Chairman: Dennis Murphy, 1986
Depression is a common and often debilitating affective disorder. Attempts to develop effective antidepressants have a long history, but many questions remain about the mechanisms of action of such treatments and about the aetiology and pathophysiology of depression itself. Early observations centred attention on central monoamine systems, and animal studies suggested that changes in beta-adrenoceptor responsiveness were a common effect of antidepressant therapies. More recent research has encompassed many different central and peripheral receptors, time-dependent adaptational events at synapses, and the functional significance of changes in neurotransmitter systems in both humans and experimental animals. Such pharmacological studies aimed ultimately at elucidating the neurochemical basis of depression and of promoting new therapeutic approaches, provide the focus of this symposium volume. Many different methods of investigating the links between monoamine systems, depression and antidepressant treatments are described. Recent studies of receptors and of monoamine uptake sites in the brain and the periphery (e.g. in platelets and fibroblasts) are reviewed, with emphasis on alpha and beta adrenoceptors, [3H]imipramine-binding sites and serotonin receptors. The results of monitoring amine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid and of measuring neuroendocrine, physiological and behavioural responses to pharmacological challenge are presented, providing information on monoaminergic function in depressed patients and experimental animals before, during and after treatment with antidepressant drugs or electroconvulsive shock. Genetic influences on receptor density are also discussed, as is the relevance to human depressive illness of animal models, including stress-induced behavioural depression in rats and responses to social stressors in rhesus monkeys.
This book should be of interest to neuropharmacologists, psychopharmacologists, clinical pharmacologists, behavioural scientists, psychiatrists and neuroscientists.
Chairman: Stuart B. Levy, 1997
Over the last 50 years, the rapid increase in the use of antibiotics, not only in people, but also in animal husbandry and agriculture, has delivered a selection unprecedented in the history of evolution. Consequently, society is facing one of its gravest public health problems-the emergence of infectious bacteria with resistance to many, and in some cases all, available antibiotics. This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of experts to discuss this problem. It begins by examining the origins of resistance and goes on to look at how the use of antibiotics in human medicine and farming/agriculture has selected for resistant bacteria. Separate chapters describe the evolution of resistance determinants and how these are spread both within and between bacterial species. Finally, the book contains discussions on strategies for countering the threat of antibiotic resistance. A major re-thinking of our approach to the treatment of infectious diseases is proposed-that antibiotic resistance should be seen as a problem created by the disruption of normal microbial ecology. To restore efficacy to earlier antibiotics, and to maintain the success of new antibiotics that are introduced, we need to use these drugs in a way that ensures an ecological balance that favours the predominance of susceptible bacteria.
In this highly readable and provocative book, Dr. Jason Fung sets out an original, robust theory of obesity that provides startling insights into proper nutrition. In addition to his five basic steps, a set of lifelong habits that will improve your health and control your insulin levels, Dr. Fung explains how to use intermittent fasting to break the cycle of insulin resistance and reach a healthy weight—for good.
Testosterone is the most crucial hormone in the male body--and every man's T levels begin a slow, steady decline as he ages. The result? Loss of strength and muscle mass. Poor sugar metabolism. Increased body fat, especially around the waist. Loss of T also affects red blood cell production, vitality, bone density, mental acuity, and sex drive. In short: It slowly chops a man down.
Testosterone Transformation helps a man produce higher levels of T and reverse the downward spiral. By eating the right foods and adopting a new exercise approach, any man at any age can transform his life by starting a positive chain reaction: Raise T levels through the strategies in this book, improve workouts, get stronger, improve workouts even more, get even stronger, and enable the body to use muscle to process sugar--instead of storing it as fat.
Testosterone Transformation is a life-changer: a serious exercise and strategic diet plan that uses the science of a man's own body to help him recharge his sex drive, increase vitality, and reduce health risks across the board.
Are you exhausted all the time, plagued by brain fog, and unable to lose weight? Do you struggle with insomnia, panic attacks, and tremors? But does your doctor insist that your labs are normal, and that you just need to eat less and exercise more? As anyone who has been there knows, nothing is more frustrating, stressful, and emotionally draining than feeling unwell and being told you're fine by the very person who is supposed to heal you.
The truth is, your symptoms could be triggered by a thyroid disorder--the hidden cause behind a wide array of health problems that can threaten to ruin your life. Thyroid dysfunctions like Hashimoto's disease, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism affect at least 20 million Americans and yet conventional medicine frequently misses the diagnosis. The scariest part? Most doctors won't even order thyroid tests unless you specifically ask.
Now, in The Thyroid Connection, Dr. Amy Myers teaches you how to take your health into your own hands. Dr. Myers, originally misdiagnosed herself, understands the struggles of thyroid dysfunction firsthand. Fortunately, she also knows how achievable recovery and well-being are, and just how to get you there. In The Thyroid Connection, you'll discover:
How to work with your doctor to get the correct diagnosisWhat blood tests to ask for, as well as what they meanHow to find the right type and dose of supplemental thyroid hormone for youThe role of gut health, diet, toxins, infections, and stress in thyroid dysfunctionA complete 28-day plan to jumpstart your health and reverse your thyroid symptoms
Complete with advice on diet and nutrition, supplements, exercise, stress relief, and sleep, The Thyroid Connection is the ultimate roadmap back to your happiest, healthiest self.
What Grain Brain did for wheat, this book by a leading peripheral nerve surgeon now does for sugar, revealing how it causes crippling nerve damage throughout the body—in our feet, organs, and brain—why sugar and carbohydrates are harmful to the body's nerves, and how eliminating them can mitigate and even reverse the damage.
