Edited by the inventor of the MedATR concept that leads to the first IR-CAD for the early detection of breast cancer, Medical Infrared Imaging presents many of the new ideas, concepts, and technologies that are key to the wider acceptance of infrared imaging as a revolutionary new standard. Beginning with the worldwide advances and their medical applications from a historical perspective, the book provides detailed and comprehensive information on the technology and hardware resulting from these innovative breakthroughs that will make currently contributory infrared information even more pertinent. The book covers the physics and physiological basis of thermal imaging, and such cutting-edge concepts as: dynamic thermal imaging, thermal tomography, the important role of infrared in a multi-modality imaging setting, and novel processing techniques for the early detection of breast cancer. A significant portion of the book introduces new applications such as biometric facial recognition and the clinical use and quantification of the TAU technique which uses functional imaging to determine the relevance, the stage, and the progression of diseases. Effective and reproducible results are crucial and the book emphasizes the importance of standardization, calibration, and protocols. Finally, the editor includes chapters on the use of databases for storage and retrieval of images and the ethical obligations of infrared research and clinical practice.
As a comprehensive state-of-the-science and indication of future directions, Medical Infrared Imaging provides the medical and biomedical engineering communities with the tools to fully utilize and further advance the applications of infrared imaging.
Medical Devices and Human Engineering, the second volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in biomedical sensors, medical instrumentation and devices, human performance engineering, rehabilitation engineering, and clinical engineering.
More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including optical sensors, implantable cardiac pacemakers, electrosurgical devices, blood glucose monitoring, human–computer interaction design, orthopedic prosthetics, clinical engineering program indicators, and virtual instruments in health care. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.
The book presents clinical applications of neuromodulation and a detailed review of the science and mechanisms of action underlying deep brain stimulation. Contributions include discussions of seizure control, clinical, surgical, and technological aspects of responsive neurostimulation, and a thorough review of spinal cord stimulation for pain control. The book highlights promising technologies and applications for neural augmentation, brain and computer interfaces, and motor protheses. It concludes with coverage of the science underlying current neurostimulation techniques and new paradigm-shifting neuromodulation technologies.
We are on the cusp of a technological revolution that promises to have more of an impact on human health, disease, and quality of life than any other in recent history. Its impact on medicine and society promises to be as dramatic as that of the development of antibiotics. The transition of neural engineering from basic research to intense commercialization and widespread clinical application and acceptance is just around the corner. Providing in-depth coverage of cutting-edge developments in technology and clinical practice, the book presents detailed descriptions of technologies, science, and clinical results that build a foundation for the future.
The book provides a detailed overview of x-ray imaging and computed tomography, fundamental concepts in signal acquisition and processes, followed by an overview of functional MRI (fMRI) and chemical shift imaging. It also covers topics in Magnetic Resonance Microcopy, the physics of instrumentation and signal collection, and their application in clinical practice. Highlights include a chapter offering a unique perspective on the use of quantitative PET for its applications in drug discovery and development, which is rapidly becoming an indispensible tool for clinical and research applications, and a chapter addressing the key issues around organizing and searching multimodality data sets, an increasingly important yet challenging issue in clinical imaging.
X-ray imaging and computed tomography MRI and magnetic resonance microscopy Nuclear imaging Ultrasound imaging Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) Emerging technologies for in vivo imaging Contrast-enhanced MRI MR approaches for osteoarthritis and cardiovascular imaging PET quantitative imaging for drug development Medical imaging data mining and search
The selection of topics provides readers with an appreciation of the depth and breadth of the field and the challenges ahead of the technical and clinical community ofresearchers and practitioners.
Biomedical Signals, Imaging, and Informatics, the third volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in biosignal processing, medical imaging, infrared imaging, and medical informatics.
More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including biomedical signal acquisition, thermographs, infrared cameras, mammography, computed tomography, positron-emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, hospital information systems, and computer-based patient records. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.
