"This book represents the most current information on the care of the MS patientÖ.This will be an unparalleled resource for all nurses caring for MS patients and families."-Amy Perrin Ross, APN, MSN, CNRN, MSCN
Among the many responsibilities of the Multiple Sclerosis (MS) nurse, perhaps the most important is to help patients devise, learn, and implement self-care strategies to improve their wellness and quality of life. Taking a fresh perspective on the complex role of the MS nurse, this comprehensive clinical reference demonstrates how nurses can change the lives of patients with MS.
This newly revised edition is completely reorganized, refocused, and updated throughout to provide a stronger focus on instilling hope in patients and helping them regain their independence. The special feature of this new edition is the incorporation of the Morgante Conceptual Framework of Hope, a model of care that helps nurses integrate the concept of hope into clinical practice. The book also illustrates how to deliver nursing care that is both culturally sensitive and life span appropriate.Key features:
Uses detailed case studies to highlight the various roles of the MS nurse: the care provider, facilitator, advocate, educator, counselor, and innovatorIncorporates the Morgante Conceptual Framework of Hope into every chapterProvides practical guidance on disease and symptom management, alternative medicine, sexuality and family planning, and pediatric patients Discusses how to maximize the effectiveness of pharmacotherapeutics
New content throughout includes a chapter on pain management, updated findings on primary care issues, neurologic complications, and the interrelated importance of interdisciplinary coordination, the role of ethics, professionalism, and the ability to deliver culturally competent care. New diagnostic tests and pharmacologic strategies provide an extensive arsenal of improved treatment options, and updated guidelines for managing symptoms address impaired mobility and bladder/bowel dysfunction. Updated pedagogical features include new chapter objectives, enhanced case examples, end-of-chapter review questions, and revised certification review questions. The text also serves as a practical review for nurses planning to take the MS nursing certification exam to become a multiple sclerosis certified nurse (MSCN).
NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION:Provides thoroughly updated content throughoutFocuses on the role of the APRN in primary careStresses the importance of early and aggressive symptom interventionsIncludes a new chapter on pain managementOffers chapter objectives and review questionsProvides enhanced case examplesServes as a reliable study review for the MSCN exam, with revised certification review questionsCovers primary care issues and neurologic complicationsStresses interdisciplinary involvementIlluminates new diagnostic tests and pharmacologic strategies, such as treatment of acute attacks, immune-modulating and symptomatic therapies, and nonpharmacologic interventionsPresents updated guidelines for managing symptomsEmphasizes the role of nursing in helping patients achieve independence and improved life qualityIncludes new content on ethics, professionalism, and culturally competent care
Nursing Practice in Multiple Sclerosis offers a vast reservoir of information for MS nurse specialists and students, providing an excellent day-to-day reference as well as a comprehensive review for nurses who intend to take the MS nursing certification exam. It is a companion volume to Comprehensive Nursing Care in Multiple Sclerosis and Advanced Concepts in Multiple Sclerosis Nursing Care.This updated edition includes:
New diagnostic tests and pharmacologic strategies, including the treatment of acute attacks, immuno-modulating and symptomatic therapies, and nonpharmacologic interventionsUpdated guidelines for managing symptoms, such as impaired mobility and bladder/ bowel dysfunctionA stronger focus on the role of nursing in helping patients to achieve independence, empowerment, and improved quality of lifeNew content in ethics, professionalism, and delivering culturally competent careUpdated references, thought-provoking certification questions, and new case studies
Debilitating brain disorders are on the rise-from children diagnosed with autism and ADHD to adults developing dementia at younger ages than ever before. But a medical revolution is underway that can solve this problem: Astonishing new research is revealing that the health of your brain is, to an extraordinary degree, dictated by the state of your microbiome - the vast population of organisms that live in your body and outnumber your own cells ten to one. What's taking place in your intestines today is determining your risk for any number of brain-related conditions.
