This book examines key technology advances in high spectral-efficiency fiber-optic communication systems and networks, enabled by the use of coherent detection and digital signal processing (DSP). The first of this book’s 16 chapters is a detailed introduction. Chapter 2 reviews the modulation formats, while Chapter 3 focuses on detection and error correction technologies for coherent optical communication systems. Chapters 4 and 5 are devoted to Nyquist-WDM and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). In chapter 6, polarization and nonlinear impairments in coherent optical communication systems are discussed. The fiber nonlinear effects in a non-dispersion-managed system are covered in chapter 7. Chapter 8 describes linear impairment equalization and Chapter 9 discusses various nonlinear mitigation techniques. Signal synchronization is covered in Chapters 10 and 11. Chapter 12 describes the main constraints put on the DSP algorithms by the hardware structure. Chapter 13 addresses the fundamental concepts and recent progress of photonic integration. Optical performance monitoring and elastic optical network technology are the subjects of Chapters 14 and 15. Finally, Chapter 16 discusses spatial-division multiplexing and MIMO processing technology, a potential solution to solve the capacity limit of single-mode fibers.
• Contains basic theories and up-to-date technology advancements in each chapter
• Describes how capacity-approaching coding schemes based on low-density parity check (LDPC) and spatially coupled LDPC codes can be constructed by combining iterative demodulation and decoding
• Demonstrates that fiber nonlinearities can be accurately described by some analytical models, such as GN-EGN model
• Presents impairment equalization and mitigation techniques
Enabling Technologies for High Spectral-efficiency Coherent Optical Communication Networks is a reference for researchers, engineers, and graduate students.
Xiang Zhou is a Tech Lead within Google Platform Advanced Technology. Before joining Google, he was with AT&T Labs, conducting research on various aspects of optical transmission and photonics networking technologies. Dr. Zhou is an OSA fellow and an associate editor for Optics Express. He has extensive publications in the field of optical communications.
Chongjin Xie is a senior director at Ali Infrastructure Service, Alibaba Group. Before joining Alibaba Group, he was a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent. Dr. Xie is a fellow of OSA and senior member of IEEE. He is an associate editor of the Journal of Lightwave Technology and has served in various conference committees.
The book proposes new approaches to chipless RFID tag encoding and tag detection that supersede their predecessors in signal processing, tag design, and reader architectures. The text is divided into two main sections: the first section introduces the fundamentals of electromagnetic (EM) imaging at mm-wave band to enhance the content capacity of Chipless RFID systems. The EM Imaging through Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) technique is used for data extraction. The second section presents a few smart tag detection techniques for existing chipless RFID systems. A Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO) based tag detection technique improves the spectral efficiency and increases data bit capacity. The book concludes with a discussion of how the MIMO approach can be combined with the image based technique to introduce a complete solution with a fast imaging approach to chipless RFID systems. The book has the following salient features:Discusses new approaches to chipless RFID tags such as EM imaging, high capacity data encoding, and robust tag detection techniques Presents techniques to enhance data content capacity of tags and reliable tag detection for the readers at unlicensed microwave and mm-wave 2.45, 24 and 60 GHz instrumentation, scientific and medical (ISM) frequency bands Includes case studies of real-world applications
With its many superior qualities, photonic sensing technology is increasingly used in early-detection and early-warning systems for biological hazards, structural flaws, and security threats. Photonic Sensing provides for the first time a comprehensive review of this exciting and rapidly evolving field, focusing on the development of cutting-edge applications in diverse areas of safety and security, from biodetection to biometrics.
The book brings together contributions from leading experts in the field, fostering effective solutions for the development of specialized materials, novel optical devices, and networking algorithms and platforms. A number of specific areas of safety and security monitoring are covered, including background information, operation principles, analytical techniques, and applications. Topics include:Document security and structural integrity monitoring, as well as the detection of food pathogens and bacteria Surface plasmon sensors, micro-based cytometry, optofluidic techniques, and optical coherence tomography Optic fiber sensors for explosive detection and photonic liquid crystal fiber sensors for security monitoring Photonics-assisted frequency measurement with promising electronic warfare applications
An invaluable, multidisciplinary resource for researchers and professionals in photonic sensing, as well as safety and security monitoring, this book will help readers jump-start their own research and development in areas of physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, mechanics, electronics, and defense.
--Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit), and author of Much Ado About Almost Nothing: Man's Encounter with the Electron (Booklocker.com)
"A fabulous book: well written, well paced, fun, and informative. I also love the sense of humor. It's very good at disarming the fear. And it's gorgeous. I'll be recommending this book highly."
--Tom Igoe, author of Physical Computing and Making Things Talk
Want to learn the fundamentals of electronics in a fun, hands-on way? With Make: Electronics, you'll start working on real projects as soon as you crack open the book. Explore all of the key components and essential principles through a series of fascinating experiments. You'll build the circuits first, then learn the theory behind them!
Build working devices, from simple to complex You'll start with the basics and then move on to more complicated projects. Go from switching circuits to integrated circuits, and from simple alarms to programmable microcontrollers. Step-by-step instructions and more than 500 full-color photographs and illustrations will help you use -- and understand -- electronics concepts and techniques.Discover by breaking things: experiment with components and learn from failure Set up a tricked-out project space: make a work area at home, equipped with the tools and parts you'll need Learn about key electronic components and their functions within a circuit Create an intrusion alarm, holiday lights, wearable electronic jewelry, audio processors, a reflex tester, and a combination lock Build an autonomous robot cart that can sense its environment and avoid obstacles Get clear, easy-to-understand explanations of what you're doing and why
Who needs an electrical engineering degree? This intuitive guide shows how to wire, disassemble, tweak, and re-purpose everyday devices quickly and easily. Packed with full-color illustrations, photos, and diagrams, Hacking Electronics teaches by doing--each topic features fun, easy-to-follow projects. Discover how to hack sensors, accelerometers, remote controllers, ultrasonic rangefinders, motors, stereo equipment, microphones, and FM transmitters. The final chapter contains useful information on getting the most out of cheap or free bench and software tools.Safely solder, join wires, and connect switches Identify components and read schematic diagrams Understand the how and why of electronics theory Work with transistors, LEDs, and laser diode modules Power your devices with a/c supplies, batteries, or solar panels Get up and running on Arduino boards and pre-made modules Use sensors to detect everything from noxious gas to acceleration Build and modify audio amps, microphones, and transmitters Fix gadgets and scavenge useful parts from dead equipment
This book offers coverage of developments in linear macromodeling, with a focus on effective, proven methods. After starting with a definition of the fundamental properties that must characterize models of physical systems, the authors discuss several prominent passive macromodeling algorithms for lumped and distributed systems and compare them under accuracy, efficiency, and robustness standpoints. The book includes chapters with standard background material (such as linear time-invariant circuits and systems, basic discretization of field equations, state-space systems), as well as appendices collecting basic facts from linear algebra, optimization templates, and signals and transforms. The text also covers more technical and advanced topics, intended for the specialist, which may be skipped at first reading.
