Physical organic chemistry is viewed as a particular approach to scientific enquiry rather than a further intellectual specialization. Organometallic compounds are included, and relevant aspects of physical theoretical, inorganic, and biological chemistry are incorporated in reviews where appropriate.
Herbal remedies have been around for years and many people count on them every day. Some carry a strong belief that there is no need to rely on medications. Among the alternative medicine approaches, essential oils are used for a number of different conditions and offer a variety of benefits.
After a stress filled day, it would be nice to come home and just relax. Some have found that they can get fast relaxation by taking a warm bath using essential oils. A mix of the oils and the aromas can relax one so much that it puts the client to sleep.
Because essential oils are extracted from plant material, they often contain the nutritional essence of the plants themselves. In concentrated form, they can impart huge health benefits, when they are ingested into the body.
Essential Oils will guide you through the various uses and benefits of essential oils, highlighting how to use them to lose weight, relieve pain, maintain your skin, as well as strengthen your hair. The various uses of essential oils is nearly limitless. Come discover what many others have: that there is now a safer, more natural way to protect yourself and your family.
The easy way to take the confusion out of organic chemistry
Organic chemistry has a long-standing reputation as a difficult course. Organic Chemistry I For Dummies takes a simple approach to the topic, allowing you to grasp concepts at your own pace.
This fun, easy-to-understand guide explains the basic principles of organic chemistry in simple terms, providing insight into the language of organic chemists, the major classes of compounds, and top trouble spots. You'll also get the nuts and bolts of tackling organic chemistry problems, from knowing where to start to spotting sneaky tricks that professors like to incorporate.Refreshed example equationsNew explanations and practical examples that reflect today's teaching methodsFully worked-out organic chemistry problems
Baffled by benzines? Confused by carboxylic acids? Here's the help you need—in plain English!
New chapters include: high-temperature oxidation of metals and alloys, nanomaterials, and dental materials, anodic protection. Also featured are chapters dealing with standards for corrosion testing, microbiological corrosion, and electrochemical noise.
The seventh edition is restructured into three parts: Basic Concepts, Nuclear Power (including new chapters on nuclear power plants and introduction to reactor theory), and Radiation and Its Uses. Part Two in particular has been updated with current developments, including a new section on Reactor Safety and Security (with a discussion of the Fukushima Diiachi accident); updated information on naval and space propulsion; and revised and updated information on radioactive waste storage, transportation, and disposal. Part Three features new content on biological effects of radiation, radiation standards, and radiation detection.Coverage of energy economics integrated into appropriate chaptersMore worked examples and end of chapter exercisesUpdated final chapter on nuclear explosions for current geopolitical developments
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More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
This Schaum's Outline gives you673 fully solved problems Hundreds of examples with explanations of chemistry concepts Support for all the major textbooks for beginning chemistry courses
Fully compatible with your classroom text, Schaum's highlights all the important facts you need to know. Use Schaum’s to shorten your study time--and get your best test scores!Schaum’s Outlines--Problem Solved.
With advances in information-age technologies, the field ofelectroplating has seen dramatic growth in the decade since theprevious edition of Modern Electroplating was published. Thisexpanded new edition addresses these developments, providing acomprehensive, one-stop reference to the latest methods andapplications of electroplating of metals, alloys, semiconductors,and conductive polymers.
With special emphasis on electroplating and electrochemicalplating in nanotechnologies, data storage, and medicalapplications, the Fifth Edition boasts vast amounts of new andrevised material, unmatched in breadth and depth by any other bookon the subject. It includes:
Easily accessible, self-contained contributions by over thirtyexperts
Five completely new chapters and hundreds of additionalpages
A cutting-edge look at applications in nanoelectronics
Coverage of the formation of nanoclusters and quantum dots usingscanning tunneling microscopy (STM)
An important discussion of the physical properties of metal thinfilms
Chapters devoted to methods, tools, control, and environmentalissues
And much more
A must-have for anyone in electroplating, including technicians,platers, plating researchers, and metal finishers, ModernElectroplating, Fifth Edition is also an excellent reference forelectrical engineers and researchers in the automotive, datastorage, and medical industries.
