This book examines key technology advances in high spectral-efficiency fiber-optic communication systems and networks, enabled by the use of coherent detection and digital signal processing (DSP). The first of this book’s 16 chapters is a detailed introduction. Chapter 2 reviews the modulation formats, while Chapter 3 focuses on detection and error correction technologies for coherent optical communication systems. Chapters 4 and 5 are devoted to Nyquist-WDM and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). In chapter 6, polarization and nonlinear impairments in coherent optical communication systems are discussed. The fiber nonlinear effects in a non-dispersion-managed system are covered in chapter 7. Chapter 8 describes linear impairment equalization and Chapter 9 discusses various nonlinear mitigation techniques. Signal synchronization is covered in Chapters 10 and 11. Chapter 12 describes the main constraints put on the DSP algorithms by the hardware structure. Chapter 13 addresses the fundamental concepts and recent progress of photonic integration. Optical performance monitoring and elastic optical network technology are the subjects of Chapters 14 and 15. Finally, Chapter 16 discusses spatial-division multiplexing and MIMO processing technology, a potential solution to solve the capacity limit of single-mode fibers.
• Contains basic theories and up-to-date technology advancements in each chapter
• Describes how capacity-approaching coding schemes based on low-density parity check (LDPC) and spatially coupled LDPC codes can be constructed by combining iterative demodulation and decoding
• Demonstrates that fiber nonlinearities can be accurately described by some analytical models, such as GN-EGN model
• Presents impairment equalization and mitigation techniques
Enabling Technologies for High Spectral-efficiency Coherent Optical Communication Networks is a reference for researchers, engineers, and graduate students.
Xiang Zhou is a Tech Lead within Google Platform Advanced Technology. Before joining Google, he was with AT&T Labs, conducting research on various aspects of optical transmission and photonics networking technologies. Dr. Zhou is an OSA fellow and an associate editor for Optics Express. He has extensive publications in the field of optical communications.
Chongjin Xie is a senior director at Ali Infrastructure Service, Alibaba Group. Before joining Alibaba Group, he was a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent. Dr. Xie is a fellow of OSA and senior member of IEEE. He is an associate editor of the Journal of Lightwave Technology and has served in various conference committees.
The book proposes new approaches to chipless RFID tag encoding and tag detection that supersede their predecessors in signal processing, tag design, and reader architectures. The text is divided into two main sections: the first section introduces the fundamentals of electromagnetic (EM) imaging at mm-wave band to enhance the content capacity of Chipless RFID systems. The EM Imaging through Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) technique is used for data extraction. The second section presents a few smart tag detection techniques for existing chipless RFID systems. A Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO) based tag detection technique improves the spectral efficiency and increases data bit capacity. The book concludes with a discussion of how the MIMO approach can be combined with the image based technique to introduce a complete solution with a fast imaging approach to chipless RFID systems. The book has the following salient features:Discusses new approaches to chipless RFID tags such as EM imaging, high capacity data encoding, and robust tag detection techniques Presents techniques to enhance data content capacity of tags and reliable tag detection for the readers at unlicensed microwave and mm-wave 2.45, 24 and 60 GHz instrumentation, scientific and medical (ISM) frequency bands Includes case studies of real-world applications
With its many superior qualities, photonic sensing technology is increasingly used in early-detection and early-warning systems for biological hazards, structural flaws, and security threats. Photonic Sensing provides for the first time a comprehensive review of this exciting and rapidly evolving field, focusing on the development of cutting-edge applications in diverse areas of safety and security, from biodetection to biometrics.
The book brings together contributions from leading experts in the field, fostering effective solutions for the development of specialized materials, novel optical devices, and networking algorithms and platforms. A number of specific areas of safety and security monitoring are covered, including background information, operation principles, analytical techniques, and applications. Topics include:Document security and structural integrity monitoring, as well as the detection of food pathogens and bacteria Surface plasmon sensors, micro-based cytometry, optofluidic techniques, and optical coherence tomography Optic fiber sensors for explosive detection and photonic liquid crystal fiber sensors for security monitoring Photonics-assisted frequency measurement with promising electronic warfare applications
An invaluable, multidisciplinary resource for researchers and professionals in photonic sensing, as well as safety and security monitoring, this book will help readers jump-start their own research and development in areas of physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, mechanics, electronics, and defense.
--Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit), and author of Much Ado About Almost Nothing: Man's Encounter with the Electron (Booklocker.com)
"A fabulous book: well written, well paced, fun, and informative. I also love the sense of humor. It's very good at disarming the fear. And it's gorgeous. I'll be recommending this book highly."
--Tom Igoe, author of Physical Computing and Making Things Talk
Want to learn the fundamentals of electronics in a fun, hands-on way? With Make: Electronics, you'll start working on real projects as soon as you crack open the book. Explore all of the key components and essential principles through a series of fascinating experiments. You'll build the circuits first, then learn the theory behind them!
Build working devices, from simple to complex You'll start with the basics and then move on to more complicated projects. Go from switching circuits to integrated circuits, and from simple alarms to programmable microcontrollers. Step-by-step instructions and more than 500 full-color photographs and illustrations will help you use -- and understand -- electronics concepts and techniques.Discover by breaking things: experiment with components and learn from failure Set up a tricked-out project space: make a work area at home, equipped with the tools and parts you'll need Learn about key electronic components and their functions within a circuit Create an intrusion alarm, holiday lights, wearable electronic jewelry, audio processors, a reflex tester, and a combination lock Build an autonomous robot cart that can sense its environment and avoid obstacles Get clear, easy-to-understand explanations of what you're doing and why
Who needs an electrical engineering degree? This intuitive guide shows how to wire, disassemble, tweak, and re-purpose everyday devices quickly and easily. Packed with full-color illustrations, photos, and diagrams, Hacking Electronics teaches by doing--each topic features fun, easy-to-follow projects. Discover how to hack sensors, accelerometers, remote controllers, ultrasonic rangefinders, motors, stereo equipment, microphones, and FM transmitters. The final chapter contains useful information on getting the most out of cheap or free bench and software tools.Safely solder, join wires, and connect switches Identify components and read schematic diagrams Understand the how and why of electronics theory Work with transistors, LEDs, and laser diode modules Power your devices with a/c supplies, batteries, or solar panels Get up and running on Arduino boards and pre-made modules Use sensors to detect everything from noxious gas to acceleration Build and modify audio amps, microphones, and transmitters Fix gadgets and scavenge useful parts from dead equipment
This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.
