In this revised edition, Paul Ekman, a renowned expert in emotions research and nonverbal communication, adds a new chapter to present his latest research on his groundbreaking inquiry into lying and the methods for uncovering lies. Ekman has figured out the most important behavioral clues to deceit; he has developed a one-hour self-instructional program that trains people to observe and understand "micro expressions"; and he has done research that identifies the facial expressions that show whether someone is likely to become violent—a self-instructional program to train recognition of these dangerous signals has also been developed.
Telling Lies describes how lies vary in form and how they can differ from other types of misinformation that can reveal untruths. It discusses how a person’s body language, voice, and facial expressions can give away a lie but still fool professional lie hunters?even judges, police officers, drug enforcement agents, and Secret Service agents.
The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are discussed include general psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion; the affect system; the biology of emotions and other feelings; and emotions as transitory social roles.
Psychologists, sociobiologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, ethologists, and students the allied fields will find the text a good reference material.
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You're not stuck with the brain you're born with.
With his knack for making science intelligible for the layman, and his ability to illuminate scientific concepts through analogy and reference to personal experience, James Zull offers the reader an engrossing and coherent introduction to what neuroscience can tell us about cognitive development through experience, and its implications for education.
Stating that educational change is underway and that the time is ripe to recognize that “the primary objective of education is to understand human learning” and that “all other objectives depend on achieving this understanding”, James Zull challenges the reader to focus on this purpose, first for her or himself, and then for those for whose learning they are responsible.
The book is addressed to all learners and educators – to the reader as self-educator embarked on the journey of lifelong learning, to the reader as parent, and to readers who are educators in schools or university settings, as well as mentors and trainers in the workplace.
In this work, James Zull presents cognitive development as a journey taken by the brain, from an organ of organized cells, blood vessels, and chemicals at birth, through its shaping by experience and environment into potentially to the most powerful and exquisite force in the universe, the human mind.
Zull begins his journey with sensory-motor learning, and how that leads to discovery, and discovery to emotion. He then describes how deeper learning develops, how symbolic systems such as language and numbers emerge as tools for thought, how memory builds a knowledge base, and how memory is then used to create ideas and solve problems. Along the way he prompts us to think of new ways to shape educational experiences from early in life through adulthood, informed by the insight that metacognition lies at the root of all learning.
At a time when we can expect to change jobs and careers frequently during our lifetime, when technology is changing society at break-neck speed, and we have instant access to almost infinite information and opinion, he argues that self-knowledge, awareness of how and why we think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals; and that the transformation of education, in the light of all this and what neuroscience can tell us, is a key element in future development of healthy and productive societies.
Forgetting what is behind sounds great. But how do we do it?
In this dynamic book, you will not only discover how to forget the past, but how your past can become one of your greatest assets!
Neuro examines the implications of this emerging trend, weighing the promises against the perils, and evaluating some widely held concerns about a neurobiological "colonization" of the social and human sciences. Despite identifying many exaggerated claims and premature promises, Neuro argues that the openness provided by the new styles of thought taking shape in neuroscience, with its contemporary conceptions of the neuromolecular, plastic, and social brain, could make possible a new and productive engagement between the social and brain sciences.
Copyright note: Reproduction, including downloading of Joan Miro works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. ?
The book defines the problems of anxiety and depression, in the framework of differential emotion theory, as combinations or patterns of interacting fundamental emotions and bodily feelings. The differential emotion theory of anxiety and depression is compared with psychoanalytic theory, cognitive theory, and biogenetic theory. A number of studies are presented which support the differential emotion analysis of anxiety and depression. The book also presents studies of various life situations in which a particular fundamental emotion is dominant. What has been found repeatedly is that, in each such situation, the dominant emotion occurs in a pattern of dynamically related fundamental emotions. The patterns for a variety of commonly experienced and universal emotion situations are presented and discussed.
