Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres examines thedifferent steps of processing, from natural generation, fibreseparation and fibre processing, to the manufacturing of the finalproduct. Each step is linked to fibre properties andcharacterization, highlighting how different fibres influence theproduct properties through a discussion of their chemical andstructural qualities.
Considering the value-added chain from natural generation tofinal product, with emphasis on quality management, this bookreviews the current research and technical applications of naturalfibres.
Topics covered include:Introduction to the Chemistry and Biology of NaturalFibresEconomic Aspects of Natural FibresVegetable FibresAnimal FibresTesting and Quality ManagementApplications: Current and Potential
Industrial Application of Natural Fibres will be avaluable resource for scientists in industry and academiainterested in the development of natural based materials andproducts. It is particularly relevant for those working in chemicalengineering, sustainable chemistry, agricultural sciences, biologyand materials sciences.
Bio-based Plastics presents an up-to-date overview of the basic and applied aspects of bioplastics, focusing primarily on thermoplastic polymers for material use. Emphasizing materials currently in use or with significant potential for future applications, this book looks at the most important biopolymer classes such as polysaccharides, lignin, proteins and polyhydroxyalkanoates as raw materials for bio-based plastics, as well as materials derived from bio-based monomers like lipids, poly(lactic acid), polyesters, polyamides and polyolefines. Detailed consideration is also given to the market and availability of renewable raw materials, the importance of bio-based content and the aspect of biodegradability.
Topics covered include:StarchCellulose and cellulose acetateMaterials based on chitin and chitosanLignin matrix composites from natural resourcesPolyhydroxyalkanoatesPoly(lactic acid)Polyesters, Polyamides and Polyolefins from biomass derived monomersProtein-based plastics
Bio-based Plastics is a valuable resource for academic and industrial researchers who are interested in new materials, renewable resources, sustainability and polymerization technology. It will also prove useful for advanced students interested in the development of bio-based products and materials, green and sustainable chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials science.
For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs
This is an essential book for upper level undergraduates andMasters students taking modules on Renewable Resources, GreenChemistry, Sustainable Development, Environmental Science,Agricultural Science and Environmental Technology. It will alsobenefit industry professionals and product developers who arelooking at improved economic and environmental means of utilisingrenewable materials.
Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts covers a broad and detailed range of topics including:
· production capacity of hydrocarbons in the plant kingdom, algae, and microbes;
· biomass pretreatment for biofuel production;
· microbial fuel cells;
· sustainable use of biofuel co-products;
· bioeconomy and transportation infrastructure impacts and
· assessment of environmental risks and the life cycle of biofuels.
Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in the study of bio-renewables will find Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts to be a useful and comprehensive research tool.
This book is the first in a series of three that will provide a type of blueprint that can assist each group mentioned above. We desire to assist each individual in developing relationships that are either platonic or eros, as well as, being a valuable tool of further development for those who are newly weds! Jesus doesn‘t ask us to wait wrong, He guides us to WAIT WELL.”
Herbal remedies have been around for years and many people count on them every day. Some carry a strong belief that there is no need to rely on medications. Among the alternative medicine approaches, essential oils are used for a number of different conditions and offer a variety of benefits.
After a stress filled day, it would be nice to come home and just relax. Some have found that they can get fast relaxation by taking a warm bath using essential oils. A mix of the oils and the aromas can relax one so much that it puts the client to sleep.
Because essential oils are extracted from plant material, they often contain the nutritional essence of the plants themselves. In concentrated form, they can impart huge health benefits, when they are ingested into the body.
Essential Oils will guide you through the various uses and benefits of essential oils, highlighting how to use them to lose weight, relieve pain, maintain your skin, as well as strengthen your hair. The various uses of essential oils is nearly limitless. Come discover what many others have: that there is now a safer, more natural way to protect yourself and your family.
