To provide safe and secure workplaces for overseas posts, the Dept. of State has built 64 new embassy compounds (NEC) and other facilities since 1999, has 31 ongoing projects, and plans to build at least 90 more. In 2007, State reported the U.S. contractor pool for building NECs had reached its limit and proposed legislation to amend the criteria to qualify for NEC awards. This report examined: (1) how contractor participation in the NEC program changed in recent years; (2) the degree to which State assessed the need for and potential outcomes of its proposed amendment; (3) factors contractors consider when deciding to participate in the program; and (4) actions State has taken to address reported declines in contractor participation. Illus.
The Department of State's Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS) protects people, information, and property at over 400 locations worldwide and has experienced a large growth in its budget and personnel over the last decade. DS trains its workforce and others to address a variety of threats, including crime, espionage, visa and passport fraud, technological intrusions, political violence, and terrorism. This report examined: (1) how DS ensures the quality and appropriateness of its training; (2) the extent to which DS ensures that training requirements are being met; and (3) any challenges that DS faces in carrying out its training mission. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.
Approx. 7,000 peace Corps volunteers currently serve in about 70 countries, where they face a variety of safety and security risks. This report evaluates Peace Corps safety and security policies and practices. It (1) describes rates and trends in crime against volunteers and reviews the agency's system for generating such information; (2) describes the agency's framework for maintaining volunteer safety and security; (3) evaluates the Peace Corps' implementation of this framework; and (4) reviews agency initiatives to improve current practices. The report also describes practices employed by other organizations, such as the Japanese Overseas Cooperation Volunteers, that face safety and security challenges similar to the Peace Corps. Charts and tables.
Over the past 10 years, the U.S. has spent about $20 billion on international drug control and interdiction efforts to reduce the illegal drug supply. This report summarizes the findings on international drug control and interdiction efforts and provides overall observations on (1) the effectiveness of U.S. efforts to combat drug production and the movement of drugs into the U.S., (2) obstacles to implementation of U.S. drug control efforts, and (3) suggestions to improve the operational effectiveness of the U.S. international drug control efforts. Contains recommendations for the Director, Office of National Drug Control Policy. Charts and graphs.
Foreign Service employees from the U.S. Dept. of State (DoS) experience a variety of adverse conditions while assigned to U.S. embassies and consulates that are considered hardship posts (HP). Among these conditions are inadequate med. facilities, few opport. for spousal employ., poor schools, high levels of crime, and severe climate. 60% of 259 diplomatic posts are classified as HP. Many are of strategic interest to the U.S., including those in China, the Middle East, and the former Soviet states. This report reviews DoS's performance in filling positions at HP. It examines: the number, experience, and skills of staff in hardship positions and how these may affect diplomatic readiness; and how well DoS's assignment system is meeting the staffing requirements of HP.
In the early 1980s, the U.S. began helping Latin American countries improve their judicial and law enforcement organizations as a way to support democratic principles and institutions. Since then, the U.S. has also been providing rule of law and related assistance to various other regions of the world. This report examines U.S. rule of law assistance programs and places particular emphasis on rule of law activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Specifically, it identifies: (1) the amount of U.S. rule of law funding provided worldwide (by region and country) in fiscal years 1993-98, and (2) the U.S. departments and agencies involved in providing rule of law assistance. Charts and tables.
Examines the econ. and democratic assist. that the U.S. has provided to the Central Asian Republics (CAR) of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Rep., Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. With the break up of the USSR in 1991, the U.S. has provided a broad foreign assist. prog. to these republics, including develop. of market-oriented economies. This report determines: (1) what the USAID econ. and democratic reform initiatives in CAR were designed to achieve; what has been accomplished; and what factors, if any, have limited the implementation of reforms; and (2) whether lessons learned from similar USAID programs have been applied in CAR. Charts and tables.
In FY 2001, State Dept. consular officers issued 7.6 million visas to citizens of other countries seeking to enter the U.S. temp'y. for bus., tourism, and other reasons. Because all 19 of the 9/11 terrorist hijackers were issued visas, strengthening the visa function as an antiterrorism tool has taken on great significance. This report assesses: how the visa process operated prior to 9/11; and what changes have occurred since then to strengthen the process as a screen against terrorists. Analyzed the factors influencing visa decisions, including the policies and guidance for, and pressures on, consular officers; the U.S. government's process for checking visa applicants against available security and intelligence data; and staffing and resource issues. Charts and tables.
Since 9/11, some have voiced concern that terrorists or other criminals may exploit one of the U.S. visa programs -- the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) -- to enter the U.S. The program enables citizens of 28 participating countries to travel to the U.S. for tourism or business for 90 days or less without first obtaining a visa. This report reviews the VWP, including the process for assessing countries' eligibility to participate in the program. Determines the implications -- specifically those affecting national security, foreign relations, tourism, and State Dept. resources -- of eliminating the program. These VWP countries were visited: Belgium, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, Uruguay, and Argentina. Maps, charts and tables.