At their first meeting, a remarkable bond was sparked between His Holiness the Dalai Lama, one of the world's most revered spiritual leaders, and the psychologist Paul Ekman, whose groundbreaking work helped to define the science of emotions. Now these two luminaries share their thinking about science and spirituality, the bonds between East and West, and the nature and quality of our emotional lives.
In this unparalleled series of conversations, the Dalai Lama and Ekman prod and push toward answers to the central questions of emotional experience. What are the sources of hate and compassion? Should a person extend her compassion to a torturer—and would that even be biologically possible? What does science reveal about the benefits of Buddhist meditation, and can Buddhism improve through engagement with the scientific method? As they come to grips with these issues, they invite us to join them in an unfiltered view of two great traditions and two great minds.
Accompanied by commentaries on the findings of emotion research and the teachings of Buddhism, their interplay—amusing, challenging, eye-opening, and moving—guides us on a transformative journey in the understanding of emotions.
Greatly expanded from the first edition, and significantly revised, this second edition has two completely new chapters on social skills and personality, and a new chapter on research methods. The author, a pioneer in the study of non-verbal communication, presents the second edition in the same accessible style as the first, bringing to the reader both his intense interest in the subject and his authoritative knowledge of it.
The manuscript first offers information on the structure of emotional meaning, including cluster analysis of items, patterning of clusters in emotional states, and interrelationships among clusters. The text then takes a look at comments on the structure of emotional meaning.
The publication examines studies on the language of emotion. Discussions focus on a comparison of emotional experiences reported by adolescents in Uganda and the United States; similarity of reported emotional experiences and genetic background; individual differences in reported emotional experiences and perceptual-cognitive style; and development of the language of emotion.
The book is a vital reference for philosophers, psychiatrists, social workers, and educators interested in emotional phenomena.
The authors integrate work on normal emotions with work on the emotional disorders. Although there are many influential theories of normal emotions within the cognition and emotion literature, these theories rarely address the issue of disordered emotions. Similarly, there are numerous theories that seek to explain one or more emotional disorders (e.g., depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias), but which rarely discuss normal emotions. The present book draws these separate strands together and introduces a theoretical framework that can be applied to both normal and disordered emotions. It also provides a core cognition and emotion textbook through the inclusion of a comprehensive review of the basic literature. The book includes chapters on the historical background and philosophy of emotion, reviews the main theories of normal emotions and of emotional disorders, and includes separate chapters organised around the five basic emotions of fear, sadness, anger, disgust, and happiness.
Cognition and Emotion: From Order to Disorder provides both an advanced textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in addition to a novel approach with a range of implications for clinical practice for work with the emotional disorders.
New to This Edition
*Chapters on the mechanisms, processes, and influences that contribute to emotions (such as genetics, the brain, neuroendocrine processes, language, the senses of taste and smell).
*Chapters on emotion in adolescence and older age, and in neurodegenerative dementias.
*Chapters on facial expressions and emotional body language.
*Chapters on stress, health, gratitude, love, and empathy.
*Many new authors and topics; extensively revised with the latest theoretical and methodological innovations.
A Choice Outstanding Academic Title
Unmasking the Social Engineer: The Human Element of Security focuses on combining the science of understanding non-verbal communications with the knowledge of how social engineers, scam artists and con men use these skills to build feelings of trust and rapport in their targets. The author helps readers understand how to identify and detect social engineers and scammers by analyzing their non-verbal behavior. Unmasking the Social Engineer shows how attacks work, explains nonverbal communications, and demonstrates with visuals the connection of non-verbal behavior to social engineering and scamming.Clearly combines both the practical and technical aspects of social engineering security Reveals the various dirty tricks that scammers use Pinpoints what to look for on the nonverbal side to detect the social engineer
Sharing proven scientific methodology for reading, understanding, and deciphering non-verbal communications, Unmasking the Social Engineer arms readers with the knowledge needed to help protect their organizations.
The only comprehensive reference on this subject, Nutritional Neuroscience discusses the relationship of nutrition to behavior and neuroscience. Following a review of fundamental issues and methods, the book covers the effects of macronutrients and micronutrients on brain function and behavior. Chapters are devoted to the effects of a wide range of foods, specific nutrients, food constituents, and food additives on cognitive behavior and development. The final section examines foods and supplements that modulate brain function.
