Special sections on crop growth and development and general management practices offer vital background information on using IPM strategies. The chapter on “Managing Pests in Rice” provides a detailed chart of management considerations that will help you plan your IPM program and predict or prevent potential problems before they occur. Vibrant and colorful photographs and descriptions fill the pest sections (weeds, invertebrates, diseases, and vertebrates) to help identify pests and pest damage. An informative glossary is available for looking up definitions of unfamiliar terms.
What's new in the 3rd Edition?New exotic pest discussionNew detecting, confirming, and managing herbicide resistance sections21 new photos added for diseases, weeds, and vertebratesColor illustrationsNew life cycle illustrations for each disease3 new diseases and 4 new weeds, including Bakanae, Rice Blast, and Red Rice
This revised edition contains a new format making it even easier to study for the DPR exams. In addition to the review questions found at the end of each chapter, this new edition contains knowledge expectations at the beginning of each chapter. These brief statements describe what you are expected to learn after reading that chapter, allowing you to study more effectively for DPR’s pesticide applicator licensing (QAL/QAC) exams. These knowledge expectations are also highlighted in sidebars throughout each chapter, providing a study roadmap so you know which sections of each chapter are most important.
Also new:Updated pesticides table to reflect products available in CaliforniaUpdated information on nematodes, vertebrates, and pathogensExpanded information on environmental hazards, expanded information on personal protective equipment including EPA respirator criteriaUp-to-date information on worker protection standardsExpanded information on pesticide resistanceUpdated compliance guidelines for pesticide use reporting as required by California lawA dedicated chapter covering label reading, including an updated label that reflects current regulations
The Safe and Effective Use of Pesticides provides detailed information for selecting, using, handling, storing, and disposing of pesticides. It emphasizes worker protection, prevention of groundwater contamination, protection of endangered species and wildlife, and reduction of environmental problems.
This is a significant update to the 2nd Edition, so everyone will want to update their reference library with this new edition.
The principles described in this volume apply to all areas of pest control, including agricultural, structural, landscape, greenhouse, and public health applications.
Volume 1 in the Pesticide Application Compendium. This is recommended study material for all categories of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation’s (DPR) Qualified Pesticide Applicator License (QAL) and Qualified Pesticide Applicator Certificate (QAC) exams.
Plant Factory: An Indoor Vertical Farming System for Efficient Quality Food Productionprovides information on a field that is helping to offset the threats that unusual weather and shortages of land and natural resources bring to the food supply.
As alternative options are needed to ensure adequate and efficient production of food, this book represents the only available resource to take a practical approach to the planning, design, and implementation of plant factory (PF) practices to yield food crops. The PF systems described in this book are based on a plant production system with artificial (electric) lights and include case studies providing lessons learned and best practices from both industrial and crop specific programs.
With insights into the economics as well as the science of PF programs, this book is ideal for those in academic as well as industrial settings.Provides full-scope insight on plant farm, from economics and planning to life-cycle assessmentPresents state-of-the-art plant farm science, written by global leaders in plant farm advancementsIncludes case-study examples to provide real-world insights
This book covers the basics and then some. Whether you’re thinking of starting an organic farm or making the transition to organics, whether you’re growing crops or raising animals, you’ll find everything you need to know in these pages—from getting started to developing a marketing strategy. A list of resources also points the way to other books, websites, and organizations focusing on every aspect of organic farming, including state standards and more information.
The book's 435 pages present the practical experience and research-based advice of more than 100 University of California (UC) and industry experts, including:
• Pest-resistant plants and landscape design
• Planting, irrigating, and other cultural practices that keep plants healthy
• Conserving natural enemies to biologically control pests
• Efficient monitoring so you know when to act
• Selective pesticides and when their use may be warranted
• Numerous references to regularly-updated, online guides with more pesticide choices and the latest IPM practices
Inside you'll find:
• 575 high-quality, color photographs to help you recognize the causes of plant damage and identify pests and their natural enemies. 140 more than the previous edition!
• 101 line drawings and charts of pest biology and control techniques
• Problem-solving tables to help you diagnose the pests and maladies of more than 200 genera of alphabetically-listed trees and shrubs
Also in the 3rd Edition are dozens of newly added pests, including those affecting azaleas, camellias, hibiscus, camphor, eucalyptus, liquidambar, oaks, maples, palms, pines, olive, roses, and sycamores.