Provides coverage of black-box passive macromodeling, an approach developed by the authorsElaborates on main concepts and results in a mathematically precise way using easy-to-understand languageIllustrates macromodeling concepts through dedicated examplesIncludes a comprehensive set of end-of-chapter problems and exercises
Passive Macromodeling: Theory and Applications serves as a reference for senior or graduate level courses in electrical engineering programs, and to engineers in the fields of numerical modeling, simulation, design, and optimization of electrical/electronic systems.
Stefano Grivet-Talocia, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Circuit Theory at the Politecnico di Torino in Turin, Italy, and President of IdemWorks. Dr. Grivet-Talocia is author of over 150 technical papers published in international journals and conference proceedings. He invented several algorithms in the area of passive macromodeling, making them available through IdemWorks.
Bjørn Gustavsen, PhD, is a Chief Research Scientist in Energy Systems at SINTEF Energy Research in Trondheim, Norway. More than ten years ago, Dr. Gustavsen developed the original version of the vector fitting method with Prof. Semlyen at the University of Toronto. The vector fitting method is one of the most widespread approaches for model extraction. Dr. Gustavsen is also an IEEE fellow.
Build your drone, step-by-step, with this full-color, hands-on guide!
You’ve heard about drones. You’ve seen drones. Now, build your own—it’s a lot easier than you think!
Drones are the newest frontier for the DIY/maker community, and you don’t need to be a technical expert to build one. John Baichtal, the #1 author of hardware hacking books for beginners, will teach you all the skills you need.
First, Baichtal shows you the amazing drones others have built. Then, he walks you through several complete projects: quadcopters, UAVs, ROVs, and more. Not ready to start from scratch? No problem: Baichtal helps you choose from today’s best new kits.
Hundreds of full-color step-by-step photos teach you every step, every skill. When you’re ready for more advanced concepts, Baichtal explains them in plain English.Discover what drones are and why they’re so exciting Explore today’s most imaginative projects, from 3D-printed mini quadcopters to floating robot armies Compare kits, from $200 up: Parallax ELEV-8, DJI Phantom 2 Vision+, OpenROV, Actobotics Nomad, Brooklyn Aerodrome Flack, and more Create your own practical Drone Builder’s Workbench Build complete rocket, blimp, waterborne, and automotive drones Construct both fully autonomous and radio-controlled drones Choose and assemble your chassis (airframe), motor, props, flight control, power system, accessories, and software Integrate Arduino to make radio-controlled drones operate autonomously Teach a drone to navigate via RFID tags Learn all the basic electronics and programming you’ll need
Although the microstrip filter remains as the main transmission line medium for these new developments, there has been a new trend of using combined planar transmission line structures such as co-planar waveguide (CPW) and slotted ground structures for novel physical implementations beyond the single layer in order to achieve filter miniaturization and better performance.
Also, over the years, practitioners have suggested topics that should be added for completeness, or deleted in some cases, as they were not very useful in practice.
In view of the above, the authors are proposing a revised version of the “Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications” text and a slightly changed book title of “Planar Filters for RF/Microwave Applications” to reflect the aforementioned trends in the revised book.
Since the first publication of this important volume over a decade ago, dramatic changes have taken place with the solar market growing almost 100-fold and the U.S. moving from first to fourth place in the world market as analyzed in this Second Edition. Three bold new opportunities are identified for any countries wanting to improve market position. The first is combining pin solar cells with 3X concentration to achieve economic competitiveness near term. The second is charging battery-powered cars with solar cell–generated electricity from arrays in surrounding areas—including the car owners' homes—while simultaneously reducing their home electricity bills by over ninety percent. The third is formation of economic "unions" of sufficient combined economic size to be major competitors.
In this updated edition, feed-in tariffs are identified as the most effective approach for public policy. Reasons are provided to explain why pin solar cells outperform more traditional pn solar cells. Field test data are reported for nineteen percent pin solar cells and for ~500X concentrating systems with bare cell efficiencies approaching forty percent. Paths to bare cell efficiencies over fifty percent are described, and key missing program elements are identified. Since government support is needed for new technology prototype integration and qualification testing before manufacturing scale up, the key economic measure is identified in this volume as the electricity cost in cents per kilowatt-hour at the complete installed system level, rather than just the up-front solar cell modules' costs in dollars per watt.
This Second Edition will benefit technologists in the fields of solar cells and systems; solar cell researchers; power systems designers; academics studying microelectronics, semiconductors, and solar cells; business students and investors with a technical focus; and government and political officials developing public policy.
Advance your electronics knowledge and gain the skills necessary to develop and construct your own functioning gadgets. Written by a pair of experienced engineers and dedicated hobbyists, Practical Electronics for Inventors, Fourth Edition, lays out the essentials and provides step-by-step instructions, schematics, and illustrations. Discover how to select the right components, design and build circuits, use microcontrollers and ICs, work with the latest software tools, and test and tweak your creations. This easy-to-follow book features new instruction on programmable logic, semiconductors, operational amplifiers, voltage regulators, power supplies, digital electronics, and more.
