's armor. Having a correct picture in mind is important to accurately teaching and understanding this portion of Scripture. While many other illustrations of The Armor of God show armor from the Middle Ages, or other time periods, the Rose illustration presents historically accurate Roman armor. In a side-by-side fold-out format, The Armor of God ebook describes each piece of armor, its historical background, and its application to our spiritual battles today.
The Apostle Paul knew how important it was for believers to understand the provision of spiritual armor that God made for them. Paul's teaching to the Church at Ephesus was born out of firsthand knowledge of Roman Centurions' armor. He saw them up close on many occasions.
The Armor of God ebook provides the following information:
•A detailed description of the armor of God
•Historical background on how the armor was put on and its purpose
•The application of the armor to our lives today, such as how the "Belt of Truth" prepares believers to be truthful
•Greek or Latin terms
•The passage of Ephesians 6:10-18 verse-by-verse alongside an illustration of a Roman Centurion in full armor
•Background information on Paul, his missionary journey, and life in Ephesus
•A chart that helps believers stand firm in spiritual warfare by contrasting the "Devil's Schemes" with God's plan and the armor or weapon to combat it, and a Scriptural reference. For example: One of the Devil's schemes is LIES. God's plan/armor is Truth. Proverbs 14:25 would be a good reminder of God's plan
Armor of God ebook makes an excellent supplemental resource for these bestselling Christian authors titles:
•Kay Arthur, Lord, is it Warfare? Teach Me to Stand: A Devotional Study on Spiritual Victory
•Beth Moore, Armed for War, enhanced CD
•Dr. Charles F. Stanley, When the Enemy Strikes: The keys to Winning Your Spiritual Battles.
Guiding us through a rich tapestry of new discoveries and ancient scriptures, The Jewish Gospels makes the powerful case that our conventional understandings of Jesus and of the origins of Christianity are wrong. In Boyarin’s scrupulously illustrated account, the coming of the Messiah was fully imagined in the ancient Jewish texts. Jesus, moreover, was embraced by many Jews as this person, and his core teachings were not at all a break from Jewish beliefs and teachings. Jesus and his followers, Boyarin shows, were simply Jewish. What came to be known as Christianity came much later, as religious and political leaders sought to impose a new religious orthodoxy that was not present at the time of Jesus’s life.
In the vein of Elaine Pagels’s The Gnostic Gospels, here is a brilliant new work that will break open some of our culture’s most cherished assumptions.
To assemble this amazing collection, Clyde Fant and Mitchell Reddish themselves traveled to each of these museums throughout the world. Their photographs, descriptions, and histories of the various artifacts enable readers to appreciate these significant objects to an extent not usually enjoyed by even the most experienced museum visitors.
For travelers visiting such famous museums as the Louvre in Paris, the British Museum, or the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, this volume will be an indispensable companion. Each artifact is located not only as to its museum site but also by its specific identification number, which is particularly valuable for smaller and lesser-known objects -- true "lost treasures."
Fant and Reddish's Lost Treasures of the Bible will serve as an informative, accessible guide to globe-trotters and armchair travelers alike.
Going beyond mere description, Martin argues for a new emphasis on interpreting Scripture within the context of church history and theology. Such a reading would be more theological, more integrated into the whole theological curriculum, and more theoretical (as it would focus on what's at stake in interpretation); however, Martin surprisingly argues, it would be more practical at the same time.
Sure, there are plenty of scholarly volumes on the Dead Sea Scrolls, full of indexes, footnotes, and jargon for those in the know. But what if you're not a specialist? What if you just want a basic understanding of what the Dead Sea Scrolls are, where they came from, and why they're so important? That's where this little book comes in.
David Noel Freedman and Pam Fox Kuhlken here offer an informed, inside look at these significant ancient texts. Full of humor and behind-the-scenes glimpses into research on the Scrolls, What Are the Dead Sea Scrolls and Why Do They Matter? is a fascinating, accessible guidebook -- perfect for any reader seeking a brief, quality introduction to this inscrutable subject.
Answers a gamut of questions from the general to the paranoid to the somewhat cynical -- for example: What are the Dead Sea Scrolls all about? Who wrote them, why, and in what languages? Have the Scrolls changed our understanding of any passages in the Bible? Who's hiding stolen fragments? Do the Scrolls tell us when the world will end? How has technology improved our ability to study the Scrolls? How much would a Scroll fragment sell for on eBay today?
