This book provides up–to-date results and information about compostable polymer materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner. It covers the entire spectrum of preparation, properties, degradation, and environmental issues. The emphasis is on recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxicological assessment of polymer materials-–important issues from the ecological point of view. Moreover, the thermal behavior of compostable polymers is described. Their price evolution over the past decade, an estimation of the market and future perspectives are presented.Focus on the composting process, compostability standards, compost quality and composting studiesCoherent and uniformly presented information about methods of preparation; properties, processing and applicationsUp-to-date information on ecotoxicity testing and studies of polymersOverview of thermal stability and thermal degradation process of compostable polymer materialsPresents future perspectives of compostable polymers, including evolution of price during last decadeInformation about waste management evolution in Europe, USA and Asia (China) with emphasis on composting during the last decade
The book is an essential handbook for scientists and engineers working in PTFE processing industries, and for manufacturers working with fluoropolymers. It is also of use to purchasing managers and academics.Presents every aspect of the manufacturing technologies and properties of ePFTEProvides detailed coverage of ePTFE applications in apparel, medical, and surgical devices, filtration, vents, and industrial usesFollows ePFTE from its original discovery to the latest developments
This book is the first and only handbook that describes polyvinyl fluoride preparation, technology, processing, fabrication and applications – making it essential reading for engineers and scientists working in industry sectors where PVF is utilized.Complete guide to the applications of polyvinyl fluoride in photovoltaics, aerospace, signage, etc.Technology guide for processing and fabrication of PVF filmsReference for properties and characteristics of PVF filmsThe only book available that focuses on PVF – properties, processing and applications
Detailed descriptions and analysis of the key properties of packaging films are provided from both an engineering and scientific perspective. End-use effects are also covered in detail, providing key insights into the way the products being packaged influence film properties and design.
The book bridges the gap between key scientific literature and the practical challenges faced by the flexible packaging industry, providing essential scientific insights, best practice techniques, environmental sustainability information, and key principles of structure design to enable engineers and scientists to deliver superior products with reduced development time and cost.Provides essential information on all aspects of multilayer films in flexible packagingAids in material selection and processing, shortening development times and delivering stronger productsBridges the gap between scientific principles and key challenges in the packaging industry, with practical explanations to assist practitioners in overcoming those challenges
Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics.
This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more.
A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume.
Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references.
In-depth coverage includesPolymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations
Modern Biopolymer Science matches science to application by first acknowledging the differing viewpoints between those working with low-solids and those working with high-solids, and then sharing the expertise of those two camps under a unified framework of materials science.
* Real-world utilisation of fundamental science to achieve breakthroughs in product development
* Includes a wide range of related aspects of low and high-solids systems for foods and pharmaceuticals
* Covers more than bio-olymer science in foods by including biopolymer interactions with bioactive compounds, issues of importance in drug delivery and medicinal chemistry
Odor can play a significant role in the success of a product; it can decide whether a customer purchases the product in the first place, or can be the cause of complaints or returns. Similarly, in scented products, the retention of volatile components is a particular challenge and opportunity. There are several factors which have an impact on the formation of odors in plastic materials, including the properties of the polymer, use of additives in processing, exposure to radiation and oxygen, storage, and recycling.
Thirty-seven polymers and forty-one critical product groups are analyzed based on the latest research publications and patents. The book also discusses regulations related to odor in products, effects of odor on health and safety, and the effect of odors from plastic materials on indoor air quality.Analyzes the reasons behind odor formationProvides the best methods to prevent odors in various materialsContains information on testing odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicityIncludes a comprehensive list of methods for removal of unwanted odors from plastic materials
This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies.
By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging.
The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging.Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recyclingIncludes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspectsCoverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions
It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers.
* Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook
* Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics
* Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.
Speaking to the needs of today's engineering and science students and practicing professionals, this book provides an in-depth treatment of homofluoropolymer polymerization and part fabrication technology. A comprehensive range of issues surrounding the manufacturing of the monomer; polymer, fabrication, end-use, safety, and disposal are covered. The book has been arranged to allow self-managed reading and learning. It is both a source of data and a reference.
