The authors broaden the conversation to reflect the actual and diverse array of parents and families that play vital roles in students’ collegiate experiences. Particular attention is paid to:
diverse families, including students of color, first-generation college students, and low-income students,an agenda for more inclusive research, theories, and practices with the goal of broadening the conversation to reflect the diverse array of parent and family engagement, andstandards, models, and best practices that might be applied more broadly and modified as needed.As a whole, this volume offers an expanded way of thinking about how higher education understands, engages, and serves the needs of parents and families.
This is the 6th issue of the 41st volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.
Digital leadership is a strategic mindset and set of behaviors that leverages resources to create a meaningful, transparent, and engaging school culture. It takes into account recent changes such as ubiquitous connectivity, open-source technology, mobile devices, and personalization to dramatically shift how schools have been run and structured for over a century. Leading in education becomes exponentially powerful when using technology to your advantage.
Eric Sheninger—“Principal Twitter”—shares his Pillars of Digital Leadership to help readers
The time is now, whether you are a building level or teacher leader, to boldly move schools forward in the digital age.
Frequent visits to the principal's office. Detentions. Suspensions. Expulsions. These are the established tools of school discipline for kids who don't abide by school rules, have a hard time getting along with other kids, don't seem to respect authority, don't seem interested in learning, and are disrupting the learning of their classmates. But there's a big problem with these strategies: They are ineffective for most of the students to whom they are applied.
It's time for a change in course.
Here, Dr. Ross W. Greene presents an enlightened, clear-cut, and practical alternative. Relying on research from the neurosciences, Dr. Greene offers a new conceptual framework for understanding the difficulties of kids with behavioral challenges and explains why traditional discipline isn't effective at addressing these difficulties. Emphasizing the revolutionarily simple and positive notion that kids do well if they can, he persuasively argues that kids with behavioral challenges are not attention-seeking, manipulative, limit-testing, coercive, or unmotivated, but that they lack the skills to behave adaptively. And when adults recognize the true factors underlying difficult behavior and teach kids the skills in increments they can handle, the results are astounding: The kids overcome their obstacles; the frustration of teachers, parents, and classmates diminishes; and the well-being and learning of all students are enhanced.
In Lost at School, Dr. Greene describes how his road-tested, evidence-based approach -- called Collaborative Problem Solving -- can help challenging kids at school.
His lively, compelling narrative includes:
• tools to identify the triggers and lagging skills underlying challenging behavior.
• explicit guidance on how to radically improve interactions with challenging kids -- along with many examples showing how it's done.
• dialogues, Q & A's, and the story, which runs through the book, of one child and his teachers, parents, and school.
• practical guidance for successful planning and collaboration among teachers, parents, administrations, and kids.
Backed by years of experience and research, and written with a powerful sense of hope and achievable change, Lost at School gives teachers and parents the realistic strategies and information to impact the classroom experience of every challenging kid.
This tenth-anniversary, second edition features eight new chapters and a revised and updated original text.
Ken Robinson is one of the world’s most influential voices in education, and his 2006 TED Talk on the subject is the most viewed in the organization’s history. Now, the internationally recognized leader on creativity and human potential focuses on one of the most critical issues of our time: how to transform the nation’s troubled educational system. At a time when standardized testing businesses are raking in huge profits, when many schools are struggling, and students and educators everywhere are suffering under the strain, Robinson points the way forward. He argues for an end to our outmoded industrial educational system and proposes a highly personalized, organic approach that draws on today’s unprecedented technological and professional resources to engage all students, develop their love of learning, and enable them to face the real challenges of the twenty-first century. Filled with anecdotes, observations and recommendations from professionals on the front line of transformative education, case histories, and groundbreaking research—and written with Robinson’s trademark wit and engaging style—Creative Schools will inspire teachers, parents, and policy makers alike to rethink the real nature and purpose of education.
Successful organizations adjust quickly and intelligently toshifts in consumer tastes, political climate, and economicopportunity. How do they do it? The Six Secrets of Changeexplores essential lessons for business and public sector leadersfor thriving in today's complex environment. Fullan draws on hisacclaimed work in bringing about large-scale and substantial changein education reform in both public school systems and universities,as well as engaging in major change initiatives internationally.This book is filled with lessons that are insightful, actionable,and concisely communicable.
