Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Russia, grade: A-, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna - School of International Studies, course: Seminar: Russia, Ukraine and the CEEC, language: English, abstract: The internal state of the army reveals that far-reaching and profound military reform cannot be achieved by pure arms build-up. It becomes clear that a new military strategy and a meaningful military reform plan are needed in order to improve its state. Sustainable change can only be achieved through numerous multi-facetted reforms that reach the military at its core. It is therefore advisable for these reform plans to not only come from the outside (namely the political administration) but additionally be co-developed within the army itself. Only in such way will it be possible to implement them fully and to minimize inefficiency, corruption, vagueness and violence, archaic structures of hierarchy and an attitude that reminds of vested rights. Finally, it has to be mentioned that the picture painted in the course of this paper is a rather negative one as its purpose is to outline weaknesses. Of course, the debated flaws and deficits are problematic and need to be addressed. Nevertheless, experts are divided when it comes to the measurement of the strength of Russia’s military.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Far East, grade: A, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna - School of International Studies, course: International Politics / China, language: English, abstract: The People's Republic of China has risen to become a potential super power of today’s world. Its influence has been growing immensely in many fields. It must therefore be regarded as a major strategic factor in the future world order. Changes in the status quo of the Asian-Pacific are of high significance for global politics. Thus, international political strategies, “long term plan[s] of action designed to achieve [a] particular goal[s]”, have to be adjusted in order to cater to China’s existence as a new main player in the international system. The maintenance of stability in the Asian-Pacific is harder to achieve than in other regions, such as in Europe, for example: The lack of a multilateral system and interlocking institutions is only one reason. Furthermore, there is no significant regional security organization to be found in the Asian-Pacific. What NATO signifies for Europe, namely a body that through its mere existence discourages the initiation of wars of aggression and guarantees security, does not exist for China and its region.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Controlling, Note: 1,0, Munich Business School, 36 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Jahre 1709 setzte sich der deutsche Mönch Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg zum Ziel, dem Elend in Südindien ein Ende zu bereiten. So entwickelte er ein bis zum heutigen Tag bestehendes System nachhaltiger Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe: Die Kinderpatenschaft. Rund 150 Jahre später griff der ebenfalls deutsche Pastor Adolf Kölle dieses Modell der Entwicklungshilfe wieder auf und gründete die Kindernothilfe als erste Kinderpaten- schaftsorganisation. Die gegenwärtig größten professionellen Organisationen, die Patenschaften für Kinder in Entwicklungsländern auf dem deutschen Markt anbieten, sind CCF Kinderhilfswerk e.V., Kindernothilfe e.V., Plan International Deutschland e.V., SOS Kinderdorf e.V. und World Vision Deutschland e.V.. Zudem existiert eine Vielzahl kleiner, oft privater, Organisationen. Diese Art von Vereinen fällt in den Bereich der Nonprofit- Organisationen. „Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care (...). Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages.“ Die Patenschaft funktioniert bei den meisten Organisationen nach dem gleichen Schema: Durch einen monatlich von Seiten des Paten geleisteten Beitrag sorgt die jeweilige Kinderhilfsorganisation für die medizinische Versorgung, die Versorgung mit Nahrungsmitteln und die schulische Ausbildung des Patenkindes und dessen Familie. Der Pate erhält im Gegenzug einen regelmäßigen Bericht über das Wohlbefinden des Kindes inklusive Foto und Informationen über die aktuelle Lage im jeweiligen Land und bezüglich des Hilfsprojekt des Patenkindes. Zudem ist individuelle Korrespondenz per Post sowie ein Besuch beim Patenkind möglich.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: A-, London School of Economics, course: Summer Course: International Politics, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The end of the 1980s gave rise to many thoughts about the decline of the United States of America. In 1987, Paul Kennedy’s theory of a certain inevitable ending for all great powers was often applied to the USA. Furthermore, former US Secretary of State and 1973 Nobel Prize winner, Henry Kissinger, argued that America’s Cold War success was “far more costly for the USA than it could have been.” Only about a decade later, at the end of the 1990s, however, Henry Luce’s vision of the USA as a world power experienced a sort of renaissance since 1941, when this vision first arose. Below, I would like to take a closer look at this transformation of perceptions of the United States. In the late 1980s, “declinists” were certainly not short of incidents proving their rather pessimistic outlook on America’s future. In the process of naming some of them, I would like to start with the 1970s, where the US retreat from Vietnam, 58,000 dead American soldiers, and defeat by a Third World country portrayed a great surrender of American power to a communist country. The sentiments of grief, anger, and regret over Vietnam influenced the following years immensely and was also an incentive to a less muscular foreign policy. Furthermore, President Richard Nixon’s resignation in August 1974 due to his “abuses of governmental power” in the Watergate scandal caused a lack of confidence in American politicians and symbolized the ending of a presidency often referred to as imperial. [...]