This book offers coverage of developments in linear macromodeling, with a focus on effective, proven methods. After starting with a definition of the fundamental properties that must characterize models of physical systems, the authors discuss several prominent passive macromodeling algorithms for lumped and distributed systems and compare them under accuracy, efficiency, and robustness standpoints. The book includes chapters with standard background material (such as linear time-invariant circuits and systems, basic discretization of field equations, state-space systems), as well as appendices collecting basic facts from linear algebra, optimization templates, and signals and transforms. The text also covers more technical and advanced topics, intended for the specialist, which may be skipped at first reading.
Provides coverage of black-box passive macromodeling, an approach developed by the authors Elaborates on main concepts and results in a mathematically precise way using easy-to-understand language Illustrates macromodeling concepts through dedicated examples Includes a comprehensive set of end-of-chapter problems and exercises
Passive Macromodeling: Theory and Applications serves as a reference for senior or graduate level courses in electrical engineering programs, and to engineers in the fields of numerical modeling, simulation, design, and optimization of electrical/electronic systems.
Stefano Grivet-Talocia, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Circuit Theory at the Politecnico di Torino in Turin, Italy, and President of IdemWorks. Dr. Grivet-Talocia is author of over 150 technical papers published in international journals and conference proceedings. He invented several algorithms in the area of passive macromodeling, making them available through IdemWorks.
Bjørn Gustavsen, PhD, is a Chief Research Scientist in Energy Systems at SINTEF Energy Research in Trondheim, Norway. More than ten years ago, Dr. Gustavsen developed the original version of the vector fitting method with Prof. Semlyen at the University of Toronto. The vector fitting method is one of the most widespread approaches for model extraction. Dr. Gustavsen is also an IEEE fellow.
Although the microstrip filter remains as the main transmission line medium for these new developments, there has been a new trend of using combined planar transmission line structures such as co-planar waveguide (CPW) and slotted ground structures for novel physical implementations beyond the single layer in order to achieve filter miniaturization and better performance.
Also, over the years, practitioners have suggested topics that should be added for completeness, or deleted in some cases, as they were not very useful in practice.
In view of the above, the authors are proposing a revised version of the “Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications” text and a slightly changed book title of “Planar Filters for RF/Microwave Applications” to reflect the aforementioned trends in the revised book.
Build your drone, step-by-step, with this full-color, hands-on guide!
You’ve heard about drones. You’ve seen drones. Now, build your own—it’s a lot easier than you think!
Drones are the newest frontier for the DIY/maker community, and you don’t need to be a technical expert to build one. John Baichtal, the #1 author of hardware hacking books for beginners, will teach you all the skills you need.
First, Baichtal shows you the amazing drones others have built. Then, he walks you through several complete projects: quadcopters, UAVs, ROVs, and more. Not ready to start from scratch? No problem: Baichtal helps you choose from today’s best new kits.
Hundreds of full-color step-by-step photos teach you every step, every skill. When you’re ready for more advanced concepts, Baichtal explains them in plain English.Discover what drones are and why they’re so exciting Explore today’s most imaginative projects, from 3D-printed mini quadcopters to floating robot armies Compare kits, from $200 up: Parallax ELEV-8, DJI Phantom 2 Vision+, OpenROV, Actobotics Nomad, Brooklyn Aerodrome Flack, and more Create your own practical Drone Builder’s Workbench Build complete rocket, blimp, waterborne, and automotive drones Construct both fully autonomous and radio-controlled drones Choose and assemble your chassis (airframe), motor, props, flight control, power system, accessories, and software Integrate Arduino to make radio-controlled drones operate autonomously Teach a drone to navigate via RFID tags Learn all the basic electronics and programming you’ll need
Since the first publication of this important volume over a decade ago, dramatic changes have taken place with the solar market growing almost 100-fold and the U.S. moving from first to fourth place in the world market as analyzed in this Second Edition. Three bold new opportunities are identified for any countries wanting to improve market position. The first is combining pin solar cells with 3X concentration to achieve economic competitiveness near term. The second is charging battery-powered cars with solar cell–generated electricity from arrays in surrounding areas—including the car owners' homes—while simultaneously reducing their home electricity bills by over ninety percent. The third is formation of economic "unions" of sufficient combined economic size to be major competitors.
In this updated edition, feed-in tariffs are identified as the most effective approach for public policy. Reasons are provided to explain why pin solar cells outperform more traditional pn solar cells. Field test data are reported for nineteen percent pin solar cells and for ~500X concentrating systems with bare cell efficiencies approaching forty percent. Paths to bare cell efficiencies over fifty percent are described, and key missing program elements are identified. Since government support is needed for new technology prototype integration and qualification testing before manufacturing scale up, the key economic measure is identified in this volume as the electricity cost in cents per kilowatt-hour at the complete installed system level, rather than just the up-front solar cell modules' costs in dollars per watt.