With a broad range of information presented in a simple and straightforward manner, this book provides an ideal introduction to nutritional neuroscience. The depth of information and comprehensive coverage also make this an essential reference for specialists involved in nutrition, neuroscience, pharmacology, psychology, and related disciplines.
Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases.The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the marketAddresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience communityIncludes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disordersRichly illustrated in full colorExtensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alikeThe online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionalityAn essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists
Learning features including case studies, review questions and assignments are provided to aid students' understanding and promote a critical approach. Extended critical thinking and skill-builder activities develop the reader's higher-level academic skills.
The first book to present a comprehensive team approach to rehabilitation of ABI survivors, Acquired Brain Injury gives medical and clinical specialists a deeper understanding of not only each other’s roles, but also their complementary functions.
-The medical management of ABI—neurosurgery, neurology, physiatry—and the medical specialties involved—neuropsychiatry, neurourology and neurooptometry
-In-depth discussion of the roles of occupational, speech-language, and balance rehabilitation
-Separate chapters on nursing, neuropsychology, and case management
-Behavioral and emotional challenges common to individuals with ABI
-The importance of addressing family needs
-Case examples throughout illustrating a wide range of injuries, symptoms, and stages of recovery
Based on the editors’ combined experience of more than 40 years in the neuro-rehabilitation field, this comprehensive volume clarifies rehabilitation goals and processes for the physician, rehab specialist, the advanced student, and patients’ advocates. With ABI so prevalent—roughly 1.5 million new cases per year—this book couldn’t be more timely.
Its uniquely clinical focus provides both comprehensive background information, and practical strategies for dealing with common problems with thinking, memory, communication, behaviour and emotional adjustment in both adults and children. The book addresses a wide range of challenges, from those which begin with impairment of consciousness, to those occurring for many years after injury, and presents strategies for maximising participation in all aspects of community life.
The book will be of use to practising clinicians, students in health disciplines relevant to neurorehabilitation, and also to the families of individuals with traumatic brain injury.
This volume explores interdisciplinary research on Attention and interaction of Attention with other cognitive processes including perception, learning, and memory. The papers cover major research on attention in Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology. The volume presents recent advances on attention including binding, dynamics of attention, attention and perceptual organization, attention and consciousness, emotion and attention, development of attention, crossmodal attention, computational modeling of attention, control of actions, attention and memory, and meditation.
International researchers incorporate several new developments in the field, including:
Developmental neurobehavioral genetics
New approaches in bioinformatics
Single gene techniques
Based on various studies of living organisms ranging from primates to rodents to invertebrates, this edition offers a contemporary approach to examining the relationship between the genetic mechanisms in the brain and behavior. The authors examine how past and recent advances in methods and knowledge come together in the comparative genetics of behavior. They introduce the reader to experimental approaches available for the genetic study of emotionality, focusing on the use of animal models.
This edition explores studies in neurogenetic disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, examines genetic traits in personality such as altruism, and evaluates aggression in mice and humans. It also discusses the applications of quantitative methods and molecular genetics in basic and clinical research.
Neurobehavioral Genetics: Methods and Applications, Second Edition brings together new techniques and methods to promote a better understanding of genetics and their effects on behavior. The book is an excellent resource for investigators who want to incorporate genetic methods into neurobehavioral and psychiatric research.
THE NEW BIOLOGY AND THE SEX PROBLEM IN SOCIETY
M. M. KNIGHT, PH.D.
THE INSTITUTIONALIZED SEX TABOO
IVA LOWTHER PETERS, PH.D.
THE SEX PROBLEM IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY
PHYLLIS BLANCHARD, PH.D.
