Anyone alive in the eighteenth century would have known that "the longitude problem" was the thorniest scientific dilemma of the day-and had been for centuries. Lacking the ability to measure their longitude, sailors throughout the great ages of exploration had been literally lost at sea as soon as they lost sight of land. Thousands of lives and the increasing fortunes of nations hung on a resolution. One man, John Harrison, in complete opposition to the scientific community, dared to imagine a mechanical solution-a clock that would keep precise time at sea, something no clock had ever been able to do on land.
Longitude is the dramatic human story of an epic scientific quest and of Harrison's forty-year obsession with building his perfect timekeeper, known today as the chronometer. Full of heroism and chicanery, it is also a fascinating brief history of astronomy, navigation, and clockmaking, and opens a new window on our world.
The subject requires some comfort with the basic concepts of navigation, but the prospective navigator only needs to know how to add and subtract either times or angles. Lucid and well-paced, Celestial Navigation starts with fundamentals and definitions which ensure that a motivated student need not bring anything more to the table than his or her willingness to master to subject. Richly illustrated, it includes a chapter over forty pages of review exercises covering all topics.
The cleverness of many of the concepts, explained here, will bring about great intellectual joy and satisfaction. Whether you are a recreational sailor or an individual pursuing professional certification as a navigator, Celestial Navigation will teach you what you need to know.
As New York City’s transportation commissioner, Janette Sadik-Khan managed the seemingly impossible and transformed the streets of one of the world’s greatest, toughest cities into dynamic spaces safe for pedestrians and bikers. Her approach was dramatic and effective: Simply painting a part of the street to make it into a plaza or bus lane not only made the street safer, but it also lessened congestion and increased foot traffic, which improved the bottom line of businesses. Real-life experience confirmed that if you know how to read the street, you can make it function better by not totally reconstructing it but by reallocating the space that’s already there.
Breaking the street into its component parts, Streetfight demonstrates, with step-by-step visuals, how to rewrite the underlying “source code” of a street, with pointers on how to add protected bike paths, improve crosswalk space, and provide visual cues to reduce speeding. Achieving such a radical overhaul wasn’t easy, and Streetfight pulls back the curtain on the battles Sadik-Khan won to make her approach work. She includes examples of how this new way to read the streets has already made its way around the world, from pocket parks in Mexico City and Los Angeles to more pedestrian-friendly streets in Auckland and Buenos Aires, and innovative bike-lane designs and plazas in Austin, Indianapolis, and San Francisco. Many are inspired by the changes taking place in New York City and are based on the same techniques. Streetfight deconstructs, reassembles, and reinvents the street, inviting readers to see it in ways they never imagined.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
On ship-tracking websites, the waters are black with dots. Each dot is a ship; each ship is laden with boxes; each box is laden with goods. In postindustrial economies, we no longer produce but buy. We buy, so we must ship. Without shipping there would be no clothes, food, paper, or fuel. Without all those dots, the world would not work.
Freight shipping has been no less revolutionary than the printing press or the Internet, yet it is all but invisible. Away from public scrutiny, shipping revels in suspect practices, dubious operators, and a shady system of "flags of convenience." Infesting our waters, poisoning our air, and a prime culprit of acoustic pollution, shipping is environmentally indefensible. And then there are the pirates.
Rose George, acclaimed chronicler of what we would rather ignore, sails from Rotterdam to Suez to Singapore on ships the length of football fields and the height of Niagara Falls; she patrols the Indian Ocean with an anti-piracy task force; she joins seafaring chaplains, and investigates the harm that ships inflict on endangered whales.
Sharply informative and entertaining, Ninety Percent of Everything reveals the workings and perils of an unseen world that holds the key to our economy, our environment, and our very civilization.
But the container didn't just happen. Its adoption required huge sums of money, both from private investors and from ports that aspired to be on the leading edge of a new technology. It required years of high-stakes bargaining with two of the titans of organized labor, Harry Bridges and Teddy Gleason, as well as delicate negotiations on standards that made it possible for almost any container to travel on any truck or train or ship. Ultimately, it took McLean's success in supplying U.S. forces in Vietnam to persuade the world of the container's potential.
