Modern VLSI Design, Fourth Edition, offers authoritative, up-to-the-minute guidance for the entire VLSI design process—from architecture and logic design through layout and packaging. Wayne Wolf has systematically updated his award-winning book for today’s newest technologies and highest-value design techniques. Wolf introduces powerful new IP-based design techniques at all three levels: gates, subsystems, and architecture. He presents deeper coverage of logic design fundamentals, clocking and timing, and much more. No other VLSI guide presents as much up-to-date information for maximizing performance, minimizing power utilization, and achieving rapid design turnarounds.
The Acclaimed RF Microelectronics Best-Seller, Expanded and Updated for the Newest Architectures, Circuits, and Devices
Wireless communication has become almost as ubiquitous as electricity, but RF design continues to challenge engineers and researchers. In the 15 years since the first edition of this classic text, the demand for higher performance has led to an explosive growth of RF design techniques. In RF Microelectronics, Second Edition, Behzad Razavi systematically teaches the fundamentals as well as the state-of-the-art developments in the analysis and design of RF circuits and transceivers.
Razavi has written the second edition to reflect today’s RF microelectronics, covering key topics in far greater detail. At nearly three times the length of the first edition, the second edition is an indispensable tome for both students and practicing engineers. With his lucid prose, Razavi nowOffers a stronger tutorial focus along with hundreds of examples and problems Teaches design as well as analysis with the aid of step-by-step design procedures and a chapter dedicated to the design of a dual-band WiFi transceiver Describes new design paradigms and analysis techniques for circuits such as low-noise amplifiers, mixers, oscillators, and frequency dividers
This edition’s extensive coverage includes brand new chapters on mixers, passive devices, integer-N synthesizers, and fractional-N synthesizers. Razavi’s teachings culminate in a new chapter that begins with WiFi’s radio specifications and, step by step, designs the transceiver at the transistor level.
Coverage includesCore RF principles, including noise and nonlinearity, with ties to analog design, microwave theory, and communication systems An intuitive treatment of modulation theory and wireless standards from the standpoint of the RF IC designer Transceiver architectures such as heterodyne, sliding-IF, directconversion, image-reject, and low-IF topologies. Low-noise amplifiers, including cascode common-gate and commonsource topologies, noise-cancelling schemes, and reactance-cancelling configurations Passive and active mixers, including their gain and noise analysis and new mixer topologies Voltage-controlled oscillators, phase noise mechanisms, and various VCO topologies dealing with noisepower-tuning trade-offs All-new coverage of passive devices, such as integrated inductors, MOS varactors, and transformers A chapter on the analysis and design of phase-locked loops with emphasis on low phase noise and low spur levels Two chapters on integer-N and fractional-N synthesizers, including the design of frequency dividers Power amplifier principles and circuit topologies along with transmitter architectures, such as polar modulation and outphasing
This book is for the engineer that has not yet had any experience with this electrifying and growing field. The complex issue of FPGA design is broken down into four distinct phases - Design / Synthesis / Simulation / Place & Route. Numerous step-by-step examples along with source code accompany the discussion. A brief primer of one of the popular FPGA and hardware languages, VHDL, is incorporated for a simple yet comprehensive learning tool. While a general technology background is assumed, no direct hardware development understanding is needed. Also, included are details on tool-set up, verifaction techniques, and test benches. Reference material consists of a quick reference guide, reserved words, and common VHDL/FPGA terms.Learn how to design and develop FPGAs -- no prior experience necessary!Breaks down the complex design and development of FPGAs into easy-to-learn building blocksContains examples, helpful tips, and step-by-step tutorials for synthesis, implementation, simulation, and programming phases
High-Performance Embedded Computing: Architectures, Applications, and Methodologies is the first book designed to address the needs of advanced students and industry professionals. Focusing on the unique complexities of embedded system design, the book provides a detailed look at advanced topics in the field, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumption. Fundamental challenges in embedded computing are described, together with design methodologies and models of computation. HPEC provides an in-depth and advanced treatment of all the components of embedded systems, with discussions of the current developments in the field and numerous examples of real-world applications.Covers advanced topics in embedded computing, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumptionProvides in-depth coverage of networks, reconfigurable systems, hardware-software co-design, security, and program analysisIncludes examples of many real-world embedded computing applications (cell phones, printers, digital video) and architectures (the Freescale Starcore, TI OMAP multiprocessor, the TI C5000 and C6000 series, and others)
Convenient, concise, well-organized, and precise
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips—whether you’re refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumes Incredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sources Easy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component type Authoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurate Reliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer’s tutorials Instructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workarounds Comprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
Special chapters describe in detail several leading-edge co-design systems including Cosyma, LYCOS, and Cosmos.
