With The Story of English in 100 Words, David Crystal took us on a tour through the history of our language. Now, with Spell It Out, he takes on the task of answering all the questions about how we spell: "Why is English spelling so difficult?" Or "Why are good spellers so proud of their achievement that when they see a misspelling they condemn the writer as sloppy, lazy, or uneducated?" In thirty-seven short, engaging and informative chapters, Crystal takes readers on a history of English spelling, starting with the Roman missionaries' sixth century introduction of the Roman alphabet and ending with where the language might be going. He looks individually at each letter in the alphabet and its origins. He considers the question of vowels and how people developed a way to tell whether or not it was long or short. He looks at influences from other cultures, and explains how English speakers understood that the "o" in "hopping" was a short vowel, rather than the long vowel of "hoping". If you've ever asked yourself questions like "Why do the words "their", "there" and "they're" sound alike, but mean very different things?" or "How can we tell the difference between "charge" the verb and "charge" the noun?" David Crystal's Spell It Out will spell it all out for you.
He says bath, while she says bahth.
You say potayto. I say potahto
-wait a second, no one says potahto. No one's ever said potahto.
From reconstructing Shakespeare's accent to the rise and fall of Received Pronunciation, actor Ben Crystal and his linguist father David travel the world in search of the stories of spoken English.
Everyone has an accent, though many of us think we don't. We all have our likes and dislikes about the way other people speak, and everyone has something to say about 'correct' pronunciation. But how did all these accents come about, and why do people feel so strongly about them? Are regional accents dying out as English becomes a global language? And most importantly of all: what went wrong in Birmingham?
Witty, authoritative and jam-packed full of fascinating facts, You Say Potato is a celebration of the myriad ways in which the English language is spoken - and how our accents, in so many ways, speak louder than words.
In The Story of English in 100 Words, an entertaining history of the world's most ubiquitous language, David Crystal draws on one hundred words that best illustrate the huge variety of sources, influences and events that have helped to shape our vernacular since the first definitively English word—‘roe'—was written down on the femur of a roe deer in the fifth century. Featuring ancient words (‘loaf'), cutting edge terms that relfect our world (‘twittersphere'), indispensible words that shape our tongue (‘and', ‘what'), fanciful words (‘fopdoodle') and even obscene expressions (the "c word"...), David Crystal takes readers on a tour of the winding byways of our language via the rude, the obscure and the downright surprising.
Proverbs are fascinating in what they tell us about a culture's view of everyday life: whether it be the importance of animals or the significance of the weather, proverbial wisdom is a key factor in understanding different peoples and cultures. Here David Crystal, the world's leading commentator on language, takes us on a global tour of the world's proverbs. Whether you are in Andorra, China or Tierra del Fuego, there is a nugget of local wisdom to inform and entertain.
Some proverbs to entertain:
• When two elephants struggle, it is the grass which suffers. (Zanzibar)
• One must chew according to one's teeth (Norway)
• Admiration is the daughter of ignorance (Spain)
• A blind man needs no looking glass (Scotland)
• Never bolt your door with a boiled carrot (Ireland)
• Don't call the alligator a big-mouth till you have crossed the river (Belize)
• An untouched drum does not speak. (Liberia)
• Do not try to borrow combs from shaven monks. (China)
In The Disappearing Dictionary, linguistics expert Professor David Crystal collects together delightful dialect words that either provide an insight into an older way of life, or simply have an irresistible phonetic appeal. Like a mirror image of The Meaning of Liff that just happens to be true, The Disappearing Dictionary unearths some lovely old gems of the English language, dusts them down and makes them live again for a new generation.
dabberlick [noun, Scotland]
A mildly insulting way of talking about someone who is tall and skinny. 'Where's that dabberlick of a child?'
fubsy [adjective, Lancashire]
Plump, in a nice sort of way.
squinch [noun, Devon]
A narrow crack in a wall or a space between floorboards. 'I lost sixpence through a squinch in the floor'.
In the author's own words, "How Language Works is not about music, cookery, or sex. But it is about how we talk about music, cookery, and sex-or, indeed, anything at all." Language is so fundamental to everyday life that we take it for granted. But as David Crystal makes clear in this work of unprecedented scope, language is an extremely powerful tool that defines the human species.
