· Boltzmann equation (BE) is valid only for particles, which can be considered as material points, generalized Boltzmann equation (GBE) removes this restriction.
· GBE contains additional terms in comparison with BE, which cannot be omitted
· GBE leads to strict theory of turbulence
· GBE gives all micro-scale turbulent fluctuations in tabulated closed analytical form for all flows
· GBE leads to generalization of electro-dynamic Maxwell equations
· GBE gives new generalized hydrodynamic equations (GHE) more effective than classic Navier-Stokes equations
· GBE can be applied for description of flows for intermediate diapason of Knudsen numbers
· Asymptotical solutions of GBE remove contradictions in the theory of Landau damping in plasma
The book complements the author’s previous monograph on Unified Non-Local Theory of Transport Processes (Elsevier, 2015), which is mainly devoted to non-relativistic non-local physics. Nevertheless, the theory as handled in this new work is outlined independently so the book can be studied on its own.Comprehensive collection of non-local relativistic theory with examples that could previously only be found scattered in the literatureProvides applications in quantum non-local relativistic hydrodynamics, quantum solitons in solid matter, and plasmasUses generalized non-local kinetic theory as a highly effective tool for solving many physical problems beyond classical physicsPresents non-local relativistic physics in many related problems of hydrodynamics, gravity, nonlinear optics, time quantization, and applied mathematicsIncludes concrete mathematical problems that are physically consistent and can be solved and studied both analytically and numerically
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Knowledge flow provides learning book of Fluid Mechanics. This book is for all engineering students and professionals across the world. Fluid Mechanics deals with forces and flow within fluids and this fluid mechanics book describes very basic concepts of fluid in an easiest way.
1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
2. Properties of Fluids
3. Bernoulli's Theorem
4. Newton’s Law of Viscosity
5. Pascal's Law of Fluid Pressure
6. Fluid coupling
9. Hydraulic Turbine
10. Hydraulic Power Plant
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What’s New in This Edition:
Includes more than 150 full-color images which significantly improve the reader’s ability to understand pump drawings and curves
Introduces a new chapter on pump case studies in a format that provides case study background, analysis, solutions, and lessons learned
Presents important new updates and additions to other chapters
Includes a ten-step procedure for determining total pump head
Discusses allowable and preferred operating ranges for centrifugal pumps
Provides charts covering maximum and normally attainable pump efficiencies, performance corrections for slurry pumps, and mechanical seal flush plans
Pump Characteristics and Applications, Third Edition is appropriate for readers with all levels of technical experience, including engineering and pump industry professionals, pump operators and maintenance technicians, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in mechanical engineering, and students in engineering technology programs.
This book contains the proceedings of the NATO ARW and IUTAM Symposium held in Zakopane, Poland, 2-7 September 2001. The papers presented, carefully reviewed by the International Scientific Committee, cover various aspects of the dynamics of vortex tubes and sheets and of their analogues in magnetohydrodynamics and in quantum turbulence. The book should be a useful reference for all researchers and students of modern fluid dynamics.
This comprehensive book is an earnest endeavour to apprise the readers with a thorough understanding of all important basic concepts and methods of fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines. The text is organised into sixteen chapters, out of which the first twelve chapters are more inclined towards imparting the conceptual aspects of fluids mechanics, while the remaining four chapters accentuate more on the details of hydraulic machines. The book is supplemented with solutions manual for instructors containing detailed solutions of all chapter-end unsolved problems. Primarily intended as a text for the undergraduate students of civil, mechanical, chemical and aeronautical engineering, this book will be of immense use to the postgraduate students of hydraulics engineering, water resources engineering, and fluids engineering.
• The book describes all concepts in easy-to-grasp language with diagrammatic representation and practical examples.
• A variety of worked-out examples are included within the text, illustrating the wide applications of fluid mechanics.
• Every chapter comprises summary that presents the main idea and relevant details of the topics discussed.
• Almost all chapters incorporate objective type questions of previous years’ GATE examinations, along with their answers and in-depth explanations.
• Previous years’ IES conventional questions are provided at the end of most of the chapters.
• A set of theoretical questions and numerous unsolved numerical problems are provided at the chapter-end to help the students from practice pointof-view.
• Every chapter consists of a section Suggested Reading comprising a list of publications that the students may refer for more detailed information.
This book is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the fundamental equations of fluid dynamics, including Euler's equation and Bernoulli's equation. The reader is then introduced to the equations of motion of a viscous fluid; energy dissipation in an incompressible fluid; damping of gravity waves; and the mechanism whereby turbulence occurs. The following chapters explore the laminar boundary layer; thermal conduction in fluids; dynamics of diffusion of a mixture of fluids; and the phenomena that occur near the surface separating two continuous media. The energy and momentum of sound waves; the direction of variation of quantities in a shock wave; one- and two-dimensional gas flow; and the intersection of surfaces of discontinuity are also also considered.