As a new mom, Jessica Alba wanted to create the safest, healthiest environment for her family. But she was frustrated by the lack of trustworthy information on how to live healthier and cleaner--delivered in a way that a busy mom could act on without going to extremes. In 2012, with serial entrepreneur Brian Lee and environmental advocate Christopher Gavigan, she launched The Honest Company, a brand where parents can find reliable information and products that are safe, stylish, and affordable. The Honest Life shares the insights and strategies she gathered along the way.
The Honest Life recounts Alba's personal journey of discovery and reveals her tips for making healthy living fun, real, and stylish, while offering a candid look inside her home and daily life. She shares strategies for maintaining a clean diet (with favorite family-friendly recipes) and embraces nontoxic choices at home and provides eco-friendly decor tips to fit any budget. Alba also discusses cultivating a daily eco beauty routine, finding one's personal style without resorting to yoga pants, and engaging in fun, hands-on activities with kids. Her solutions are easy, chic, and down-to-earth: they're honest. And discovering everyday ways to live naturally and authentically--true to you--could be honestly life-changing.
Jorgensen introduces key figures in the story of radiation—from Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of x-rays, and pioneering radioactivity researchers Marie and Pierre Curie, to Thomas Edison and the victims of the recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Tracing the most important events in the evolution of radiation, Jorgensen explains exactly what radiation is, how it produces certain health consequences, and how we can protect ourselves from harm. He also considers a range of practical scenarios such as the risks of radon in our basements, radiation levels in the fish we eat, questions about cell-phone use, and radiation's link to cancer. Jorgensen empowers us to make informed choices while offering a clearer understanding of broader societal issues.
Investigating radiation's benefits and risks, Strange Glow takes a remarkable look at how, for better or worse, radiation has transformed our society.
• first to provide exam data-mining in study guide
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• an expert guide to lead one abstract knowledge and wisdom
• provides exact, accurate, complete and independent self–education
• the only guide currently that covers Planning Questions
• advanced trade book
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• also suitable for
• Cambridge GCE AL (H1/H2)
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• Primary level, Secondary level, GCE O-level, GCE A-level, iGCSE, Cambridge A-level, Hong Kong DSE
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Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage.
The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science.Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plantsDiscusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one bookReviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic oreIndustrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources
New in the Third Edition:
Computer-aided calculation of phase diagrams Recent developments in metallic glasses The Scheil method of calculating a CCT diagram from a TTT diagram Expanded treatment of the nucleation and growth of polygonal ferrite and bainite New case studies covering copper precipitation hardening of very low carbon bainitic steel and very fine carbide-free bainite Detailed treatment of strain-induced martensite provides a theoretical background to transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels
Unique Presentation Links Theory to Application
Adding new case studies, detailed examples, and exercises drawn from current applications, the third edition keeps the previous editions’ popular easy-to -follow style and excellent mix of basic and advanced information, making it ideal for those new to the field. The book’s unique presentation links basic understanding of theory with application in a gradually progressive yet exciting manner. Based on the author’s teaching notes, the book takes a pedagogical approach and provides examples for applications and problems that can be readily used for exercises.
PowerPoint© illustrations available with qualifying course adoptions
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach,2nd Edition introduces this important technique,to help students to design their own organic syntheses. There areforty chapters: those on the synthesis of given types of moleculesalternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learntare placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover manyways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromaticand aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressingto molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapterscover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, anddevelop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designedfor difficult problems.
Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, naturalproducts, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds,dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advancedsynthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound aregiven.
This second edition has been fully revised and updated with amodern look. Recent examples and techniques are included andillustrated additional material has been added to take the studentto the level required by the sequel, “Organic Synthesis:Strategy and Control”.
Several chapters contain extensive new material based on coursesthat the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceuticalindustry.
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2ndedition provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis forchemistry and biochemistry students and a refresher for organicchemists working in industry and academia.
Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
An international effort and industry-academia collaboration, this volume features expert contributions, focusing on the contemporary state-of-the-art concerning the many facets of the production of detergents and surfactants.
