Drawing upon the interdisciplinary nature of cognitive science, this book presents a broadened perspective on mathematics and mathematical reasoning. It represents a move away from the traditional notion of reasoning as "abstract" and "disembodied", to the contemporary view that it is "embodied" and "imaginative." From this perspective, mathematical reasoning involves reasoning with structures that emerge from our bodily experiences as we interact with the environment; these structures extend beyond finitary propositional representations. Mathematical reasoning is imaginative in the sense that it utilizes a number of powerful, illuminating devices that structure these concrete experiences and transform them into models for abstract thought. These "thinking tools"--analogy, metaphor, metonymy, and imagery--play an important role in mathematical reasoning, as the chapters in this book demonstrate, yet their potential for enhancing learning in the domain has received little recognition.
This book is an attempt to fill this void. Drawing upon backgrounds in mathematics education, educational psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive science, the chapter authors provide a rich and comprehensive analysis of mathematical reasoning. New and exciting perspectives are presented on the nature of mathematics (e.g., "mind-based mathematics"), on the array of powerful cognitive tools for reasoning (e.g., "analogy and metaphor"), and on the different ways these tools can facilitate mathematical reasoning. Examples are drawn from the reasoning of the preschool child to that of the adult learner.
The multifaceted analysis of young children's development of mathematical and analogical reasoning focuses on individual learners, their learning environments, and the interaction between the two. The multidisciplinary team of authors present multiple perspectives and multiple methodologies, and provide valuable information on organizing and sustaining interdisciplinary and cross-cultural inquiry. Key issues addressed include:
*the relationship between mathematical and analogical reasoning;
*how changes in children's reasoning relate to the implicit instruction they receive in their classrooms;
*analyses of the participating teachers' knowledge, beliefs, and practices with respect to mathematical and analogical reasoning of young learners; and
*ways in which we might promote development of mathematical and analogical reasoning in young children.
This volume is highly relevant for mathematics educators, researchers in mathematics education, educational psychologists, early childhood teachers, and others interested in mathematical development of young children, in particular, the development of their reasoning processes.
priorities in international mathematics education research
lifelong democratic access to powerful mathematical ideas
advances in research methodologies
influences of advanced technologies.
Each of these themes is examined in terms of learners, teachers, and learning contexts, with theory development being an important component of all these aspects. This edition also examines other catalysts that have gained increased import in recent years including a stronger focus on the teacher and teacher practice, a renewed interest in theory development, an increased focus on the mathematics needed in work place settings, and a proliferation of research designs and methodologies that have provided unprecedented opportunities for investigating (and ultimately improving) mathematical teaching and learning. This edition includes ten totally new chapters; all other chapters are thoroughly revised and updated.
New perspectives are presented on a range of critical topics including embodied learning, the theory-practice divide, new developments in the early years, educating future mathematics education professors, problem solving in a 21st century curriculum, culture and mathematics learning, complex systems, critical analysis of design-based research, multimodal technologies, and e-textbooks. Comprised of 12 revised and 17 new chapters, this edition extends the Handbook’s original themes for international research in mathematics education and remains in the process a definitive resource for the field.
The volume comprises a collection of accounts of classroom studies, each complemented by the reaction of an eminent researcher. The accounts and reactions are written to expose the nature of methodology of classroom research. It argues that methodology encompasses the choice of methods and the researchers' beliefs and values.
Not simply an application of cognitive science, however, this book provides a new perspective on mathematics education by examining the nature of mathematical concepts and processes, how and why they are taught, why certain approaches appear more effective than others, and how children might be assisted to become more mathematically powerful. The authors use recent theories of analogy and knowledge representation -- combined with research on teaching practice -- to find ways of helping children form links and correspondences between different concepts, so as to overcome problems associated with fragmented knowledge. In so doing, they have capitalized on new insights into the values and limitations of using concrete teaching aids which can be analyzed in terms of analogy theory.
In addition to addressing the role of understanding, the authors have analyzed skill acquisition models in terms of their implications for the development of mathematical competence. They place strong emphasis on the development of students' mathematical reasoning and problem solving skills to promote flexible use of knowledge. The book further demonstrates how children have a number of general problem solving skills at their disposal which they can apply independently to the solution of novel problems, resulting in the enhancement of their mathematical knowledge.
Hollywood actress and math whiz Danica McKellar has completely shattered the “math nerd” stereotype. For years, she’s been showing girls how to feel confident and ace their math classes – with style! With Girls Get Curves, she applies her winning techniques to high school geometry, giving readers the tools they need to feel great and totally “get” everything from congruent triangles to theorems, and more. Inside you’ll find:
· Time-saving tips and tricks for homework and tests
· Illuminating practice problems (and proofs!) with detailed solutions
· Totally relatable real-world examples
· True stories from Danica’s own life as an actress and math student
· A Troubleshooting Guide, for getting unstuck during even the trickiest proofs!