This Second Edition will benefit technologists in the fields of solar cells and systems; solar cell researchers; power systems designers; academics studying microelectronics, semiconductors, and solar cells; business students and investors with a technical focus; and government and political officials developing public policy.
Advance your electronics knowledge and gain the skills necessary to develop and construct your own functioning gadgets. Written by a pair of experienced engineers and dedicated hobbyists, Practical Electronics for Inventors, Fourth Edition, lays out the essentials and provides step-by-step instructions, schematics, and illustrations. Discover how to select the right components, design and build circuits, use microcontrollers and ICs, work with the latest software tools, and test and tweak your creations. This easy-to-follow book features new instruction on programmable logic, semiconductors, operational amplifiers, voltage regulators, power supplies, digital electronics, and more.
Practical Electronics for Inventors, Fourth Edition, covers:
This book is devoted to the analysis, study and applications of artificial transmission lines mostly implemented by means of a host line conveniently modified (e.g., with modulation of transverse dimensions, with etched patterns in the metallic layers, etc.) or with reactive loading, in order to achieve novel device functionalities, superior performance, and/or reduced size.
The author begins with an introductory chapter dedicated to the fundamentals of planar transmission lines. Chapter 2 is focused on artificial transmission lines based on periodic structures (including non-uniform transmission lines and reactively-loaded lines), and provides a comprehensive analysis of the coupled mode theory. Chapters 3 and 4 are dedicated to artificial transmission lines inspired by metamaterials, or based on metamaterial concepts. These chapters include the main practical implementations of such lines and their circuit models, and a wide overview of their RF/microwave applications (including passive and active circuits and antennas). Chapter 5 focuses on reconfigurable devices based on tunable artificial lines, and on non-linear transmission lines. The chapter also introduces several materials and components to achieve tuning, including diode varactors, RF-MEMS, ferroelectrics, and liquid crystals. Finally, Chapter 6 covers other advanced transmission lines and wave guiding structures, such as electroinductive-/magnetoinductive-wave lines, common-mode suppressed balanced lines, lattice-network artificial lines, and substrate integrated waveguides.
Artificial Transmission Lines for RF and Microwave Applications provides an in-depth analysis and discussion of artificial transmission lines, including design guidelines that can be useful to researchers, engineers and students.
• Reviews all the latest specialty optical fiber technologies, including those developed for high capacity WDM applications; broadband fiber amplifiers; fiber filleters based on periodic coupling; fiber branching devices; and fiber terminations
• Discusses key differences among single mode fibers, multimode fibers for high speed Ethernet LAN, and dispersion compensating fibers for long-haul applications
• Compares the most recently developed conventional optical fibers with the latest photonic crystal fibers still in development
A self-contained, menu-driven software program is included for optical fiber design, simulating waveguide structures for most of the fibers discussed in the book.
At the end of the book, you’ll apply everything you’ve learned by building an analog synthesizer, using the MFOS Noise Toaster kit. You’ll also learn what it takes to create synth-DIY electronic music studio. Get started in the fun and engaging hobby of synth-DIY without delay.
With this book, you’ll learn:The differences between analog and digital synthesizersAnalog synthesizer building blocks, including VCOs, VCFs, VCAs, and LFOsHow to tool up for synth-DIY, including electronic instruments and suggestions for home-made equipmentFoundational circuits for amplification, biasing, and signal mixingHow to work with the MFOS Noise Toaster kitSetting up a synth-DIY electronic music studio on a budget
major techniques for analyzing
microwave planar transmission line structures
The last two decades have seen important progress in the development of methods for the analysis of microwave and millimeter-wave passive structures, which contributed greatly to microwave integrated circuit design while also stimulating the development of new planar transmission lines. This timely and authoritative work introduces microwave engineers to the most commonly used techniques for analyzing microwave planar transmission line structures.
Designed to be easily accessible to readers with only a fundamental background in electromagnetic theory, the book provides clear explanations of the theory and applications of Green's function, the conformal-mapping method, spectral domain methods, variational methods, and the mode-matching methods. Coverage for each method is self-contained and supplemented with problems and solutions as well as useful figures.
In addition to providing detailed formulations of the methods under discussion, this highly practical book also demonstrates how to apply the principles of electromagnetic theory to the analysis of microwave boundary value problems, customize methods for specific needs, and develop new techniques. Analysis Methods for RF, Microwave, and Millimeter-Wave Planar Transmission Line Structures is an excellent working resource for anyone involved in the design and engineering of RF, microwave, and millimeter-wave integrated circuits.
Convenient, concise, well-organized, and precise
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips—whether you’re refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumes Incredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sources Easy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component type Authoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurate Reliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer’s tutorials Instructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workarounds Comprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
As the basis for some of the hottest technologies of the new millennium, radio frequency (RF) and microwave wireless systems rapidly propel us toward a future in which the transmission of voice, video, and data communications will be possible anywhere in the world through the use of simple, handheld devices.
This book provides scientists and engineers with clear, thorough, up-to-date explanations of all aspects of RF and microwave wireless systems, including general hardware components, system parameters, and architectures. Renowned authority Kai Chang covers both communication and radar/sensor systems and extends the discussion to other intriguing topics, from global positioning systems (GPS) to smart highways and smart automobiles. With an emphasis on basic operating principles, Dr. Chang reviews waves and transmission lines, examines modulation and demodulation and multiple-access techniques, and helps bridge the gap between RF/microwave engineering and communication system design. Ample practical examples of components and system configurations and nearly 300 illustrations and photographs complete this timely and indispensable resource.