The easy way to take the confusion out of organic chemistry
Organic chemistry has a long-standing reputation as a difficult course. Organic Chemistry I For Dummies takes a simple approach to the topic, allowing you to grasp concepts at your own pace.
This fun, easy-to-understand guide explains the basic principles of organic chemistry in simple terms, providing insight into the language of organic chemists, the major classes of compounds, and top trouble spots. You'll also get the nuts and bolts of tackling organic chemistry problems, from knowing where to start to spotting sneaky tricks that professors like to incorporate.Refreshed example equationsNew explanations and practical examples that reflect today's teaching methodsFully worked-out organic chemistry problems
Baffled by benzines? Confused by carboxylic acids? Here's the help you need—in plain English!
Surfactants from Renewable Resources presents the latestresearch and commercial applications in the emerging field ofsustainable surfactant chemistry, with emphasis on productiontechnology, surface chemical properties, biodegradability,ecotoxicity, market trends, economic viability and life-cycleanalysis.
Reviewing traditional sources for renewable surfactants as wellas recent advances, this text focuses on techniques with potentialfor large scale application.
Topics covered include:Renewable hydrophobes from natural fatty acids and forestindustry by-productsRenewable hydrophiles from carbohydrates, amino acids andlactic acidNew ways of making renewable building blocks; ethylene fromrenewable resources and complex mixtures from waste biomassBiosurfactantsSurface active polymersThis book is a valuable resource for industrial researchers incompanies that produce and use surfactants, as well as academicresearchers in surface and polymer chemistry, sustainable chemistryand chemical engineering.
The highly-anticipated paperback edition of The Elements is finally available.
An eye-opening, original collection of gorgeous, never-before-seen photographic representations of the 118 elements in the periodic table.
The elements are what we, and everything around us, are made of. But how many elements has anyone actually seen in pure, uncombined form? The Elements provides this rare opportunity. Based on seven years of research and photography, the pictures in this book make up the most complete, and visually arresting, representation available to the naked eye of every atom in the universe. Organized in order of appearance on the periodic table, each element is represented by a spread that includes a stunning, full-page, full-color photograph that most closely represents it in its purest form. For example, at -183°C, oxygen turns from a colorless gas to a beautiful pale blue liquid.
Also included are fascinating facts, figures, and stories of the elements as well as data on the properties of each, including atomic weight, density, melting and boiling point, valence, electronegativity, and the year and location in which it was discovered. Several additional photographs show each element in slightly altered forms or as used in various practical ways. The element's position on the periodic table is pinpointed on a mini rendering of the table and an illustrated scale of the element's boiling and/or melting points appears on each page along with a density scale that runs along the bottom.
Packed with interesting information, this combination of solid science and stunning artistic photographs is the perfect gift book for every sentient creature in the universe.
Includes a tear-out poster of Theodore Gray's iconic Photographic Periodic Table!
As a new mom, Jessica Alba wanted to create the safest, healthiest environment for her family. But she was frustrated by the lack of trustworthy information on how to live healthier and cleaner--delivered in a way that a busy mom could act on without going to extremes. In 2012, with serial entrepreneur Brian Lee and environmental advocate Christopher Gavigan, she launched The Honest Company, a brand where parents can find reliable information and products that are safe, stylish, and affordable. The Honest Life shares the insights and strategies she gathered along the way.
The Honest Life recounts Alba's personal journey of discovery and reveals her tips for making healthy living fun, real, and stylish, while offering a candid look inside her home and daily life. She shares strategies for maintaining a clean diet (with favorite family-friendly recipes) and embraces nontoxic choices at home and provides eco-friendly decor tips to fit any budget. Alba also discusses cultivating a daily eco beauty routine, finding one's personal style without resorting to yoga pants, and engaging in fun, hands-on activities with kids. Her solutions are easy, chic, and down-to-earth: they're honest. And discovering everyday ways to live naturally and authentically--true to you--could be honestly life-changing.
Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites draws together widely scattered information concerning fundamental concepts and technical applications, essential to the manufacture of wood and natural fiber composites. The topics addressed include basic information on the chemical and physical composition of wood and other lignocellulosic materials, the behavior of these materials under thermocompression processes, fundamentals of adhesion, specific adhesive systems used to manufacture composite materials, and an overview of the industrial technologies used to manufacture major product categories. The book concludes with a chapter on the burgeoning field of natural fiber-plastic composites.
Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students studying forest products and wood science, as well as for practicing professionals working in operational areas of wood- and natural-fiber processing.
For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs
Topics covered include:Overview of lignocellulosic material, their chemical and physical compositionConsolidation behavior of wood and fiber in response to heat and pressureFundamentals of adhesionAdhesives used to bond wood and lignocellulosic compositesManufacturing technology of major product typesFiber/plastic composites
Renewables' can either be the substituted raw materials that areused in a given industry, (e.g. the use of biomass for fuel); theuse and/or modification of a crop for use in a new industry (e.g.plant cellulose), or the reuse of a waste product (e.g. organicwaste for energy production).
This is the first book in the Wiley Renewable Resourcesseries that brings together the range of sustainability assessmentmethods and their uses. Ensuing books in the series will look atindividual renewable materials and applications.
From the seemingly mundane to the food fantastic—from grilled cheese sandwiches, pizzas, and soft-boiled eggs to Turkish ice cream, sugar glasses, and jellified beads—the essays in The Kitchen as Laboratory cover a range of creations and their history and culture. They consider the significance of an eater's background and dining atmosphere and the importance of a chef's methods, as well as the strategies used to create a great diversity of foods and dishes. This collection will delight experts and amateurs alike, especially as restaurants rely more on science-based cooking and recreational cooks increasingly explore the physics and chemistry behind their art. Contributors end each essay with their personal thoughts on food, cooking, and science, offering rare insight into a professional's passion for playing with food.
Written by scientists with specialised knowledge in the field,Handbook of Natural Colorants provides a unique source ofinformation, summarising the present knowledge of natural colorantsin depth. Supporting researchers in this emerging field ofsustainable chemistry, it provides easy access to the theory andpractice of natural colorants from different viewpoints, includingagricultural, economic and legislative aspects.
Topics covered include:History of coloration technologyPresent position of natural colorantsRegional plant source availabilitySpecific application techniquesChemical properties that professional dyers and chemists haveto considerAgricultural sourcing of dyes with an emphasis on renewableresourcesDiscussions on energy and material balance issues arising fromthe sourcing of materialsProduction aspects of colorants, leading on to the keyapplicationsEnvironmental and economic aspects
Also included are the pros and cons of natural dyestuffs,presenting some promising results and evaluating the potential useof vegetable dyes as alternatives to chemical-based ones with afocus on green chemistry
Completely revised and updated to reflect recent developments,this new edition begins with an introduction to the biorefineryconcept, followed by chapters addressing the various types ofavailable biomass feedstocks, including waste, and the differentpre-treatment and processing technologies being developed to turnthese feedstocks into platform chemicals, polymers, materials andenergy. The book concludes with a discussion on the policies andstrategies being put in place for delivering the so-calledBioeconomy.
Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass is a valuableresource for academics, industrial scientists and policy-makersworking in the areas of industrial biotechnology, biorenewables,chemical engineering, fine and bulk chemical production,agriculture technologies, plant science, and energy and powergeneration.
We need to reduce our dependence on fossil resources andincreasingly derive all the chemicals we take for granted and usein our daily life from biomass – and we must make sure thatwe do this using green chemistry and sustainable technologies!
