Optimization topics and applications include gas and water supply networks, oil field production optimization, microwave engineering, aerodynamic shape design, environmental emergence modelling, structural engineering, waveform design for radar and communication systems, parameter estimation in laser experiment and measurement, engineering materials and network scheduling. These case studies have been solved using a wide range of optimization techniques, including particle swarm optimization, genetic algorithms, artificial bee colony, harmony search, adaptive error control, derivative-free pattern search, surrogate-based optimization, variable-fidelity modelling, as well as various other methods and approaches. This book is a practical guide to help graduates and researchers to carry out optimization for real-world applications. More advanced readers will also find it a helpful reference and aide memoire.
2012 is the Alan Turing year -- a centenary celebration of the life and work of Alan Turing. To celebrate Turing's legacy and follow the footsteps of this brilliant mind, we take this golden opportunity to review the latest developments in areas of artificial intelligence, evolutionary computation and metaheuristics, and all these areas can be traced back to Turing's pioneer work. Topics include Turing test, Turing machine, artificial intelligence, cryptography, software testing, image processing, neural networks, nature-inspired algorithms such as bat algorithm and cuckoo search, and multiobjective optimization and many applications. These reviews and chapters not only provide a timely snapshot of the state-of-art developments, but also provide inspiration for young researchers to carry out potentially ground-breaking research in the active, diverse research areas in artificial intelligence, cryptography, machine learning, evolutionary computation, and nature-inspired metaheuristics.
This edited book can serve as a timely reference for graduates, researchers and engineers in artificial intelligence, computer sciences, computational intelligence, soft computing, optimization, and applied sciences.
This book can serve as an introductory book for graduates, doctoral students and lecturers in computer science, engineering and natural sciences. It can also serve a source of inspiration for new applications. Researchers and engineers as well as experienced experts will also find it a handy reference.Discusses and summarizes the latest developments in nature-inspired algorithms with comprehensive, timely literatureProvides a theoretical understanding as well as practical implementation hintsProvides a step-by-step introduction to each algorithm
This volume features surrogate-based modeling and optimization techniques, and their applications for solving difficult and computationally expensive engineering design problems. It begins by presenting the basic concepts and formulations of the surrogate-based modeling and optimization paradigm and then discusses relevant modeling techniques, optimization algorithms and design procedures, as well as state-of-the-art developments. The chapters are self-contained with basic concepts and formulations along with applications and examples. The book will be useful to researchers in engineering and mathematics, in particular those who employ computationally heavy simulations in their design work.
This book examines the latest developments of metaheuristics and their applications in water, geotechnical and transport engineering offering practical case studies as examples to demonstrate real world applications. Topics cover a range of areas within engineering, including reviews of optimization algorithms, artificial intelligence, cuckoo search, genetic programming, neural networks, multivariate adaptive regression, swarm intelligence, genetic algorithms, ant colony optimization, evolutionary multiobjective optimization with diverse applications in engineering such as behavior of materials, geotechnical design, flood control, water distribution and signal networks. This book can serve as a supplementary text for design courses and computation in engineering as well as a reference for researchers and engineers in metaheursitics, optimization in civil engineering and computational intelligence.Provides detailed descriptions of all major metaheuristic algorithms with a focus on practical implementationDevelops new hybrid and advanced methods suitable for civil engineering problems at all levelsAppropriate for researchers and advanced students to help to develop their work
Emphasizing interdisciplinary coverage, Bayesian Inference in the Social Sciences builds upon the recent growth in Bayesian methodology and examines an array of topics in model formulation, estimation, and applications. The book presents recent and trending developments in a diverse, yet closely integrated, set of research topics within the social sciences and facilitates the transmission of new ideas and methodology across disciplines while maintaining manageability, coherence, and a clear focus.
Bayesian Inference in the Social Sciences features innovative methodology and novel applications in addition to new theoretical developments and modeling approaches, including the formulation and analysis of models with partial observability, sample selection, and incomplete data. Additional areas of inquiry include a Bayesian derivation of empirical likelihood and method of moment estimators, and the analysis of treatment effect models with endogeneity. The book emphasizes practical implementation, reviews and extends estimation algorithms, and examines innovative applications in a multitude of fields. Time series techniques and algorithms are discussed for stochastic volatility, dynamic factor, and time-varying parameter models. Additional features include:
Real-world applications and case studies that highlight asset pricing under fat-tailed distributions, price indifference modeling and market segmentation, analysis of dynamic networks, ethnic minorities and civil war, school choice effects, and business cycles and macroeconomic performance State-of-the-art computational tools and Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms with related materials available via the book’s supplemental website Interdisciplinary coverage from well-known international scholars and practitioners
Bayesian Inference in the Social Sciences is an ideal reference for researchers in economics, political science, sociology, and business as well as an excellent resource for academic, government, and regulation agencies. The book is also useful for graduate-level courses in applied econometrics, statistics, mathematical modeling and simulation, numerical methods, computational analysis, and the social sciences.
