These and 57 other teeth-gritters fill the pages of this fun-filled little book. Jokesters from eight to eighty will love regaling friends and relatives with these preposterous quips, each accompanied by an equally zany illustration.
Sure to tickle a lot of funnybones, these witticisms will generate playful groans from audiences of all ages.
Do you always use the right word? Can you pronounce it—and spell it—correctly? Do you know how to avoid illiterate expressions? Do you speak grammatically, without embarrassing mistakes? If the answer to any of these questions is no, you need Word Power Made Easy. Written in a lively, accessible, and timeless style, and loaded with helpful reviews, progress checks, and quizzes to reinforce the material, this classic resource has helped millions learn to speak and write with confidence.
As a new speaker of English, you may hear some expressions in your daily conversations that you do not understand--yet. McGraw-Hill's Conversational American English will help you learn these expressions, so not only do you know what a person is saying to you, but that you can use the expression yourself! More than 3,000 expressions are organized by theme, so you can find what you are looking for quickly. And each topic is illustrated to further help you understand context.
The book features:Common expressions are batched into 350 themes, ranging from general greetings and asking how someone is, to the more specific needs, like showing disbelief, asking someone’s intentions, and expressions for a forgotten word or name A comprehensive thematic glossary provides an additional means for the learner to locate expressions by key words and concepts
Topics include: Basic Social Encounters, Greetings, Small Talk, Introductions, Ending a Conversation, Good-Byes, Agreeing, Disagreeing Conversational Encounters, Focusing Attention, Launching the Conversation, Making Friends, Complex Matters, Disputes, Discussion and Resolution, Polite Encounters, Prefaces, Communication Barriers
As a beginning learner of English, you might find that grammar concepts such as indefinite articles, relative pronouns, the passive voice, or gerunds can be confusing. To go forward with your English skills, you need guidance through tricky grammar areas. That's where Practice Makes Perfect: English Grammar for ESL Learners comes in.
Practice Makes Perfect: English Grammar for ESL Learners offers a complete overview of English grammar using concise, easy-to-understand language. It will help increase your confi dence writing and communicating in English. Thanks to the proven Practice Makes Perfect format, you will polish your English grammar skills in no time at all.
Practice Makes Perfect: English Grammar for ESL Learners helps you:Understand the different rules and elements of grammar Build your grammar skills with more than 100 engaging exercises Broaden your knowledge with sentence rewrites and creative writing prompts New! Test your overall comprehension with a review section
Start speaking English in minutes, and learn key vocabulary, phrases, and grammar in just minutes more with Learn English - Level 1: Introduction - a completely new way to learn English with ease! Learn English - Level 1: Introduction will arm you with language and cultural insight to utterly shock and amaze your English-speaking friends and family, teachers, and colleagues.
What you get in Learn English - Level 1: Introduction:
- 5 Basic Bootcamp lessons: dialog transcripts with translation, vocabulary, sample sentences and a grammar section
- 15 All About lessons: cultural insight and insider-only tips from our teachers in each lesson
- 5 Pronunciation lesson: tips and techniques on proper pronunciation
Discover or rediscover how fun learning a language can be with the future of language learning, and start speaking English instantly!
This Official Guide to the TOEFL Test is the best, most reliable guide to the test that is used around the world to assess foreign applicants to U.S. and Canadian universities for English proficiency. It includes real TOEFL questions for practice, as well as explanations of every section of the test and information on what is expected for every speaking and writing task. You will learn how to construct a good answer and how to integrate speaking, listening, and writing skills to demonstrate college-level English proficiency.
Inside you'll find:600 real TOEFL questions from the test-makers Strategies for success
Easy English Step-by-Step for ESL Learners is based on the idea that the quickest route to learning this subject is building a solid foundation in the basics. You won't find a lot of pointless discussion; instead, you get an original, step-by-step approach to mastering English, with important concepts linked together by clear explanations, appropriate exercises, and helpful answers.
The first steps introduce you to the everyday expressions of the English language, allowing you to communicate in a variety of everyday situations almost immediately. Gradually, a series of interconnected steps takes you from simple to more challenging concepts at your own pace, with a variety of increasingly difficult exercises to practice what you've learned. After working through these exercises, you'll have a better grasp of the subject along with the knowledge and skills you need to handle English with confidence.
