The first stage of carious attack is the formation of dental plaque on certain surfaces of the tooth. The micro-organisms of normal oral microbial flora accumulate on the pellicle (formed from saliva) on tooth surfaces, and the formation of dental plaque starts.
The measurements of electrical activity are usually sensitive but, as far as the aetiology of the lesion is concerned, non-specific.
The investigations are labour-intensive, and they are consultations by nature.
Some of the investigations are uncomfortable for the patient. Neurophysiological investigations are therefore not suitable for screening purposes.
Provide the expectant mother with information and guidance regarding the pregnancy, childbirth and care of the newborn.
Offer a wide range of psychosocial support and identify the need of such support; attention should be paid to the life situation and well-being of the parents and the whole family, as well as factors contributing to or possibly decreasing the quality of life the changes in family relations and resources brought about by the baby. Identify any health risks to the foetus or mother so that any problems can be duly attended to, either at the antenatal clinic or by specialist intervention. Provide routine care of various illnesses and complaints. Identify situations which require specialist health care.
In the DSM-IV, personality disorders are classified into three main clusters. Cluster A: paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. These persons often appear odd or eccentric. Cluster B: antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders. These persons are often dramatic, impulsive and emotionally unstable. Cluster C: avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive disorders. These persons are often anxious or phobic.
We live in a world of great and increasing complexity, where even the most expert professionals struggle to master the tasks they face. Longer training, ever more advanced technologies—neither seems to prevent grievous errors. But in a hopeful turn, acclaimed surgeon and writer Atul Gawande finds a remedy in the humblest and simplest of techniques: the checklist. First introduced decades ago by the U.S. Air Force, checklists have enabled pilots to fly aircraft of mind-boggling sophistication. Now innovative checklists are being adopted in hospitals around the world, helping doctors and nurses respond to everything from flu epidemics to avalanches. Even in the immensely complex world of surgery, a simple ninety-second variant has cut the rate of fatalities by more than a third.
In riveting stories, Gawande takes us from Austria, where an emergency checklist saved a drowning victim who had spent half an hour underwater, to Michigan, where a cleanliness checklist in intensive care units virtually eliminated a type of deadly hospital infection. He explains how checklists actually work to prompt striking and immediate improvements. And he follows the checklist revolution into fields well beyond medicine, from disaster response to investment banking, skyscraper construction, and businesses of all kinds.
An intellectual adventure in which lives are lost and saved and one simple idea makes a tremendous difference, The Checklist Manifesto is essential reading for anyone working to get things right.
Suffering a career-ending, potentially crippling injury to her back and right leg, a young dancer named Elaine Petrone tried everyone from orthopedists to yogis to turn her pain and prognosis around. Nothing worked--until she healed herself through a unique program of therapy and exercise based around the use of two small, squishy balls. From there she turned her passion into a mission that is helping the thousands of people who visit her classes conquer pain, stress, and injury.
Now, for relief for sufferers everywhere, comes The Miracle Ball Method. The work itself is simple. Take a sore back: By resting your aching back on grapefruit-sized balls and letting your body sink into them, you're unworking the muscles that hurt. Pain and tension drain out of the body. Petrone shows how proper breathing (which she demonstrates) works in conjunction with a range of unexercises that call for placing the balls under the back, head, knees, hip, elbow--wherever there's pain--and then resting, rolling, or rotating on them. She points out that relief can come in surprising ways: Lower back pain may be helped by placing the ball under your neck, or a bad knee might be helped by hip work. It's a revolutionary program of relief, from head to toe.
This booklet serves as a guide of basic principles of trunk stabilization and individual exercise positions for self-treatment according to Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS). The DNS concept will help you train optimal trunk stabilization and muscle coordination, which is a fundamental aspect in rehabilitation of any musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. During rehabilitation or any athletic activities, proper trunk stabilization is the first step in prevention of overloading and protection of body during movement activities. Exercising in DNS positions allows for an ideal trunk stabilization with permanent analgesic effect.