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department
In this practical guide, electronics guru Simon Monk takes you under the hood of Arduino and reveals professional programming secrets. Featuring coverage of the Arduino Uno, Leonardo, and Due boards, Programming Arduino Next Steps: Going Further with Sketches shows you how to use interrupts, manage memory, program for the Internet, maximize serial communications, perform digital signal processing, and much more. All of the 75+ example sketches featured in the book are available for download.
Learn advanced Arduino programming techniques, including how to:Use hardware and timer interrupts Boost performance and speed by writing time-efficient sketches Minimize power consumption and memory usage Interface with different types of serial busses, including I2C, 1-Wire, SPI, and TTL Serial Use Arduino with USB, including the keyboard and mouse emulation features of the Leonardo and Due boards Program Arduino for the Internet Perform digital signal processing Accomplish more than one task at a time—without multi-threading Create and release your own code library
See Additional Notes for instructions to download the highly interactive PC software. Used in thousands of schools and colleges worldwide the software is designed to work as an interactive textbook on your PC screen.
Comprising hundreds of menu selected colourful topics where the graphic images (from your eBook) are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning software features.
A combined eBook and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
Chapters (958 topics): - Introduction, Electronics, Basic Electronics, DC Current Flow, Resistor Value Test, Simple DC Circuits, Types of Switching, Variable Voltages, Ohm's Law, DC Voltage, DC Current, Series/Parallel Resistors, AC Measurements, AC Voltage and Current, AC Theory, RCL Series Circuits, RCL Parallel Circuits, Capacitance, Capacitors, Inductance, Inductors, Impedance, Radio and Communication, Tuned Circuits, Attenuators, Passive Filters, Active Filters, Oscillators, Circuit Theorems, Complex Numbers, DC Power, AC Power, Silicon Controlled Rectifier, Power Supplies, Voltage Regulation, Magnetism, Electric Machines, Transformers, Three Phase Systems, Energy Transfer and Cost, Atomic Structures, Diode Theory, Diode Applications, Transistor Theory, Bipolar Transistor, Transistor Configurations, Active Transistor Circuits, Field Effect Transistors, Basic Operational Amplifier, Op-Amp Theory, Op-Amp Applications, Sum and Difference Amp, Analogue Multi-meter, Measurement, Component Testing, PIC Micro, PICa(R) Microcontroller, PICa(R) Architecture, PICa(R) Analogue to Digital, PICa(R) Byte Orientated Instructions, PICa(R) Bit Orientated Instructions, PICa(R) Literal and Control Instructions, Mechanics, Area, Surface Area and Symmetry, Volume, Compound Measures, Geometry, Motion, Machines, Optics, Computing, Hardware Devices, Data Structures, Data Files, Computer Systems, Data Handling, System Development, Computer Programming, Data Analysis, Binary Numbers, Binary Arithmetic, Digital, Logic Gates 1., Logic Gates 2., Logic Families, Flip Flops, Combinational Logic, Counters, Counting, Shift Registers, 555 Timer, Logic Interfacing, Boolean and DeMorgan's, Microprocessor, Micro-Computer, Data/Address Bus, Memory Addressing, Arithmetic and Logic Unit, Clock and Reset, Instructions and Control, Memory Cells, Microprocessor Memory, Addressing Modes, Instructions Set 1., Instructions Set 2., Instructions Set 3., Mathematics, Number Systems, Number Conversion, Number Types, Compound Measures, Roots, Angles and Parallels, Triangle Ratios, Triangle Angles, Percentages, Ratios, Fractions, Vectors, Circle Angles, Laws, Algebra 0., Algebra 1., Algebra 2., Mathematical Rules, Powers and Indices, Simplifying, Equations, Graphing, Slope and Translation, Curves and Angle Conversion, Personal Finance, Additional Notes.
Owing to their conformal capability, nonplanar microstrip antennas and transmission lines have been intensely investigated over the past decade. Yet most of the accumulated research has been too scattered across the literature to be useful to scientists and engineers working on these curved structures.
Now, antenna expert Kin-Lu Wong compiles and organizes the latest research results and other cutting-edge developments into an extensive survey of the characteristics of microstrip antennas mounted on canonical nonplanar surfaces. Demonstrating a variety of theoretical techniques and deducing the general characteristics of nonplanar microstrip antennas from calculated results, Wong thoroughly addresses the problems of cylindrical, spherical, and conical structures and gives readers powerful design and optimization tools.
Up-to-date topics range from specific applications of spherical and conical microstrip arrays to the curvature effects on the analysis of cylindrical microstrip lines and coplanar waveguides. With 256 illustrations and an exhaustive list of references, Design of Nonplanar Microstrip Antennas and Transmission Lines is an indispensable guide for antenna designers in wireless and personal communications and in radar systems, and an invaluable reference for researchers and students interested in this important technology.
The fourth edition of the book is richer in contents presenting updated information on the fundamental aspects of various processes related to thermal power plants. The major thrust in the book is given on the hands-on procedure to deal with the normal and emergency situations during plant operation.
Beginning from the fundamentals, the book, explores the vast concepts of boilers, steam turbines and other auxiliary systems. Following a simple text format and easy-to-grasp language, the book explicates various real-life situation-related topics involving operation, commissioning, maintenance, electrical and instrumentation of a power plant.
NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION
• The text now incorporates a new chapter on Environmental and Safety Aspects of Thermal Power Plants.
• New sections on Softener, Water Treatment of Supercritical Boiler, Wet Mode and Dry Mode Operation of Supercritical Boiler, Electromatic Pressure Relief Valve, Pressure Reducing and Desuperheating (PRDS) System, Orsat Apparatus, and Safety Interlocks and Auto Control Logics in Boiler have been added in related chapters.
• Several sections have been updated to provide the reader with the latest information.
• A new appendix on Important Information on Power Generation has been incorporated into the text.