Drawing on previously neglected sources, economist Marc Levinson shows how the container transformed economic geography, devastating traditional ports such as New York and London and fueling the growth of previously obscure ones, such as Oakland. By making shipping so cheap that industry could locate factories far from its customers, the container paved the way for Asia to become the world's workshop and brought consumers a previously unimaginable variety of low-cost products from around the globe.
Published in hardcover on the fiftieth anniversary of the first container voyage, this is the first comprehensive history of the shipping container. Now with a new chapter, The Box tells the dramatic story of how the drive and imagination of an iconoclastic entrepreneur turned containerization from an impractical idea into a phenomenon that transformed economic geography, slashed transportation costs, and made the boom in global trade possible.
Since its invention in 1759, a mariner's most prized possession has been the sextant. A navigation tool that measures the angle between a celestial object and the horizon, the sextant allowed sailors to pinpoint their exact location at sea.
David Barrie chronicles the sextant's development and shows how it not only saved the lives of navigators in wild and dangerous seas, but played a pivotal role in their ability to map the globe. He synthesizes centuries of seafaring history and the daring sailors who have become legend, including James Cook, Matthew Flinders, Robert Fitz-Roy, Frank Worsley of the Endurance, and Joshua Slocum, the redoubtable old "lunarian" and first single-handed-round-the-world yachtsman. He also recounts his own maiden voyage, and insights gleaned from his experiences as a practiced seaman and navigator.
Full of heroism, danger, and excitement, told with an infectious sense of wonder, Sextant offers a new look at a masterful achievement that changed the course of history.
As a journalist and associate editor of Fortune magazine who covered the demise of Penn Central and the creation of Conrail, Rush Loving often had a front row seat to the foibles and follies of this group of men. He uncovers intrigue, greed, lust for power, boardroom battles, and takeover wars and turns them into a page-turning story for readers.
Included is the story of how the chairman of CSX Corporation, who later became George W. Bush’s Treasury secretary, was inept as a manager but managed to make millions for himself while his company drifted in chaos. Men such as he were shy of scruples, yet there were also those who loved trains and railroading, and who played key roles in reshaping transportation in the northeastern United States. This book will delight not only the rail fan, but anyone interested in American business and history.
As six advertising agencies scrambled for the account and the winner tried to churn out the Big Idea that would install Subaru in the collective national unconscious, Randall Rothenberg was there, observing every nuance of the chaos, comedy, creativity, and egotism that made up an ad campaign.
One can read Rothenberg's book as the behind-the-scenes chronicle of the brief and very troubled marriage between a beleaguered automobile company and Wieden & Kennedy, an aggressively hip ad agency whose creative director despised cars. One can read it as a history of advertising's journey from the conventionally upbeat slogan "Helps Build Strong Bodies 12 Ways" to the supercool nineties minimalism of "Bo Knows." Either way, Where the Suckers Moon is a face-paced, insightful, and occasionally appalling look at an industry whose obsession with image has affected our entireculture.
Now, in one comprehensive volume you can get both step-by-step instruction in basic piloting skills, and FARs that every pilot must be able to reference and understand. Piloting Basics by Lewis Bjork truly packs all the detailed, profusely illustrated how-to information you need. From total preflight preparations to takeoffs and landings, it’s all here: basic instrument flying...transitioning to multiengine airplanes...navigating...reading standard and supplemental visual charts...flying in special-use airspace...working with transponders...operating in class B, class C, and TRSA airport environments...what to do in an emergency – and much, much more. You learn vital facts about terminal radar approach and departure control facilities, air route traffic control centers, and Unicorn and Multicom airport radio communications. What’s more, this pilot’s information powerhouse puts at your fingertips the expertise of six bestselling references: Love’s Flight Maneuvers and Light Airplane Navigation Essentials -- plus must-have aviation classics including Illman’s Pilot's Radio Communications Handbook, 5th Edition; Lankford’s Understanding Aeronautical Charts, 2nd Edition and Frazier’s ABCs of Safe Flying, 4th Edition.
For millions of people, travel by air is a confounding, uncomfortable, and even fearful experience. Patrick Smith, airline pilot and author of the web's popular Ask the Pilot feature, separates the fact from fallacy and tells you everything you need to know...