Easy English Step-by-Step for ESL Learners features:Easy-to-understand grammar explanations with multiple examples Realistic conversations for practical situations, from Shopping to Getting Around Town and Making Friends Helpful communication strategies, including the use of gestures and body language Exercises to help test what you’ve learned and measure progress Online audio recordings to improve pronunciation and fluency
Danielle Pelletier is the president of English League, a translation and workforce training company that provides English and foreign-language training and cross-cultural education to international students and professionals working in universities and corporations.
Are you tired of making the same mistakes in English again and again? End the bad habits that can leave the people you talk to confused. Correct Your English Errors warns you of hundreds of typical errors learners make and explains the reasons behind the mistakes, so you can correct yourself in the future.
Improve your English skills with this fun and comprehensive guide and avoid all the common mistakes, such as:Mispronouncing and misspelling words Applying your native language's grammar patterns to English Putting verbs in the wrong tense Using incorrect prepositions in expressions Confusing subject-verb agreement
Correct Your English Errors offers exercises covering all parts of grammar and provides review passages to check that you are error-free. Soon, biting your nails will be your only bad habit!
The text proceeds in easy, natural steps, beginning with simple sentence structure and advancing logically to more difficult constructions. More than 600 practice exercises and solutions make this an excellent home-study text. Organized with clarity and emphasizing explanation rather than rote memorization, this selective grammar can be used effectively as a course supplement, as an introduction for beginners, or as a reference for students and teachers.
The book starts with a pretest that helps you identify the areas you need to work on. The pretest is followed by eleven chapters, broken down to a number of subchapters that each deal with a specific grammar point. The related explanations are accompanied by real-life sample sentences, timeline diagrams, tables, and quotes. If a similar point or the same point is discussed in a different part of the book, you will find cross-references to that point. Where appropriate, chapters begin with guiding questions and end with revision questions. Most of the chapters are followed by exercises, including multiple choice, sentence transformation, error correction, gap filling and matching exercises, as well as communicative tasks that can be done in language lessons. At the end of the book, there is an appendix which contains a list of the most common irregular verb forms and the most important spelling rules; a list of the quotes that appear in the book; and a glossary that defines grammatical terms frequently used in the explanations.
The chapters in this book are not arranged in order of difficulty. This way, the book can be used for quick reference on specific points of interest, as well as for systematic study, either as a self-study grammar book or as additional material in an ESL/EFL course. No matter which way you use the book, it is recommended that you follow the cross-references, which will lead you to further information on a given item. The exercises, which come with suggested answers, are best done using pen and paper. These exercises will not only help you to practise grammar but also to tie grammatical forms to real-world meaning.
Collins Easy Learning English Vocabulary is a topic-based vocabulary book, covering over 50 topics, from everyday themes such as family, friends, and hobbies, to topics for travel, work, business and study.
The words within each theme are listed alphabetically so that they are easy to find. Each word has a definition, written in simple language, and phonetics, to help the user learn how to say the word.
An 'Examples' section has corpus examples from real English showing important collocations, as well as useful phrases and idioms.
Collins Easy Learning English Vocabulary contains all the vocabulary a learner needs to communicate effectively in English, and is the perfect resource for users who want to build their vocabulary in a methodical way.
These five actual retired TOEFL iBT® test forms contain authentic reading, listening, speaking, and writing questions. Each form includes an Answer Key and complete audio scripts. The TOEFL® test is an English-language proficiency exam accepted by colleges, universities, and agencies around the world.
Also included are downloadable interactive. computer-delivered versions of all five tests, plus separate audio tracks for all test listening sections.
Includes:Over 300 real TOEFL® questions from the test makers Real TOEFL® essay-writing prompts Sample responses for Speaking and Writing questions Downloadable computerized, interactive versions of all five tests
About the Authors
At Educational Testing Service (ETS; Princeton, NJ) we advance quality and equity in education for people worldwide by creating assessments based on rigorous research. ETS serves individuals, educational institutions, and government agencies by providing customized solutions for teacher certification, English language learning, and elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education, and by conducting education research, analysis, and policy studies. Founded as a non-profit in 1947, ETS develops, administers, and scores more than 50 million tests annually—including the TOEFL® and TOEIC tests, the GRE® tests, and the Praxis® assessments—in more than 180 countries, at over 9,000 locations worldwide.