Questions for discussion and reflection are available at www.wjkbooks.com, making this book ideal for group or individual study.
God included their stories in the Scriptures for a reason, and though we might consider them Bible nobodies, they truly were somebodies. We discover that God used people from all walks of life, not just the familiar superstars. The moments of destiny in the lives of these ordinary people will rekindle a spark of hope for that same destiny for our lives today.
Fifty engaging biblical characters are set forth in ReaderÕs Digest-length readings, and each chapter is filled with insight, inspiration, and practical application. Compiled and significantly adapted or rewritten for todayÕs reader from the classic writings of numerous legendary Christian expositors, such as Charles Spurgeon and others, these readings provide timeless truth that is as relevant today as the day they were penned.
To understand Jesus' life and ministry, we need to understand the history and culture of his world. Marty, author of the popular The Whole Bible Story, provides readers with a thoroughly readable, easy-to-understand history of Israel leading up to the time of Christ. Each chapter ties closely to the events of the New Testament as Marty carefully answers such questions as
•Who were the Pharisees and why was Jesus upset with them?
•Why didn't anyone like the Samaritans?
•When and why did the Jews start worshiping in "synagogues" rather than the Temple?
The book will include call-out boxes, summaries, and other tools to make this the most accessible book available on the topic.
In Chosen?, Walter Brueggemann explores the situation in modern-day Israel that raises questions for many Christians who are easily confused when reading biblical accounts of God's saving actions with the Israelites. Are modern Israeli citizens the descendants of the Israelites in the Bible whom God called chosen? Was the promise of land to Moses permanent and irrevocable? What about others living in the promised land? How should we read the Bible in light of the modern situation? Who are the Zionists, and what do they say?
In four chapters, Brueggemann addresses the main questions people have with regards to what the Bible has to say about this ongoing issue. A question-and-answer section with Walter Brueggemann, a glossary of terms, study guide, and guidelines for respectful dialogue are also included. The reader will get answers to their key questions about how to understand God's promises to the biblical people often called Israel and the conflict between Israel and Palestine today.
Focusing on 63 rabbinic traditions central to ancient Jewish life, David Instone-Brewer's massive study provides significant insights into Jewish thought and practice prior to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 C.E. For each rabbinic tradition considered, the supporting Hebrew source text is provided side by side with an English translation. Instone-Brewer also presents evidence that exists for accurately dating these rabbinic sources ù a critical task recently advanced by modern dating techniques. He goes on to discuss thoroughly the meaning and importance of each rabbinic tradition for Second Temple Judaism, also analyzing any echoes or direct appearances of the tradition in the New Testament writings.
In this second TRENT volume, on Feasts and Sabbaths, Instone-Brewer deals with the observance of the Sabbath, the Passover, and the Day of Atonement. He examines texts on lighting the Sabbath lamp, healing and preserving life on the Sabbath, seeking out and disposing of leaven before Passover, preparing and celebrating the Passover meal, taking incense into the Holy of Holies and sprinkling blood on the altar during the Day of Atonement, and much more.
Features of TRENT:
Discusses 63 traditions that illuminate ancient Jewish life
Follows the traditional order of subject divisions in the Mishnah
Presents Hebrew/Aramaic texts in parallel with a literal English translation and notes on variants
Provides dating evidence along with degree of certainty
Offers commentary on the meaning and significance of rabbinic traditions in Second Temple Judaism
Highlights the presence of rabbinic traditions in the New Testament writings
Includes a full glossary of rabbinic terminology
Beginning not with early Israelite worship, but with creation itself, this work uncovers the glories and beauty of true worship as it is progressively revealed from its beginning in the Garden to its climax in the new heavens and new earth. Throughout the book, the focus is on the integral issue of who we worship . . . and why. Ross then applies these discoveries to the contemporary Christian practice and debate.
Recalling the Hope of Glory stands to become a definitive resource for the pastor, worship leader, and those training for the ministry. Regardless of their denomination, readers will appreciate the author's high view of Scripture and just how much it can and should inform Christian worship.
Discover the Manners and Customs of the Ancients for a More Complete and Necessary Background on the Drinking Issue
Over 240 Pages and 150 cultural notes
Every Major Scripture Passage in the Drinking Controversy is Scrutinized Study Questions at the End of Every Chapter
Endorsed by Christian Leaders, Professionals and Universities
Special Chapters for those Addicted to Alcohol
What would it be like to journey back to the first century and sit at the feet of Rabbi Jesus as one of his Jewish disciples? How would your understanding of the gospel have been shaped by the customs, beliefs, and traditions of the Jewish culture in which you lived?
