## Similar

The design and development of nucleic acid-based therapeutics for the treatment of diseases arising from genetic abnormalities has made significant progress over the past few years. NAs have been widely explored for the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases or to block cell proliferation and thereby caused diseases. Advances in synthetic oligonucleotide chemistry resulted in synthesis of NAs that are relatively stable in in vivo environments. However, cellular targeting and intracellular delivery of NAs still remains a challenge. Further development of NA-based therapeutics depends on the progress of safe and effective carriers for systemic administration. Nanomedicine has facilitated availability of vectors with diminished cytotoxicity and enhanced efficacy which are rapidly emerging as systems of choice. These vectors protect NAs from enzymatic degradation by forming condensed complexes along with targeted tissue and cellular delivery. During the past few years, a myriad reports have appeared reporting delivery of NAs mediated by nanoparticles. This book will provide an overview of nanoparticles being employed in the in vitro and in vivo delivery of therapeutically relevant NAs like DNA, siRNA, LNA, PNA, etc.

Provides a complete overview of the applicatiosn of nanomedicine in the delivery of nucleic acids, from characterization of nanoparticles, to in vitro and in vivo studiesDiscusses delivery issues of less well explored nucleic acids, like PNAs, Ribozymes, DNAzymes, etc.Summarizes the current state of research in nucleic acid delivery and underscores the future of nanomedicine in this fieldTechnical topics discussed in the book include:

Drug discoveryTarget identification and prioritizationHypothesis driven multi-target drug designGenomics in vaccine developmentGene regulatory networks Vaccine design and developmentPrediction of drug side effects in silico

This great work supplied the momentum for the Scientific Revolution and dominated physics for over 200 years.

It was the ancient opinion of not a few, in the earliest ages of philosophy, that the fixed stars stood immoveable in the highest parts of the world; that, under the fixed stars the planets were carried about the sun; that the earth, us one of the planets, described an annual course about the sun, while by a diurnal motion it was in the mean time revolved about its own axis; and that the sun, as the common fire which served to warm the whole, was fixed in the centre of the universe.

This was the philosophy taught of old by Philolaus, Aristarchus of Samos, Plato in his riper years, and the whole sect of the Pythagoreans; and this was the judgment of Anaximander, more ancient than any of them; and of that wise king of the Romans, Numa Pompilius, who, as a symbol of the figure of the world with the sun in the centre, erected a temple in honour of Vesta, of a round form, and ordained perpetual fire to be kept in the middle of it.

Unparalleled in its depth of coverage, The Princeton Companion to Mathematics surveys the most active and exciting branches of pure mathematics. Accessible in style, this is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics as well as for researchers and scholars seeking to understand areas outside their specialties.

Features nearly 200 entries, organized thematically and written by an international team of distinguished contributorsPresents major ideas and branches of pure mathematics in a clear, accessible styleDefines and explains important mathematical concepts, methods, theorems, and open problemsIntroduces the language of mathematics and the goals of mathematical researchCovers number theory, algebra, analysis, geometry, logic, probability, and moreTraces the history and development of modern mathematicsProfiles more than ninety-five mathematicians who influenced those working todayExplores the influence of mathematics on other disciplinesIncludes bibliographies, cross-references, and a comprehensive indexContributors incude:

