The second edition of a bestseller, Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems provides the necessary understanding of the breadth and depth of human factors issues that influence the design, implementation, and evaluation of products and systems. Emphasizing the close relationship between basic theory and application, the authors delineate a framework for the research process, present an integrated view of the current state of knowledge, and examine how these factors can be applied to system design. The new edition addresses such concepts as situation awareness and highlights topics of interest, with a special focus on computer applications and human-computer interaction.
See what’s new in the Second Edition
New topics, such as situational awareness, that capture the tremendous changes in human factors and ergonomics Tightly integrates basic research and application, strengthening the link between knowledge and practice Each chapter includes a separate box that discusses a topic of current interest related to human interaction with computers and recent technology
Demonstrating a general approach to solving a broad range of system problems, the book provides coverage of the theoretical foundation on which the discipline of human factors is built. Structured around human information processing, it covers the full range of contemporary human factors and ergonomics, then shows you how to apply them.
Incident Management Systems (IMS) provide the means by which to coordinate the efforts of individual agencies in order to stabilize an incident and protect life, property, and the environment. Born from the FireScope project of the late 1960s, which was developed in response to the major wildfires that regularly plagued Southern California, these systems have evolved with many similarities and certain fundamental differences.
Emergency Incident Management Systems: Fundamentals and Applications contrasts the major forms of Incident Management/Incident Command Systems. The author illuminates these differences and offers a fresh perspective on the concepts on which these systems are founded in order to make them more accessible and user-friendly. Without suggesting major changes in the systems, he bridges the gap between their theoretical and academic foundations and their real-world applications, and makes them more applicable to the professional's daily needs.
Timely features of the book include:
* An "in the field" point of view
* Coverage of incidents of mass destruction
* Filled-out sample forms designed to aid professionals in completing reports
In post-9/11 America, where incident management has become a national priority-one that must be easilyunderstood and applicable across all emergency systems-this book provides a useful tool for helping today's emergency workers be more informed and more prepared than ever.
The new editors offer essential breath of experience on aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (i.e. scientific research, regulation, funding agencies, technology, and implementation) as well as knowledge about the science. The contributors are experts in their fields.
Topics carried over from the first edition are fully updated, several by new authors who are now at the fore of the field. New material - which represents 50% of the volume - focuses on the challenges facing aviation specialists today. One of the most significant developments in this decade has been NextGen, the Federal Aviation Administration's plan to modernize national airspace and to address the impact of air traffic growth by increasing airspace capacity and efficiency while simultaneously improving safety, environmental impacts and user access. NextGen issues are covered in full. Other new topics include: High Reliability Organizational Perspective, Situation Awareness & Workload in Aviation, Human Error Analysis, Human-System Risk Management, LOSA, NOSS and Unmanned Aircraft System.Comprehensive text with up-to-date synthesis of primary source material that does not need to be supplementedNew edition thoroughly updated with 50% new material and full coverage of NexGen and other modern issuesInstructor website with test bank and image collection makes this the only text offering ancillary supportLiberal use of case examples exposes readers to real-world examples of dangers and solutions
Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.
Bisesi and Kohn's Industrial Hygiene Evaluation Methods, Second Edition introduces basic methods for evaluating work and some non-work environments in order to detect and measure physical, chemical and biological agents, as well as hazardous ergonomic factors. The book is divided into relatively short units that provide concise overviews and descriptions of basic concepts. Each unit is followed by practical technical exercises. These exercises foster the understanding of basic industrial hygiene principles and practices for collection, detection, identification, calculation, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data. Exercises can be conducted in a setting in which agents and other factors are detectable and measurable. Alternatively, the simulated evaluation exercises that are included can be conducted in a classroom or laboratory.
This book is an introductory reference for environmental and occupational health and safety students and practitioners. It is an indispensable tool that illustrates methods fundamental to industrial hygiene practice, and is just as valuable in the professional's office as it is in the classroom.
The book provides the vital background information necessary to acquire a core knowledge base and a much-needed overview of human factors within the maritime domain. It starts by putting the topic into an historical and theoretical context, moves onto more specific and detailed topics and contemporary thinking in human factors, then reviews new maritime technology. The authors take a holistic approach based on a model of the socio-technical system of work in the maritime domain. They synthesize available knowledge and research, then present in an easily acceptable framework with example, illustrations, and case studies whenever possible, making the text rigorous, useful, and enjoyable.