Introduction to Hardware-Software Co-Design contains sufficient material for use by teachers and students in an advanced course of hardware/software co-design. It also contains extensive explanation of the fundamental concepts of the subject and the necessary background to bring practitioners up-to-date on this increasingly important topic.
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips--whether you're refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.
Volume 2 covers signal processing, including LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer's tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semiconductors; Volume 2 includes LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
Multiprocessor Systems-on-Chips covers both design techniques and applications for MPSOCs. Design topics include multiprocessor architectures, processors, operating systems, compilers, methodologies, and synthesis algorithms, and application areas covered include telecommunications and multimedia. The majority of the chapters were collected from presentations made at the International Workshop on Application-Specific Multi-Processor SoC held over the past two years. The workshop assembled internationally recognized speakers on the range of topics relevant to MPSOCs. After having refined their material at the workshop, the speakers are now writing chapters and the editors are fashioning them into a unified book by making connections between chapters and developing common terminology.
*Examines several different architectures and the constraints imposed on them
*Discusses scheduling, real-time operating systems, and compilers
*Analyzes design trade-off and decisions in telecommunications and multimedia applications
Gives a comprehensive introduction to a discipline that offers a 10X-100X acceleration of algorithms over microprocessors
Discusses the impact of reconfigurable hardware on a wide range of applications: signal and image processing, network security, bioinformatics, and supercomputing
Includes the history of the field as well as recent advances
Includes an extensive bibliography of primary sources
Hardware-Software Co-Synthesis of Distributed Embedded Systems is the first book to describe techniques for the design of distributed embedded systems, which have arbitrary hardware and software topologies. The book will be of interest to: academic researchers for personal libraries and advanced-topics courses in co-design as well as industrial designers who are building high-performance, real-time embedded systems with multiple processors.
This classic book has set the standard for advanced study andreference in the semiconductor device field. Now completely updatedand reorganized to reflect the tremendous advances in deviceconcepts and performance, this Third Edition remains the mostdetailed and exhaustive single source of information on the mostimportant semiconductor devices. It gives readers immediate accessto detailed descriptions of the underlying physics and performancecharacteristics of all major bipolar, field-effect, microwave,photonic, and sensor devices.
Designed for graduate textbook adoptions and reference needs,this new edition includes:A complete update of the latest developmentsNew devices such as three-dimensional MOSFETs, MODFETs,resonant-tunneling diodes, semiconductor sensors, quantum-cascadelasers, single-electron transistors, real-space transfer devices,and moreMaterials completely reorganizedProblem sets at the end of each chapterAll figures reproduced at the highest quality
Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Third Edition offersengineers, research scientists, faculty, and students a practicalbasis for understanding the most important devices in use today andfor evaluating future device performance and limitations.
A Solutions Manual is available from the editorialdepartment.
Readings in Hardware/Software Co-Design presents the papers that have shaped the hardware/software co-design field since its inception in the early 90s. Field experts -- Giovanni De Micheli, Rolf Ernst, and Wayne Wolf -- introduce sections of the book, and provide context for the paper that follow. This collection provides professionals, researchers and graduate students with a single reference source for this critical aspect of computing design.
* Over 50 peer-reviewed papers written from leading researchers and designers in the field
* Selected, edited, and introduced by three of the fields' most eminent researchers and educators
* Accompanied by an annually updated companion Web site with links and references to recently published papers, providing a forum for the editors to comment on how recent work continues or breaks with previous work in the field
This book covers information ranging from schematic-driven entry, through traditional HDL/RTL-based simulation and logic synthesis, all the way up to the current state-of-the-art in pure C/C++ design capture and synthesis technology. Also discussed are specialist areas such as mixed hardward/software and DSP-based design flows, along with innovative new devices such as field programmable node arrays (FPNAs).
Clive "Max" Maxfield is a bestselling author and engineer with a large following in the electronic design automation (EDA)and embedded systems industry. In this comprehensive book, he covers all the issues of interest to designers working with, or contemplating a move to, FPGAs in their product designs. While other books cover fragments of FPGA technology or applications this is the first to focus exclusively and comprehensively on FPGA use for embedded systems.First book to focus exclusively and comprehensively on FPGA use in embedded designsWorld-renowned best-selling authorWill help engineers get familiar and succeed with this new technology by providing much-needed advice on choosing the right FPGA for any design project
Based on a number of breakthroughs in SiC material scienceand fabrication technology in the 1980s and 1990s, the first SiCSchottky barrier diodes (SBDs) were released as commercial productsin 2001. The SiC SBD market has grown significantly sincethat time, and SBDs are now used in a variety of power systems,particularly switch-mode power supplies and motor controls. SiC power MOSFETs entered commercial production in 2011,providing rugged, high-efficiency switches for high-frequency powersystems. In this wide-ranging book, the authors draw on theirconsiderable experience to present both an introduction to SiCmaterials, devices, and applications and an in-depth reference forscientists and engineers working in this fast-movingfield. Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technologycovers basic properties of SiC materials, processing technology,theory and analysis of practical devices, and an overview of themost important systems applications. Specifically includedare:A complete discussion of SiC material properties, bulk crystalgrowth, epitaxial growth, device fabrication technology, andcharacterization techniques.Device physics and operating equations for Schottky diodes, pindiodes, JBS/MPS diodes, JFETs, MOSFETs, BJTs, IGBTs, andthyristors.A survey of power electronics applications, includingswitch-mode power supplies, motor drives, power converters forelectric vehicles, and converters for renewable energysources.Coverage of special applications, including microwave devices,high-temperature electronics, and rugged sensors.Fully illustrated throughout, the text is written by recognizedexperts with over 45 years of combined experience in SiC researchand development.