•How planes fly, and a revealing look at the men and women who fly them
•Straight talk on turbulence, pilot training, and safety
•The real story on congestion, delays, and the dysfunction of the modern airport
•The myths and misconceptions of cabin air and cockpit automation
•Terrorism in perspective, and a provocative look at security
•Airfares, seating woes, and the pitfalls of airline customer service
•The colors and cultures of the airlines we love to hate
Cockpit Confidential covers not only the nuts and bolts of flying, but also the grand theater of air travel, from airport architecture to inflight service to the excitement of travel abroad. It's a thoughtful, funny, at times deeply personal look into the strange and misunderstood world of commercial flying.
It's the ideal book for frequent flyers, nervous passengers, and global travelers.
Refreshed and vastly expanded from the original Ask the Pilot, with approximately 75 percent new material.
In the 1980s, it was unimaginable that the home computer would become as common and easy to use as a toaster. Today, plug-in charging stations and smart grids seem like something still far off in the future. But by 2020, the auto industry will look very different from today's field of troubled auto giants. The combination of technological breakthroughs and charging networks driven by global warming and peak oil makes it clear that revolutionary change in the auto industry is happening right now.
In High Voltage, Jim Motavalli captures this period of unprecedented change, documenting the evolution from internal combustion engines to electric power. Driven by the auto world's ambitious and sometimes outlandish personalities, the book chronicles the race to dominate the market, focusing on big players like Tesla and Fisker, as well as a tiny start-up and a battery supplier. Flashing forward to the changes we'll see in the coming years, High Voltage shows a not-so-distant future where we will live on a smart grid, our cars "fueling," that is, charging, while we shop or sleep. The ramifications of these changes will be on a grander scale than most of us ever imagined—altering foreign policy, reducing trade deficits, and perhaps even ending global warming.
The 6th edition has been expanded with helpful new material on boat handling, tides, ropework and general seamanship.
'A terrific little volume' Motorboat & Yachting
'A brilliant guide for beginners and an excellent refresher for more advanced skippers... a top rate book' Waterstones
'Everything you would need to know when going to sea in a yacht or small boat...a humdinger of a little book' Nautical Magazine
Reeds Skipper's Handbook is a must for anyone going to sea in any size of boat - be they novice or old hand. Many thousands of skippers and crew have found it invaluable as a memory jogger and fresher whether at sea or on land.
yachts over 24m and under 3,000 tons. It is the only book written specifically for these modules and will be required reading for all those undertaking a deck career in the superyacht industry or in similar sized commercial craft.
This book is intended for the next level of navigators after Yachtmaster and is an extension of the current series of very successful and highly regarded course instruction books available from Adlard Coles Nautical.
'At long last someone has written an in-depth reference manual on radar operation for the masters of large yachts. Every superyacht should have a copy on the bridge!' John Wyborn, Director, The Crew Training Centre, Antibes
High Performance Sailing is
now regarded as the bible of racing sailors and carries a string of
endorsements from high achievers. Since its publication in 1984, racing
yachts and dinghies have developed out of all recognition - a new
high-tech breed of 'apparent wind' fast racers has claimed the water
and so far no-one has applied themselves seriously to analysing what
makes these boats sail fast (and what will make them faster). This is Frank Bethwaite's ground-breaking achievement in Higher Performance Sailing.
By means of extensive research, and working with sailors of different
racing calibre, Bethwaite analyses how to harness the apparent wind
for increased speed and better position on your rivals. Higher Performance Sailing will
provide the key to racing sailors' dreams.
Praise for Bethwaite's High Performance Sailing:
'It represents a breakthrough...It is a book that my Olympic squad will benefit from.'
Rod Carr, former British Olympic Sailing Team Manager
'Allowed only one "if only" in yacht racing, it would have been to have read Higher Performance Sailing years ago.'
Bob Fisher, journalist, broadcaster and international championship winner
success of Mary Blewitt's concise and clear style in explaining a
particularly difficult skill, and it has been the bible for many
generations of ocean navigators.
Since this book was first published, the huge advances in electronic
navigation have transported most offshore navigators to a world of
press-button convenience. However, there is still a vital need for
traditional skills when things go wrong: batteries can fail, aerials go
overboard, and electronics have been known to get wet.