The three authors draw on a range of diverse backgrounds including working as a maritime surveyor, transport consultant, human factors lecturer, and mechanical engineer. They have undertaken maritime research in Denmark, Australia, Malta, and the UK. They have published several other human factor books on related topics. This combination of human factors knowledge, maritime wisdom, and substantial publication experience results in a book that is effective and practical.
Environmental pressures have been increasing on businesses over many years. New legislation has forced companies to look at their impact on the environment through such issues as use of resources, emissions, energy use, transport and waste management. Accidents such as the recent pollution incident by BP in the Gulf of Mexico grab the attention of the media and bring it into the public domain. In addition to its focus on the NEBOSH course, this book covers all of the essential elements managers will need to understand correct environmental health and safety management, including the broad legal framework, risk assessment and pointers to relevant standards.
Brian Waters has 15 years’ experience in the water supply industry, and 13 years of experience in senior management roles with the National Rivers Authority and the Environment Agency. He has subsequently worked in training and consultancy, giving him a wealth of experience in this area.
Understand the Utility and Limitations of Modern Technology
In their trademark, eloquent style, the authors explain the application of a human-centered approach to the design, testing, and evaluation of work systems by considering the interrelated set of physical, cognitive, social, organizational, and other relevant human factors. Their elemental, but comprehensive, treatment of the subject matter provides an authoritative and archival reference of basic theoretical and practical knowledge that will help enhance human performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the organizational environment. Small enough to carry along to work sites, with simple and clear illustrations, the book examines how to improve performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the work environment.
Using sample protocols from the transportation and nuclear power industries, Workplace Drug Testing reviews current federal regulations and mandatory guidelines for federal workplace testing programs and demonstrates practical techniques for specimen collection and laboratory testing. The book compares workplace testing outside the US including protocols, attitude surveys, and legislation from Europe, Australia and South America. Chapters include analytical approaches for sample testing such as radioimmunoassay and enzyme immunoassay, as well as confirmatory testing via quality assurance, calibrators, and controls. The book also offers analytical information for biological matrices other than urine; details the procedures for using hair, oral fluid, and sweat; and examines the physiologic considerations when interpreting alternative matrix test results. Containing numerous tables and figures, expert data, and supported by extensive references, this is a crucial tool for those charged with maintaining a drug-free workplace.
Keeping the format popularized by the first edition, the new edition has been completely revised and updated. Divided into 13 sections and organized alphabetically within each section, the entries provide a clear and simple outline of the topics as well as precise and practical information. The book reviews applications, tools, and innovative concepts related to ergonomic research. Technical terms are defined (where possible) within entries as well as in a glossary. Students and professionals will find this format invaluable, whether they have ergonomics, engineering, computing, or psychology backgrounds. Experts and researchers will also find it an excellent source of information on areas beyond the range of their direct interests.
Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry.
It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance.
* The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed
* Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station.
* Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)
The aim of The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium(III) is to examine the four most controversial areas of chromium nutrition and biochemistry:
- is chromium an essential element for humans and are chromium nutritional supplements of value?
- what biochemical role, if any, does chromium play in the body
- can large doses of chromium(III) be used to treat symptoms of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and related medical conditions
- is the use of chromium(III) supplements a health concern.
Scientific experts, who are recognized leaders in the field, weigh in with their opinions on both sides of these issues in this book.
A background review of the field from 1955-1995 by Vincent opens the book and concludes with a summary by Dr. Forrest Nielsen, Center Director of the USDA's Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center concludes the book.
