Retailers entering Asia are faced with not only a consumer and retail culture very different from their own, but with a variety of cultures that vary greatly among countries within the continent. International Retailing Plans and Strategies in Asia examines the strategies of Western retailers entering into Asian markets and provides specific case examples showing why some companies have failed in Asia—as well as factors that helped others succeed. Important concepts for international retailers exploring Asian markets are clearly explained, and the material is particularly relevant to current WTO and UNCTAD debates about the globalization of retail markets. Helpful tables, charts, and illustrations make complex information easy to access and understand.
International Retailing Plans and Strategies in Asia examines:
how foreign investment influences domestic retail systems
how strategies for entering European markets can be adapted and applied to various Asian markets
the important practice of incorporating local cultural values into trading relationships in Asian markets
the investment of Japanese retailers in China and the trend toward internationalization in Asia by Asian retailers
the evolution of foreign investment in Korea—with a look at foreign firms’ specific investment strategies
issues of local competition and the need for foreign firms to adapt to local consumer cultures, particularly as analyzed in case studies of Metro Cash and Carry, Toys R Us, and Carrefour
what understanding foreign markets means in terms of adaptation and success for retailers and wholesalersThe material in these pages will help to inform business decisions about how to (and how not to) enter foreign markets and whether or not it is proper for governments to intervene. The chapters in this book, originally presented as papers at a workshop held at Chung-Ang University in Seoul in November 2003, address issues of diversity in international retailing and distribution in Asia. International Retailing Plans and Strategies in Asia is designed to be essential reading for international marketing students, retail researchers, business managers, and policymakers, and to be a useful addition to university business school library collections.
Europe is not a uniform market. Each country is comprised of differing marketing systems of varying importance. Marketing Issues in Western Europe: Changes and Developments clears the fog from marketing practices and strategic issues for this crucial area of the business world. This detailed examination of Western European industries and marketing practices not only clearly explores the shifting trends within the countries described, but can also be seen as a bellwether for neighboring regions on the continent. Respected international experts provide an up-to-date inside look at what the pressing concerns are and what unique strategies work for business in various sectors.
The European Union’s birth can be traced back to 1951 when six countries of Western Europe banded together to form what was then known as the European Coal and Steel Community. Since then, Western Europe has played a significant role as the nucleus for the important marketing trends and industry changes for the entire EU. Marketing Issues in Western Europe: Changes and Developments provides conceptual frameworks, illustrative case studies, deep analytical insights into marketing issues, detailed empirical data, and thoughtful propositions for future testing. International business researchers, business and marketing consultants, developmental agencies, and companies prospectively interested in investment will find this book to be crucial for making decisions involving marketing in the countries of the EU or the rest of the continent. Chapters are richly referenced, and several include tables and charts to clearly illustrate data.
Marketing Issues in Western Europe: Changes and Developments includes:
a thought-provoking look at the multidimensional state of marketing in Western Europe
a probing appraisal of Pan-European marketing with a proposed conceptual framework
a review of the marketing consequences of internal market unification
an exploratory study of marketing practice and market orientation
a penetrating look at the role of domestic animosity in consumer choice
detailed research describing price strategy in the EU
an exploration of the impact of fear appeal in a cross-cultural context
Marketing Issues in Western Europe: Changes and Developments is a probing examination of the dynamic marketing developments in Western European countries to give you the insight needed to effectively prepare for the future.
From the editor:
Europe is not a homogenous mass market. It is rather a heterogeneous market with substantial regional, country, and individual market differences. There are three major sub-markets: European Union (EU) countries, European Free Trade Area (EFTA) countries, and Eastern/Central European (ECE) countries (accession countries). Ten of these countries joined the EU on May 1st, 2004. These countries offer tremendous market opportunities for other European countries, as there is a strong demand in these ten countries for various products and services. Very soon, we will be witnessing the emergence of an enlarged Europe with high market and investment potential.