Early chapters describe the history and nature of plastics and explain the relationship of chemical structure and properties. Preparation, structure, properties processing and applications of each class of plastics materials are then considered separately. New chapters have been added on materials selection and special polymers, including biodegradable and electroconductive polymers and thermoplastic elastomers. In addition many new plastics materials have been added throughout the text and more information has been included on testing methods and data. The sections on production/consumption statistics has also been completely updated.
Reviews of previous editions:
It's a genuine milestone in reference works...and the book is a 'must' for anyone concerned with the selection, preparation, compounding or processing of these materials' - British Plastic and Rubber
'This latest edition maintains the high standard set previously... The book s a 'must' for both student and practising technologists' - Plastics Materials
'The fourth edition of John Brydson's book carries on the splendid traditions of the previous three. As a reference book for a laboratory, sales office or student's bedroom, it is unrivalled in its comprehensive of the history, chemistry and technology of plastics'. - Reinforced Plastics
'As a reference book on the subject it is unique for its depth in such a compact form, yet allied to that it is so eminently readable. It is a working chemist's book for a working chemist.' - Journal of the Oil and Colour Chemists Association
'This is one of the most comprehensive reference books in its class.' - Polymer News, March 1996
New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work.
With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas.
Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available.
Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field.Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvementsIdeal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technologyUpdated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics
Fluoroplastics, Volume 2: Melt Processible Fluoropolymers - The Definitive User's Guide and Data Bookcompiles the working knowledge of the polymer chemistry and physics of melt processible fluoropolymers with detailed descriptions of commercial processing methods, material properties, fabrication and handling information, technologies, and applications, also including history, market statistics, and safety and recycling aspects.
Both volumes of Fluoroplastics contain a large amount of specific property data useful for users to readily compare different materials and align material structure with end use applications.
Volume Two concentrates on melt-processible fluoropolymers used across a broad range of industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronic, food, beverage, oil/gas, and medical devices.
This new edition is a thoroughly updated and significantly expanded revision covering new technologies and applications, and addressing the changes that have taken place in the fluoropolymer markets.Exceptionally broad and comprehensive coverage of melt processible fluoropolymers processing and applicationsProvides a practical approach, written by long-standing authorities in the fluoropolymers industryThoroughly updated and significantly expanded revision covering new technologies and applications, and addressing the changes that have taken place in the fluoropolymer markets
This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety.A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipmentDesigned to improve production efficiency and product qualityFocuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques
Dr. Ebnesajjad covers the history and applications of a wide variety of materials, including expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, polyvinyl fluoride, vinylidene fluoride polymers and fluoroelastomers, just to name a few. Properties and applications are illustrated by real-world examples as diverse as waterproof clothing, vascular grafts and coatings for aircraft interiors. The different applications of fluoropolymers show the benefits of a group of materials that are highly water-repellant and flame-retardant, with unrivalled lubrication properties and a high level of biocompatibility. Health and safety and environmental aspects are also covered throughout the book.Demystifies fluoropolymers for a broad audience of engineers in areas such as product design and manufacturing, as well as for non-engineers such as technical sales and management professionalsExplains the potential of fluoropolymers for a wide range of applications across sectors such as aerospace, energy and medical devicesIdeal for both recently qualified engineers and engineers with limited experience of fluoropolymers
This book is divided into two parts. The chapters in Part One explore the manufacture, mechanical behavior and structural performance of marine composites, and also look at the testing of these composites and end of life environmental considerations. The chapters in Part Two then investigate the applications of marine composites, specifically for renewable energy devices, offshore oil and gas applications, rigging and sails. Underwater repair of marine composites is also reviewed.Comprehensively examines all aspects of fibre-reinforced marine composites, including the latest advances in design, manufacturing methods and performanceAssesses the environmental impacts of using fibre-reinforced composites in marine environments, including end of life considerationsReviews advanced fibre-reinforced composites for renewable energy devices, rigging, sail textiles, sail shape optimisation and offshore oil and gas applications
The final part of the book consists of a series of appendices which provide in-depth analysis of key topics with detailed technical data and worked examples which is an invaluable reference in itself for anyone concerned with the behaviour, performance and economics of a textile mill.