This book is intended for graduate students and researchers incrystal growth, material science, and semiconductor devicetechnology. The book is also useful for design engineers,application engineers, and product managers in areas such as powersupplies, converter and inverter design, electric vehicletechnology, high-temperature electronics, sensors, and smart gridtechnology.
Too often, PDN designs work inconsistently, and techniques that work in some scenarios seem to fail inexplicably in others. This book explains why and presents realistic processes for getting PDN designs right in any new product. Drawing on 60+ years of signal and power integrity experience, Larry Smith and Eric Bogatin show how to manage noise and electrical performance, and complement intuition with analysis to balance cost, performance, risk, and schedule. Throughout, they distill the essence of complex real-world problems, quantify core principles via approximation, and apply them to specific examples. For easy usage, dozens of key concepts and observations are highlighted as tips and listed in quick, chapter-ending summaries.
• A practical, start-to-finish approach to consistently meeting PDN performance goals
• Understanding how signals interact with interconnects
• Identifying root causes of common problems, so you can avoid them
• Leveraging analysis tools to efficiently explore design space and optimize tradeoffs
• Analyzing impedance-related properties of series and parallel RLC circuits
• Measuring low impedance for components and entire PDN ecologies
• Predicting loop inductance from physical design features
• Reducing peak impedances from combinations of capacitors
• Understanding power and ground plane properties in the PDN interconnect
• Taming signal integrity problems when signals change return planes
• Reducing peak impedance created by on-die capacitance and package lead inductance
• Controlling transient current waveform interactions with PDN features
• Simple spreadsheet-based analysis techniques for quickly creating first-pass designs
This guide will be indispensable for all engineers involved in PDN design, including product, board, and chip designers; system, hardware, component, and package engineers; power supply designers, SI and EMI engineers, sales engineers, and their managers.
Because you're not writing programs--rather, you're designing a chip whose sole purpose is to do what you tell it--it's faster than anything you can do in code. With Make: FPGAs, you'll learn how to break down problems into something that can be solved on an FPGA, design the logic that will run on your FPGA, and hook up electronic components to create finished projects.
This book hones in on that rapid prototyping aspect of FPGA use, showing designers exactly how they can cut time off production cycles and save their companies money drained by costly mistakes, via prototyping designs with FPGAs first. Reading it will take a designer with a basic knowledge of implementing FPGAs to the “next-level of FPGA use because unlike broad beginner books on FPGAs, this book presents the required design skills in a focused, practical, example-oriented manner.In-the-trenches expert authors assure the most applicable advice to practicing engineersDual focus on successfully making critical decisions and avoiding common pitfalls appeals to engineers pressured for speed and perfectionHardware and software are both covered, in order to address the growing trend toward "cross-pollination" of engineering expertise
The Plain-English Guide to Electronics and Current Flow for Every PCB Designer
Today, PCB designers must deal with issues such as crosstalk and EMI-–issues that were once associated only with components. This requires electronics knowledge that many PCB designers never gain through formal training. In PCB Currents, renowned PCB designer Douglas Brooks teaches these essentials descriptively, in plain English, with as little reliance on mathematics as possible. Building on his widely praised seminars, Brooks explains what current is, how it flows, and how it reacts. He begins by reviewing the nature of current, and then explains current flow in basic circuits, discusses sources that supply and drive current, and addresses the unique problems associated with current on PCBs. Brooks concludes by thoroughly illuminating signal integrity issues caused by current flow. He offers practical design solutions for each common type of problem, as well as for complex challenges involving very high frequency harmonics and very short wavelengths.
• Current: its fundamental nature, basic definitions, and key concepts
• Five fundamental laws of current, including Kirchoff’s law and Ohm’s law
• Basic circuit concepts: resistive circuits, reactive circuits, and impedance
• Voltage and current sources: Where electrons come from and why they move
• Current-related PCB issues: temperature, transmission lines, reflections, coupled currents, power distribution, skin effect, dielectric losses, and vias
• Solutions for signal integrity issues caused by current flow, from on-board inductance and apparent resistance changes to more complex problems
The text is written to be accessible and valuable for PCB designers at all levels of experience, whether they have engineering training or not.