Graham Allan, Noga Alon, George Andrews, Tom Archibald, Sir Michael Atiyah, David Aubin, Joan Bagaria, Keith Ball, June Barrow-Green, Alan Beardon, David D. Ben-Zvi, Vitaly Bergelson, Nicholas Bingham, Béla Bollobás, Henk Bos, Bodil Branner, Martin R. Bridson, John P. Burgess, Kevin Buzzard, Peter J. Cameron, Jean-Luc Chabert, Eugenia Cheng, Clifford C. Cocks, Alain Connes, Leo Corry, Wolfgang Coy, Tony Crilly, Serafina Cuomo, Mihalis Dafermos, Partha Dasgupta, Ingrid Daubechies, Joseph W. Dauben, John W. Dawson Jr., Francois de Gandt, Persi Diaconis, Jordan S. Ellenberg, Lawrence C. Evans, Florence Fasanelli, Anita Burdman Feferman, Solomon Feferman, Charles Fefferman, Della Fenster, José Ferreirós, David Fisher, Terry Gannon, A. Gardiner, Charles C. Gillispie, Oded Goldreich, Catherine Goldstein, Fernando Q. Gouvêa, Timothy Gowers, Andrew Granville, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Jeremy Gray, Ben Green, Ian Grojnowski, Niccolò Guicciardini, Michael Harris, Ulf Hashagen, Nigel Higson, Andrew Hodges, F. E. A. Johnson, Mark Joshi, Kiran S. Kedlaya, Frank Kelly, Sergiu Klainerman, Jon Kleinberg, Israel Kleiner, Jacek Klinowski, Eberhard Knobloch, János Kollár, T. W. Körner, Michael Krivelevich, Peter D. Lax, Imre Leader, Jean-François Le Gall, W. B. R. Lickorish, Martin W. Liebeck, Jesper Lützen, Des MacHale, Alan L. Mackay, Shahn Majid, Lech Maligranda, David Marker, Jean Mawhin, Barry Mazur, Dusa McDuff, Colin McLarty, Bojan Mohar, Peter M. Neumann, Catherine Nolan, James Norris, Brian Osserman, Richard S. Palais, Marco Panza, Karen Hunger Parshall, Gabriel P. Paternain, Jeanne Peiffer, Carl Pomerance, Helmut Pulte, Bruce Reed, Michael C. Reed, Adrian Rice, Eleanor Robson, Igor Rodnianski, John Roe, Mark Ronan, Edward Sandifer, Tilman Sauer, Norbert Schappacher, Andrzej Schinzel, Erhard Scholz, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze, Gordon Slade, David J. Spiegelhalter, Jacqueline Stedall, Arild Stubhaug, Madhu Sudan, Terence Tao, Jamie Tappenden, C. H. Taubes, Rüdiger Thiele, Burt Totaro, Lloyd N. Trefethen, Dirk van Dalen, Richard Weber, Dominic Welsh, Avi Wigderson, Herbert Wilf, David Wilkins, B. Yandell, Eric Zaslow, Doron Zeilberger

Men of Mathematics provides a rich account of major mathematical milestones, from the geometry of the Greeks through Newton’s calculus, and on to the laws of probability, symbolic logic, and the fourth dimension. Bell breaks down this majestic history of ideas into a series of engrossing biographies of the great mathematicians who made progress possible—and who also led intriguing, complicated, and often surprisingly entertaining lives.

Never pedantic or dense, Bell writes with clarity and simplicity to distill great mathematical concepts into their most understandable forms for the curious everyday reader. Anyone with an interest in math may learn from these rich lessons, an advanced degree or extensive research is never necessary.

If your student needs extra help with fractions, decimals, and percents, this invaluable resource has it all. Featuring exercises on almost every page, Practice Makes Perfect: Fractions, Decimals, and Percents offers plenty of opportunities for practice, practice. The lessons and exercises will help your student build confidence in his or her schoolwork and get better grades!

Appropriate for students ages 8 to 12, Practice Makes Perfect: Fractions, Decimals, and Percents gives your child the tools to master:

Least common multiples Improper fractions Division of decimals Percentages Mixed numbers Estimating And moreModeled on the popular Princeton Companion to Mathematics, this volume is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in other disciplines seeking a user-friendly reference book on applied mathematics.