Sitting at the Feet of Rabbi Jesus takes you on a fascinating tour of the Jewish world of Jesus, offering inspirational insights that can transform your faith. Ann Spangler and Lois Tverberg paint powerful scenes from Jesus’ ministry, immersing you in the prayers, feasts, history, culture, and customs that shaped Jesus and those who followed him. You will hear the parables as they must have sounded to first-century Jews, powerful and surprising. You will join the conversations that were already going on among the rabbis of his day. You will watch with new understanding as the events of his life unfold. And you will emerge with new excitement about the roots of your own Christian faith.
Sitting at the Feet of Rabbi Jesus will change the way you read Scripture and deepen your understanding of the life of Jesus. It will also help you to adapt the rich prayers and customs you learn about to your own life, in ways that both respect and enrich your Christian faith. By looking at the Jewishness of Jesus, Ann Spangler and Lois Tverberg take you on a captivating journey into the heart of Judaism, one that is both balanced and insightful, helping you to better understand and appreciate your own faith.
This newly expanded softcover edition includes a discussion guide for both individuals and groups, and instructions for a simple home Passover Seder celebration.
The Liturgy Documents, Volume
Four includes supplemental liturgical document which are necessary for the
smooth execution of parish devotions and provide grounding for ongoing
liturgical formation and catechesis. This volume includes Vatican documents from Pope
John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI as well as documents from the United States
Conference of Catholic Bishops.
Opening with a 60-Second Super-Easy Bible Quiz to test your knowledge, author T.J. Wray then provides essential background information to arm readers with tools necessary to read and interpret passages on their own. And, with these tools in hand, Wray helps readers explore what the Bible really says about key issues today, including:
SufferingHeaven and hellGender and sexualityThe environment
What the Bible Really Tells Us is an indispensable guide for individuals and groups interested in gaining a fuller understanding of the Bible and the timeless lessons it imparts.
Hurtado examines the early cultic devotion to Jesus through a range of Jewish sources. Hurtado outlines an early 'high' Christological theology, showing how the Christ of faith emerges from monotheistic Judaism. The book has already found a home on the shelves of many in its two previous editions. In this new Cornerstones edition Hurtado provides a substantial epilogue of some twenty-thousand words, which brings this ground-breaking work to the fore once more, in a format accessible to scholars and students alike.
In a series of bold, unsparing polemics, A.C. Grayling tackles these questions head on, exposing the dangerous unreason he sees at the heart of religious faith and highlighting the urgent need we have to reject it in all its forms, without compromise. In its place he argues for a set of values based on reason, reflection and sympathy, taking his cue from the great ethical tradition of western philosophy.
With the discovery of the Codex Tischendorf, and others, was to take the study of biblical texts further than ever before, through linguistic methods, and attention to the most ancient sources available. In many ways Tischendorf was a father figure of the modern Historical Critical Method.
In this short biography, Stanley E. Porter, himself one of the most respected scholars of the New Testament and Koine Greek currently writing, gives a portrait of Tischendorf's life and work, together with an annotated republication of Tischendorf's influential work on the Gospels.
Published to celebrate Tischendorf's bicentenary, in 2015, this volume will be a must for those seeking to understand how the study of biblical manuscripts began, and to understand the man who discovered the oldest version of the bible as we know it.
How does the Holy Spirit work in the lives of Christians? The answers are found in this bestselling ebook, The Fruit of the Spirit. Based on Galatians 5: 22 & 23, this informative ebook helps Christians understand nine fruit of the Spirit: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. These traits can only be developed with the help of the Holy Spirit. The Fruit of the Spirit is an excellent tool for teaching, for devotions, or for reference.
Scripture in both the Old and New Testaments refers to bearing fruit. For believers today, the fruit of the Spirit represents the outward or visible growth believers experience in Christ through the Holy Spirit. That's why this teaching is so important. The Fruit of the Spirit ebook is an excellent tool for teaching students of all ages how the Spirit works in and through believers to achieve true change in behaviors and actions. It also makes an outstanding devotional or reference guide.