With Danica as a coach, girls everywhere can stop hiding from their homework and watch their scores rise!
The Magic of Math is the math book you wish you had in school. Using a delightful assortment of examples—from ice cream scoops and poker hands to measuring mountains and making magic squares—this book empowers you to see the beauty, simplicity, and truly magical properties behind those formulas and equations that once left your head spinning. You'll learn the key ideas of classic areas of mathematics like arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus, but you'll also have fun fooling around with Fibonacci numbers, investigating infinity, and marveling over mathematical magic tricks that will make you look like a math genius!
A mathematician who is known throughout the world as the “mathemagician,” Arthur Benjamin mixes mathematics and magic to make the subject fun, attractive, and easy to understand. In The Magic of Math, Benjamin does more than just teach skills: with a tip of his magic hat, he takes you on as his apprentice to teach you how to appreciate math the way he does. He motivates you to learn something new about how to solve for x, because there is real pleasure to be found in the solution to a challenging problem or in using numbers to do something useful. But what he really wants you to do is be able to figure out why, for that's where you'll find the real beauty, power, and magic of math.
If you are already someone who likes math, this book will dazzle and amuse you. If you never particularly liked or understood math, Benjamin will enlighten you and—with a wave of his magic wand—turn you into a math lover.
This book is a good reference for the estimator, engineer, project manager, management, mechanical trades or even the student.The trades covered are Electrical, Piping and Sheet Metal. There are over 2400 component labor factors for the fabrication and installation of the listed components.
Now published as a portable, learning, reference and subject revision guide students, teachers and hobbyists have their own low-cost version as an eBook on their mobile phone. Explanatory text is condensed to note form making it quick and easy to find the detail on the selected topic or to provide a content reminder. All common formula for the subject are included using typical values with calculations and results determined from the software default inputs.
The PC software to accompany your mobile device eBook provides you with an easy and enjoyable way to study your chosen subject. Comprising hundreds of menu selected colorful topics where the graphic images on your mobile are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning and software features.
A unique combined digital portable study device and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
See Additional Notes for the FREE Mathematics V10 educational software download for your PC, to accompany this eBook title, worth a120 / $160.
Now published as a portable, learning, reference and subject revision guide, students, teachers and hobbyists can have their own low-cost portable version as an eBook.
For easy reading, a comprehensive list of hundreds of topics each with a graphic image and explanatory text act as a useful exam revision reminder or reference tool for professionals.
The accompanying software which brings all these images to life can be downloaded at no extra charge thereby providing an additional computer based interactive learning resource as an easy and enjoyable way to study.
Unlock the accompanying software with your eBook receipt.
Chapters (250 topics): - Mathematics Tools, Number Systems, Number Conversion, Number Types, Compound Measures, Roots, Angles and Parallels, Triangle Ratios, Triangle Angles, Percentages, Ratios, Fractions, Vectors, Geometry, Circle Angles, Area, Surface Area and Symmetry, Volume, Laws, Algebra 0., Algebra 1., Algebra 2., Mathematical Rules, Powers and Indices, Simplifying, Linear Equations, Graphing, Slope and Translation, Curves and Angle Conversion, Personal Finance, Data Analysis, Binary Numbers, Binary Arithmetic, Additional Notes.
The problems are grouped into twelve separate sections. Among these are: the divisibility of integers, equations having integer solutions, evaluating sums and products, miscellaneous algebraic problems, the algebra of polynomials, complex numbers, problems of number theory, distinctive inequalities, difference sequences and sums, and more.
Complete solutions to all problems are given; in many cases, alternate solutions are detailed from different points of view. Solutions to more advanced problems are given in considerable detail. Moreover, when advanced concepts are employed, they are discussed in the section preceding the problems. Useful in a variety of ways in high school and college curriculums, this challenging volume will be of particular interest to teachers dealing with gifted and advanced classes.
• First to provide the complete guide to lead one through this highly demanding knowledge requirement with full past-years’ exam questions support
• Exact exam−compatibility to answers
• Exact and accurate definitions
• most efficient method of learning, hence saves time
• very advanced trade book
• Complete edition and concise edition eBooks available
Solving Word Problems is one of the biggest hurdle that kids face in Algebra. A bit of imagination is required to understand and solve these type of problems along with the calculations.This book breaks simple word problems using graphics thus helping the kids to visualize and understand the word problems. It develops the imaginative thinking required to solve these problems from an early level. This will help the kids to solve difficult problems as they will learn to imagine, analyze and break the problem into small parts which gives a better understanding on how to solve these type of problems.
