Hinde, a distinguished scientist, draws on a wide range of psychological, developmental and evolutionary research to explore this fascinating question. This second edition of Why Gods Persist is designed for everyone interested in the subject, either as a student of psychology and anthropology of religion or as a follower of the current controversies over the value of religious belief.
The aim of Advances in the Study of Behavior remains as it has been since the series began: to serve the increasing number of scientists who are engaged in the study of animal behavior by presenting their theoretical ideas and research to their colleagues and to those in neighboring fields. We hope that the series will continue its "contribution to the development of the field", as its intended role was phrased in the Preface to the first volume in 1965. Since that time, traditional areas of animal behavior have achieved new vigor by the links they have formed with related fields and by the closer relationship that now exists between those studying animal and human subjects.
Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 31 continues to serve scientists across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Focusing on new theories and research developments with respect to behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and comparative psychology, these volumes foster cooperation and communications in these dense fields.
The series does not focus narrowly on one or a few fields, but features articles covering the best behavioral work from a wide spectrum. The skill and concepts of scientists in such diverse fields necessarily differ, making the task of developing cooperation and communication among them a difficult one. But it is one that is of great importance, and one to which the editors and publisher of Advances in the Study of Behavior are committed. Each volume of Advances in the Study of Behavior contains an index, and each chapter includes references.
The aim of Advances in the Study of Behavior remains as it has been since the series began: to serve the increasing number of scientists who are engaged in the study of animal behavior by presenting their theoretical ideas and research to their colleagues and to those in neighboring fields. We hope that the series will continue its "contribution to the development of the field," as its intended role was phrased in the Preface to the first volume in 1965. Since that time, traditional areas of animal behavior have achieved new vigor by the links they have formed with related fields and by the closer relationship that now exists between those studying animal and human subjects.
To quell anxiety and panic:
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With his knack for making science intelligible for the layman, and his ability to illuminate scientific concepts through analogy and reference to personal experience, James Zull offers the reader an engrossing and coherent introduction to what neuroscience can tell us about cognitive development through experience, and its implications for education.
Stating that educational change is underway and that the time is ripe to recognize that “the primary objective of education is to understand human learning” and that “all other objectives depend on achieving this understanding”, James Zull challenges the reader to focus on this purpose, first for her or himself, and then for those for whose learning they are responsible.
The book is addressed to all learners and educators – to the reader as self-educator embarked on the journey of lifelong learning, to the reader as parent, and to readers who are educators in schools or university settings, as well as mentors and trainers in the workplace.
In this work, James Zull presents cognitive development as a journey taken by the brain, from an organ of organized cells, blood vessels, and chemicals at birth, through its shaping by experience and environment into potentially to the most powerful and exquisite force in the universe, the human mind.
Zull begins his journey with sensory-motor learning, and how that leads to discovery, and discovery to emotion. He then describes how deeper learning develops, how symbolic systems such as language and numbers emerge as tools for thought, how memory builds a knowledge base, and how memory is then used to create ideas and solve problems. Along the way he prompts us to think of new ways to shape educational experiences from early in life through adulthood, informed by the insight that metacognition lies at the root of all learning.
At a time when we can expect to change jobs and careers frequently during our lifetime, when technology is changing society at break-neck speed, and we have instant access to almost infinite information and opinion, he argues that self-knowledge, awareness of how and why we think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals; and that the transformation of education, in the light of all this and what neuroscience can tell us, is a key element in future development of healthy and productive societies.
Forgetting what is behind sounds great. But how do we do it?
In this dynamic book, you will not only discover how to forget the past, but how your past can become one of your greatest assets!
Neuro examines the implications of this emerging trend, weighing the promises against the perils, and evaluating some widely held concerns about a neurobiological "colonization" of the social and human sciences. Despite identifying many exaggerated claims and premature promises, Neuro argues that the openness provided by the new styles of thought taking shape in neuroscience, with its contemporary conceptions of the neuromolecular, plastic, and social brain, could make possible a new and productive engagement between the social and brain sciences.
Copyright note: Reproduction, including downloading of Joan Miro works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
The only comprehensive reference on this subject, Nutritional Neuroscience discusses the relationship of nutrition to behavior and neuroscience. Following a review of fundamental issues and methods, the book covers the effects of macronutrients and micronutrients on brain function and behavior. Chapters are devoted to the effects of a wide range of foods, specific nutrients, food constituents, and food additives on cognitive behavior and development. The final section examines foods and supplements that modulate brain function.