This resource examines marketing practices and consumer behavior in several EU countries, plus one EFTA country and one Associate EU member country. With conceptual frameworks, case studies, analytical insights into European marketing issues, empirical data, and propositions for future testing, European Perspectives in Marketing presents clear, understandable writing on:
outsourcing industrial products from Eastern and Central European suppliers
cross-cultural differences in the effect of advertising repetition and size—with a case study from Germany
the internationalization of small high-tech firms—with case examples from Norway
the impact of the euro on Italian consumers’ currency adjustment strategies—have they successfully adapted to the new currency by substituting their old internal price references (based on the high-denomination lira) with a new set of references that reflects the low-denomination currency of the euro?
international antitrust strategies and the policies of Pepsi and Coke in Europe as compared to in the United States—and a look at the managerial and public policy implications of US and EU antitrust regulations
recent advances in Information & Communication Technology (ICT) and how they can reduce the communication barriers between and within geographically dispersed organizations
why young Turkish adults (high school and university students, and young people in the workforce) purchase and use mobile telephones for symbolic rather than practical reasons
The future of your business depends on your ability to anticipate changes and developments in consumer behavior. Euromarketing and the Future helps you chart a course for success through the diverse and challenging European markets, presenting research and theory on where they’ve been, where they’re going, and what’s likely to happen when they get there. This unique book doesn’t use tarot cards, fortune tellers or a crystal ball—just an international panel of business scholars who draw on their extensive experience to help you develop effective management and marketing plans for the years to come.
Euromarketing and the Future examines European marketing systems of the past and present to forecast Europe’s likely role in the global economy. The book addresses e-commerce and the Internet as they relate to Europe; privatization and the move toward a market economy in Eastern Europe; the effect of global politics on marketing; Delphi research on possible scenarios that could play out over the next few decades; and how the outlook of consumers (optimistic or pessimistic) can affect the market’s future.
Euromarketing and the Future includes: a political-economic look at the implications of European unification on the last 50 years to make some predictions for the next 50 content analysis of international Web sites that encourage cross-border sales a survey of small retail business managers in Romania on what the influx of large foreign retail chains means to their futures a global paradigm marketing model that illustrates consumer/citizen, institutional, and macro-environmental interdependencies global product and marketing strategies for globalising ICT companies and much more! No one can predict the future. But through thoughtful analysis and examination of major political and economic developments in Western and Eastern Europe, Euromarketing and the Future gives you the head start you need to prepare your business for the likely changes in consumer behavior and marketing that lie ahead.
cross-cultural challenges of executive development
tools and techniques for developing international executives
experiential issues and action learning in global organizations
anticipatory learning for global concernsToday, more than ever, piloting your global organization through a world of changing management systems and executive development programs can be overwhelming. But the unique perspectives you'll find in this time-saving collection will start you off right. So, whether you're a human resource development practitioner, a human resource executive, or an academic in human resource development, you'll profit from the bevy of intellectual insight and real-world experience that some of the world's most successful authorities have organized for you in the pages of Executive Development and Organizational Learning for Global Business.
requirements of and special demands on international managers
managerial leadership in the era of knowledge
strategic leadership and implementation of strategy
management as a fulfillment of purpose
leadership of conflict management
team leadershipWhether you're an individual involved in a management training program, a management consultant, an executive manager, or a student of international management or business, you'll appreciate this book's take on the competitive factors of leadership in international business today. As a textbook, International Management Leadership provides students with a broad perspective on the practice of managerial leadership and organizational life in the global arena--bringing examples to life and going far beyond what is needed to simply pass a course.
These informative essays are further complemented by a number of in-depth case studies that demonstrate the difficulties and potentials for success faced by any business person looking to trade in Eastern European markets. For students, educators, entrepreneurs, and business people everywhere, Successfully Doing Business/Marketing in Eastern Europe is an essential resource and guidebook to understanding and profiting in this unique and often unpredictable region.
real life examples of company successes and failures abroad
attitudes toward middlemen in underdeveloped countries
the advantages of foreign trade shows
locating and using representatives, agents, and/or distributors in foreign countries
the reception of different American products in different countries
potential cultural pitfalls of primary data collecting techniques
the role of time in various cultures
setting standards for product performanceA useful text for students and practitioners alike, Handbook of Cross-Cultural Marketing gives you hands-on strategies and advice for delving into different markets, using techniques that are respectful of individual cultures, and avoiding unnecessary mistakes that can occur if you don't take the initiative to get to know the culture of your new marketplace. Your outlook and beliefs are not the global norm, so read this book to find out how you can be successful with customers who are different from you in terms of motivation, values, beliefs, and outlook.
