The story leading to the development and the first test of the atomic bomb is a complicated study in human endeavor under strict security and secrecy. During the later months of World War II in Europe, there was a growing concern that many of the scientists in Germany were in the process of developing a similar weapon that the United States was developing and eventually tested and deployed to end the war in the Pacific arena. Many scientists immigrated to other countries including the United States from Germany due to the forced Third Reich emigration policy. One German physicist in particular was helping to develop the weapon for the Third Reich. His name was Dr. Werner Heisenberg. There was speculation after the war had ended, and Dr. Heisenberg had died, that he had intentionally slowed the progress of the bombs development for Germany for fear that Hitler would attempt to dominate the rest of the world with its use. Information of the development on both sides of the war was apparently available even with the strict secrecy concerning the weapon through the use of spies. Many spies and informants were found on both sides of the conflict to include Russia. It was rumored that both Russia and Germany had informants working alongside the American scientists in Los Alamos and were responsible in helping Germany and Russia develop a weapon. Eventually, the German weapon was not completed as the Third Reich was more intent on developing rockets, jet engines, and was defeated in early May of 1945. Russia was second to develop a weapon and test-fired it in 1949. That was the beginning of the nuclear arms race. This book is written with the intent to show the humanistic side of the race to develop the first atomic bomb and, as accurately as possible, describe the local and regional implications of the bomb. Most characters are fictitious, and some of interviews are invented, but most of the details are summaries of many articles and books written about the bomb; and without their help, this book would not have been written. There may not have been a conspiracy to slow the progress in developing the American bomb, but most of the facts lead the writer to believe there was at least one. The brilliance of the leading military general in directing the Manhattan Project cannot be denied and was proven many times. Without his direct and indirect intervention in the project, it is conceivable that the world may now be speaking German. The conspiracy featured in this book could very well have been General Grove’s most effective ruse in the race. Jumbo was created as a simple cover for the test bomb, but many of the spies and saboteurs were led to believe that Jumbo was the test bomb and effectively directed attention away from the real bomb at Trinity Site.
The German submarine U-234 left Norway on April 14, 1945, on its last mission to Japan with a cargo of uranium and other strategic military supplies. The cargo included a complete jet aircraft and several tons of documents and plans to build jet aircraft and other German aircraft in a plant to be built in Japan. Japan and Germany had cooperated in their efforts to build the first atomic bomb by sharing precious raw materials and technology. The Allies had effectively blocked thousands of tons of seagoing strategic military supplies, and later in the war, Germany had invaded the previously neutral country of Russia, cutting off the other route for supplies traffic via the Trans-Siberian Railway. At the time, there were no aircraft capable of large shipments of cargo over such distances, and the only option was shipping by the only route left: underwater by submarine. The U-234 was the last resort to ship large quantities of cargo over long distances. Aboard the submarine were forty-five crewmen, a German general, three German officers, and two high-ranking Japanese naval officers. On 8 May, 1945, the submarine was ordered to surrender to the Allies as it plied the cold waters of the North Atlantic. The war had ended in Germany, and the submarine surrendered to the USS Sutton. The surrender of the submarine and its cargo was accomplished with the aid of the Alsos Missions as part of the Manhattan Project. The Alsos Missions continued work in the Pacific to assist the Allies develop and eventually deploy the first atomic bomb.
The Second World War was reaching a deciding point in late 1944 when the United States formed teams of scientists and specialized military units in the hope of stopping Germany from developing a “super weapon.” These teams were responsible for capturing supplies of uranium and thorium raw materials and laboratory equipment used to produce the “super bomb.” Many of the assets that the Germans possessed were vital to help the United States and the Manhattan Project build the first atomic bomb. The teams of scientists and specialized military personnel were called into service as the “Alsos missions” sent to find and confine many of the prominent physicists and their research work. It was believed that the Germans were close to developing the bomb and would ensure Nazi world dominance. Several of the captured physicists were to become part of the Manhattan Project while others were returned to Germany after the war to rebuild the sciences.
Guinea Pigs is the follow-up to James Howell's infamous Disturbed Girl trilogy. This dark collection of short stories examines three seemingly unconnected people as they slide along separate paths towards chaos and tragedy. Will any of them find salvation, or will they all be destroyed by the terrible deception that unites them? Guinea Pig 1 - The Man Who Couldn't Laugh Colin Jones is a neurotic suburban nobody who has a serious problem with his new neighbours. Spurred on by what he reads in the tabloid press, how far will he go to get them evicted? Guinea Pig 2 - A Wild Life A damaged woman travels to Africa to escape from her life of sex and violence. As she touches down in the Gambia, she has no idea that her nightmare is just beginning. Guinea Pig 3 - Red Demon Detective Josh Brody works in the bleak underbelly of south London trying to protect victims of hate crime. It is a grim world, and he might be closer to the misery than he realises.