Practical Electronics for Inventors, Fourth Edition, covers:
• Reviews all the latest specialty optical fiber technologies, including those developed for high capacity WDM applications; broadband fiber amplifiers; fiber filleters based on periodic coupling; fiber branching devices; and fiber terminations
• Discusses key differences among single mode fibers, multimode fibers for high speed Ethernet LAN, and dispersion compensating fibers for long-haul applications
• Compares the most recently developed conventional optical fibers with the latest photonic crystal fibers still in development
A self-contained, menu-driven software program is included for optical fiber design, simulating waveguide structures for most of the fibers discussed in the book.
This book is devoted to the analysis, study and applications of artificial transmission lines mostly implemented by means of a host line conveniently modified (e.g., with modulation of transverse dimensions, with etched patterns in the metallic layers, etc.) or with reactive loading, in order to achieve novel device functionalities, superior performance, and/or reduced size.
The author begins with an introductory chapter dedicated to the fundamentals of planar transmission lines. Chapter 2 is focused on artificial transmission lines based on periodic structures (including non-uniform transmission lines and reactively-loaded lines), and provides a comprehensive analysis of the coupled mode theory. Chapters 3 and 4 are dedicated to artificial transmission lines inspired by metamaterials, or based on metamaterial concepts. These chapters include the main practical implementations of such lines and their circuit models, and a wide overview of their RF/microwave applications (including passive and active circuits and antennas). Chapter 5 focuses on reconfigurable devices based on tunable artificial lines, and on non-linear transmission lines. The chapter also introduces several materials and components to achieve tuning, including diode varactors, RF-MEMS, ferroelectrics, and liquid crystals. Finally, Chapter 6 covers other advanced transmission lines and wave guiding structures, such as electroinductive-/magnetoinductive-wave lines, common-mode suppressed balanced lines, lattice-network artificial lines, and substrate integrated waveguides.
Artificial Transmission Lines for RF and Microwave Applications provides an in-depth analysis and discussion of artificial transmission lines, including design guidelines that can be useful to researchers, engineers and students.
Convenient, concise, well-organized, and precise
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips—whether you’re refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumes Incredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sources Easy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component type Authoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurate Reliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer’s tutorials Instructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workarounds Comprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
major techniques for analyzing
microwave planar transmission line structures
The last two decades have seen important progress in the development of methods for the analysis of microwave and millimeter-wave passive structures, which contributed greatly to microwave integrated circuit design while also stimulating the development of new planar transmission lines. This timely and authoritative work introduces microwave engineers to the most commonly used techniques for analyzing microwave planar transmission line structures.
Designed to be easily accessible to readers with only a fundamental background in electromagnetic theory, the book provides clear explanations of the theory and applications of Green's function, the conformal-mapping method, spectral domain methods, variational methods, and the mode-matching methods. Coverage for each method is self-contained and supplemented with problems and solutions as well as useful figures.
In addition to providing detailed formulations of the methods under discussion, this highly practical book also demonstrates how to apply the principles of electromagnetic theory to the analysis of microwave boundary value problems, customize methods for specific needs, and develop new techniques. Analysis Methods for RF, Microwave, and Millimeter-Wave Planar Transmission Line Structures is an excellent working resource for anyone involved in the design and engineering of RF, microwave, and millimeter-wave integrated circuits.
As the basis for some of the hottest technologies of the new millennium, radio frequency (RF) and microwave wireless systems rapidly propel us toward a future in which the transmission of voice, video, and data communications will be possible anywhere in the world through the use of simple, handheld devices.
This book provides scientists and engineers with clear, thorough, up-to-date explanations of all aspects of RF and microwave wireless systems, including general hardware components, system parameters, and architectures. Renowned authority Kai Chang covers both communication and radar/sensor systems and extends the discussion to other intriguing topics, from global positioning systems (GPS) to smart highways and smart automobiles. With an emphasis on basic operating principles, Dr. Chang reviews waves and transmission lines, examines modulation and demodulation and multiple-access techniques, and helps bridge the gap between RF/microwave engineering and communication system design. Ample practical examples of components and system configurations and nearly 300 illustrations and photographs complete this timely and indispensable resource.
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department
This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.
Owing to their conformal capability, nonplanar microstripantennas and transmission lines have been intensely investigatedover the past decade. Yet most of the accumulated research has beentoo scattered across the literature to be useful to scientists andengineers working on these curved structures.
Now, antenna expert Kin-Lu Wong compiles and organizes thelatest research results and other cutting-edge developments into anextensive survey of the characteristics of microstrip antennasmounted on canonical nonplanar surfaces. Demonstrating a variety oftheoretical techniques and deducing the general characteristics ofnonplanar microstrip antennas from calculated results, Wongthoroughly addresses the problems of cylindrical, spherical, andconical structures and gives readers powerful design andoptimization tools.
Up-to-date topics range from specific applications of sphericaland conical microstrip arrays to the curvature effects on theanalysis of cylindrical microstrip lines and coplanar waveguides.With 256 illustrations and an exhaustive list of references,Design of Nonplanar Microstrip Antennas and TransmissionLines is an indispensable guide for antenna designers inwireless and personal communications and in radar systems, and aninvaluable reference for researchers and students interested inthis important technology.
At the end of the book, you’ll apply everything you’ve learned by building an analog synthesizer, using the MFOS Noise Toaster kit. You’ll also learn what it takes to create synth-DIY electronic music studio. Get started in the fun and engaging hobby of synth-DIY without delay.
With this book, you’ll learn:The differences between analog and digital synthesizersAnalog synthesizer building blocks, including VCOs, VCFs, VCAs, and LFOsHow to tool up for synth-DIY, including electronic instruments and suggestions for home-made equipmentFoundational circuits for amplification, biasing, and signal mixingHow to work with the MFOS Noise Toaster kitSetting up a synth-DIY electronic music studio on a budget
The unique feature of coplanar waveguides, as opposed to moreconventional waveguides, is their uniplanar construction, in whichall of the conductors are aligned on the same side of thesubstrate. This feature simplifies manufacturing and allows fasterand less expensive characterization using on-wafer techniques.