Dealing with all the latest coverage, the book is written to address the requirements of the undergraduate students of power plant engineering. Besides this, the text would also cater to the needs of those candidates who are preparing for Boiler Operation Engineers (BOE) Examination and the undergraduate/postgraduate students who are pursuing courses in various power training institutes. The book will also be of immense use to the students of postgraduate diploma course in thermal power plant engineering.
• Covers almost all the functional areas of thermal power plants in its systematically arranged topics.
• Incorporates more than 500 self-test questions in chapter-end exercises to test the student’s grasp of the fundamental concepts and BOE Examination preparation.
• Involves numerous well-labelled diagrams throughout the book leading to easy learning.
• Provides several solved numerical problems that generally arise during the functioning of thermal power plants.
The unique feature of coplanar waveguides, as opposed to more conventional waveguides, is their uniplanar construction, in which all of the conductors are aligned on the same side of the substrate. This feature simplifies manufacturing and allows faster and less expensive characterization using on-wafer techniques.
Coplanar Waveguide Circuits, Components, and Systems is an engineer's complete resource, collecting all of the available data on the subject. Rainee Simons thoroughly discusses propagation parameters for conventional coplanar waveguides and includes valuable details such as the derivation of the fundamental equations, physical explanations, and numerical examples.
Coverage also includes:Discontinuities and circuit elements Transitions to other transmission media Directional couplers, hybrids, and magic T Microelectromechanical systems based switches and phase shifters Tunable devices using ferroelectric materials Photonic bandgap structures Printed circuit antennas
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips--whether you're refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.
Volume 2 covers signal processing, including LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer's tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semiconductors; Volume 2 includes LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
Spheroidal Wave Functions in Electromagnetic Theory presents in detail the theory of spheroidal wave functions, its applications to the analysis of electromagnetic fields in various spheroidal structures, and provides comprehensive programming codes for those computations.
The topics covered in this monograph include:Spheroidal coordinates and wave functions
Dyadic Green's functions in spheroidal systems
EM scattering by a conducting spheroid
EM scattering by a coated dielectric spheroid
SAR distributions in a spheroidal head model The programming codes and their applications are provided online and are written in Mathematica 3.0 or 4.0. Readers can also develop their own codes according to the theory or routine described in the book to find subsequent solutions of complicated structures.
Spheroidal Wave Functions in Electromagnetic Theory is a fundamental reference for scientists, engineers, and graduate students practicing modern computational electromagnetics or applied physics.
Fully updated throughout, this do-it-yourself guide shows you how to program and build fascinating projects with the Arduino Uno and Leonardo boards and the Arduino 1.0 development environment. 30 Arduino Projects for the Evil Genius, Second Edition, gets you started right away with the simplified C programming you need to know and demonstrates how to take advantage of the latest Arduino capabilities.
You'll learn how to attach an Arduino board to your computer, program it, and connect electronics to it to create your own devious devices. A bonus chapter uses the special USB keyboard/mouse-impersonation feature exclusive to the Arduino Leonardo.
30 Arduino Projects for the Evil Genius, Second Edition:Features step-by-step instructions and helpful illustrations Provides full schematic and construction details for every project Covers the scientific principles behind the projects Removes the frustration factor--all required parts are listed along with sources
Build these and other clever creations:High-brightness Morse code translator Seasonal affective disorder light Keypad security code Pulse rate monitor Seven-segment LED double dice USB message board Oscilloscope Tune player VU meter LCD thermostat Computer-controlled fan Hypnotizer Servo-controlled laser Lie detector Magnetic door lock Infrared remote Lilypad clock Evil Genius countdown timer Keyboard prank Automatic password typer Accelerometer mouse
Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications is the only professional reference focusing solely on microstrip filters. It offers a unique and comprehensive treatment of filters based on the microstrip structure and includes full design methodologies that are also applicable to waveguide and other transmission line filters.
The authors include coverage of new configurations with advanced filtering characteristics, new design techniques, and methods for filter miniaturization. The book utilizes numerous design examples to illustrate and emphasize computer analysis and synthesis while also discussing the applications of commercially available software. Other highlights include:Lowpass and bandpass filters Highpass and bandstop filters Full-wave electromagnetic simulation Advanced materials and technologies Coupled resonator circuits Computer-aided design for low-cost/high-volume production Compact filters and filter miniaturization
Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications is not only a valuable design resource for practitioners, but also a handy reference for students and researchers in microwave engineering.
--Rich Blum, author, Sams Teach Yourself Arduino Programming in 24 Hours and Sams Teach Yourself Python Programming for Raspberry Pi in 24 Hours
Powerful, flexible, and inexpensive, EAGLE is the ideal PCB design solution for every Maker/DIYer, startup, hobbyist, or student. Today, all open source Arduino designs are released in EAGLE format: If you want to design cost-effective new PCBs, this is the tool to learn.
Matthew Scarpino helps you take full advantage of EAGLE’s remarkable capabilities. You won’t find any differential equations here: only basic circuit theory and hands-on techniques for designing effective PCBs and getting innovative new gadgets to market.
Scarpino starts with an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of PCB design. Next, he walks through the design of basic, intermediate, and complex circuit boards, starting with a simple inverting amplifier and culminating in a six-layer single-board computer with hundreds of components and thousands of routed connections.
As the circuits grow more complex, you’ll master advanced EAGLE features and discover how to automate crucial design-related tasks. Whatever your previous experience, Scarpino’s start-to-finish examples and practical insight can help you create designs of stunning power and efficiency.