Integrated Pest Management covers these topics and more. It explores the current ecological approaches in alternative solutions, such as biological control agents, parasites and predators, pathogenic microorganisms, pheromones and natural products as well as ecological approaches for managing invasive pests, rats, suppression of weeds, safety of pollinators, role of taxonomy and remote sensing in IPM and future projections of IPM. This book is a useful resource to entomologists, agronomists, horticulturists, and environmental scientists.Fills a gap in the literature by providing critical analysis of different management strategies that have a bearing on agriculture, sustainability and environmental protection Synthesizes research and practice on integrated pest managementEmphasizes an overview of management strategies, with critical evaluation of each in the larger context of ecologically based pest management
It’s hard to think about beer these days without thinking about hops.
The runaway craft beer market’s convergence with the ever-expanding local foods movement is helping to spur a local-hops renaissance. The demand from craft brewers for local ingredients to make beer—such as hops and barley—is robust and growing. That’s good news for farmers looking to diversify, but the catch is that hops have not been grown commercially in the eastern United States for nearly a century.
Today, farmers from Maine to North Carolina are working hard to respond to the craft brewers’ desperate call for locally grown hops. But questions arise: How best to create hop yards—virtual forests of 18-foot poles that can be expensive to build? How to select hop varieties, and plant and tend the bines, which often take up to three years to reach full production? How to best pick, process, and price them for market? And, how best to manage the fungal diseases and insects that wiped out the eastern hop industry 100 years ago, and which are thriving in the hotter and more humid states thanks to climate change? Answers to these questions can be found in The Hop Grower’s Handbook—the only book on the market about raising hops sustainably, on a small scale, for the commercial craft beer market in the Northeast.
Written by hop farmers and craft brewery owners Laura Ten Eyck and Dietrich Gehring, The Hop Grower’s Handbook is a beautifully photographed and illustrated book that weaves the story of their Helderberg Hop Farm with the colorful history of New York and New England hop farming, relays horticultural information about the unusual hop plant and the mysterious resins it produces that give beer a distinctively bitter flavor, and includes an overview of the numerous native, heirloom, and modern varieties of hops and their purposes. The authors also provide an easy-to-understand explanation of the beer-brewing process—critical for hop growers to understand in order be able to provide the high-quality product brewers want to buy—along with recipes from a few of their favorite home and micro-brewers.
The book also provides readers with detailed information on:
• Selecting, preparing, and designing a hop yard site, including irrigation;
• Tending to the hops, with details on best practices to manage weeds, insects, and diseases; and,
• Harvesting, drying, analyzing, processing, and pricing hops for market.
The overwhelming majority of books and resources devoted to hop production currently available are geared toward the Pacific Northwest’s large-scale commercial growers, who use synthetic pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, and fertilizers and deal with regionally specific climate, soils, weeds, and insect populations. Ten Eyck and Gehring, however, focus on farming hops sustainably. While they relay their experience about growing in a new Northeastern climate subject to the higher temperatures and volatile cycles of drought and deluge brought about by global warming, this book will be an essential resource for home-scale and small-scale commercial hops growers in all regions.
Our best-selling guide for almonds covers 120 different pest problems including diseases, insects and mites, nematodes, vertebrate pests, and weeds; including 10 new insect pests and diseases including anthracnose, Alternaria leaf blight, rust, tenlined June beetle, and leafhoppers.
New in the second edition you'll find:An extensively revised chapter on vertebrate pest management which adds recommendations for control techniques where endangered species occur. A revised and expanded chapter on vegetation management including detailed information on cover crops. A revised section on navel orangeworm, emphasizing cultural control techniques instead of insecticides. A revised section on peach twig borer includes discussions of bloomtime sprays with Bacillus thuringiensis and pheromone mating disruption. Revised and updated tables on susceptibility of rootstocks and scion cultivars to major pests and a detailed index.
This indispensable reference is illustrated with 259 photos, including 33 new color photos, along with 69 line drawings and tables.
The combined knowledge of 42 UC and industry experts and years of research and field trials are brought to fruition in this long awaited, 321-page manual. From an overview of the state of the industry to physiological disorders, the 8-part manual covers everything you need to know.
Chapters cover topics including orchard design; rootstocks and cultivars; planting and training young trees; weed, insect, mite, and vertebrate management; irrigation and salinity management; disease management; and physiological disorders including alternate bearing, nut blanking and shell splitting.