Key features include:
* Case studies that provide a walk through of the design process, highlighting the trade-offs involved.
* Discussion of real world issues such as choice of device, pin-out, power supply, power supply decoupling, signal integrity- for embedding FPGAs within a PCB based design.
With this book engineers will be able to:
* Use PLD technology to develop digital and mixed signal electronic systems
* Develop PLD based designs using both schematic capture and VHDL synthesis techniques
* Interface a PLD to digital and mixed-signal systems
* Undertake complete design exercises from design concept through to the build and test of PLD based electronic hardware
This book will be ideal for electronic and computer engineering students taking a practical or Lab based course on digital systems development using PLDs and for engineers in industry looking for concrete advice on developing a digital system using a FPGA or CPLD as its core.Case studies that provide a walk through of the design process, highlighting the trade-offs involved.Discussion of real world issues such as choice of device, pin-out, power supply, power supply decoupling, signal integrity- for embedding FPGAs within a PCB based design.
This fifth edition includes an additional chapter on 'Quantum Optical Effects' where the theory of quantum optical effects in semiconductors is detailed. Besides deriving the 'semiconductor luminescence equations' and the expression for the stationary luminescence spectrum, results are presented to show the importance of Coulombic effects on the semiconductor luminescence and to elucidate the role of excitonic populations.
Processor Design provides insight into a number of different flavors of processor architectures and their design, software tool generation, implementation, and verification. After a brief introduction to processor architectures and how processor designers have sometimes failed to deliver what was expected, the authors introduce a generic flow for embedded on-chip processor design and start to explore the vast design space of on-chip processing. The types of processor cores covered include general purpose RISC cores, traditional DSP, a VLIW approach to signal processing, processor cores that can be customized for specific applications, reconfigurable processors, protocol processors, Java engines, and stream processors. Co-processor and multi-core design approaches that deliver application-specific performance over and above that which is available from single-core designs are also described.
The special design requirements for processors targeted for FPGA implementation, clock generation and distribution in microprocessor circuits, and clockless realization of processors are addressed. Tools and methodologies for application-specific embedded processor design are covered, together with processor modelling and early estimation techniques, and programming tool support for custom processors. The book concludes with a glance to the future of embedded on-chip processors.
Optical lithography is one of the most challenging areas ofcurrent integrated circuit manufacturing technology. Thesemiconductor industry is relying more on resolution enhancementtechniques (RETs), since their implementation does not requiresignificant changes in fabrication infrastructure. ComputationalLithography is the first book to address the computationaloptimization of RETs in optical lithography, providing an in-depthdiscussion of optimal optical proximity correction (OPC), phaseshifting mask (PSM), and off-axis illumination (OAI) RET tools thatuse model-based mathematical optimization approaches.
The book starts with an introduction to optical lithographysystems, electric magnetic field principles, and the fundamentalsof optimization from a mathematical point of view. It goes on todescribe in detail different types of optimization algorithms toimplement RETs. Most of the algorithms developed are based on theapplication of the OPC, PSM, and OAI approaches and theircombinations. Algorithms for coherent illumination as well aspartially coherent illumination systems are described, and numeroussimulations are offered to illustrate the effectiveness of thealgorithms. In addition, mathematical derivations of alloptimization frameworks are presented.
The accompanying MATLAB® software files for all the RETmethods described in the book make it easy for readers to run andinvestigate the codes in order to understand and apply theoptimization algorithms, as well as to design a set of optimallithography masks. The codes may also be used by readers for theirresearch and development activities in their academic or industrialorganizations. An accompanying MATLAB® software guide is alsoincluded. An accompanying MATLAB® software guide is included,and readers can download the software to use with the guide atftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/computational_lithography.
Tailored for both entry-level and experienced readers,Computational Lithography is meant for faculty, graduatestudents, and researchers, as well as scientists and engineers inindustrial organizations whose research or career field issemiconductor IC fabrication, optical lithography, and RETs.Computational lithography draws from the rich theory of inverseproblems, optics, optimization, and computational imaging; as such,the book is also directed to researchers and practitioners in thesefields.