The neuropsychological assessment of elderly persons involves not only the performance-based measurement of various capacities but heavy reliance on reports from caregivers (both formal and informal) about the day to day functioning of the affected person. It also raises important, yet often neglected, ethical concerns. The authors discuss all the measures that detect and discriminate among cognitive disorders of elderly persons, including special measures relevant to caregiver reports, and provide useful tables to assist in differential diagnosis. They also reflect on the ethical issues that often confront the assessor of an elderly individual: informed consent, confidentiality, the right of bodily autonomy and self-determination, and appropriate feedback.
This book will be an invaluable resource for all those called on to evaluate older clients.
Wilson, Winegardner and Ashworth's focus on the survivors' perspective shows how rehabilitation is an interactive process between people with brain injury, health care staff, and others, and gives the survivors the chance to tell their own stories of life before their injury, the nature of the insult, their early treatment, and subsequent rehabilitation.
Presenting practical approaches to help survivors of brain injury achieve functionally relevant and meaningful goals, Life After Brain Injury: Survivors’ Stories will help all those working in rehabilitation understand the principles involved in holistic brain injury rehabilitation and how these principles, combined with theory and models, translate into clinical practice.
This book will be of great interest to anyone who wishes to extend their knowledge of the latest theories and practices involved in making life more manageable for people who have suffered damage to the brain. Life After Brain Injury: Survivors’ Stories will also be essential for clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, and anybody dealing with acquired brain injury whether they be a survivor of a brain injury themselves, a relative, a friend or a carer.
THE SEXUAL ABERRATIONS
1. DEVIATION IN REFERENCE TO THE SEXUAL OBJECT
B. The Sexually Immature and Animals as Sexual Objects
2. DEVIATION IN REFERENCE TO THE SEXUAL AIM
(a) Anatomical Transgression
(b) Fixation of Precursory Sexual Aims
3. GENERAL STATEMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL PERVERSIONS
4. THE SEXUAL IMPULSE IN NEUROTICS
PARTIAL IMPULSES AND EROGENOUS ZONES
EXPLANATION OF THE MANIFEST PREPONDERANCE OF SEXUAL PERVERSIONS IN THE PSYCHONEUROSES
REFERENCE TO THE INFANTILISM OF SEXUALITY
THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY
THE SEXUAL LATENCY PERIOD OF CHILDHOOD AND ITS INTERRUPTIONS
THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY
THE SEXUAL AIM OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY
THE MASTURBATIC SEXUAL MANIFESTATIONS
THE INFANTILE SEXUAL INVESTIGATION
THE SOURCES OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY
THE TRANSFORMATION OF PUBERTY
THE PRIMACY OF THE GENITAL ZONES AND THE FORE-PLEASURE
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL EXCITEMENT
THE THEORY OF THE LIBIDO
DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN MAN AND WOMAN
But what occurs when emotion work, feeling rules, and the gift of exchange are introduced into the public world of work? In search of the answer, Arlie Russell Hochschild closely examines two groups of public-contact workers: flight attendants and bill collectors. The flight attendant’s job is to deliver a service and create further demand for it, to enhance the status of the customer and be "nicer than natural." The bill collector’s job is to collect on the service, and if necessary, to deflate the status of the customer by being "nastier than natural." Between these extremes, roughly one-third of American men and one-half of American women hold jobs that call for substantial emotional labor. In many of these jobs, they are trained to accept feeling rules and techniques of emotion management that serve the company’s commercial purpose.
Just as we have seldom recognized or understood emotional labor, we have not appreciated its cost to those who do it for a living. Like a physical laborer who becomes estranged from what he or she makes, an emotional laborer, such as a flight attendant, can become estranged not only from her own expressions of feeling (her smile is not "her" smile), but also from what she actually feels (her managed friendliness). This estrangement, though a valuable defense against stress, is also an important occupational hazard, because it is through our feelings that we are connected with those around us.
On the basis of this book, Hochschild was featured in Key Sociological Thinkers, edited by Rob Stones. This book was also the winner of the Charles Cooley Award in 1983, awarded by the American Sociological Association and received an honorable mention for the C. Wright Mills Award.