Coplanar Waveguide Circuits, Components, and Systems isan engineer's complete resource, collecting all of the availabledata on the subject. Rainee Simons thoroughly discusses propagationparameters for conventional coplanar waveguides and includesvaluable details such as the derivation of the fundamentalequations, physical explanations, and numerical examples.
Coverage also includes:Discontinuities and circuit elementsTransitions to other transmission mediaDirectional couplers, hybrids, and magic TMicroelectromechanical systems based switches and phaseshiftersTunable devices using ferroelectric materialsPhotonic bandgap structuresPrinted circuit antennas
Spheroidal Wave Functions in Electromagnetic Theory presents in detail the theory of spheroidal wave functions, its applications to the analysis of electromagnetic fields in various spheroidal structures, and provides comprehensive programming codes for those computations.
The topics covered in this monograph include:Spheroidal coordinates and wave functions
Dyadic Green's functions in spheroidal systems
EM scattering by a conducting spheroid
EM scattering by a coated dielectric spheroid
SAR distributions in a spheroidal head model The programming codes and their applications are provided online and are written in Mathematica 3.0 or 4.0. Readers can also develop their own codes according to the theory or routine described in the book to find subsequent solutions of complicated structures.
Spheroidal Wave Functions in Electromagnetic Theory is a fundamental reference for scientists, engineers, and graduate students practicing modern computational electromagnetics or applied physics.
In this practical guide, electronics guru Simon Monk takes you under the hood of Arduino and reveals professional programming secrets. Featuring coverage of the Arduino Uno, Leonardo, and Due boards, Programming Arduino Next Steps: Going Further with Sketches shows you how to use interrupts, manage memory, program for the Internet, maximize serial communications, perform digital signal processing, and much more. All of the 75+ example sketches featured in the book are available for download.
Learn advanced Arduino programming techniques, including how to:Use hardware and timer interrupts Boost performance and speed by writing time-efficient sketches Minimize power consumption and memory usage Interface with different types of serial busses, including I2C, 1-Wire, SPI, and TTL Serial Use Arduino with USB, including the keyboard and mouse emulation features of the Leonardo and Due boards Program Arduino for the Internet Perform digital signal processing Accomplish more than one task at a time—without multi-threading Create and release your own code library
No other current books deal with this subject, and the author is a leading authority in the field of computer arithmetic. The text introduces the Conventional Radix Number System and the Signed-Digit Number System, as well as Residue Number System and Logarithmic Number System. This book serves as an essential, up-to-date guide for students of electrical engineering and computer and mathematical sciences, as well as practicing engineers and computer scientists involved in the design, application, and development of computer arithmetic units.
See Additional Notes for instructions to download the highly interactive PC software. Used in thousands of schools and colleges worldwide the software is designed to work as an interactive textbook on your PC screen.
Comprising hundreds of menu selected colourful topics where the graphic images (from your eBook) are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning software features.
A combined eBook and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
Chapters (958 topics): - Introduction, Electronics, Basic Electronics, DC Current Flow, Resistor Value Test, Simple DC Circuits, Types of Switching, Variable Voltages, Ohm's Law, DC Voltage, DC Current, Series/Parallel Resistors, AC Measurements, AC Voltage and Current, AC Theory, RCL Series Circuits, RCL Parallel Circuits, Capacitance, Capacitors, Inductance, Inductors, Impedance, Radio and Communication, Tuned Circuits, Attenuators, Passive Filters, Active Filters, Oscillators, Circuit Theorems, Complex Numbers, DC Power, AC Power, Silicon Controlled Rectifier, Power Supplies, Voltage Regulation, Magnetism, Electric Machines, Transformers, Three Phase Systems, Energy Transfer and Cost, Atomic Structures, Diode Theory, Diode Applications, Transistor Theory, Bipolar Transistor, Transistor Configurations, Active Transistor Circuits, Field Effect Transistors, Basic Operational Amplifier, Op-Amp Theory, Op-Amp Applications, Sum and Difference Amp, Analogue Multi-meter, Measurement, Component Testing, PIC Micro, PICa(R) Microcontroller, PICa(R) Architecture, PICa(R) Analogue to Digital, PICa(R) Byte Orientated Instructions, PICa(R) Bit Orientated Instructions, PICa(R) Literal and Control Instructions, Mechanics, Area, Surface Area and Symmetry, Volume, Compound Measures, Geometry, Motion, Machines, Optics, Computing, Hardware Devices, Data Structures, Data Files, Computer Systems, Data Handling, System Development, Computer Programming, Data Analysis, Binary Numbers, Binary Arithmetic, Digital, Logic Gates 1., Logic Gates 2., Logic Families, Flip Flops, Combinational Logic, Counters, Counting, Shift Registers, 555 Timer, Logic Interfacing, Boolean and DeMorgan's, Microprocessor, Micro-Computer, Data/Address Bus, Memory Addressing, Arithmetic and Logic Unit, Clock and Reset, Instructions and Control, Memory Cells, Microprocessor Memory, Addressing Modes, Instructions Set 1., Instructions Set 2., Instructions Set 3., Mathematics, Number Systems, Number Conversion, Number Types, Compound Measures, Roots, Angles and Parallels, Triangle Ratios, Triangle Angles, Percentages, Ratios, Fractions, Vectors, Circle Angles, Laws, Algebra 0., Algebra 1., Algebra 2., Mathematical Rules, Powers and Indices, Simplifying, Equations, Graphing, Slope and Translation, Curves and Angle Conversion, Personal Finance, Additional Notes.
Today's modern wireless mobile communications depend on adaptive"smart" antennas to provide maximum range and clarity. With therecent explosive growth of wireless applications, smart antennatechnology has achieved widespread commercial and militaryapplications.