individual managerial behavioral relationships
organizational designs, job configurations, and CEO orientations
recruiting, placing, motivating, and supporting your staff
identifying a particular unit's work culture and recognizing its characteristics
why a supervisor must be personable to be able to carry out instructions from superiors while gaining allegiance from subordinates
assuring 'good fits’of administrative personnel in various organizational systems
goals--the logical stepping stones for initiating the process of implementation
the constraints particular work systems place on the relationships between managers and others within an organizationAppropriate styles of performance, as Contextual Management illustrates, are contextual, not universal. The fact that you are effective in one environment doesn't mean you will be effective in another. With this book, though, you can change your thinking about functions of leadership, decision making, communication, planning, and implementation and realize congruence in whichever environmental niche your organization moves into next!
Entrepreneurial ideas that look great on the drawing board can turn out to be deal breakers when introduced in real markets, even when they’ve been put through the toughest business modeling tests. The Global Enterprise examines how a healthy relationship between entrepreneurship and globalization can combine with new methods of knowledge creation to enhance economic development and build firm sustainability. This unique book takes a fresh and innovative approach to the practical aspects of international business, including economic cluster formation, network formation, market entry, public policy controls and incentives, economic competitiveness, and the creation of value.
The Global Enterprise offers perspectives from practitioners and academics working in a variety of disciplines in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the United States. Their contributions address many of the vital issues of global business, including value-added chains, cross-border networks, knowledge management, technology transfer, transnational lines of production, distribution, marketing, and financial flows, and the strategic partnerships between government and corporations. The book is illustrated with more than 65 tables and figures, and articles are organized into three sections—“Globalization: Building Firm Sustainability,” “Entrepreneurship and Public Policy: Economic Competitiveness,” and “Knowledge Creation: Knowledge Management, Knowledge Transfer, and Cluster Formation.”
The Global Enterprise examines:
the global transfer of capital
strategic partnerships between governments and multinational firms
the prospects for economic progress in developing countries
the impact of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME)
the role of export regulations in national security and in safeguarding foreign policy
the evolution of the Hard Rock Café
global virtual teams (GVT)
how to implement a knowledge management project
a framework for discussing entrepreneurship from an environmental perspective
and much moreThe Global Enterprise is an essential resource for academics, researchers, and professionals in the field of international business, and for economic development experts and government policymakers.
the nature of cultural influence on consumer behavior
globalization versus customization of international marketing strategy
individualism versus collectivism
right versus left symbolism
consumer response to information technology
interdependent versus independent culturesThe contributors are well-known scholars in the international/cross-cultural marketing field; their chapters present state-of-the-art developments in this area. The coverage of the material is interdisciplinary in nature and is likely to benefit a broad audience, especially academic researchers in international or cross-cultural consumer research and librarians of research-oriented schools, universities, or organizations.
The phenomenal economic growth of many countries in East Asia has no historic parallel. Globalization and East Asia: Opportunities and Challenges examines different aspects of the economic performance of the region over the past three decades, with a focus on what it takes to replicate the experience elsewhere. Nineteen of the finest presentations from the 12th International Conference of the International Trade and Finance Association in Bangkok, Thailand, have been carefully selected and revised by their expert authors, providing powerful, practical economic development approaches that can be used to develop other economies.
This comprehensive volume presents an insightful four-part view of the intricate economic workings of East Asia. The first part introduces the distinctive qualities of the policies that sparked economic growth and development. Part two provides comparative studies of different countries and industries in the region and an in-depth study of the East Asian area over the past fifty years. Part three presents sector specific studies within several countries, focusing on international finance. The fourth part spotlights important industry-specific elements and explores the future of globalization in relation to its effects on East Asia. Each chapter is extensively referenced, and several use tables and charts to clearly reinforce crucial points.
