This letter formally transmits the summary of an oral briefing given on December 8, 2008, and subsequent agency comments. This is a report on the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center (CTAC). Specifically, it addresses issues pertaining to CTAC's use of funds since fiscal year 2003, the ONDCP Director's approach to funding decisions for research and development, CTAC's measures of performance, and CTAC's reorganization in 2007. Includes recommendations. Illustrations.
The FBI and designated state and local criminal justice agencies use the FBI's Nat. Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) to conduct background checks (BC) on individuals before gun dealers may transfer any firearm to an unlicensed individual. There is no basis to automatically prohibit a person from possessing firearms or explosives because they appear on the terrorist watch list (TWL). Rather, there must be a disqualifying factor, such as a felony conviction or illegal immigration status. This report addresses: (1) the number of NICS BC involving TWL records, and the FBI's current procedures for handling these BC; and (2) has the FBI collected info. from NICS BC involving TWL records and shared this info. with counterterrorism officials? Illus.
Criminal cartel activity, such as competitors conspiring to set prices, can harm consumers and the U.S. economy through lack of competition and overcharges. The Dept. of Justice (DoJ) leniency program offers the possibility that the first individual or co. that self-reports cartel activity will avoid criminal conviction and penalties. The Antitrust Criminal Penalty Enhancement and Reform Act (ACPERA) encourages such reporting. This report addresses: (1) the extent that ACPERA affected DoJ¿s criminal cartel enforcement; (2) the ways ACPERA has affected private civil actions; and (3) key stakeholder perspectives on rewards and anti-retaliatory protection for whistleblowers reporting antitrust violations. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
Each year organized groups of professional shoplifters steal or fraudulently obtain billions of dollars in merchandise to resell in an activity known as ORC. These stolen goods can also be sold on online marketplaces, a practice known as "e-fencing." This report assessed ORC and e-fencing. It addresses: (1) types of efforts that select retailers, state and local law enforcement, and federal agencies are undertaking to combat ORC; (2) the extent to which tools or mechanisms exist to facilitate collaboration and info. sharing among these ORC stakeholders; and (3) steps that online marketplaces have taken to combat ORC and e-fencing, and additional actions retailers and law enforcement think may enhance these efforts. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
Missing children who are not found quickly are at an increased risk of victimization. The National Child Search Assistance Act requires that within 2 hours of receiving a missing child report, law enforcement agencies (LEAs) enter the report into the Dept. of Justice's (DoJ) Nat. Crime Info. Center (NCIC), a clearinghouse of info. available to LEAs nationwide. DoJ's Criminal Justice Info. Services (CJIS), and state criminal justice agencies oversee this requirement. This report examined: (1) CJIS's and the Board's efforts to implement and monitor compliance with the requirement; and (2) selected LEA-reported challenges with timely entry and DoJ's actions to assist LEAs in addressing them. Illus. This is a print on demand report.