The book provides a broad perspective of the current theoretical aspects and recent experimental findings in the field of biomolecular dynamics, revealing future research trends, especially in areas where theoreticians and experimentalists could fruitfully collaborate.
the drama of the front lines.”
-Richard Danzig, former secretary of the navy
The first major bioterror event in the United States-the anthrax attacks in October 2001-was a clarion call for scientists who work with “hot” agents to find ways of protecting civilian populations against biological weapons. In The Demon in the Freezer, his first nonfiction book since The Hot Zone, a #1 New York Times bestseller, Richard Preston takes us into the heart of Usamriid, the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland, once the headquarters of the U.S. biological weapons program and now the epicenter of national biodefense.
Peter Jahrling, the top scientist at Usamriid, a wry virologist who cut his teeth on Ebola, one of the world’s most lethal emerging viruses, has ORCON security clearance that gives him access to top secret information on bioweapons. His most urgent priority is to develop a drug that will take on smallpox-and win. Eradicated from the planet in 1979 in one of the great triumphs of modern science, the smallpox virus now resides, officially, in only two high-security freezers-at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta and in Siberia, at a Russian virology institute called Vector. But the demon in the freezer has been set loose. It is almost certain that illegal stocks are in the possession of hostile states, including Iraq and North Korea. Jahrling is haunted by the thought that biologists in secret labs are using genetic engineering to create a new superpox virus, a smallpox resistant to all vaccines.
Usamriid went into a state of Delta Alert on September 11 and activated its emergency response teams when the first anthrax letters were opened in New York and Washington, D.C. Preston reports, in unprecedented detail, on the government’s response to the attacks and takes us into the ongoing FBI investigation. His story is based on interviews with top-level FBI agents and with Dr. Steven Hatfill.
Jahrling is leading a team of scientists doing controversial experiments with live smallpox virus at CDC. Preston takes us into the lab where Jahrling is reawakening smallpox and explains, with cool and devastating precision, what may be at stake if his last bold experiment fails.
Herbal remedies have been around for years and many people count on them every day. Some carry a strong belief that there is no need to rely on medications. Among the alternative medicine approaches, essential oils are used for a number of different conditions and offer a variety of benefits.
After a stress filled day, it would be nice to come home and just relax. Some have found that they can get fast relaxation by taking a warm bath using essential oils. A mix of the oils and the aromas can relax one so much that it puts the client to sleep.
Because essential oils are extracted from plant material, they often contain the nutritional essence of the plants themselves. In concentrated form, they can impart huge health benefits, when they are ingested into the body.
Essential Oils will guide you through the various uses and benefits of essential oils, highlighting how to use them to lose weight, relieve pain, maintain your skin, as well as strengthen your hair. The various uses of essential oils is nearly limitless. Come discover what many others have: that there is now a safer, more natural way to protect yourself and your family.
PTCE (Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam) Flashcard Book
400 Questions & Answers You Need to Know
Written by a seasoned pharmacy technician instructor, this PTCE study supplement covers everything you need to know for the exam: assisting the pharmacist in serving patients, maintaining medication and inventory control systems, and participating in the management of pharmacy practice.
The 400 flashcards are broken down by PTCE test topics and include multiple-choice questions with detailed answers. We give you:
100 flashcards focused on the top 100 brand/generic drug names including their drug classes, indications, side effects, and special considerations;
50 flashcards focused on pharmaceutical terms and abbreviations and
250 flashcards focused on PTCE review material: Assisting the Pharmacist in Serving Patients (165 flashcards), Maintaining Medication and Inventory Control Systems (50 flashcards), and Participating in the Administration and Management of Pharmacy Practice (30 flashcards).
After studying with the book, review what you've learned at REA's online Study Center. Customizable e-flashcards and 3 practice quizzes let you create your own PTCE study plan and study anywhere, anytime. You can also make your own flashcards for any topics that give you difficulty.
If you're a pharmacy tech student and want extra practice and review before the exam, REA's PTCE Flashcard Book is the right Rx for your study needs.
NEW TO THIS EDITION:Three new chapters including new information on men’s health, women’s health, and pharmacogenomics and laboratory tests.Mini-cases embedded in each chapter provide therapy-related examples and reinforce important points made in the text.Quickview Charts give an overview of important clinical information including reference ranges and critical values.Learning Points focus on a clinical application of a major concept present in the chapter.