The book is aimed at a broad audience of engineering professionals, life scientists and students working in the multidisciplinary area of biomedical engineering. It explains essential principles of electrical, chemical, optical and mechanical engineering as well as biomedical science, intended for readers with a variety of scientific backgrounds. In addition, it will be valuable for medical professionals and researchers. An online tutorial developed by the authors provides learning reinforcement for students and professionals alike.Reviews of state-of-the-art molecular sensors and nanotechnologiesExplains principles of sensors and fundamental theories with homework problems at the end of each chapter to facilitate learningDemystifies the vertical integration from nanomaterials to devices designCovers practical applications the recent progress in state-of-the-art sensor technologiesIncludes case studies of important commercial productsCovers the critical issues of implantability, biocompatibility and the regulatory framework
Professionals such as signal integrity engineers, package designers, and system architects need to thoroughly understand signal and power integrity issues in order to successfully design packages and boards for high speed systems. Now, for the first time, there's a complete guide to power integrity modeling: everything you need to know, from the basics through the state of the art.
Using realistic case studies and downloadable software examples, two leading experts demonstrate today's best techniques for designing and modeling interconnects to efficiently distribute power and minimize noise.
The authors carefully introduce the core concepts of power distribution design, systematically present and compare leading techniques for modeling noise, and link these techniques to specific applications. Their many examples range from the simplest (using analytical equations to compute power supply noise) through complex system-level applications.
The authorsIntroduce power delivery network components, analysis, high-frequency measurement, and modeling requirements Thoroughly explain modeling of power/ground planes, including plane behavior, lumped modeling, distributed circuit-based approaches, and much more Offer in-depth coverage of simultaneous switching noise, including modeling for return currents using time- and frequency-domain analysis Introduce several leading time-domain simulation methods, such as macromodeling, and discuss their advantages and disadvantages Present the application of the modeling methods on several advanced case studies that include high-speed servers, high-speed differential signaling, chip package analysis, materials characterization, embedded decoupling capacitors, and electromagnetic bandgap structures
This book's system-level focus and practical examples will make it indispensable for every student and professional concerned with power integrity, including electrical engineers, system designers, signal integrity engineers, and materials scientists. It will also be valuable to developers building software that helps to analyze high-speed systems.
Special features: The book deals with all aspects of VLSI physical design, from partitioning and floorplanning to layout generation and silicon compilation; provides a comprehensive treatment of most of the popular algorithms; covers the latest developments and gives a bibliography for further research; offers numerous fully described examples, problems and programming exercises.
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips--whether you're refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.
Volume 3 covers components for sensing the physical world, including light, sound, heat, motion, ambient, and electrical sensors.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer's tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
This book brings together up-to-the-minute techniques for finding, fixing, and avoiding signal integrity problems in your design. Drawing on his work teaching several thousand engineers and graduate students, world-renowned expert Eric Bogatin systematically presents the root causes of all six families of signal integrity, power integrity, and electromagnetic compatibility problems. Bogatin reviews essential principles needed to understand these problems, and shows how to use best design practices and techniques to prevent or address them early in the design cycle. To help test and reinforce your understanding, this new edition adds questions and problems throughout. Bogatin also presents more examples using free tools, plus new content on high-speed serial links, reflecting input from 130+ of his graduate students.
• A fully up-to-date introduction to signal integrity and physical design
• New questions and problems designed for both students and professional engineers
• How design and technology selection can make or break power distribution network performance
• Exploration of key concepts, such as plane impedance, spreading inductance, decoupling capacitors, and capacitor loop inductance
• Practical techniques for analyzing resistance, capacitance, inductance, and impedance
• Using QUCS to predict waveforms as voltage sources are affected by interconnect impedances
• Identifying reflections and crosstalk with free animation tools
• Solving signal integrity problems via rules of thumb, analytic approximation, numerical simulation, and measurement
• Understanding how interconnect physical design impacts signal integrity
• Managing differential pairs and losses
• Harnessing the full power of S-parameters in high-speed serial link applications
• Designing high-speed serial links associated with differential pairs and lossy lines—including new coverage of eye diagrams
• Ensuring power integrity throughout the entire power distribution path
• Realistic design guidelines for improving signal integrity, and much more
For professionals and students at all levels of experience, this book emphasizes intuitive understanding, practical tools, and engineering discipline, rather than theoretical derivation or mathematical rigor. It has earned a well-deserved reputation as the #1 resource for getting signal integrity designs right—first time, every time.
Provides an overview of the recent changes to the 1149.1 standard and the effect of the changes on the work of test engineers; Explains the new IEEE 1149.8.1 subsidiary standard and applications; Describes the latest updates on the supplementary IEEE testing standards.
In particular, addresses:
IEEE Std 1149.1 Digital Boundary-ScanIEEE Std 1149.4 Analog Boundary-ScanIEEE Std 1149.6 Advanced I/O TestingIEEE Std 1149.8.1 Passive Component TestingIEEE Std 1149.1-2013 The 2013 Revision of 1149.1IEEE Std 1532 In-System ConfigurationIEEE Std 1149.6-2015 The 2015 Revision of 1149.6
A landmark guide in digital system design, Embedded Core Design with FPGAs equips today's computer engineers with everything they need to design embedded cores and apply those cores in a state-of-the-art embedded system. This practical resource brings together logic design, computer architecture, Verilog, FPGAs, Hardware/Software design, and SoCs, explaining how engineers can draw on their computer engineering background to achieve cutting-edge embedded designs.