Handbook of yarn production: technology, science and economics is a standard work for both yarn manufacturers and those researching and studying in this important area of the textile industry.A practical and authoritative new handbook for yarn manufacturingShows how problems can arise and how to deal with themIncludes invaluable technical data, calculations, worked examples and case studies
This book provides extensive data on chemical resistance tests, and material chemical resistance properties for important specialty thermoplastics including polyarylenes, polymimides and fluoropolymers, polymer alloys and specialty polyethylenes.
The chemical resistance data provided enables the reader to make a better material selection decision, avoiding the major economic and business impacts of material failure, and in some cases eliminating the need for screening tests. The data gives detailed information on the parameters of exposure of plastics and their different grades to chemicals and environmental conditions, i.e. chemical compound or solvent, concentration, temperature, the length of time a plastic can withstand such attacks (with, for example, weight change as a key parameter) etc. – answering key questions often arising in the process of product development.
This volume comes in an easy-to-use print format – including a list of exposure media enabling cross-referencing to the main material data tables – as well as an online database with an extended data set, and advanced search and navigation features.
The single most comprehensive data source covering the chemical resistance properties of thermoplasticsA must-have reference for those designing and working in sectors where thermoplastics come into contact with corrosive or reactive substancesThis new edition includes new chapters that provide the underpinning knowledge needed to fully understand and apply the information in the data sectionsIn the print edition of this book, the data covered in the two volumes are also provided on a CD-ROM (compatible with Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7 operating systems) offering extended navigation and search features
- Acrylic Polymers and Copolymers
- Acrylonitrile Polymers
- Cellulosics Polymers
- Olefinic Polymers
- Styrene Copolymers
- Styrene Copolymers
- Vinyl Chloride Polymers
- Vinyl Polymers
The single most comprehensive data source covering the chemical resistance properties of high consumption volume commercial thermoplastics
A rating number is provided for each test, summarizing the effect of the exposure medium on the given thermoplastic
The data covered in the two volumes is also provided as an online publication offering extended navigation and search features
This third edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials including nanocomposites. It also adds more emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials. Each chapter contains new examples drawn from diverse applications and additional problems to reinforce the practical relevance of key concepts.
New in The Third Edition: Contains new sections on material substitution, cost analysis, nano- and natural fibers, fiber architecture, and carbon-carbon composites Provides a new chapter on polymer-based nanocomposites Adds new sections on test methods such as fiber bundle tests and interlaminar fracture measurements Expands sections on manufacturing fundamentals, thermoplastics matrix composites, and resin transfer molding
Maintaining the trademark quality of its well-respected and authoritative predecessors, Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition continues to provide a unique interdisciplinary perspective and a logical approach to understanding the latest developments in the field.
This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be a comprehensive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression. This book is intended to be a handbook for reference of surface treating processes. The more technical chapters can be bypassed to study the applied chapters. The text is accessible to readers with a college-level background in mathematics and chemistry, but an in-depth knowledge of adhesion technology is not required.
This book is particularly designed for scientists and engineers working in various industries, including food, consumer products, pharmaceuticals, medicine, agriculture, nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, cosmetics, flavors, and fragrances. It offers a broad perspective on a variety of applications and processes, providing research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references.
The book also lays the groundwork for further advancements in encapsulation technology and controlled release applications. Catering to professionals, researchers, students, and general readers in academia, industry, and research institutions, the Handbook of Encapsulation and Controlled Release is a much-needed reference on the state of the field and an authoritative resource for continued research and development in encapsulation and controlled release technologies.
• Provides the end user practitioners of adhesion technology with a complete guide to bonding materials successfully
• Covers most substrates, including plastics, metals, elastomers and ceramics, explaining basic principles and describing common materials and application techniques
• Arranges information so that each chapter can be studied selectively or in conjunction with others
Engineers and scientits involved in polymer processing need practical information about these additives, their applications, and proper and safe handling. Until now much of this information has been difficult to obtain because of commercial secrecy.
In recent years, the applications of fluoropolymer additives have expanded significantly, with even the meaning of ‘fluoropolymer additives’ expanding from relatively the narrow definition of PTFE powder fillers to a wide variety of fluoropolymer elastomers, used as a processing aid for plastics processing such as extrusion, injection molding, and film blowing. The benefits of fluoropolymer additives used in plastics are the elimination of sharkskin defects, increases in process speed and output (up to 20%), the reduction of die build up, the reduction of gels and optical defects, etc.