Features nearly 200 entries organized thematically and written by an international team of distinguished contributorsPresents the major ideas and branches of applied mathematics in a clear and accessible wayExplains important mathematical concepts, methods, equations, and applicationsIntroduces the language of applied mathematics and the goals of applied mathematical researchGives a wide range of examples of mathematical modelingCovers continuum mechanics, dynamical systems, numerical analysis, discrete and combinatorial mathematics, mathematical physics, and much moreExplores the connections between applied mathematics and other disciplinesIncludes suggestions for further reading, cross-references, and a comprehensive indexThough the Japanese abacus may appear mysterious or even primitive, this intriguing tool is capable of amazing speed and accuracy. it is still widely used throughout the shop and markets of Asia and its popularity shows no sign of decline.

This volume is designed for the student desiring a greater understanding of the abacus and its calculative functions. The text provides thorough explanations of the advanced operations involving negative numbers, decimals, different units of measurement, and square roots. Diagrams illustrate bead manipulation, and numerous exercises provide ample practice.

Concise and easy-to-follow, this book will improve your abacus skills and help you perform calculations with greater efficiency and precision.

"I have discovered a truly marvelous demonstration of this proposition which this margin is too narrow to contain."

With these words, the seventeenth-century French mathematician Pierre de Fermat threw down the gauntlet to future generations. What came to be known as Fermat's Last Theorem looked simple; proving it, however, became the Holy Grail of mathematics, baffling its finest minds for more than 350 years. In Fermat's Enigma--based on the author's award-winning documentary film, which aired on PBS's "Nova"--Simon Singh tells the astonishingly entertaining story of the pursuit of that grail, and the lives that were devoted to, sacrificed for, and saved by it. Here is a mesmerizing tale of heartbreak and mastery that will forever change your feelings about mathematics.

- Fully searchable CD that puts information at your

fingertips included with text

- Most up to date listing of integrals, series and

products

- Provides accuracy and efficiency in work

If your child is struggling with math, then this book is for you; the short book covers the topic and also contains 30 practice problems to work with.

This subject comes from the book “Third Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more Third grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

Do you dream about long division in your sleep? Does the thought of solving abstruse equations bring a smile to your face? Do you love celebrating pi every March? Then, Math Geek was made for you! With this guide, you'll learn even more about the power of numbers as you explore their brilliant nature in ways you've never imagined. From manhole covers to bubbles to subway maps, each page gives you a glimpse of the world through renowned mathematicians' eyes and reveals how their theorems and equations can be applied to nearly everything you encounter. Covering dozens of your favorite math topics, you'll find fascinating answers to questions like:

How are the waiting times for buses determined? Why is Romanesco Broccoli so mesmerizing? How do you divide a cake evenly? Should you run or walk to avoid rain showers? Filled with compelling mathematical explanations, Math Geek sheds light on the incredible world of numbers hidden deep within your day-to-day life.If your child is struggling with math, then this book is for you; the short book covers the topic and also contains 30 practice problems to work with.

This subject comes from the book “Sixth Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

Author: dott. Alessio Mangoni.

If your child is struggling with math, then this book is for you; the short book covers the topic and also contains 30 practice problems to work with.

This subject comes from the book “Second Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

What do Fight Club, wallpaper patterns, George Balanchine's Serenade, and Italian superstitions have in common? They're all included in the entry for the number 17 in this engaging book about numbers- detailing their unique properties, patterns, appeal, history, and lore.

Author Derrick Niederman takes readers on a guided tour of the numbers 1 to 300-covering everything from basic mathematical principles to ancient unsolved theorems, from sublime theory to delightfully arcane trivia.

Illustrated with diagrams, drawings, and photographs, plus 50 challenging mathematical brainteasers (with answers), this book will fascinate and engage readers of all levels of mathematical skill and knowledge. Includes such gems as:

? There are 42 eyes in a deck of cards, and 42 dots on a pair of dice

? In order to fill in a map so that neighboring regions never get the same color, one never needs more than four colors

? Hells Angels use the number 81 in their insignia because the initials "H" and "A" are the eighth and first numbers in the alphabet respectively

From mathematics to word puzzles, from logic to lateral thinking, veteran puzzle maker Derrick Niederman delights in tackling the trickiest brainteasers in a new way. Among the old chestnuts he cracks wide open are the following classics:

Knights and knaves

The monk and the mountain

The dominoes and the chessboard

The unexpected hanging

The Tower of Hanoi

Using real-world analogies, infectious humor, and a fresh approach, this deceptively simple volume will challenge, amuse, enlighten, and surprise even the most experienced puzzle solver.