* Point-counterpoint format, providing both sides of major issues
* Complete coverage of current issues, including nutrition, health, biochemical role and toxicology
* Authors are recognised experts and leaders in this field
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems is a valuable reference for students in civil and structural engineering programs as well as those studying sensors, data analysis and transmission at universities. It will also be an important source for practicing civil engineers and designers, engineers and researchers developing sensors, network systems and methods of data transmission and analysis, policy makers, inspectors and those responsible for the safety and service life of civil infrastructure.Reviews key developments in research, technologies and applicationsDiscusses systems used to obtain and analyse data and sensor technologiesAssesses methods of sensing changes in structural performance
See What’s New in the Fourth Edition:
New organization to clarify the principles of manual and warning development Coverage of the digital revolution and the global marketplace Expanded section on product safety and warnings Information on international standards for warnings
Backed by Research and Collective Experience
Drawn from the collective experience of hundreds of technical writers, graphic artists, and product safety engineers, along with the author’s nearly 30 years of experience helping companies improve instructions and warnings, this how-to book covers every aspect of developing state-of-the-art product manuals and safety warnings. Filled with examples that show how good manuals and effective warnings can add value to your company’s products and build repeat business, while at the same time reducing liability exposure, the text demonstrates how to create manuals that give products a competitive edge and improve customer satisfaction. Solidly grounded in research, but not a stuffy academic treatise, this down-to-earth, practical book is a survival guide for writers in the real world of short deadlines and tight budgets.
Since 1982, Aerosol Technology has been the text of choice among students and professionals who need to acquire a thorough working knowledge of modern aerosol theory and applications. Now revised to reflect the considerable advances that have been made over the past seventeen years across a broad spectrum of aerosol-related application areas - from occupational hygiene and biomedical technology to microelectronics and pollution control -this new edition includes:
* A chapter on bioaerosols
* New sections on resuspension, transport losses, respiratory deposition models, and fractal characterization of particles
* Expanded coverage of atmospheric aerosols, including background aerosols and urban aerosols
* A section on the impact of aerosols on global warming and ozone depletion.
Aerosol Technology, Second Edition also features dozens of new, fully worked examples drawn from a wide range of industrial and research settings, plus new chapter-end practice problems to help readers master the material quickly.
This book includes more than 50 case studies that demonstrate successful applications of UD principles and helps professors develop curriculum and teaching strategies. More than 300 color photographs and drawings further illustrate the principles and best practices. The book includes topics ranging from the development of ergonomic chairs for home and office to the unique environmental concerns of those sensitive to electronic and chemical emissions. The examples illustrate a variety of user/groups in different situations and clearly demonstrate the design directives for meeting their needs. The author explores the many definitions of UD, enabling readers to identify those most meaningful to large portions of the population.
Universal design (UD) facilitates the comfort and navigation of those with failing eyesight or restricted mobility, and the family members and professionals who care for them. Whether at home, work, or a public place, people appreciate the beautiful and the practical. This book takes a vital and meaningful approach, going beyond the basics and delving into details. It gets to the heart of UD and supplies an understanding of design from a greater perspective.
The guidelines have evolved from a series of symposia on Ergonomic Guidelines and Problem Solving. Initially experts in each area selected were asked to write draft guidelines. These guidelines were circulated to participants at the symposia and to other experts for review before being comprehensively revised. In some instances these guidelines cannot be considered complete but it is important now to put some recommendations forward as guidelines. It is hoped that as new research emerges each guideline will be updated.
Each guideline has been divided into two parts. Part I contains the guidelines for the practitioner and Part II provides the scientific basis or the knowledge for the guide. Such separation of the applied and theoretical content was designed to facilitate rapid incorporation of the guide into practice.
The target audience for this book is the practitioner. The practitioner may be a manager, production system designer, shop supervisor, occupational health and safety professional, union representative, labor inspector or production engineer. For each of the guidelines, relevant practitioners are described.
Topics covered include work space design, tool design, work-rest schedules, illumination and maintenance.
The book discusses the state of the art in smart clothing technology and applications. The chapters address usability and human aspects relevant to the manufacture and sale of such products and detail the evolving and increasingly wide-ranging applications in fields such as information technology, healthcare, and entertainment. They also cover technology topics including interface, communication, energy supply, data management, processors, and actuators. Discussions of packaging and interconnection, shape memory alloy, and design and modeling of electronic textile applications round out the coverage.