Key features of Putnam and Beyond
* Preliminary material provides an overview of common methods of proof: argument by contradiction, mathematical induction, pigeonhole principle, ordered sets, and invariants.
* Each chapter systematically presents a single subject within which problems are clustered in every section according to the specific topic.
* The exposition is driven by more than 1100 problems and examples chosen from numerous sources from around the world; many original contributions come from the authors.
* Complete solutions to all problems are given at the end of the book. The source, author, and historical background are cited whenever possible.
This work may be used as a study guide for the Putnam exam, as a text for many different problem-solving courses, and as a source of problems for standard courses in undergraduate mathematics. Putnam and Beyond is organized for self-study by undergraduate and graduate students, as well as teachers and researchers in the physical sciences who wish to to expand their mathematical horizons.
What makes REA’s workbooks different? For starters, students will actually like using them. Here’s why:
Math is explained in simple language, in an easy-to-follow style The workbooks allow students to learn at their own pace and master the subject More than 20 lessons break down the material into the basics Each lesson is fully devoted to a key math concept and includes many step-by-step examples Paced instruction with drills and quizzes reinforces learning The innovative “Math Flash” feature offers helpful tips and strategies in each lesson—including advice on common mistakes to avoid Skill scorecard measures the student’s progress and success Every answer to every question, in every test, is explained in full detail A final exam is included so students can test what they’ve learned
When students apply the skills they’ve mastered in our workbooks, they can do better in class, raise their grades, and score higher on the all-important end-of-course, graduation, and exit exams.
Some of the math topics covered in the Algebra & Functions Workbook include:Variables and Algebraic Expressions Linear Equations Properties of Real Numbers Word Problems Proportions Percents Exponents Factoring
Whether used in a classroom, for home or self study, or with a tutor, this workbook gets students ready for important math tests and exams, set to take on new challenges, and helps them go forward in their studies!
See Additional Notes for instructions to download the highly interactive PC software. Used in thousands of schools and colleges worldwide the software is designed to work as a traditional textbook on your PC screen.
Comprising hundreds of menu selected colourful topics where the graphic images (from your eBook) are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning software features.
Chapters (250 topics): - Number Systems, Number Conversion, Number Types, Compound Measures, Roots, Angles and Parallels, Triangle Ratios, Triangle Angles, Percentages, Ratios, Fractions, Vectors, Geometry, Circle Angles, Area, Surface Area and Symmetry, Volume, Laws, Algebra 0, Algebra 1, Algebra 2., Mathematical Rules, Powers and Indices, Simplifying, Linear Equations, Graphing, Slope and Translation, Curves and Angle Conversion, Personal Finance, Data Analysis, Binary Numbers, Binary Arithmetic, Additional Notes.
Author: dott. Alessio Mangoni.
A mathematician who is known throughout the world as the “mathemagician,” Arthur Benjamin mixes mathematics and magic to make the subject fun, attractive, and easy to understand. In The Magic of Maths, Benjamin does more than just teach skills: with a tip of his magic hat, he takes you on as his apprentice to teach you how to appreciate maths the way he does. He motivates you to learn something new about how to solve for x, because there is real pleasure to be found in the solution to a challenging problem or in using numbers to do something useful. But what he really wants you to do is be able to figure out why, for that's where you'll find the real beauty, power, and magic of maths.
If you are already someone who likes maths, this book will dazzle and amuse you. If you never particularly liked or understood maths, Benjamin will enlighten you and—with a wave of his magic wand—turn you into a maths lover.
Throughout the book students are encouraged to express their ideas, conjectures, and conclusions in writing. The goal is to help readers develop a host of new mathematical tools that will be useful beyond the classroom and in a number of disciplines.
The topics examined include standard material such as the Perron-Frobenius theorem, transient and recurrent states, hitting probabilities and hitting times, maximum likelihood estimation, the Viterbi algorithm, and the Baum-Welch algorithm. The book contains discussions of extremely useful topics not usually seen at the basic level, such as ergodicity of Markov processes, Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), information theory, and large deviation theory for both i.i.d and Markov processes. The book also presents state-of-the-art realization theory for hidden Markov models. Among biological applications, it offers an in-depth look at the BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Technique) algorithm, including a comprehensive explanation of the underlying theory. Other applications such as profile hidden Markov models are also explored.
Readership: Graduates and professionals in mathematics education; education planners.