A bestseller for over 50 years, Celestial Navigation for Yachtsmen is
a model of simplicity and clarity. The worked examples require only
straightforward addition and subtraction, which explains why this book
has truly earned its reputation for admirable conciseness and for
making a tricky subject easy to understand.
'The "bible" of navigation for generations of yachtsmen... worth its weight in gold' Sailing
Buckle up with the Stobart drivers, and join them on a week in the life of a massive delivery, from paperwork to pallet. Learn what it's like to be sat in the driver seat of a Stobart truck - the noises, visibility, clutch control, gears, steering - and discover the sheer size and power of these machines.
Illustrated throughout with amazing photographs, and featuring first-hand stories of incredible journeys from the intrepid truckers, as well as astonishing facts and stats and the history of the fleet, this is truly an irresistible book for Stobart fans of all ages.
fast and efficient way of calling for assistance at sea, whatever the
size of craft or geographical position. Now updated for the fourth
edition, this book explains the operation of the system as a whole and
the procedures involved, as well as covering the syllabi of the General
Operator's Certificate (GOC), the Long Range Certificate (LRC), and the
Restricted Operator's Certificate (ROC).
GMDSS: A User's Handbook has proved an invaluable reference for both exam candidates and equipment users alike.
'The ideal publication' Cruising
'Concise and lucid practical guidance' The Nautical Magazine
'A useful guide for those taking examinations... or those who need to brush up on procedures' Lloyds List
Modern Astrodynamics is designed as a stepping stone for the exposition of modern astrodynamics to students, researchers, engineers and scientists. This volume will present the main constituents of the astrodynamical science in an elaborate, comprehensive and rigorous manner. Although the volume will contain a few distinct chapters, it will render a coherent portrayal of astrodynamics.Encompasses the main constituents of the astrodynamical sciences in an elaborate, comprehensive and rigorous manner Presents recent astrodynamical advances and describes the challenges aheadThe first volume of a series designed to give scientists and engineers worldwide an opportunity to publish their works in this multi-disciplinary field
The text places emphasis on making informed choices from an array of competing options, and developing the confidence to do so.Shows the use of standard, empirical, and classical methods in support of the design process Explains the preparation of a professional quality design reportProvides a sample outline of a design report Can be used in conjunction with Sforza, Commercial Aircraft Design Principles to form a complete course in Aircraft/Spacecraft Design
Coverage of elasticity, energy methods, and virtual work sets the stage for discussions of airworthiness/airframe loads and stress analysis of aircraft components. Numerous worked examples, illustrations, and sample problems show how to apply the concepts to realistic situations.
This text is designed for undergraduate and postgraduate students of aerospace and aeronautical engineering as well as for professional development and training courses.Based on the author's best-selling text Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, this introduction covers core concepts in about 200 fewer pages than the original by removing some optional topics like structural vibrations and aeroelasticity Systematic step-by-step procedures in the worked examplesSelf-contained, with complete derivations for key equations
The author has revised and updated the text throughout and added new examples and exercises using Matlab. Additional worked examples make the text even more accessible by showing the application of concepts to airframe structures.
The text is designed for undergraduate and postgraduate students of aerospace and aeronautical engineering. It is also suitable for professional development and training courses.New worked examples throughout the text aid understanding and relate concepts to real world applicationsMatlab examples and exercises added throughout to support use of computational tools in analysis and designAn extensive aircraft design project case study shows the application of the major techniques in the book
Fully compliant with the IMO (International Maritime Organisation) resolutions and MCA (Maritime Coastguard Agency) regulations it embodies Sea Safety checks issued by the MCA and RNLI and is completely international in its appeal.
Includes chapters on safety and survival equipment, Global Maritime Distress and Safety Systems (GMDSS), liferafts, grab bags, medical equipment and advice, first aid and emergency treatment, abandoning ship, survival in a liferaft and rescues at sea.
This is the first modern book to tackle the subject from the small craft point of view.
Hamilton challenges the popular notion of "red state" conservatism as a devil's bargain between culturally conservative rural workers and economically conservative demagogues in the Republican Party. The roots of rural conservatism, Hamilton demonstrates, took hold long before the culture wars and free-market fanaticism of the 1990s. As Hamilton shows, truckers helped build an economic order that brought low-priced consumer goods to a greater number of Americans. They piloted the big rigs that linked America's factory farms and agribusiness food processors to suburban supermarkets across the country.
