This book provides background for an understanding of Plato's philosophy in both ancient and contemporary contexts. Chapter 1: Life and Times discusses Plato’s early development in the context of Athenian politics, his love of poetry, and turn to philosophy. Chapter 2: Intellectual Background examines earlier philosophers who influenced Plato, notably Parmenides, Heraclitus, the Pythagoreans, and Socrates. Chapter 3: The Dialogues provides information on chronology and development of the Dialogues, and examines ancient and contemporary approaches to their interpretation. Chapter 4: Other Platonic Productions deals with works of questionable or spurious attribution, and the Unwritten Doctrines. Chapter 5: The Forms is an exposition of Plato’s most famous and controversial doctrine. Chapter 6: God and the Soul concludes with Plato’s theology and psychology, with an emphasis on government and the state.
The revision of Origen's philosophical theology by St. Maximus the Confessor resulted in an eschatology involving the replacement of the human ego by the divine presence. In this study, I will examine the theological developments that led to this loss of a sense of human freedom and creativity in the face of the divine, tracing the influence of Origen's eschatology through the Cappadocian Fathers, Evagrius Ponticus and others, up to Maximus. This will allow me to show the manner in which Origen's humanistic theology was misunderstood and misinterpreted throughout the Patristic era, culminating in the anti-personalistic system of Maximus. Special attention will be paid to the development of Christian Neoplatonism, and how Christian contacts with the pagan philosophical schools came to have a profound effect on Eastern Patristic theology and philosophy. The final section of this study will suggest some ways in which the history of Patristic eschatology - especially Origen and Maximus - may serve as a fruitful source for contemporary theologians who are concerned with issues of personhood, creativity, and existential authenticity.
I. Dante as a religious teacher, especially in relation to Catholic doctrine. II. Beatrice. III. The classification of sins in the "Inferno" and "Purgatorio". IV. Dante's personal attitude towards different kinds of sin. V. Unity and symmetry of design in the "Purgatorio". VI.Dante and Sicily. VII. The genuineness of the "Quaestio de Aqua et Terra".