The new edition includes:
-new information on diagnostic evaluation-resources for families and adult children who care for people with dementia-updated legal and financial information-the latest information on nursing homes and other communal living arrangements-new information on research, medications, and the biological causes and effects of dementia
Also available in a large print edition
Praise for The 36-Hour Day:
Featuring useful takeaway messages and informed by recent research into the causes of and the search for therapies to prevent or cure dementia, this edition includes new information on
• devices to make life simpler and safer for people who have dementia• strategies for delaying behavioral and neuropsychiatric symptoms• changes in Medicare and other health care insurance laws• palliative care, hospice care, durable power of attorney, and guardianship• dementia due to traumatic brain injury• choosing a residential care facility• support groups for caregivers, friends, and family members
The central idea underlying the book—that much can be done to improve the lives of people with dementia and of those caring for them—remains the same. The 36-Hour Day is the definitive dementia care guide.-- Jeffrey Cummings, MD, ScD, Director, Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health
Natural Hormone Balance for Women is Dr. Reiss's breakthrough, step-by-step program for women who want to take control of their lives by restoring hormonal balance. This revolutionary, commonsense natural hormone replacement program is designed to meet the individual needs of most women looking to rejuvenate body and mind—and offers astounding benefits for women of all ages:
More energy and stamina * Improved memory * Healthier, more youthful skin * Balanced moods * Less depression and anxiety * Stabilization of weight and more muscle definition * Better sleep patterns * PMS and menopausal symptoms reduced or eliminated * Enhanced sexuality
Dr. Reiss takes the confusion out of the medical information you need to know. In clear, nontechnical language, he thoroughly explains:
-the important difference between standard chemical hormone prescriptions and natural hormone replacements
-which hormone replacements are best for you and how to adjust them to your maximum individual benefit
-how to take hormones without worry
-how to choose the most effective hormonal gel, cream, pill, or sublingual drops, and when to use them.
Dr. Reiss has helped thousands of women transform their lives by achieving natural hormone balance. Now you can tap into the replenishing "fountain of youthfulness" that is not only essential for better life, but easier and safer to achieve than ever before.
"Overall this is a useful, well written, practical elderly medicine book, ideal for use in primary care. It is reasonable priced and an excellent addition to the bookshelf, virtual or real". Reviewed by: Dr Harry Brown, July 2014Effectively treat your geriatric patients, and provide helpful guidance to their families, through engaging geriatric case studies that illustrate the principles and key clinical information you need.Form a definitive diagnosis and create the best treatment plans possible using the evidence-based medicine guidelines throughout.Find the information you need quickly and efficiently with a 2-color layout and consistent format, and test your knowledge with USMLE-style questions in every chapter.Offer your geriatric patients the most up-to-date treatment options available with six new chapters addressing Principles of Primary Care of Older Adults, Interprofessional Team Care, Billing and Coding, Frailty, Pressure Ulcers, and Anemia. Access the complete geriatric text online anytime, anywhere at Expert Consult, along with an online Cognitive Status Assessment with four tests and patient teaching guides, a dermatology quiz, and informative videos on Gait and Balance and Dizziness.
This edition of the Handbook consists of 39 chapters written by 67 internationally recognized experts in the field of aging. It is organized in seven sections, reflecting the major theoretical developments in gerontology over the past 10 years.
Comprehensive coverage of aging theory, focusing on the biological, psychological, and social aspects of agingA section dedicated to discussing how aging theory informs public policy A concluding chapter summarizing the major themes of aging, and offering predictions about the future of theory development
Required reading for graduate students and post doctoral fellows, this textbook represents the current status of theoretical development in the study of aging.
There is an unspoken dark side of American medicine--keeping patients alive at any price. Two thirds of Americans die in healthcare institutions, tethered to machines and tubes at bankrupting costs, even though research shows that most prefer to die at home in comfort, surrounded by loved ones.
Dr. Angelo E. Volandes believes that a life well lived deserves a good ending. Through the stories of seven patients and seven very different end-of-life experiences, he demonstrates that what people with a serious illness, who are approaching the end of their lives, need most is not new technologies but one simple thing: The Conversation. He argues for a radical re-envisioning of the patient-doctor relationship and offers ways for patients and their families to talk about this difficult issue to ensure that patients will be at the center and in charge of their medical care.