This monograph will be of interest to theoretical physicists.
It provides simple and logical explanation of programmable logic controllers used in hydraulic and pneumatic circuits. The accompanying CD-ROM acquaints readers with the engineering specifications of several pumps and valves being manufactured by the industry.
• Gives step-by-step methods of designing hydraulic and pneumatic circuits.
• Explains applications of hydraulic circuits in the machine tool industry.
• Elaborates on practical problems in a chapter on troubleshooting.
• Chapter-end review questions help students understand the fundamental principles and practical techniques for obtaining solutions.
NEW TO THE THIRD EDITION
• Provides clear drawings/circuits in the hydraulics section
• Discusses ‘Cartridge Valves’ independently in Chapter 11
• Includes a new chapter on ‘Hydraulic Proportional Valves’ (Chapter 12)
A reference work for process designers and users of decanters, this book aims to bridge the information gap in this field - that between academic theory promoted in student textbooks and case study data in manufacturers sales literature.
It includes information on design and specification, preparing the reader to select and correctly size equipment.
As a design or project engineer working with vendors to make final equipment selection, this work provides the readers with the full facts before they start talking to product vendors.
In an environment of industry consolidation, the handbook allows you to track suppliers old and new, providing a basis on which users can find the new relevant company for the parts/service he/she wishes to purchase.
Once an equipment purchase is made, the user needs to be made aware of how to optimally operate decanters. The Decanter Centrifuge Handbook covers relevant (process) operating issues such as instrumentation and control and the use of flocculents.
There is additional coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used. The book combines an appropriate level of mathematical background, worked examples, computer screen shots, and step-by-step processes, walking students through modeling and computing as well as interpretation of CFD results.
It is ideal for senior level undergraduate and graduate students of mechanical, aerospace, civil, chemical, environmental and marine engineering. It can also help beginner users of commercial CFD software tools (including CFX and FLUENT).A more comprehensive coverage of CFD techniques including discretisation via finite element and spectral element as well as finite difference and finite volume methods and multigrid methodCoverage of different approaches to CFD grid generation in order to closely match how CFD meshing is being used in industryAdditional coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used20% new content
The issues associated with manoeuvring in both the horizontal and vertical planes are explained, and readers will discover suggested criteria for stability, along with rudder and hydroplane effectiveness. The book includes a section on appendage design which includes information on sail design, different arrangements of bow planes and alternative stern configurations. Other themes explored in this book include hydro-acoustic performance, the components of resistance and the effect of hull shape.
Readers will value the author’s applied experience as well as the empirical expressions that are presented for use at the preliminary design stage. A wide range of state-of-the-art material is included, and there are over fifty references to recent publications in the field.
Intended for advanced students and professionals working in the specialised field of submarine hydrodynamics, this book brings theoretical and practical knowledge together in one comprehensive work that is particularly valuable to the submarine hydrodynamicist.
The Mechanical Engineering Reference Manual is the most comprehensive textbook for the Mechanical PE exam. This book's time-tested organization and clear explanations start with the basics to help you quickly get up to speed on common mechanical engineering concepts. Together, the 76 chapters provide an in-depth review of NCEES Mechanical PE exam topics. The extensive index contains thousands of terms, most indexed in a variety of ways, in anticipation of how you'll search for them.
Features of the Mechanical Engineering Reference Manual: • over 120 appendices containing essential support material • over 375 clarifying example problems • thousands of equations, figures, and tables • industry-standard terminology and nomenclature • equal support of U.S. customary and SI units
After you pass your exam, the Mechanical Engineering Reference Manual will continue to serve as an invaluable reference throughout your mechanical engineering career.
Topics Covered: • Dynamics and Vibrations: Kinematics; Kinetics; Power Transmission Systems; Vibrating Systems • Materials: Engineering Materials Properties and Testing; Thermal Treatment of Metals • Fluids: Fluid Properties; Fluid Statics; Fluid Flow Parameters; Fluid Dynamics; Hydraulic Machines • Power Cycles: Vapor, Combustion, and Nuclear Power Cycles; Refrigeration and Gas Compression Cycles • HVAC: Psychrometrics; Fans, Ductwork, and Ventilation; Heating and Cooling Loads; Air Conditioning Systems • Heat Transfer: Natural Convection; Evaporation; Condensation; Forced Convection; Radiation • Machine Design: Basic and Advanced Machine Design; Pressure Vessels • Thermodynamics: Inorganic Chemistry; Fuels and Combustion; Properties of Substances • Control Systems: Modeling and Analysis of Engineering Systems • Plant Engineering: Manufacturing Processes; Instrumentation and Measurements; Materials Handling and Processing; Fire Protection Systems; Environmental Pollutants and Remediation; Hazardous Material Storage and Disposal • Fundamentals: Math Review; Probability; Statics; Engineering Economic Analysis • Law and Ethics: Engineering Law; Ethics
What's New in This Edition: • 36 chapters with new material, and 46 chapters with revisions to existing material • 300 new equations, and 128 updated equations • 27 new tables, and 31 updated tables • 7 new examples, and 34 updated examples • 10 new appendices, and 27 updated appendices • 35 new figures, and 28 updated figures • 1,094 new index entries, and 108 updated index entries
Fundamentals of Aircraft and Rocket Propulsion provides information about and analyses of:
jet engines (pulsejet, pulse detonation engine, ramjet, scramjet, turbojet and turbofan);
chemical and non-chemical rocket engines;
conceptual design of modular rocket engines (combustor, nozzle and turbopumps); and
conceptual design of different modules of aero-engines in their design and off-design state.