Suitable for English-language learners of all levels, from beginner to advanced, and even experienced English speakers looking for a reminder of key language points, English for Everyone: English Grammar Guide is an intuitive way to study English grammar. Clear illustrations put learning points in context and make them easy to remember, and simple graphics and annotated sample sentences break down grammar constructions, making even difficult points easy to follow.
English for Everyone: English Grammar Guide covers the language skills, vocabulary, and grammar needed for the major global English-language exams, including TOEFL. All learning is practiced across speaking, listening, reading, and writing exercises, offering rounded preparation for work, travel, study, and exams. Download the free app and practice online with free listening exercises at www.dkefe.com.
Collins Easy Learning How to Use English not only explains what English words mean, but also provides information on how the words actually work. The entries are organized alphabetically so that they are easy to find, and each has a clear explanation of when and how to use the word. Each entry also includes examples from the Collins Corpus, which show how the words are really used in everyday English.
The title covers a range of different areas of the English language, to help learners use the language naturally and effectively. It provides clear information on easily confused words, words with similar meanings, and help with words that are often tricky for learners to understand.
With additional information on American English, and warning notes highlighting particular problems, the Collins Easy Learning How to Use English is an indispensible tool for learning English today.
Interactive. Effective. And FUN!
Start speaking English in minutes, and learn key vocabulary, phrases, and grammar in just minutes more with Beginner English, a completely new way to learn English with ease! Beginner English will arm you with English and American cultural insight to utterly shock and amaze your English speaking friends and family, teachers, and colleagues.
What you get in Beginner English:
- 150+ pages of English learning material
- 25 English lessons: dialog transcripts with translation, vocabulary, sample sentences and a grammar section
- 25 Audio Lesson Tracks (over 4 hours of English lessons)
- 25 Audio Review Tracks (practice new words and phrases)
- 25 Audio Dialog Tracks (read along while you listen)
This book is the most powerful way to learn English. Guaranteed.
You get the two most powerful components of our language learning system: the audio lessons and lesson notes.
Why are the audio lessons so effective?
- powerful and to the point
- repeat after the professional teacher to practice proper pronunciation
- cultural insight and insider-only tips from our teachers in each lesson
- fun and relaxed approach to learning
- effortlessly learn from bi-lingual and bi-cultural hosts as they guide you through the pitfalls and pleasures of America and English.
Why are the lesson notes so effective?
- improve listening comprehension and reading comprehension by reading the dialog transcript while listening to the conversation
- master English script by reading the lesson notes
- grasp the exact meaning of phrases and expressions with sample sentences and the expansion section
- expand your word and phrase usage with the expansion section
- master and learn to use English grammar with the grammar section
Interactive. Effective. And FUN!
Discover or rediscover how fun learning a language can be with the future of language learning.
Buy or sample this eBook now!
And start speaking English instantly!
Do you need a high score in the IELTS writing section (Academic test format)? Would you like to see what a high scoring sample answer look like (written by an IELTS teacher)? Do you want to know the important tips that make high scoring answers? If you're someone who wants to achieve a 7, 8 or 9 for the IELTS writing section, then you're about to see exactly how an IELTS professional writes high scoring answers! This ebook provides sample answers that are exactly what the examiners look for. Did you know that many sample IELTS writing answers on the internet today do not match the expectations of an IELTS examiner? So it's important that if you are in the search for model answers then you consider answers that are accurate examples that align with the official IELTS scoring criteria. Imagine being able to understand how high scoring answers are structured for Task 2? How about learning how grammar and vocabulary are used? You can, just by downloading this book! Inside this book you'll get: - High scoring model answers - The IELTS writing question types (clearly explained) - Suggested answer structure (which you can follow and use yourself) - Scoring criteria (how to write your answers to maximise your score) - Important tips you must know If you're sick of reading different IELTS preparation books, if you're tired of taking the IELTS several times and still not getting the score you want, then you must download this book! It will save you time and you'll quickly understand the differences between low scoring answers and high scoring answers. This book has been put together to guide IELTS students on how to best answer the writing questions. Along with sample answers, which the author has written herself, the book also shares important tips for helping you succeed!