"Fullan has an uncanny ability to produce what is needed at thetime it is needed. The six secrets are based in theory, grounded inpractice, powerful in their relationship to each other, anddescribed in ways that enable deep understanding. It is arefreshing change from the surface lists of leadership and changeideas that all too often permeate education and businessliterature." —Vicki Phillips, director of education, Bill& Melinda Gates FoundationIncludes so-called leadership "secrets" that are decoded to beaccessible and usefulOffers illustrative examples from a variety of businesses,health organizations, and public education systemsLays out the six factors to organizational success:collegiality, long-range plans allow for the unknown, nurtureemployees, learning, leadership at all levels, and positivepressure must be inescapableMichael Fullan is the author of the acclaimed best-sellerLeading in a Culture of Change
Fullan convinces us that a leader who attends to all six keyfactors will have an organization that is constantly learning,growing, and thriving.
The authors of this illuminating book identify a comprehensive set of practices and conditions that were key factors for improvement, including school leadership, the professional capacity of the faculty and staff, and a student-centered learning climate. In addition, they analyze the impact of social dynamics, including crime, critically examining the inextricable link between schools and their communities. Putting their data onto a more human scale, they also chronicle the stories of two neighboring schools with very different trajectories. The lessons gleaned from this groundbreaking study will be invaluable for anyone involved with urban education.
"This book represents a call to arms, a call for nursingeducators and programs to step up in our preparation of nurses.This book will incite controversy, wonderful debate, and dialogueamong nurses and others. It is a must-read for every nurse educatorand for every nurse that yearns for nursing to acknowledge andreach for the real difference that nursing can make in safety andquality in health care."
—Beverly Malone, chief executive officer, NationalLeague for Nursing
"This book describes specific steps that will enable a newsystem to improve both nursing formation and patient care. Itprovides a timely and essential element to health carereform."
—David C. Leach, former executive director,Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
"The ideas about caregiving developed here make a profoundlyphilosophical and intellectually innovative contribution tomedicine as well as all healing professions, and to anyoneconcerned with ethics. This groundbreaking work is bothparadigm-shifting and delightful to read."
—Jodi Halpern, author, From Detached Concern toEmpathy: Humanizing Medical Practice
"This book is a landmark work in professional education! It is amust-read for all practicing and aspiring nurse educators,administrators, policy makers, and, yes, nursing students."
—Christine A. Tanner, senior editor, Journal ofNursing Education
"This work has profound implications for nurse executives andfrontline managers."
—Eloise Balasco Cathcart, coordinator, GraduateProgram in Nursing Administration, New York University
This expanded and thoroughly updated edition of the popularanthology contains the articles, book excerpts, and seminal reportsthat define and drive the field of educational leadership today.Filled with critical insights from bestselling authors, educationresearch, and expert practitioners, this comprehensive volumefeatures six primary areas of concern: The Principles ofLeadership; Moral and Trustworthy Leadership; Culture and Change;Leadership for Learning; Diversity and Leadership; The Future ofLeadership.Offers a practical guide for timeless and current thinking oneducational leadershipIncludes works by Peter Senge and Tom SergiovanniFrom Jossey-Bass publishers, a noted leader in the fields ofeducation and leadership
This important resource includes relevant and up-to-datearticles for leaders today on gender, diversity, globalperspectives, standards/testing, e-learning/technology, andcommunity organizing.
Instructional coaching is a research-based, job-embedded approach to instructional intervention that provides the assistance and encouragement necessary to implement school improvement programs. Experienced trainer and researcher Jim Knight describes the "nuts and bolts" of instructional coaching and explains the essential skills that instructional coaches need, including getting teachers on board, providing model lessons, and engaging in reflective conversations. Each user-friendly chapter includes:First-person stories from successful coaches Sidebars highlighting important information A "Going Deeper" section of suggested resources Ready-to-use forms, worksheets, checklists, logs, and reports
This book was written as a stand-alone graduate textbook and serves as a guide and support for creating and managing quality school leader internship programs. It provides step-by-step guidance for interns, their supervisors, and their faculty on how to initiate an internship and evaluate interns' work.
In this updated third edition, the authors have aligned the internship to the revised ISLLC standards, making this book critical for the over 500 leadership preparation programs nationwide and the thousands of school districts that support leadership candidates.