Thus, the Handbook of Detergents, Part F – Production, deals with the production of anionic, cationic, nonionic, and amphoteric surfactants, key builders, bleaching and whitening agents, enzymes and other components of detergent formulations in different contexts, gauges and related concerns, and discusses various technological procedures of production processes involving the components of surfactants and detergents.
The Third Edition includes new exercises in each chapter that provide practice in a technique immediately after discussion or example and encourage self-study. The first ten chapters are constructed around a sequence of mathematical topics, with a gradual progression into more advanced material. The final chapter discusses mathematical topics needed in the analysis of experimental data.
* Numerous examples and problems interspersed throughout the presentations
* Each extensive chapter contains a preview, objectives, and summary
* Includes topics not found in similar books, such as a review of general algebra and an introduction to group theory
* Provides chemistry specific instruction without the distraction of abstract concepts or theoretical issues in pure mathematics
Our molecular guide makes its first appearance at the source of the Chemical Cosmos, at a time when only three elements and a total of 11 molecules existed. From those simple beginnings, H-three-plus guides us down river on the violent currents of exploding stars, through the streams of the Interstellar Medium, and into the delta where new stars and planets form. We are finally left on the shores of the sea of life. Along the way, we meet the key characters who have shaped our understanding of the chemistry of the universe, such as Cambridge physicist J.J. Thomson and the Chicago chemist Takeshi Oka. And we are given an insider’s view of just how astronomers, making use of telescopes and Earth-orbiting satellites, have put together our modern view of the Chemical Cosmos.
With its balanced presentation of polymer chemistry, physics,and engineering applications, the Third Edition of this classictext continues to instill readers with a solid understanding of thecore concepts underlying polymeric materials. Both students andinstructors have praised the text for its clear explanations andlogical organization. It begins with molecular-level considerationsand then progressively builds the reader's knowledge withdiscussions of bulk properties, mechanical behavior, and processingmethods.
Following a brief introduction, Fundamental Principles ofPolymeric Materials is divided into four parts:
Part 1: Polymer Fundamentals
Part 2: Polymer Synthesis
Part 3: Polymer Properties
Part 4: Polymer Processing and Performance
Thoroughly Updated and Revised
Readers familiar with the previous edition of this text willfind that the organization and style have been updated with newmaterial to help them grasp key concepts and discover the latestscience, techniques, and applications. For example, there are newintroductory sections on organic functional groups focusing on thestructures found in condensation polymerizations. The text alsofeatures new techniques for polymer analysis, processing, andmicroencapsulation as well as emerging techniques such as atomtransfer radical polymerization.
At the end of each chapter are problems—including manythat are new to this edition—to test the reader's grasp ofcore concepts as they advance through the text. There are alsoreferences leading to the primary literature for furtherinvestigation of individual topics.
A classic in its field, this text enables students in chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science, and mechanical engineeringto fully grasp and apply the fundamentals of polymeric materials,preparing them for more advanced coursework.
Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything fromthe simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complexsynthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds.Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used tointroduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrateester functionality into organic compoundsDiscusses the advantages and disadvantages of each syntheticmethod or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibilityand other important considerationsFeatures numerous examples in the form of text, reactiondiagrams, and tables.
With concise descriptions presenting the chemical, physical and electrical properties of any given compound, this subject matter will serve as an introduction to the field. This compendium is vital for students and scientific researchers in all fields of scientific endeavors, including non-chemists.2013 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers' PROSE Awards Presents a systematic coverage of all known alkaline earth inorganic compounds and their propertiesProvides a clear, consistent presentation based on groups facilitatating easy comparisons Includes the structure of all the compounds in high quality full-color graphics Summarizes all currently known properties of the transition metals compounds Lists the uses and applications of these compounds in electronics, energy, and catalysis
Drawing on the expertise of leading researchers in their fields, Current Topics in Elastomers Research provides the first comprehensive overview of rubber research activities from around the world. Divided into seven sections, this seminal work begins with a general introduction before presenting the chemistry and structure-property relationships of a variety of new materials and composites. The second section covers the most important rubber ingredients along with the current thinking on their mechanism of action.
