This book explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport. In conditions of relatively low use, cycle users become more closely identified with their means of transport than users of other modes. Such personality-based considerations led to the need initially for the book to explore the cultural development of cycling in countries with high use and the differences in use between different sub-groups of the population. After a consideration of the possible role and function of the private sector, the lessons learned from the book are placed in a socio-political context with a call for required action to create a revolution in cycle use.
French humour is examined in a number of contexts: literary, filmic, linguistic, propagandistic and theoretical. The fields of study vary from medieval narrative to the contemporary detective novel, via Renaissance fiction, seventeenth-century satire, nineteenth-century polemic, and French New Wave cinema. Specific chapters are dedicated to Rabelais, La Bruyere, Bergson, Beckett and San-Antonio. The volume employs a flexible approach aiming to re-examine and question such established preconceptions as the decadence of fifteenth-century humour, the philosophical pre-eminence of Bergson, the originality of Truffaut, Chabrol and Godard, and the very existence of a French humour which is definably different from that of other European and American trends. Conversely, the themes of sexual and marital humour, Rabelaisian bawdy, intellectualised and irreverent wit, le comique (as contrast l'humour), political satire and black humour emerge repeatedly as characteristic, if not definitive, of the French comic tradition.
Pointing the way to the future of research and development in relation to cycling as a mode of transport, this book investigates some of the significant recent developments in the technology, provision for, and take up of cycling in various parts of the world. Tensions at the heart of the nature of cycling remain: on the one hand cycling is frequently viewed as being a risky activity, while on the other hand it is seen as being a way of allowing populations to live healthier lives. Reviewing this dichotomy, the authors in this book consider the ways that cycling is planned and promoted. This is done partly in relation to these issues of risk and health, but also from the broader perspective of behavioural response to the changing nature of cycling. A section on methodologies is also included which outlines the current state-of-the art and points a way to future research.