Updates reflect current changes to the fourth edition of ECGs Made Easy.UPDATED content and illustrations reflect changes to ECGs Made Easy, 5th Edition.
Provides a full understanding of the ECG in the diagnosis and management of abnormal cardiac rhythms.
Emphasises the role of the full 12 lead ECG with realistic reproduction of recordings.
The unique page size allows presentation of all 12-lead ECGs across a single page for clarity.Restructured into two clear sections, the first ‘The Basics’ explains the ECG in the simplest possible terms.
The new second section, ‘Making the most of the ECG’, has separate chapters on the ECG patterns that might be seen in healthy subjects and in patients presenting with chest pain, breathlessness, palpitations or syncope.
The easily referenced outline format allows health practitioners of all levels to understand and apply basic concepts to patient care--perfect for cardiothoracic and general surgery residents, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, cardiologists, medical students, and critical care nurses involved in the care of both routine and complex cardiac surgery patients.
This comprehensive guide features:Detailed presentation addressing all aspects of perioperative care for adult cardiac surgery patients Outline format allowing quick access to information Chronological approach to patient care starting with diagnostic tests then covering preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care issues Additional chapters discuss bleeding, the respiratory, cardiac, and renal subsystems as well as aspects of care specific to recovery on the postoperative floor Updated references, information on new drug indications and new evidence to support various treatment/management options.
Practical and accessible, this new edition of Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery is the essential reference guide to cardiac surgical patient care.
In this groundbreaking book, Dr. Kilmer S. McCully explains what is really behind the epidemic of heart disease. For many years, clogged arteries have been inaccurately viewed as the cause, rather than a symptom, of heart disease. Now, McCully shows you how to cut your risk of heart disease by controlling the real culprit, homocysteine. Considered one of the most significant medical breakthroughs in recent years, McCully's findings have been validated by numerous large-scale studies. The Heart Revolution:
Challenges the long-held assumption that lowering cholesterol is the key to preventing heart disease
Explains how eating vitamin B-rich food can control homocysteine levels
Lays out a plan with menus for putting more B vitamins in our diet
Discusses how food processing and additives compromise our health
Explains how costly cholesterol-lowering medicines can actually harm our health
Eat Your Way to a Healthy Heart
Pork Chops with Potatoes and Onions, Veal with Wine and Mushrooms, Guacamole, Omelettes. This is not your typical diet program. Dr. McCully offers real food choices with fresh ingredients available just about everywhere. The focus is on delicious foods that will leave you satisfied. The purpose is to make sure you're getting enough of the vitamins needed to prevent heart disease—B6, B12, and folic acid, as well as essential, phytochemicals, fat-soluble vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and essential oils. It's easy to follow this plan as it relies on foods you want to eat with little preparation time and tons of variety.
A companion Website will include the fully searchable text, an image bank, an interactive question bank, and an EKG image with explanation test bank.
You know that the heart loves and feels, but did you know that the heart also thinks, remembers, communicates with other hearts, helps regulate immunity, and contains stored information that continually pulses through your body? In The Heart's Code, Dr. Paul Pearsall explains the theory and science behind energy cardiology, the emerging field that is uncovering one of the most significant medical, social, and spiritual discoveries of our time: The heart is more than just a pump; it conducts the cellular symphony that is the very essence of our being.
Full of amazing anecdotes and data, The Heart's Code presents the latest research on cellular memory and the power of the heart's energy and explores what these breakthroughs mean about how we should live our lives. By unlocking the heart's code we can discover new ways of understanding human healing and consciousness and create a new model for living that leads to better health, happiness, and self-knowledge.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
In this text, the user will learn the basic anatomy of an EKG waveform as it relates to the cardiac rhythm cycle. It provides step-by-step instruction from the initial to the final wave with simple, easy to read and understand rhythm strip examples.
Included are charts, tables, templates and other references to assist the user in the quick and accurate interpretation of EKG's.
Heart disease kills more people than any other medical condition,
and no one is more aware of this than renowned cardiologist Dr. Chauncey
Crandall. In addition to having performed over 40,000 heart procedures during
his career, Dr. Crandall has experienced this deadly disease on the most
personal level — as a patient.