With a broad range of information presented in a simple and straightforward manner, this book provides an ideal introduction to nutritional neuroscience. The depth of information and comprehensive coverage also make this an essential reference for specialists involved in nutrition, neuroscience, pharmacology, psychology, and related disciplines.
Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases.The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the marketAddresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience communityIncludes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disordersRichly illustrated in full colorExtensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alikeThe online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionalityAn essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists
The interaction between the generally reasonable, rational, ethical, moral conscious mind and the repressed feelings of emotional pain, hurt, sadness, and anger characteristic of the unconscious mind appears to be the basis for mindbody disorders. The Divided Mind traces the history of psychosomatic medicine, including Freud's crucial role, and describes the psychology responsible for the broad range of psychosomatic illness. The failure of medicine's practitioners to recognize and appropriately treat mindbody disorders has produced public health and economic problems of major proportions in the United States.
One of the most important aspects of psychosomatic phenomena is that knowledge and awareness of the process clearly have healing powers. Thousands of people have become pain-free simply by reading Dr. Sarno's previous books. How and why this happens is a fascinating story, and is revealed in The Divided Mind.
Learning features including case studies, review questions and assignments are provided to aid students' understanding and promote a critical approach. Extended critical thinking and skill-builder activities develop the reader's higher-level academic skills.
The first book to present a comprehensive team approach to rehabilitation of ABI survivors, Acquired Brain Injury gives medical and clinical specialists a deeper understanding of not only each other’s roles, but also their complementary functions.
-The medical management of ABI—neurosurgery, neurology, physiatry—and the medical specialties involved—neuropsychiatry, neurourology and neurooptometry
-In-depth discussion of the roles of occupational, speech-language, and balance rehabilitation
-Separate chapters on nursing, neuropsychology, and case management
-Behavioral and emotional challenges common to individuals with ABI
-The importance of addressing family needs
-Case examples throughout illustrating a wide range of injuries, symptoms, and stages of recovery
Based on the editors’ combined experience of more than 40 years in the neuro-rehabilitation field, this comprehensive volume clarifies rehabilitation goals and processes for the physician, rehab specialist, the advanced student, and patients’ advocates. With ABI so prevalent—roughly 1.5 million new cases per year—this book couldn’t be more timely.
Its uniquely clinical focus provides both comprehensive background information, and practical strategies for dealing with common problems with thinking, memory, communication, behaviour and emotional adjustment in both adults and children. The book addresses a wide range of challenges, from those which begin with impairment of consciousness, to those occurring for many years after injury, and presents strategies for maximising participation in all aspects of community life.
The book will be of use to practising clinicians, students in health disciplines relevant to neurorehabilitation, and also to the families of individuals with traumatic brain injury.
This volume explores interdisciplinary research on Attention and interaction of Attention with other cognitive processes including perception, learning, and memory. The papers cover major research on attention in Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology. The volume presents recent advances on attention including binding, dynamics of attention, attention and perceptual organization, attention and consciousness, emotion and attention, development of attention, crossmodal attention, computational modeling of attention, control of actions, attention and memory, and meditation.
International researchers incorporate several new developments in the field, including:
Developmental neurobehavioral genetics
New approaches in bioinformatics
Single gene techniques
Based on various studies of living organisms ranging from primates to rodents to invertebrates, this edition offers a contemporary approach to examining the relationship between the genetic mechanisms in the brain and behavior. The authors examine how past and recent advances in methods and knowledge come together in the comparative genetics of behavior. They introduce the reader to experimental approaches available for the genetic study of emotionality, focusing on the use of animal models.
This edition explores studies in neurogenetic disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, examines genetic traits in personality such as altruism, and evaluates aggression in mice and humans. It also discusses the applications of quantitative methods and molecular genetics in basic and clinical research.
Neurobehavioral Genetics: Methods and Applications, Second Edition brings together new techniques and methods to promote a better understanding of genetics and their effects on behavior. The book is an excellent resource for investigators who want to incorporate genetic methods into neurobehavioral and psychiatric research.
THE NEW BIOLOGY AND THE SEX PROBLEM IN SOCIETY
M. M. KNIGHT, PH.D.
THE INSTITUTIONALIZED SEX TABOO
IVA LOWTHER PETERS, PH.D.
THE SEX PROBLEM IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY
PHYLLIS BLANCHARD, PH.D.