Government Is Us 2.0 picks up where the previous edition left off. It addresses the bigger questions that are being asked and discussed about the relationships among and between citizens and their governments, how individuals and agencies govern, and the institutional elements that keep us from engendering long-term, socially just participatory change.
The central argument of Government Is Us 2.0 is that much can be done to bridge the gulf between citizens and their governments. The chapter authors offer practical suggestions on how public administrators can productively involve citizens in government work, with steps that will increase citizens' trust in government through opportunities for direct connection and collaboration.
In a systematic fashion, learn how to identify and evaluate the functional groups that comprise the structure of a drug molecule and their influences on solubility, absorption, acid/base character, binding interactions, and stereochemical orientation. Relevant Phase I and Phase II metabolic transformations are also discussed for each functional group.
Key features include:
• Discussions on the roles and characteristics of organic functional groups, including the identification of acidic and basic functional groups.
• How to solve problems involving pH, pKa, and ionization; salts and solubility; drug binding interactions; stereochemistry; and drug metabolism.
• Numerous examples and expanded discussions for complex concepts.
• Therapeutic examples that link the importance of medicinal chemistry to pharmacy and healthcare practice.
• An overview of structure activity relationships (SARs) and concepts that govern drug design.
• Review questions and practice problems at the end of each chapter that allow readers to test their understanding, with the answers provided in an appendix.
Whether you are just starting your education toward a career in a healthcare field or need to brush up on your organic chemistry concepts, this book is here to help you navigate medicinal chemistry.
About the Authors
Marc W. Harrold, BS, Pharm, PhD, is Professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the Mylan School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. Professor Harrold is the 2011 winner of the Omicron Delta Kappa "Teacher of the Year" award at Duquesne University. He is also the two-time winner of the "TOPS" (Teacher of the Pharmacy School) award at the Mylan School of Pharmacy.
Robin M. Zavod, PhD, is Associate Professor for Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Chicago College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL, where she was awarded the 2012 Outstanding Faculty of the Year award. Professor Zavod also serves on the adjunct faculty for Elmhurst College and the Illinois Institute of Technology. She currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.
The easy way to take the confusion out of organic chemistry
Organic chemistry has a long-standing reputation as a difficult course. Organic Chemistry I For Dummies takes a simple approach to the topic, allowing you to grasp concepts at your own pace.
This fun, easy-to-understand guide explains the basic principles of organic chemistry in simple terms, providing insight into the language of organic chemists, the major classes of compounds, and top trouble spots. You'll also get the nuts and bolts of tackling organic chemistry problems, from knowing where to start to spotting sneaky tricks that professors like to incorporate.Refreshed example equations New explanations and practical examples that reflect today's teaching methods Fully worked-out organic chemistry problems
Baffled by benzines? Confused by carboxylic acids? Here's the help you need—in plain English!
TechPrep™ contains more than 1,000 review questions to help readers prepare for national technician certification exams. A robust Practice Session feature allows users to create custom quizzes by setting topic area, time, and number of questions. The Simulated Exam function lets readers practice their test skills by providing a 90 question, 120 minute test, with questions weighted to mimic national certification exams. Students using TechPrep™ receive instant, automated scoring, and can quickly identify areas they’ve mastered, or practice subjects where they need improvement. Alone or with the new edition of the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, 4th Edition andall-new Workbook for the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, the Pharmacy Technician Review Guide and Practice Exam offers the most comprehensive review to help you achieve certification!
Why do you fall in love with one person rather than another? In this fascinating and informative book, Helen Fisher, one of the world's leading experts on romantic love, unlocks the hidden code of desire and attachment. Each of us, it turns out, primarily expresses one of four broad personality types—Explorer, Builder, Director, or Negotiator—and each of these types is governed by different chemical systems in the brain. Driven by this biology, we are attracted to partners who both mirror and complement our own personality type.
Until now the search for love has been blind, but Fisher pulls back the curtain and reveals how we unconsciously go about finding the right match. Drawing on her unique study of 40,000 men and women, she explores each personality type in detail and shows you how to identify your own type. Then she explains why some types match up well, whereas others are problematic. (Note to Explorers: be prepared for a wild ride when you hitch your star to a fellow Explorer!) Ultimately, Fisher's investigation into the complex nature of romance and attachment leads to astonishing new insights into the essence of dating, love, and marriage.