Why do some leaders double their team’s effectiveness, while others seem to drain the energy right out of the room? Using insights gained from more than 100 interviews with school leaders, this book pinpoints the five disciplines that define how Multipliers bring out the best across their schools. By practicing these disciplines, you’ll learn how to:Attract top teachers to your school Create an intense environment that demands people’s best thinking Drive sound decisions by constructing debate and decision-making forums Give your team a sense of ownership for responsibilities and results
The process of literature search and composing a formal literature review can be intimidating. But masters and doctoral candidates in Education and related fields have found academic argumentation to be seamlessly intuitive with the six-step process pioneered by this book. This updated third edition features a wealth of all-new content including: A flowchart that graphically illustrates Machi and McEvoy’s process. Reflective Oversight boxes in each chapter, prompting readers to direct metacognitive activities. Links to online guides and resources. Expanded examples illustrating theoretical concepts.
The time has come to change the context of school leadership!
The role of the principal is pivotal to systemic school change. That is the fundamental message in The Moral Imperative of School Leadership, which extends the discussion begun in Fullan's earlier publication, What’s Worth Fighting for in the Principalship? The author examines the moral purpose of school leadership and its critical role in "changing the context" in which the role is embedded. In this bold step forward, Fullan calls for principals to become agents as well as beneficiaries of the processes of school change. Concepts explored in-depth include:Why "changing the context" should be the main agenda for the principalship Why barriers to the principalship exist Why the principal should be seen as the COO (chief operating officer) of a school Why the role of the principal should figure more prominently within the system
In this book, Susan E. Chase examines these contradictory experiences of power and subjection, drawing on interviews with professional women of various ethnic and racial backgrounds who head schools in rural, small-town, and urban districts across the United States. Chase focuses on the tension, implicit in the language these women use, between ostensibly gender- and race-neutral discourse about professional work and contentious, gendered, and racialized discourse about inequality. Through close analysis of their stories of success, she shows how these women have developed a range of narrative strategies for articulating and coping with their ambiguous empowerment.
Innovative in conception and interdisciplinary in approach, this study contributes to our understanding of how general social processes--the reproduction of culture, the construction of self-understandings--are embodied in the everyday practice of storytelling. It also invites us to listen in new ways to what professional women have to say about their lives.
This hands-on guidebook explains essential statistical and assessment information to help principals make critical and sustainable choices to promote student learning. Broad-based strategies include collecting and analyzing various types of data about student achievement, professional development, allocation of resources, family involvement, and community standards. Part of theLeadership for Learning series, this resource:Supports school leaders in developing and sustaining continuous improvement Links data-based decision making with issues of accountability and shared mission and goals Includes numerous examples and cases, a glossary, school improvement template, sample forms, and data tools
The author examines what it means to be an effective, caring leader who develops meaningful bonds with staff members to establish common core values. This updated edition of a bestseller demonstrates the relationship between caring leadership and moral and ethical choices and expands on the power of caring leadership to transform schools. This revised edition provides veteran and aspiring leaders with:Two new chapters on the art of caring leadership Real-world examples that illustrate what leaders encounter each day Expanded reflective exercises in each chapter
Elaine L. Wilmore’s books have helped countless educators succeed on TExES exams and are widely recognized as the gold standard in TExES preparation. In this comprehensive new guide, she turns her expertise to the exacting standards tested by the Principal exam.
Beginning with a thorough overview, Wilmore delves into case studies that all students will find useful and applicable to their own preparation, and includes: Over four hundred practice questions and a detailed answer key Graphics to clarify complex concepts A clear breakdown of the domains and competencies tested on the exam
Blended is the practical field guide for implementingblended learning techniques in K-12 classrooms. A follow-up to thebestseller Disrupting Class by Clayton M. Christensen,Michael Horn, and Curtis Johnson, this hands-on guide expands uponthe blended learning ideas presented in that book to providepractical implementation guidance for educators seeking toincorporate online learning with traditional classroom time.Readers will find a step-by-step framework upon which to build amore student-centered system, along with essential advice thatprovides the expertise necessary to build the next generation ofK-12 learning environments. Leaders, teachers, and otherstakeholders will gain valuable insight into the process of usingonline learning to the greatest benefit of students, while avoidingmissteps and potential pitfalls.