From All Walks of Life!

The Little Green Math

Book reads like a collection of math recipes to help us blend problems,

principles, and approaches in creating our own lineup of splendid math cuisine.

The book's four chapters include: (1) Basic Numeracy Ingredients, (2) Wonderful

Math Recipes, (3) Favorite Numeracy Dishes, and (4) Special Math Garnishments. Along

with 30 of the most fundamental, recurring math principles and rules, you’ll

find a three-tier system to rate the difficulty level of all problems – one

chili (“mild”), two chilies (“hot”), and three chilies (“very hot”).

Fine-tune your numerical mindset with a quantitative review

that serves as a refresher course and as a tool for perceiving math in a new

way. Whether you’re a high school or college student, test-prep candidate, or

working professional, this book’s wealth of explanations and insights makes it

a perfect learning companion.

Enjoy the benefits of your own self-paced math course:

*Contains 120 all-star problems to help readers discover the

secrets of basic math.

*Develop a feel for how numbers behave and what makes math

problems tick.

*Learn to solve equations by translating math into words and

thinking conceptually.

*Watch for pitfalls when working with percentage increase

and decrease.

*Use simple math to solve “business” scenarios involving

price, cost, volume, profit, and break-even, as well as how to calculate markup

versus margin and efficiency.

*Be able to glance at graphs and grasp their underlying

meaning.

*Understand correlation: weak or strong, positive or

negative, linear or nonlinear.

*Gain a newfound confidence with an increased competency

with numbers.

Topics covered in this book include: Chapter 1 – Basic

Numeracy Ingredients (percentages, ratios and proportions, reciprocals, order

of operations); Chapter 2 – Wonderful Math Recipes (overlap scenarios, matrix

scenarios, mixture scenarios, weighted average scenarios); Chapter 3 – Favorite

Numeracy Dishes (markup vs. margin, price-cost-volume and profit, break-even

point, aggregate costs vs. per-unit costs, efficiency, distribution and

allocation); Chapter 4 – Special Math Garnishments (translating basic graphs:

line graphs, pie charts, and bar charts, correlation, measures of average and

dispersion, and statistical significance); Appendix I – Numeracy Principles 1

to 30 (summary of all principles); Appendix II – The World of Numbers (number

terminology, basic operations, number rules, divisibility rules); Appendix III

– Translating Words into Numbers (classic translation scenarios, how to solve

equations, making tricky conversions); Appendix IV – Tackling Squares and Cubes

(using the “big” seven numbers); and Appendix V – Understanding How Variables

Change (relationships: direct, indirect, proportional, disproportional).

This book – a gold medal winner at the President’s Book

Awards and winner of the USA Book News Best Book Awards – is suitable for high

school and college students, as well as any individual wanting to improve his

or her core essential math and numeracy skills.

“This book brilliantly shows the structure and subtlety of

basic math. Math is a global language that knows no borders and opens

opportunities for us all.” —Rick Frishman,

author, speaker, and media expert; treasurer and secretary for the Dr. Mark

Victor Hansen Foundation, “literacy to end poverty”

This book serves as a guide to the length of answer required, layout of the solution, and methods of selecting the best approach to any particular type of math problem. This compilation intends to supplement, not replace, the normal textbook and provides a varied selection of questions for practice in addition to the worked solutions.

The subjects covered in this text include algebra, trigonometry, coordinate geometry, and calculus.