Over 200 color photographs and 60 diagrams, charts, and tables illustrate key points. The back cover includes a photographic guide to the developmental stages of the pistachio.
This easy-to-use reference manual and study guide covers diverse aquatic environments including natural marshes, wetlands, and deltas; irrigation canals and levees; ornamental ponds in parks and golf courses; hatcheries and recreational waters; and municipal water supplies and drinking water reservoirs.
Chapters include information on:
• Identifying weeds in the aquatic environment
• Methods of controlling aquatic weeds
• Identifying and controlling other pests in the aquatic environment
• Laws regulating aquatic environments, pesticide use, and protected species
• Reading and understanding pesticide labels
• Mixing and applying pesticides safely
• Selecting and calibrating aquatic herbicide application equipment
• How to recognize and prevent pesticide poisoning
• How to handle pesticide emergencies
Profusely illustrated with 54 illustrations and over 100 photographs, this reference manual also has 8 tables and 31 sidebars that expand on important points and provide calculation formulas. A helpful glossary and thorough index round out this study tool.
This is the recommended study guide for the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) exams in the Aquatic Pest Control category.
Using this guide you'll learn how to:
• Prevent and diagnose causes of damage
• Identify pests and key natural enemies
• Establish and IPM program for your grove
• Use biological control and other non-chemical methods
• Manage problems related to irrigation, nutrition, and the growing environment
• Determine when direct control actions are warranted
Illustrated with 386 color photographs and 64 line drawings and charts that will help you identify and manage over 100 important pests and disorders.
This manual also details the latest horticultural and disease issues affecting citrus production.
From deciding scion variety and rootstock, to establishing an orchard, to managing production, to postharvest handling, you'll find it all here in a readable format. Colorful photos and clear diagrams and illustrations guide you through important concepts.
Botany and Physiology
Pest and Disease Management
The book commences with three cutting-edge chapters coveringnon-volatile and volatile compounds that determine the flavour ofcoffee. Chapters covering technology follow, includingcomprehensive information on developments in roasting techniques,decaffeination, the science and technology of instant coffee andhome / catering beverage preparation. The physiological effects ofcoffee drinking are considered in a fascinating chapter on coffeeand health. Agronomic aspects of coffee breeding and growing arecovered specifically in chapters concentrating on these aspects,particularly focussing on newly-emerging molecular and cellulartechniques. Finally, recent activities of some internationalorganisations are reviewed in a lengthy appendix.
The editors of Coffee: Recent Developments have drawntogether a comprehensive and extremely important book that shouldbe on the shelves of all those involved in coffee. The book is avital tool for food scientists, food technologists and agriculturalscientists and the commercially important information included inthe book makes it a 'must have reference' to all food companiesinvolved with coffee. All libraries in universities, and researchstations where any aspect of the coffee crop is studied or taughtshould have copies of the book available.
R. J. Clarke, also co-editor of the widely-acclaimed six-volumework Coffee published between 1985 and 1988, is a consultant basedin Chichester U. K.
O. G. Vitzthum, formerly Director of Coffee Chemistry Researchworldwide at Kraft, Jacobs, Suchard in Bremen, Germany is HonoraryProfessor at the Technical University of Braunsweig, Germany andScientific Secretary of the Association Scientifique Internationaledu Cafe (ASIC), in Paris France.
The book covers the utilization of barley germplasm for improving the quality of both food and feed barley as well as exploring and utilizing varieties of germplasm that are tolerant to drought, waterlogged, salt, and acid soil. Chapters are devoted to prime strategies for future research, including identifying barley germplasm by applying Omics, exploring barley germplasm by means of the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), and creating barley germplasm through mutation.
Users will find this book to be a key research reference for both professionals and academics, providing a comprehensive update for established barley researchers that equips them with an understanding of the new methodologies needed for innovation and discovery, while also providing a helpful entry to the subject for young researchers and students.Provides a one-stop shop to acquire a speedy overview of the main and recently applied issues of barley breedingProvides newly-developed methodologies in barley germplasm researchDescribes special genotypes from wild barley, including Tibetan wild barley, which show a high tolerance to abiotic stresses and carry different alleles from cultivated barley
Features a season-by season production calendar with pest and disease control, fertilization, and irrigation tips and a Diagnostic Guide to help you identify crop problems in the field with management options. 12 pages of color plates.