At the age of 48, and with no major risk factors, he found himself
in the ER with a blockage of his main coronary artery. After emergency
intervention, he recovered from heart disease using the same course of
treatment he recommends to his thousands of patients, making him living proof
of his program’s success.
In his new book, The Simple
Heart Cure: The 90-Day Program to Stop and Reverse Heart Disease, you’ll
find this top doc’s groundbreaking, three-pronged approach to prevent and
reverse heart disease — an approach honed by his study of cultures free of
heart disease, and his decades of experience helping thousands of patients
achieve a healthier heart at any age.
So if you’re recovering from a heart attack or concerned with
preventive maintenance, you’ll find the help you need in The Simple Heart Cure, including
great, heart-healthy menus, and a 90-day, week-by-week plan to help you start
taking action immediately.
are just a few of the potentially life-saving gems you’ll discover in The
Simple Heart Cure: The 90-Day Program to Stop and Reverse Heart Disease:
How to slash your risk of a deadly heart
attack by 61%... Proven ways to banish your “bad” cholesterol… 8 easy steps to head off high blood pressure… How you can safeguard against lethal stroke…
Simple strategies to unclog your arteries — without
surgery… What your belly says about your heart health… Must-have heart tests for every person over
50… Easy solutions to steer clear of statin drugs… Special advice for women, diabetics, the
very stressed, and much more…
“By following the advice in Dr.
Chauncey Crandall’s new book The Simple Heart Cure, you can
surmount the biggest challenge of all and win your battle against heart
— Scott Carpenter, Astronaut, NASA’s Mercury
When it comes to your heart health, The Simple Heart Cure
could be the most important book you’ll ever read!
Chapter objectives preview the main points in each chapter.
Stop and Review sections at the end of the chapters help you remember the most important information.
ACLS Pearls boxes offer key points and useful tips for clinical practice.
Keeping it Simple boxes provide essential information in a clear and concise manner.
Ten case studies present real-life clinical situations, allowing you to make decisions based on information in the Preparatory section.
Consistent format of case studies includes Objective, Skills to Master, Rhythms to Master, Medications to Master, Related Text Chapters, Essential Actions, and Unacceptable Actions.
A heart rate ruler is included to help you interpret ECGs.
4 x 6 pocket-size quick-reference card contains key ACLS algorithms for field use.100 new and updated photos and illustrations show key ACLS procedures and equipment. Pharmacological interventions are integrated into the chapters for a more cohesive learning experience. New streamlined approach reduces the number of pages and simplifies the information you need to know.
Experience with clinical cases is key to mastering the art and science of medicine and ultimately to providing patients with competent clinical care. Case Files: Cardiology provides 30 real-life cases that illustrate essential concepts in cardiac care. Each case includes an easy-to-understand discussion correlated to key concepts, definitions of key terms, clinical pearls, and board-style review questions to reinforce your learning. With Case Files, you'll learn instead of memorize.Learn from 30 high-yield cases, each with board-style questions Master key concepts with clinical pearls Sharpen your clinical problem-solving and patient care skills
Review a full range of ECG images - from simple to complex - reflecting both common and rare conditions.
Get the most from your board or certification prep by pairing this review with its parent text, Cardiac Electrophysiology: From Cell to Bedside, for detailed explanations and an enhanced learning experience.
Unique Flip and See section at the end of the book allows you to see each rhythm side-by-side with a normal ECG rhythm, while a written walkthrough explains the important differences between the rhythms.
Excuse Me! features highlight frequently asked student questions with easy-to-understand answers. Conversational language and clear illustrations and cartoons make the information easy to remember and fun to learn.New and updated information across the entire book includes coverage of new pacemaker strips and now includes 12-lead interpretation and 12-lead axis identification.
New cartoons have been added to make key points memorable and entertaining.
Updated algorithms reflect the new 2010 ECC Guidelines.
Completely redesigned Cohn's Pocket Guide for ECG Interpretation, a plastic heart rate ruler, aids both students and practitioners in rhythm interpretation. Expanded appendix provides illustrations of ECG complexes as they relate to heart damage.
