Smaller is better when it comes to the semiconductor transistor. Nanoscale Silicon Devices examines the growth of semiconductor device miniaturization and related advances in material, device, circuit, and system design, and highlights the use of device scaling within the semiconductor industry. Device scaling, the practice of continuously scaling down the size of metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs), has significantly improved the performance of small computers, mobile phones, and similar devices. The practice has resulted in smaller delay time and higher device density in a chip without an increase in power consumption.
This book covers recent advancements and considers the future prospects of nanoscale silicon (Si) devices. It provides an introduction to new concepts (including variability in scaled MOSFETs, thermal effects, spintronics-based nonvolatile computing systems, spin-based qubits, magnetoelectric devices, NEMS devices, tunnel FETs, dopant engineering, and single-electron transfer), new materials (such as high-k dielectrics and germanium), and new device structures in three dimensions. It covers the fundamentals of such devices, describes the physics and modeling of these devices, and advocates further device scaling and minimization of energy consumption in future large-scale integrated circuits (VLSI).
Additional coverage includes:
Physics of nm scaled devices in terms of quantum mechanics Advanced 3D transistors: tri-gate structure and thermal effects Variability in scaled MOSFET Spintronics on Si platform NEMS devices for switching, memory, and sensor applications The concept of ballistic transport The present status of the transistor variability and more
An indispensable resource, Nanoscale Silicon Devices serves device engineers and academic researchers (including graduate students) in the fields of electron devices, solid-state physics, and nanotechnology.
With the transistor reaching its limits and new device designs and paradigms of operation being explored, this timely resource delivers the simulation methods needed to properly model state-of-the-art nanoscale devices. The first part examines semiclassical transport methods, including drift-diffusion, hydrodynamic, and Monte Carlo methods for solving the Boltzmann transport equation. Details regarding numerical implementation and sample codes are provided as templates for sophisticated simulation software.
The second part introduces the density gradient method, quantum hydrodynamics, and the concept of effective potentials used to account for quantum-mechanical space quantization effects in particle-based simulators. Highlighting the need for quantum transport approaches, it describes various quantum effects that appear in current and future devices being mass-produced or fabricated as a proof of concept. In this context, it introduces the concept of effective potential used to approximately include quantum-mechanical space-quantization effects within the semiclassical particle-based device simulation scheme.
Addressing the practical aspects of computational electronics, this authoritative resource concludes by addressing some of the open questions related to quantum transport not covered in most books. Complete with self-study problems and numerous examples throughout, this book supplies readers with the practical understanding required to create their own simulators.