For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources,visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/rrs"www.wiley.com/go/rrs/a
Topics covered include:
• The biorefinery concept
• Biomass feedstocks
• Pre-treatment technologies
• Platform molecules from renewable resources
• Polymers from bio-based monomers
• Bio-based energy production
Praise for the 1st edition:
“Drawing on the expertise of the authors the bookinvolves a degree of plant biology and chemical engineering, whichillustrates the multidisciplinary nature of the topicbeautifully” - Chemistry World
The Essentials For Dummies Series
Dummies is proud to present our new series, The Essentials ForDummies. Now students who are prepping for exams, preparing tostudy new material, or who just need a refresher can have aconcise, easy-to-understand review guide that covers an entirecourse by concentrating solely on the most important concepts. Fromalgebra and chemistry to grammar and Spanish, our expert authorsfocus on the skills students most need to succeed in a subject.
Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage.
The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science.Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plantsDiscusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one bookReviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic oreIndustrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources
This is the first time that a book has covered all woodmodification technologies in one text. Although the book covers themain research developments in wood modification, it also puts woodmodification into context and additionally deals with aspects ofcommercialisation and environmental impact.
This book is very timely, because wood modification isundergoing huge developments at the present time, driven in part byenvironmental concerns regarding the use of wood treated withcertain preservatives. There has been considerable commercialinterest shown in wood modification over the past decade, withproducts based upon thermal modification, and furfurylation nowbeing actively being marketed. The next few years will see thecommercialisation of acetylation and impregnation modification.This is a new industry, but one that has enormous potential.
This book will prove useful to all those with an interest inwood modification including researchers, technologists andprofessionals working in wood science and timber engineering, woodpreservation, and well as professionals in the paper and pulpindustries, and those with an interest in the development ofrenewable materials.
• first to provide exam data-mining in study guide
• allow students to focus on most examined concepts – cut study time and increase efficiency
• an expert guide to lead one abstract knowledge and wisdom
• provides exact, accurate, complete and independent self–education
• the only guide currently that covers Planning Questions
• advanced trade book
• complete and concise eBook editions available
• also suitable for
• Cambridge GCE AL (H1/H2)
• Cambridge International A & AS Level
• Books available for other subjects including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Economics, English
• Primary level, Secondary level, GCE O-level, GCE A-level, iGCSE, Cambridge A-level, Hong Kong DSE
• visit www.yellowreef.com for sample chapters and more
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach,2nd Edition introduces this important technique,to help students to design their own organic syntheses. There areforty chapters: those on the synthesis of given types of moleculesalternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learntare placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover manyways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromaticand aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressingto molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapterscover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, anddevelop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designedfor difficult problems.
Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, naturalproducts, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds,dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advancedsynthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound aregiven.
This second edition has been fully revised and updated with amodern look. Recent examples and techniques are included andillustrated additional material has been added to take the studentto the level required by the sequel, “Organic Synthesis:Strategy and Control”.
Several chapters contain extensive new material based on coursesthat the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceuticalindustry.
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2ndedition provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis forchemistry and biochemistry students and a refresher for organicchemists working in industry and academia.
With its balanced presentation of polymer chemistry, physics,and engineering applications, the Third Edition of this classictext continues to instill readers with a solid understanding of thecore concepts underlying polymeric materials. Both students andinstructors have praised the text for its clear explanations andlogical organization. It begins with molecular-level considerationsand then progressively builds the reader's knowledge withdiscussions of bulk properties, mechanical behavior, and processingmethods.
Following a brief introduction, Fundamental Principles ofPolymeric Materials is divided into four parts:
Part 1: Polymer Fundamentals
Part 2: Polymer Synthesis
Part 3: Polymer Properties
Part 4: Polymer Processing and Performance
Thoroughly Updated and Revised
Readers familiar with the previous edition of this text willfind that the organization and style have been updated with newmaterial to help them grasp key concepts and discover the latestscience, techniques, and applications. For example, there are newintroductory sections on organic functional groups focusing on thestructures found in condensation polymerizations. The text alsofeatures new techniques for polymer analysis, processing, andmicroencapsulation as well as emerging techniques such as atomtransfer radical polymerization.