Globalization and East Asia includes topics such as:
the characteristics of East Asian economic growth—and how other areas will benefit
the rapid economic growth of the region since the end of World War II
an evaluation of efficiency and leveraging of assets comparing the United States and the Four Dragon (FD) industries
structural weaknesses within Asian countries
trade flows between the United States and Thailand— a bilateral study
the progress of APEC’s environmental cooperation
financial resource flows during the 1990s
Malaysian financial markets and the Asian financial crisis
China’s economic transition and exchange rate policies
the use of dual production theory as a model in the world economy
Thailand’s telecommunications sector—and how it provides illustration for other sector specific industries in developing countries
development of bilateral trade negotiations between the United States and Vietnam
the status of United States apparel imports
Globalization and East Asia is important, insightful reading for researchers, scholars, and professionals specializing in regional economics and economic development.
Japanese diligence, work ethic, and “Gambarism” or persistence
group orientation: sense of belonging and participation, spirit of harmony, interpersonal relations
aesthetics and perfectionism
curiosity and emphasis on innovation
respect for form and “Hana Yori Dango” or practicality
a mind for competition and outlook on rewards
the value of silence as eloquence
perception of timeAs there is no single uniformly accepted source for the values of today's Japanese citizen or business person, Sai's exploration opens a vital window into understanding many Japanese values and behaviors. The Eight Core Values of the Japanese Businessman is vital reading for those with international business concerns--business and management educators, businesspeople interested in how Japanese managers manage and employees work, and practicing managers interested in cross-cultural management issues. It allows readers to develop good relationships with the Japanese based on a realistic understanding of how they think and act, both individually and as members of business organizations.
This is a story about an accidental activist. Bill Browder started out his adult life as the Wall Street maverick whose instincts led him to Russia just after the breakup of the Soviet Union, where he made his fortune.
Along the way he exposed corruption, and when he did, he barely escaped with his life. His Russian lawyer wasn’t so lucky: he ended up in jail, where he was tortured to death. That changed Browder forever. He saw the murderous heart of the Putin regime and has spent the last half decade on a campaign to expose it. Because of that, he became Putin’s number one enemy, especially after Browder succeeded in having a law passed in the United States that punishes a list of Russians implicated in the lawyer’s murder. Putin famously retaliated with a law that bans Americans from adopting Russian orphans.
A financial caper, a crime thriller, and a political crusade, Red Notice is the story of one man taking on overpowering odds to change the world, and also the story of how, without intending to, he found meaning in his life.
Is it culture, the weather, geography? Perhaps ignorance of what the right policies are?
Simply, no. None of these factors is either definitive or destiny. Otherwise, how to explain why Botswana has become one of the fastest growing countries in the world, while other African nations, such as Zimbabwe, the Congo, and Sierra Leone, are mired in poverty and violence?
Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson conclusively show that it is man-made political and economic institutions that underlie economic success (or lack of it). Korea, to take just one of their fascinating examples, is a remarkably homogeneous nation, yet the people of North Korea are among the poorest on earth while their brothers and sisters in South Korea are among the richest. The south forged a society that created incentives, rewarded innovation, and allowed everyone to participate in economic opportunities.
The economic success thus spurred was sustained because the government became accountable and responsive to citizens and the great mass of people. Sadly, the people of the north have endured decades of famine, political repression, and very different economic institutions—with no end in sight. The differences between the Koreas is due to the politics that created these completely different institutional trajectories.
Based on fifteen years of original research Acemoglu and Robinson marshall extraordinary historical evidence from the Roman Empire, the Mayan city-states, medieval Venice, the Soviet Union, Latin America, England, Europe, the United States, and Africa to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, including:
- China has built an authoritarian growth machine. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the West?
- Are America’s best days behind it? Are we moving from a virtuous circle in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority?
- What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? More philanthropy from the wealthy nations of the West? Or learning the hard-won lessons of Acemoglu and Robinson’s breakthrough ideas on the interplay between inclusive political and economic institutions?
Why Nations Fail will change the way you look at—and understand—the world.
When you drop your Diet Coke can or yesterday's newspaper in the recycling bin, where does it go? Probably halfway around the world, to people and places that clean up what you don't want and turn it into something you can't wait to buy. In Junkyard Planet, Adam Minter-veteran journalist and son of an American junkyard owner-travels deeply into a vast, often hidden, 500-billion-dollar industry that's transforming our economy and environment.
Minter takes us from back-alley Chinese computer recycling operations to recycling factories capable of processing a jumbo jet's worth of trash every day. Along the way, we meet an international cast of characters who have figured out how to squeeze Silicon Valley-scale fortunes from what we all throw away. Junkyard Planet reveals how "going green” usually means making money-and why that's often the most sustainable choice, even when the recycling methods aren't pretty.