It might be the most important conversation you ever have.
In this readable guide to common conditions that affect the foot and ankle, podiatrists Jonathan D. Rose and Vincent J. Martorana outline the professional and self-care treatment options available. What works for one person’s foot pain does not necessarily work for someone else’s, so Doctors Rose and Martorana discuss proper foot care practices in a way that helps readers make good decisions about which treatment option will work best for them.
Often called a marvel of biomedical engineering, the human foot is a complex and astonishingly versatile part of our anatomy. This book addresses the entire foot, inside and out, describing in plain English its special design characteristics and biomechanical operations. Everything is covered—from corns and calluses to cancer and skin and nail problems, including special sections on children’s feet, sports injuries, footwear, and orthotics.
The Foot Book is an all-inclusive resource for everyone suffering from foot and ankle disorders, as well as physicians and other medical personnel who care for them.
for the Adult-Gerontology and Family Nurse Practitioner Certification exams!
Adult-Gerontology and Family Nurse Practitioner Self-Assessment and Exam Review is the perfect way to prepare for the Adult-Gerontology and Family Nurse Certification exams. This powerful study guide delivers everything you need to pass in one convenient resource: clinical pearls, learning objectives, exam tips, comprehensive practice exams, and clinical cases. The user-friendly, time-efficient format conveniently condenses and simplifies must-know, high-yield content most relevant to passing the exam and real-world clinical practice.
· Chapters are an engaging mix of Q&A and narrative, leading you step-by-step through the process of presentation of symptoms to treatment and referral
· Includes exam tips and clinical pearls for exam success and real-world application
· Covers all major content areas of the exam blueprints for both the AANP and ANCC
· Up-to-date coverage of critical issues in NP practice, including coordination of care, health promotion/disease prevention, therapeutic communication, standards of practice, and current health care policy issues
· Clinical cases demonstrate how the content can be applied to actual patient situations
Fitness Test enhanced e-book editions now available!
Through an integrated text and video combination, Senior Fitness Test Manual, Second Edition
(Enhanced), offers the most
comprehensive and reliable test battery for assessing physical fitness in
adults ages 60 and older. The tests in this resource assist health practitioners
and fitness and rehabilitation specialists in identifying weaknesses that cause
mobility problems, developing exercise programs that improve functional
fitness, preventing future mobility issues, and evaluating progress.
Fitness Test (SFT) is a simple, economical method of assessing the physical
attributes that older adults need in order to perform daily activities. It
consists of seven tests—covering lower- and upper-body strength, aerobic
endurance, lower- and upper-body flexibility, agility, and balance—that can be
conducted with minimal space, equipment, and technical requirements.
presents clear instructions on preparing and administering the tests and
interpreting and using the test results. Video clips are integrated right into
the text to provide even futher instruction and full visual demonstrations of
test protocols, including setup, execution, safety, evaluation, and
modification of testing protocols
to accommodate clients’ limitations.
The second edition of the Senior
Fitness Test Manual has been expanded to include ways to modify test
protocols for older adults with limiting conditions and offers more in-depth information on improving test scores, including
illustrated instructions for exercises that can be prescribed to seniors to
help them improve their fitness.
addition, the manual retains national normative data based on age and sex for
over 7,000 adults ages 60 to 94, and it now includes criterion-referenced,
clinically relevant fitness standards. These new criterion-referenced standards
allow practitioners and older adults to identify the test scores at a specific
age that are correlated with maintaining adequate functional mobility into the
90s, providing a new and deeper understanding of the test scores. This allows
practitioners and their clients to focus on maintaining or improving functional
fitness with customized goals meant to preserve and improve individual
In Ethical Foundations of Palliative Care for Alzheimer Disease, leading ethicists and clinicians from the United States and Europe explore ethical and scientific concerns about the diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer disease, challenges arising from applying palliative procedures to its symptoms, key philosophical and theological concepts central to our understanding of the disease and to end-of-life decisions, and the changing patterns of relevant medical, social, and economic policies. Cross-cultural, multidisciplinary, and state-of-the-art, this volume is a unique and important resource for bioethicists, clinicians, and policy makers everywhere.