Two important new characterization techniques, 3D-TEM and AFM, are evaluated in the third section, while the fourth considers the physics and engineering aspects of elastomers, including reinforcement mechanisms, viscoelastic properties, fatigue life, abrasion, adhesion, rheology, mixing and processing, and the effects of time, temperature and fluids. The fifth section pays respect to the tire, a driving impetus for research and one of the major applications of rubber. Finally, the book includes two chapters on eco-friendly technology and recycling, perhaps the most important engineering topic in this age of globalization and environmental responsibility.
Barring the inaccessibility of truly classified information, Current Topics in Elastomers Research is a complete review of current elastomers research and applications, compiling once-guarded knowledge and outlining the future directions of the field.
The first book to consider this topic, Click Chemistry forBiotechnology and Materials Science examines the fundamentalsof click chemistry, its application to the precise design andsynthesis of macromolecules, and its numerous applications inmaterials science and biotechnology. The book surveys thecurrent research, discusses emerging trends and futureapplications, and provides an important nucleation point forresearch.
Edited by one of the top 100 young innovators with the greatestpotential to have an impact on technology in the 21stcentury according to Technology Review and with contributions frompioneers in the field, Click Chemistry for Biotechnology andMaterials Science provides an ideal reference for anyonewanting to learn more about click reactions.
This book discusses the fundamental aspects of chemistry, chemical technology and machineries involved in the various pre-treatment process of textiles before subsequent dyeing, printing and finishing. With the introduction of newer fibres, specialty chemicals, improved technology and sophisticated machineries developed during the last decade, this book fills a gap in this area of technology. However, its real strength is its clear perception of ample background description, which will enable readers to understand most current journals, thus staying abreast of the latest advances in the field.
Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials arenot included as part of eBook file.
This essential reference to SPS covers:
The preparation of syndiotactic polystyrene by half-metallocenesand other transition metal catalysts
The structure and fundamental properties, especially morphologyand crystallization and solution behavior
The commercial process for SPS manufacturing
Properties, processing, and applications of syndiotacticpolystyrenes
Polymers based on syndiotactic polystyrenes, for example, byfunctionalization and modification, and nanocomposites
Ideal for polymer chemists, physicists, plastics engineers,materials scientists, and all those dealing with plasticsmanufacturing and processing, this important resource provides theinformation one needs to compare, select, and integrate anappropriate materials solution for industrial use or research.
Chapters in part one explore the properties and processing of natural rubber, including the biosynthesis of natural rubber in different rubber-producing species, chemical modification of natural rubber for improved performance, and the effect of strain-induced crystallization on the physical properties of natural rubber. Further chapters highlight hydrophobic and hydrophilic silica-filled cross-linked natural rubber and computer simulation of network formation in natural rubber. Part two focusses on applications of natural rubber, including eco-friendly bio-composites using natural rubber matrices and reinforcements, soft bio-composites from natural rubber and marine products, natural rubber for the tire industry, the application of epoxidized natural rubber in pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs), and the use of natural rubber for vibration isolation and earthquake protection of structures. Finally, chapters in part three consider environmental and safety issues associated with natural rubber, including improving the sustainable development of natural rubber, the recycling of natural and synthetic isoprene rubbers and of sulfur cross-linked natural rubber, and recent research on natural rubber latex allergy.
Chemistry, Manufacture and Applications of Natural Rubber is a comprehensive resource for academics, chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the rubber industry, as well as those industries, including automotive, civil, and medical engineering, using natural rubber products.An updated review with systematic and comprehensive coverage of natural rubbersCovers a broad range of topics, including the chemistry, processing, sustainability, and applications of natural rubbersCoverage of the best international research, including key experts from Asia, the United States, South America, and Europe
Topics addressed include transport with inertia, described by persistent random walks and hyperbolic reaction-transport equations and transport by anomalous diffusion, in particular subdiffusion, where the mean square displacement grows sublinearly with time. In particular reaction-diffusion systems are studied where the medium is in turn either spatially inhomogeneous, compositionally heterogeneous or spatially discrete.
Applications span a vast range of interdisciplinary fields and the systems considered can be as different as human or animal groups migrating under external influences, population ecology and evolution, complex chemical reactions, or networks of biological cells. Several chapters treat these applications in detail.