Mathematical Modeling with Multidisciplinary Applications details the interdisciplinary nature of mathematical modeling and numerical algorithms. The book combines a variety of applications from diverse fields to illustrate how the methods can be used to model physical processes, design new products, find solutions to challenging problems, and increase competitiveness in international markets.
Written by leading scholars and international experts in the field, the book presents new and emerging topics in areas including finance and economics, theoretical and applied mathematics, engineering and machine learning, physics, chemistry, ecology, and social science. In addition, the book thoroughly summarizes widely used mathematical and numerical methods in mathematical modeling and features:Diverse topics such as partial differential equations (PDEs), fractional calculus, inverse problems by ordinary differential equations (ODEs), semigroups, decision theory, risk analysis, Bayesian estimation, nonlinear PDEs in financial engineering, perturbation analysis, and dynamic system modeling Case studies and real-world applications that are widely used for current mathematical modeling courses, such as the green house effect and Stokes flow estimation Comprehensive coverage of a wide range of contemporary topics, such as game theory, statistical models, and analytical solutions to numerical methods Examples, exercises with select solutions, and detailed references to the latest literature to solidify comprehensive learning New techniques and applications with balanced coverage of PDEs, discrete models, statistics, fractional calculus, and more
Mathematical Modeling with Multidisciplinary Applications is an excellent book for courses on mathematical modeling and applied mathematics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for research scientists, mathematicians, and engineers who would like to develop further insights into essential mathematical tools.
As a timely review, this book can serve as an ideal reference for graduates, lecturers, engineers and researchers in computer science, evolutionary computing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, computational intelligence, data mining, engineering optimization and designs.
The book presents a general formulation of response correction techniques as well as a number of specific methods, including those based on correcting the low-fidelity model response (output space mapping, manifold mapping, adaptive response correction and shape-preserving response prediction), as well as on suitable modification of design specifications. Detailed formulations, application examples and the discussion of advantages and disadvantages of these techniques are also included. The book demonstrates the use of the discussed techniques for solving real-world engineering design problems, including applications in microwave engineering, antenna design, and aero/hydrodynamics.
This book examines the latest developments of metaheuristics and their applications in structural engineering, construction engineering and earthquake engineering, offering practical case studies as examples to demonstrate real-world applications. Topics cover a range of areas within engineering, including big bang-big crunch approach, genetic algorithms, genetic programming, harmony search, swarm intelligence and some other metaheuristic methods. Case studies include structural identification, vibration analysis and control, topology optimization, transport infrastructure design, design of reinforced concrete, performance-based design of structures and smart pavement management. With its wide range of everyday problems and solutions, Metaheursitic Applications in Structures and Infrastructures can serve as a supplementary text for design courses and computation in engineering as well as a reference for researchers and engineers in metaheuristics, optimization in civil engineering and computational intelligence.Review of the latest development of metaheuristics in engineering.Detailed algorithm descriptions with focus on practical implementation.Uses practical case studies as examples and applications.
From engineering and computer science to economics and management science, optimization is a core component for problem solving. Highlighting the latest developments that have evolved in recent years, Engineering Optimization: An Introduction with Metaheuristic Applications outlines popular metaheuristic algorithms and equips readers with the skills needed to apply these techniques to their own optimization problems. With insightful examples from various fields of study, the author highlights key concepts and techniques for the successful application of commonly-used metaheuristc algorithms, including simulated annealing, particle swarm optimization, harmony search, and genetic algorithms.
The author introduces all major metaheuristic algorithms and their applications in optimization through a presentation that is organized into three succinct parts:Foundations of Optimization and Algorithms provides a brief introduction to the underlying nature of optimization and the common approaches to optimization problems, random number generation, the Monte Carlo method, and the Markov chain Monte Carlo method Metaheuristic Algorithms presents common metaheuristic algorithms in detail, including genetic algorithms, simulated annealing, ant algorithms, bee algorithms, particle swarm optimization, firefly algorithms, and harmony search Applications outlines a wide range of applications that use metaheuristic algorithms to solve challenging optimization problems with detailed implementation while also introducing various modifications used for multi-objective optimization
Throughout the book, the author presents worked-out examples and real-world applications that illustrate the modern relevance of the topic. A detailed appendix features important and popular algorithms using MATLAB® and Octave software packages, and a related FTP site houses MATLAB code and programs for easy implementation of the discussed techniques. In addition, references to the current literature enable readers to investigate individual algorithms and methods in greater detail.
