This book provides an answer to the mystery of why no peace treaty has yet been signed between Japan and Russia after more than sixty years since the end of World War Two. The author, a leading authority on Japanese-Russian diplomatic history, was trained at the Russian Institute of Columbia University. This volume contributes to our understanding of not only the intricacies of bilateral relations between Moscow and Tokyo, but, more generally, of Russia's and Japan's modes of foreign policy formation. The author also discusses the U.S. factor, which helped make Russia and Japan distant neighbors, and the threat from China, which might help these countries come closer in the near future. It would be hardly possible to discuss the future prospects of Northeast Asia without having first read this book.
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Introduction -- PART ONE WHAT MADE JAPAN AND THE SOVIET UNION "DISTANT NEIGHBORS"? -- Chapter 1 Basic Determinants of Japanese-Soviet Relations -- 1. Background Factors -- 2. Basic Framework: Politico-Diplomatic Factors -- 3. Perceptions, Policies, and International Behavior -- 4. Issues and Disputes -- Chapter 2 Approaches to National Security -- 1. Solving International Conflicts: The Legacy of World War II -- 2. Basic Views on National Security
2. Cancellation: Who Was Responsible? -- 3. Second Cancellation and Decision to Visit -- 4. Evaluating the Summit -- 5. The Tokyo Declaration -- PART FOUR THE YELTSIN PERIOD: THE SECOND TERM -- Chapter 9 From "Atlanticism" to "Eurasianism" -- 1. Two Basic Approaches -- 2. Yeltsin's Shift to Eurasianism -- 3. Ambivalence Toward China -- 4. Effects on Russia's Policy Toward Japan -- Chapter 10 Primakov's Offensive -- 1. The "Joint Economic Development" Proposal: Its Aims -- 2. The Third Step? -- 3. Tokyo's Concerns -- Chapter 11 A Change in Atmospherics: 1997-1998
Why has the stalemate in Japanese-Russian relations persisted through the end of the Cold War and Moscow's weakening control over its far eastern territories? In this volume Kimura continues his comprehensive analysis of Russia and Japan's strained and unstable relations to the present day.
This study by the leading Japanese specialist in the field offers a comprehensive analysis of the deterioration of Soviet-Japanese relations in the 1970s and 1980s -- a period when the two countries clashed over issues ranging from military security to fishing rights and their competing claims to the southern Kuriles, Japan's "Northern Territories", awarded to Stalin at Yalta.
• Motivation It is our dream to understand the principles of animals’ remarkable ability for adaptive motion and to transfer such abilities to a robot. Up to now, mechanisms for generation and control of stereotyped motions and adaptive motions in well-known simple environments have been formulated to some extentandsuccessfullyappliedtorobots.However,principlesofadaptationto variousenvironmentshavenotyetbeenclari?ed,andautonomousadaptation remains unsolved as a seriously di?cult problem in robotics. Apparently, the ability of animals and robots to adapt in a real world cannot be explained or realized by one single function in a control system and mechanism. That is, adaptation in motion is induced at every level from thecentralnervoussystemtothemusculoskeletalsystem.Thus,weorganized the International Symposium on Adaptive Motion in Animals and Machines(AMAM)forscientistsandengineersconcernedwithadaptation onvariouslevelstobebroughttogethertodiscussprinciplesateachleveland to investigate principles governing total systems. • History AMAM started in Montreal (Canada) in August 2000. It was organized by H. Kimura (Japan), H. Witte (Germany), G. Taga (Japan), and K. Osuka (Japan), who had agreed that having a small symposium on motion control, with people from several ?elds coming together to discuss speci?c issues, was worthwhile. Those four organizing committee members determined the scope of AMAM as follows.