If online learning has not already rocked your local school, itwill soon. Blended learning is one of the hottest trends ineducation right now, and educators are clamoring for "how-to"guidance. Blended answers the call by providing detailedinformation about the strategy, design, and implementation of asuccessful blended learning program.Discover a useful framework for implementing blendedlearningUnlock the benefits and mitigate the risks of onlinelearningFind answers to the most commonly asked questions surroundingblended learningCreate a more student-centered system that functions as apositive force across grade levels
Educators who loved the ideas presented in DisruptingClass now have a field guide to making it work in a real-worldschool, with expert advice for making the transition smoother forstudents, parents, and teachers alike. For educational leadersseeking more student-centered schools, Blended provides thedefinitive roadmap.
Michael Fullan, working with effective change leaders, provides the skinny on motion leadership, or how to “move” individuals, institutions, and whole systems forward. Cycling from practice to theory and back again, this easy-to-read book offers examples from Fullan’s global experience to help readers:Understand problems and work with change Mobilize peers to collaborate Specialize in capacity building Promote learning as the work of individuals and organizations Make progress and performance results transparent Earn trust by demonstrating integrity and competence Enable others to become motion leaders
This volume delves into the literature to describe exemplarycampus-based programs designed to reduce student departure. Itemphasizes the importance of addressing student departure through amultidisciplinary approach, engaging the whole campus. It proposesnew models for nonresidential students and students from diversebackgrounds, and suggests directions for further research.
Academic and student affairs administrators seekingresearch-based approaches to understanding and reducing studentdeparture will profit from reading this volume. Scholars of thecollege student experience will also find it valuable in definingnew thrusts in research on the student departure process.
Like the best campus novelists, Tuchman entertains with her acidly witty observations of backstage power dynamics and faculty politics, but ultimately Wannabe U is a hard-hitting account of how higher education’s misguided pursuit of success fails us all.
This inspirational resource is a must for leaders who want to connect personal values, vision, and satisfaction to life and work. In this simple, straightforward leadership coaching guide, the authors provide seven keys to gaining fulfillment in your life and work: This inspirational resource is a must for leaders who want to connect personal values, vision, and satisfaction to life and work. In this simple, straightforward leadership coaching guide, the authors provide seven keys to gaining fulfillment in your life and work: Discovering your Purpose Possessing Vision Finding Meaningful Work Energizing Relationships Creating Peace Reviewing, Renewing, and Recommitting Forming Discipline
Perfect Phrases for School Administrators contains features the key words, phrases, acronyms, jargon and buzzwords used in the field of education and training. You can use these words to write teacher evaluations, settle union issues and contract disputes, deal with vendors and sales reps, communicate effectively with staff, deescalate grievances, and more.
Ernest L. Boyer's landmark book Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate challenged the publish-or-perish status quo that dominated the academic landscape for generations. His powerful and enduring argument for a new approach to faculty roles and rewards continues to play a significant part of the national conversation on scholarship in the academy.
Though steeped in tradition, the role of faculty in the academic world has shifted significantly in recent decades. The rise of the non-tenure-track class of professors is well documented. If the historic rule of promotion and tenure is waning, what role can scholarship play in a fragmented, unbundled academy? Boyer offers a still much-needed approach. He calls for a broadened view of scholarship, audaciously refocusing its gaze from the tenure file and to a wider community.
This expanded edition offers, in addition to the original text, a critical introduction that explores the impact of Boyer's views, a call to action for applying Boyer's message to the changing nature of faculty work, and a discussion guide to help readers start a new conversation about how Scholarship Reconsidered applies today.
The topic of management by wandering around is not new, but the authors’ approach is fresh and timely. This current rendition based on the original work by Frase and Hetzel gives new and seasoned administrators smart, practical advice about what to do in critical school leadership circumstances. This text cites more than 20 well-constructed research studies that show how management by wandering around produces desirable outcomes, including:Higher student achievement Improved school culture Higher teacher efficacy
Topics covered include developing meeting agendas, supervising instruction, dealing with marginal teachers, and creating safe campuses.
You’ll uncover how to...