With technology news blaring headlines such as Smart Clothing Coming Soon to Your Galaxy and Futuristic Fashions Will Fight Our Health Scares, can clothing that communicates with your washer and dryer be far behind? It is not enough to understand the technology, you must also grasp the human factor aspects. Identifying the challenges and potential benefits of smart clothing from both perspectives, this book provides integrated coverage that establishes the need for methods significantly different from traditional ones. Its up-to-date coverage allows you to visualize trends and provides a glimpse into the future.
The new edition continues and extends the wisdom, innovations and strategies of previous editions, by introducing new material on recent incidents, and adding an extensive new section that shows how many accidents occur through simple miscommunications within the organization, and how strightforward changes in design can often remove or reduce opportunities for human errors.
Kletz' approach to learning as deeply as possible from previous experiences is made yet more valuable in this new edtion, which for the first time brings together the approaches and cases of "What Went Wrong" with the managerially focussed material previously published in "Still Going Wrong". Updated and supplemented with new cases and analysis, this fifth edition is the ultimate resource of experienced based anaylsis and guidance for the safety and loss prevention professionals.
* A million dollar bestseller, this trusted book is updated with new material, including the Texas City and Buncefield incidents, and supplemented by material from Trevor Kletz's 'Still Going Wrong'
* Now presents a complete analysis of the design, operational and for the first time, managerial causes of process plant accidents and disasters, plus their aftermaths
* Case histories illustrate what went wrong, why it went wrong, and then guide readers in how to avoid similar tragedies: learn from the mistakes of others
It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume.
Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age
This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research.
Beneficial for a broad audience, including:
Road transport authorities and safety agencies
Traffic and transport engineers
Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers
Company safety managers
Transport safety research agencies
This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.
Covering workstation design, selection, layout, and use, the book details the impact of computers on worker well-being, particularly when used under unfavorable conditions, and discusses how ergonomics can accommodate disabled workers. The author emphasizes the need to offer ‘protection’ to people involved in manual handling in offices, an issue that is frequently overlooked, and offers advice on how to work satisfactorily in non-office environments. She explores the possible negative outcomes, such as back pain, headaches, and upper limb disorders, of a poorly designed workstation.
Walking you through all the features of an office, the book provides insight into the potential problem areas that workers often encounter. The book explains how to identify suitable workstation furniture, test it, trial it, and introduce the final selection so the workforce accepts it. The author draws on first-hand experience dealing with difficulties in many types of office situations to provide straightforward, easily applicable advice on how to improve the workplace to reduce the likelihood of workers experiencing discomfort, ill-health, and dissatisfaction.
This book is organized into six parts encompassing 20 chapters. Part 1 considers the nature of electrical injuries, the mechanical causes of electrical failures, and electrical insulation failure. Parts 2 and 3 describe the mechanism of breakdown and failure of electrical equipment, as well as the concept of circuit protection, with emphasis on the earthing principles and double insulation. Parts 4 and 5 explore the principles and application of electronic and solid-state control systems, fires, and explosion hazards. Part 6 focuses on the industrial supply and distribution of current and voltage.
This book will prove useful to electrical engineers, electricians, and technicians.
Designed for professionals who deliver, manage, and hold oversight responsibility for occupational health in an organization or in the community, Occupational Health Services guides the busy practitioner and clinic manager in setting up, running, and improving healthcare services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and occupational management of work-related health issues. The text covers:an overview of occupational health care in the US and Canada: how it is organized, who pays for what, how it is regulated, and how workers’ compensation works how occupational health services are managed in practice, whether within a company, as a global network, in a hospital or medical group practice, as a free-standing clinic, or following other models management of core services, including recordkeeping, marketing, service delivery options, staff recruitment and evaluation, and program evaluation depth and detail on specific services, including clinical service delivery for injured workers, periodic health surveillance, impairment assessment, fitness for duty, alcohol and drug testing, employee assistance, mental health, health promotion, emergency management, global health management, and medico-legal services.
This highly focused and relevant combined handbook and textbook is aimed at improving the provision of care and health protection for workers and will be of use to both managers and health practitioners from a range of backgrounds, including but not limited to medicine, nursing, health services administration, and physical therapy.