Based on entirely new research—including a detailed questionnaire completed by seven million people in thirty-three countries—Why Him? Why Her? will change your understanding of why you love him (or her) and help you use nature's chemistry to find and keep your life partner.
Although rotations are crucial to the development of skills needed to practice pharmacy, there has been little available to guide students in the best way to prepare and make the most of these experiences—until now.
Maximize Your Rotations: ASHP’s Student Guide to IPPEs, APPEs, and Beyond breaks down everything you need to know into easy-to-navigate chapters. Inside you will find the skills required to excel while on IPPE or APPE rotations, along with competencies that may be unique to one type of rotation or another.
Each chapter is written by an experienced preceptor, lending a valuable perspective.
By using this text, you will gain an appreciation of the general expectations and typical activities of each rotation experience before you begin. Better preparation means better performance. Maximize Your Rotations will also be a resource throughout the experiential year, offering everything from reminders of clinical issues and statistical reviews to advice on interviewing, CV writing, professional organizations, and more.
Maximize Your Rotations means less time getting up to speed—and more time getting ahead in your career. Your rotation experience can be the launching pad for your career, and there’s no better guide than Maximize Your Rotations.
Each chapter contains learning objectives, case studies, bibliographies, and charts that summarize the causes of high and low test results.
New for this edition: Updated and expanded Quick View tables in each chapter now match those in the popular quick-reference, Interpreting Laboratory Data: A Point-of-Care Guide New glossary of acronyms is right up front for a streamlined reference Normal value ranges of all tests have been standardized by an expert pathologist New and updated cases in each chapter apply your Basic Skills in clinical situations Reorganized to highlight the application of concepts by body system, and in special populationsBasic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data offers features that will help pharmacy students not only understand and engage with the material but also will streamline the transition from classroom to practice setting. After studying with this trusted text, students and pharmacists will more effectively monitor patient therapy, evaluate test results, and improve outcomes through optimal and focused pharmacotherapy.
From Abilify to Zyrtec and nearly every drug in between, Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition is the must-have item for every aspiring health professional. In fact, it's the only drug book on the market written specifically for health professionals! Filled with vital details your students need to know about patient medications, this updated edition features concise, reliable information that is easy to navigate and simple to follow. Key details are presented in short monographs for 1,000 generic drugs (including 4,500 trade-name drugs) that are listed alphabetically. Precautions and considerations sections are tailored to circumstances your students will face on the job. Make certain they have the most relevant information on hand for their studies and for clinical practice with Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition!
Pharmacotherapy Handbook, 8e provides practitioners and students with the critical information necessary to support drug therapy decision making for more than 140 diseases and disorders. Featuring a convenient alphabetized presentation, this handy guide utilizes tables, texts, figures, and treatment algorithms to make the information readily accessible and easily understood.
The consistent chapter organization includes: Disease state definition Review of relevant pathophysiology Clinical presentation Diagnosis Desired outcome Treatment Monitoring
The Treatment section usually includes nonpharmacologic therapy, drug selection guidelines, dosing recommendations, adverse effects, pharmacokinetic considerations, and important drug interactions.
Decision making based on personal experience alone, without knowledge from well-designed, controlled, randomized trials with adequate sample size, often overestimates the efficacy and underestimates the safety risks associated with drugs. This book provides a roadmap that is instructional and, most importantly, practical for the pharmacist so these new skills can be applied immediately in practice.
Based on a five-step process perfected over ten years at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, School of Pharmacy, this exciting new approach will:
· Reduce complexity
· Shorten time for decision making support
· Maintain rigor
· Categorize quality of the evidence in a simple, straightforward, and logical manner
· Provide a process designed specifically for pharmacists making drug therapy decisions
Use of examples, tables, diagrams, and key points highlighted throughout the book and summarized at the end of each chapter provide the pharmacist with skills they can implement the next day to begin applying EBM principles to their practice.
A&P content helps you understand how drugs work in the human body.
Comprehensive drug tables provide fast, easy access to essential pharmaceutical facts.
Tech Notes and Tech Alerts highlight steps you can take to enhance efficiency and avoid common errors on the job.
Pharmacist's Perspective boxes provide practical insight on common scenarios you'll encounter in practice.
Technician's Corner boxes challenge you to apply your critical thinking skills to chapter content.
Abbreviated drug monographs familiarize you with essential pharmaceutical data for common drugs:
Route of administration
Side effects Auxiliary labelMedication Safety and Error Prevention chapter helps you confidently address growing concerns related to patient safety and prevent medication-related errors.