Key Features:Featured introduction by Professor Ubiratàn D'Ambrosio of Brazil — the most prestigious of Latin American mathematics educatorsInsights into the impact of political changes of mathematics education in Cuba, Venezuela, Brazil etc.Historical references, not available elsewhere, are covered in this bookKeywords:Mathematics;Mathematics Teaching;South America;Central America;Caribbean;Mathematics Curriculum;History of Mathematics;Mathematics Education;Pedagogy in Mathematics
The materials covered are derived from psychological theories, education praxis, research findings, and mathematics discourse, mediated by the author's professional experiences in mathematics education in four countries over the past four decades. They are organised into ten chapters aligned with the Singapore mathematics curriculum framework to help teachers and educators from Singapore and other countries deepen their understanding about the so-called "Singapore Maths".
The book strikes a balance between mathematical rigour and pedagogical diversity, without rigid adherence to either. This is relevant to the current discussion about the relative roles of mathematics content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge in effective teaching. It also encourages teachers to develop their own philosophy and teaching styles so that their lessons are effective, efficient, and enjoyable to teach.
Contents:Curriculum: Map the Intended, Implemented, and Attained LandscapeConcepts: Build Meanings and ConnectionsSkills: Use Rules EfficientlyProcesses: Sharpen Mathematical Reasoning and Heuristic UseApplications: View the World Through Mathematical LensesICT: Be Its Prudent MasterAttitudes: Energise Learning with Emotional PowerMetacognition: Strategic Use of Cognitive ResourcesSchool Curriculum: Prepare Thoughtful PlansProfessional Development: Become Metacognitive Teachers
Readership: Graduate students, researchers, practitioners and teachers in mathematics.
Key Features:First, there is currently no mathematics methodology text that provides significant insights about learning and teaching based on the Singapore mathematics curriculum, yet supported by international perspectives and literatureThis fills a gap in the market about Singapore Maths, which has attracted much attention from overseas educatorsSecond, the teaching strategies discussed in the book are based on theories, research, and professional practices, and they satisfy the needs of both practitioners and researchers, hence widening the readership of the bookFinally, the author writes from the vintage point of having taught mathematics education and conducted research in Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore and consulted with education institutes in Chile, Hong Kong, the Philippines and the US. This diverse experience allows the author to discuss mathematics education issues from an East-meets-West perspectiveKeywords:Mathematics;Pedagogy;Learning Experiences;Singapore;Teachers;Instruction;Curriculum
Jennifer Ouellette never took math in college, mostly because she-like most people-assumed that she wouldn't need it in real life. But then the English-major-turned-award-winning-science-writer had a change of heart and decided to revisit the equations and formulas that had haunted her for years. The Calculus Diaries is the fun and fascinating account of her year spent confronting her math phobia head on. With wit and verve, Ouellette shows how she learned to apply calculus to everything from gas mileage to dieting, from the rides at Disneyland to shooting craps in Vegas-proving that even the mathematically challenged can learn the fundamentals of the universal language.
This fully updated and expanded edition features two new chapters on agent-based simulations and modeling with matrices, ten new project modules, and an additional module on diffusion. Besides increased treatment of high-performance computing and its applications, the book also includes additional quick review questions with answers, exercises, and individual and team projects.The only introductory textbook of its kind—now fully updated and expandedFeatures two new chapters on agent-based simulations and modeling with matricesIncreased coverage of high-performance computing and its applicationsIncludes additional modules, review questions, exercises, and projectsAn online instructor's manual with exercise answers, selected project solutions, and a test bank and solutions (available only to professors)An online illustration package is available to professors
A critical read for teachers and parents who want to improve children’s mathematics learning, What’s Math Got to Do with It? is “an inspiring resource” (Publishers Weekly). Featuring all the important advice and suggestions in the original edition of What’s Math Got to Do with It?, this revised edition is now updated with new research on the brain and mathematics that is revolutionizing scientists’ understanding of learning and potential.
As always Jo Boaler presents research findings through practical ideas that can be used in classrooms and homes. The new What’s Math Got to Do with It? prepares teachers and parents for the Common Core, shares Boaler’s work on ways to teach mathematics for a “growth mindset,” and includes a range of advice to inspire teachers and parents to give their students the best mathematical experience possible.
Most problems in science and engineering require the solution of mathematical problems, most of which can only be done on a computer. Accurately approximating those problems requires solving differential equations and linear systems with millions of unknowns, and smart algorithms can be used on computers to reduce calculation times from years to minutes or even seconds. This book explains: How can we approximate these important mathematical processes? How accurate are our approximations? How efficient are our approximations?