The only book available on the topic of adaptive antennas usingdigital technology, this text reflects the latest developments insmart antenna technology and offers timely information onfundamentals, as well as new adaptive techniques developed by theauthors. Coupling electromagnetic aspects of antenna design withsignal processing techniques designed to promote accurate andefficient information exchange, the text presents variousmechanisms for characterizing signal-path loss associated withsignal propagation, particularly for mobile wireless communicationssystems based on such techniques as joint space-frequency adaptiveprocessing.
In clear, accessible language, the authors:
* explain the difference between adaptive antennas and adaptivesignal processing
* Illustrate the procedures for adaptive processing using directiveelements in a conformal array
* clarify multistage analysis procedure which combineselectromagnetic analysis with signal processing
* present a survey of the various models for characterizing radiowave propagation in urban and rural environments
* describe a method wherein it is possible to identify andeliminate multipath without spatial diversity
* optimize the location of base stations in a complexenvironment
The text is an excellent resource for researchers and engineersworking in electromagnetics and signal processing who deal withperformance improvement of adaptive techniques, as well as thosewho are concerned with the characterization of propagation channelsand applications of airborne phased arrays.
Featuring contributions from the foremost researchers in the field, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science is the first book devoted entirely to providing the fundamentals of adaptive optics along with its practical applications in vision science. The material for this book stems from collaborations fostered by the Center for Adaptive Optics, a consortium of more than thirty universities, government laboratories, and corporations.
Although the book is written primarily for researchers in vision science and ophthalmology, the field of adaptive optics has strong roots in astronomy. Researchers in both fields share this technology and, for this reason, the book includes chapters by both astronomers and vision scientists.
Following the introduction, chapters are divided into the following sections:
* Wavefront Measurement and Correction
* Retinal Imaging Applications
* Vision Correction Applications
* Design Examples
Readers will discover the remarkable proliferation of new applications of wavefront-related technologies developed for the human eye. For example, the book explores how wavefront sensors offer the promise of a new generation of vision correction methods that can deal with higher order aberrations beyond defocus and astigmatism, and how adaptive optics can produce images of the living retina with unprecedented resolution.
An appendix includes the Optical Society of America's Standards for Reporting Optical Aberrations. A glossary of terms and a symbol table are also included.
Adaptive Optics for Vision Science arms engineers, scientists, clinicians, and students with the basic concepts, engineering tools, and techniques needed to master adaptive optics applications in vision science and ophthalmology. Moreover, readers will discover the latest thinking and findings from the leading innovators in the field.
The Second Edition of this acclaimed publication enablesreaders to understand and apply the complex operation principles ofglobal positioning system (GPS) receivers. Although GPS receiversare widely used in everyday life to aid in positioning andnavigation, this is the only text that is devoted to completecoverage of their operation principles. The author, one of theforemost authorities in the GPS field, presents the material from asoftware receiver viewpoint, an approach that helps readers betterunderstand operation and that reflects the forecasted integrationof GPS receivers into such everyday devices as cellular telephones.Concentrating on civilian C/A code, the book provides the tools andinformation needed to understand and exploit all aspects ofreceiver technology as well as relevant navigation schemes:Overview of GPS basics and the constellation of satellites thatcomprise the GPS systemDetailed examination of GPS signal structure, acquisition, andtrackingStep-by-step presentation of the mathematical formulas forcalculating a user's positionDemonstration of the use of computer programs to run keyequationsInstructions for developing hardware to collect digitized datafor a software GPS receiverComplete chapter demonstrating a GPS receiver following asignal flow to determine a user's position
The Second Edition of this highly acclaimed text has beengreatly expanded, including three new chapters:Acquisition of weak signalsTracking of weak signalsGPS receiver related subjects
Following the author's expert guidance and easy-to-follow style,engineers and scientists learn all that is needed to understand,build, and operate GPS receivers. The book's logical flow frombasic concepts to applications makes it an excellent textbook forupper-level undergraduate and graduate students in electricalengineering, wireless communications, and computer science.
The fourth edition of the book is richer in contents presenting updated information on the fundamental aspects of various processes related to thermal power plants. The major thrust in the book is given on the hands-on procedure to deal with the normal and emergency situations during plant operation.
Beginning from the fundamentals, the book, explores the vast concepts of boilers, steam turbines and other auxiliary systems. Following a simple text format and easy-to-grasp language, the book explicates various real-life situation-related topics involving operation, commissioning, maintenance, electrical and instrumentation of a power plant.
NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION
• The text now incorporates a new chapter on Environmental and Safety Aspects of Thermal Power Plants.
• New sections on Softener, Water Treatment of Supercritical Boiler, Wet Mode and Dry Mode Operation of Supercritical Boiler, Electromatic Pressure Relief Valve, Pressure Reducing and Desuperheating (PRDS) System, Orsat Apparatus, and Safety Interlocks and Auto Control Logics in Boiler have been added in related chapters.
• Several sections have been updated to provide the reader with the latest information.
• A new appendix on Important Information on Power Generation has been incorporated into the text.
Dealing with all the latest coverage, the book is written to address the requirements of the undergraduate students of power plant engineering. Besides this, the text would also cater to the needs of those candidates who are preparing for Boiler Operation Engineers (BOE) Examination and the undergraduate/postgraduate students who are pursuing courses in various power training institutes. The book will also be of immense use to the students of postgraduate diploma course in thermal power plant engineering.
• Covers almost all the functional areas of thermal power plants in its systematically arranged topics.
• Incorporates more than 500 self-test questions in chapter-end exercises to test the student’s grasp of the fundamental concepts and BOE Examination preparation.
• Involves numerous well-labelled diagrams throughout the book leading to easy learning.
• Provides several solved numerical problems that generally arise during the functioning of thermal power plants.
Advanced communication microsystems—the latest technology to emerge in the semiconductor sector after microprocessors—require integration of diverse signal processing blocks in a power-efficient and cost-effective manner. Typically, these systems include data acquisition, data processing, telemetry, and power management. The overall development is a synergy among system, circuit, and component-level designs with a strong emphasis on integration.