Revised Math Calculations chapter incorporates helpful information to clarify complex pharmaceutical calculations.
Updated content prepares you for the Pharmacy Technician Certification (PTC) exam and highlights current concerns you'll encounter in the workforce:
HIPAA regulationsThe Medicare Modernization Act Legal parameters for the sale of pseudoephedrine productsThe issuance of multiple Schedule II prescriptionsPending legislation requirements for Medicaid prescriptionsThe United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
New full-color photographs familiarize you with current practice settings. Learning games and certification review quizzes on the companion Evolve website reinforce your understanding and challenge you to apply what you've learned.
As a new mom, Jessica Alba wanted to create the safest, healthiest environment for her family. But she was frustrated by the lack of trustworthy information on how to live healthier and cleaner—delivered in a way that a busy mom could act on without going to extremes. In 2012, with serial entrepreneur Brian Lee and environmental advocate Christopher Gavigan, she launched The Honest Company, a brand where parents can find reliable information and products that are safe, stylish, and affordable. The Honest Life shares the insights and strategies she gathered along the way.
The Honest Life recounts Alba’s personal journey of discovery and reveals her tips for making healthy living fun, real, and stylish, while offering a candid look inside her home and daily life. She shares strategies for maintaining a clean diet (with favorite family-friendly recipes) and embraces nontoxic choices at home and provides eco-friendly decor tips to fit any budget. Alba also discusses cultivating a daily eco beauty routine, finding one’s personal style without resorting to yoga pants, and engaging in fun, hands-on activities with kids. Her solutions are easy, chic, and down-to-earth: they’re honest. And discovering everyday ways to live naturally and authentically—true to you—could be honestly life-changing.
Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage.
The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science.Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plantsDiscusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one bookReviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic oreIndustrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources
If you are a patient, gain a better understanding of how a pharmacy functions; if you are a health care provider, learn how to better communicate with retail pharmacists. A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides helpful advice for those already working behind the counter, as well. Explore what is expected of pharmacy technicians and new techniques for pharmacists to use in handling the typical problems they encounter.
Whether your problems are in front of the counter or behind it, A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides the cure!
Water Insolubility is the Primary Culprit in over 40% of New Drug Development Failures
The most comprehensive resource on the topic, this second edition of Water Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe solubility properties and their impact on formulation, from theory to industrial practice. With detailed discussion on how these properties contribute to solubilization and dissolution, the text also features six brand new chapters on water-insoluble drugs, exploring regulatory aspects, pharmacokinetic behavior, early phase formulation strategies, lipid based systems for oral delivery, modified release of insoluble drugs, and scalable manufacturing aspects. The book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field.
This book offers a complete review of the basic mathematics concepts and skills, which provide a foundation for more advanced understanding of pharmacy-related topics. The guide provides students with the pharmacy basics necessary for correctly interpreting prescriptions and drug orders, and for performing dosing calculations that technicians face every day.
The chapters are broken down into four units and are organized to complement most pharmacy technician training curricula and to support the ASHP model curriculum:
· Review of Mathematics
· Systems of Measurement
· Preparing for Problem Solving in Pharmacy
· Dosing Calculations and Other Pharmacy Problems
Key features throughout the book include:
· Chapter objectives
· Key terms and definitions
· Examples of problem scenarios or calculations questions and solutions
· “Tech Note!” —provides a highlight of key points within the chapters
· “Numbers at Work” —illustrates why key concepts are important to know and skills are critical to master
· Practice problems
· A test bank
· Appendices that include the parts of a prescription, a glossary of terms, conversions, and abbreviations tables.
For additional resources related to this book, visit www.ashp.org/techcalculations.
• first to provide exam data-mining in study guide
• allow students to focus on most examined concepts – cut study time and increase efficiency
• an expert guide to lead one abstract knowledge and wisdom
• provides exact, accurate, complete and independent self–education
• the only guide currently that covers Planning Questions
• advanced trade book
• complete and concise eBook editions available
• also suitable for
• Cambridge GCE AL (H1/H2)
• Cambridge International A & AS Level
• Books available for other subjects including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Economics, English
• Primary level, Secondary level, GCE O-level, GCE A-level, iGCSE, Cambridge A-level, Hong Kong DSE
• visit www.yellowreef.com for sample chapters and more
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition introduces this important technique, to help students to design their own organic syntheses. There are forty chapters: those on the synthesis of given types of molecules alternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learnt are placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapters cover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, and develop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designed for difficult problems.
Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, natural products, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds, dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advanced synthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound are given.
This second edition has been fully revised and updated with a modern look. Recent examples and techniques are included and illustrated additional material has been added to take the student to the level required by the sequel, “Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control”.
Several chapters contain extensive new material based on courses that the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceutical industry.
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd edition provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis for chemistry and biochemistry students and a refresher for organic chemists working in industry and academia.
With its balanced presentation of polymer chemistry, physics, and engineering applications, the Third Edition of this classic text continues to instill readers with a solid understanding of the core concepts underlying polymeric materials. Both students and instructors have praised the text for its clear explanations and logical organization. It begins with molecular-level considerations and then progressively builds the reader's knowledge with discussions of bulk properties, mechanical behavior, and processing methods.
Following a brief introduction, Fundamental Principles of Polymeric Materials is divided into four parts:
Part 1: Polymer Fundamentals
Part 2: Polymer Synthesis
Part 3: Polymer Properties
Part 4: Polymer Processing and Performance
Thoroughly Updated and Revised
Readers familiar with the previous edition of this text will find that the organization and style have been updated with new material to help them grasp key concepts and discover the latest science, techniques, and applications. For example, there are new introductory sections on organic functional groups focusing on the structures found in condensation polymerizations. The text also features new techniques for polymer analysis, processing, and microencapsulation as well as emerging techniques such as atom transfer radical polymerization.
At the end of each chapter are problems—including many that are new to this edition—to test the reader's grasp of core concepts as they advance through the text. There are also references leading to the primary literature for further investigation of individual topics.
A classic in its field, this text enables students in chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and mechanical engineering to fully grasp and apply the fundamentals of polymeric materials, preparing them for more advanced coursework.
Beginning with simple theoretical models and experimental techniques, the book develops the complete repertoire of theoretical principles and experimental techniques necessary for understanding and implementing the most sophisticated NMR experiments.
Important new techniques and applications of NMR spectroscopy have emerged since the first edition of this extremely successful book was published in 1996. This updated version includes new sections describing measurement and use of residual dipolar coupling constants for structure determination, TROSY and deuterium labeling for application to large macromolecules, and experimental techniques for characterizing conformational dynamics. In addition, the treatments of instrumentation and signal acquisition, field gradients, multidimensional spectroscopy, and structure calculation are updated and enhanced.
The book is written as a graduate-level textbook and will be of interest to biochemists, chemists, biophysicists, and structural biologists who utilize NMR spectroscopy or wish to understand the latest developments in this field.Provides an understanding of the theoretical principles important for biological NMR spectroscopyDemonstrates how to implement, optimize and troubleshoot modern multi-dimensional NMR experimentsAllows for the capability of designing effective experimental protocols for investigations of protein structures and dynamicsIncludes a comprehensive set of example NMR spectra of ubiquitin provides a reference for validation of experimental methods
Pretests in each chapter allow readers to assess their current knowledge of specific topics.
Step-by-step examples make it easy to learn and remember how to do equations and use formulas.
Hundreds of practice problems provide practice with calculations, conversions, and measurements.
Actual drug labels accompany examples and problems, for real-world experience with the information you will see in pharmacy practice.
Business Math for Pharmacy Technicians chapter introduces the calculations needed in retail pharmacy settings.
Body system icons appear next to medication names to help you associate different drugs with their respective disorders and body systems.
Points to Remember boxes make it easy to learn and remember key information.
Review of Rules sections in each chapter summarize the rules and methods for performing equations.
Chapter reviews provide a quick summary of the key concepts in each chapter.
Posttests in each chapter allow you to assess how well you have learned the material.
A comprehensive posttest includes 50 questions that assess your knowledge of all major topics covered in the book.
Helpful study tools also include an answer key for odd-numbered problems and a comprehensive glossary.Updated content meets ASHP requirements and features new topics such as powder volume and compounding problems, formulas for reducing and enlarging medications, and opportunities to write out prescription label directions.
Tech Note boxes offer helpful advice on real-life situations you may encounter in the pharmacy.
Tech Alert boxes warn against common pharmacy and medication errors that could impact patients' safety.
Additional prescription and practice exercises give you valuable experience with translating physician directions into patient instructions.