Crystal offers general readers a personal tour of the intricate workings of language. He moves effortlessly from big subjects like the origins of languages, how children learn to speak, and how conversation works to subtle but revealing points such as how email differs from both speech and writing in important ways, how language reveals a person's social status, and how we decide whether a word is rude or polite.
Broad and deep, but with a light and witty touch, How Language Works is the ultimate layman's guide to how we communicate with one another.
In his engaging trademark style, Crystal addresses the online linguistic issues that affect us on a daily basis, incorporating real-life examples drawn from his own studies and personal involvement with Internet companies. He provides new linguistic analyses of Twitter, Internet security, and online advertising, explores the evolving multilingual character of the Internet, and offers illuminating observations about a wide range of online behaviour, from spam to exclamation marks.
Including many activities and suggestions for further research, this is the essential introduction to a critical new field for students of all levels of English language, linguistics and new media.
In this book, David Crystal, one of the world's authorities on language, brings together for the first time the three major trends which he argues have fundamentally altered the world's linguistic ecology: first, the emergence of English as the world's first truly global language; second, the crisis facing huge numbers of languages which are currently endangered or dying; and, third, the radical effect on language of the arrival of Internet technology.
Examining the interrelationships between these topics, Crystal encounters a vision of a linguistic future which is radically different from what has existed in the past, and which will make us revise many cherished concepts relating to the way we think about and work with languages. Everyone is affected by this linguistic revolution.
The Language Revolution will be essential reading for anyone interested in language and communication in the twenty-first century.
In this charming and informative book, Britain's leading expert on the English language talks you through every stage in your child's language development. Over thirty years after its original publication, this new and updated edition of Listen to your Child shows us that while the world our children are growing up in may have changed, one thing has not: parents still need to listen.
Gathering decades of research from psychologists and linguists, Professor Crystal shows how the more we know about language acquisition - from 'cooking' and 'babbling' to melodic 'scribble talk' and simple words and then to incessant chatter - the more there is to delight in.
From birth to the early school years, Listen to your Child provides a painless introduction to the study of child language acquisition as well as invaluable advice for parents.
Starting in Wales and moving from England to San Francisco by way of, yes, Poland, Crystal encounters numerous linguistic side roads that he cannot resist exploring, from pubs to trains to Tolkien. Walking English captures the seductive, quirky, teasing, tantalizing nature of the language itself—a Bill Bryson-esque exploration of language by our foremost expert on the subject.
David Crystal has been described (by the Times Higher Education Supplement) as a sort of 'latter day Dr Johnson', a populist linguist who has promoted the study of the English language in an academic and broadcasting career that has so far spanned 40 years and nearly 100 books.
Now he has written an engaging travel book of more general appeal. Inspired by W. G. Sebald's ‘The Rings of Saturn’ and by Bill Bryson's books, he has combined personal reflections, historical allusions and traveller observations to create a mesmerising (and entertaining) narrative account of his encounters with the English language and its speakers throughout the world – from Bangor to Bombay and from Stratford to San Francisco.
‘By Hook or by Crook’ is an attempt to capture the exploratory, seductive, teasing, tantalising nature of language study. As such, it will appeal to the ever-growing market who like to be entertained as well as instructed.
But now, reflecting on a long and hugely successful career at the forefront of the field of English Language and Linguistics, David Crystal answers this question and offers us a special look behind the scenes at the adventures, rewards, challenges and pitfalls of his life in language.
Both an autobiography and a highly accessible introduction to the field of linguistics, Just a Phrase I’m Going Through illuminates and entertains us with its many insights into the ever-fascinating subject of language.
David Crystal is synonymous with language, both as a great populariser and linguistic pioneer, and his contribution to the field is unparalleled. This is a book not just for students and teachers but for all lovers of language.
For more about David Crystal at Routledge, visit: www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415485746.
Crystal focuses on the here and now of eloquent speaking—from pitch, pace, and prosody to jokes, appropriateness, and how to wield a microphone. He explains what is going on moment by moment and examines each facet of eloquence. He also investigates topics such as the way current technologies help or hinder our verbal powers, the psychological effects of verbal excellence, and why certain places or peoples are thought to be more eloquent than others. In the core analysis of the book, Crystal offers an extended and close dissection of Barack Obama’s electrifying “Yes we can” speech of 2008, in which the president demonstrated full mastery of virtually every element of eloquence—from the simple use of parallelism and an awareness of what not to say, to his brilliant conclusion constructed around two powerful words: dreams and answers.