This publication is valuable to students; working through and coping with the practice questions will help them face advanced mathematical examinations with confidence.

The publication first offers information on sets, maps, and algebraic composition laws and systems. Discussions focus on morphisms of algebraic systems, sequences and families, cardinal numbers, ordered sets and maps, equivalence relations and maps, composite functions and inverses, operations with sets, and relations in sets. The text then ponders on special algebraic systems, topological spaces, and topological spaces with special properties. Topics include complete metric spaces, compact spaces, separable and connected spaces, homeomorphism and isometry, convergence, continuity, general structure of topological spaces, rings and fields, linear spaces, linear algebras, and nonassociative algebras. The book elaborates on the theory of integration and measure spaces, including measurable spaces, general properties of the integral, and measureable functions.

The publication is a valuable reference for theoretical physicists, research engineers, and scientists who are concerned with structural problems.

The book combines symbolic manipulation, numerical mathematics, outstanding graphics, and a sophisticated programming language. It is comprised of 7 chapters. Chapter 1 gives a brief background of the software and how to install it in the computer. Chapter 2 introduces the essential commands of Mathematica. Basic operations on numbers, expressions, and functions are introduced and discussed. Chapter 3 provides Mathematica's built-in calculus commands. The fourth chapter presents elementary operations on lists and tables. This chapter is a prerequisite for Chapter 5 which discusses nested lists and tables in detail. The purpose of Chapter 6 is to illustrate various computations Mathematica can perform when solving differential equations. Chapter 7 discusses some of the more frequently used commands contained in various graphics packages available with Mathematica.

Engineers, computer scientists, physical scientists, mathematicians, business professionals, and students will find the book useful.

This subject comes from the book “Third Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more third grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

Berlinski focuses on the ten most important breakthroughs in mathematical history–and the men behind them. Here are Pythagoras, intoxicated by the mystical significance of numbers; Euclid, who gave the world the very idea of a proof; Leibniz and Newton, co-discoverers of the calculus; Cantor, master of the infinite; and Gödel, who in one magnificent proof placed everything in doubt.

The elaboration of mathematical knowledge has meant nothing less than the unfolding of human consciousness itself. With his unmatched ability to make abstract ideas concrete and approachable, Berlinski both tells an engrossing tale and introduces us to the full power of what surely ranks as one of the greatest of all human endeavors.

From the Hardcover edition.

Sampling actual writings from the history of mathematics, Benjamin Wardhaugh reveals the questions that will unlock the meaning and significance of a given text--Who wrote it, why, and for whom? What was its author's intended meaning? How did it reach its present form? Is it original or a translation? Why is it important today? Wardhaugh teaches readers to think about what the original text might have looked like, to consider where and when it was written, and to formulate questions of their own. Readers pick up new skills with each chapter, and gain the confidence and analytical sophistication needed to tackle virtually any text in the history of mathematics.

Introduces readers to the methods of textual analysis used by historians Uses actual source material as examples Features boxed summaries, discussion questions, and suggestions for further reading Supplements all major sourcebooks in mathematics history Designed for easy reference Ideal for students and teachersEach chapter is structured so as to enhance the book’s value to pre-service students preparing for entry-level school administration positions as well as candidates for advanced degrees who need more research based theoretical content on school finance. The author recognizes that each state has its own unique funding approach and guides readers to state resources that supplement the books content.

For Math Aficionados From All Walks of Life!

The Little Green Math

Book reads like a collection of math recipes to help us blend problems,

principles, and approaches in creating our own lineup of splendid math cuisine.

The book's four chapters include: (1) Basic Numeracy Ingredients, (2) Wonderful

Math Recipes, (3) Favorite Numeracy Dishes, and (4) Special Math Garnishments. Along

with 30 of the most fundamental, recurring math principles and rules, readers

will find a three-tier system to rate the difficulty level of all 100 problems

– one chili (“mild”), two chilies (“hot”), and three chilies (“very hot”).