Writing Task 2 is designed to test your ability to write an academic style essay. You must present the information in your own words as complete sentences within paragraphs. You are required to write over 250 words, and the task should be completed in about 40 minutes (both part 1 and 2 must be finished in 1 hour).
Types of Topics
There are many different topics for essays in the exam, but typical topic areas include: education, crime, media, technology, social issues, technology and the future, and the environment. In this case it makes sense to build up vocabulary in these key areas in order to have sufficient language to write an essay well.
Types of Questions
There are three main types of essay questions that are included in the IELTS writing exam. It is important to learn how to structure each of these types. Each of these will be described more fully in the sections that follow. Briefly, they are an opinion essay, where you are asked to give your own personal opinion on a topic; a both sides and opinion essay, where you are required to discuss both sides of an argument and then give your own personal opinion on the topic; and a two question essay, which involves responding to two different questions.
Taking a developmental approach to improving writing skills, Writing Better English helps you increase your levels of proficiency in both grammar and vocabulary. Before tackling sentence structures, the book helps you reinforce those grammar elements you may have trouble with, like verb tenses and pronouns. You'll then expand your written communication abilities through comprehensive explanations, skill-building exercises, and practical writing activities.
Bite-size lessons. Big-time learning, now with digital support
Practice Makes Perfect Premium: Basic English takes this successful workbook to the next level with digital support (through iOS, Android, and desktop app) that provides you with invaluable tools to ensure mastery of the content. Inside, three-page units cover each subject, which can be completed in a mere 10 to 15 minutes! Also included are engaging and humorous exercises to keep you focused and interested while you gain confidence in your new language.
Features:Sets of flashcards for all the vocabulary lists with progress tracking An answer key for all exercises in the book with progress tracking Audio recordings for all exercise answers in English and reading passages Record and replay function to compare your pronunciations to those of native speakers
Helps English Language Learners Improve Their Skills
A fun guide to everything American for the English language learner!
Authored by seasoned ESL instructors, this handy guidebook is perfect for people who already have a good grasp of English, but want to improve how they speak the language as it is spoken in the United States.
Written in a lighthearted and easy-to-follow style, this book is a great resource for people of all ages and all nationalities. Each unit introduces commonly used phrases, vocabulary, and verbs, and offers sample dialogs to illustrate everyday American life. Sentence completions, quizzes, tips, and illustrations make learning fun.
Individual units cover topics essential to the mosaic of American life: making friends, basic skills, driving, dining out, dealing with money, home life, emergency situations, doctor visits, handling a job interview, and more.
To improve your pronunciation, listen to the embedded audio that accompanies this e-book or download the Mp3. The audio contains all the dialogues and pronunciation pointers found in the book so you can listen along and practice your speaking skills as you read. The dialogues are read by native speakers and are a great way to work on accent reduction.
If you’re looking for a fun and easy way to improve your English language skills, this is the book for you!
McGraw-Hill Education 6 IELTS Practice Tests with Audio is the ideal way to sharpen skills and prepare for this high-stakes English proficiency test required for admission or hiring by hundreds of schools, multinational corporations, and government agencies worldwide. Created by a veteran IELTS teacher and grader, it offers the intensive IELTS practice students need for success.
The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is a paper-based test that consists of four modules—Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking. Question types include multiple choice, sentence completion, short answer, classification, matching, labeling, and diagram/chart interpretation. McGraw-Hill Education 6 IELTS Practice Tests provides intensive practice with tests just like the real IELTS in format, topic coverage, and degree of difficulty. Downloadable audio tracks are provided for all listening portions of the tests.Features
6 full-length IELTS practice tests just like the real exam Clues embedded in the first two tests guide students and help them answer. Complete answer explanations and model essay responses for the first two tests; answer keys only for the last three tests. Scripts for all Listening sections with highlighting to indicate answers to test questions
Collins COBUILD English Usage has been thoroughly revised and updated to make it easier to use, and to include hundreds of new, updated examples, taken directly from the Bank of English corpus. The new edition offers mproved coverage of American English, numerous warning notes highlighting particular problems and graded lists of words to help learners build their active vocabulary.