Renowned design expert and educator Zainalabedin Navabi first covers the basics of logic design, RT Level Verilog, computer architectures, and the architecture of modern field programmable devices. He then explores the design of utility cores that are used for high-level core-based designs, with specific focus on existing Altera cores. Finally, he describes higher-end design methodologies, including design of hardware/software systems, CPU configurations, embedded systems, and the utilization of various Altera Nios II processors.
Embedded Core Design with FPGAs features:A full array of design aids, including Verilog, FPLD structures, design and programming environments, and software and hardware tools The latest embedded system design techniques, including use of high-level integrated environments, SOPC development tools, utilizing existing processor cores, and developing your own customized processor A clear focus on utilizing Altera's new DE series and UP3 development boards and design software, including SOPC Builder and IDE software design environment
Master Every Aspect of Embedded Core Design-- High-Level Hardware/Software Design Concepts:High-Level System Design Methodology RT Level Logic Design RT Level Verilog Computer Hardware and Software Programming Languages FPGA Architecture and Utilization
FPGA-Based Design of Embedded Cores: Implementation of Basic Interface Components Configurable Cores Custom Cores CPU Cores Core-Based System Design Using Development Boards for Prototyping
System Design with Processor Cores: Design with a Customer Embedded CPU Embedded Core DSP Application Embedded Microcontroller with Keyboard and Display Interfaces Using Embedded Design Hardware and Software Tools Nios II Processor Nios II-Based Hardware/Software System Design
The book outlines the technical predicament facing state-of-the-art CMOS technology development, due to the effect of ever-increasing process-induced random/intrinsic variation in transistor performance at the sub-30-nm technology nodes. Therefore, the physical understanding of process-induced random/intrinsic variations and the technical solutions to address these issues plays a key role in new CMOS technology development. This book aims to provide the reader with a deep understanding of the major random variation sources, and the characterization of each random variation source. Furthermore, the book presents various CMOS device designs to surmount the random variation in future CMOS technology, emphasizing the applications to SRAM.
Practical Applications in Digital Signal Processing is the first DSP title to address the area that even the excellent engineering textbooks of today tend to omit. This book fills a large portion of that omission by addressing circuits and system applications that most design engineers encounter in the modern signal processing industry.
This book includes original work in the areas of Digital Data Locked Loops (DLLs), Digital Automatic Gain Control (dAGC), and the design of fast elastic store memory used for synchronizing independently clocked asynchronous data bit streams. It also contains detailed design discussions on Cascaded Integrator Comb (CIC) filters, including the seldom-covered topic of bit pruning. Other topics not extensively covered in other modern textbooks, but detailed here, include analog and digital signal tuning, complex-to-real conversion, the design of digital channelizers, and the techniques of digital frequency synthesis. This book also contains an appendix devoted to the techniques of writing mixed-language C\C++ Fortran programs. Finally, this book contains very extensive review material covering important engineering mathematical tools such as the Fourier series, the Fourier transform, the z transform, and complex variables.
Features of this book include
• Thorough coverage of the complex-to-real conversion of digital signals
• A complete tutorial on digital frequency synthesis
• Lengthy discussion of analog and digital tuning and signal translation
• Detailed coverage of the design of elastic store memory
• A comprehensive study of the design of digital data locked loops
• Complete coverage of the design of digital channelizers
• A detailed treatment on the design of digital automatic gain control
• Detailed techniques for the design of digital and multirate filters
• Extensive coverage of the CIC filter, including the topic of bit pruning
• An extensive review of complex variables
• An extensive review of the Fourier series, and continuous and discrete Fourier transforms
• An extensive review of the z transform
The book helps the reader understand the process they are using for their cleaning application and why the selected process works. For example, discussion of the mechanism and physics of contamination, metal, particle and organic includes information on particle removal, metal passivation, hydrogen-terminated silicon and other processes that engineers experience in their working environment. In addition, the handbook assists the reader in understanding analytical methods for evaluating contamination.
The book is arranged in an order that segments the various cleaning techniques, aqueous and dry processing. Sections include theory, chemistry and physics first, then go into detail for the various methods of cleaning, specifically particle removal and metal removal, amongst others.Focuses on cleaning techniques including wet, plasma and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuitsReliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industriesCovers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process
In the decade since High-Speed VLSI Interconnections was firstpublished, several major developments have taken place in thefield. Now, updated to reflect these advancements, this SecondEdition includes new information on copper interconnections,nanotechnology circuit interconnects, electromigration in thecopper interconnections, parasitic inductances, and RLC models forcomprehensive analysis of interconnection delays andcrosstalk.