Provides the most current overview and authoritative coverage of all topics thanks to contributions from an impressive list of over 300 experts in the field of plastic surgery and multiple related specialties.Introduces the new PLUS format, with an expanded size and layout and full color for easier review, more information, and more visual elements for an overall enhanced experience.
Presents enhanced tables, legends, key terms, and section and chapter titles through the use of an additional color that makes finding information quick and easy.
Contains new full color images and illustrations to provide more detail and offer a clearer picture of what is seen in practice.
More than 340 vibrant full-color illustrations demonstrate the different disease progressions not shown in any other text
Insightful chapters cover recidivism and complications of both the disease and surgery, while O.R. cases illustrate surgical approaches
Otolaryngology-head and neck surgeons, residents and fellows will refer to this concise reference on a daily basis for the most up-to-date information on cholesteatomas and other middle ear lesions.
Focusing on comprehensive, precise and teaching information, this text atlas is highly instructive.
Thoroughly revised and updated, this new edition includes extra chapters on facial pain, head and neck tumours, sleep apnoea and epistaxis, as well as recent advances in ENT evaluation and investigations (especially CT and MRI) and minimally invasive techniques. New material on voice, breathing and swallowing disorders, hearing impairment and cochlear implants has been added, with new pictures, illustrations and algorithms throughout.
The ABC of Ear, Nose and Throat offers an essential introduction to this fundamental speciality for students, whilst providing a practical reference for GPs, GP registrars, junior doctors and nurses.
New methods of non-invasive referencing and the use of virtual models in the field of oral and cranio-maxillofacial surgery are demonstrated. Clinical cases illustrate the practical use of this new technique.
This short and concise, clinically-oriented book is for physicians of different specializations who treat patients with vertigo including neurologists and ENT specialists. Easy-to-use, it has an overview of the most important syndromes of vertigo, each with explanatory clinical descriptions and illustrations.
Target market: Physicians of different specializations who treat patients with vertigo including neurologists, neurootologic specialists, neuroophthalmology, otolaryngology, head and neck surgery, ophthalmology and ENT specialists, and general medicine practitioners.
The first chapter highlights socio-economic burden and the impact of this disease on the health related quality of life. The second chapter describes the underlying mechanisms involved in development of the disease. The third chapter showcases the various diagnostic modalities used to detect the disease, differentiate it from other similar conditions and assess its severity. The fourth chapter gives a very succinent overview of the various management modalities. The fifth chapter encapsulates the medical treatment and the sixth offers a lucid description of the latest surgical techniques for this disease. The seventh chapter deals with the other associated conditions that can confuse, complicate or impact the management of the disease as well as affect its prognosis. The eighth chapter describes fungal rhinosinusitis, which is of special importance because of its high prevalence in India.
This book is especially for MBBS students who have taken medicine as their career and also for students preparing for various entrance tests to postgraduate diploma, MD/MS degree courses or Diplomate National Board or other competitive examinations.
It also serves as a foundation course for postgraduate students who have joined the speciality to pursue MS examination before taking to larger treatises on the subject and a quick revision before exam.
New and Thoroughly Updated Chapters
Thyroid Gland and Its Disorders
Surgery of Thyroid
Anatomy and Physiology of Paranasal Sinuses
Tumours of Nasopharynx
Congenital Lesions of Larynx and Stridor
Foreign Bodies of Air and Food Passages
Laser Surgery, Radiofrequency Surgery and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
HIV Infection/AIDS and ENT Manifestations
Salient FeaturesSimple language, concise but comprehensive coverage of the subject, and clear and straightforward writing style with explanatory diagrams, photographs and flowcharts.
Clinically oriented text and problem solving approach.
Mnemonics to recall and reproduce the subject for exam going students.
Nuggets for rapid review will help to solve many MCQs.
A free companion website which provides more information on the subject in the form of case studies, self-assessment exercises, video clips, images, and latest updates on the subject from time to time.