Incorporate ends-based teachingto ensure that the instructional focus is on the ultimate goal of each standard and not just on the basic skills;
Encourage grappling with contentthrough structured techniques such as problem-based learning, questioning, and simulations;
Use cognitive progression,by understanding how the brain learns, to produce real results.
Harness the power of languagein all disciplines, not just in English language arts;
Build executive functionin the brain rather than focusing on academic function alone;
Increase retentionby using learning and practice activities in different ways and by differentiating instruction; and
Becomea true facilitator, not just a responder to students’ questions.
Throughout the book, you’ll find a variety of practical examples from across the curriculum, as well as "Your Turn" opportunities to help you try the ideas in your own classroom.
The future may not be easily defined, but it can be shaped by teachers who are right now preparing the next generation of world citizens.
Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley present a concise framework for successful and sustainable reform that integrates teacher professionalism, community engagement, government policy, and accountability. Drawing from research on traditional methods and new findings from around the globe, the authors offer an absorbing and insightful analysis of three major efforts of the past 25 years, outline the strengths and limitations of each model, and offer a fourth way for achieving dramatic improvement built on:Six Pillars of Purpose that support change Three Principles of Professionalism that drive change Four Catalysts of Coherence that sustain change
The NQT year is notoriously difficult and hard work. Challenges include meeting your new colleagues and making the right first impression, preparing and planning your lessons, managing the mountain of marking and most scary of all . . . being in charge of a whole class by yourself for the first time!
But don't panic - help is at hand from expert teacher and education writer Sue Cowley. In this new edition of her bestselling book, she supports new teachers through the stresses and strains, and the highs and lows of their first year in teaching.
She's there to guide you right from the start of day one, lesson one, with the acknowledgement that "your stomach feels like lead and your mouth feels as dry as the Sahara desert†?. She's there through each term advising on time-saving lesson plans, easy to implement behaviour management tips and how to help children who have special educational needs. She's there right until the end of the year when she ensures that you feel triumphantly on top of report writing and your first parents' evening. All of her methods are tried-and-tested and real life case studies exemplify how (and how not) to put them in to practice.
This new edition has been fully updated with new diagrams and checklists to boost your organisational and time management skills. It also includes refreshed and up-to-date case studies and extra examples for primary school teachers.
Written in Sue Cowley's honest, accessible and down to earth style, How to Survive your First Year in Teaching is a must have for all new teachers embarking on their NQT year.
This book is about "teacherpreneurs"—highly accomplishedclassroom teachers who blur the lines of distinction between thosewho teach in schools and those who lead them. Theseteacherpreneurs embody the concept that teachers canteach as well as lead the transformation of teaching andlearning. It’s about empowering expert teachers who can buoythe image of teaching and enforce standards among their ranks whileall along making sure that their colleagues as well as educationpolicymakers and the public know what works best for students.
The book follows a small group of teacherpreneurs in their firstyear. We join their journey toward becoming teacherleaders whose work is not defined by administrative fiat, but bytheir knowledge of students and drive to influence policies thatallow them and their colleagues to teach more effectively. Theauthors trace the teacherpreneurs' steps—and theirown—in the effort to determine what it means to define andexecute the concept of "teacherpreneurism" in the face of toughdemands and resistant organizational structures.
Through in-depth interviews with and observations of students, teachers, administrators, and police officers, Nolan offers a rich and nuanced account of daily life at a Bronx high school where police patrol the hallways and security and discipline fall under the jurisdiction of the NYPD. She documents how, as law enforcement officials initiate confrontations with students, small infractions often escalate into “police matters” that can lead to summonses to criminal court, arrest, and confinement in juvenile detention centers.
Nolan follows students from the classroom and the cafeteria to the detention hall, the dean’s office, and the criminal court system, clarifying the increasingly intimate relations between the school and the criminal justice system. Placing this trend within the context of recent social and economic changes, as well as developments within criminal justice and urban school reform, she shows how this police presence has created a culture of control in which penal management overshadows educational innovation.
Police in the Hallways also examines the prevalent forms of oppositional behavior through which students express their frustrations and their deep sense of exclusion. With compassion and clear-eyed analysis, Nolan sounds a warning about this alarming convergence of prison and school cultures and the negative impact that it has on the real lives of low-income students of color—and, in turn, on us all.