Each chapter is designed to exist independently or as a part of onecoherent unit, and several appropriate exercises are provided atthe end of each chapter, challenging the reader to gain furtherinsight into the contents being discussed. Chapter subjectsinclude:
Parasitic Resistances, Capacitances, and Inductances
Electromigration-Induced Failure Analysis
High-Speed VLSI Interconnections, Second Edition is anindispensable reference for high-speed VLSI designers, RF circuitdesigners, and advanced students of electrical engineering.
Jitter, noise, and bit error (JNB) and signal integrity (SI) have become today‘s greatest challenges in high-speed digital design. Now, there’s a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to overcoming these challenges, direct from Dr. Mike Peng Li, cochair of the PCI Express jitter standard committee.
One of the field’s most respected experts, Li has brought together the latest theory, analysis, methods, and practical applications, demonstrating how to solve difficult JNB and SI problems in both link components and complete systems. Li introduces the fundamental terminology, definitions, and concepts associated with JNB and SI, as well as their sources and root causes. He guides readers from basic math, statistics, circuit and system models all the way through final applications. Emphasizing clock and serial data communications applications, he covers JNB and SI simulation, modeling, diagnostics, debugging, compliance testing, and much more.
This book brings together an international team of experts from the fields of materials science, nanotechnology and dentistry, to explain these new materials and their applications for the restoration, fixation, replacement, or regeneration of hard and soft tissues in and about the oral cavity and craniofacial region.
The main topics covered include applications in dental specialties (Orthodontics, Endodontics, Pediatric dentistry, Periodontics, Prosthodontics and Implant dentistry), salivary diagnostics using bioMEMS/NEMS systems, nanochips for oral cancer diagnosis, biomimetic nanomaterials, and nanotechnology for tooth repair and regeneration.
The editors' previous book, Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry focused on the fabrication/manufacturing processes of materials and dentistry applications. This second book complements the first covers with coverage of the range of nanomaterials available today in clinical dentistry, explaining the innovative techniques and applications in all of the main clinical dental specialties.
Nanobiomaterial engineers, biomedical researchers, biomedical engineers and dental/oral pre-clinical and clinical researchers will find the comprehensive coverage essential for working with nanotechnologies and materials in both clinical and research settings.Book prepared by an interdisciplinary and international group of scientists and practitioners in the fields of nanomaterials, dental implants, medical devices and clinical practiceComprehensive professional reference for the subject covering materials fabrication and use of materials for all major diagnostic and therapeutic dental applications – repair, restoration, regeneration, implants and preventionComplements the editors' previous book on nanotechnology applications for dentistry
Clear methodologies that grant protection from latchup, withinsight into the physics, technology and circuit issues involved,are in increasing demand.
This book describes CMOS and BiCMOS semiconductor technology andtheir sensitivity to present day latchup phenomena, from basicover-voltage and over-current conditions, single event latchup(SEL) and cable discharge events (CDE), to latchup dominophenomena. It contains chapters focusing on bipolar physics,latchup theory, latchup and guard ring characterization structures,characterization testing, product level test systems, product leveltesting and experimental results. Discussions on state-of-the-artsemiconductor processes, design layout, and circuit level andsystem level latchup solutions are also included, as well as:latchup semiconductor process solutions for both CMOS toBiCMOS, such as shallow trench, deep trench, retrograde wells,connecting implants, sub-collectors, heavily-doped buriedlayers, and buried grids – from single- to triple-wellCMOS; practical latchup design methods, automated and bench-levellatchup testing methods and techniques, latchup theory of logarithmresistance space, generalized alpha (a) space, beta (b)space, new latchup design methods– connecting the theoreticalto the practical analysis, and;examples of latchup computer aided design (CAD)methodologies, from design rule checking (DRC) andlogical-to-physical design, to new latchup CAD methodologiesthat address latchup for internal and external latchup on a localas well as global design level.
Latchup acts as a companion text to the author’sseries of books on ESD (electrostatic discharge) protection,serving as an invaluable reference for the professionalsemiconductor chip and system-level ESD engineer. Semiconductordevice, process and circuit designers, and quality, reliability andfailure analysis engineers will find it informative on the issuesthat confront modern CMOS technology. Practitioners in theautomotive and aerospace industries will also find it useful. Inaddition, its academic treatment will appeal to both senior andgraduate students with interests in semiconductor process, devicephysics, computer aided design and design integration.
Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications.
Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons.Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-upDetails how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systemsHighlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection
Each chapter of this book is centered around projects that incorporate that particular microcontroller topic. Each project includes schematics, code, and illustrations of a working project.