Understand single-sided, double-sided, and multilayer boards Design practical circuits with the schematic editor Transform schematics into physical board designs Convert board designs into Gerber output files for fabrication Expand EAGLE’s capabilities with new libraries and components Exchange designs with LTspice and simulate their responses to input Automate simple repetitive operations with editor commands Streamline circuit design and library generation with User Language programs (ULPs) Design for the advanced BeagleBone Black, with high-speed BGA devices and a 32-bit system on a chip (SoC) Use buses to draw complex connections between components Configure stackups, create/route BGA components, and route high-speed signals eagle-book.com provides an archive containing the design files for the book’s circuits. It also includes EAGLE libraries, scripts, and User Language programs (ULPs).
Filling the gap between a beginner’s primer and a formal textbook, Practical Electronics explores aspects of electronic components, techniques, and tools that you would typically learn on the job and from years of experience. Even if you’ve worked with electronics or have a background in electronics theory, you’re bound to find important information that you may not have encountered before.
Among the book’s many topics, you’ll discover how to:Read and understand the datasheet for an electronic componentUse uncommon but inexpensive tools to achieve more professional-looking resultsSelect the appropriate analog and digital ICs for your projectSelect and assemble various types of connectorsDo basic reverse engineering on a device in order to modify (hack) itUse open source tools for schematic capture and PCB layoutMake smart choices when buying new or used test equipment
No other current books deal with this subject, and the author is a leading authority in the field of computer arithmetic. The text introduces the Conventional Radix Number System and the Signed-Digit Number System, as well as Residue Number System and Logarithmic Number System. This book serves as an essential, up-to-date guide for students of electrical engineering and computer and mathematical sciences, as well as practicing engineers and computer scientists involved in the design, application, and development of computer arithmetic units.
Today's modern wireless mobile communications depend on adaptive "smart" antennas to provide maximum range and clarity. With the recent explosive growth of wireless applications, smart antenna technology has achieved widespread commercial and military applications.
The only book available on the topic of adaptive antennas using digital technology, this text reflects the latest developments in smart antenna technology and offers timely information on fundamentals, as well as new adaptive techniques developed by the authors. Coupling electromagnetic aspects of antenna design with signal processing techniques designed to promote accurate and efficient information exchange, the text presents various mechanisms for characterizing signal-path loss associated with signal propagation, particularly for mobile wireless communications systems based on such techniques as joint space-frequency adaptive processing.
In clear, accessible language, the authors:
* explain the difference between adaptive antennas and adaptive signal processing
* Illustrate the procedures for adaptive processing using directive elements in a conformal array
* clarify multistage analysis procedure which combines electromagnetic analysis with signal processing
* present a survey of the various models for characterizing radio wave propagation in urban and rural environments
* describe a method wherein it is possible to identify and eliminate multipath without spatial diversity
* optimize the location of base stations in a complex environment
The text is an excellent resource for researchers and engineers working in electromagnetics and signal processing who deal with performance improvement of adaptive techniques, as well as those who are concerned with the characterization of propagation channels and applications of airborne phased arrays.
Featuring contributions from the foremost researchers in the field, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science is the first book devoted entirely to providing the fundamentals of adaptive optics along with its practical applications in vision science. The material for this book stems from collaborations fostered by the Center for Adaptive Optics, a consortium of more than thirty universities, government laboratories, and corporations.
Although the book is written primarily for researchers in vision science and ophthalmology, the field of adaptive optics has strong roots in astronomy. Researchers in both fields share this technology and, for this reason, the book includes chapters by both astronomers and vision scientists.
Following the introduction, chapters are divided into the following sections:
* Wavefront Measurement and Correction
* Retinal Imaging Applications
* Vision Correction Applications
* Design Examples
Readers will discover the remarkable proliferation of new applications of wavefront-related technologies developed for the human eye. For example, the book explores how wavefront sensors offer the promise of a new generation of vision correction methods that can deal with higher order aberrations beyond defocus and astigmatism, and how adaptive optics can produce images of the living retina with unprecedented resolution.
An appendix includes the Optical Society of America's Standards for Reporting Optical Aberrations. A glossary of terms and a symbol table are also included.
Adaptive Optics for Vision Science arms engineers, scientists, clinicians, and students with the basic concepts, engineering tools, and techniques needed to master adaptive optics applications in vision science and ophthalmology. Moreover, readers will discover the latest thinking and findings from the leading innovators in the field.
Now published as a portable, learning, reference and subject revision guide students, teachers and hobbyists have their own low-cost version as an eBook on their mobile phone. Explanatory text is condensed to note form making it quick and easy to find the detail on the selected topic or to provide a content reminder. All common formula for the subject are included using typical values with calculations and results determined from the software default inputs.
The PC software to accompany your mobile device eBook provides you with an easy and enjoyable way to study your chosen subject. Comprising hundreds of menu selected colorful topics where the graphic images on your mobile are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning and software features.
A unique combined digital portable study device and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
See Additional Notes for the educational software download to accompany this eBook title.
The Second Edition of this acclaimed publication enables readers to understand and apply the complex operation principles of global positioning system (GPS) receivers. Although GPS receivers are widely used in everyday life to aid in positioning and navigation, this is the only text that is devoted to complete coverage of their operation principles. The author, one of the foremost authorities in the GPS field, presents the material from a software receiver viewpoint, an approach that helps readers better understand operation and that reflects the forecasted integration of GPS receivers into such everyday devices as cellular telephones. Concentrating on civilian C/A code, the book provides the tools and information needed to understand and exploit all aspects of receiver technology as well as relevant navigation schemes:Overview of GPS basics and the constellation of satellites that comprise the GPS system Detailed examination of GPS signal structure, acquisition, and tracking Step-by-step presentation of the mathematical formulas for calculating a user's position Demonstration of the use of computer programs to run key equations Instructions for developing hardware to collect digitized data for a software GPS receiver Complete chapter demonstrating a GPS receiver following a signal flow to determine a user's position
The Second Edition of this highly acclaimed text has been greatly expanded, including three new chapters:Acquisition of weak signals Tracking of weak signals GPS receiver related subjects
Following the author's expert guidance and easy-to-follow style, engineers and scientists learn all that is needed to understand, build, and operate GPS receivers. The book's logical flow from basic concepts to applications makes it an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, wireless communications, and computer science.