Contributors: David A. Bennahum, M.D., University of New Mexico; Pierre Boitte, Ph.D., Catholic University of Lille, France; Roger A. Brumback, M.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Wim J. M. Dekkers, M.D., Ph.D., University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Elizabeth Furlong, R.N., Ph.D., J.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Eugenijus Gefenas, M.D., Ph.D., Vilnius University, Lithuania; Bert Gordijn, Ph.D., University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Amy M. Haddad, R.N., Ph.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Søren Holm, M.D., Ph.D., Dr.Med.Sci., University of Manchester; Franz J. Illhardt, D.D., Ph.D., Freiburg University; Rien Janssens, Ph.D., University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Givi Javashvili, M.D., Ph.D., State Medical Academy of Georgia, Tbilisi; Judith Lee Kissell, Ph.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Gunilla Nordenram, D.D.S., Ph.D., Karolinska Institute, Stockholm; Richard L. O'Brien, M.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Marcel G. M. Olde Rikkert, M.D., Ph.D., University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Winifred J. Ellenchild Pinch, R.N., Ed.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Patricio F. Reyes, M.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Anne-Sophie Rigaud, M.D., Ph.D., Hôpital Broca, Paris; Linda S. Scheirton, Ph.D., Creighton University Medical Center; Jos V. M. Welie, M.Med.S., J.D., Ph.D., Creighton University Medical Center.
The timely publication of Medical Management of Vulnerable and Underserved Patients: Principles, Practice and Populations, Second Edition is designed to clarify current issues and instruct you in best practices and compliance with legislation, such as the Affordable Care Act, when caring for patients living with chronic diseases in poor and minority populations. How do these laws affect you, your practice, and patient care?
Medical Management of Vulnerable and Underserved Patients is ideally suited for clinical and educational programs and policy-oriented institutions concerned with addressing health disparities and caring for the underserved and vulnerable patient. Comprehensive in scope and authored by many of the leading names in the field, the book takes complex concepts and issues and helps you understand them, resulting in a “roadmap” to guide real-world applications and compliance with the terms of the law. Each chapter integrates key concepts, core competencies, and common pitfalls and concludes with useful lists of web resources and stimulating discussion questions.
From the reviews of the First Edition:
"This book is an ambitious and important contribution to the care of our most wounded patients. For those of us who regularly care for vulnerable patients, it provides an excellent resource and supportive guide. However, it should also become part of the standard library for all medical students and practicing physicians. All physicians have much to learn from the practical, evidence-based approaches to the societal issues we all face in practice. Ultimately, this is a book that could help all clinicians take better care of all patients, especially those who may need extra help and support as they navigate our complex health care system." -- New England Journal of Medicine
The Second Edition features:Fully revised to reflect passage and impact of the Affordable Care Act on care of underserved patients Expanded with major new chapters, from Health Quality to Rural Healthcare, and additional content relevant to nursing Focused on evidence-based practice with a patient-centered approach Full color format Boxed main points and Practical "Pearls,” such as how to write a disability letter PowerPoint slides and question sets, exercises, and cases to aid instruction
Being Mortal, written by Atul Gawande, brings to light an array of concepts involving death, mortality, aging, and terminal illness. Gawande includes extensive research and chronicles the stories of his patients, other doctors’ patients, and his own family members. The resulting book informs readers about many circumstances and scenarios that can help people find the best route through their or their family members’ final days, months, or years…
1. Nursing homes were not created to assist the elderly with their dependency on others or provide a better option than poorhouses. They were created to clear out hospital beds.
2. Assisted living arose from the need for an alternative to nursing homes that could give patients more independence and control over their lives.
3. At the end of their lives, most people want more than to merely survive, which is where medical institutions, nursing homes, and assisted living can fall flat.
4. People need to ask themselves what would make life worth living when they are ill, old, frail, or dependent on others for daily care.
PLEASE NOTE: This is key takeaways and analysis of the book and NOT the original book.