A complete, concise reference, Biomechanics integrates coverage of system and sub-system models, to enhance overall understanding of human function and performance and open the way for new discoveries. Drawn from the third edition of the widely acclaimed and bestselling The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, this is a comprehensive, state-of-the-science resource concerning the principles and applications of biomechanics at every level. The book presents substantial updates and revisions from the Handbook’s previous editions, as well as an entirely new chapter introducing current methods and strategies for modeling cellular mechanics. Organized in a systematic manner, the book begins with coverage of musculoskeletal mechanics including hard- and soft tissue and joint mechanics and their applications to human function. Contributions explore several aspects of biofluid mechanics and cover a wide range of circulatory dynamics such as blood vessel and blood cell mechanics and transport.
Other topics include the mechanical functions and significance of the human ear and the performance characteristics of the human body during exercise and exertion. The book contains more than 140 illustrations, 60 tables, and a variety of useful equations to assist in modeling biomechanical behaviors. Incorporating material across the breadth of the field, Biomechanics is a complete, concise reference for the skilled professional as well as an introduction to the novice or student of biomedical engineering.
With contributions from experts and pioneers, this book begins with coverage of the fundamentals, details the supporting technology, and then elucidates their applications in tissue engineering. It explores strategic directions, nanobiomaterials, biomimetics, gene therapy, cell engineering, and more. The chapters then explore the applications of these technologies in areas such as bone engineering, cartilage tissue, dental tissue, vascular engineering, and neural engineering. A comprehensive overview of major research topics in tissue engineering, the book:
Examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue-engineered devices Focuses upon those strategies typically incorporated into tissue-engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques Presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications
The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, this book includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue-engineered devices. The book provides a useful reference for courses devoted to tissue engineering fundamentals and those laboratories developing tissue-engineered devices for regenerative medicine therapy.
Divided into three sections, the book covers the fundamentals of tissue engineering, enabling technologies, and tissue engineering applications. It examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue engineered devices. Contributions focus on those strategies typically incorporated into tissue engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques. Finally, the book presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications.
The ability to engineer biocompatible tissue is the hallmark of modern biomedical engineering, integrating all aspects of every sub-discipline in the field. Featuring chapters drawn from the third edition of the best-selling Handbook of Biomedical Engineering as well as new contributions not found in the handbook, Tissue Engineering surveys the latest advances in this relatively young area. The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, the text includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue engineered devices.
The book begins by exploring worldwide advances in the medical applications of thermal imaging systems. It covers technology and hardware including detectors, detector materials, un-cooled focal plane arrays, high performance systems, camera characterization, electronics for on-chip image processing, optics, and cost-reduction designs. It then discusses the physiological basis of the thermal signature and its interpretation in a medical setting. The book also covers novel and emerging techniques, the complexities and importance of protocols for effective and reproducible results, storage and retrieval of thermal images, and ethical obligations.
Of interest to both the medical and biomedical engineering communities, the book explores many opportunities for developing and conducting multidisciplinary research in many areas of medical infrared imaging. These range from clinical quantification to intelligent image processing for enhancement of the interpretation of images, and for further development of user-friendly high-resolution thermal cameras. These would enable the wide use of infrared imaging as a viable, noninvasive, low-cost, first-line detection modality.
Discusses the biocompatibility of metallic implants and corrosion in an in vivo environment Provides a general overview of the relatively bioinert, bioactive or surface-reactive ceramics, and biodegradable or resorbable bioceramics Reviews the basic chemical and physical properties of synthetic polymers, the sterilization of the polymeric biomaterials, the importance of the surface treatment for improving biocompatibility, and the application of the chemogradient surface for the study on cell-to-polymer interactions Covers the fundamentals of composite materials and their applications in biomaterials Highlights commercially significant and successful biomedical biodegradable polymers Examines failure modes of different types of implants based on material, location, and function in the body
The book discusses the role of biomaterials as governed by the interaction between the material and the body, specifically, the effect of the body environment on the material and the effect of the material on the body.
The book provides insight into the role that clinical engineers play in the management of medical technology. Topics covered include the history, job functions, and the professionalization of clinical engineering; safety in the clinical environment; management of hospital equipment; assessment and acquisition of medical technologies; preparation of a business plan for the clinical engineering department; and the moral and ethical issues that surround the delivery of health-care.