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is a super-effective way for students preparing for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination to improve their ability to perform basic math and pharmacy-specific calculations. The book includes powerful learning aids such as practice exercises in each chapter, end-of-chapter Q&A, a 50-question pretest that reviews key concepts, and three 100-question practice tests to prepare you for the board exam. All questions are correlated to the learning outcomes found in the book so you know exactly what to review should you answer a question incorrectly.
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is logically divided into ten chapters:
Chapter 1: Mathematical Concepts -- reviews the basic mathematical building blocks needed to master advanced pharmacy calculations, including fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, proportions, conversions, and cross-multiplication.
Chapter 2: Numbering Systems -- reviews the different systems of measurement and how to convert within and between them, including working with temperatures and time.
Chapter 3: Understanding Drugs and Drug Orders -- identifies drug strengths, doses, drug forms, and routes of administration and explains how to identify and interpret information on drug labels, package inserts, prescriptions, and medication orders.
Chapter 4: Methods of Dosage Calculations -- presents methods to perform dosage calculations correctly, including fraction proportion, ratio proportion, dimensional analysis, and formulas.
Chapter 5: Oral Dosages -- describes the processes for calculating dosages, amount to dispense, and estimated days' supply for oral medications.
Chapter 6: Parenteral Dosages (Excluding Intravenous) -- describes parenteral medications, including those given by injection; inhalants; transdermal, ophthalmic, and otic drugs; and drugs placed in the rectum or vagina.
Chapter 7: Intravenous Calculations -- describes how to calculate IV concentrations and how to prepare medications for continuous and intermittent IV infusion.
Chapter 8: Special Preparations Calculations -- describes the processes to calculate concentrations, ratio strengths, final volume/final strength, and dilutions, as well as how to write recipes to prepare compound drug orders and perform alligation calculations.
Chapter 9: Medication Safety and Calculations -- discusses pharmacokinetics, high-alert medications, look-alike/sound-alike medications, how to calculate drug half-life values, pediatric and geriatric calculations, DEA controlled substance requirements related to prescriber DEA numbers, and how to perform the calculation needed to verify DEA number validity.
Chapter 10: Business, Inventory, and Reimbursement Calculations -- discusses reimbursements and patient payments, and describes how to calculate overhead costs, profits and losses, markups, turnover rates, and correct costs and change.
Are you baffled by biochemistry? If so here's the good news ? you don't have to stay that way! Biochemistry For Dummies shows you how to get a handle on biochemistry, apply the science, raise your grades, and prepare yourself to ace any standardized test.
This friendly, unintimidating guide presents an overview of the material covered in a typical college-level biochemistry course and makes the subject easy to understand and accessible to everyone. From cell ultrastructure and carbohydrates to amino acids, proteins, and supramolecular structure, you'll identify biochemical structures and reactions, and send your grades soaring.Newest biology, biochemistry, chemistry, and scientific discoveries Updated examples and explanations Incorporates the most current teaching techniques
From water biochemistry to protein synthesis, Biochemistry For Dummies gives you the vital information, clear explanations, and important insights you need to increase your understanding and improve your performance on any biochemistry test.
Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds.Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.
Development and use of robust analytical methods is critical for the ability to generate accurate analytical data. Sample preparation is an integral part of the analytical method. In a survey conducted by LC-GC1, responses indicated that approximately two-thirds of the time spent testing and analyzing samples was spent on the sample preparation portion of the method. In addition, issues related to sample preparation accounted for one-third of the errors generated while performing an analytical method.
A number of challenges exist in the sample preparation/extraction of pharmaceutical dosage forms for potency and purity analysis as well as isolation and identification of impurities and degradants. These challenges increase for complex dosage forms such as some controlled release formulations and other challenging formulations such as suspensions, ointments, transdermal patches, etc. Challenges in developing rapid and rugged sample preparation methods include complete dispersion of the dosage form to facilitate extraction and solubilization of the analytes of interest, dealing with extracted interfering components and addressing drug-excipient interactions. A number of factors must be considered and addressed in each of these areas.
The objective of Sample Preparation of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms is to provide an overview of the various sample preparation and extraction techniques available for pharmaceutical dosage forms. In addition to the review and discussion of specific techniques, sample preparation method development and trouble shooting strategies are discussed. Multiple examples and case studies are presented to highlight various potential issues and solutions.