At the end of each chapter are problems—including manythat are new to this edition—to test the reader's grasp ofcore concepts as they advance through the text. There are alsoreferences leading to the primary literature for furtherinvestigation of individual topics.
A classic in its field, this text enables students in chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science, and mechanical engineeringto fully grasp and apply the fundamentals of polymeric materials,preparing them for more advanced coursework.
Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything fromthe simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complexsynthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds.Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used tointroduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrateester functionality into organic compoundsDiscusses the advantages and disadvantages of each syntheticmethod or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibilityand other important considerationsFeatures numerous examples in the form of text, reactiondiagrams, and tables.
Drawing on the expertise of leading researchers in their fields, Current Topics in Elastomers Research provides the first comprehensive overview of rubber research activities from around the world. Divided into seven sections, this seminal work begins with a general introduction before presenting the chemistry and structure-property relationships of a variety of new materials and composites. The second section covers the most important rubber ingredients along with the current thinking on their mechanism of action.
Two important new characterization techniques, 3D-TEM and AFM, are evaluated in the third section, while the fourth considers the physics and engineering aspects of elastomers, including reinforcement mechanisms, viscoelastic properties, fatigue life, abrasion, adhesion, rheology, mixing and processing, and the effects of time, temperature and fluids. The fifth section pays respect to the tire, a driving impetus for research and one of the major applications of rubber. Finally, the book includes two chapters on eco-friendly technology and recycling, perhaps the most important engineering topic in this age of globalization and environmental responsibility.
Barring the inaccessibility of truly classified information, Current Topics in Elastomers Research is a complete review of current elastomers research and applications, compiling once-guarded knowledge and outlining the future directions of the field.
The first book to consider this topic, Click Chemistry forBiotechnology and Materials Science examines the fundamentalsof click chemistry, its application to the precise design andsynthesis of macromolecules, and its numerous applications inmaterials science and biotechnology. The book surveys thecurrent research, discusses emerging trends and futureapplications, and provides an important nucleation point forresearch.
Edited by one of the top 100 young innovators with the greatestpotential to have an impact on technology in the 21stcentury according to Technology Review and with contributions frompioneers in the field, Click Chemistry for Biotechnology andMaterials Science provides an ideal reference for anyonewanting to learn more about click reactions.
Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials arenot included as part of eBook file.
This essential reference to SPS covers:
The preparation of syndiotactic polystyrene by half-metallocenesand other transition metal catalysts
The structure and fundamental properties, especially morphologyand crystallization and solution behavior
The commercial process for SPS manufacturing
Properties, processing, and applications of syndiotacticpolystyrenes
Polymers based on syndiotactic polystyrenes, for example, byfunctionalization and modification, and nanocomposites
Ideal for polymer chemists, physicists, plastics engineers,materials scientists, and all those dealing with plasticsmanufacturing and processing, this important resource provides theinformation one needs to compare, select, and integrate anappropriate materials solution for industrial use or research.
Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts.
The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book.
Newly introduced topics include:
* Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays
* The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms
* The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films
In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more.
Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.
In order to establish links and similarities the book placesprominence on principles and deductive reasoning withcross-referencing. This informal text also places the main emphasison understanding and predicting reactivity rather than syntheticmethodology as well as utilising a mechanism based layout andfeaturing annotated schemes to reduce the need for textualexplanations.
* tailored specifically to the needs of students of PharmacyMedical Chemistry and Biological Chemistry
* numerous pharmaceutical and biochemical examples
* mechanism based layout
* focus on principles and deductive reasoning
This will be an invaluable reference for students of PharmacyMedicinal and Biological Chemistry.
Aimed at a wide readership ranging from educated laypeople and students to practitioners in engineering and environmental science.
