The first major bioterror event in the United States-the anthrax attacks in October 2001-was a clarion call for scientists who work with “hot” agents to find ways of protecting civilian populations against biological weapons. In The Demon in the Freezer, his first nonfiction book since The Hot Zone, a #1 New York Times bestseller, Richard Preston takes us into the heart of Usamriid, the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland, once the headquarters of the U.S. biological weapons program and now the epicenter of national biodefense.
Peter Jahrling, the top scientist at Usamriid, a wry virologist who cut his teeth on Ebola, one of the world’s most lethal emerging viruses, has ORCON security clearance that gives him access to top secret information on bioweapons. His most urgent priority is to develop a drug that will take on smallpox-and win. Eradicated from the planet in 1979 in one of the great triumphs of modern science, the smallpox virus now resides, officially, in only two high-security freezers-at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta and in Siberia, at a Russian virology institute called Vector. But the demon in the freezer has been set loose. It is almost certain that illegal stocks are in the possession of hostile states, including Iraq and North Korea. Jahrling is haunted by the thought that biologists in secret labs are using genetic engineering to create a new superpox virus, a smallpox resistant to all vaccines.
Usamriid went into a state of Delta Alert on September 11 and activated its emergency response teams when the first anthrax letters were opened in New York and Washington, D.C. Preston reports, in unprecedented detail, on the government’ s response to the attacks and takes us into the ongoing FBI investigation. His story is based on interviews with top-level FBI agents and with Dr. Steven Hatfill.
Jahrling is leading a team of scientists doing controversial experiments with live smallpox virus at CDC. Preston takes us into the lab where Jahrling is reawakening smallpox and explains, with cool and devastating precision, what may be at stake if his last bold experiment fails.
This user-friendly guide explains high-performance fasteners, plumbing, and all the other hardware used by racers, rodders, restorers and all other auto enthusiasts. Subjects include hose sizes, fittings, materials, routing and installation tips, heat shielding, brake, fuel, coolant, and oil lines, as well as fastener technology such as thread sizing, clamping loads, bolt stretch, and fastener styles.
Every NASCAR fan—at one time or another—asks the same question: Why isn’t my favorite driver winning? This is your chance to discover how much more there is to NASCAR than “Go fast, turn left and don’t crash.” If you’ve ever wondered why racecars don’t have mufflers, how “bump drafting” works, or what in the world “Let’s go up a pound on the right rear and add half a round of wedge” means, The Physics of NASCAR is for you.
In this fast-paced investigation into the adrenaline-pumping world of NASCAR, a physicist with a passion uncovers what happens when the rubber hits the road and 800-horsepower vehicles compete at 190 miles per hour only inches from one another.
Diandra Leslie-Pelecky reveals how and why drivers trust the engineering and science their teams literally build around them not only to get them across the finish line in first place, but also to keep them alive. Leslie-Pelecky is a physicist in love with the sport’s beauty and power and is uniquely qualified to explain exactly how physics translates into winning races.
Based on the author’s extensive access to race shops, pit crews, crew chiefs and mechanics, this book traces the life cycle of a race car from behind the scenes at top race shops to the track. The Physics of NASCAR takes readers right into the ultra competitive world of NASCAR, from the champion driver’s hot seat behind the detachable steering wheel to the New Zealander nicknamed Kiwi in charge of shocks for the No. 19 car.
Diandra Leslie-Pelecky tells her story in terms anyone who drives a car—and maybe occasionally looks under the hood--can understand. How do drivers walk away from serious crashes? How can two cars travel faster together than either car can on its own? How do you dress for a 1800°F gasoline fire? In simple yet detailed, high-octane prose, this is the ultimate thrill ride for armchair speed demons, auto science buffs, and NASCAR fans at every level of interest.
Readers, start your engines.
The coverage of this book is based on the syllabus requirements of the BTEC First in Vehicle Technology, BTEC National in Vehicle Repair and Technology, and the IMI Certificate and Diploma in Vehicle Maintenance and Repair, but will help all automotive students and apprentices at levels 2 and 3 and up to and including HNC/HND, foundation and first degree with their studies and in achieving the Key Skill 'Application of Number' at levels 2 and 3. The book is designed to cater for both light and heavy vehicle courses.
Full worked solutions of most exercises are available as a free download for lecturers only from http://textbooks.elsevier.com.
Allan Bonnick is a motor vehicle education and training consultant and was formerly Head of Motor Vehicle Engineering, Eastbourne College. He is the author of several established automotive engineering textbooks.
Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage.
The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science.Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plantsDiscusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one bookReviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic oreIndustrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources
Now in its Seventh Edition, this renowned book is a standard reference for the mineral processing industry. Chapters deal with each of the major processing techniques, and coverage includes the latest technical developments in the processing of increasingly complex refractory ores, new equipment and process routes. This new edition has been prepared by the prestigious J K Minerals Research Centre of Australia, which contributes its world-class expertise and ensures that this will continue to be the book of choice for professionals and students in this field.
This latest edition highlights the developments and the challenges facing the mineral processor, particularly with regard to the environmental problems posed in improving the efficiency of the existing processes and also in dealing with the waste created. The work is fully indexed and referenced.
· The classic mineral processing text, revised and updated by a prestigious new team
· Provides a clear exposition of the principles and practice of mineral processing, with examples taken from practice
· Covers the latest technological developments and highlights the challenges facing the mineral processor
· New sections on environmental problems, improving the efficiency of existing processes and dealing with waste.
Written by an expert with decades of experience as an automotive and diesel technician and instructor, Truck and Trailer Systems offers comprehensive information on medium- and heavy-duty truck service. The book begins by discussing the trucking industry, professional certifications, safety, tools, and measuring equipment. Then, each system is thoroughly covered--from electrical and lighting to brakes and transmissions.
Factory procedures from the most common manufacturers for diagnosis and repair are presented along with annotated photos and diagrams. This practical, authoritative resource is essential for those starting out in the field as well as experienced professionals in need of a detailed, on-the-job reference.
Chapters include:Objectives Notes Cautions Service tips Photos and diagrams Chapter reviews
Truck and Trailer Systems covers:Industry safety Basic electrical Magnetism Batteries Starting system Charging system Lighting and wiring Computer systems Mobile heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems Tires, wheels, and wheel end systems Frames and suspensions Steering systems Trailers and fifth wheels Hydraulic brake systems Air brake foundation brakes Air brake air systems Antilock brake systems Drive lines Clutches Drive axles Single and twin countershaft manual transmissions Automated manual transmissions Automatic transmissions Allison transmission overhaul PMI Auxiliary power units
Covers everything you need to know about pneumatic tires and their impact on vehicle performance, including mathematic modeling and its practical application
Written by the acknowledged world authority on the topic and the name behind the most widely used model, Pacejka’s ‘Magic Formula’
Updated with the latest information on new and evolving tire models to ensure you can select the right model for your needs, apply it appropriately and understand its limitations
In this well-known resource, leading tire model expert Hans Pacejka explains the relationship between operational variables, vehicle variables and tire modeling, taking you on a journey through the effective modeling of complex tire and vehicle dynamics problems.
Covering the latest developments to Pacejka's own industry-leading model as well as the widely-used models of other pioneers in the field, the book combines theory, guidance, discussion and insight in one comprehensive reference.
While the details of individual tire models are available in technical papers published by SAE, FISITA and other automotive organizations, Tire and Vehicle Dynamics remains the only reliable collection of information on the topic and the standard go-to resource for any engineer or researcher working in the area.New edition of the definitive book on tire mechanics, by the acknowledged world authority on the topicCovers everything an automotive engineer needs to know about pneumatic tires and their impact on vehicle performance, including mathematic modelling and its practical applicationMost vehicle manufacturers use what is commonly known as Pacejka’s ‘Magic Formula’, the tire model developed and presented in this book
New in the Third Edition:
Computer-aided calculation of phase diagrams Recent developments in metallic glasses The Scheil method of calculating a CCT diagram from a TTT diagram Expanded treatment of the nucleation and growth of polygonal ferrite and bainite New case studies covering copper precipitation hardening of very low carbon bainitic steel and very fine carbide-free bainite Detailed treatment of strain-induced martensite provides a theoretical background to transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels
Unique Presentation Links Theory to Application
Adding new case studies, detailed examples, and exercises drawn from current applications, the third edition keeps the previous editions’ popular easy-to -follow style and excellent mix of basic and advanced information, making it ideal for those new to the field. The book’s unique presentation links basic understanding of theory with application in a gradually progressive yet exciting manner. Based on the author’s teaching notes, the book takes a pedagogical approach and provides examples for applications and problems that can be readily used for exercises.