In addition, fluropolymer additives are being increasingly used in inks, lubricants, and coatings. For example, in the coating industry fluoropolymer additives can increase the life cycle of exterior coatings due to their excellent weatherability and subsequently increase the time between recoats.Fluoropolymer additives are becoming more widely used with key applications including use as a polymer processing aid (increasing speed and reducing faults) and as an additive to lubricants, inks and coatings. This book is the only practical guide available to the selection and use of fluoropolymer additives, and will help readers to optimize existing fluoropolymer applications and implement new onesFluoropolymers are known as an area where detailed information is hard to come by. In this book two former DuPont employees provide a wide range of industry sectors with the essential practical information and data they need to realize the full benefits of fluoropolymer additivesWritten for practicing engineers, Ebnesajjad and Morgan take a highly practical approach to the subject, based on real-world experience and case studies
This book is a comprehensive reference source, bringing together a number of key medical polymer topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those currently developing new medical devices or seeking more information about current and future applications. In addition to a broad range of applications, the book also covers clinical outcomes and complications arising from the use of the polymers in the body, giving engineers a vital insight into the real world implications of the devices they’re creating. Regulatory issues are also covered in detail. The book also presents the latest developments on the use of polymers in medicine and development of nano-scale devices.Gathers discussions of a large number of applications of polymers in medicine in one placeProvides an insight into both the legal and clinical implications of device designRelevant to industry, academic and medical professionalsPresents the latest developments in the field, including medical devices on a nano-scale
Castable Polyurethane Elastomers explains the production process of polyurethane components from both the theoretical and practical point of view. It describes the underlying concepts for the raw material supplier recommendations and explains how to achieve application-specific properties in polyurethane. The book explains the production of prepolymers with special focus on health and safety issues. It presents the different types of methods available on both the micro and macro levels and explains the rationale behind choosing the system needed to create a cost-effective, application-specific product.
Offering an inside look at the logic behind the formation of polyurethane components, Castable Polyurethane Elastomers enables materials scientists, engineers, and chemists to understand the total production process and reproduce the procedures to achieve desired results.
Fluoropolymer surfaces preserve purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries. Updated to reflect major changes since 2004, this book contains practical, problem-solving tools for professionals in those industries. Equipment manufacturers, plant operators, and product design and manufacturing engineers all will benefit from the in-depth knowledge provided.
This new edition includes new fluoropolymer grades and new examples of the fluoropolymer role in preventing corrosion. New fabrication techniques have been added, and additional emphasis has been placed on adhesion and welding techniques. New sections have been added on inspection of new linings, and in-service inspection – including inspection frequency, acceptance criteria, fitness for service evaluation, and reparability.Includes extensive guidelines for the selection of fluoropolymers for corrosion controlFeatures a detailed ‘how-to’ on processes that convert fluoropolymers into shapes and partsDiscusses fabrication techniques to finish the fluoropolymer components before exposure to harsh chemical environmentsIncludes laboratory techniques to determine the cause of part failure, and a modeling methodology to predict and analyze failure of fluoropolymer parts
New Edition Offers Improved Framework for Understanding Polymers
Written by well-established professors in the field, Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition provides a well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level. It focuses on fundamental principles based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties.
Consistent with the previous edition, the authors emphasize the logical progression of concepts, rather than presenting just a catalog of facts. The book covers topics that appear prominently in current polymer science journals. It also provides mathematical tools as needed, and fully derived problems for advanced calculations. This new edition integrates new theories and experiments made possible by advances in instrumentation. It adds new chapters on controlled polymerization and chain conformations while expanding and updating material on topics such as catalysis and synthesis, viscoelasticity, rubber elasticity, glass transition, crystallization, solution properties, thermodynamics, and light scattering.
Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advanced courses in chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering.
This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be an exhaustive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression.
The book provides a necessary grounding in the science and practice of adhesion, without which adequate surface preparation is impossible. Surface characterization techniques are included, as is an up-to-date assessment of existing surface treatment technologies such as Atmospheric Plasma, Degreasing, Grit blasting, laser ablation and more. Fundamental material considerations are prioritised over specific applications, making this book relevant to all industries using adhesives, such as medical, automotive, aerospace, packaging and electronics.