If you suffer from ailments your doctors can’t seem to diagnose or help—mysterious rashes, unpredictable digestive problems, debilitating headaches, mood and energy swings, constant tiredness—nerve compression is the likely cause. Sugar Crush exposes the shocking truth about how a diet high in sugar, processed carbohydrates, and wheat compresses and damages the peripheral nerves of the body, leading to pain, numbness, and tingling in the hands and feet, along with a host of related conditions, including migraines, gall bladder disease, and diabetes.
Over the years, Dr. Richard Jacoby has treated thousands of patients with peripheral neuropathy. Now, he shares his insights as well as the story of how he connected the dots to determine how sugar is the common denominator of many chronic diseases. In Sugar Crush, he offers a unique holistic approach to understanding the exacting toll sugar and carbs take on the body. Based on his clinical work, he breaks down his highly effective methods, showing how dietary changes reducing sugar and wheat, coinciding with an increase of good fats, can dramatically help regenerate nerves and rehabilitate their normal function.
Sugar Crush includes a quiz to assess your nerve damage, practical dietary advice, and the latest thinking on ways to prevent and reverse neuropathy. If you have diabetes, this essential guide will help you understand the dangers and give you the tools you need to make a difference beyond your doctor’s prescriptions. If you have the metabolic syndrome or prediabetes, or are just concerned about your health, it will help you reverse and prevent nerve damage.
If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, you're not alone. In fact, hundreds of thousands of women are fighting these same feelings as they strive to live the lives they want.
Is It Me or My Adrenals? - formerly titled Are You Tired and Wired? - gives you the knowledge and tools to overcome this epidemic of fatigue. In it, Marcelle Pick uncovers the root cause of these symptoms: adrenal dysfunction. In our modern lives, the adrenal glands, which provide the fight-or-flight hormones in response to stress, are triggered much more often that they should be. Everything from challenges at home and at work, to environmental toxins, to chronic health problems cause the adrenal glands to produce a constant flood of stress hormones that can ultimately lead to multiple health issues, especially severe fatigue.
The good news is that through diet, lifestyle adjustments and reprogramming of stressful emotional patterns, this can all be fixed!
Pick helps you identify which of the three adrenal profiles you fit--Racehorse, Workhorse, or Flatliner--and then lays out an easy-to-follow, scientifically based program to help you restore adrenal balance, regear your metabolism, and regain your natural energy to live a happier and less-stressed life.
Millions of women struggle every day with problems like low energy, unexplained weight gain, and dull moods, yet too often diet, exercise, and pharmaceutical drugs are thought to be the only available options. Hormones—the chemical messengers of the body—influence every single process in our bodies: they govern our growth, weight, and energy, as well as fight stress and anxiety, relieve depression, and maintain personal drive.
Based on Dr. Kristy Vermeulen’s popular six-week online course, Happy Hormones explains how hormones affect your day-to-day routine and provides expert guidance to help you identify your hormonal imbalances and treat them in a natural, healthy way.
Happy Hormones also includes:
• Simple and effective self-assessments to help you diagnose your hormonal imbalances
• Six-step hormonal balancing programs for adrenal, thyroid, progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone imbalances
• Tools to help you read your own hormonal messages so you can stay in tune with your body and improve your overall well-being
• FAQs of bioidentical and synthetic hormones, along with guidelines to help you safely and effectively apply them in your treatment program
• Nutrition program with over 45 delicious, healthy, and hormone-friendly recipes
• Expert guidance to feeling and looking young, healthy, and fabulous
Happy Hormones is a comprehensive, practical guide for any woman interested in balancing their hormones. It will help you get back to your energetic, vibrant, and healthy self. Representing an important application of a fast-growing branch of health science, Happy Hormones will allow you to shed unwanted weight and regain your energy for a healthy, fabulous life.
Drawing extensively on interviews with adults with intersex conditions, parents, and physicians, Karkazis moves beyond the heated rhetoric to reveal the complex reality of how intersexuality is understood, treated, and experienced today. As she unravels the historical, technological, social, and political forces that have culminated in debates surrounding intersexuality, Karkazis exposes the contentious disagreements among theorists, physicians, intersex adults, activists, and parents—and all that those debates imply about gender and the changing landscape of intersex management. She argues that by viewing intersexuality exclusively through a narrow medical lens we avoid much more difficult questions. Do gender atypical bodies require treatment? Should physicians intervene to control the “sex” of the body? As this illuminating book reveals, debates over treatment for intersexuality force reassessment of the seemingly natural connections between gender, biology, and the body.
Metabolism is a complicated subject involving complex molecules and interrelated pathways. These metabolic pathways are usually taught separately with the result that the student develops a detailed but compartmentalised approach to metabolism and frequently fails to see the overall picture and its physiological significance.
Using the at a Glance format, the book takes the student through a complete course in intermediary metabolism in an integrated manner. The same chart is repeated throughout the book with the individual pathway under study highlighted.
The book is an ideal text for introductory biochemistry courses and has established itself as an enormously popular book amongst lecturers and students alike. This third edition is fully updated and includes five new chapters to mirror those topics currently taught at undergraduate level:
1. Metabolic Channelling
2. Glucose homeostasis and Reye's Disease
3. Pentose phosphate pathway and the prodcution of NADPH
4. Tryptophan metabolism in health and disease
5. Tyrosine metabolism in health and disease
Written by diabetes expert Dr David Cavan and in association with diabetes.co.uk, the UK's largest online diabetes community, Reverse Your Diabetes also tackles the myths and misinformation about type 2 diabetes. This is an essential book that will empower you to take control of your diabetes and maximise your health for good.