The book covers data and data sources, choice of methods, training of individuals, use of simulators for HRA purposes, and the relationship between psychology, human factors, accident analyses, and human reliability. Author Anthony Spurgin has been in the forefront of HRA development for the past 20 years and has contributed to developing human reliability methods and tools that have been applied to the enhancement of nuclear power plant and space vehicle safety. He explores reactor performance and the demands it makes on operators to ensure plant safety. He also covers the roles of plant management in the decision-making applied to both design and operation. The book includes a number of accident studies that illustrate the key roles of operators and managers in accident mitigation and control.
The heart of HRA will always be to find creative ways of helping designers, management, operators, and authorities increase the safety and profitability of technological systems. Drawing on his personal experience, Spurgin reviews HRA from the viewpoint of the operator. The book uses examples from the nuclear industry, always on the forefront of safety, and translates how to apply the concepts to other high risk industries.
This volume has been written as a desk reference for the Professional Hazards Manager (PHM). The PHM is a qualified environmental manager that has the responsibility of ensuring that his or her facility or division within the corporation is in compliance with environmental statutes and regulations, as well as participating in the selection of technologies and approaches to remediation, pollution control, and in implementing waste minimization practices. These decisions require knowledge and understanding of the federal, state, and local environmental regulations, a working knowledge of the best available technologies and their associated cost. This volume provides an overview of both the technology and compliance requirements that will assist environmental managers in addressing facility management of hazardous wastes, pollution control, and waste minimization. The book has been designed in part as a study guide to help prepare qualified individuals for the national certification and registration program of Professional Hazards Managers conducted by the National Association of Safety & Health Professionals and other organizations including the Hazard Materials Control Resources Institute (HMCRI) and Fairleigh Dickinson University.
Aligned directly to the NEBOSH syllabus, this revision guide includes learning outcomes and key revision points to help you consolidate your knowledge to enable you to effectively discharge workplace safety and responsibilities.
With reference to the textbook, this revision guide provides complete syllabus coverage in bite sized chunks to help you pass the certificate and become an efficient practitioner in the Oil and Gas industry.
Small, handy size making it ideal for use at home, in the classroom or on the move
Includes revision exercises and answers to check your understanding
Everything you need for productive revision in one handy reference source
Through the inclusion of revision tips, exam guidance and self-test questions, this guide will consolidate your understanding of environmental management and help you to prepare for your exam. It provides full coverage for both the IEMA and NEBOSH exams and includes coloured sections to help you to identify the content relevant for each qualification.
Small, handy size ideal for on the move
Illustrations and tables to improve understanding
Written by expert tutor of IEMA and NEBOSH environmental qualifications.
This book is the first to introduce a range of currently used, or under development, laser- and light-based technologies that will provide greater cosmetic benefits to the consumer. It explains the basic physics of light-based technologies, the bio-physical principles behind their mechanism of action, and their applications in many cosmetic procedures. The fundamentals of skin and hair physiology (relevant to the understanding of actions of various cosmetics) are also explained, as are: cosmeceuticals; topical drugs for cosmetic benefits; non-invasive and invasive options available for beauty treatments, and how all this fits in with the emerging light-based technologies.
Individual chapters are devoted to the various skin and hair conditions where light-based systems are currently used. Treatments discussed include the rejuvenation and toning of damaged skin; skin resurfacing and microdermabrasion; hair removal and growth reduction; wrinkle reduction; acne treatment and cellulite. Finally, the book examines the synergy of cosmeceuticals and topical bioactive agents with light-based technologies, safety issues, a regulatory perspective for OTC marketing, and concludes with a discussion of the business aspects related to home-use of light-based devices.The first book to introduce this emerging technology to the personal care industryExplains their applications in many cosmetic proceduresDevotes individual chapters to common skin and hair conditions
The New Public Health will help students and practitioners understand factors affecting the reform process of health care organization and delivery. It links the classic public health issues such as environmental sanitation, health education, and epidemiology with the new issues of universal health care, economics, and management of health systems for the new century.Provides a comprehensive overview of public health from a global perspectiveAssesses health systems models of the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Scandinavian countries, and developing countries including China, Nigeria, and ColombiaAnalyzes critical issues of health economics, including forces associated with escalating costs and the strategies to control those costsDiscusses strategies for dealing with the many ramifications of managed careLinks medicine with the social sciences, technology, and health management issues as they evolve
Readers will learn about the strategic planning process and why each of the steps in the process is critical if the plan is to succeed. More importantly, while the strategic planning process may be thought of as extremely complicated this book remove the mystery that some think of when considering strategic planning by providing timely advice and easy to use tools to assist in the strategic planning process.