In BRAIN MAKER, Dr. Perlmutter explains the potent interplay between intestinal microbes and the brain, describing how the microbiome develops from birth and evolves based on lifestyle choices, how it can become "sick," and how nurturing gut health through a few easy strategies can alter your brain's destiny for the better. With simple dietary recommendations and a highly practical program of six steps to improving gut ecology, BRAIN MAKER opens the door to unprecedented brain health potential.
900 full-color illustrations
Principles of Neural Science, 5e describes our current understanding of how the nerves, brain, and mind function. From molecules to anatomic structures and systems to cognitive function, this comprehensive reference covers all aspects of neuroscience. Widely regarded as the field’s cornerstone reference, the fifth edition is highlighted by more than 900 full-color illustrations. The fifth edition has been completely updated to reflect the tremendous amount of new research and development in neuroscience in the last decade. Lead author Eric Kandel was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2000.
With a traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurring every 18.5 seconds in this country - concussions the most common - chances are you have been touched in some way by this experience. TBIs occur due to accidents and sports, and are also common in returning soldiers. The personal stories in this book, by TBI survivors and those who love and support them, will help and encourage you and your family on your road to recovery.
In The Migraine Miracle, a neurologist with a personal history of migraines offers readers the revolutionary dietary cure that has worked for him and continues to work for his patients: a diet low in wheat, sugar, and processed foods, and high in organic, protein-rich animal products. The book also explores the link between inflammation, diet, and migraines, and contains a 21-day meal plan to help readers change the way they eat. By following this easy meal plan, millions of sufferers will discover a life free from symptoms—once and for all.
The book includes comprehensive, research-based information that explains what the brain goes through during a migraine headache, the phases of the migraine, and how a diagnosis is made. It also explores the risks and benefits of migraine medication, natural remedies for migraines, dietary migraine triggers, and detailed, specific instructions for a migraine-free eating plan.
If you have tried migraine medicine but have not found real relief, it’s time to try something new. By changing the way you eat, and understanding what foods can trigger your migraine, you can start feeling better longer, without the threat of a migraine always looming over everything you do.
The goal of neurological critical care is to rapidly deliver acute medical therapies and appropriate interventions through effective monitoring of both neurological and end organ function. The NeuroICU Book puts that goal within the reach of every neurologist and critical care specialist.
Combining the latest clinical perspectives in critical care medicine, neurology, and neurosurgery, this comprehensive, evidence-based text standardizes neurocritical care and takes you through the rationale for those standards. Filled with detailed case studies and featuring a question-and-answer format, the book not only builds competency in recognizing acute changes in neurological function, but also addresses all organ insufficiencies and failures, reflecting the real-life challenges in the modern neuro-ICU.
FEATURESRobust, wide-ranging scope goes beyond classic neurology to encompass other organ failures at the time of presentation or during the ICU stay Evidence-based approach leverages the scientific and controlled research that supports the key treatment methods outlined in the book Balanced coverage of neuro care and critical care offers outstanding preparation for the neurocritical care board certification exam as well as an indispensible primer for daily clinical work in critical care medicine Cutting-edge insights into the care used in some of the more advanced neuroICUs provides a crucial blueprint for understanding the newer procedures and protocols Practical tools including algorithms, tables, illustration, photographs, detailed references, and critical take-home points
The definitive text on the full-spectrum of neurology for decades, Adams and Victor's provides the treatment and management strategies needed to confidently handle both common and rare neurologic conditions. Written in a clear, consistent tone, this classic resource will meet the needs of the seasoned professional or the aspiring clinician. Written from the perspective of the general neurologist, Adams and Victor's has been hailed as the most detailed, thorough, and authoritative text available on the subject.
Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, Tenth Edition describes the various categories of neurologic disease and the main diseases that constitute each. Each subject is introduced by a detailed discussion of the symptoms and signs of disordered nervous function, their anatomic and physiologic bases, and their clinical implications. Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology is logically divided into six parts:The Clinical Method of Neurology Cardinal Manifestations of Neurologic Disease Growth and Development of the Nervous System in the Neurology of Aging Major Categories of Neurologic Disease Diseases of the Spinal Cord, Peripheral Nerve, and Muscle Psychiatric Disorders
The Tenth Edition is highlighted by the welcome addition of full-color photographs, expanded coverage of important subspecialties, and an increased number of tables and figures. Edition after edition, Adams and Victor's has stayed true to its original mission: to provide a well-written, readable text emphasizing a disciplined presentation of clinical data and lucid descriptions of underlying disease processes.