Inside this Instaread of Being Mortal:
• Key Takeaways of the book
• Introduction to the important people in the book
• Analysis of the Key Takeaways
- Inflammatory conditions (including contact dermatitis, alopecia, erythema multiforme, pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, porphyria, pruritus, psoriasis, rosacea, seborrhea, urticaria, xerosis, and more)
- Infections (fungus, herpes simplex and zoster, scabies, lice, and warts)
- Skin signs in systemic disease (skin tags, cutaneous metastases, xanthomas)
- Regional dermatoses (intertrigo, leg ulcers, pressure sores)
- Benign tumors (chondrodermatitis, cysts, ganglion, fibrous papule, seborrheic keratoses, lentigines, and benign vascular lesions)
- Pre-malignant and malignant tumors (actinic keratoses, angiosarcoma, basal cell carcinoma, dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, intraepidermal neoplasia, Kaposi's sarcoma, keratoacanthoma, lentigo maligna, cutaneous lymphoma, Mycosis fiungoides, melanoma, nevi and moles, and squamous cell carcinoma)
The molecular and cellular approaches toward the relationship of joint and bone problems distinguish this from other books on osteoarthritis or skeletal medicine. Emphasis on genetics and on newer viewpoints and approaches, exemplified by the possible effect of subchondral bone on osteoarthritis, gives a wider viewpoint to the reader and may make possible novel approaches to solving a clinical problem. The book will therefore also interest experienced specialists, thereby broadening readership. Authors are internationally recognized experts in their field.
Topics discussed include the role of bone in osteoarthritis, ranging from basic cell and molecular biology to genetics and biomechanics. How this information may be used for new treatment approaches will also be covered.
This book, intended for students, researchers and clinicians, provides information that enables the novice to become oriented and the practitioner to update knowledge. No other book combines information on the relationship of bone to the development of osteoarthritis, or treats the pathophysiology of joints in the same way. This volume, like the others in Topics in Bone Biology series, encompasses aspects of many specialties, including rheumatology, orthopedics, endocrinology, oncology, dentistry, geriatrics, nursing and chiropractic medicine.
This is a useful book that deserves to do well. I hope that the editors and their publisher will have the stamina to make this the first of several editions, as it is clear that updated information about surgery in the elderly will be required to keep pace with this important field." NEJM Book Review
The Driving Dilemma is a comprehensive resource for older drivers and their families facing questions about driving safety. Dr. Dugan provides clear, useful information about the effects of age, medical conditions, and medications on driving. She offers practical advice on how to discuss this issue with loved ones. Such talks can be difficult, and the book provides not only the facts, but also a research-based approach to communication, with useful sample dialogue scripts that will help you discuss driving with your loved ones. Also included are state-by-state listings of available resources, making this book a total information source for families.
Alzheimer’s disease is a reality in millions of lives and a serious concern for seniors and their loved ones. In developed countries where people are living longer than ever before, the incidence of Alzheimer’s is reaching epidemic proportions, according to the World Health Organization. For families, sufferers, and caregivers, the need for reliable, clear, and concrete information has never been greater.
Alzheimer’s Disease: The Complete Introduction is a comprehensive guide to the disease and its effects: getting a diagnosis, the ways it can progress and be managed, strategies for supporting sufferers and accessing care, legal concerns, and more. This guide addresses every aspect of the disease from the first doctor’s visit to the long-term measures that can drastically improve the lives of sufferers and those close to them.
Inside, you will find:
Written by two medical experts, this guide is intended for all. It aims to demystify the disease and provide a clear path to reclaiming stability and quality of life. Finally, it explains the real progress that has been made over the past five years in treatment and prevention.
The editors first provide an introductory overview comparing caregiving in GLBT and normative aging communities. In chapters devoted to the issues of each alternative sexuality and gender identity community, top experts in the field discuss biomedical, psychological, social/sexual, spiritual, socioeconomic, and service topics related to that community's aging needs.
GLBT populations face unique challenges as they age. Despite the often severe difficulties they encounter, many live out their final years with the dignity and grace that all of us deserve. With a combination of the latest biological and social science research, moving case studies and first-person accounts, practical advice for health professionals, and research literature citations, this book represents a major step forward in addressing concerns of aging GLBT populations.