The book focuses on the why, how and what of distributed leadership by offering a practical insight into what it looks like in schools. It argues that our new system leaders are already in schools and that the main challenge is to develop them and maximise their collective capacity to make a difference. Drawing on the ‘Developing Leaders Programme’, which aimed to develop young leaders in schools, it provides practical examples and case-study evidence of distributed leadership in action. The main aims of the book are to:provide a clear account of more widely distributed leadership offer evidence about its positive impact on organisational and individual learning give case-study exemplars and practical illustrations of how it works in practice.
The book also considers the leadership of networks and the new forms of partnership schools are engaged in. It looks at how lateral capacity is built and the part distributed leadership plays in generating leadership capacity between schools. It will be of interest to headteachers, aspiring school leaders, teachers and educational professionals.
Emphasis on competency-based leadership requirements
Research-based models, tips, snapshots, best-practices, and recommendations
Unique discussion of the assistant principal as a student advocate
Organizational strategies, professional growth activities, and operational models for program implementation
Specific leadership responsibilities for school climate, personnel administration, professional development, and performance appraisal
Case studies and discussion questions to foster applied learning
Features new to this edition include:
Sample thematic units to make your lessons more authentic and immersive
New strategies for using technology to differentiate world language instruction
Additional checklists, rubrics, and feedback forms to help you organize your lesson plans and track students’ progress
New connections to the Common Core State Standards, the ACTFL Standards, Webb’s Depth of Knowledge, and Bloom’s Taxonomy
You’ll also learn how to differentiate assessment effectively to help all students show their full potential. Classroom-ready tools and templates can be downloaded as free eResources from our website (www.routledge.com/9781138906181) for immediate use.
But so many things get in the way: unruly kids, disagreeable parents, homes so broken it is beyond imagining, bureaucracy and red tape, the influence of technology and the media, a culture that celebrates misguided values, and most intrusively, government regulations that purport to improve teaching and learning, but in fact, are destroying it.
The Teachers’ Lounge (Uncensored) gives you a peek inside that classroom. Kelly Flynn takes readers by the hand and says, “Come inside my school, walk a mile in my halls, and then we’ll talk about education reform.”
With breathtaking clarity and a healthy dose of humor Kelly Flynn shares with readers what all teachers know; that when you teach in a public school there are days that you laugh, days that you cry, and days that you laugh until you cry. Each student is surprisingly, delightfully, wildly different, which is precisely why one-size-fits-all education does not work.
Distributed leadership—engaging the many rather than the few in school improvement—has long been a promising theory. It’s time to make it a reality. This book shows why harnessing educators’ collective expertise leads to better student outcomes, and details the collaborative processes to make distributed leadership happen. Insights include:How to translate the research on distributed leadership into tangible results for your school Methods for building the social capital necessary for sustainable institutional change How to distribute leadership widely and wisely through professional collaboration
An eye-opening and at times controversial insider's look at the current state of higher education in America, from one of the nation's most distinguished and down-to-earth university presidents.
At a time when daily news headlines scream of competitive college enrollments, skyrocketing tuition, campus violence, alcohol and drug abuse, and other campus scandals, the former president of The George Washington University tells it like it really is.
Educated at Columbia, Yale, and Harvard universities, with a membership in Phi Beta Kappa, more than fifteen honorary doctorates, four books, and numerous published articles, Stephen Joel Trachtenberg is one of the leading voices in American higher education. Here he brings his thirty years of experience, wisdom, and wit to reveal what goes on behind the scenes in the difficult and rewarding challenge of running a university. Using wonderful anecdotes from his own life, Trachtenberg explains with compassion and his trademark humor the insight he has gained from the halls of learning.
For parents who will write big checks to send their sons and daughters to college, for businesspeople of all kinds looking for leadership lessons, and for anyone invested in America's system of higher education, this book is a major work about the importance of sustaining our nation's natural brain trust.
School administrators, teachers, human resources professionals, and managers and supervisors in any workplace will greatly benefit from the insights in this volume. It is a unique compilation of findings from the social science, business, and legal fields. One of the truly unique features of this work is its emphasis on multicultural perspectives. It also reviews legal cases and presents actual tools for sexual harassment policies, procedures, and training programs in educational institutions and workplaces alike.