Aimed at graduate and final-year undergraduate students, this textbook provides a thorough grounding in the history and classification of both aircraft and rocket engines, important design features of all the engines detailed, and particular consideration of special aircraft such as unmanned aerial and short/vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. End-of-chapter exercises make this a valuable student resource, and the provision of a downloadable solutions manual will be of further benefit for course instructors.
This book first describes the application of hydrostatic bearings, as well as the device pressure, flow, force, power, and temperature. Subsequent chapters discuss the load and flow rate of thrust pads; circuit design, flow control, load, and stiffness; and the basis of the design procedures and selection of tolerances. The specific types of bearings, their design, dynamics, and experimental methods and testing are also shown.
This book will be very valuable to students of engineering design and lubrication.
Review from the Textbook & Academic Authors Association that awarded the book with the 2017 Most Promising New Textbook Award:
“Compared to other books in this subject, we find this one to be very up-to-date and effective at explaining this complicated subject. We certainly would highly recommend it as a text for students and practicing professionals who wish to expand their understanding of modern fluid mechanics.”
The book begins by recounting the events that lead to our understanding of the theory of shock waves and the early developments related to their computation. After presenting the main shock-fitting ideas in the context of a simple scalar equation, the author applies Colombeau’s theory of generalized functions to the Euler equations to demonstrate how the theory recovers well-known results and to provide an in-depth understanding of the nature of jump conditions. He then extends the shock-fitting concepts previously discussed to the one-dimensional and quasi-one-dimensional Euler equations as well as two-dimensional flows. The final chapter explores existing and future developments in shock-fitting methods within the framework of unstructured grid methods.
Throughout the text, the techniques developed are illustrated with numerous examples of varying complexity. On the accompanying CD-ROM, MATLAB® codes serve as concrete examples of how to implement the ideas discussed in the book.
The material added to this new edition will provide insights gathered over 45 years of studying fluid mechanics. Many of these insights, such as universal dimensionless similarity scaling for the laminar boundary layer equations, are available nowhere else. Likewise for the generalized vector field derivatives. Other material, such as the generalized stream function treatment, shows how stream functions may be used in three-dimensional flows. The CFD chapter enables computations of some simple flows and provides entrée to more advanced literature.
*New and generalized treatment of similar laminar boundary layers.
*Generalized treatment of streamfunctions for
three-dimensional flow .
*Generalized treatment of vector field derivatives.
*Expanded coverage of gas dynamics.
*New introduction to computational fluid dynamics.
*New generalized treatment of boundary conditions in fluid mechanics.
*Expanded treatment of viscous flow with more examples.
Important environmental considerations, including solid waste disposal and predicted emissions, are addressed individually in separate chapters. This book places an emphasis on combustion, hydrodynamics, heat transfer, and material issues, and illustrates these concepts with numerous examples of present applications and past experience. This book also examines the relevance of design and feed-stock parameters to the operation of a CFB boiler; designs of mechanical components, including cyclones, air distributor grids, and solid recycle systems; and special problems CVB boilers present with construction materials.
Helping you overcome these hurdles, Hydraulic Power System Analysis demonstrates modern computer-aided analytical techniques used to model nonlinear, dynamic fluid power systems. Following an overview of fluid power, the authors examine various relevant fluid properties, energy calculations, and steady state and dynamic analysis along with a review of automatic control theory. Turning to modeling, the next few chapters address valves and motors and then apply dynamic modeling to examples relating to pumps, hydrostatic transmissions, and valves. The book includes a unique chapter showing how to combine flow resistance equations with the differential equations governing dynamic system performance. The final chapter translates electrical circuit theory concepts to noise attenuation in fluid power systems.
Illustrated with many equations, practical computer modeling examples, and exercises, Hydraulic Power System Analysis provides a much-needed modernization of dynamic modeling for fluid power systems using powerful computational tools.