The easily referenced outline format allows health practitioners of all levels to understand and apply basic concepts to patient care—perfect for cardiothoracic and general surgery residents, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, cardiologists, medical students, and critical care nurses involved in the care of both routine and complex cardiac surgery patients.
This comprehensive guide features:
Detailed presentation addressing all aspects of perioperative care for adult cardiac surgery patients
Outline format allowing quick access to information
Chronological approach to patient care starting with diagnostic tests then covering preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care issues
Additional chapters discussing bleeding, the respiratory, cardiac, and renal subsystems in depth, and aspects of care specific to recovery on the postoperative floor
Completely updated references
Extensive illustrations, including NEW figures depicting operative techniques
14 helpful appendices covering order and flow sheets, protocols, commonly used drug dosages, and procedures
Practical and accessible, the Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery is the essential reference guide to cardiac surgical patient care.
"Anyone who has ever suffered grief, in any form, will benefit from this passionately honest book. Grief is Amanda Adams' constant companion, both her oppressor and her guide, as she gropes her way through a heart-rending experience."—Kristin Henderson, author of While They're at War: The True Story of American Families on the Homefront
Five months pregnant, Amanda Adams and her husband were given two abysmal choices regarding her pregnancy: force her baby to fight for his life through countless invasive and dangerous surgeries, or perform a late term abortion. Despite the fact that Liam was missing half his heart, Amanda chose life.
Amanda's emotional plate was full as she found herself redefining the usual expectations a mother has for her child. Instead of wondering where he'd go to college, she wondered if he would survive his first birthday. The eventual acceptance of Amanda's grief helped her accept her new role as a powerful advocate. Over the course of seven years, together, as a family, Amanda and her husband helped Liam endure twelve heart surgeries, each time taking him to the brink of death.
Heart Warriors is Amanda's personal and emotional story that initiates a powerful dialogue about infant mortality and hope.
Amanda Adams is a "Heart Mom" and a powerful voice within the congenital heart disease (CHD) community by working closely with cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and nurses from Harvard University, Baylor University, University of Southern California, University of Illinois, and CU Boulder Medical. She founded two CHD organizations, organizes medical conferences for Hypoplastic Right Hearts, attends medical advisory board meetings and national chapter presidents meetings for the Children's Heart Foundation, and chaired the Congenital Heart Walk in Colorado. As a pioneer of CHD advocacy, she is also firmly rooted in the social network of CHD parents and survivors.
Apply dependable clinical advice from Marschall S. Runge, MD, PhD, Cam Patterson, MD and George Stouffer, MD and utilize diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms and clinical pathways developed by the many world-renowned chapter contributors.Utilize annotated references to the most important resources and evidence-based studies.
Benefit from expanded coverage of cardiovascular imaging including echocardiography, stress testing and nuclear imaging, and CT and MRI.
Access the fully searchable contents onlineat www.expertconsult.com, in addition to downloadable images and dynamic video clips.
Fully understand the rationale for treatment of specific arrhythmiaswith practical techniques that are grounded in the most recent basic science. Stay up to date with new chapters on molecular mechanisms of cardiac electrical activity, cardiac ion channels, ventricular tachycardia in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, epicardial ventricular tachycardia, ventricular arrhythmias in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, ventricular arrhythmias in inherited channelopathies, ventricular arrhythmias in congenital heart disease, atrial arrhythmias in congenital heart disease, and complications of catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias.
View videos of 27 key techniques online, including optical mapping of reentrant ventricular arrhythmias, 3-dimensional mapping of arrhythmias using different mapping and navigation modalities, and fluoroscopy images illustrating techniques for electrophysiologic catheter positioning, atrial septal puncture, and pericardial access.
Gain a new understanding of hot topicssuch as mechanisms of arrhythmias, electrophysiologic testing, mapping and navigation modalities, ablation energy sources, sinus node dysfunction, conduction disturbances, atrial tachyarrhythmias, preexcitation syndromes and all types of ventricular and supraventricular tachycardias.
Several of the cases incorporate chest X-rays and coronary angiograms illustrating the appearances that are associated with various cardiac conditions.
All the cases are graded in difficulty and are cross-referenced to the new editions of ECG Made Easy and ECG in Practice for further information.