This second edition represents a full and detailed update, with all major developments in the field included and three chapters added to cover ceramic surface treatment, plasma treatment of non-metallic materials, and the effect of additives on surface properties of plastics.A vital resource for improving existing surface treatment processes to increase product life by creating stronger, more durable adhesive bonds Relevant across a variety of industries, including medical, automotive and packaging Provides essential grounding in the science of surface adhesion, and details how this links with the practice of surface treatment
The authors present key research outcomes on the design and development of functional apparel designed for high-performance sportswear that explore smart materials, impact-resistant fabrics and pressure sensing. They consider the use of 3-D body scanning and its influence on pattern engineering for apparel product development; highlight the widely used fiber types for sportswear and the importance of fiber blends and their performance, and discuss the relevance of fabric structure and its interaction with the human body. The book also presents research on moisture management and temperature regulation and analyzes the performance and development of smart sportswear intended for monitoring health and performance for a range of end uses.
A definitive guide detailing the future of functional clothing and sportswear, this book:
Describes how to design and develop functional clothing for sportswear Reflects current research outcomes and industry requirements Clarifies with visual illustration, practical examples, and case studies an understanding of techniques and concepts Explores specifics of garment design such as fit, shape, function, fashion and design Focuses on a commitment to designing ethical and sustainable products
The third edition has been updated throughout to include recent developments in the industry, with new sections covering technological advances such as nanotechnology, micro adhesion systems, and the replacement of toxic chromate technology.Provides practitioners of adhesion technology with a complete guide to bonding materials successfullyCovers the whole range of commonly used substrates including plastics, metals, elastomers and ceramics, explaining basic principles and describing common materials and application techniquesIntroduces the range of commercially available adhesives and the selection process alongside the science and technology of adhesion
A Compendium of Chemical, Analytical, and Physical Test Methods
Organized into five chapters, the book first reviews the construction of compounding ingredients and formulations, from elastomers, fillers, and protective agents to vulcanizing chemicals and processing aids. It then discusses chemical and analytical methods, including infrared spectroscopy, thermal analysis, chromatography, and microscopy. It also examines physical test methods for visco-elastic behavior, heat aging, hardness, and other features. A chapter presents important reverse engineering concepts. In addition, the book includes a wide variety of case studies of formula reconstruction, covering large products such as tires and belts as well as smaller products like seals and hoses.
Get Practical Insights on Reverse Engineering from the Book’s Case Studies
Combining scientific principles and practical advice, this book brings together helpful insights on reverse engineering in the rubber industry. It is an invaluable reference for scientists, engineers, and researchers who want to produce comparative benchmark information, discover formulations used throughout the industry, improve product performance, and shorten the product development cycle.
Much of the work featured in this book requires no in-depth specialist skills and highlights taking an experimental approach to using desktop technology, including step-by-step digital imaging techniques, and a demonstration of the use of specialist printing papers and mediums.
Embracing technology in textile practice gives endless possibilities for developing new working methods and adapting traditional techniques. Inkjet Printing on Fabric brings these possibilities within the grasp of those with little or no specialist print studio facilities, and means that techniques that were once the domain of professional artists are now accessible to everyone.
Emphasizes radical initiating systems and mechanisms of action...
Written by renowned researchers in the field, this handbook is primarily concerned with the physical and organic chemistry of radical vinyl polymerization. The authors survey the most recent advances, processing methods, technologies, and applications of free radical vinyl polymerization. The book features thorough coverage of polymer functionalization, photo initiation, block and graft copolymers, and polymer composites.
Analyzes living/controlled radical polymerization, one of the latest developments in the field...
Combining fundamental aspects with the latest advances, processing methods, and applications in free radical vinyl polymerization and polymer technology, this invaluable reference provides a unified, in-depth, and innovative perspective of radical vinyl polymerization.
.Authoritative and rooted in extensive industrial experience, the expert guidance contained in this handbook offers practical understanding to novices, and new insights to readers already skilled in the art of injection molding and mold making.Contains the answers to common problems and detailed advice on how to control mold and post-mold shrinkage and warpage.Case Studies illustrate and enrich the text; Data tables provide the empirical data that is essential for success, but hard to come by.
