The volume is an erudite work on Nobel Laureate Prof. Amartya Sen's perception of Hinduism and the Hindus as evident in his books The Argumentative Indian and Identity and Violence. It examines Sen's stinging views on Hindutva and Hindu culture. The author argues that the works engage in Hindu-baiting and scrutinizes certain discrepancies that have crept in as a result of accepting theories, such as Sri Rama was a myth and Ramayana is a parable, uncritically. The book also comments on Prof. Sen's allegations that Hindu political activists nowadays pay little heed to the 'tolerant' Hindu tradition and are bent upon rewriting history to suit their own ideologies. This painstaking analysis will prove extremely interesting to a wide variety of readers: the scholars of Indology and religion, historians and to the general readers as well.