For this Fourth Edition over 30 new ECGs have been included, mainly to provide clearer examples, though the book deliberately retains some technically poor records to maintain a ’real-world’ perspective.
An essential guide for daily clinical practice and a thorough review for the cardiothoracic boards, Johns Hopkins Textbook of Cardiothoracic Surgery is filled with authoritative guidance on surgical techniques and pre- and postoperative strategies for managing cardiothoracic disease. The content of this trusted classic reflects the rapidly changing field of cardiothoracic surgery. In addition to the basic curriculum required for certification, you will find coverage of advanced concepts, controversial issues, and new technologies.
Johns Hopkins Textbook of Cardiothoracic Surgery provides an in-depth look at the full-spectrum of disorders and their surgical and medical management options, including congenital, acquired, and neoplastic diseases. Supporting this detailed coverage is an easy-to-navigate design and step-by-step explanations of the most complex operations.
THE SECOND EDITION IS HIGHLIGHTED BY:NEW board review Q&A Ten NEW chapters including:
Surgical Therapies for Atrial Fibrillation, Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease, and Stem Cells for Cardiac Surgical Disease NEW full-color illustrations An increased number of decision-making flow charts that will prove valuable when preparing for cases and examinations Key Concepts that highlight epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnostic and treatment strategies, and outcomes for each topic
NOTE: This book was previously known as the Johns Hopkins Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery but the second edition has been renamed to better reflect its scope and comprehensive nature.
Are you one of the eighty-two million Americans currently diagnosed with cardiovascular disease—or one of the millions more who think they are healthy but are at risk? Whether your goal is to get the best treatment or stay out of the cardiologist’s office, your heart's health depends upon accurate information and correct answers to key questions. In Heart 411, two renowned experts, heart surgeon Marc Gillinov and cardiologist Steven Nissen, tackle the questions their patients have raised over their decades of practice: Can the stress of my job really lead to a heart attack? How does exercise help my heart, and what is the right amount and type of exercise? What are the most important tests for my heart, and when do I need them? How do symptoms and treatments differ among men, women, and children?
Backed by decades of clinical experience and up-to-the-minute research, yet written in the accessible, down-to-earth tone of your trusted family doctor, Heart 411 cuts through the confusion to give you the knowledge and tools you need to live a long and heart-healthy life.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Easily remedy weak areas in your knowledge by reviewing details for each question, plus cross references to Braunwald’s for more in-depth explanations.
Enhance your preparation for the boards by reviewing case studies in all sections of the text.Get a realistic simulation of the exam experience with interactive review questions at www.expertconsult.com.
Assess your mastery of the latest topics in cardiovascular medicine, including molecular cardiovascular imaging, intravascular ultrasound imaging, cardiovascular regeneration and tissue engineering, device therapy for advanced heart failure, atrial fibrillation management, structural heart disease, and Chagasic heart disease.
Maximize your comprehension with full-color images and illustrations throughout the text.
In The South Beach Heart Program, Dr. Arthur Agatston's innovative approach to heart disease prevention will show you how to protect your heart and live a longer, healthier life. He not only explains how to assess your cardiac risks and avoid unneccessary surgery, but also teaches you how to make life-saving changes, including rethinking your eating and exercise habits, to beat the odds of suffering from cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Agatston explains:How you can have a negative stress test and still be at risk for a heart attackWhy your cholesterol level may not accurately indicate your risk for heart attackHow a simple noninvasive heart scan can reveal if you are a cardiac time bombWhy belly fat can be deadly--and what you can do about itWhat you need to know about life-saving state-of-the-art blood testing, heart imaging, medications, and moreHow to transform your lifestyle with satisfying heart-healthy eating and an exercise program that's easy to integrate into your daily routine
The South Beach Heart Program will change the way you treat your health, your heart, and your approach to living well.
Discusses the hottest topics in thoracic surgery, including lung-volume reduction surgery, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, and laparoscopic approaches to many procedures.
Presents more than 200 full-color illustrations and step-by-step intraoperative photographs for expert visual guidance.
Discusses pearls and pitfalls to help you avoid complications.
Uses a consistent, easy-to-follow chapter format that includes clinical anatomy, pre-operative considerations, operative steps, and post-operative care to make reference easy.
