The character Allan Quatermain is the hero of H. Rider Haggard's 1885 novel King Solomon's Mines . In this adventure novel named after him, Quatermain longs for a return to the wilderness after losing his son. He talks a number of companions into joining him and they journey inland from Africa's east coast, where they are attacked by Masai warriors.
King Solomon's Mines tells of a search of an unexplored region of Africa by a group of adventurers led by Allan Quatermain for the missing brother of one of the party. It is the first English adventure novel set in Africa, and is considered to be the genesis of the Lost World literary genre. The book was first published in September 1885 amid considerable fanfare, with billboards and posters around London announcing "The Most Amazing Book Ever Written". It became an immediate best seller. By the late 19th century, explorers were uncovering ancient civilisations around the world, such as Egypt's Valley of the Kings, and the empire of Assyria. Inner Africa remained largely unexplored and King Solomon's Mines, the first novel of African adventure published in English, captured the public's imagination.
A classic of fantasy literature, She has sold over 83 million copies in 44 different languages and is one of the best-selling books of all time. Extremely popular upon its release in 1887, She tells the story of Horace Holly's adventure into the African interior with his servant, Leo. While traversing the jungles, they encounter natives who worship a white queen called Ayesha, who rules as the all-powerful She. It is with this novel that Haggard solidified the conventions of his Lost World genre that fantasy and science fiction authors continue to emulate today, in addition to exploring the use of female authority and powerful female characters in Victorian fiction.