Enjoy the benefits of your own self-paced math course:

*Develop a feel for how numbers behave and what makes math problems tick.

*Review the five classic formulas governing percentage increase and decrease.

*Watch for pitfalls when expressing ratios as fractions, percents, or decimals.

*Employ templates to solve math problems of similar category or type.

*Use simple math to solve “business” scenarios involving price, cost, volume, profit, and break-even, as well as how to calculate markup versus margin and efficiency.

*Be able to read graphs and grasp their underlying math themes.

*Understand correlation: weak or strong, positive or negative, linear or nonlinear.

*Gain a newfound confidence with an increased competency with numbers.

“This book brilliantly shows the structure and subtlety of

basic math. Math is a global language that knows no borders and opens

opportunities for us all.” —Rick Frishman,

author, speaker, and media expert; treasurer and secretary for the Dr. Mark

Victor Hansen Foundation, “literacy to end poverty”

In 1954, a conference on mathematical tables, sponsored by M.I.T. and the National Science Foundation, met to discuss a modernization and extension of Jahnke and Emde's classical tables of functions. This volume, published 10 years later by the U.S. Department of Commerce, is the result. Designed to include a maximum of information and to meet the needs of scientists in all fields, it is a monumental piece of work, a comprehensive and self-contained summary of the mathematical functions that arise in physical and engineering problems.

The book contains 29 sets of tables, some to as high as 20 places: mathematical constants; physical constants and conversion factors (6 tables); exponential integral and related functions (7); error function and Fresnel integrals (12); Bessel functions of integer (12) and fractional (13) order; integrals of Bessel functions (2); Struve and related functions (2); confluent hypergeometric functions (2); Coulomb wave functions (2); hypergeometric functions; Jacobian elliptic and theta functions (2); elliptic integrals {9); Weierstrass elliptic and related functions; parabolic cylinder functions {3); Mathieu functions (2); spheroidal wave functions (5); orthogonal polynomials (13); combinatorial analysis (9); numerical interpolation, differentiation and integration (11); probability functions (ll); scales of notation (6); miscellaneous functions (9); Laplace transforms (2); and others.

Each of these sections is prefaced by a list of related formulas and graphs: differential equations, series expansions, special functions, and other basic relations. These constitute an unusually valuable reference work in themselves. The prefatory material also includes an explanation of the numerical methods involved in using the tables that follow and a bibliography. Numerical examples illustrate the use of each table and explain the computation of function values which lie outside its range, while the editors' introduction describes higher-order interpolation procedures. Well over100 figures illustrate the text.

In all, this is one of the most ambitious and useful books of its type ever published, an essential aid in all scientific and engineering research, problem solving, experimentation and field work. This low-cost edition contains every page of the original government publication.

How can math help you bet on horses or win in Vegas? What’s the foolproof way to solve Sudoku? How can probability teach you to calculate your chances of survival in Russian roulette?

In this irreverent and entertaining guide to mathematics, Lawrence Potter takes the fear out of everything from long division to percentages. Using fascinating puzzles and surprising examples, he shows us how math is connected with the world we encounter every day, from how the VAT works to why weather forecasts are wrong, from winning at Monopoly to improving your mental arithmetic. Along the way you’ll also discover who invented numbers, whether animals can count, and what nuns have to do with multiplication.

Fine-tune your numerical mindset with a quantitative review that serves as a tool for perceiving probability in a new way. Whether you’re a high school student, college student, or a test-prep candidate, this book’s wealth of explanations and insights makes it a perfect learning companion.

Enjoy the benefits of your own short course in probability:

*Be able to think conceptually by understanding how key problems “fit” within the main topics of probability, permutations, combinations, and enumerations.

*Master basic probability using a simple “flowchart” to identify the correct formulas.

*Understand when to “add” probabilities and when to “multiply” probabilities.