THE PARAMOUNT NEED OF SEX KNOWLEDGE FOR GIRLS AND WOMEN
THE FEMALE SEX ORGANS: THEIR ANATOMY
THE INTERNAL SEX ORGANS
THE EXTERNAL GENITALS
THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE FEMALE SEX ORGANS
FUNCTION OF THE OVARIES
FUNCTION OF THE OTHER GENITAL ORGANS
THE SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERS
THE SEX INSTINCT
ABNORMALITIES OF MENSTRUATION
THE HYGIENE OF MENSTRUATION
FECUNDATION OR FERTILIZATION
THE DISORDERS OF PREGNANCY
WHEN TO ENGAGE A PHYSICIAN
THE SIZE OF THE FETUS
THE AFTERBIRTH (PLACENTA) AND CORD
LACTATION OR NURSING
ABORTION AND MISCARRIAGE
THE MENOPAUSE OR CHANGE OF LIFE
Change of Life in Men
THE HABIT OF MASTURBATION
THE VENEREAL DISEASES
THE EXTENT OF VENEREAL DISEASE
VULVOVAGINITIS IN LITTLE GIRLS
THE CURABILITY OF VENEREAL DISEASE
ALCOHOL, SEX AND VENEREAL DISEASE
MARRIAGE AND GONORRHEA
MARRIAGE AND SYPHILIS
WHO MAY AND WHO MAY NOT MARRY
Exophthalmic Goiter (Basedow's Disease)
Hemophilia, or Bleeders' Disease
Drug Addiction or Narcotism
Excessive Libido in Men
Excessive Libido in Women
BIRTH CONTROL OR THE LIMITATION OF OFFSPRING
A Few Everyday Cases
ADVICE TO GIRLS APPROACHING THE THRESHOLD OF WOMANHOOD
ADVICE TO PARENTS OF UNFORTUNATE GIRLS
SEXUAL RELATIONS DURING MENSTRUATION
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE DURING PREGNANCY
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE FOR PROPAGATION ONLY
ADHERENT CLITORIS OR PHIMOSIS
IS THE ORGASM NECESSARY FOR IMPREGNATION?
FRIGIDITY IN WOMEN
ADVICE TO FRIGID WOMEN, PARTICULARLY WIVES
THE SINGLE STANDARD OF SEXUAL MORALITY
Disastrous Effects of Wrong Teachings
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAN'S AND WOMAN'S SEX AND LOVE LIFE
Choice Between Physical and Spiritual Love
Love in Man Occupies Subordinate Place
Polygamous Tendencies in Man
ADVICE TO THE MARRIED AND THOSE ABOUT TO BE
A RATIONAL DIVORCE SYSTEM
Outsiders in Domestic Tangles
WHAT IS LOVE?
JEALOUSY AND HOW TO COMBAT IT
Causes of Jealousy
REMEDIES FOR JEALOUSY
At the outset, the author provides detailed information on theories of social competence and the contexts in which core skills (e.g., appropriate comments, reading verbal cues) are learned. Later chapters address specific challenges to competence and feature case examples illustrating typical patterns of deficits and presenting the latest data on the topic, including: assessment practices; parenting and family issues; social competence problems specific to children and adolescents in this population; effective and promising interventions; treatment guidelines; and areas deserving future study.
This volume offers much-needed information on:
The growth of social competence in the context of normal development.
Commonly used instruments for assessing social competence.
Social impairments in children with ADHD, autism/PDDs, learning disabilities, and mental retardation.
Social competence challenges specific to children with chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes, asthma, seizures), acquired disorders (including cancer and brain injuries), and genetic syndromes.
The latest findings on social development in gifted children and the "twice exceptional" – gifted and with learning disabilities.
Social competence as it affects – and is affected by – conduct and mood disorders.
The empirical findings and therapeutic insights found in Social Competence in Children make it essential reading for clinicians working with children and families as well as for school psychologists and other educational and mental health professionals.