Trucking Country is the gripping account of truckers whose support of post-New Deal free enterprise was so virulent that it sparked violent highway blockades in the 1970s. It's the story of "bandit" drivers who inspired country songwriters and Hollywood filmmakers to celebrate the "last American cowboy," and of ordinary blue-collar workers who helped make possible the deregulatory policies of Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan and set the stage for Wal-Mart to become America's most powerful corporation in today's low-price, low-wage economy.
Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
The committee developed a series of conclusions and recommendations in five areas--the value of the NNR-NE, the state of science and technology supporting naval engineering, the wholeness of the NNR-NE research portfolio, opportunities for enhancement of research and education, and the effectiveness of the NNR-NE initiative.
The report's recommendations are addressed to the administrators of the NNR-NE initiative and of ONR.
That this edition of Celestial Navigation for Yachtsmen should appear 44 years after the first British edition and 27 years after its first publication in the U.S. is eloquent testimony to the author's clear, concise explanation of a difficult skill. Through those years, Celestial Navigation for Yachtsmen has been the best-known, best-loved primer on the subject throughout the English-speaking world. It successfully teaches sailors who have been demoralized by bigger books. It remains "the famous little book" on celestial navigation.
Among other changes, this edition substitutes the Nautical Almanac for the Air Almanac, discusses the "short" tables based on H.O. 211, expands the discussion in a few areas, fine-tunes it in others, and shows how to advance a line of position for a running fix from sun sights. The only mathematics involved are straightforward addition and subtraction.
Celestial Navigation for Yachtsmen has spawned many imitators over the years, but it's still the best--with this new edition more than ever.
now in its 5th edition, has been a bestseller since first publication.
A handy pocket size, it is an aide-memoire of everything a boater would
need to know at sea. Packed with a wide range of information in a
concise form it is frequently recommended by Yachtmaster™ Instructors
as a quick reference guide and as a revision aid for anyone taking
their Day Skipper and Yachtmaster™ certificates.
The 5th edition
has been updated and reorganised to make it even easier for the reader
to navigate right to the information they want. There is an expanded
section on navigating with electronics and new sections on electronic
chart plotters, radar and AIS, and an expanded secion on boathandling
Reeds Skipper's Handbook is a must for anyone going to sea in any size of boat - be they novice or old hand.
'A terrific little volume' Motorboat & Yachting
'A brilliant guide for beginners and an excellent refresher for more advanced skippers... a top rate book' Waterstones
'Everything you would need to know when going to sea in a yacht or small boat...a humdinger of a little book' Nautical Magazine
book on simple racing principles. Considered unequalled by its many
fans, it is the only book that sets out the techniques of sailing in
such a clear, understandable and straightforward manner.
By the same author as The Rules Book, Start to Win
will be welcomed back by its many followers, and read for the first
time by many more. With an updated section on the Racing Rules, this
classic is set to help sailors achieve their racing best for many years
'An extraordinarily valuable book...Twiname manages to remove the mystique from the art of winning' Yachting World
'One of the best books on tactics' Yachting & Boating
'A first class book for the racing dinghy helmsman' Yachts and Yachting
Addressing this subject area, the domain of Instrumentation Engineers/Technicians as well as Control Engineers, and covering established processes and protocols and extensive developing technology, this textbook is written with the marine engineer in mind, particularly those studying Engineering Knowledge. The content ranges from simple measurement devices, through signal conditioning and digitisation to highly sophisticated automated control and instrumentation systems.
It also includes a brand new section on electrical equipment in hazardous areas detailing hazards, gas groups, temperature classifications and types of protection including increased and intrinsic safety and encapsulation, and up-to-date material on the new generation of Liquified Natural Gas carriers, SMART sensors and protocols, as well as computer based systems.
With the expansion of the Champions League came the opportunity for the grafters to move from ticket touting and producing 'unofficial' replica kits into the independent travel business. International Travel is the company for those who, through choice or because of their police records prohibit them, do not travel with the official clubs. Their customers include many 'straight' supporters of Leeds United, arch-rivals of Man U, but Tommy's core clients are the 'Lads' - die-hard 30-something football hooligans.