Microorganisms in Foods 5, 7, and the second edition of Microorganisms in Foods 6 are for anyone using microbiological testing and/or engaged in setting Microbiological Criteria, whether for the purpose of Governmental Food Inspection and Control or in Industry, and for those identifying the most effective use of microbiological testing in the food chain. The contents are essential reading for food processors, food microbiologists, food technologists, veterinarians, public health workers and regulatory officials. For students in Food Science and Technology they offer a wealth of information on Food Microbiology and Food Safety Management, with many references for further study.
The information has been prepared by the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods (ICMSF). The ICMSF was formed in response to the need for internationally acceptable and authoritative decisions on microbiological limits for foods moving in international commerce. Currently the membership consists of eighteen food microbiologists from eleven countries, drawn from governmental laboratories in public health, agriculture, and food technology, from universities and from the food industry.
* The first reference work on named reactions to present colored schemes for easier understanding
* 250 frequently used named reactions are presented in a convenient two-page layout with numerous examples
* An opening list of abbreviations includes both structures and chemical names
* Contains more than 10,000 references grouped by seminal papers, reviews, modifications, and theoretical works
* Appendices list reactions in order of discovery, group by contemporary usage, and provide additional study tools
* Extensive index quickly locates information using words found in text and drawings
This comprehensive, well structured handbook presents the fundamental principles and the recent advances in carbene complex chemistry. Arranged according to structure and reactivity, all relevant classes of carbene complexes, their generation, and application in organic synthesis are discussed in detail. Critically selected, up-to-date references and valuable experimental procedures await the reader. Every chemist searching for a concise introduction and reference work for carbene complex chemistry will welcome this practical guide.
"...this concise presentation of all the aspects of the use of carbene complexes in synthesis will help provide the impetus for even more rapid developments in this field of research." R. H. Grubbs (Caltech)
Providing a comprehensive overview of chemosensors—organicmolecules designed to bind and sense small molecules or metalions—and their applications, Chemosensors: Principles,Strategies, and Applications is an accessible one-stop resource foranalysts, clinicians, and graduate students studying advancedchemistry and chemosensing.
Chemosensors function on a molecular level, generating a signalupon binding. The book reviews their synthesis, design, andapplications for detecting biological and organic molecules as wellas metal ions. The text highlights applications in drug discoveryand catalyses that have not been well covered elsewhere.
Covering such topics as molecular recognition, detectionmethods, design strategies, and important biological issues, thebook is broken into four sections that examine intermolecularinteractions, strategies in sensor design, detection methods, andcase studies in metal, saccharide, and amino acid sensing.
An indispensable source of information for chemical andbiomedical experts using sensors, Chemosensors includes casestudies to make the material both accessible and understandable tochemists of all backgrounds.
Polyphenols play key roles in the growth, regulation and structure of plants and vary widely within different plants. Stress, growth conditions and plant species modify polyphenol structure and content. This book describes techniques to identify, isolate and characterize polyphenols, taking mammalian toxicology into account as well.Defines conditions of growth affecting the polyphenol levelsDescribes assay and instrumentation techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols, critical to researchers and business developmentDocuments how some polyphenols are dangerous to consume, important to dietary supplement industry, government regulators and lay public users
The purpose of this book is to provide updated status of thepolymers that are clinical use and those that are now beingdeveloped for clinical use and hopefully will reach the clinicduring the next 5 years. The book provides information that ofinterest to academics and practicing researchers includingchemists, biologists and bioengineers and users: physicians,pharmacists.