* Apply the various methods of grounding electrical systems
* Detail the applicable national Standards
* Describe the purposes of grounding and bonding
* List the types of systems that cannot be grounded
* Describe what systems can be operated ungrounded
* Correctly shield sensitive communications cables from noise and interference
* Apply practical knowledge of surge and transient protection
* Troubleshoot and fix grounding and surge problems
* Design, install and test an effective grounding system for electronic equipment
* Understand lightning and how to minimize its impact on your facility
* Protect sensitive equipment from lightning
· An engineer's guide to earthing, shielding, lightning and surge protection designed to deliver reliable equipment and communications systems that comply with international and national codes
· Discover how to reduce plant downtime and intermittent faults by implementing best-practice grounding/earthing techniques
· Learn the principles of cable shielding in communication networks
It provides complete coverage of the syllabus in bite-sized chunks and will help you learn and memorise the most important areas, with links provided back to the main International Health and Safety at Work text to help you consolidate your learning.
This revision guide is written by an experienced lecturer who has spent many years helping students become accredited by NEBOSH. Ed Ferrett is former Vice Chairman of NEBOSH (1999-2008) and a lecturer on NEBOSH courses with both public and private course providers. He is a Chartered Engineer and Health and Safety Consultant.
Electrical Safety Code Manual will tie together the various regulations and practices for electrical safety and translate these complicated standards into easy to understand terms. This will result in a publication that is a practical, if not essential, asset to not only designers and company owners but to the electricians who must put compliance requirements into action in the field.Best-practice methods for accident prevention and electrical hazard avoidance Current safety regulations, including new standards from OSHA, NEC, NESC, and NFPAInformation on low-, medium-, and high-voltage safety systemsStep-by-step guidelines on safety auditsTraining program how-to's, from setup to rescue and first aid procedures
Not an oversized handbook or a theoretical treatise, but a handy collection of graphs, charts, calculations, tables, curves, and explanations, basic “rules of thumb” that any engineer working with equipment will need for basic maintenance and reliability of that equipment.
• Access to quick information which will help in day to day and long term engineering solutions in reliability and maintenance
• Listing of short articles to help assist engineers in resolving problems they face
• Written by two of the top experts in the country
Features & benefits:
• Offers a better understanding of the industrial processes that may be encountered.
• Provides a knowledge base for pre-incident planning.
• Covers response procedures and operational tactics to be employed by municipal firefighters at industrial fire incidents.
• Details the types of operational structures, firefighting equipment and personnel available at industrial facilities.
This book is perfect for municipal firefighters at any stage of their career, as well as for personnel at industrial facilities that have to operate or coordinate response with municipal fire departments.
There is an easy to follow example illustrating the Classical RCM systems analysis process using the water treatment system for a swimming pool. As well as the use of software in the system analysis process, making a specific recommendation on a software product to use. Additionally, this new edition possesses an appendix devoted to discussing an economic model that has been used successfully to decide the most cost effective use of maintenance.
Top Level managers, engineers, and especially technicians who rely on PM programs in their plant operations can't afford to miss this inclusive guide to Reliability-Centered Maintenance.
*Includes detailed instructions for implementing and sustaining an RCM program for extremely cost effective manufacturing
*Presents seven real-world cross-industry RCM sucess case studies that have profited from this plan
*Provides essential information on how RCM focuses your maintenance organization to become a recognized "center for profit"
*Offers over 35 accumulated years of the authors' experiences in Lessons Learned for the proper use of RCM (and pitfalls to avoid)
Aviation Psychology and Human Factors explores the application of psychological principles and techniques to the specific situations and problems of aviation. It provides a complete overview of the role of psychology in the field of aviation. The authors address the contribution of psychology in the design of aviation systems, the selection and training of pilots, the psychological characteristics of pilots that may relate to aviation safety, and to the behavior of passengers. They cover key concepts of psychological research and data analysis at a depth that fosters a greater appreciation of how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge.