PowerPoint© illustrations available with qualifying course adoptions
In 2007, the X Prize Foundation announced that it would give $10 million to anyone who could build a safe, mass-producible car that could travel 100 miles on the energy equivalent of a gallon of gas. The challenge attracted more than one hundred teams from all over the world, including dozens of amateurs. Many designed their cars entirely from scratch, rejecting decades of thinking about what a car should look like.
Jason Fagone follows four of those teams from the build stage to the final race and beyond—into a world in which destiny hangs on a low drag coefficient and a lug nut can be a beautiful talisman. The result is a gripping story of crazy collaboration, absurd risks, colossal hopes, and poignant losses. In an old pole barn in central Illinois, childhood sweethearts hack together an electric-powered dreamboat, using scavenged parts, forging their own steel, and burning through their life savings. In Virginia, an impassioned entrepreneur and his hand-picked squad of speed freaks pool their imaginations and build a car so light that you can push it across the floor with your thumb. In West Philly, a group of disaffected high school students come into their own as they create a hybrid car with the engine of a Harley motorcycle. And in Southern California, the early favorite—a start-up backed by millions in venture capital—designs a car that looks like an alien egg.
Ingenious is a joyride. Fagone takes us into the garages and the minds of the inventors, capturing the fractious yet beautiful process of engineering a bespoke machine. Suspenseful and bighearted, this is the story of ordinary people risking failure, economic ruin, and ridicule to create something vital that Detroit had never pulled off. As the Illinois team wrote in chalk on the wall of their barn, "SOMEBODY HAS TO DO SOMETHING. THAT SOMEBODY IS US."
This Level 1 Student Worksheets book contains tasks that help you develop practical skills and prepare you for assessment. The tasks also reinforce the automotive theory that you will learn online and in the classroom. Each worksheet covers individual topics in a step-by-step manner, detailing how to carry out all of the most important tasks contained within the syllabus. Alongside each of these worksheets is a job card that can be filled in and used as evidence towards your qualification.Endorsed by the Institute of the Motor Industry for all of their Level 1 automotive courses. Step-by-step guides to the practical tasks required at all Level 1 qualifications. Job sheets for students to complete and feedback sheets for assessors to complete.
Essential reading for all those involved in the trade and insurance assessment, as well as for professional vehicle restorers and DIY enthusiasts working on the restoration or adaptation of classic and modern cars.
Now, new third generation Al-Li alloys with significantly reduced lithium content and other improvements are promising a revival for Al-Li applications in modern aircraft and aerospace vehicles. Over the last few years, these newer Al-Li alloys have attracted increasing global interest for widespread applications in the aerospace industry largely because of soaring fuel costs and the development of a new generation of civil and military aircraft. This contributed book, featuring many of the top researchers in the field, is the first up-to-date international reference for Al-Li material research, alloy development, structural design and aerospace systems engineering.Provides a complete treatment of the new generation of low-density AL-Li alloys, including microstructure, mechanical behavoir, processing and applicationsCovers the history of earlier generation AL-Li alloys, their basic problems, why they were never widely used, and why the new third generation Al-Li alloys could eventually replace not only traditional aluminum alloys but more expensive composite materialsContains two full chapters devoted to applications in the aircraft and aerospace fields, where the lighter, stronger Al-Li alloys mean better performing, more fuel-efficient aircraft
Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Nickel-Base Alloysdescribes the fundamental metallurgical principles that control themicrostructure and properties of welded Ni-base alloys. It servesas a practical how-to guide that enables engineers to select theproper alloys, filler metals, heat treatments, and weldingconditions to ensure that failures are avoided during fabricationand service. Chapter coverage includes:Alloying additions, phase diagrams, and phase stabilitySolid-solution strengthened Ni-base alloysPrecipitation strengthened Ni-base alloysOxide dispersion strengthened alloys and nickel aluminidesRepair welding of Ni-base alloysDissimilar weldingWeldability testingHigh-chromium alloys used in nuclear power applications
With its excellent balance between the fundamentals andpractical problem solving, the book serves as an ideal referencefor scientists, engineers, and technicians, as well as a textbookfor undergraduate and graduate courses in welding metallurgy.
With its revised illustrations and several updates in the text and list of references, this new edition already includes a number of improvements over the first edition.