This book is targeted at students, researchers, and industry practitioners in the semiconductor area who require a thorough understanding of integrated communication microsystems from a developer's perspective. The book thoroughly and carefully explores:
Fundamental requirements of communication microsystems
System design and considerations for wired and wireless communication microsystems
Advanced block-level design techniques for communication microsystems
Integration of communication systems in a hybrid environment
Power and form factor trade-offs in building integrated microsystems
Advanced Integrated Communication Microsystems is an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses. It also serves as a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in circuit design for telecommunications and related fields.
Premised on the idea that one cannot know a science withoutknowing its history, History of Wireless offers a lively newtreatment that introduces previously unacknowledged pioneers anddevelopments, setting a new standard for understanding theevolution of this important technology.
Starting with the background-magnetism, electricity, light, andMaxwell's Electromagnetic Theory-this book offers new insights intothe initial theory and experimental exploration of wireless. Inaddition to the well-known contributions of Maxwell, Hertz, andMarconi, it examines work done by Heaviside, Tesla, and passionateamateurs such as the Kentucky melon farmer Nathan Stubblefield andthe unsung hero Antonio Meucci. Looking at the story frommathematical, physics, technical, and other perspectives, theclearly written text describes the development of wireless within avivid scientific milieu.
History of Wireless also goes into other key areas,including:The work of J. C. Bose and J. A. FlemingGerman, Japanese, and Soviet contributions to physics andapplications of electromagnetic oscillations and wavesWireless telegraphic and telephonic development and attempts toachieve transatlantic wireless communicationsWireless telegraphy in South Africa in the early twentiethcenturyAntenna development in Japan: past and presentSoviet quasi-optics at near-mm and sub-mm wavelengthsThe evolution of electromagnetic waveguidesThe history of phased array antennas
Augmenting the typical, Marconi-centered approach, History ofWireless fills in the conventionally accepted story withattention to more specific, less-known discoveries and individuals,and challenges traditional assumptions about the origins and growthof wireless. This allows for a more comprehensive understanding ofhow various components and systems evolved. Written in a clear tonewith a broad scientific audience in mind, this exciting andthorough treatment is sure to become a classic in the field.
Repair all kinds of electrical products, from modern digital gadgets to analog antiques, with help from this updated book. How to Diagnose and Fix Everything Electronic, Second Edition, offers expert insights, case studies, and step-by-step instruction from a lifelong electronics guru. Discover how to assemble your workbench, use the latest test equipment, zero in on and replace dead components, and handle reassembly. Instructions for specific devices, including stereos, MP3 players, digital cameras, flat-panel TVs, laptops, headsets, and mobile devices are also included in this do-it-yourself guide.Choose the proper tools and set up your workbench Ensure personal safety and use proper eye and ear protection Understand how electrical components work and why they fail Perform preliminary diagnoses based on symptoms Use test equipment, including digital multimeters, ESR meters, frequency
counters, and oscilloscopes Interpret block, schematic, and pictorial diagrams Disassemble products and identify sections Analyze circuits, locate faults, and replace dead parts Re-establish connections and reassemble devices
This comprehensive book offers an extensive presentation of a newmethodology for phased array antenna analysis based on Floquetmodal expansion. Engineers, researchers, and advanced graduatestudents involved in phased array antenna technology will find thissystematic presentation an invaluable reference.
Elaborating from fundamental principles, the author presents anin-depth treatment of the Floquet modal based approach. Detailedderivations of theorems and concepts are provided, making PhasedArray Antennas a self-contained work. Each chapter is followed byseveral practice problems. In addition, numerous design examplesand guidelines will be found highly useful by those engaged in thepractical application of this new approach to phased arraystructures.
Broadly organized into three sections, Phased Array Antennascovers:
* The development of the Floquet modal based approach to theanalysis of phased array antennas
* Application of the Floquet modal based approach to importantphased array structures
* Shaped beam array synthesis, array beam forming networks, activephased array systems, and statistical analysis of phasedarrays
Incorporating the most recent developments in phased arraytechnology, Phased Array Antennas is an essential resource forstudents of phased array theory, as well as research professionalsand engineers engaged in the design and construction of phasedarray antennas.
Welcome to the world of shoes that can dynamically shift your height, jackets that display when the next bus is coming, and neckties that can nudge your business partner from across the room. Whether it be for fashion, function, or human connectedness, wearable electronics can be used to design interactive systems that are intimate and engaging.
Make: Wearable Electronics is intended for those with an interest in physical computing who are looking to create interfaces or systems that live on the body. Perfect for makers new to wearable tech, this book introduces you to the tools, materials, and techniques for creating interactive electronic circuits and embedding them in clothing and other things you can wear.
Each chapter features experiments to get you comfortable with the technology and then invites you to build upon that knowledge with your own projects. Fully illustrated with step-by-step instructions and images of amazing creations made by artists and professional designers, this book offers a concrete understanding of electronic circuits and how you can use them to bring your wearable projects from concept to prototype.
This book examines the biological effects of RF/microwaves andtheir medical applications. Readers will discover new developmentsin therapeutic applications in such areas as cardiology, urology,surgery, ophthalmology, and oncology. The authors also presentdeveloping applications in such areas as cancer detection and organimaging.
Focusing on frequency ranges from 100 kHz to 10 GHz, RF/MicrowaveInteraction with Biological Tissues is divided into sixchapters:
* Fundamentals in Electromagnetics--examines penetration ofRF/microwaves into biological tissues; skin effect; relaxationeffects in materials and the Cole-Cole model (display); the nearfield of an antenna; blackbody radiation and the various associatedlaws; and microwave measurements.
* RF/Microwave Interaction Mechanisms in BiologicalMaterials--includes a section devoted to the fundamentals ofthermodynamics and a discussion on energy and entropy.
* Biological Effects--investigates the effects of radio frequencyfields on the nervous system, the brain and spinal cord, theblood-brain barrier, and cells and membranes.