Presented in a clear, user-friendly style, and with logically organized Usage, Grammar and Topics sections, the Collins COBUILD English Usage gives you three books in one and is the indispensable reference tool for learning English today.
Developed by acclaimed speech consultant and accent specialist Susan Cameron, Perfecting Your English Pronunciation features her successful method, which focuses on the anatomical placement of sound and on the musculature used in articulation. Where other accent reduction/English pronunciation products rely on solely mimicking of audio sounds, this work focuses visually, audibly, and narratively on the physical ability to speak English, noting that many sounds of English may be difficult for you because some tongue positions used in English may not be used in your native language.
The 45-minute DVD introduces you to mouth and jaw exercises to prepare you for English, then demonstrates mouth formations and tongue placement using other nonnative speakers like you. You will see and hear how English sounds--enabling you to become more and more comfortable conversing with native English speakers as you go through the program.
You may have all the vocabulary down pat and every grammar point nailed--but without the skill of knowing how to put these elements together, communicating in your second language would be nearly impossible. Practice Makes Perfect: English Sentence Builders picks up from where other grammar books leave off, showing you the variety of structures and how to combine them to make solid sentences. And like every Practice Makes Perfect title, these books feature crystal-clear explanations, numerous realistic examples, and dozens of opportunities to practice, practice, practice!
Practice Makes Perfect: English Vocabulary for Beginning ESL Learners helps you develop your vocabulary by providing practice in word-building and encouraging you to analyze new words for an ever-increasing vocabulary. Each chapter of this comprehensive book focuses on a theme, such as family or travel, so you can build your language skills in a systematic manner. As you lay the foundation for an increasing vocabulary, you are able to perfect your new words with plenty of exercises and gain the confidence to communicate well in English.
Practice Makes Perfect: English Vocabulary offers you:More than 220 exercises Concise grammatical explanations A new chapter on contemporary vocabulary An answer key to gauge your comprehension
With help from this book, you can easily speak or write in English about:
Different occupations and jobs * American holidays and traditions * Taking the train * Growing your own garden * Where it hurts on your body * Your house * Your family and friends * What you studied in school * Your favorite TV show * Your family's background . . . and much more!
This invaluable guide is suitable for learners of English wishing to improve their accuracy and avoid the most basic mistakes.
The book offers help with Spelling and Punctuation, and covers the major parts of speech in depth. It offers clear guidance on word choice and confusable words. A comprehensive exercise section also reinforces the key points for each thematic section.
What’s more, its clear, thematic layout makes information easy to find and understand.
Suitable for learners of English with a pre-intermediate to intermediate level of English (A2-B2), but who want to improve their accuracy by overcoming the most common mistakes made by non-native speakers of English.
Practice Makes Perfect: Advanced English Grammar for ESL Learners is focused on those grammar topics that might pose special problems for you, especially if English is not your first language. Because it targets advanced topics, you will quickly zero in on what holds you back from fluency. And like with all of the bestselling Practice Makes Perfect books, you can practice through exercises and reinforce your knowledge.
The book includes:775 exercises Expertise from Mark Lester, an ESL expert in grammar who founded the highly respected ESL department at the University of Hawaii. He authored the most popular college classroom grammar in the country
Topics include: Noun plurals, Possessive nouns and personal pronouns, Articles and quantifiers, Adjectives, Verb forms and tenses, Talking about present time, Talking about past time, Talking about future time, Causative verbs, The passive, The structure of adjective clauses, Restrictive and nonrestrictive adjective clauses, Gerunds, Infinitives, Noun clauses
Please visit the series companion website for more information: http://routledgetextbooks.com/textbooks/9781315679594/
With more entries than any other reference of its kind, McGraw-Hill’s Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs shows you how American English is spoken today. You will find commonly used phrasal verbs, idiomatic expressions, proverbial expressions, and clichés. The dictionary contains more than 24,000 entries, each defined and followed by one or two example sentences. It also includes a Phrase-Finder Index with more than 60,000 entries.