This fun guide shows, step-by-step, how to construct powerful drones from inexpensive parts, add personalized features, and become a full-fledged pilot. DIY Drones for the Evil Genius: Design, Build, and Customize Your Own Drones not only covers safety, mechanics, drone design, and assembly, but also teaches the basics of Aerospace Engineering. You will discover how to add video transmitters, GPS, first-person view, and virtual reality goggles to your creations. The book walks you through the FAA licensing process and takes a look at advanced concepts, such as artificial intelligence and autonomous flight.
• Learn about aircraft parts, control mechanics, and safety practices
• Become an expert pilot—even handle flips and high-speed maneuvers
• Pick the perfect parts for your high-performance drone
• Find out how to solder and start assembling your drone
• Program the aircraft, calibrate the motors, and start flying!
• Add LED lights, GoPro mounts, and self-balancing camera gimbals
• Explore the world of first-person-view (FPV) drones and high-speed racing
• See how artificial intelligence can be put to use in the drone industry
Advanced communication microsystems—the latest technology to emerge in the semiconductor sector after microprocessors—require integration of diverse signal processing blocks in a power-efficient and cost-effective manner. Typically, these systems include data acquisition, data processing, telemetry, and power management. The overall development is a synergy among system, circuit, and component-level designs with a strong emphasis on integration.
This book is targeted at students, researchers, and industry practitioners in the semiconductor area who require a thorough understanding of integrated communication microsystems from a developer's perspective. The book thoroughly and carefully explores:
Fundamental requirements of communication microsystems
System design and considerations for wired and wireless communication microsystems
Advanced block-level design techniques for communication microsystems
Integration of communication systems in a hybrid environment
Power and form factor trade-offs in building integrated microsystems
Advanced Integrated Communication Microsystems is an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses. It also serves as a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in circuit design for telecommunications and related fields.
Repair all kinds of electrical products, from modern digital gadgets to analog antiques, with help from this updated book. How to Diagnose and Fix Everything Electronic, Second Edition, offers expert insights, case studies, and step-by-step instruction from a lifelong electronics guru. Discover how to assemble your workbench, use the latest test equipment, zero in on and replace dead components, and handle reassembly. Instructions for specific devices, including stereos, MP3 players, digital cameras, flat-panel TVs, laptops, headsets, and mobile devices are also included in this do-it-yourself guide.Choose the proper tools and set up your workbench Ensure personal safety and use proper eye and ear protection Understand how electrical components work and why they fail Perform preliminary diagnoses based on symptoms Use test equipment, including digital multimeters, ESR meters, frequency
counters, and oscilloscopes Interpret block, schematic, and pictorial diagrams Disassemble products and identify sections Analyze circuits, locate faults, and replace dead parts Re-establish connections and reassemble devices
This book is for PLC programmers, electricians, instrumentation techs, automation professionals with basic PLC programming knowledge, but no knowledge of RSLogix 5000. If you are a student who is familiar with automation and would like to learn about RSLogix 5000 with minimal investment of time, this is the book for you.What You Will LearnBriefly explore the history of Rockwell Automation and the evolution of the Logix platformDiscover the complete range of ControlLogix and ComplactLogix controllers and form factors available today, and the key things you should consider when you are engineering a Rockwell Automation solutionExplore the key platform changes introduced with Studio 5000 and Logix Designer version 24 and the latest firmware versionsGet to grips with the modules available in the ControLogix, SoftLogix, and CompactLogix platformsUnderstand writing Ladder Logic (LL) routines, Sequential Function Chart (SFC) routines, and Structured Text routines (ST)Design Function Block Diagrams (FBD) and their easy integration with HMIsIn Detail
RSLogix 5000 and Studio 5000's Logix Designer are user-friendly interfaces used for programming the current generation of Rockwell Automation Controllers including ControlLogix, CompactLogix, and SoftLogix. When engineering automation solutions using Logix, it is important to study the changes to the platform introduced with Studio 5000 and the various controllers, modules, and form factors available today. RSLogix 5000 programming packages help you maximize performance, save project development time, and improve productivity.
This book provides a detailed overview of the Logix platform including ControlLogix, CompactLogix, and SoftLogix and explains the significant changes introduced in Studio 5000. A clear understanding of the recent Logix platform changes is critical for anyone developing a Rockwell Automation solution. It provides an easy-to-follow, step-by-step approach to learning the essential Logix hardware and software components and provides beginners with a solid foundation in the Logix platform features and terminology. By the end of this book, you will have a clear understanding of the capabilities of the Logix platform and the ability to navigate the Rockwell Automation Literature Library Resources.Style and approach
A step-by-step approach to RSLogix 5000, which is explained in an easy-to-follow style. Each topic is explained sequentially with detailed explanations of the basic and advanced features of Rockwell Automation that appeal to the needs of readers with a wide range of experience.
Premised on the idea that one cannot know a science without knowing its history, History of Wireless offers a lively new treatment that introduces previously unacknowledged pioneers and developments, setting a new standard for understanding the evolution of this important technology.
Starting with the background-magnetism, electricity, light, and Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory-this book offers new insights into the initial theory and experimental exploration of wireless. In addition to the well-known contributions of Maxwell, Hertz, and Marconi, it examines work done by Heaviside, Tesla, and passionate amateurs such as the Kentucky melon farmer Nathan Stubblefield and the unsung hero Antonio Meucci. Looking at the story from mathematical, physics, technical, and other perspectives, the clearly written text describes the development of wireless within a vivid scientific milieu.
