This clearly written manual explains principles of operation, applications for water treatment, equipment, system design, costs, pretreatment and posttreatment, installation, operation, maintenance, and disposal of concentrate.
The manual covers geology, groundwater movement, groundwater quality, regulatory issues, water-well types and construction, pumps, water treatment, water-well problems, and groundwater recharge and storage.
M14 also explains the hydraulics of backflow, the two types of backflow - backsiphonage and backpressure, and the conditions that can cause backflow and a potential cross-connection (such as a water main break).
This manual provides 30 common lab tests for process control in drinking water production. Each test includes purpose of test, equipment list, reagents, simplified methods and procedures, and warnings and cautions.
Manual M19 presents techniques for developing contingency plans for a variety of emergencies from natural disasters to human-caused crises. The manual explains how to develop an emergency preparedness plan, how to identify vulnerabilities in your water system, and how to determine how a disruption would likely impact service.
The manual incorporates a separate, 20-page booklet -Security Analysis Response for Water Utilities, - which provides guidance in hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, mitigation, development of a response plan, and crisis communications for a utility security breach.