Visually master a wide range of operative techniques, with authoritative guidance
Practice with confidence and overcome your toughest challenges with advice from the top minds in cardiology today, who synthesize the entire state of current knowledge and summarize all of the most recent ACC/AHA practice guidelines.
Locate the answers you need fast thanks to a user-friendly, full-color design with more than 1,200 color illustrations.
Search the complete contents online at www.expertconsult.com.Stay on top of the latest advances in molecular imaging, intravascular ultrasound, cardiovascular regeneration and tissue engineering, device therapy for advanced heart failure, atrial fibrillation management, structural heart disease, Chagasic heart disease, ethics in cardiovascular medicine, the design and conduct of clinical trials, and many other timely topics.
Hone your clinical skills with new dynamic cardiac imaging videos, heart sound recordings, and podcasts at www.expertconsult.com.
Know what to do and expectwith comprehensive coverage of almost every procedure you might need to perform.
Find answers fastthanks to a consistent and logical chapter structure. (Indications, Surgical Anatomy, Preoperative Considerations, Operative Steps, Postoperative Considerations, Pearls & Pitfalls, and References)
Review key techniquesprior to performing surgery. Clinical images capture key moments in procedures including: surgical repair of a suprarenal aortic aneurysm; surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm; endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the juxtarenal and pararenal aorta; surgical exposure and harvest of the femoropopliteal vein; and endovascular treatment of aortic arch vessels, subclavian and axillary artery.
Visualize every procedurethanks to more than 1,000 full-color illustrations; including procedural photos and beautifully illustrated drawings that highlight the relevant anatomy and techniques in specific treatments.
Prevent and plan for complications prior to a procedurethanks to a step-by-step approach to each procedure accompanied by relevant imaging studies.
Glean all essential, up-to-date, need-to-know information abouthot topics including: management of peripheral arterial disease; aortic aneurysms/aortic dissection; lower extremities/critical limb ischemia; and infra-inguinal occlusive disease.
The accompanying CD contains images and video-clips displaying the dynamic aspects of vascular pathology to aid diagnosis and learning. Each image can be enlarged to enable the user to fully discern the main features, and for ease, the CD can be searched by image type, condition/disease or techniques.
Reinforce your learning with a visually rich reference that includes abundant figures and tables to supplement the text.
Utilize the most promising approaches for your patients with coverage of all echocardiography modalities, including contrast and 3-D echocardiography.
Zero in on the critically important information and get a quick summary for review thanks to key points at the end of each chapter and a disease-oriented assessment of echocardiographic data.Access the complete contents online from your laptop or mobile device - anytime, anywhere - plus clinical cases, multiple-choice questions, videos, and eFigures at www.expertconsult.com!
Stay current on the latest advances with a new chapter on echo-guided interventions for structural heart disease, extensive coverage of technical aspects of image and data acquisition, and many other essential updates.
Chapters covering modalities helpful in assessment of diastolic function such as: echocardiography, cardiac MRI, radionuclide ventriculography, and invasive hemodynamic measurements.
Features in-depth assessments of all diagnostic methods for diastolic heart failure, including rationales for their use.
Examines contributing conditions that play a role in diastolic heart failure and offers guidance on their management.
Offers pharmacologic strategies for multiple problem management.
The Fainting Phenomenon, Second Edition is a valuable information resource for anyone whose life is affected by fainting.
Written for the layperson, this book will help you:
Understand the different reasons why people faint and their significance
Seek proper medical attention and treatment
Deal with related conditions such as Postural Tachycardia Syndrome and Orthostatic Hypertension
This is an indispensable and reassuring guide for parents, families and care givers.
Dr. Forrester tells the story of these rebels and the risks they took with their own lives and the lives of others to heal the most elemental of human organs - the heart. The result is a compelling chronicle of a disease and its cure, a disease that is still with us, but one that is slowly being worn away by "The Heart Healers".
Transradial Access: Techniques for Diagnostic Angiography and Percutaneous Intervention offers
a single source for both novice and experienced interventional
cardiologists for safely and effectively performing transradial
catheterization procedures. First described in 1989, the transradial
approach for coronary angiography and percutaneous interventions has
seen a constant and progressive increase around the world as a result of
significantly reduced procedural complications, shorter hospital stays,
increased patient satisfaction, and lower associated costs compared
with the transfemoral approach.