A keener understanding of aviation psychology will better prepare pilots for the demands that aviation will make. While many books cover this subject for psychologists, very few, if any present the material to pilots. With balanced coverage that makes the material accessible to both, this book makes pilots aware of the positive impact psychology and its application can have on improving aviation operations, providing specific information that pilots can use in their daily operations. It gives psychologists a better understanding of how their discipline is applied to aviation, while giving pilots the tools to better evaluate and implement future products in the field of aviation psychology.
* This volume follows up on the cases and strategies outlined in the original million-dollar seller: "What Went Wrong"
* Contains many new cases and areas for improvement, including the hazards of rust, corrosion, and many more new topics
* Written by the world's leading expert on industrial safety
A plane runs out of gas while circling an airport for 30 minutes...
A passenger liner is mistaken for an enemy fighter and shot down...
A company invests in a new system that will cost them money...
What do these failure have in common? How can we prevent them from happening again?
Offering a critical perspective on problems with human-technical systems, Stories of Modern Technology Failures and Cognitive Engineering Successes explores the significant efforts of those who have made a positive difference. The book analyzes a variety of cognitive engineering applications, including training, design, military, transportation, communications, medicine, and emergency response in the nuclear industry.
Real world examples include— Designing a military training program that improved the detection rates of land mines Redesigning a monitor to help anesthesiologists predict dosages more effectively Implementing new protocols to improve the workflow and safety of a nuclear power plant
The book’s focus on cognitive engineering solutions emphasizes methodology such as knowledge elicitation, laboratory studies, naturalistic observation, usability, and modeling. It addresses highly complex systems as well as traditional human-machine interfaces.
This book demonstrates how cognitive engineers— Identify and address cognitive problems Develop, test, and implement solutions Consider social, cultural, political, and economic factors Develop criteria to measure the success of a solution
Emphasizes Drivers as Visual Information Processors
Because driving is an eyes-wide-open task, drivers are exposed to a multitude of visual stimuli along their journey. This information must be correctly processed in order to make the right decisions and perform precise safety maneuvers. With contributions from more than 20 leading experts, this detailed resource discusses road and markings design, new technologies, signage, distraction, safety, situation awareness, workload, driving experience, fatigue, and driving interventions with the goal of improving driving behavior and preventing accidents.
Addresses These Key Areas:
Visual attention and in-vehicle technologies
Interventions to reduce road trauma
Avoiding collisions and the failures involved in that endeavor
Using jargon-free language that is easily understood, this book compresses research from the past few decades into one accessible resource. It clearly and cohesively provides ergonomics and human factor engineers, industrial designers, and highway and roadway engineers with an overarching understanding of the incessant visual demands drivers face.
* An engineer's guide to the hazards and best practice for using electrical equipment in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres.
* Fully in line with the newly adopted international standards, the IEC79 series.
* Clear explanations of terminology and background information make this the most accessible book on this subject.
* Covers all aspects of modern cleaning technologies, helping readers to understand basics of cleaning, equipment used, techniques and possible changes to come within the industry.
* Includes environmental regulations and the basis for modern cleaning technologies, ensuring the reader is up to date on cleaning chemicals and their affects.
* Covers testing for cleanliness, ensuring cleaning operatives, technicians and end users understand how to achieve the demands required within the industrial cleaning process and an environment of continuing change.
The book highlights the major international standards that are used to support compliance with EU regulations and uses these standards as a basis for the design procedures. It looks at the risk assessment processes used to identify hazards and to quantify the risks inherent in a machine. It introduces the concepts of safety categories as defined by standard EN954-1 (Safety of Machinery) and illustrates the principles of failsafe design, fault tolerance and self-testing.