These concepts are put to use to understand plant-environment interactions including canopy dynamics, yield formation, and fruit composition, and concludes with an introduction to stress physiology, including water stress (drought and flooding), nutrient deficiency and excess, extreme temperatures (heat and cold), and the impact and response to of other organisms.
Based on the author’s years of teaching grapevine anatomy as well as his research experience with grapevines and practical experience growing grapes, this book provides an important guide to understanding the entire plant.Chapter 7 broken into two chapters, now "Environmental Constraints and Stress Physiology and Chapter 8 "Living with Other Organisms" to better reflect specific concepts Integration of new research results including: Latest research on implementing drip irrigation to maximize sugar accumulation within grapes Effect of drought stress on grapevine’s hydraulic system and options for optimum plant maintenance in drought conditions The recently discovered plant hormone – strigolactones – and their contribution of apical dominance that has suddenly outdated dogma on apical dominance control Chapter summaries added Key literature references missed in the first edition as well as references to research completed since the 1e publication will be added
Long considered by plant physiologists as a non-essential element, or plant nutrient, silicon was the center of attention at the first international conference on Silicon in Agriculture, held in Florida in 1999.
Ninety scientists, growers, and producers of silicon fertilizer from 19 countries pondered a paradox in plant biology and crop science. They considered the element Si, second only to oxygen in quantity in soils, and absorbed by many plants in amounts roughly equivalent to those of such nutrients as sulfur or magnesium. Some species, including such staples as rice, may contain this element in amounts as great as or even greater than any other inorganic constituent. Compilations of the mineral composition of plants, however, and much of the plant physiological literature largely ignore this element. The participants in Silicon in Agriculture explored that extraordinary discrepancy between the silicon content of plants and that of the plant research enterprise.
The participants, all of whom are active in agricultural science, with an emphasis on crop production, presented, and were presented with, a wealth of evidence that silicon plays a multitude of functions in the real world of plant life. Many soils in the humid tropics are low in plant available silicon, and the same condition holds in warm to hot humid areas elsewhere. Field experience, and experimentation even with nutrient solutions, reveals a multitude of functions of silicon in plant life. Resistance to disease is one, toleration of toxic metals such as aluminum, another. Silicon applications often minimize lodging of cereals (leaning over or even becoming prostrate), and often cause leaves to assume orientations more favorable for light interception. For some crops, rice and sugarcane in particular, spectacular yield responses to silicon application have been obtained. More recently, other crop species including orchids, daisies and yucca were reported to respond to silicon accumulation and plant growth/disease control. The culture solutions used for the hydroponic production of high-priced crops such as cucumbers and roses in many areas (The Netherlands for example) routinely included silicon, mainly for disease control. The biochemistry of silicon in plant cell walls, where most of it is located, is coming increasingly under scrutiny; the element may act as a crosslinking element between carbohydrate polymers.
There is an increased conviction among scientists that the time is at hand to stop treating silicon as a plant biological nonentity. The element exists, and it matters.
This encyclopedic yet easy-to-use 2-volume set covers 262 individual entries, including a full description of 451 species and another 361 plants compared as similar species, representing 63 plant families.
13 shortcut identification tables for groups that share similar, unusual, or relatively uncommon characteristics.
2 grass identification keys - a key to all characteristics including inflorescences and reproductive parts and a key to vegetative characteristics only.
67 tables comparing important characteristics of difficult-to-distinguish weedy species.
Color photos of over 700 weeds including seeds, seedlings, flowers, and mature plants.
Appendix of non-native plants rarely or occasionally naturalized in California.
Glossary of botanical terms.
Bibliography of some of the most pertinent publications.
Index to common names, scientific names, and synonyms.
Each entry describes the plant category, family name, common name, and synonyms along with a summary of the important aspects of the plant’s life cycle, size, growth form, impact, method of introduction, and toxicity. You'll also find a description of the seedling, mature plant, roots and underground structures, flowers, fruits and seeds, spikelets and florets, spore-bearing structures, and post senescence characteristics for each entry. Also includes a description of the habitat where each is typically found and distribution in California, other states, and worldwide, along with maximum elevation at which the species is found.
Rounding out each entry is a description of the methods of reproduction, seed dispersal, germination requirements and conditions, seed survival and longevity, early establishment characteristics and requirements, cultural practices and management options that have proven effective or ineffective in controlling infestations, and a notation of the species' inclusion on federal or state noxious weed lists.