Clinical engineers and biomedical engineers will find the book as a great reference material.
Molecular, Cellular, and Tissue Engineering, the fourth volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in molecular biology, transport phenomena, physiological modeling, tissue engineering, stem cells, drug delivery systems, artificial organs, and personalized medicine.
More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including DNA vaccines, biomimetic systems, cardiovascular dynamics, biomaterial scaffolds, cell mechanobiology, synthetic biomaterials, pluripotent stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, nanobiomaterials for tissue engineering, biomedical imaging of engineered tissues, gene therapy, noninvasive targeted protein and peptide drug delivery, cardiac valve prostheses, blood substitutes, artificial skin, molecular diagnostics in personalized medicine, and bioethics.
The growing recognition of stem cells as an important and exciting field will continue to draw investigators with diverse backgrounds—from biology, engineering, and the physical sciences—and thereby enable further progress in these and other new directions. This book discusses advances made during the last decade that have led to increasingly defined culture systems for growing stem cells, starting from co-culture with feeder cells in the presence of serum to growth on synthetic substrates in defined medium. In addition to highlighting many recent advances, it underscores the need for future work.
The book first examines elementary concepts such as control volume selection and flow systems. It provides a comprehensive treatment with an overview of major research topics related to transport phenomena pertaining to biomedical engineering. Although each chapter is self-contained, they all bring forth and reinforce similar concepts through applications and discussions. With contributions from world-class experts, the book unmasks the fundamental phenomenological events in engineering devices and explores how to use them to meet the objectives of specific applications. It includes coverage of applications to drug delivery and cell- and tissue-based therapies.
In chapters drawn from the third edition of the best-selling Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Biomaterials surveys the wide variety of biomaterials in present use as well as materials resulting from novel micro- and nanoscale technologies. The book includes a general overview of bioinert, bioactive or surface reactive ceramics, and biodegradable or re-absorbable bioceramics. It reviews basic chemical and physical properties of the synthetic polymers, covers the sterilization of the polymeric biomaterials, discusses the importance of the surface treatment for improving biocompatibility, and examines the application of the chemogradient surface for the study on cell polymer interactions. The book also provides an overview of the chemistry design, fabrication, and application of biodegradable hydrogels for drug delivery and tissue engineering. It explores current issues involved in probing cell-biomaterials interactions on the molecular level and their implications for tissue engineering research and examines advances in biodegradable polymeric materials, soft and hard tissue replacements, and applications in tissue engineering.
Taking a focuses look at the latest advances in biomaterials, the book discusses metallic, ceramic, polymeric, and composite biomaterials. With more than 100 figures and tables, as well as contributions from a panel of international experts, the book gives you familiarity with the uses of biomaterials in medicine and dentistry
Biomedical engineering is considered to be the most expansive of all the engineering sciences. Its function involves the direct combination of core engineering sciences as well as knowledge of nonengineering disciplines such as biology and medicine. Drawing on material from the biomechanics section of The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition and utilizing the expert knowledge of respected published scientists in the application and research of biomechanics, Biomechanics: Principles and Practices discusses the latest principles and applications of biomechanics and outlines major research topics in the field.
This book contains a total of 20 chapters. The first group of chapters explores musculoskeletal mechanics and includes hard and soft-tissue mechanics, joint mechanics, and applications related to human function. The next group of chapters covers biofluid mechanics and includes a wide range of circulatory dynamics, such as blood vessel and blood cell mechanics and transport. The following group of chapters introduces the mechanical functions and significance of the human ear, including information on inner ear hair cell mechanics. The remaining chapters introduce performance characteristics of the human body system during exercise and exertion.Introduces modern viewpoints and developments Highlights cellular mechanics Presents material in a systematic manner Contains over 100 figures, tables, and equations
Biomechanics: Principles and Practices functions as a reference for the practicing professional as well as an introduction for the bioengineering graduate student with a focus in biomechanics, biodynamics, human performance engineering, and human factors.
Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals, the first volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in physiological systems, biomechanics, biomaterials, bioelectric phenomena, and neuroengineering.
More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including cardiac biomechanics, the mechanics of blood vessels, cochlear mechanics, biodegradable biomaterials, soft tissue replacements, cellular biomechanics, neural engineering, electrical stimulation for paraplegia, and visual prostheses. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.
Biosignal Processing: Principles and Practices provides state-of-the-art coverage of contemporary methods in biosignal processing with an emphasis on brain signal analysis. After introducing the fundamentals, it presents emerging methods for brain signal processing, focusing on specific non-invasive imaging techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR). In addition, the book presents recent advances, reflecting the evolution of biosignal processing.
As biomedical datasets grow larger and more complicated, the development and use of signal processing methods to analyze and interpret these data has become a matter of course. This book is one step in the development of biosignal analysis and is designed to stimulate new ideas and opportunities in the development of cutting-edge computational methods for biosignal processing.
In addition, this text covers in depth:
Anesthesia Delivery Electrosurgical Units and Devices Biomedical Lasers Measuring Cellular Traction Forces Blood Glucose Monitoring Atomic Force Microscopy Parenteral Infusion Devices Clinical Laboratory: Separation and Spectral Methods Clinical Laboratory: Nonspectral Methods and Automation Noninvasive Optical Monitoring
An offshoot from the definitive "bible" of biomedical engineering, Medical Instruments and Devices: Principles and Practices offers you state-of-the-art information on biomedical instruments and devices. This text serves practicing professionals working in the areas of medical devices and instrumentation as well as graduate students studying bioengineering, instrumentation, and medical devices, and it provides readers with a practical foundation and a wealth of resources from well-known experts in the field.
A long life in a healthy, vigorous, youthful body has always been one of humanity's greatest dreams. Recent progress in genetic manipulations and calorie-restricted diets in laboratory animals hold forth the promise that someday science will enable us to exert total control over our own biological aging.
Nearly all scientists who study the biology of aging agree that we will someday be able to substantially slow down the aging process, extending our productive, youthful lives. Dr. Aubrey de Grey is perhaps the most bullish of all such researchers. As has been reported in media outlets ranging from 60 Minutes to The New York Times, Dr. de Grey believes that the key biomedical technology required to eliminate aging-derived debilitation and death entirely—technology that would not only slow but periodically reverse age-related physiological decay, leaving us biologically young into an indefinite future—is now within reach.
In Ending Aging, Dr. de Grey and his research assistant Michael Rae describe the details of this biotechnology. They explain that the aging of the human body, just like the aging of man-made machines, results from an accumulation of various types of damage. As with man-made machines, this damage can periodically be repaired, leading to indefinite extension of the machine's fully functional lifetime, just as is routinely done with classic cars. We already know what types of damage accumulate in the human body, and we are moving rapidly toward the comprehensive development of technologies to remove that damage. By demystifying aging and its postponement for the nonspecialist reader, de Grey and Rae systematically dismantle the fatalist presumption that aging will forever defeat the efforts of medical science.
Filling the void, Biotechnology Operations: Principles and Practices reflects this integrative philosophy, serving as a practical guide for students, professionals, or anyone else with interests in the biotech industry. Although many books emphasize specific technical aspects of biotech, this is perhaps the first to integrate essential concepts of product development and scientific and management skills with the seven functional areas of biotechnology:
Biomanufacturing Clinical trials Nonclinical studies Project management Quality assurance Quality control Regulatory affairs
A practical roadmap to optimizing biotechnology operations, this reference illustrates how to use specific product planning, design, and project management processes to seamlessly merge plans and efforts in the key functional areas. Applying lessons learned throughout the nascent history of biotech, author Michael Roy highlights developmental principles that could bring future products to market more safely and efficiently. Drawing from his experiences working in industry and teaching a graduate course at the University of Wisconsin, this hotly anticipated book clarifies basic methodologies and practices to help reduce risks and resolve problems as future technological discoveries are developed into tangible products.