*Be able to distinguish between events that are independent versus not independent and events that are mutually exclusive versus not mutually exclusive.

*Grasp key differences between permutations and combinations and look for key words such as “arrangements” or “selections” to indicate the correct problem type.

*Solve tricky permutation problems that involve repeated letters or numbers.

*Approach probability problems with a newfound confidence and competency.

This book is focused on those thinking skills that are essential for mastering basic probability. Such thinking skills make it much more likely that a person will be able to understand the “how” and “why” of problem solving, approach the subject in a conceptual way, and grasp those key principles that act as themes to bind related problems. These skills combine the science of math with the art of numbers.

“To get started in probability theory, all you need are a few basic principles. Here they are, clear and uncluttered, in a short, simple book that comes as a welcome breath of fresh air.”—Dr. Ian Stewart, author of 17 Equations That Changed the World and the Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities

This subject comes from the book “Fourth Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

Here David Hand explains why we should actually expect unlikely coincidences to happen; Arthur Benjamin and Ethan Brown unveil techniques for improvising custom-made magic number squares; Dana Mackenzie describes how mathematicians are making essential contributions to the development of synthetic biology; Steven Strogatz tells us why it’s worth writing about math for people who are alienated from it; Lisa Rougetet traces the earliest written descriptions of Nim, a popular game of mathematical strategy; Scott Aaronson looks at the unexpected implications of testing numbers for randomness; and much, much more.

In addition to presenting the year’s most memorable writings on mathematics, this must-have anthology includes a bibliography of other notable writings and an introduction by the editor, Mircea Pitici. This book belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in where math has taken us—and where it is headed.

This subject comes from the book “Third Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more Third grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

This guide to writing mathematical expressions covers both simple notations used in general texts and professional formulas and equations used in natural sciences, mathematics, and other fields. It is an essential handbook for people who write, edit, or typeset of texts where mathematical notations may be needed. The book presents notations defined in the modern international standard ISO 80000-2 but also describes other common practices.

This subject comes from the book “Fourth Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

This subject comes from the book “Sixth Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

This subject comes from the book “Sixth Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

This subject comes from the book “Second Grade Math (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fourth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

The Common Core, a new set of national educational standards, has been adopted by forty-five states across the nation. But if you learned math the "old" way, the new teaching methods--like tape diagrams, array models, and number bonds--may be unfamiliar to you. If you want to help your children with homework, you'll need to learn these new methods, which focus on critical thinking and conceptual understanding.

With the help of experienced math teachers, you'll learn:What your child will be learning in each middle-school gradeThe rationale behind the Common Core standardsMultiple new ways to look at math problemsHow to help your child with homework and studyingThe Everything Parent's Guide to Common Core Math: Grades 6-8 features examples and exercises that correspond to each standard, so you'll have the confidence you need to help your kids succeed and thrive in the new school standards.

Written in a clear, accessible, and comprehensive manner, the Handbook of Probability presents the fundamentals of probability with an emphasis on the balance of theory, application, and methodology. Utilizing basic examples throughout, the handbook expertly transitions between concepts and practice to allow readers an inclusive introduction to the field of probability.

The book provides a useful format with self-contained chapters, allowing the reader easy and quick reference. Each chapter includes an introduction, historical background, theory and applications, algorithms, and exercises. The Handbook of Probability offers coverage of:

The Handbook of Probability is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in numerous fields, such as mathematics, statistics, operations research, engineering, medicine, and finance, as well as a useful text for graduate students.

This edition includes sections on the non-Cartesian tensors, dispersion theory, first-order differential equations, numerical application of Chebyshev polynomials, the fast Fourier transform, and transfer functions. Many of the physical examples provided in this book, which are used to illustrate the applications of mathematics, are taken from the fields of electromagnetic theory and quantum mechanics. The Hermitian operators, Hilbert space, and concept of completeness are also deliberated.

This book is beneficial to students studying graduate level physics, particularly theoretical physics.