The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is a paper-based test that consists of four modules—Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking. Question types include multiple choice, sentence completion, short answer, classification, matching, labeling, and diagram/chart interpretation. Created by ESL experts at Cambridge University in the UK, the IELTS English proficiency exam is used worldwide for admission to English-speaking colleges and universities.
McGraw-Hill’s IELTS provides intensive instruction and practice for every question type you may encounter on this important exam, plus four complete sample tests with explanations. The audio CD packaged with the book provides audio tracks for all listening portions of the test.
There are a number of IELTS speaking books on the market but this book aims to break new ground by focusing on how to prepare for and achieve a speaking score of 7 (or maybe higher). All of the skills and strategies presented in this book are typical of a high scoring speaking candidate.
This book is intended for anyone who intends to take the IELTS test; it will also help learners of English improve their speaking skills. It is suitable for both classroom use and self-study.
Most people would agree that an OK score in speaking is 5 or 6.
Many students now realise that a score of 5 or 6 for speaking is not enough for their study requirements.
Many students spend months preparing for the IELTS speaking test and still find it difficult to score 7 or higher. In fact some candidates actually score lower than they potentially could have scored. There are a few reasons behind this poor performance and these will be discussed in detail throughout this book, but one major factor is the lack of quality material available for IELTS speaking preparation.
Your one-stop guide to a career that will take you places
If you thought that teaching a language that's second nature to you would be easy, think again! Explaining grammar, or teaching correct pronunciation while simultaneously developing your own skills as a teacher can be a huge challenge. Whether you're on a training course or have already started teaching, this book will help launch your career and give you the confidence and expertise you need to be a brilliant teacher.Make an educated decision – decide between the various courses, qualifications and job locations available to youStart from scratch – plan well-structured lessons and develop successful and effective teaching techniquesFocus on skills – from reading and writing, to listening and speaking, get your students sounding and feeling fluentGet your head around grammar – teach students to put sentences together, recognise tenses and use adjectives and adverbsAll shapes and sizes – tailor your lessons to younger learners, one-to-ones, exam classes and Business English learners
Open the book and find:TEFL, TESOL, EFL – what all the acronyms meanThe best course books and materials to supplement your teachingAdvice on running your class and handling difficultiesLesson plans that you can use in the classroomActivities and exercises to keep your students on their toesConstructive ways to correct and assess your students' performanceWays to inject some fun into your classesInsider information on the best jobs around the world
'An invaluable manual for anyone thinking of embarking on a TEFL journey. Michelle Maxom's step-by-step guide provides practical tips to get you started and offers key advice to help unleash the creative English language teacher within.'
– Claire Woollam, Director of Studies & a Teacher Trainer at Language Link London
We've put all of our proven expertise into McGraw-Hill Education: 400 Must-Have Words for the TOEFL, 2nd Edition, to make sure you're fully prepared for this difficult exam. With this updated and expanded guide, you'll get essential skill-building techniques and strategies created by leading ESL educators. You'll also get 410 commonly tested words, more than 150 activities and exercises, and a free Language Lab app to help you study. With McGraw-Hill Education: 400 Must-Have Words for the TOEFL, we'll guide you step by step through the essential vocabulary--and give you the tools you need to improve your score on the TOEFL.
This edition includes:More than 400 important words for the TOEFL, with the addition of a new chapter Example sentences, usage tips, and commonly used parts of speech related to the word A TOEFL-style reading with exercises for each chapter A free Language Lab app with flashcard vocabulary quizzes
A fully integrated vocabulary development program in American English, progressing from essential words to the more complex, delivered in short thematic units. Realistic scenarios and modern artwork are easy to relate to and these, together with story pages and practice exercises, have been applauded for their success in promoting critical thinking skills. Content is fully supported by a range of components (in English only) - including Workbooks, Classroom Activities, Audio and website.
Phrases are divided into around 30 main sections, such as Introducing a Study, Arguing For and Against, Reviewing other Work, Summarizing and Conclusions.