Eve Herold's Beyond Human examines the medical technologies taking shape at the nexus of computing, microelectronics, engineering, nanotechnology, cellular and gene therapies, and robotics. These technologies will dramatically transform our lives and allow us to live for hundreds of years. Yet, with these blessings come complicated practical and ethical issues, some of which we can predict, but many we cannot.
Beyond Human taps the minds of doctors, scientists, and engineers engaged in developing a host of new technologies while telling the stories of some of the patients courageously testing the radical new treatments about to come into the market.
Beyond Human asks the difficult questions of the scientists and bioethicists who seek to ensure that as our bodies and brains become ever more artificial, we hold onto our humanity. In this new world, will everyone have access to technological miracles, or will we end up living in a world of radical disparities? How will society accommodate life spans that extend into hundreds of years? Will we and our descendants be able to bring about the dream of a future liberated by technology, or will we end up merely serving the machines and devices that keep us healthy, smart, young, and alive?
This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, stem cell niches, and blood components from stem cells. This research has already produced applications in disease modeling, toxicity testing, drug development, and clinical therapies. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies –such as brain-machine interfaces for controlling bionics and neuroprostheses– is complemented by a series of new and updated chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering, as well as a new section on the application of tissue-engineering techniques for food production. The result is a comprehensive textbook that will be useful to students and experts alike.Includes new chapters on biomaterial-protein interactions, nanocomposite and three-dimensional scaffolds, skin substitutes, spinal cord, vision enhancement, and heart valvesOffers expanded coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells of the cardiovascular, hematopoietic, musculoskeletal, nervous, and other organ systemsFull-color presentation throughout
Christine Smolke, who recently developed a novel way to churn out large quantities of drugs from genetically modified brewer’s yeast, is regarded as one of the most brilliant new minds in biomedical engineering. In this handbook, she brings together pioneering scientists from dozens of disciplines to provide a complete record of accomplishment in metabolic pathway engineering. With a wealth of cutting edge research and analysis, this work also serves as an invaluable resource for those seeking to add their own contributions. Organized by topic, this 3000 page reference is available as two volumes that can be purchased individually or as a set.
The handbook begins with a series of historical vignettes of pioneers from the last two centuries. It also presents the fundamentals of physics and biology as applied to photomedicine. It next examines conditions and diseases caused by light, including skin cancer, dermatoses, and immunosuppression.
The remainder of the book focuses on the most important clinical therapeutic applications of different kinds of light that vary in both wavelength and intensity. The book discusses ultraviolet phototherapy for skin diseases and infections and presents the basic science of photodynamic therapy and its use in cancer therapy and other medical specialties. It then covers mechanistic studies and clinical applications of low-level laser (light) therapy as well as the use of high power or surgical laser therapy in specialties, such as dentistry and dermatology. The book concludes with a collection of miscellaneous types of phototherapy.
The Clinical Engineering Handbook meets a long felt need for a comprehensive book on all aspects of clinical engineering that is a suitable reference in hospitals, classrooms, workshops, and governmental and non-governmental organization. The Handbook’s thirteen sections address the following areas: Clinical Engineering; Models of Clinical Engineering Practice; Technology Management; Safety Education and Training; Design, Manufacture, and Evaluation and Control of Medical Devices; Utilization and Service of Medical Devices; Information Technology; and Professionalism and Ethics. The Clinical Engineering Handbook provides the reader with prospects for the future of clinical engineering as well as guidelines and standards for best practice around the world. From telemedicine and IT issues, to sanitation and disaster planning, it brings together all the important aspects of clinical engineering.Clinical Engineers are the safety and quality faciltators in all medical facilitiesThe most definitive, comprehensive, and up-to-date book available on the subject of clinical engineeringOver 170 contributions by leaders in the field of clinical engineering
Avoiding the hype of popular science and the pessimism of most social science, Nikolas Rose analyzes contemporary molecular biopolitics, examining developments in genomics, neuroscience, pharmacology, and psychopharmacology and the ways they have affected racial politics, crime control, and psychiatry. Rose analyzes the transformation of biomedicine from the practice of healing to the government of life; the new emphasis on treating disease susceptibilities rather than disease; the shift in our understanding of the patient; the emergence of new forms of medical activism; the rise of biocapital; and the mutations in biopower. He concludes that these developments have profound consequences for who we think we are, and who we want to be.