Brain Injury Medicine, 2nd Edition Features:The acknowledged gold standard reference-brings together knowledge, experience, and evidence-based medicineComprehensive and current-completely revised, updated, and expanded to include emerging topics and the latest clinical and research advances Multi-disciplinary focus-expert authorship from a wide range of specialties promotes a holistic team approach to a complex, many-faceted condition Covers the entire continuum of care from early diagnosis and assessment through acute management, rehabilitation, associated medical and quality of life issues, and functional outcomes
New to the Second Edition:Three new Associate Editors from related disciplines provide added expertise Five new sections: acute rehabilitative care, pediatric TBI, special senses, autonomic and other organ system problems, post-trauma pain disorders 25 new chapters running the gamut from health policy to biomechanics, to military TBI to pediatric issues and more Print + Digital Access: Purchase price includes enhanced e-book containing the complete and fully searchable text plus additional digital-only content
Although there is no known cure for Fibromyalgia, latest advances in medical science have gained a lot of knowledge about this unusual disease. There are now treatment options available. There are also natural remedies available to help with Fibromyalgia pain relief.
"Fibromyalgia STOP!" is packed with the latest cutting edge information on Fibromyalgia and it took over 1 year to research, gather the data and compile it into this new eBook.
Just imagine it is possible to start getting relief from Fibromyalgia pain in as little as 7 days!
Here's what you'll discover in "Fibromyalgia STOP!":
- How to better understand how Fibromyalgia affects your body...
- What are possible causes of Fibromyalgia...
- 3 little known, yet simple ways to use diet to help relief your pain...
- Newer medicine available to treat fibromyalgia...
- Secrets from experts that few people ever know about...
- 3 proven steps to using alternative therapies to get yourself on the road to free from pain...
- 2 simple keys (that are right in front of your eyes) to using home remedies to treat your symptoms...
- WARNING: 3 things you should never do when it comes to relieving Fibromyalgia pain...
- You'll discover in just a few short minutes how to make sure you what you are experiencing is actually Fibromyalgia...
- 6 time tested and proven strategies for using herbs to increase your sinus health...
- 7 everyday but often overlooked tips and tricks for using alternative medicine like acupuncture and acupressure to relief pain...
- and much more...
• Comprehensive guide to neurology and neurosurgery for medical students and junior doctors – competing books do not cover both areas.
• Graphic approach to the subject – concise text is arranged around clear and memorable line diagrams. Readers find this approach accessible and easy to learn form.
• Clarifies a subject area which students tend to find difficult and forbidding.
Updated and revised in all areas where there have been developments in understanding of neurological disease and in neurological and neurosurgical management. This revision has also incorporated current guidelines, particularly recommendations from National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).
The book presents diffusion imaging in the context of well-established, classical experimental techniques, so that readers will be able to assess the scope and limitations of the new imaging technology with respect to techniques available previously.
All chapters are written by leading international experts and cover methodology, validation of the imaging technology, application of diffusion imaging to the study of variation and development of normal brain anatomy, and disruption to the white matter in neurological disease or psychiatric disorder.
• Discusses all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition, through analysis, to interpretation, providing an essential reference text for scientists designing or interpreting diffusion MR experiments
• Practical advice on running an experiment
• Full color throughout
Stephan Jenkins, singer for the band Third Eye Blind, says methamphetamine makes you feel bright and shiny, but it also makes you pathetically and relentlessly self-destructive, so much so that you will do unconscionable things to feel bright and shiny again. This drug, made easily in clandestine labs from over-the-counter ingredients, can also cause depression, rapid tooth decay, psychosis, sensations of flesh crawling with bugs, paranoia, skin lesions, and kidney damage. Still, use has spread nationwide from California to Maine, with known addictions now highest in the West, Midwest, and South. Treatment admissions for methamphetamine addictions have increased more than fivefold in the last decade, with a federal report in 2006 showing 136,000 known cases. Meth is particularly addictive to women because it causes rapid weight loss. The results, as shown in recent cover stories in Newsweek, National Geographic, and USA Today, are pain for far more than the abuser. Meth addiction also ravages life for spouses, children, and other family members, as well as communities.
