In the mid-1800s, Charles K. Landis, a visionary and entrepreneur, was looking for land that would be more adaptable to fruit than to grain and suitable also for a wide range of industries. In 1861, Landis developed a parcel of land just north of Millville. Landis set aside 1 square mile called the Borough of Vineland exclusively for homes, businesses, and industry. Beyond that 1 square mile, the land was designated for farming and became Landis Township. In 1952, the citizens of the borough and township voted to merge the two into the City of Vineland, which today remains the largest city in area in New Jersey. Known for its cultural and religious diversity, Vinelands success in farming, business, and industry can be traced to its unique blend of early settlers, natives, and immigrants alike.
In 1861, Charles K. Landis carved the village of Vineland from the western edge of the Pine Barrens. The community quickly attracted a diverse population who farmed and manufactured. A network of railroads enabled the town to ship its produce and products to markets along the East Coast. Vineland was recognized as a cultural mecca as well as a center of civil rights and womens suffrage. Physically the largest small town in New Jersey in square miles, Vineland today still attracts newcomers in search of new opportunities, just as Landis hoped for all those years ago.