Scientific Computing for Scientists and Engineers covers:An introduction to a wide range of numerical methods for linear systems, eigenvalue problems, differential equations, numerical integration, and nonlinear problems; Scientific computing fundamentals like floating point representation of numbers and convergence; Analysis of accuracy and efficiency; Simple programming examples in MATLAB to illustrate the algorithms and to solve real life problems; Exercises to reinforce all topics.
Each chapter deals with a different mathematics topic—from place value to problem solving. The case study format and inclusion of student examples promote a sound understanding of learners’ varied cognitive, behavioral, and physical needs—essential knowledge for designing appropriate teaching strategies. Also included is a variety instructional activities that can easily be implemented in the classroom.
The Math Myth expands Hacker’s scrutiny of many widely held assumptions, like the notions that mathematics broadens our minds, that mastery of azimuths and asymptotes will be needed for most jobs, that the entire Common Core syllabus should be required of every student. He worries that a frenzied emphasis on STEM is diverting attention from other pursuits and subverting the spirit of the country.
In fact, Hacker honors mathematics as a calling (he has been a professor of mathematics) and extols its glories and its goals. Yet he shows how mandating it for everyone prevents other talents from being developed and acts as an irrational barrier to graduation and careers. He proposes alternatives, including teaching facility with figures, quantitative reasoning, and understanding statistics.
The Math Myth is sure to spark a heated and needed national conversation not just about mathematics but about the kind of people and society we want to be.
In his latest foray into mathematics, David Berlinski takes on the simplest questions that can be asked: What is a number? How do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division actually work? What are geometry and logic? As he delves into these subjects, he discovers and lucidly describes the beauty and complexity behind their seemingly simple exteriors, making clear how and why these mercurial, often slippery concepts are essential to who we are.
Filled with illuminating historical anecdotes and asides on some of the most fascinating mathematicians through the ages, One, Two, Three is a captivating exploration of the foundation of mathematics: how it originated, who thought of it, and why it matters.
From the Hardcover edition.
These practical insights are combined with important advances in theory. Several of the authors address the nature of learning and teaching, including the ways in which theories and practices of mathematics education recognize learning as simultaneously social and individual. The issues addressed include teaching practices, equity, language, assessment, group work and the broader political context of mathematics reform. The contributors variously employ sociological, anthropological, psychological, sociocultural, political, and mathematical perspectives to produce powerful analyses of mathematics teaching and learning.
The book begins with the fundamental building blocks of mathematics and basic algebra, then goes on to cover essential subjects such as calculus in one and more than one variable, including optimization, constrained optimization, and implicit functions; linear algebra, including Markov chains and eigenvectors; and probability. It describes the intermediate steps most other textbooks leave out, features numerous exercises throughout, and grounds all concepts by illustrating their use and importance in political science and sociology.Uniquely designed and ideal for students and researchers in political science and sociology Uses practical examples from political science and sociology Features "Why Do I Care?" sections that explain why concepts are useful Includes numerous exercises Complete online solutions manual (available only to professors, email david.siegel at duke.edu, subject line "Solution Set") Selected solutions available online to students
David E. Drew has good news -- and the tools America needs to keep competitive. Drawing on both academic literature and his own rich experience, Drew identifies proven strategies for reforming America's schools, colleges, and universities, and his comprehensive review of STEM education in the United States offers a positive blueprint for the future. These research-based strategies include creative and successful methods for building strong programs in science and mathematics education and show how the achievement gap between majority and minority students can be closed. A crucial measure, he argues, is recruiting, educating, supporting, and respecting America's teachers.
To secure a competitive advantage both in the knowledge economy and in economic development more broadly, America needs a highly skilled, college-educated workforce and cutting-edge university research. Drew makes the case that reforming science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education to meet these demands, with an emphasis on reaching historically underserved students, is essential to the long-term prosperity of the United States.
Accessible, engaging, and hard hitting, STEM the Tide is a clarion call to policymakers, administrators, educators, and everyone else concerned about students' participation in the STEM fields and America's competitive global position.
Chords appear as points in this grid and musical inversions of the chord would generate beautiful polyhedra inscribed in concentric spheres centered at the barycenter. The radii of these spheres would effectively quantify the evenness and thus the consonance of the chord.
Internal symmetries would collapse these chordal structures into polar or equatorial displays, creating a platform for a thorough degeneracy study. Appropiate morphisms would allow us to navigate through different chordal cardinalities and ultimately to characterise complementary chords.
* A unique technique-oriented approach takes the student through the mathematics in a highly accessible way
* Comprehensive coverage of all topics required by undergraduates at advanced levels of mathematics in engineering and science
* Hundreds of worked examples and progressively more challenging exercises
* Ideal either as part of a course or for self-study