Part one provides a detailed overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces, exploring thermo-responsive polymers, environmentally responsive polyelectrolytes and zwitterionic polymers, as well as peptide-based and photonic sensitive switchable materials. Further chapters include a detailed overview of the preparation and analysis of switchable polymer brushes and copolymers for biomedical application. Part two explores the biological interactions and biomedical applications of switchable surfaces, where expert analysis is provided on the interaction of switchable surfaces with proteins and cells. The interaction of stimuli-sensitive polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery with biosurfaces is critiqued, whilst the editor provides a skillful study into the application of responsive polymers in implantable medical devices and biosensors.A comprehensive overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfacesIncludes in depth analysis of thermo-responsive polymers, photonic sensitive materials and peptide-based surfacesDetailed exploration of biological interactions of responsive and switchable surfaces, covering stimuli-sensitive polymers for drug delivery, surfaces with proteins/cells and application of polymers in medical devices
Allogeneic HSCT is a medical procedure in which a patient receives blood-forming stem cells from a genetically similar but not identical donor. This procedure is commonly performed for people with diseases of the blood, bone marrow, or certain cancers, but it remains risky with many possible complications. As such, experimental practice is reserved for preclinical animal models including the mouse and dog.
These animal models have been essential in developing transplant protocols, including preclinical testing of conditioning regimens, treatment of GVHD, and understanding the pathology of GVHD as well as the immunological mechanisms of GVHD and GVL effect. However, recent research has revealed significant species differences between humans and animal models that must be considered when relating animal model studies to clinical allogeneic HSCT scenarios.Brings together perspectives leading laboratories and clinical research groups to highlight advances from bench to the bedsideGuides readers through the caveats that must be considered when drawing conclusions from studies with animal models before correlating to clinical allogeneic HSCT scenariosCategorizes the published advances in various aspects of immune biology of allegeneic HSCT to illustrate opportunities for clinical applications
This book is a practical guide and reference to the latest technology, operations and opportunities presented by clinical simulation. It shows how to develop and make efficient use of resources, and provides hands-on information to those tasked with setting up and delivering simulation facilities for medical, clinical and related purposes, and the development and delivery of simulation-based education programsA step-by-step manual to developing successful simulation programsShows how to design, construct, outfit and run simulation facilities for clinical education and research.The Residency Review Committee of the US Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education has begun requiring residency programs to have simulation as an integral part of their training programs.
The book includes a variety of techniques that are conducting biosensors as transducers. The single die has all of the biosensors implemented within it, which leads to a new generation of multibiosensors named as multi-labs-on-a-single chip (MLoC). Biosensors are analytical devices that combine a biologically sensitive element with a physical or chemical transducer to detect the presence of specific compounds selectively and quantitatively. This book explores the feasibility of microelectronic techniques in a successful attempt to get huge cost savings in mass production, fast reacting, and disposable biosensors. The book is lied in six chapters and four appendices. These sensors were implemented using CMOSP35 technology on a single-chip that covers new techniques for detecting biomedical and biological samples at low concentration level based on CMOS/MEMS technology batch process. The methodology of the proposed multibiosensors that is named by multi-lab-on-a-chip (MLoC); lies on miniaturizing transducers, which is based on optical CMOS technology, charge based capacitance measurements (CBCM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and CMOS microcoils incorporating with interdigitated microelectrode array (IDMA). The aforementioned approaches technically proved their capability and reliability overwhelmingly among the used conventional techniques for that reason these techniques have been proposed to create compact and portable biosensors for sensitive and rapid detection of biomedical and biological samples. While the four proposed biosensors have common objectives they differ in the method and analysis used, and postulates engaged by a discipline to achieve the objectives; the inquiry of the principles of investigation in a particular field.