Engineering Optimization: An Introduction with Metaheuristic Applications is an excellent book for courses on optimization and computer simulation at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners working in the fields of mathematics, engineering, computer science, operations research, and management science who use metaheuristic algorithms to solve problems in their everyday work.
In addition to documenting state-of-the-art developments, this book also discusses future research trends in bio-inspired computation, helping researchers establish new research avenues to pursue.Reviews the latest developments in bio-inspired computation in image processing Focuses on the introduction and analysis of the key bio-inspired methods and techniques Combines theory with real-world applications in image processing Helps solve complex problems in image and signal processing Contains a diverse range of self-contained case studies in real-world applications
High-fidelity simulation models allow for accurate evaluations of the devices and systems, which is critical in the design process, especially to avoid costly prototyping stages. Despite this and other advantages, the use of simulation tools in the design process is quite challenging due to associated high computational cost. The steady increase of available computational resources does not always translate into the shortening of the design cycle because of the growing demand for higher accuracy and necessity to simulate larger and more complex systems. For this reason, automated simulation-driven design—while highly desirable—is difficult when using conventional numerical optimization routines which normally require a large number of system simulations, each one already expensive.
Electromagnetic simulations can be highly accurate, but they tend to be computationally expensive. Therefore, practical design optimization methods have to be computationally efficient, so that the number of CPU-intensive high-fidelity EM simulations is reduced as much as possible during the design process. For the same reasons, techniques for creating fast yet accurate models of microwave structures become crucially important.
In this edited book, the authors strive to review the state-of-the-art simulation-driven microwave design optimization and modeling. A group of international experts specialized in various aspects of microwave computer-aided design summarize and review a wide range of the latest developments and real-world applications. Topics include conventional and surrogate-based design optimization techniques, methods exploiting adjoint sensitivity, simulation-based tuning, space mapping, and several modeling methodologies, such as artificial neural networks and kriging. Applications and case studies include microwave filters, antennas, substrate integrated structures and various active components and circuits. The book also contains a few introductory chapters highlighting the fundamentals of optimization and modeling, gradient-based and derivative-free algorithms, metaheuristics, and surrogate-based optimization techniques, as well as finite difference and finite element methods.Contents:Introduction to Optimization and Gradient-Based Methods (Xin-She Yang and Slawomir Koziel)Derivative-Free Methods and Metaheuristics (Xin-She Yang and Slawomir Koziel)Surrogate-Based Optimization (Slawomir Koziel, Leifur Leifsson, and Xin-She Yang)Space Mapping (Slawomir Koziel, Stanislav Ogurtsov, Qingsha S Cheng, and John W Bandler)Tuning Space Mapping (Qingsha S Cheng, John W Bandler, and Slawomir Koziel)Robust Design Using Knowledge-Based Response Correction and Adaptive Design Specifications (Slawomir Koziel, Stanislav Ogurtsov, and Leifur Leifsson)Simulation-Driven Design of Broadband Antennas Using Surrogate-Based Optimization (Slawomir Koziel and Stanislav Ogurtsov)Neural Networks for Radio Frequency/Microwave Modeling (Chuan Zhang, Lei Zhang, and Qi-Jun Zhang)Parametric Modeling of Microwave Passive Components Using Combined Neural Network and Transfer Function (Yazi Cao, Venu-Madhav-Reddy Gongal-Reddy, and Qi-Jun Zhang)Parametric Sensitivity Macromodels for Gradient-Based Optimization (Krishnan Chemmangat, Francesco Ferranti, Tom Dhaene, and Luc Knockaert)Neural Space Mapping Methods for Electromagnetics-Based Yield Estimation (José E Rayas-Sánchez)Neural Network Inverse Modeling for Microwave Filter Design (Humayun Kabir, Ying Wang, Ming Yu, and Qi-Jun Zhang)Simulation-Driven Design of Microwave Filters for Space Applications (Elena Díaz Caballero, José Vicente Morro Ros, Héctor Esteban González, Vicente Enrique Bôria Esbert, Carmen Bachiller Martín, and Ángel Belenguer Martinez)Time Domain Adjoint Sensitivities: The Transmission Line Modeling (TLM) Case (Mohamed H Bakr and Osman S Ahmed)Boundary Conditions for Two-Dimensional Finite-Element Modeling of Microwave Devices (Tian-Hong Loh and Christos Mias)Boundary Conditions for Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Modeling of Microwave Devices (Tian-Hong Loh and Christos Mias)
Readership: Graduates, lecturers, and researchers in electrical engineering, as well as engineers who use numerical optimization in their design work. This book will be of great interest to researchers in the fields of microwave engineering, antenna design, and computational electromagnetics.