Key Features:Full color, detailed illustrations describe key anatomical landmarks and identify exact injection locationsOnline access to videos narrated by Dr. Kontis that demonstrate multiple injection techniques A unique rating system for each procedure, enabling injectors to perform techniques appropriate to their skill levelEvery commonly performed cosmetic injection procedure is covered, giving readers a comprehensive guide on how to safely and effectively perform injections
This easy-to-use manual gives facial plastic surgeons, plastic surgeons, dermatologists, oculoplastic surgeons and other medical professionals authoritative, concise information on the anatomy, techniques, precautions, complications, and post-treatment care involved in the administration of injections of cosmetic neurotoxins and fillers.
Dr. Otis Brawley is the chief medical and scientific officer of The American Cancer Society, an oncologist with a dazzling clinical, research, and policy career. How We Do Harm pulls back the curtain on how medicine is really practiced in America. Brawley tells of doctors who select treatment based on payment they will receive, rather than on demonstrated scientific results; hospitals and pharmaceutical companies that seek out patients to treat even if they are not actually ill (but as long as their insurance will pay); a public primed to swallow the latest pill, no matter the cost; and rising healthcare costs for unnecessary—and often unproven—treatments that we all pay for. Brawley calls for rational healthcare, healthcare drawn from results-based, scientifically justifiable treatments, and not just the peddling of hot new drugs.
Brawley's personal history – from a childhood in the gang-ridden streets of black Detroit, to the green hallways of Grady Memorial Hospital, the largest public hospital in the U.S., to the boardrooms of The American Cancer Society—results in a passionate view of medicine and the politics of illness in America - and a deep understanding of healthcare today. How We Do Harm is his well-reasoned manifesto for change.
Includes 6 online-only chapters at no additional cost! Go to: www.AccessMedicine.com/CMDT
The book that puts the latest research where it belongs . . . into your practiceWritten by clinicians renowned in their respective fields, CMDT offers the most current insight into symptoms, signs, epidemiology, and treatment for more than 1,000 diseases and disorders. For each topic, you’ll find concise, evidence-based answers to questions about hospital and ambulatory medicine. This streamlined clinical companion is the fastest and easiest way to keep abreast of the latest medical advances, prevention strategies, and cost-effective treatments.
Features and content critical to clinical practice: Strong emphasis on the practical aspects of clinical diagnosis and patient management in all fields of internal medicine Full review of all internal medicine and primary care topics, including gynecology and obstetrics, dermatology, neurology, ophthalmology, geriatrics, and palliative care The only text with an annual review of advances in HIV treatment Specific disease prevention information Drug treatment tables, with indexed trade names and updated prices – plus helpful diagnostic and treatment algorithms Recent references with PMID numbers Six online-only chapters available at no additional cost Full-color photographs and illustrations
NEW TO THIS EDITION: New chapter on Sports Medicine & Outpatient Orthopedics Extensive revision of medical and surgical conditions of pregnancy Updated coverage of evaluating fertility in women, immunization requirements, and the use and safety of nonsteroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs Extensive revision of Kidney Disease chapter New topics include snoring a selection of common musculoskeletal problems such as subacromial impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tear, anterior cruciate ligament and meniscus injuries, patellofemoral pain syndrome, and inversion and eversion ankle sprains New online-only chapter on Women’s Health Issues S.I. units used throughout
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"...should serve as a standard against which all future atlases will be measured..." -- The New England Journal of Medicine review of an earlier edition
This compact, diagnosis-speeding guide has virtually defined the field of dermatology for thousands of physicians, dermatology residents, and medical students across the globe. Spanning the entire spectrum of skin problems, it combines laser-precise color images of skin lesions with a concise summary outline of dermatologic disorders, along with the cutaneous signs of systemic disease. A color-coded 4-part organization facilitates review at a glance and features helpful icons denoting the incidence and morbidity of disease.
FEATURESMore than 1,000 full-color images--many new to this edition New sections reflect the very latest clinical perspectives on the diagnosis and treatment of all skin disorders shown F ocus on a wide range of skin types highlights skin disease in different ethnic populations Thoroughly updated coverage of etiology, pathogenesis, management, and therapy ICD 9/10 codes included for each disease