The book begins by discussing soybean production in the United States and worldwide; the uses and economics of soybean products; and the soybean in physiological research. It explains the growth and development of soybeans. It discusses the physiological processes responsible for assimilating the plant body from the environment, namely photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, and nitrate reduction. Subsequent chapters examine the impact of environmental variables—such as light, temperature, water, wind, and pests—on soybean plant characteristics as well as soybean breeding, production, processing, and utilization.
In addition to assisting with crop selection, this handbook addresses the effects of cover cropping on water management, pest management and farm economics.
For California growers, the handbook also discusses differences in cover crop use for the Central Valley, Desert and Coastal regions.
Chapters include:Botany and Species Selection Agricultural Soil Ecology Water Management and Impacts on Water Quality Soil Nitrogen Fertility Management Weeds Soilborne Pathogens
You’ll learn how to establish an IPM program for your nursery, techniques for managing pests in flower and nursery crops, how good cultural practices can nip problems in the bud, disease control techniques for root and crown decays, vascular wilt diseases, and pathogens infecting flowers and foliage, how to identify and manage aphids, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies, mites, nematodes and weeds.
Handy crop tables give you a symptom-based guide for accurately diagnosing problems and the recommended controls for problems affecting 120 major flower and foliage species. Loaded with outstanding color photos and diagrams, references, suppliers, and a comprehensive index -- this an indispensable guide for anyone in the green industry.
Using this manual you’ll learn how to prevent and diagnose causes of damage; identify pests and key natural enemies; establish an IPM program for your field; manage problems related to irrigation, nutrition, and the growing environment; and determine when direct control actions are necessary. This revised manual also includes chapters on strawberry transplant production and managing pests in home garden strawberries.
Covers all aspects of the California system of raisin production from vineyard planting and development, pest management, cultural practices, harvesting, drying, handling, and economic considerations, to inspection and marketing. Chapters on grapevine physiology, growth and development, fruitfulness, fruit ripening and drying, characteristics, and raisin quality factors reveal the latest in technology and best practices.
This 280 page manual is illustrated with 86 color and black and white photographs, 44 tables, and 72 graphs and line drawings. A detailed appendix outlines resources and organizations in the California raisin industry.
Addendum available: In response to fumigant labeling changes revised by U.S. EPA in 2011, California Department of Pesticide Regulation has prepared an addendum to the UC-published fumigant-category applicator study guide. The addendum gives information about the new label-driven requirements and describes how DPR’s field soil fumigation certification program meets EPA’s new soil fumigant training, testing, and label enforcement requirements. The addendum presents each of the newly required safety measures and is available from DPR at http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/license/pubs/fieldfum_studyguide_addendum.pdf.
Genetics will be the dominant language of this century. Those who can “speak it” will acquire direct and deliberate control over all forms of life. But most countries and individuals remain illiterate in what is rapidly becoming the greatest single driver of the global economy.
Wealth will be more concentrated and those with knowledge to sell–both countries and individuals–will be the winners.
Consider what will happen when:
• Your genetic code can be digitally imprinted on an ID card and your insurance company and employer see that you are genetically disposed to, say, heart disease.
• Pharmaceutical products are developed so that you can eat genetically modified broccoli to protect yourself from cancer.
• Cloning will be as common as in vitro fertilization and scientists can influence the genetic design not only of other species but of your own children.
• Creating wealth no longer requires many hands. Lone individuals are giving birth to entire new industries that rapidly become bigger than the economies of most countries on earth, but create very few jobs.
As the Future Catches You resembles no other book. A typical page may contain just a few dozen words. But each seemingly discrete fact is like a chip in an intellectual mosaic that reveals its meaning and beauty only as you step back and see the big picture. Juan Enriquez is like the best teacher you ever had, one who helps you to see something in a new light and makes you say, “Now I get it!”
Juan Enriquez’s main point is that technology is not kind, it does not say “please,” but slams into existing systems and destroys them while creating new ones. Countries and individuals can either surf new and powerful waves of change–or get crushed trying to stop them.
The future is catching us all.
Let it catch you with your eyes wide open.
From the Hardcover edition.
Plant Breeding for the Home Gardener makes it easier than ever to breed and grow your own varieties of vegetables and flowers. This comprehensive and accessible guide explains how to decide what to breed, provides simple explanations on how to cross plants, and features a basic primer on genetics and advanced techniques. Case studies provide breeding examples for favorite plants like daffodils, hollyhocks, roses, sweet corn, and tomatoes.