With unmatched access to and insight on the waste industry, and the explanatory gifts and an eye for detail worthy of a John McPhee or William Langewiesche, Minter traces the export of America's garbage and the massive profits that China and other rising nations earn from it. What emerges is an engaging, colorful, and sometimes troubling tale of how the way we consume and discard stuff brings home the ascent of a developing world that recognizes value where Americans don't. Junkyard Planet reveals that Americans might need to learn a smarter way to take out the trash.
To most proglobalizers, globalization is a source of economic salvation for developing nations, and to fully benefit from it nations must follow a universal set of rules designed by organizations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Organization and enforced by international investors and capital markets. But to most antiglobalizers, such global rules spell nothing but trouble, and the more poor nations shield themselves from them, the better off they are. Rodrik rejects the simplifications of both sides, showing that poor countries get rich not by copying what Washington technocrats preach or what others have done, but by overcoming their own highly specific constraints. And, far from conflicting with economic science, this is exactly what good economics teaches.
A field guide to the twenty-first century, written by one of its most celebrated observers
We all sense it—something big is going on. You feel it in your workplace. You feel it when you talk to your kids. You can’t miss it when you read the newspapers or watch the news. Our lives are being transformed in so many realms all at once—and it is dizzying.
In Thank You for Being Late, a work unlike anything he has attempted before, Thomas L. Friedman exposes the tectonic movements that are reshaping the world today and explains how to get the most out of them and cushion their worst impacts. You will never look at the world the same way again after you read this book: how you understand the news, the work you do, the education your kids need, the investments your employer has to make, and the moral and geopolitical choices our country has to navigate will all be refashioned by Friedman’s original analysis.
Friedman begins by taking us into his own way of looking at the world—how he writes a column. After a quick tutorial, he proceeds to write what could only be called a giant column about the twenty-first century. His thesis: to understand the twenty-first century, you need to understand that the planet’s three largest forces—Moore’s law (technology), the Market (globalization), and Mother Nature (climate change and biodiversity loss)—are accelerating all at once. These accelerations are transforming five key realms: the workplace, politics, geopolitics, ethics, and community.
Why is this happening? As Friedman shows, the exponential increase in computing power defined by Moore’s law has a lot to do with it. The year 2007 was a major inflection point: the release of the iPhone, together with advances in silicon chips, software, storage, sensors, and networking, created a new technology platform. Friedman calls this platform “the supernova”—for it is an extraordinary release of energy that is reshaping everything from how we hail a taxi to the fate of nations to our most intimate relationships. It is creating vast new opportunities for individuals and small groups to save the world—or to destroy it.
Thank You for Being Late is a work of contemporary history that serves as a field manual for how to write and think about this era of accelerations. It’s also an argument for “being late”—for pausing to appreciate this amazing historical epoch we’re passing through and to reflect on its possibilities and dangers. To amplify this point, Friedman revisits his Minnesota hometown in his moving concluding chapters; there, he explores how communities can create a “topsoil of trust” to anchor their increasingly diverse and digital populations.
With his trademark vitality, wit, and optimism, Friedman shows that we can overcome the multiple stresses of an age of accelerations—if we slow down, if we dare to be late and use the time to reimagine work, politics, and community. Thank You for Being Late is Friedman’s most ambitious book—and an essential guide to the present and the future.
The Bassett Furniture Company was once the world's biggest wood furniture manufacturer. Run by the same powerful Virginia family for generations, it was also the center of life in Bassett, Virginia. But beginning in the 1980s, the first waves of Asian competition hit, and ultimately Bassett was forced to send its production overseas.
One man fought back: John Bassett III, a shrewd and determined third-generation factory man, now chairman of Vaughan-Bassett Furniture Co, which employs more than 700 Virginians and has sales of more than $90 million. In FACTORY MAN, Beth Macy brings to life Bassett's deeply personal furniture and family story, along with a host of characters from an industry that was as cutthroat as it was colorful. As she shows how he uses legal maneuvers, factory efficiencies, and sheer grit and cunning to save hundreds of jobs, she also reveals the truth about modern industry in America.