In this work, two experts on methamphetamine addiction and recovery explain why this drug has such a physical, psychological, and social draw for addicts despite all the damage it causes. Vignettes from addicts let us see inside the subculture of meth users. Authors Taylor and Covey explain why this drug and its addiction is different from other illicit drugs, and therefore why the treatment needs to be specifically tailored in order to be effective. This book, focused only on the addiction avenues and paths to recovery, is a perfect companion to Covey's earlier book, The Metehamphetamine Crisis (Praeger, 2006), which details the emergence and history of this drug use in the United States, as well as the social and community effects, and criminal justice approaches, successes, and failures to date. This book at hand will appeal to meth abusers, their families, and professionals trying to aid recovery from this new scourge, including substance abuse treatment providers, health professionals, psychologists, school personnel, and criminal justice staff.
Expedites reference and review with a question-and-answer format, bulleted lists, mnemonics, and practical tips from the authors.
Features a two-color page layout, "Key Points" boxes, and lists of useful web sites to enhance your reference power.
Presents a chapter containing "Top 100 Secrets," providing you with a quick and concise overview of essential material for last-minute study or self-assessment.
Fits comfortably in the pocket of your lab coat to allow quick access to essential information when you need it the most.
Presents completely revised chapters, covering all of today's most common neurologic conditions and their treatment to keep you up to date.
When will there be a cure?
Dr. Howard Weiner has spent nearly three decades trying to find answers to the mysteries of multiple sclerosis, an utterly confounding and debilitating disease that afflicts almost half a million Americans. Curing MS is his moving, personal account of the long-term scientific quest to pinpoint the origins of the disease and to find a breakthrough treatment for its victims.
Dr. Weiner has been at the cutting edge of MS research and drug development, and he describes in clear and illuminating detail the science behind the symptoms and how new drugs may hold the key to "taming the monster." From the "Twenty-one Points" of MS--a concise breakdown of the knowns and unknowns of the disease--to stories from the frontlines of laboratories and hospitals, Curing MS offers a message of hope about new treatments and makes a powerful argument that a cure can--and will--be found.
From the Hardcover edition.
*Contains thorough tutorial treatments, coupled with coverage of advanced topics
*Three of the four holders of the prestigious Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Medical Imaging Scientist Award are chapter contributors
*Include color artwork
This second edition will be valuable to anyone who sees patients with neurologic complaints, whether in primary care or the neurology clinic.
The book is organized into five sections for easy access. Section I covers basic neurosciences, including neurochemistry, clinical neuroanatomy, and genetics. Section II discusses clinical neurology, with chapters devoted to the major diseases and disorders, including stroke, head trauma, dementia, epilepsy, and movement disorders, among others. In Section III, NCS, EMG, EEG, evoked potentials, and sleep neurology are covered, with images to enhance understanding of fundamental neurophysiologic techniques. Section IV covers pediatrics, while the final section contains nine chapters on subspecialties, including neurorehabilitation, adult and child psychiatry, neurourology, neurooncology, and more.
Each chapter has been fully reviewed, revised, and updated to reflect current knowledge and practice and presents the information in an outline format, ideal for test preparation. Crucial topics and high-yield data are highlighted in bold or italic for maximal retention. With several new features, such as suggested readings and a “cheat sheet” at the end of each chapter, this third edition of Ultimate Review for the Neurology Boards is essential reading for anyone taking the neurology boards or MOC exam.
The Revised Third Edition Features:
A completely revised and expanded practice test with all new questions
“NB” (nota bene) items, which highlight key points to remember for the exams
A “Cheat Sheet” in each chapter, with quick pearls, mnemonics, and definitions
Suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter
This is a detailed and practical guide to botulinum neurotoxin therapy (BoNT) and the wide range of applications for neurological and pain disorders. A unique reference source for new injectors and experienced clinicians alike, this indispensable manual provides information on dose, dilution, and indications for all four FDA-approved toxins in one handy text.