* Thermal Therapy--includes a description of applicators and anextensive discussion on the foundation of dielectric heating andinductive heating.
* EM-Wave Absorbers Protecting the Biological and MedicalEnvironment--investigates materials for EM-wave absorbers from botha theoretical and applications perspective. Special attention isgiven to ferrite absorbers.
* RF/Microwave Delivery Systems for TherapeuticApplications--begins with the fundamental features of majorcomponents used in RF/microwave delivery systems for therapeuticapplications. New research towards the development of futuremeasurement techniques is also presented.
The book features problem sets at the end of each chapter, makingit an excellent introduction for bioengineering and engineeringstudents. Researchers, physicians, and technicians in the fieldwill also find this an excellent reference that offers all thefundamentals, the most cutting-edge applications, and insight intofuture developments.
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all theproblems in the book is available from the Wiley editorialdepartment.
An introductory chapter on the history of asymmetric passivecomponents, which began with asymmetric ring hybrids firstdescribed by the author, sets the background for the book. It laysa solid foundation with a chapter examining microwave circuitparameters such as scattering, ABCD, impedance, admittance, andimage. A valuable feature of this chapter is a conversion tablebetween the various circuit matrices characterizing two-portnetworks terminated in arbitrary impedances. The correct conversionhas also never been treated in previous works.
Next, the author sets forth a thorough treatment of asymmetricpassive component design, which covers the basic and indispensableelements for integration with other active or passive devices,including:
* Asymmetric ring hybrids
* Asymmetric branch-line hybrids
* Asymmetric three-port power dividers and N-way powerdividers
* Asymmetric ring hybrid phase shifters and attenuators
* Asymmetric ring filters and asymmetric impedancetransformers
With its focus on the principles of circuit element design, this isa must-have graduate-level textbook for students in microwaveengineering, as well as a reference for design engineers who wantto learn the new and powerful design method for asymmetric passivecomponents.
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips--whether you're refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.
Volume 2 covers signal processing, including LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer's tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semiconductors; Volume 2 includes LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
Metamaterials with Negative Parameters represents theonly unified treatment of metamaterials available in one convenientbook. Devoted mainly to metamaterials that can be characterized bya negative effective permittivity and/or permeability, the bookincludes a wide overview of the most important topics, scientificfundamentals, and technical applications of metamaterials.
Chapter coverage includes: the electrodynamics of left-handedmedia, synthesis of bulk metamaterials, synthesis of metamaterialsin planar technology, microwave applications of metamaterialconcepts, and advanced and related topics, including SRR- andCSRR-based admittance surfaces, magneto- and electro-inductivewaves, and sub-diffraction imaging devices. A list of problems andreferences is included at the end of each chapter, and abibliography offers a complete, up-to-daterepresentation of thecurrent state of the art in metamaterials.
Geared toward students and professionals alike, Metamaterialswith Negative Parameters is an ideal textbook for postgraduatecourses and also serves as a valuable introductory reference forscientists and RF/microwave engineers.
Unlock accompanying software with your eBook receipt!
Chapters (360 topics): Introduction, Radio and Communication, Basic Electronics, DC Current Flow, Resistor Value Test, Simple DC Circuits, Types of Switching, Variable Voltages, Ohm's Law, DC Voltage, DC Current, Series/Parallel Resistors, AC Measurements, AC Voltage and Current, AC Theory, RCL Series Circuits, RCL Parallel Circuits, Capacitance, Capacitors, Inductance, Inductors, Impedance, Tuned Circuits, Attenuators, Passive Filters, Active Filters, Oscillators, Circuit Theorems, Complex Numbers, DC Power, AC Power, Silicon Controlled Rectifier, Power Supplies, Voltage Regulation, Magnetism, Electric Machines, Transformers, Three Phase Systems, Energy Transfer and Cost, Atomic Structures, Diode Theory, Diode Applications, Transistor Theory, Bipolar Transistor, Transistor Configurations, Active Transistor Circuits, Field Effect Transistors, Basic Operational Amplifier, Op-Amp Theory, Op-Amp Applications, Sum and Difference Amp, Analogue Multi-meter, Component Testing, Additional Notes.
As digital devices continue to be produced at increasingly lower costs and with higher speeds, the need for effective electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) design practices has become more critical than ever to avoid unnecessary costs in bringing products into compliance with governmental regulations. The Second Edition of this landmark text has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect these major developments that affect both academia and the electronics industry. Readers familiar with the First Edition will find much new material, including:
* Latest U.S. and international regulatory requirements
* PSpice used throughout the textbook to simulate EMC analysis solutions
* Methods of designing for Signal Integrity
* Fortran programs for the simulation of Crosstalk supplied on a CD
* OrCAD(r) PSpice(r) Release 10.0 and Version 8 Demo Edition software supplied on a CD
* The final chapter on System Design for EMC completely rewritten
* The chapter on Crosstalk rewritten to simplify the mathematics
Detailed, worked-out examples are now included throughout the text. In addition, review exercises are now included following the discussion of each important topic to help readers assess their grasp of the material. Several appendices are new to this edition including Phasor Analysis of Electric Circuits, The Electromagnetic Field Equations and Waves, Computer Codes for Calculating the Per-Unit-Length Parameters and Crosstalk of Multiconductor Transmission Lines, and a SPICE (PSPICE) tutorial.
Now thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility remains the textbook of choice for university/college EMC courses as well as a reference for EMC design engineers.
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.
In the decade since High-Speed VLSI Interconnections was firstpublished, several major developments have taken place in thefield. Now, updated to reflect these advancements, this SecondEdition includes new information on copper interconnections,nanotechnology circuit interconnects, electromigration in thecopper interconnections, parasitic inductances, and RLC models forcomprehensive analysis of interconnection delays andcrosstalk.
Each chapter is designed to exist independently or as a part of onecoherent unit, and several appropriate exercises are provided atthe end of each chapter, challenging the reader to gain furtherinsight into the contents being discussed. Chapter subjectsinclude:
Parasitic Resistances, Capacitances, and Inductances
Electromigration-Induced Failure Analysis
High-Speed VLSI Interconnections, Second Edition is anindispensable reference for high-speed VLSI designers, RF circuitdesigners, and advanced students of electrical engineering.