Scum Airways follows the exploits and adventures of Big Tommy and his team of grafters as they continue to build their empire. John Sugden went along for the ride and provides startling insights into professional football's burgeoning black economy. From Munich to Madrid, Amsterdam to Bangkok, through to the streets and bars of Toyko and Sapporo during the 2002 World Cup, and beyond, Scum Airways reveals the dark side of the football business.
Not so long ago, airports were built near cities, and roads connected the one to the other. This pattern—the city in the center, the airport on the periphery— shaped life in the twentieth century, from the central city to exurban sprawl. Today, the ubiquity of jet travel, round-the-clock workdays, overnight shipping, and global business networks has turned the pattern inside out. Soon the airport will be at the center and the city will be built around it, the better to keep workers, suppliers, executives, and goods in touch with the global market.
This is the aerotropolis: a combination of giant airport, planned city, shipping facility, and business hub. The aerotropolis approach to urban living is now reshaping life in Seoul and Amsterdam, in China and India, in Dallas and Washington, D.C. The aerotropolis is the frontier of the next phase of globalization, whether we like it or not.
John D. Kasarda defined the term "aerotropolis," and he is now sought after worldwide as an adviser. Working with Kasarda's ideas and research, the gifted journalist Greg Lindsay gives us a vivid, at times disquieting look at these instant cities in the making, the challenges they present to our environment and our usual ways of life, and the opportunities they offer to those who can exploit them creatively. Aerotropolis is news from the near future—news we urgently need if we are to understand the changing world and our place in it.
Applying methods used by primitive peoples and early explorers, the author shows how to determine location, study wind directions and reflections in the sky, even how to use the senses of smell and hearing to find your way in the wilderness, in a desert, in snow-covered areas, and on the ocean. By observing birds and other animals, weather patterns, vegetation, shifting sands, patterns of snow fields, and the positions of the sun, moon, and stars, would-be explorers can learn to estimate distances and find their way without having to rely on a map or a compass.
The wealth of valuable data and advice in this volume — much of it unavailable elsewhere — makes it indispensable for hikers, bikers, scouts, sailors, and outdoorsmen — all those who might find themselves stranded or lost in an unfamiliar area. Through careful study of this book and its lessons, pathfinders can learn to interpret signs in the natural world to find their way in almost any kind of terrain.
Ideal for the beginner, Competent Crew also includes a comprehensive glossary, clear explanatory diagrams and photos in full colour, the syllabus of the RYA Competent Crew course and self-testing questions and answers. It will prove invaluable for novice sailors and those embarking on this first level RYA course.
This new edition benefits from a lively new design and revised text. Fresh diagrams and photographs have updated the look, and the text has been completely revised, in line with RYA course guidelines.
'This is just what the crew member needs to digest before he sets foot on board' Yachting Monthly
'Very definitely an invaluable textbook for anyone starting off' Sailing
It includes the main principles underlying marine insurance the 1983, 1995 and 2003 hull clauses fully explained together with war risks insurance a complete outline of the cover given by P and I clubs, set out in an easy to read format an in-depth look at cargo insurance and the standard clauses the principles of General Average includes legal precedents.
The history of exploration and establishment of new lands, science and technologies has always entailed risk to the health and lives of the explorers. Yet, when it comes to exploring and developing the high frontier of space, the harshest frontier ever, the highest value is apparently not the accomplishment of those goals, but of minimizing, if not eliminating, the possibility of injury or death of the humans carrying them out.
For decades since the end of Apollo, human spaceflight has been very expensive and relatively rare (about 500 people total, with a death rate of about 4%), largely because of this risk aversion on the part of the federal government and culture. From the Space Shuttle, to the International Space Station, the new commercial crew program to deliver astronauts to it, and the regulatory approach for commercial spaceflight providers, our attitude toward safety has been fundamentally irrational, expensive and even dangerous, while generating minimal accomplishment for maximal cost.
This book entertainingly explains why this means that we must regulate passenger safety in the new commercial spaceflight industry with a lighter hand than many might instinctively prefer, that NASA must more carefully evaluate rewards from a planned mission to rationally determine how much should be spent to avoid the loss of participants, and that Congress must stop insisting that safety is the highest priority, for such insistence is an eloquent testament to how unimportant they and the nation consider the opening of this new frontier.