Following a brief review of relevant pharmacology, the book provides product information and comparative distinctions between the four FDA-approved toxins (BotoxÆ, MyoblocÆ, XeominÆ, and DysportÆ), along with indications and doses for FDA-approved conditions, guidance techniques, and common and emerging clinical applications. The heart of the book is an injection manual, organized anatomically and by condition and covering all applications for medical treatment. For each condition or site, information is provided on typical muscle pattern or muscle groups involved, dosing guidelines and dilution for the applicable toxins, number of injection sites, and potential risks and benefits. Targeting techniques are organized in table format for quick retrieval. Anatomic illustrations and cross-sections are provided to orient injectors and help identify optimal insertion points. An appendix with useful clinical rating scales is also included.Key Features:Presents state-of-the-art information about current indications for all four FDA-approved botulinum neurotoxinsCompares and contrasts the four toxins along with common and emerging clinical applicationsProvides dosing guidelines for various indications and injection sites for each muscleIncludes anatomic drawings and cross-sections to illustrate muscle relationships and insertion pointsServes as a practical, portable, how-to guide for new and experienced clinicians
This Fifth Edition has been extensively updated to reflect current advances in understanding how the diet works, how it should be used, and the future role of the diet as a treatment. Six new chapters address how to integrate the diet into all cultures, religions, and taste preferences new information on modified and less restrictive versions of the diet, and the Modified Atkins Diet for Epilepsy are included. The book also covers exciting new research that shows the diet may work for people with other neurological illnesses.
This best-seller also includes sample meal plans, a food database, how to calculate foods, and much more.
Neurophysiology in Neurosurgery is a valuable educational tool that describes the theoretical and practical aspects of intraoperative monitoring through example. The authors provide in-depth descriptions of the most advanced techniques in intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring and guidelines for the management of neuroanesthesia during MEP monitoring.
Experts Acclaim for "Addiction--What's Really Going On?"
"Once I started reading Addiction--What's Really Going On? I couldnot put it down! You can tell the passion the author has as you read it.I can also tell how she learned about methadone and the patients as sheprogressed in her work."
--Roxanne Baker, CMA, President National Alliance of Methadone Advocates (NAMA)
"Addiction--What's Really Going On? is gritty and gripping as you enterthe lives of those who are like crabs trying to get out of a barrel. Hopecomes when you realize that there are people in this world committed tounselfish service who have unconditional love for others. Thank you Deborahand Barbara for showing us your humanity and for what we canaspire to."
--Anusha Amen-Ra, CNC, CEO, Sacred Space Healing and Retreat Centers International, Inc.
"Addiction--What's Really Going On? is a truthful look into the worldof Methadone Treatment with a mix of compassion and humor. It is agreat read for those in the recovery field and provides insight for thosewho do not understand the life of addiction and recovery."
--Lori Carter-Runyon, Executive Director Hilltop Recovery Services
"I recommend this book to audiences in any helping profession, people in recovery, the families of drug addicts, and the users themselves."
--Bill Urell, MA, CAAP-II, Addictions Therapist Author, "The Addiction Recovery Help Guide"
About the Author
Barbara Sinor, PhD is a Psychospiritual Therapist working with individuals dealing with addictions, childhood abuse/incest, PTSD, and adult children of alcoholics. Barbara utilizes a holistic methodology in her counseling encompassing forms of hypnotherapy, regression therapy, Gestalt, Jungian dreamwork, and other transpersonal techniques.Dr. Sinor holds a Doctorate in Psychology; an MA from John F. Kennedy University; and a BA from Pitzer College.
For more information, please visit www.DrSinor.com
From Loving Healing Press www.LovingHealing.com
Psychology: Psychopathology - Addiction
For those involved in the identification and management of patients with inborn errors of metabolism, this book is now recognised as the standard textbook in this interdisciplinary field. It has proved to be indispensable for professionals in specialities ranging from pediatrics, neonatology, pathological biochemistry and genetics to neurology, internal medicine, nursing, dietetics and psychology. This 5th edition has been extensively revised and updated.