Integrating research, practice, and policy, this text is for students and professionals in gerontology, medicine, social work, psychology, nursing, public health, and related fields who wish to learn more about the life experiences and concerns of sexual- and gender-minority-identified older patients.-- W. Andrew Achenbaum, University of Houston
Over the past decade, Hadler has established himself as a leading voice among those who approach the menu of health-care choices with informed skepticism. Only the rigorous demonstration of efficacy is adequate reassurance of a treatment's value, he argues; if it cannot be shown that a particular treatment will benefit the patient, one should proceed with caution. In Rethinking Aging, Hadler offers a doctor's perspective on the medical literature as well as his long clinical experience to help readers assess their health-care options and make informed medical choices in the last decades of life. The challenges of aging and dying, he eloquently assures us, can be faced with sophistication, confidence, and grace.
When Sue Halpern decided to emulate the ﬁrst modern scientist of memory, Hermann Ebbinghaus, who experimented on himself, she had no idea that after a day of radioactive testing, her brain would become so “hot” that leaving through the front door of the lab would trigger the alarm. This was not the ﬁrst time while researching Can’t Remember What I Forgot, part of which appeared in The New Yorker, that Halpern had her head examined, nor would it be the last.
Halpern spent years in the company of the neuroscientists, pharmacologists, psychologists, nutritionists, and inventors who are hunting for the genes and molecules, the drugs and foods, the machines, the prosthetics, the behaviors and therapies that will stave off Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia and keep our minds–and memories–intact. Like many of us who have had a relative or friend succumb to memory loss, who are getting older, who are hearing statistics about our own chances of falling victim to dementia, who worry that each lapse of memory portends disease, Halpern wanted to ﬁnd out what the experts really knew, what the bench scientists were working on, how close science is to a cure, to treatment, to accurate early diagnosis, and, of course, whether the crossword puzzles, sudokus, and ballroom dancing we’ve been told to take up can really keep us lucid or if they’re just something to do before the inevitable overtakes us.
Beautifully written, sharply observed, and deeply informed, Can’t Remember What I Forgot is a book full of vital information–and a solid dose of hope.
From the Hardcover edition.
The book is divided into three general sections:
1. Nutriceuticals and Botanicals in Health Promotion - including Specific Nutriceuticals Used in Treating Aged; and General Nutraceutical Approaches to Therapy with emphasis on cancer. 2. Non-nutritional CAM Therapies – including Mind-mediated Therapies; and Physically Applied CAM Therapies 3. Non-dietary Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use and Benefits to the Elderly in HealthIdentifies the important nutritional requirements of the aging population, and how nutraceuticals and other CAM options affect thoseAddresses the many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, including cancer, trauma, or infectious disease that can alter intakes of nutraceutical containing foods and/or requirements for various nutrients. Explores the nutritional materials botanical extracts and components that can have important health promotion benefits and risks, to ensure safe consumption Reviews the frequently used non-traditional and often unproven CAM therapies, beyond nutritional and nutraceutical supplements, including a variety of physical and psychosocial treatments.
People today live longer than ever before. This increasing longevity is of vital importance - a unique opportunity to plan constructively for one's later years. This book can help you to do so.
- Have you thought seriously about preparing for the later part of your life?
- Do you know how to cope with disabilities which may occur as you grow older?
- Are you caring for, or considering caring for, an elderly person? If so, do you know what is involved, and how to manage?
This book provides detailed practical advice which can help you and someone you care for to "live better, live longer."
The 6th edition of the Handbook is considerably changed from the previous edition. Half of the chapters are on new topics and the remaining half are on returning subjects that are entirely new presentations by different authors of new material. Some of the exciting new topics include Contributions of Cognitive Neuroscience to Understanding Behavior and Aging, Everyday Problem Solving and Decision Making, Autobiographical Memory, and Religion and Health Late in Life.
The Handbook will be of use to researchers and professional practitioners working with the aged. It is also suitable for use as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses on the psychology of aging.
The Handbook of the Psycology of Aging, Sixth Edition is part of the Handbooks on Aging series, including Handbook of the Biology of Aging and Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, also in their 6th editions.
More and more elderly patients will seek care for a variety of skin conditions, ranging from eczema and psoriasis to benign lesions and skin cancers. For environmental and physiological reasons, all such conditions become more prevalent in the elderly and the effects of treatment more problematic.