This book serves as a complete compendium of three importantmethods widely used for the characterization of synthetic andnatural polymers—light scattering, size exclusionchromatography (SEC), and asymmetric flow field flow fractionation(A4F). Featuring numerous up-to-date examples of experimentalresults obtained by light scattering, SEC, and A4F measurements,Light Scattering, Size Exclusion Chromatography and Asymmetric FlowField Flow Fractionation takes an all-in-one approach to deliver acomplete and thorough explanation of the principles, theories, andinstrumentation needed to characterize polymers from the viewpointof their molar mass distribution, size, branching, and aggregation.This comprehensive resource:
Is the only book gathering light scattering, size exclusionchromatography, and asymmetric flow field flow fractionation into asingle text
Systematically compares results of size exclusion chromatographywith results of asymmetric flow field flow fractionation, and howthese two methods complement each other
Provides in-depth guidelines for reproducible and correctdetermination of molar mass and molecular size of polymers usingSEC or A4F coupled with a multi-angle light scattering detector
Offers a detailed overview of the methodology, detection, andcharacterization of polymer branching
Light Scattering, Size Exclusion Chromatography and AsymmetricFlow Field Flow Fractionation should be of great interest to allthose engaged in the polymer analysis and characterization inindustrial and university research, as well as in manufacturingquality control laboratories. Both beginners and experienced canconfidently rely on this volume to confirm their own understandingor to help interpret their results.
This is a revised edition of a very successful book, which appeals to both academic and industrial markets.Illustrates the organic mechanism associated with each enzyme-catalyzed reactionMakes the connection between organic reaction mechanisms and enzyme mechanismsCompiles the latest information about molecular mechanisms of enzyme reactionsAccompanied by clearly drawn structures, schemes, and figuresIncludes an extensive bibliography on enzyme mechanisms covering the last 30 yearsExplains how enzymes can accelerate the rates of chemical reactions with high specificityProvides approaches to the design of inhibitors of enzyme-catalyzed reactionsCategorizes the cofactors that are appropriate for catalyzing different classes of reactionsShows how chemical enzyme models are used for mechanistic studiesDescribes catalytic antibody design and mechanismIncludes problem sets and solutions for each chapter Written in an informal and didactic style
*A one-stop source for proven methods and protocols for synthesizing bioconjugates in the lab
*Step-by-step presentation makes the book an ideal source for researchers who are less familiar with the synthesis of bioconjugates
*More than 600 figures that visually describe the complex reactions associated with the synthesis of bioconjugates
*Includes entirely new chapters on the latest areas in the field of bioconjugation as follows:
Microparticles and nanoparticles
Silane coupling agents
Dendrimers and dendrons
Discrete PEG compounds
Buckyballs,fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes
Mass tags and isotope tags
Bioconjugation in the study of protein interactions
This title is an ideal introductory book for anybody starting work in this field.
This book is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with a brief overview of plasma polymerization and its growing importance for the formation of entirely new kinds of materials. The discussion then shifts to a comparison between plasma-state polymerization and plasma-induced polymerization, between plasma polymerization and graft polymerization, and between plasma polymerization and radiation polymerization. The reader is also introduced to fundamental aspects of gas-phase reactions, paying particular attention to the classical kinetic theory of gas, as well as the mechanisms of formation of polymeric materials in plasma, competitive ablation and polymer formation in plasma, and polymer deposition in plasma polymerization. The operational parameters of plasma polymerization are described and a chapter devoted to the electrical properties of plasma-polymerized thin organic films concludes the book.
This book will be of interest to students and researchers of material science.
This textbook is intended for (1) advanced undergraduate students and graduate students in the chemical, physical, and biological sciences; (2) scientists who might wish to apply DLS methods to systems of interest to them but who have no formal training in the field of DLS; and (3) those who are simply curious as to the type of information that might be obtained from DLS techniques.
The aim of the book is twofold. Firstly, to reveal to the reader the combined use of different spectroscopic data, to facilitate an insight into the structure and conformational properties of any new piperidine derivative. Secondly, to establish a consistent link between conformation and reactivity for a variety of piperidine derivatives. Such a bridge is a key step for stereocontrol when dealing with the application of piperidine derivatives as synthetic intermediates. The book is conceived so that most of the information comes from visual inspection of the very abundant graphic material. An exhaustive subject index of more than 450 entries is also included.
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