The neuropsychological assessment of elderly persons involves not only the performance-based measurement of various capacities but heavy reliance on reports from caregivers (both formal and informal) about the day to day functioning of the affected person. It also raises important, yet often neglected, ethical concerns. The authors discuss all the measures that detect and discriminate among cognitive disorders of elderly persons, including special measures relevant to caregiver reports, and provide useful tables to assist in differential diagnosis. They also reflect on the ethical issues that often confront the assessor of an elderly individual: informed consent, confidentiality, the right of bodily autonomy and self-determination, and appropriate feedback.
This book will be an invaluable resource for all those called on to evaluate older clients.
Wilson, Winegardner and Ashworth's focus on the survivors' perspective shows how rehabilitation is an interactive process between people with brain injury, health care staff, and others, and gives the survivors the chance to tell their own stories of life before their injury, the nature of the insult, their early treatment, and subsequent rehabilitation.
Presenting practical approaches to help survivors of brain injury achieve functionally relevant and meaningful goals, Life After Brain Injury: Survivors’ Stories will help all those working in rehabilitation understand the principles involved in holistic brain injury rehabilitation and how these principles, combined with theory and models, translate into clinical practice.
This book will be of great interest to anyone who wishes to extend their knowledge of the latest theories and practices involved in making life more manageable for people who have suffered damage to the brain. Life After Brain Injury: Survivors’ Stories will also be essential for clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, and anybody dealing with acquired brain injury whether they be a survivor of a brain injury themselves, a relative, a friend or a carer.
THE PARAMOUNT NEED OF SEX KNOWLEDGE FOR GIRLS AND WOMEN
THE FEMALE SEX ORGANS: THEIR ANATOMY
THE INTERNAL SEX ORGANS
THE EXTERNAL GENITALS
THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE FEMALE SEX ORGANS
FUNCTION OF THE OVARIES
FUNCTION OF THE OTHER GENITAL ORGANS
THE SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERS
THE SEX INSTINCT
ABNORMALITIES OF MENSTRUATION
THE HYGIENE OF MENSTRUATION
FECUNDATION OR FERTILIZATION
THE DISORDERS OF PREGNANCY
WHEN TO ENGAGE A PHYSICIAN
THE SIZE OF THE FETUS
THE AFTERBIRTH (PLACENTA) AND CORD
LACTATION OR NURSING
ABORTION AND MISCARRIAGE
THE MENOPAUSE OR CHANGE OF LIFE
Change of Life in Men
THE HABIT OF MASTURBATION
THE VENEREAL DISEASES
THE EXTENT OF VENEREAL DISEASE
VULVOVAGINITIS IN LITTLE GIRLS
THE CURABILITY OF VENEREAL DISEASE
ALCOHOL, SEX AND VENEREAL DISEASE
MARRIAGE AND GONORRHEA
MARRIAGE AND SYPHILIS
WHO MAY AND WHO MAY NOT MARRY
Exophthalmic Goiter (Basedow's Disease)
Hemophilia, or Bleeders' Disease
Drug Addiction or Narcotism
Excessive Libido in Men
Excessive Libido in Women
BIRTH CONTROL OR THE LIMITATION OF OFFSPRING
A Few Everyday Cases
ADVICE TO GIRLS APPROACHING THE THRESHOLD OF WOMANHOOD
ADVICE TO PARENTS OF UNFORTUNATE GIRLS
SEXUAL RELATIONS DURING MENSTRUATION
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE DURING PREGNANCY
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE FOR PROPAGATION ONLY
ADHERENT CLITORIS OR PHIMOSIS
IS THE ORGASM NECESSARY FOR IMPREGNATION?
FRIGIDITY IN WOMEN
ADVICE TO FRIGID WOMEN, PARTICULARLY WIVES
THE SINGLE STANDARD OF SEXUAL MORALITY
Disastrous Effects of Wrong Teachings
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAN'S AND WOMAN'S SEX AND LOVE LIFE
Choice Between Physical and Spiritual Love
Love in Man Occupies Subordinate Place
Polygamous Tendencies in Man
ADVICE TO THE MARRIED AND THOSE ABOUT TO BE
A RATIONAL DIVORCE SYSTEM
Outsiders in Domestic Tangles
WHAT IS LOVE?
JEALOUSY AND HOW TO COMBAT IT
Causes of Jealousy
REMEDIES FOR JEALOUSY