History of Wireless also goes into other key areas, including:The work of J. C. Bose and J. A. Fleming German, Japanese, and Soviet contributions to physics and applications of electromagnetic oscillations and waves Wireless telegraphic and telephonic development and attempts to achieve transatlantic wireless communications Wireless telegraphy in South Africa in the early twentieth century Antenna development in Japan: past and present Soviet quasi-optics at near-mm and sub-mm wavelengths The evolution of electromagnetic waveguides The history of phased array antennas
Augmenting the typical, Marconi-centered approach, History of Wireless fills in the conventionally accepted story with attention to more specific, less-known discoveries and individuals, and challenges traditional assumptions about the origins and growth of wireless. This allows for a more comprehensive understanding of how various components and systems evolved. Written in a clear tone with a broad scientific audience in mind, this exciting and thorough treatment is sure to become a classic in the field.
Unlock accompanying software with your eBook receipt!
Chapters (360 topics): Introduction, Radio and Communication, Basic Electronics, DC Current Flow, Resistor Value Test, Simple DC Circuits, Types of Switching, Variable Voltages, Ohm's Law, DC Voltage, DC Current, Series/Parallel Resistors, AC Measurements, AC Voltage and Current, AC Theory, RCL Series Circuits, RCL Parallel Circuits, Capacitance, Capacitors, Inductance, Inductors, Impedance, Tuned Circuits, Attenuators, Passive Filters, Active Filters, Oscillators, Circuit Theorems, Complex Numbers, DC Power, AC Power, Silicon Controlled Rectifier, Power Supplies, Voltage Regulation, Magnetism, Electric Machines, Transformers, Three Phase Systems, Energy Transfer and Cost, Atomic Structures, Diode Theory, Diode Applications, Transistor Theory, Bipolar Transistor, Transistor Configurations, Active Transistor Circuits, Field Effect Transistors, Basic Operational Amplifier, Op-Amp Theory, Op-Amp Applications, Sum and Difference Amp, Analogue Multi-meter, Component Testing, Additional Notes.
This comprehensive book offers an extensive presentation of a new methodology for phased array antenna analysis based on Floquet modal expansion. Engineers, researchers, and advanced graduate students involved in phased array antenna technology will find this systematic presentation an invaluable reference.
Elaborating from fundamental principles, the author presents an in-depth treatment of the Floquet modal based approach. Detailed derivations of theorems and concepts are provided, making Phased Array Antennas a self-contained work. Each chapter is followed by several practice problems. In addition, numerous design examples and guidelines will be found highly useful by those engaged in the practical application of this new approach to phased array structures.
Broadly organized into three sections, Phased Array Antennas covers:
* The development of the Floquet modal based approach to the analysis of phased array antennas
* Application of the Floquet modal based approach to important phased array structures
* Shaped beam array synthesis, array beam forming networks, active phased array systems, and statistical analysis of phased arrays
Incorporating the most recent developments in phased array technology, Phased Array Antennas is an essential resource for students of phased array theory, as well as research professionals and engineers engaged in the design and construction of phased array antennas.
It covers all the topics of this popular software title used in schools and colleges worldwide for over twenty years.
Now published as a portable, learning, reference and subject revision guide students, teachers and hobbyists have their own low-cost version as an eBook on their mobile phone.
Explanatory text is condensed to note form making it quick and easy to find the detail on the selected topic or to provide a content reminder for exam revision. All common formula for the subject are included using typical values with calculations and results determined from the software default inputs.
The PC software to accompany your mobile device eBook provides you with an easy and enjoyable way to study your chosen subject. Comprising hundreds of menu selected colorful topics where the graphic images on your mobile are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning and software features.
A unique combined digital portable study device and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
See Additional Notes for the FREE Electronics, Mechanics, Maths and Computing V10 educational software download for your PC, to accompany this eBook title, worth a120 / $160.
This book examines the biological effects of RF/microwaves and their medical applications. Readers will discover new developments in therapeutic applications in such areas as cardiology, urology, surgery, ophthalmology, and oncology. The authors also present developing applications in such areas as cancer detection and organ imaging.
Focusing on frequency ranges from 100 kHz to 10 GHz, RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues is divided into six chapters:
* Fundamentals in Electromagnetics--examines penetration of RF/microwaves into biological tissues; skin effect; relaxation effects in materials and the Cole-Cole model (display); the near field of an antenna; blackbody radiation and the various associated laws; and microwave measurements.
* RF/Microwave Interaction Mechanisms in Biological Materials--includes a section devoted to the fundamentals of thermodynamics and a discussion on energy and entropy.
* Biological Effects--investigates the effects of radio frequency fields on the nervous system, the brain and spinal cord, the blood-brain barrier, and cells and membranes.
* Thermal Therapy--includes a description of applicators and an extensive discussion on the foundation of dielectric heating and inductive heating.
* EM-Wave Absorbers Protecting the Biological and Medical Environment--investigates materials for EM-wave absorbers from both a theoretical and applications perspective. Special attention is given to ferrite absorbers.
* RF/Microwave Delivery Systems for Therapeutic Applications--begins with the fundamental features of major components used in RF/microwave delivery systems for therapeutic applications. New research towards the development of future measurement techniques is also presented.
The book features problem sets at the end of each chapter, making it an excellent introduction for bioengineering and engineering students. Researchers, physicians, and technicians in the field will also find this an excellent reference that offers all the fundamentals, the most cutting-edge applications, and insight into future developments.
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.