This book is an invaluable resource for burgeoning audio engineers. With clear writing and comprehensive illustrations, fundamental concepts of acoustics are explained in easy to understand language. The operating principles of the essential components of a sound system, as well as their use in the design and implementation of the system, are covered in detail. Operational aspects of executing a live performance are also given full treatment.
By providing practical information surrounding the concepts, implementations, and practices central to live sound reinforcement, this book sets the foundation upon which to build and move forward with confidence.
This book facilitates a sound understanding of the free-runningoscillation mechanism, the start-up from the noise level, and theestablishment of the steady-state oscillation. It deals with theoperation principles and main characteristics of free-running andinjection-locked oscillators, coupled oscillators, and parametricfrequency dividers.
Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuitsprovides:
An exploration of the main nonlinear-analysis methods, withemphasis on harmonic balance and envelope transient methods
Techniques for the efficient simulation of the most commonautonomous regimes
A presentation and comparison of the main stability-analysismethods in the frequency domain
A detailed examination of the instabilization mechanisms thatdelimit the operation bands of autonomous circuits
Coverage of techniques used to eliminate common types ofundesired behavior, such as spurious oscillations, hysteresis, andchaos
A thorough presentation of the oscillator phase noise
A comparison of the main methodologies of phase-noiseanalysis
Techniques for autonomous circuit optimization, based onharmonic balance
A consideration of different design objectives: presetting theoscillation frequency and output power, increasing efficiency,modifying the transient duration, and imposing operation bands
Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits is avaluable resource for microwave designers, oscillator designers,and graduate students in RF microwave design.
This reference provides a comprehensive survey of options forthe reduction of the electromagnetic field levels in prescribedareas. After an introduction and an overview of availablematerials, it discusses figures of merit for shieldingconfigurations, the shielding effectiveness of stratified media,numerical methods for shielding analyses, apertures in planar metalscreens, enclosures, and cable shielding. Up to date andcomprehensive, Electromagnetic Shielding:
Explores new and innovative techniques in electromagneticshielding
Presents a critical approach to electromagnetic shielding thathighlights the limits of formulations based on plane-wavesources
Analyzes aspects not normally considered in electromagneticshielding, such as the effects of the content of the shieldingenclosures
Includes references at the end of each chapter to facilitatefurther study
The last three chapters discuss frequency-selective shielding,shielding design procedures, and uncommon ways ofshielding—areas ripe for further research. This is anauthoritative, hands-on resource for practicing telecommunicationsand electrical engineers, as well as researchers in industry andacademia who are involved in the design and analysis ofelectromagnetic shielding structures.
--Rich Blum, author, Sams Teach Yourself Arduino Programming in 24 Hours and Sams Teach Yourself Python Programming for Raspberry Pi in 24 Hours
Powerful, flexible, and inexpensive, EAGLE is the ideal PCB design solution for every Maker/DIYer, startup, hobbyist, or student. Today, all open source Arduino designs are released in EAGLE format: If you want to design cost-effective new PCBs, this is the tool to learn.
Matthew Scarpino helps you take full advantage of EAGLE’s remarkable capabilities. You won’t find any differential equations here: only basic circuit theory and hands-on techniques for designing effective PCBs and getting innovative new gadgets to market.
Scarpino starts with an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of PCB design. Next, he walks through the design of basic, intermediate, and complex circuit boards, starting with a simple inverting amplifier and culminating in a six-layer single-board computer with hundreds of components and thousands of routed connections.
As the circuits grow more complex, you’ll master advanced EAGLE features and discover how to automate crucial design-related tasks. Whatever your previous experience, Scarpino’s start-to-finish examples and practical insight can help you create designs of stunning power and efficiency.
Understand single-sided, double-sided, and multilayer boards Design practical circuits with the schematic editor Transform schematics into physical board designs Convert board designs into Gerber output files for fabrication Expand EAGLE’s capabilities with new libraries and components Exchange designs with LTspice and simulate their responses to input Automate simple repetitive operations with editor commands Streamline circuit design and library generation with User Language programs (ULPs) Design for the advanced BeagleBone Black, with high-speed BGA devices and a 32-bit system on a chip (SoC) Use buses to draw complex connections between components Configure stackups, create/route BGA components, and route high-speed signals eagle-book.com provides an archive containing the design files for the book’s circuits. It also includes EAGLE libraries, scripts, and User Language programs (ULPs).
Localized waves—also known as non-diffractivewaves—are beams and pulses capable of resisting diffractionand dispersion over long distances even in non-guiding media.Predicted to exist in the early 1970s and obtained theoreticallyand experimentally as solutions to the wave equations starting in1992, localized waves now garner intense worldwide research withapplications in all fields where a role is played by a waveequation, from electromagnetism to acoustics and quantum physics.In the electromagnetics areas, they are paving the way, forinstance, to ubiquitous secure communications in the range ofmillimeter waves, terahertz frequencies, and optics. At last, thelocalized waves with an envelope at rest are expected to haveimportant applications especially in medicine.
Localized Waves brings together the world's most productiveresearchers in the field to offer a well-balanced presentation oftheory and experiments in this new and exciting subject. Composedof thirteen chapters, this dynamic volume:
Presents a thorough review of the theoretical foundation andhistorical aspects of localized waves
Explores the interconnections of the subject with othertechnologies and scientific areas
Analyzes the effect of arbitrary anisotropies on bothcontinuous-wave and pulsed non-diffracting fields
Describes the physical nature and experimental implementation oflocalized waves
Provides a general overview of wave localization, for example inphotonic crystals, which have received increasing attention inrecent years
Localized Waves is the first book to cover this emerging topic,making it an indispensable resource in particular for researchersin electromagnetics, acoustics, fundamental physics, and free-spacecommunications, while also serving as a requisite text for graduatestudents.