Keywords:Computer-Aided Design;Electromagnetic Simulation;Microwave Design;Numerical Optimization;Surrogate ModelingKey Features:This book summarizes the latest developments in the fieldIt provides a balanced coverage of classical and engineering-oriented optimization methods in one volume, and also includes methodologies not covered by any other book elsewhere, such as robust modeling methodologies (both conventional and modern) and physically-based approaches; surrogate-based techniques and microwave-engineering specific approaches simulation-driven design methods for computationally expensive problemsThis book covers both introductory materials, practical methods and algorithms, as well as applications and case studies
Approach.- A Heuristic Bidding Price Decision Algorithm based on Cost Estimation Accuracy under Limited Engineering Man-hours in EPC Projects.- Intelligent Agents for Human Behavior Modeling as Support to Operations.- Alternative to Multifractal Analysis of Scalable Intermittent Variables Applied to Measured and Estimated Soil Properties at an Arizona Field Site.- Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System used to Build Models with Uncertain Data: Study Case for
Rainfed Maize in the State of Puebla (Mexico).- Separation of Carbon Dioxide from Synthesis Gas Containing Steam by Pressure Swing Adsorption at Mid-high Temperature.- Fuzzy Climate Scenarios for Temperature Indicate that Things could be Worse than Previously Thought.- Efficient Design of Inline E-Plane Waveguide Extracted Pole Filters through Enhanced Equivalent Circuits and Space Mapping.- Decomposition and Space Mapping for Reduced-cost Modeling of Waveguide Filters.- Quasi-Monte Carlo and RBF Metamodeling for Quantile Estimation in River Bed Morphodynamics.- Multi-objective Optimization by using Modified PSO Algorithm for Axial Flow Pump Impeller.- A Public Health Model for Simulating Policy Interventions to Reduce Nonmedical Opioid Use.- Supervisory Fuzzy Cognitive Map Structure for Triage Assessment and Decision Support in the
This book can serve as an ideal reference for both graduates and researchers in computer science, evolutionary computing, machine learning, computational intelligence, and optimization, as well as engineers in business intelligence, knowledge management and information technology.
This book explores the alternative: performing computationally efficient design using surrogate-based optimization, where the high-fidelity model is replaced by its computationally cheap but still reasonably accurate representation: a surrogate. The emphasis is on physics-based surrogates. Application-wise, the focus is on aerodynamics and the methods and techniques described in the book are demonstrated using aerodynamic shape optimization cases. Applications in other engineering fields are also demonstrated.
State-of-the-art techniques and a depth of coverage never published before make this a unique and essential book for all researchers working in aerospace and other engineering areas and dealing with optimization, computationally expensive design problems, and simulation-driven design.Contents:Motivation and Problem Formulation:IntroductionAerodynamic Shape OptimizationOptimization Techniques:Simulation-Driven Design: Direct MethodsSurrogate-Based OptimizationSBO with Approximation-Based SurrogatesSBO with Physics-Based SurrogatesAerodynamics Modeling:Geometry ParameterizationHigh-Fidelity Aerodynamic ModelsLow-Fidelity Aerodynamics ModelsApplications:Transonic Airfoil Shape DesignTransonic Wing Shape DesignSubsonic Shape DesignSelected Applications of Surrogate-Based Optimization in Other AreasSurrogate-Based Optimization with MATLABConclusion:Practical Aspects of Variable-Fidelity Design
Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of engineering, in particular, aerospace engineering.
Key Features:Gathers a number of relevant techniques that were never compiled in one publication before, and certain state-of-the-art techniques have never been published in book formCompact and self-contained introduction to the area of surrogate-based optimization and variable-fidelity optimizationAt present, this is the only book available on the market that offers coverage of variable-fidelity optimization methodsKeywords:Aerodynamic Shape Optimization;Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD);Surrogate Modeling;Surrogate-based Optimization;Variable-fidelity Simulations;Simulation-driven Design