Drawing on his experience consulting with top companies and NGOs worldwide, Hart shows how to craft your optimal sustainability strategy and overcome the limitations of traditional "greening" approaches. In this edition, he presents new and updated case studies from the United States and around the world, demonstrating what’s working and what isn’t. He also guides business leaders in building an organizational "infrastructure for sustainability"--one that can survive budgeting and boardrooms, recharging innovation and growth throughout your enterprise. Discover:
· The new business case for pursuing sustainable capitalism
· Sustainability strategies that go far beyond environmental sensitivity
· How to fully embed your enterprise in the local context--and why you should
· Tactics for making long-term sustainability work in a short-term world
the development of IHRM MNE and country culture strategic IHRM organizational structure and design international joint ventures and cross-border mergers and acquisitions labor standards, ethics and codes of conduct global talent management selection and management of international assignees training and management development compensation and benefits health and safety and crisis management international HRIS international Human Resource Management departments and professionals.
Uncovering precisely why International Human Resource Management is important for success in international business and how International Human Resource Management policies and practices function within the multinational enterprise, this comprehensive textbook provides an outstanding foundation for understanding the theory and practice of International Human Resource Management. This book is essential reading for all students, lecturers and International Human Resource Management professionals.
Before you invest another dollar anywhere in the world (including the United States), read this book by the man Time magazine calls “the Indiana Jones of finance.”
Jim Rogers became a Wall Street legend when he co-founded the Quantum Fund. Investment Biker is the fascinating story of Rogers’s global motorcycle journey/investing trip, with hardheaded advice on the current state and future direction of international economies that will guide and inspire investors interested in foreign markets.
NOTE: This edition does not include a photo insert.
Beijing's cautious reforms have left the country stuck midway between communism and capitalism, Chang writes. With its impending World Trade Organization membership, for the first time China will be forced to open itself to foreign competition, which will shake the country to its foundations. Economic failure will be followed by government collapse. Covering subjects from party politics to the Falun Gong to the government's insupportable position on Taiwan, Chang presents a thorough and very chilling overview of China's present and not-so-distant future.
From the Hardcover edition.
—New York Times
An international bestseller, The Miracle by business journalist Michael Schuman offers a fascinating exploration of the most meaningful and far-reaching global event since World War II: the economic ascent of the Asian continent. CNN’s Wolf Blitzer calls The Miracle, “An amazing story and it’s all true,” while the New York Times praises Schuman for being, “not just a skilled reporter [but] also a gifted journalistic storyteller.” The Miracle is essential reading for anyone who truly wants to understand today’s—and tomorrow’s—world.
Bok first describes the principal findings of happiness researchers. He considers how reliable the results appear to be and whether they deserve to be taken into account in devising government policies. Recognizing both the strengths and weaknesses of happiness research, Bok looks at the policy implications for economic growth, equality, retirement, unemployment, health care, mental health, family programs, education, and government quality, among other subjects. Timely and incisive, The Politics of Happiness sheds new light on what makes people happy and how government policy could foster greater satisfaction for all.
“There is a temptation, when you are around George Friedman, to treat him like a Magic 8 Ball.” —The New York Times Magazine
With remarkable accuracy, George Friedman has forecasted coming trends in global politics, technology, population, and culture. In Flashpoints, Friedman focuses on Europe—the world’s cultural and power nexus for the past five hundred years . . . until now. Analyzing the most unstable, unexpected, and fascinating borderlands of Europe and Russia—and the fault lines that have existed for centuries and have been ground zero for multiple catastrophic wars—Friedman highlights, in an unprecedentedly personal way, the flashpoints that are smoldering once again.
The modern-day European Union was crafted in large part to minimize built-in geopolitical tensions that historically have torn it apart. As Friedman demonstrates, with a mix of rich history and cultural analysis, that design is failing. Flashpoints narrates a living history of Europe and explains, with great clarity, its most volatile regions: the turbulent and ever-shifting land dividing the West from Russia (a vast area that currently includes Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania); the ancient borderland between France and Germany; and the Mediterranean, which gave rise to Judaism and Christianity and became a center of Islamic life.
Through Friedman’s seamless narrative of townspeople and rivers and villages, a clear picture of regions and countries and history begins to emerge. Flashpoints is an engrossing analysis of modern-day Europe, its remarkable past, and the simmering fault lines that have awakened and will be pivotal in the near future. This is George Friedman’s most timely and, ultimately, riveting book.