Program a range of AVR chipsExtend and re-use other people’s code and circuitsInterface with USB, I2C, and SPI peripheral devicesLearn to access the full range of power and speed of the microcontrollerBuild projects including Cylon Eyes, a Square-Wave Organ, an AM Radio, a Passive Light-Sensor Alarm, Temperature Logger, and moreUnderstand what's happening behind the scenes even when using the Arduino IDE
ASIC and FPGA Verification: A Guide to Component Modeling expertly illustrates how ASICs and FPGAs can be verified in the larger context of a board or a system. It is a valuable resource for any designer who simulates multi-chip digital designs.
*Provides numerous models and a clearly defined methodology for performing board-level simulation.
*Covers the details of modeling for verification of both logic and timing.
*First book to collect and teach techniques for using VHDL to model "off-the-shelf" or "IP" digital components for use in FPGA and board-level design verification.
Nanoscience research is also characterized by rapid movement within disciplines. The amount of time it takes wading through papers and chasing down academics is frustrating and wasteful and our reviewers seem to suggest this work would give an excellent starting point for their work. The current source of published data is either in journal articles, which requires highly advanced knowledge of background information, or books on the subject, which can skim over the essential details of preparations. Having a cookbook to hand to flick through and from which you may select a preparation acts as a good source of contact both to researchers and those who supervise them alike.
This book therefore supports fundamental nanoscience experimentation. It is by intention much more user-friendly than traditional published works, which too-frequently assumes state of the art knowledge. Moreover you can pick up this book and find a synthesis to suit your needs without digging through specialist papers or tracking someone down who eventually may or may not be able to help. Once you have used the recipe the book would then act as a reference guide for how to analyze these materials and what to look out for.100+ detailed recipes for synthesis of basic nanostructured materials, enables readers to pick up the book and get started on a preparation immediately.High fidelity images show how preparations should look rather than vague schematics or verbal descriptions.Sequential and user-friendly by design, so the reader won't get lost in overly detailed theory or miss out a step from ignorance. A cookbook, by design and structure the work is easy to use, familiar and compact.
Walk through design step-by-step-from coding through silicon. Partitioning, synthesis, simulation, test benches, combinatorial and sequential designs, and more.
Real World FPGA Design with Verilog guides you through every key challenge associated with designing FPGAs and ASICs using Verilog, one of the world's leading hardware design languages. You'll find irreverent, yet rigorous coverage of what it really takes to translate HDL code into hardware-and how to avoid the pitfalls that can occur along the way. Ken Coffman presents no-frills, real-world design techniques that can improve the stability and reliability of virtually any design. Start by walking a typical Verilog design all the way through to silicon; then, review basic Verilog syntax, design; simulation and testing, advanced simulation, and more. Coverage includes:Essential digital design strategies: recognizing the underlying analog building blocks used to create digital primitives; implementing logic with LUTs; clocking strategies, logic minimization, and more Key engineering tradeoffs, including operating speed vs. latency Combinatorial and sequential designs Verilog test fixtures: compiler directives and automated testing A detailed comparison of alternative architectures and software-including a never-before-published FPGA technology selection checklist
Real World FPGA Design with Verilog introduces libraries and reusable modules, points out opportunities to reuse your own code, and helps you decide when to purchase existing IP designs instead of building from scratch. Essential rules for designing with ASIC conversion in mind are presented.
If you're involved with digital hardware design with Verilog, Ken Coffman is a welcome voice of experience-showing you the shortcuts, helping you over the rough spots, and helping you achieve competence faster than you ever expected!
From the Reviews...
"This handbook will be a valuable resource for many academiclibraries. Many engineering librarians who work with a variety ofprograms (including, but not limited to Materials Engineering)should include this work in their collection. My recommendation isto add this work to any collection that serves a campus with amaterials/manufacturing/electrical/computer engineering programsand campuses with departments of physics and/or chemistry withlarge graduate-level enrollment."
—Randy Wallace, Department Head, Discovery ParkLibrary, University of North Texas
Following a short introduction to the working principles of laser diodes, the book describes the basics of laser diode beams and beam propagation, including Zemax modeling of a Gaussian beam propagating through a lens. The core of the book is concerned with laser diode beam manipulations: collimating and focusing, circularization and astigmatism correction, coupling into a single mode optical fiber, diffractive optics and beam shaping, and manipulation of multi transverse mode beams. The final chapter of the book covers beam characterization methods, describing the measurement of spatial and spectral properties, including wavelength and linewidth measurement techniques.
The book is a significantly revised and expanded version of the title Laser Diode Beam Basics, Manipulations and Characterizations by the same author. New topics introduced in this volume include: laser diode types and working principles, non-paraxial Gaussian beam, Zemax modeling, numerical analysis of a laser diode beam, spectral property characterization methods, and power and energy characterization techniques. The book approaches the subject in a practical way with mathematical content kept to the minimum level required, making the book a convenient reference for laser diode users.