I. The Feminine Mind
1. The Maternal Instinct
2. Women's Intelligence
3. The Masculine Bag of Tricks
4. Why Women Fail
5. The Thing Called Intuition
II. The War Between the Sexes
6. How Marriages are Arranged
7. The Feminine Attitude
8. The Male Beauty
9. Men as Aesthetes
10. The Process of Delusion
11. Biological Considerations
13. Women and the Emotions
15. Mythical Anthropophagi
16. A Conspiracy of Silence
17. Fundamental Motives
18. The Process of Courtship
19. The Actual Husband
20. The Unattainable Ideal
21. The Effect on the Race
22. Compulsory Marriage
23. Extra-Legal Devices
24. Intermezzo on Monogamy
25. Late Marriages
26. Disparate Unions
27. The Charm of Mystery
28. Woman as Wife
29. Marriage and the Law
30. The Emancipated Housewife
IV. Woman Suffrage
31. The Crowning Victory
32. The Woman Voter
33. A Glance Into the Future
34. The Suffragette
35. A Mythical Dare-Devil
36. The Origin of a Delusion
37. Women as Martyrs
38. Pathological Effects
39. Women as Christians
40. Piety as a Social Habit
41. The Ethics of Women
V. The New Age
42. The Transvaluation of Values
43. The Lady of Joy
44. The Future of Marriage
45. Effects of the War
46. The Eternal Romance
47. Apologia in Conclusion
Reporting from the front lines of science, Wise takes us into labs where scientists are learning how we make decisions when confronted with physical peril, how time is perceived when the mind is on high alert, and how willpower succeeds or fails in controlling fear. Along the way, he illuminates the science with riveting stories of true-life danger and survival. We watch a woman defend herself from a mountain lion attack in a remote canyon; we witness couple desperately fighting to beat back an encircling wildfire; we see a pilot struggle to maintain control of his plane as its wing begins to detach. Full of amazing characters and cutting-edge science, Extreme Fear is an original and absorbing look at how we can raise the limits of human potential.
• Written and edited by leading experts in the field, the second edition completely and comprehensively updates all chapters of this unique textbook
• Discusses emerging new understanding of non-classical molecules that affect neuronal signaling
• Full colour, professional graphics throughout
• Includes two new chapters: Information Processing in Neural Networks - describes the principles of operation of neural networks and the key circuit motifs that are common to many networks in the nervous system. Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neurodegenerative Disease - introduces the progress made in the last 20 years in elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.
PART I. THE DESCENT OR ORIGIN OF MAN.
THE EVIDENCE OF THE DESCENT OF MAN FROM SOME LOWER FORM.
THE BODILY STRUCTURE OF MAN.
ON THE MANNER OF DEVELOPMENT OF MAN FROM SOME LOWER FORM.
THE DIRECT AND DEFINITE ACTION OF CHANGED CONDITIONS.
EFFECTS OF THE INCREASED USE AND DISUSE OF PARTS.
ARRESTS OF DEVELOPMENT.
RATE OF INCREASE.
COMPARISON OF THE MENTAL POWERS OF MAN AND THE LOWER ANIMALS.
ABSTRACTION, GENERAL CONCEPTIONS, SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS, MENTAL INDIVIDUALITY.
SENSE OF BEAUTY.
BELIEF IN GOD—RELIGION.
MAN A SOCIAL ANIMAL.
THE MORE ENDURING SOCIAL INSTINCTS CONQUER THE LESS PERSISTENT INSTINCTS.
THE STRICTLY SOCIAL VIRTUES AT FIRST ALONE REGARDED.
SUMMARY OF THE LAST TWO CHAPTERS.
ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTELLECTUAL AND MORAL FACULTIES DURING PRIMEVAL AND CIVILISED TIMES.
NATURAL SELECTION AS AFFECTING CIVILISED NATIONS.
ON THE EVIDENCE THAT ALL CIVILISED NATIONS WERE ONCE BARBAROUS.
ON THE AFFINITIES AND GENEALOGY OF MAN.
ON THE BIRTHPLACE AND ANTIQUITY OF MAN.