Writing Help sections give advice on university and research writing, helping you to avoid many common errors in English. Main chapters include Style, Spelling, Punctuation, Grammar, Vocabulary, Numbers and Time.
The 4th edition also includes a University and Research Thesaurus to help you improve your academic vocabulary, as well as a Glossary of University and Research Terminology.
The PhraseBook is used in more than 30 countries in subjects ranging from Medicine, Engineering, Science and Technology to Law, Business and Economics, Geography, History, Sociology, Psychology, Language and Education.
Over 5000 words and phrases to help you write, present and publish in EnglishWritten by PhD authorsSpecially designed for non-native speakersSuitable for university and research writing from student to researcher and faculty levelIncludes most frequent words in academic EnglishExercises for individual and classroom useBritish and American English
"This material, prepared by experienced editors, is certainly very useful" Photosynthetica
Introducing your work
This becomes clear when one examines...This lends weight to the argument that...Support for this interpretation comes from...While it may well be valid that..., this study argues the importance of...A serious drawback of this approach is...One of the prime failings of this theory or explanation is...Reviewing other work
X takes little or no account of...There is little evidence to suggest that...The study offers only cursory examination of...X gives a detailed if not always tenable analysis of...The authors' claim that...is not well founded.X's explanation is not implausible, if not entirely satisfactory.Analysis and explanation
If, for the sake of argument, we assume...One of the most obvious consequences of...is...Although it may well be true that..., it is important not to overlook...It is important to distinguish carefully between...The extent to which this reflects...is unclear.A more plausible explanation for or of...would...The reason for...is unknown, but...has been suggested by X as a possible factor. Summary and conclusions
Concluding this section, we can say that...Chapter X draws together the main findings of the paper.A number of key issues have been addressed in this study.This study has highlighted a number of problem areas in existing theory.While the initial findings are promising, further research is necessary.The results of this study suggest a number of new avenues for research.
English prepositions are often used together with verbs as set phrases. For example The verb listengenerally takes the preposition to, as in “I like to listen to jazz.” Other examples include: apologize for , belong to, care for, devote to, elaborate on, fell like, graduate from, help with, invest in, know about, look at, matter to, object to, participate in, recover from, succeed in, think of, vouch for, and write about. This book includes 225 of these combinations.Why learn verb & preposition combination?
Getting the preposition right is essential for making your ideas understood in English. There is a differences between hear about and hear from. Knowing these differences, and knowing which preposition to use with which verb will help you sound more natural in English. This can help you in both everyday life and in the workplace. Of course theses preparing for the TOEFL and TOEIC exams will certainly need to know these combinations.
This book contains five actual retired TOEFL® test forms with authentic reading, listening, speaking, and writing questions. Each form includes an Answer Key, sample responses for speaking and writing questions, and complete audio scripts. The TOEFL® test is the most respected English-language proficiency exam accepted by colleges, universities, and agencies around the world.
Also included are downloadable interactive, computer-delivered versions of all five tests, plus separate audio tracks for all test listening sections.
Includes:Over 300 real TOEFL® questions from the test makers Real TOEFL® essay-writing prompts Sample responses for Speaking and Writing questions Downloadable computerized, interactive versions of all five tests
About the Authors
At Educational Testing Service (ETS; Princeton, NJ) we advance quality and equity in education for people worldwide by creating assessments based on rigorous research. ETS serves individuals, educational institutions, and government agencies by providing customized solutions for teacher certification, English language learning, and elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education, and by conducting education research, analysis, and policy studies. Founded as a non-profit in 1947, ETS develops, administers, and scores more than 50 million tests annually—including the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests, the GRE® tests, and the Praxis® assessments—in more than 180 countries, at over 9,000 locations worldwide.
Each chapter includes practical steps and suggests tools for applying different kinds of linguistic knowledge in classrooms. The activities and exercises are adaptable to elementary or high school settings. Many examples focus on the intersection of math, science, and language. Teacher case studies show how real teachers have used these concepts to inform teaching practices. Given the increasing use of multimedia resources in today’s schools, multiple mediums are integrated to engage educators in learning about language. The Companion Website provides a multitude of relevant resources that illustrate the diversity of language functions and debates about language in society.