This monograph reviews the role played by TFS in masking, pitch perception, speech perception, and spatial hearing, and concludes that cues derived from TFS play an important role in all of these. Evidence is reviewed suggesting that cochlear hearing loss reduces the ability to use TFS cues. Also, the ability to use TFS declines with increasing age even when the audiogram remains normal. This provides a new dimension to the changes in hearing associated with aging, a topic that is currently of great interest in view of the increasing proportion of older people in the population.
The study of the role of TFS in auditory processing has been a hot topic in recent years. While there have been many research papers on this topic in specialized journals, there has been no overall review that pulls together the different research findings and presents and interprets them within a coherent framework. This monograph fills this gap.Contents:Processing of Sound in the Auditory System and Neural Representation of Temporal Fine StructureThe Role of TFS in MaskingThe Role of TFS in Pitch PerceptionThe Role of TFS in Speech PerceptionThe Influence of Hearing Loss and Age on the Binaural Processing of TFSOverview, Conclusions and Practical Implications
Readership: Medical professionals, academics and clinicians in hearing, life science students and biomedical researchers.
Key Features:Sensitivity to temporal fine structure (TFS) in sound is currently a hot topic, but no other book focuses on this topicThe book provides a critical review and interpretation of data on sensitivity to TFS and how sensitivity is affected by hearing loss and ageThe author has published extensively in this areaKeywords:Hearing;Hearing Loss;Age;Temporal Fine Structure;Envelope;Hearing Impairment
· cerebrovascular and transcranial
· lower and upper limb arterial
· deep vein thrombosis
· deep and superficial venous reflux
· renal, hepatoportal, mesenteric and penile.
Making Sense of Vascular Ultrasound is designed to give users a hands-on, practical approach to the diagnosis of vascular disease. This pocket-sized handbook provides easy to read, concise, point-form text and includes high-resolution ultrasound images and informative line diagrams.
Each regional chapter covers
· clinical presentations
· differential diagnosis
· what the doctor needs to know
· normal findings and criteria for disease as seen by ultrasound
· comprehensive protocols
· ultrasound images to collect for reports
The book also provides an overview of the physical principles of ultrasound, the physiology of blood flow, vascular pathology, setting up a vascular ultrasound diagnostic service, and interventional vascular ultrasound procedures.
This book provides a roadmap to the broad and varied career development opportunities in bioengineering, biotechnology, and related fields. Eminent practitioners lay out career paths related to academia, industry, government and regulatory affairs, healthcare, law, marketing, entrepreneurship, and more.
Lifetimes of experience and wisdom are shared, including "war stories," strategies for success, avoidance of common pitfalls, and discussions of the authors’ personal views and motivations. Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology is an indispensable guide to some of the most exciting career and professional growth opportunities in science, engineering, and beyond, and a "must read" for anyone interested in a career related to this burgeoning field.
From the Foreword by U.S. National Medal of Science Laureate and Institute Professor Robert Langer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology: "This book provides a wealth of information and should serve as an excellent resource...The editors have gone to great effort to discuss a variety of critical topics in the burgeoning areas of bioengineering and biotechnology."
From the Introduction by Dr. Bruce Alberts, President Emeritus of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and Co-chair of the InterAcademy Council: "I am very impressed with the enormous dedication and skill that created this major, highly-original contribution – I know of nothing like it."
From the Editorial by Dr. Joachim Nagel, President, International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, and past president of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering: "This book provides all the answers and can be highly recommended as the ultimate guide to anyone interested in bioengineering and biotechnology. The book arrives at a crucial time, and catapults bioengineering and biotechnology to the forefront of disciplines and to a rightly held pinnacle of inspiration for engineers, scientists, and technologists."
From the Afterword by Dr. Shu Chien, President, Biomedical Engineering Society and past president of the American Physiological Society and of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering: "...this is truly an outstanding book that is the first of its kind...certainly a pioneering contribution."
