Since 1955, we have conducted an annual one-week ECG course at Innsbruck. This book represents a summary of our didactic experience. This English translation follows the enlarged sixth German edition. It contains many diagrams and new examples of tracings, such as the orthogonal leads system of Frank, explanation of extreme axis devia tion by the hemiblock concept, atrioventricular conduction disorders (His bundle electrogram), re-entry mechanisms, and the exercise ECG. The limits and dangers of ECG interpretations that, in our opinion, should be emphasized in an introductory presentation, are summarized in a final chapter. Our main aim was to make indigestible material palatable to the beginner; to provide him with a red thread through the labyrinth of ECG patterns by adopting a uniform approach, namely vectorial interpretation, in order to understand especially difficult areas (e. g. the differential diagnosis of infarction) by means of simplified diagrams; and to prepare him for the study of systematic textbooks. We believe that many such books should be read in order to comprehend a subject that is generally considered difficult by physicians and at the same time to promote critical understanding when called upon to evaluate an ECG in practice. The following publications to which we ourselves owe valuable suggestions, even if they are not explicitly mentioned in our text, are recommended: BELZ, G. G., STAUCH, M.: Notfall-EKG-Fibel, 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidel berg, New York: Springer 1977 BUCHNER, C. H., DRAGERT, W.: Schrittmachertherapie des Herzens.
This volume contains contributions presented at the Fourth Internatio nal Workshop on Psychosocial Stress and Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) held in Hoehenried near Munich in July, 1979. The workshop was organized in order to continue and enlarge upon recent discussions concerning empirical evidence and convergence in the field of stress and CHD. Proceedings of the three previous workshops were published in German by Springer-Verlag. The main topic of the 1978 conference was the present state of research in the field of type A behavior and CHD. In addition and in a certain contrast, this present volume concentrates on sociological aspects of stress experience and the development of CHD, especially myocardial infarction. It is thought that a heuristic research device should take into account both situational influences and individual predispositions on a somatic and psychological level. The scope of this book is limited by the research areas represented by the invited participants, and the editors do not claim to give a representative overview, although they include several prominent authorities among the contributors. The final chapter gives a short critical evaluation of the present state of a difficult but promising area of interdisciplinary medical research. For technical reasons discussions held at the workshop could not be included in this volume.