The eighth edition of this classic text has been updated to provide a balanced coverage of properties, characterization, phase transformations, crystal structure, and corrosion not available in other texts, and includes updated illustrations along with extensive new real-world examples and homework problems.Renowned coverage of metals and alloys from one of the world's leading metallurgy educatorsCovers new materials characterization techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and nanoindentationProvides the most thorough coverage of characterization, mechanical properties, surface engineering and corrosion of any textbook in its fieldIncludes new worked examples with real-world applications, case studies, extensive homework exercises, and a full online solutions manual and image bank
• It is the first comprehensive text ever written on the subject of duplex systems, which is the generic term for painted hot-dip galvanized steel.
• Both the traditional batch hot-dip galvanizing process and the modern sheet galvanizing processes are covered.
• The author offers a combination of practical information, which will enable the engineer to select the proper materials, and scientific background information.
• The practical guidelines are backed up and supported by an impressive amount of technical and scientific discussions and justifications.
• Modern surface analysis tools and recent applications are described.
• The world literature on the subject matter is covered and is up to date.
Duplex systems, which are based on the synergistic effect of galvanizing and painting, offer maximum protection against corrosion of steel surfaces in environments where galvanized steel alone cannot offer a sufficiently long resistance against rust formation. Since adhesion problems can be eliminated by the correct application of special paint products, and by sophisticated surface pretreatment and modern surface analyzing methods, duplex systems are nowadays used in a large number of industrial and domestic applications. Major savings can thus be achieved on materials and maintenance cost. Duplex systems serve also where colour is required, e.g. for aesthetic reasons, for enhancing visibility or for camouflaging.
The author of this book has an unsurpassed experience in this field and the many case histories of successful (and unsuccessful) use of duplex systems for corrosion prevention provide a wealth of practical information. Including 108 colour illustrations, the book will be useful to a large group of industries, such as the paint, metallurgical, galvanizing, building, automotive, electrical and chemical industries.
A handbook on theory and application of turbocharging for street and high-performance use, this book covers high performance cars and trucks. This comprehensive guide features sections on theory, indepth coverage of turbocharging components, fabricating systems, engine building and testing, aftermarket options and project vehicles.
This in–depth market and technology report surveys the markets, applications and manufacturing processes for metal powders. Coverage is given to both ferrous and non–ferrous metal powders with the emphasis on the more commercially significant materials such as iron and steel, stainless and tool steels, copper and copper–base alloys, aluminium, tin and nickel. Current and future markets are reviewed from a global perspective: consumption figures are analyzed for the major economic zones: Northern America, Europe, Japan. The major factors likely to impact on future metal powder consumption are examined and forecasts are presented for the main categories to the end of the decade. The report is completed by a comprehensive global survey of the relevant activities of the major powder–producing companies and industry trade associations.
Bringing together key topics, including the chassis frame, tyres, suspension, steering and brakes, this is the first text to cover all the essential elements of race car design in one student-friendly textbook.
Race Car Design:
- Features a wealth of illustrations, including a full-colour plate section
- Demonstrates the important role of computer tools
- Uses dozens of clear examples and calculations to illustrate both theory and practical applications
- Is written by an experienced author, known for his engaging and accessible style
This book is an ideal accompaniment for motorsport engineering students and is the best possible resource for those involved in Formula Student/FSAE. It is also a valuable guide for practising car designers and enthusiasts.
Organized in 13 chapters, this book begins with explaining the fundamentals of materials, their basic building units, atomic bonding and crystal structure, further describing the role of imperfections on the behaviour of metals and alloys. The book then explains dislocation theory in a simplified yet analytical manner. The destructive and non-destructive testing methods are discussed, and the interpreted test data are then examined critically.
Specifically designed for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, the book will be equally beneficial for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Mechanical engineering and related disciplines. Besides, the book will also be useful for the practising engineers.
KEY FEATURES :
Practical Manual in the form of Appendices
Question Bank along with solutions
200 Objective Type Questions (all from the GATE examination)
Glossary of terms
Contents : Preface 1. NATURE OF MATERIALS 2. CRYSTAL IMPERFECTIONS 3. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 4. DISLOCATION THEORY 5. DEFORMATION OF METALS 6. STRENGTHENING MECHANISMS IN MATERIALS 7. FRACTURE 8. TENSILE BEHAVIOUR 9. HARDNESS TESTING 10. DUCTILE-BRITTLE TRANSITION BEHAVIOUR AND FRACTURE TOUGHNESS TEST 11. FATIGUE BEHAVIOUR 12. CREEP BEHAVIOUR 13. NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING Glossary • Question Bank Appendices • Bibliography Index