It also provides an introduction to machinery protection devices such as guards, enclosures with interlocks and guard-monitoring relays, locking systems, safety mats, photo-electric and electro-sensitive principles and the application of light curtains, a study of Safety Control System techniques, and introduces the principles of safety-certified PLCs.Plan and implement safety systems that deliver a safe working environment and compliance with national and international standardsApply simple risk assessments and hazard design methods to your own projectsIdentify hazards that occur with machinery and know how to deal with them
Focusing on those techniques and methods with the broadest applicability across fields, the second edition of Data Visualization: Principles and Practice provides a streamlined introduction to various visualization techniques. The book illustrates a wide variety of applications of data visualizations, illustrating the range of problems that can be tackled by such methods, and emphasizes the strong connections between visualization and related disciplines such as imaging and computer graphics. It covers a wide range of sub-topics in data visualization: data representation; visualization of scalar, vector, tensor, and volumetric data; image processing and domain modeling techniques; and information visualization.
See What’s New in the Second Edition:
Additional visualization algorithms and techniques New examples of combined techniques for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) visualization, illustrative fiber track rendering, and fiber bundling techniques Additional techniques for point-cloud reconstruction Additional advanced image segmentation algorithms Several important software systems and libraries
Algorithmic and software design issues are illustrated throughout by (pseudo)code fragments written in the C++ programming language. Exercises covering the topics discussed in the book, as well as datasets and source code, are also provided as additional online resources.
Discussing the relationship between mechanical loading, function, and biological performance, it first reviews basic structure-function relationships for most major orthopedic tissue types followed by the most-relevant structures of the body. It then addresses multiscale modeling and biologic considerations. It concludes with a look at applications of biomechanics, focusing on recent advances in theory, technology and applied engineering approaches.
With contributions from leaders in the field, the book presents state-of-the-art findings, techniques, and perspectives. Much of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research is directed at the translational capabilities for the "real world". Addressing this from the perspective of diagnostics, prevention, and treatment in orthopaedic biomechanics, the book supplies novel perspectives for the interdisciplinary approaches required to translate orthopaedic biomechanics to today’s real world.
Social Computing and Virtual Communities compiles contributions from international experts to offer the sort of multidisciplinary study that is required in any investigation of communities. Delving fully into theories and methods, application areas, and types of online social environments, this book —
Introduces several theories regarding online social interaction Provides a general overview of methodologies, qualitative and quantitative, for analyzing and evaluating virtual communities Makes an in-depth investigation into e-learning communities and the formation of social networks of learners Examines healthcare communities motivated by physical pain, illness, and burdensome symptoms Discusses intellectual property (IP) issues, including those involving user-generated content Delves into the topic of online trust Introduces virtual communities, in which users immerse themselves in a 3D virtual environment, including MMORPG (massively multiplayer online role playing games) Presents an unusual community of older people of Chinese culture who perceive virtual communities as a place where old beliefs and traditional norms can be preserved Explores the rapid rise of social networking sites (SNS)
Books of this kind are uncommon. This work not only provides case studies of different domains of virtual communities and different types of social technologies but also emphasizes theoretical and methodological aspects required to research and analyze such communities.
Winner of a 2013 Shingo Research and Professional Publication Award!
A how-to manual on the proper integration of safety and environmental sustainability with Lean implementations, Lean Sustainability: Creating Safe, Enduring, and Profitable Operations provides a proven recipe for achieving safety and sustainability excellence. This book is the result of the author’s two decades of experience implementing Lean; Safety, Health, and Environmental (SHE); and sustainability processes in the chemical, food, and consumer products industries. It unveils valuable lessons learned and little-known tips for eliminating waste and increasing process efficiency—while reducing safety incidents and the overall impact on the environment.
The text illustrates how to use the SHE Pillar as a gateway to continuous improvement, regardless of the improvement methodology you use. Bolstered with proven methodologies and real-world advice, it introduces novel approaches for achieving safety and sustainability excellence, including: Autonomous Safety—supplying employees with the knowledge, skills, and motivation to work safely Triple Zero—the achievement of zero accidents, zero environmental incidents, and zero losses Green Value Stream Mapping—the application of Value Stream Mapping to environmental and sustainability issues
Although there are many books on Lean, sustainability, and SHE, few explain how to integrate these dynamic tools. Walking you through this process, this book supplies the tools to create a synergy that will boost efficiencies across all segments of your business. Follow its advice and you’ll be on your way to making your organization and employees Lean, green, and serene.