Praise for the Book
"Bioengineering and Biotechnology are emerging as distinct disciplines amid the biological revolution and during a period of rapid globalization. These interesting times offer us unprecedented opportunities for professional and personal growth. This book covers many important areas of opportunity, including entrepreneurship, finance, law, and education, with a global perspective. The legacy of our times will include how well we used our rapidly advancing technologies to improve the world around us. This book provides a roadmap for the contributions of Bioengineering and Biotechnology in this quest."
-James E. Moore, PhD, Texas A&M University
"This book will be essential reading for all those seeking career guidance in bioengineering and biotechnology."
-Tony Bradshaw, PhD, Director bioProcessUK - BioIndustry Association (BIA), Chairman, The Royal Academy of Engineering/BIA Life Scientists' Career Seminars
"...the topics [are] quite extensive covering definitions, core curriculum, career opportunities, including a wide range of alternative career pathways as well as social and ethical issues. The material covered is unlike any of the standard publications related to these fields of activity... [the book] can be read at different stages of one's career."
-Joseph D. Bronzino, PhD, Trinity College
"...once I started reading it, [I] could not put it down. In less than three days, I read it all, absorbing the stories and details as if I was consummed by watching a high action movie... The breath and depth of the wisdom is phenomenal, and the stories shared by the writers are moving, inspiring, and shine of intelligence in seizing one's own passion and talents and turning them into stellar professional careers."
-Nathalie Gosset, MS, MBA, Head of Marketing, Alfred Mann Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California
"This is a functional book with immediate impact, and is very helpful to those who need and desperately want help in making a career choice."
- Jonathan Newman, Graduate Student in Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
"This is an exciting undertaking and very well thought through and balanced. I enjoyed very much reading the chapters I have reviewed. Congratulations to all contributors and the editors of this book."
- Gudrun Zahlmann, PhD, Director of Business Development, Siemens Medical Systems, Germany
"I am very excited about this book. As a bioengineering educator, I am always looking for information that can provide guidance for students as they prepare for their careers. The contributors in this book are so enthusiastic about their careers that many of the chapters made me want to switch careers on the spot! I believe that engineering students do not receive enough guidance on alternative career paths. This book will very much help fill the void."
- Judy Cezeaux, PhD, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Western New England College, Massachusetts, USA
Designed for rapid reference, it covers how to position the patient and the central ray, describes the essential image characteristics, and illustrates each radiographic projection with a positioning photograph and a radiograph.
The authors have included a range of additional information new to this text. This includes a protocol for evaluating images (the "10-point plan") and a range of general advice for undertaking procedures in a professional and efficient manner. The book also includes basic information in relation to some non-imaging diagnostic tests, common medical terminology, and abbreviations. This is designed to help readers gain a better understanding of the diagnostic requirements and role of particular imaging procedures from the information presented in X-ray requests. In addition, the book discusses image evaluation, medical abbreviations, relevant normal blood values, and radiation protection.
Together with key points, this information helps the radiographer achieve the ideal image result.
Not so long ago, in a small island nation in the South Pacific, beekeepers produced a most peculiar honey. It was much darker than the clover honey everyone put on their toast in the morning, and it tasted very different. In fact, the honey was a problem: it was hard to get out of the combs, and even harder for beekeepers to sell.
Today that honey, manuka from New Zealand, is known around the world. It fetches high prices, and beekeepers do everything in their power to produce as much of it as possible. Wound dressings containing manuka honey are used in leading hospitals, and it has saved the lives of patients infected with disease-causing bacteria that are resistant to standard antibiotic drugs. In so doing it has forced the medical profession to rethink its position on the therapeutic properties of natural products.
This book chronicles the remarkable ‘rags-to-riches’ story of manuka honey, as seen through the eyes of a New Zealand beekeeping specialist who watched it unfold from the very beginning. It’s a great tale of science, in which an inquisitive university lecturer found something totally unexpected in a product everyone had written off. It’s also an entertaining account of the way that seemingly simple discovery caught the international media’s attention, helping enterprising New Zealanders to develop manuka honey-based products and take them all around the globe.
But above all else it’s a story of hope for the future, sounding a note of optimism in a world that for good reason feels saddened and sometimes even afraid about the future of the special relationship we humans have always had with those marvellous creatures, the honey bees.