LOWER STAGES IN THE GENEALOGY OF MAN.
ON THE RACES OF MAN.
ON THE EXTINCTION OF THE RACES OF MAN.
ON THE FORMATION OF THE RACES OF MAN.
NOTE ON THE RESEMBLANCES AND DIFFERENCES IN THE STRUCTURE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRAIN IN MAN AND APES BY PROFESSOR HUXLEY, F.R.S.
PART II. SEXUAL SELECTION.
PRINCIPLES OF SEXUAL SELECTION.
NUMERICAL PROPORTION OF THE TWO SEXES.
THE MALE GENERALLY MORE MODIFIED THAN THE FEMALE.
LAWS OF INHERITANCE.
INHERITANCE AT CORRESPONDING PERIODS OF LIFE.
INHERITANCE AT CORRESPONDING SEASONS OF THE YEAR.
INHERITANCE AS LIMITED BY SEX.
ON THE RELATION BETWEEN THE PERIOD OF DEVELOPMENT OF A CHARACTER AND ITS TRANSMISSION TO ONE SEX OR TO BOTH SEXES.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUDING REMARKS.
SUPPLEMENT ON THE PROPORTIONAL NUMBERS OF THE TWO SEXES IN ANIMALS BELONGING TO VARIOUS CLASSES.
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS IN THE LOWER CLASSES OF THE ANIMAL KINGDOM.
THE SUB-KINGDOM OF THE MOLLUSCA.
SUB-KINGDOM OF THE VERMES: CLASS, ANNELIDA (OR SEA-WORMS).
SUB-KINGDOM OF THE ARTHROPODA: CLASS, CRUSTACEA.
CLASS, ARACHNIDA (SPIDERS).
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS OF INSECTS.
DIFFERENCE IN SIZE BETWEEN THE SEXES.
ORDER, DIPTERA (FLIES).
ORDER, HEMIPTERA (FIELD-BUGS).
ORDER, ORTHOPTERA (CRICKETS AND GRASSHOPPERS).
ORDER, COLEOPTERA (BEETLES).
LAW OF BATTLE.
ORDER LEPIDOPTERA. (BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS.)
SUMMARY AND CONCLUDING REMARKS ON INSECTS.
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS OF FISHES, AMPHIBIANS, AND REPTILES.
ANURA OR BATRACHIA.
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS OF BIRDS.
LAW OF BATTLE.
VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC.
LOVE ANTICS AND DANCES.
DISPLAY BY MALE BIRDS OF THEIR PLUMAGE.
LENGTH OF COURTSHIP.
MENTAL QUALITIES OF BIRDS, AND THEIR TASTE FOR THE BEAUTIFUL.
PREFERENCE FOR PARTICULAR MALES BY THE FEMALES.
VARIABILITY OF BIRDS, AND ESPECIALLY OF THEIR SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS.
FORMATION AND VARIABILITY OF THE OCELLI OR EYE-LIKE SPOTS ON THE PLUMAGE OF BIRDS.
GRADATION OF SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS.
RULES OR CLASSES OF CASES.
WHEN THE ADULT FEMALE IS MORE CONSPICUOUS THAN THE ADULT MALE, THE YOUNG OF BOTH SEXES IN THEIR FIRST PLUMAGE RESEMBLE THE ADULT MALE.
WHEN THE ADULT MALE RESEMBLES THE ADULT FEMALE, THE YOUNG OF BOTH SEXES HAVE A PECULIAR FIRST PLUMAGE OF THEIR OWN.
WHEN THE ADULT MALE RESEMBLES THE ADULT FEMALE, THE YOUNG OF BOTH SEXES IN THEIR FIRST PLUMAGE RESEMBLE THE ADULTS.