Please download this booklet and view a sequence of photographs of DNS self-treatment positions with easy to understand instructions.
As Dr. Jordan Metzl says, "Exercise is medicine." Now he puts that philosophy--along with cutting-edge research and a motivational bedside manner--into a groundbreaking book delivering a head-to-toe list of maladies that affect quality of life for millions. He then offers the specific exercise prescriptions that will help fix them--from type 2 diabetes to depression, from arthritic joints to PMS, from addiction to sleep apnea.
The Exercise Cure received an amazing amount of publicity for its simple approach to weight loss and better health for everyone. The book offers an exhaustive (and exhausting) collection of fun, fat-torching, life-changing workouts that can be tailored to any fitness level.
"Doctors have long focused on the treatment of disease. Now we have a manual that highlights a means of prevention. As Dr. Metzl touts, exercise is one of the world's most effective medicines."
--Sanjay Gupta, MD, chief medical correspondent, CNN
Imagine undergoing an operation without anesthesia performed by a surgeon who refuses to sterilize his tools—or even wash his hands. This was the world of medicine when Thomas Dent Mütter began his trailblazing career as a plastic surgeon in Philadelphia during the middle of the nineteenth century.
Although he died at just forty-eight, Mütter was an audacious medical innovator who pioneered the use of ether as anesthesia, the sterilization of surgical tools, and a compassion-based vision for helping the severely deformed, which clashed spectacularly with the sentiments of his time.
Brilliant, outspoken, and brazenly handsome, Mütter was flamboyant in every aspect of his life. He wore pink silk suits to perform surgery, added an umlaut to his last name just because he could, and amassed an immense collection of medical oddities that would later form the basis of Philadelphia’s Mütter Museum.
Award-winning writer Cristin O’Keefe Aptowicz vividly chronicles how Mütter’s efforts helped establish Philadelphia as a global mecca for medical innovation—despite intense resistance from his numerous rivals. (Foremost among them: Charles D. Meigs, an influential obstetrician who loathed Mütter’s "overly" modern medical opinions.) In the narrative spirit of The Devil in the White City, Dr. Mütter’s Marvels interweaves an eye-opening portrait of nineteenth-century medicine with the riveting biography of a man once described as the "P. T. Barnum of the surgery room."
An inspiring, surprising, sometimes shocking, and ultimately deeply informative memoir of the high-stakes, high-pressured life of a female heart surgeon
Dr. Kathy Magliato is one of the few female heart surgeons practicing in the world today. She is also a member of an even more exclusive group—those surgeons specially trained to perform heart transplants. Heart Matters is the story of the making of a surgeon who is also a wife and mother. In this powerful and moving memoir, which inspired the NBC series Heart Beat, Dr. Magliato takes us into her highly demanding, physically intense, male-dominated world and shows us how she masterfully works to save patients' lives every day, while also maintaining balance at home. Heart Matters is also a wake-up call to all women about their number one killer - heart disease - and explains how to avoid becoming a victim.
Magliato offers a vivid behind-the-scenes view of what really goes on in an operating room and the real-life drama that occurs there. She shows the passion and commitment between patient and doctor, revealing that, at the end of a long day, it's our hearts that matter most.
Widely used by physical therapists, chiropractors and personal trainers, kinesiology tape provides incredible support while simultaneously stretching so your body can perform its normal range of motion. Now you can utilize this amazing material at home. Simply buy a roll at your local drugstore and follow the taping methods described in this book to reduce pain, rehab an injury and get back in the game.
Providing clear step-by-step instructions and helpful photos, the author shows how to tape the most common injuries and conditions anywhere on the body:
• Neck pain
• Frozen shoulder
• Bicep strain
• Tennis elbow
• Wrist sprain
• Tight IT band
• ACL/MCL sprains
• Achilles tendinitis
• Ankle sprain
• Plantar fasciitis