Following an initial chapter on how skin changes with age, the authors discuss in turn inflammatory, neoplastic, infectious and metabolic/nutritional diseases of the skin, plus skin signs of systemic disease in old age.
Skin Diseases of the Elderly is written in a concise structured style and illustrated by a wealth of top quality color photos. it is intended to help dermatologists in practice and training, geriatricians, primary care physicians, specialist nurses and senior medical students.
Currently, there is no comprehensive book on nutrition in terminal or palliative care that is suitable for novices and experts alike. Diet and Nutrition in Palliative Care addresses this deficiency in the literature. Designed for doctors, nurses, caregivers, and those working within the palliative or end of life domain, each chapter contains sections on applications to other areas of terminal or palliative care, practical methods and techniques, guidelines, key points and ethical issues. The book is divided into six sections:
Setting the Scene Cultural Aspects General Aspects Cancer Non-Cancer Conditions Pharmacological Aspects
Despite the complexity of the correlation between diet and disease, there is now a sufficient body of evidence to encourage applying nutritional science in everyday clinical practice. Increasingly, a strong interest and up-to-date knowledge and understanding of scientific studies on nutrition enables clinicians to help patients under their care more effectively at every stage of their illness. In response to this need, this handbook presents important information on the holistic use of nutrition and diet therapy in palliative care.
Overhead Arm Raise
Back Leg Raise
Side Leg Raise
Stand on One Foot
Shoulder and Upper Arm Stretch
Keywords: Workout; workout routines; workouts for women; workout plans for men; aging; exercises for older adults; strength; flexibility; how to be more flexible; flexibility exercises; balance; balance exercises for elderly; health and fitness; home workout routines;
Please also check out Understanding Alzheimer's Disease: What you need to know as another authoritative companion resource from the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Institute on Aging-- avaialble in the following formats:
ePub format ISBN: 9780160930157
Standard Web PDF ISBN: 9780160930164
Keywords: memory loss; forgetfulness; memory problems; cognitive impairment; mild cognitive impairment; MCI; Alzheimer's disease; dementia; vascular dementia; depression; emotional problems
Please also check out Understanding Memory Loss: What to do when you have trouble remembering, as another authoritative
resource from the U.S. National Institutes of Health and U.S. National Institute on Aging availabe in the following formats:
ePub ISBN: 9780160930133
Standard Web PDF ISBN: 9780160930140
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; memory problems; dementia; causes; symptoms; treatments; caregiving help
Based on an exhaustive literature review, and the results from six original researches on long-term care expenditures in Japan (LTCE) conducted during a doctoral program, the book provides a comprehensive view in analyzing trends and factors associated with increasing expenditures in the Long-Term Care Insurance system in Japan.
The book address relevant topics such as; the main socio-demographic changes experienced by the Japanese society during the last three decades, predictors of the LTCE, measuring efficiency in nursing homes, the impact of the LTCI 2005-reform to contain expenditures, cost-effectiveness of the in-home and community based services and institutional LTCE in the last year of life. The book end with a discussion on futures challenges and strategies oriented to contribute with the sustainability of LTCI system in Japan.
Geriatric Home-Based Medical Care: Principles and Practice is a valuable resource for geriatricians, geriatric nurses, primary care physicians, social workers, public health officials, and all medical professions who need tools to provide timely, compassionate, and high-quality care for their older adult patients.
The focus of this book is on theoretical issues and empirical findings related to trends and determinants of healthy aging, including factors related to "healthy longevity" of the oldest-old, aged 80 and over. The group is the most rapidly increasing elderly sub-population and is most likely to need assistance in daily living in all countries. Chapters include both longitudinal and cross-sectional data from North America, Europe, and Asia in country-specific studies and cross-national comparisons.
We organized the twenty chapters into four parts. Part I focuses on the definition, components, concepts, measurements, and determinants of healthy aging, and discusses the trends and patterns of disability and healthy life expectancy at the macro level. Part II addresses individual healthy aging, including its biological and socio-demographic aspects. Part III focuses on issues concerning the family and healthy aging, and Part IV explores formal and informal care for healthy aging through governmental policy interventions and community service programs.