WHEN THE ADULTS OF BOTH SEXES HAVE A DISTINCT WINTER AND SUMMER PLUMAGE, WHETHER OR NOT THE MALE DIFFERS FROM THE FEMALE, THE YOUNG RESEMBLE THE ADULTS OF BOTH SEXES IN THEIR WINTER DRESS, OR MUCH MORE RARELY IN THEIR SUMMER DRESS, OR THEY RESEMBLE THE FEMALES ALONE. OR THE YOUNG MAY HAVE AN INTERMEDIATE CHARACTER; OR, AGAIN, THEY MAY DIFFER GREATLY FROM THE ADULTS IN BOTH THEIR SEASONAL PLUMAGES.
THE YOUNG IN THEIR FIRST PLUMAGE DIFFER FROM EACH OTHER ACCORDING TO SEX; THE YOUNG MALES RESEMBLING MORE OR LESS CLOSELY THE ADULT MALES, AND THE YOUNG FEMALES MORE OR LESS CLOSELY THE ADULT FEMALES.
ON THE COLOUR OF THE PLUMAGE IN RELATION TO PROTECTION.
SUMMARY OF THE FOUR CHAPTERS ON BIRDS.
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS OF MAMMALS.
CHOICE IN PAIRING BY EITHER SEX OF QUADRUPEDS.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE HAIR.
COLOUR OF THE HAIR AND OF THE NAKED SKIN.
EQUAL TRANSMISSION OF ORNAMENTAL CHARACTERS TO BOTH SEXES.
SEXUAL SELECTION IN RELATION TO MAN, AND CONCLUSION.
SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS OF MAN.
LAW OF BATTLE.
DIFFERENCE IN THE MENTAL POWERS OF THE TWO SEXES.
VOICE AND MUSICAL POWERS.
THE INFLUENCE OF BEAUTY IN DETERMINING THE MARRIAGES OF MANKIND.
THE CAUSES WHICH PREVENT OR CHECK THE ACTION OF SEXUAL SELECTION WITH SAVAGES.
EARLY BETROTHALS AND SLAVERY OF WOMEN.
THE MANNER OF ACTION OF SEXUAL SELECTION WITH MANKIND.
ABSENCE OF HAIR ON THE BODY, AND ITS DEVELOPMENT ON THE FACE AND HEAD.
COLOUR OF THE SKIN.
GENERAL SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION.
ON SEXUAL SELECTION IN RELATION TO MONKEYS.
Throughout the Western world, people have come to believe that general dissatisfaction can be relieved by some change in their bodies. Here Susie Orbach explains the origins of this condition, and examines its implications for all of us. Challenging the Freudian view that bodily disorders originate and progress in the mind, Orbach argues that we should look at self-mutilation, obesity, anorexia, and plastic surgery on their own terms, through a reading of the body itself. Incorporating the latest research from neuropsychology, as well as case studies from her own practice, she traces many of these fixations back to the relationship between mothers and babies, to anxieties that are transferred unconsciously, at a very deep level, between the two. Orbach reveals how vulnerable our bodies are, how susceptible to every kind of negative stimulus--from a nursing infant sensing a mother's discomfort to a grown man or woman feeling inadequate because of a model on a billboard. That vulnerability makes the stakes right now tremendously high.
In the past several decades, a globalized media has overwhelmed us with images of an idealized, westernized body, and conditioned us to see any exception to that ideal as a problem. The body has become an object, a site of production and commerce in and of itself. Instead of our bodies making things, we now make our bodies. Susie Orbach reveals the true dimensions of the crisis, and points the way toward healing and acceptance.
The interaction between the generally reasonable, rational, ethical, moral conscious mind and the repressed feelings of emotional pain, hurt, sadness, and anger characteristic of the unconscious mind appears to be the basis for mindbody disorders. The Divided Mind traces the history of psychosomatic medicine, including Freud's crucial role, and describes the psychology responsible for the broad range of psychosomatic illness. The failure of medicine's practitioners to recognize and appropriately treat mindbody disorders has produced public health and economic problems of major proportions in the United States.
One of the most important aspects of psychosomatic phenomena is that knowledge and awareness of the process clearly have healing powers. Thousands of people have become pain-free simply by reading Dr. Sarno's previous books. How and why this happens is a fascinating story, and is revealed in The Divided Mind.