Crandall, Samuel B. Treaties, Their Making and Enforcement. Washington, D.C.: John Bryne & Co., 1916. xxxii, 663 pp. Reprint available March, 2005 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-492-4. Cloth. $140. * Reprint of the second edition. Crandall analyzes agency and the right of ratification, the essentials of validity, the reality of consent and the operation of treaties from the date they take effect to their interpretation and termination. It explores treaty-making in the United States in great depth, including treaties made before and during the Articles of Confederation era, and discusses treaty-making in Germany, Great Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, Denmark, Switzerland and other countries. This important treatise was first published in 1904. The second edition is preferable because it is a substantially expanded work.