What ́s new
- Additional chapter focusing on inborn errors affecting adults, particularly the late neurological presentations
- Numerous updates on diagnostic procedures and treatment
- Newly discovered disorders.
As with previous editions, the book opens with a section presenting the clinical approach to inborn metabolic diseases for those cases in which a diagnosis is being sought. This now includes a chapter on the clinical presentation of metabolic diseases in the older age range, using an analogous structure. If a particular diagnosis is already suspected, the reader may refer to the following sections of the book containing general chapters on diagnostic procedures and treatment, and on specific groups of disorders. As with earlier editions, the chapters have been written by authors who are internationally recognised experts on their subjects. They provide information in a clear, relevant and concise manner using a coherent structure.
This volume presents neuroprotection and novel therapeutic strategies developed in the last 5 years by 12 world leaders in the field. The term neuroprotection means rescuing neuronal and non-neuronal cells together. The cerebral endothelium that constitutes the anatomical and physiological site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is one of the most important non-neural cells in the CNS. Any distortion of the BBB leads to brain diseases and restoration of the barrier results in neuroprotection. Thus, the BBB appears to be the "gateway" for neurological diseases and neurorepair. However, to treat brain tumors or infarcts, new therapeutic strategies are needed to enhance brain drug delivery using nanotechnology. In addition, apart from conventional drugs, restoration of BBB function could also be achieved by means of antibodies directed against specific proteins, neurotransmitters or exogenous supplement of neurotrophic factors. Since co-morbidity factors e.g., hypertension, diabetes, and exposure of nanoparticles could complicate the pathogenesis of neurological disorders either an enhanced dose of the drug or nanodelivery of a combination of several drugs is needed to achieve neuroprotection.
This volume of International Review of Neurobiology is the first to discuss novel therapeutic strategies in situations of neurological disorders in combination with different co-morbidity factors.Reviews written by experts in such a way that provides basic knowledge for beginners and advanced information for researchers and expertsNew aspects of Neurodegenerative diseases such as; Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis are presented with the latest therapeutic measuresExacerbation of brain pathology in hypertension or diabetes is discussed for the first time
Prevention practices have emerged in a variety of settings, including programs for selected at-risk populations (such as children and youth in the child welfare system), school-based interventions, interventions in primary care settings, and community services designed to address a broad array of mental health needs and populations.
Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People updates a 1994 Institute of Medicine book, Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders, focusing special attention on the research base and program experience with younger populations that have emerged since that time.
Researchers, such as those involved in prevention science, mental health, education, substance abuse, juvenile justice, health, child and youth development, as well as policy makers involved in state and local mental health, substance abuse, welfare, education, and justice will depend on this updated information on the status of research and suggested directions for the field of mental health and prevention of disorders.
Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo.
This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie.Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout
Presents an instructive format that fosters a thorough understanding of complex neuroanatomy, emphasizing the functional perspective and supplemented with clinical aspects Incorporates enhanced illustrations, retaining the selective labeling of the nuclei and tracts (pathways) Includes new material explaining the visual system, meninges, venous system, and limbic system Features a substantial increase in the number of neuroradiological (CT and MRI) images
An accompanying Web site (www.atlasbrain.com) includes the book’s illustrations along with rollover labeling, animation of the pathways and connections, a glossary, and narrated video demonstrations of the brain.
This technique-specific book is primarily of benefit to those in training in general radiology and more specifically for Residents and Fellows who are training in interventional radiology and who may be taking subspeciality certificate examinations in interventional radiology. In addition, this book will be of help to most practicing interventional radiologists, be they be in academic or private practice. This is the kind of book that can be left in the interventional lab and will be of benefit to ancillary staff, such as technicians/radiographers or nurses who are specialising in the care of patients referred to interventional radiology.
This volume on neurointervention will enhance the series by expounding on the specific techniques required when working on conditions of the head, neck and spine.