Yet despite its apparent benefits,
adoption of this technique in the United States has been slow, largely
due to the increased technical aspects of entering a smaller artery,
accessing the central circulation and engaging the coronary arteries
from this approach. In addition, until recently the technique was not
routinely taught in the majority of training programs. This book
flattens that learning curve by highlighting the technical aspects of
transradial diagnostic and interventional procedures, and includes
detailed discussion of:
are demonstrated in detail using both still images and video. Whether
you are an experienced transfemoral operator who wants to refine and
expand your technique or a new transradial operator looking to master
the technique, this comprehensive text holds the key to mastering this
“Love your explanations! It demystifies all things cardiac in a way that helps explain it to patients.” Reader Experience of www.thepad.pm
Cardiology: Self-Assessment Colour Review, Second Editionappeals to a wide range of professionals in practice and training from young hospital doctors preparing for higher qualifications in cardiology and internal medicine to established physicians who are looking for a problem-oriented review of their subject.
Your purchase entitles you to access the web site until the next edition is published, or until the current edition is no longer offered for sale by Elsevier, whichever occurs first. Elsevier reserves the right to offer a suitable replacement product (such as a downloadable or CD-ROM-based electronic version) should access to the web site be discontinued.
Globally recognized editors and contributors draw on their years of experience to provide practical information emphasizing the basics of material selection and optimal angiographic setup for purposes of the interventional procedure. Comprehensive chapters address the different techniques of approaching complex coronary lesions such as chronic occlusions, bifurcations, and unprotected left main lesions.
Get a thorough review of ultrasound vascular diagnosis, including peripheral veins and arteries, carotid and vertebral arteries, abdominal vessels, and transcranial Doppler.
Quickly reference numerous tables for examination protocols, normal values, diagnostic parameters, and ultrasound findings for selected conditions.
Visualize important techniques with hundreds of lavish line drawings and clinical ultrasound examples.Stay current with trending topics through new chapters on evaluation of organ transplants, screening for vascular disease, correlative imaging, and accreditation and the vascular lab.
Experience clinical scenarios with vivid clarity through new color ultrasound images.
Watch vascular ultrasound videos and access the complete contents online at www.expertconsult.com.
Benefit from the fresh perspective and insight of a new co-editor, Dr. Joseph Polak.
Improve your understanding of the correlation of imaging results with treatment goals in venous and arterial disease.
Learn the principles of vascular ultrasonography from the most trusted reference in the field.
David E. Clapham, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurobiology and Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
- detailed information on sequence parameters for different magnets and vascular territories for the optimization of the MRA technique;
- a broad overview of the principal indications for which contrast-enhanced MR angiography is ideally suited;
- the typical MR imaging findings associated with various pathologies;
- the appropriateness of contrast-enhanced MRA as compared with other modalities, such as CTA and CEUS;
- the potential pitfalls and limitations of the technique in clinical routine.
The volume will prove invaluable to radiologists and clinicians wishing to expand, improve, or consolidate their routine approach to vascular MR imaging.
Several pathophysiologic mechanisms have been postulated to explain the relationship between renal dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Recent studies indicate an integrated response of the vascular smooth muscles and glomerular mesangial cells to traditional and uremia related cardiovascular risk factors. Traditional risk factors can incite renal impairment and cardiac damage. As renal function deteriorates, uremia-related risk factors play an increasing role both in reduction in glomerular filtration rate and cardiovascular damage. Several uremia related factors such as uncontrolled hypertension, disturbed glucose insulin metabolism, microalbuminuria, phosphate retention, secondary hyperparathyroidism, myocardial and vascular calcification, hypertensive-uremic cardiomyopathy, inflammation, oxidant injury, and neurohormonal dysregulation have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the cardiorenal syndrome. Recent data suggest that management of the cardiorenal syndrome requires aggressive control of traditional risk factors as well novel approaches to prevent or reverse uremia –related processes.
This book provides a comprehensive update analysis of our current understanding of the cardiorenal syndrome including epidemiology, pathophysiologic mechanisms, and therapeutic approaches.