"But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law." Galatians 5:22, 23
The Fruit of the Spirit is an excellent study for believers at any level of spiritual growth or maturity. Believers will spend a lifetime seeking the manifestation of the fruits in their lives. The Fruit of the Spirit ebook provides insight to how the fruit of the Spirit was evident in the life of Jesus as well as what the fruit truly looks like in the lives of believers. Here is an example - One of the fruits of the Spirit is love. The Fruit of the Spirit defines love as: Love is not based on emotions or feelings. It is a decision to be committed to the well being of others without any conditions or circumstances.
The Fruit of the Spirit reveals:
•A definition for each fruit of the Spirit
•How each fruit was exemplified in Jesus' life
•Scripture references that show the fruit manifested in someone's life
•The Greek Word for each of the fruits of the Spirit, including these two
•The Greek word for love is agape
•The Greek word for joy is chara
The Fruit of the Spirit ebook offers four powerful verses that define Good Fruit as well as a list of Bad Fruit that includes greed, anger, drunkenness, and evil desires, among others.
The Fruit of the Spirit ebook makes a great supplemental resource for these bestselling authors' titles:
•Beth Moore, Living Beyond Yourself: Exploring the Fruit Of The Spirit
•Bill Hybels, Fruit of the Spirit
•Stuart Briscoe, The Fruit of the Spirit: Cultivating Christlike Character.
Topical index: agathosune, agape, anger, bearing fruit, chara, chrestotes, debauchery, deceit, drunkenness, egkratea, eirene, envy, evil desires, factions, faith, fatithfulness, filthy language, fits of rage, fruit, gentleness, goodness, greed, hatred, idolatry, impurity, kindness, love, lust, jealousy, joy, orgies, makrothumia, malice, patience, peace, pistis, prautes, self-control, selfish ambition, sexual immorality, slander, spiritual fruit, witchcraft, nine fruits of the spirit.
In The Bible's Cutting Room Floor, acclaimed author and translator Dr. Joel M. Hoffman gives us the stories and other texts that didn't make it into the Bible even though they offer penetrating insight into the Bible and its teachings.
The Book of Genesis tells us about Adam and Eve's time in the Garden of Eden, but not their saga after they get kicked out or the lessons they have for us about good and evil. The Bible introduces us to Abraham, but it doesn't include the troubling story of his early life, which explains how he came to reject idolatry to become the father of monotheism. And while there are only 150 Psalms in today's Bible, there used to be many more.
Dr. Hoffman deftly brings these and other ancient scriptural texts to life, exploring how they offer new answers to some of the most fundamental and universal questions people ask about their lives. An impressive blend of history, linguistics, and religious scholarship, The Bible's Cutting Room Floor reveals what's missing from your Bible, who left it out, and why it is so important.
Questions for discussion and reflection are available at www.wjkbooks.com, making this book ideal for group or individual study.
In this stunning, powerful, and ultimately persuasive book, Rodney Stark, one of the most highly regarded sociologists of religion and bestselling author of The Rise of Christianity (HarperSanFrancisco 1997) argues that some of our most firmly held ideas about history, ideas that paint the Catholic Church in the least positive light are, in fact, fiction. Why have we held these wrongheaded ideas so strongly and for so long? And if our beliefs are wrong, what, in fact, is the truth?
In each chapter, Stark takes on a well-established anti-Catholic myth, gives a fascinating history of how each myth became the conventional wisdom, and presents a startling picture of the real truth. For example, Instead of the Spanish Inquisition being an anomaly of torture and murder of innocent people persecuted for “imaginary” crimes such as witchcraft and blasphemy, Stark argues that not only did the Spanish Inquisition spill very little blood, but it was a major force in support of moderation and justice. Instead of Pope Pius XII being apathetic or even helpful to the Nazi movement, such as to merit the title, “Hitler’s Pope,” Stark shows that the campaign to link Pope Pius XII to Hitler was initiated by the Soviet Union, presumably in hopes of neutralizing the Vatican in post-World War II affairs. Pope Pius XII was widely praised for his vigorous and devoted efforts to saving Jewish lives during the war. Instead of the Dark Ages being understood as a millennium of ignorance and backwardness inspired by the Catholic Church’s power, Stark argues that the whole notion of the “Dark Ages” was an act of pride perpetuated by anti-religious intellectuals who were determined to claim that theirs was the era of “Enlightenment.” In the end, readers will not only have a more accurate history of the Catholic Church, they will come to understand why it became unfairly maligned for so long. Bearing False Witness is a compelling and sobering account of how egotism and ideology often work together to give us a false truth.