The book focuses on the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, once the largest textile factory in the world. The shells of its awesome mills still extend for two miles along the Merrimack Rover in Manchester, New Hampshire. Never before have we known so vividly what it was like to live a life in the closed world of a single gigantic industrial entity, from the first moment a child set foot in a mill carrying his father’s or mother’s lunchpail to the moment he retired or was laid off sixty years later.
Amoskeag moves through layer after layer of mill life, from the elegant world of Boston-based executives to the cramped quarters of the families of messenger boys, Boston Brahmins and Scottish weaving girls, French-Canadian dirt farmers and Irish immigrants, bosses and workers, create and unforgettable vision of shared experiences and ethnic rivalries, of company loyalty and butter strikes, of back-breaking work and momentary delights in industrializing America.
Over seventy photographs, ranging from classic shots by Lewis Hine to modern portraits of the interviewees, help reconstruct the reality that was Amoskeag.
Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins. Part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and explores how performance can be managed and tested. Applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industry and sustainable energy production, are discussed in part four.
With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using advanced FRP composites, as well as professionals requiring an understanding of the production and properties of advanced FRP composites, and academics interested in this field.Provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areasIntroduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resinsExplores the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes
The handbook is structured by grouping together plastics of similar polymer types into ten chapters. Each of these chapters is split into two sections: Fatigue Properties and Tribological Properties, and together they provide a compendium of several hundred graphs and charts, supplying the core data needed by engineers and scientists on a day-to-day basis.
The data for this third edition has been updated to cover upwards of five years since the previous edition was published, and also includes an entirely new chapter covering sustainable and biodegradable polymers. The book also includes an extensive introductory section covering fatigue, what it is and how it is measured; the fundamentals of tribology; polymer chemistry and plastics composition. These chapters also provide readers with a full understanding of the data section, and how to put it to use as a hard-working information tool.
–Kenneth S. Schweizer, Morris Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (from the Foreword)
This book provides a timely and comprehensive overview of molecular level insights into polymer glasses in confined geometries and under deformation. Polymer glasses have become ubiquitous to our daily life, from the polycarbonate eyeglass lenses on the end of our nose to large acrylic glass panes holding water in aquarium tanks, with advantages over glass in that they are lightweight and easy to manufacture, while remaining transparent and rigid. The contents include an introduction to the field, as well as state of the art investigations. Chapters delve into studies of commonalities across different types of glass formers (polymers, small molecules, colloids, and granular materials), which have enabled microscopic and molecular level frameworks to be developed. The authors show how glass formers are modeled across different systems, thereby leading to treatments for polymer glasses with first-principle based approaches and molecular level detail. Readers across disciplines will benefit from this topical overview summarizing the key areas of polymer glasses, alongside an introduction to the main principles and approaches.
The coverage of the text includes design of the adhesive joint; surface preparation of bonding materials; selection of a suitable adhesive; and the specification of processing and testing techniques.
The book will be of great use to design engineers and technicians involved in the materials bonding process in their respective works.
As recent developments in feedblocks and materials have opened up a range of new possibilities, this book discusses different feedblocks, and viscosity and material considerations. It is the first comprehensive summary of the latest technology in multilayer film processing and related applications, and is written from a practical perspective, translating research into commercial production and real world products.
The book provides fundamental knowledge on microlayer coextrusion processing technology, how to fabricate such structures, structure and properties of such microlayers, and potential applications, thus helping research scientists and engineers develop products which not only fulfill their primary function, but can also be manufactured reliably, safely, and economically.Provides a fundamental knowledge of microlayer coextrusion processing, including how to fabricate microlayer structures, the properties of microlayers, and potential applications, including optics, polymer film capacitors, and semiconductorsIncludes an in-depth analysis of all technologies used for producing multilayered films and structures by coextrusion processingThoroughly assesses potential future trends in multilayer coextrusion technology, thus enabling engineers and scientists to stay ahead of the curve in this rapidly advancing area
• Describes the emerging phenomena and associated conceptual understanding in the field of nonlinear polymer rheology
• Incorporates details on latest experimental discoveries and provides new methodology for research in polymer rheology
• Integrates latest research results and new characterization techniques like particle tracking velocimetric method
• Focuses on the issues concerning the conceptual and phenomenological foundations for polymer rheology
• Has a companion website for readers to access with videos complementing the content within several chapters