From the Hardcover edition.
• learn effective ways to deal with Chinese businesspeople and private and state-owned companies;
• analyze whether certain products or services are viable for the Chinese market;
• understand the psyche of the “Mao Generation” Chinese who are now China’s business owners, executives, and government leaders; and
• develop low-cost, market-entry strategies
Filled with clear, tangible steps and applicable personal anecdotes, Selling to China bridges the gap between Western and Chinese cultures, languages, and histories to help businesses enter the Chinese marketplace.
Reimagining India features an all-star cast of contributors, including CNN’s Fareed Zakaria; Mukesh Ambani, CEO of India’s largest private conglomerate; Microsoft founder Bill Gates; Google chairman Eric Schmidt; Harvard Business School dean Nitin Nohria; award-winning authors Suketu Mehta (Maximum City), Edward Luce (In Spite of the Gods), and Patrick French (India: A Portrait); Nandan Nilekani, Infosys cofounder and chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India; and a host of other leading executives, entrepreneurs, economists, foreign policy experts, journalists, historians, and cultural luminaries. These essays explore topics like the strengths and weaknesses of India’s political system, growth prospects for India’s economy, the competitiveness of Indian firms, India’s rising international profile, and the rapid evolution of India’s culture.
Over the next decade India has the opportunity to show the rest of the developing world how open, democratic societies can achieve high growth and shared prosperity. Contributors offer creative strategies for seizing that opportunity. But they also offer a frank assessment of the risks that India’s social and political fractures will instead thwart progress, condemning hundreds of millions of people to enduring poverty. Reimagining India is a critical resource for readers seeking to understand how this vast and vital nation is changing—and how it promises to change the world around us.
But as Ghetto at the Center of the World shows us, a trip to Chungking Mansions reveals a far less glamorous side of globalization. A world away from the gleaming headquarters of multinational corporations, Chungking Mansions is emblematic of the way globalization actually works for most of the world’s people. Gordon Mathews’s intimate portrayal of the building’s polyethnic residents lays bare their intricate connections to the international circulation of goods, money, and ideas. We come to understand the day-to-day realities of globalization through the stories of entrepreneurs from Africa carting cell phones in their luggage to sell back home and temporary workers from South Asia struggling to earn money to bring to their families. And we see that this so-called ghetto—which inspires fear in many of Hong Kong’s other residents, despite its low crime rate—is not a place of darkness and desperation but a beacon of hope.
Gordon Mathews’s compendium of riveting stories enthralls and instructs in equal measure, making Ghetto at the Center of the World not just a fascinating tour of a singular place but also a peek into the future of life on our shrinking planet.
Drawing on her expertise in both comparative politics and international relations and on her experience as a former public official, Lancaster provides five in-depth case studies—the United States, Japan, France, Germany, and Denmark—that demonstrate how domestic politics and international pressures combine to shape how and why donor governments give aid. In doing so, she explores the impact on foreign aid of political institutions, interest groups, and the ways governments organize their giving. Her findings provide essential insight for scholars of international relations and comparative politics, as well as anyone involved with foreign aid or foreign policy.
But cross-border differences are larger than we often assume, explains Pankaj Ghemawat in Redefining Global Strategy. Most economic activity—including direct investment, tourism, and communication—happens locally, not internationally.
In this “semiglobalized” world, one-size-fits-all strategies don’t stand a chance. Companies must instead reckon with cross-border differences. Ghemawat shows you how—by providing tools for:
· Assessing the cultural, administrative, geographic, and economic differences between countries at the industry level and deciding which ones merit attention.
· Tracking the implications of particular border-crossing moves for your company’s ability to create value.
· Creating superior performance with strategies optimized for adaptation (adjusting to differences), aggregation (overcoming differences), and arbitrage (exploiting differences), and for compound objectives.
In-depth examples reveal how companies such as Cemex, Toyota, Procter & Gamble, Tata Consultancy Services, IBM, and GE Healthcare have adroitly managed cross-border differences—as well as how other well-known companies have failed at this challenge.
Crucial for any business competing across borders, this book will transform the way you approach global strategy.