• How to overcome shyness and put other people at ease
• How to choose an appropriate conversation topic for any situation
• How to ace a job interview, run a meeting, and mingle at a cocktail party
• What the most successful conversationalists have in common
• The one great question you can ask to enhance your conversation with anyone, anytime, anywhere
From the Hardcover edition.
In his book, Carmine Gallo has broken down hundreds of TED talks and interviewed the most popular TED presenters, as well as the top researchers in the fields of psychology, communications, and neuroscience to reveal the nine secrets of all successful TED presentations. Gallo's step-by-step method makes it possible for anyone to deliver a presentation that is engaging, persuasive, and memorable.
Carmine Gallo's top 10 Wall Street Journal Bestseller Talk Like TED will give anyone who is insecure about their public speaking abilities the tools to communicate the ideas that matter most to them, the skill to win over hearts and minds, and the confidence to deliver the talk of their lives.
The opinions expressed by Carmine Gallo in TALK LIKE TED are his own. His book is not endorsed, sponsored or authorized by TED Conferences, LLC or its affiliates.
In public speaking, as in any form of communication, there are five basic elements, often expressed as "who is saying what to whom using what medium with what effects?" The purpose of public speaking can range from simply transmitting information, to motivating people to act, to simply telling a story. Good orators should be able to change the emotions of their listeners, not just inform them. Public speaking can also be considered a discourse community. Interpersonal communication and public speaking have several components that embrace such things as motivational speaking, leadership/personal development, business, customer service, large group communication, and mass communication. Public speaking can be a powerful tool to use for purposes such as motivation, influence, persuasion, informing, translation, or simply entertaining. A confident speaker is more likely to use this as excitement and create effective speech thus increasing their overall ethos.
Dale Breckenridge Carnegie (originally Carnagey until 1922 and possibly somewhat later) (November 24, 1888 – November 1, 1955) was an American writer, lecturer, and the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. Born in poverty on a farm in Missouri, he was the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936), a massive bestseller that remains popular today. He also wrote How to Stop Worrying and Start Living (1948), Lincoln the Unknown (1932), and several other books.
Perhaps one of Carnegie’s most successful marketing moves was to change the spelling of his last name from “Carnagey” to Carnegie, at a time when Andrew Carnegie (unrelated) was a widely revered and recognized name. By 1916, Dale was able to rent Carnegie Hall itself for a lecture to a packed house. Carnegie's first collection of his writings was Public Speaking: a Practical Course for Business Men (1926), later entitled Public Speaking and Influencing Men in Business (1932). His crowning achievement, however, was when Simon & Schuster published How to Win Friends and Influence People. The book was a bestseller from its debut in 1936, in its 17th printing within a few months. By the time of Carnegie's death, the book had sold five million copies in 31 languages, and there had been 450,000 graduates of his Dale Carnegie Institute. It has been stated in the book that he had critiqued over 150,000 speeches in his participation in the adult education movement of the time. During World War I he served in the U.S. Army.
One of the core ideas in his books is that it is possible to change other people's behavior by changing one's reaction to them.
Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.
English Synonyms – A
001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke
002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension
003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent
004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight
005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough
006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance
007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed
008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness
009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf
010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction
011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore
012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust
013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage
014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront
015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed
016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering
017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute
018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate
019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation
020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential
021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift
022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying
While up-to-date in its language and points of reference, Public Speaking for Success preserves the full range of ideas and methods that appeared in the original: including Carnegie's complete speech and diction exercises, which follow each chapter, as the author originally designated them. This edition restores Carnegie's original appendix of the three complete self-help classics: Acres of Diamonds by Russell H. Conwell, As a Man Thinketh by James Allen, and A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard. Carnegie included these essays in his original edition because, although they do not directly relate to public speaking, he felt they would be of great value to the readers. Here is the definitive update of the best-loved public-speaking book of all time.
Every time we open our mouths, we have an effect on ourselves and the way others perceive us. The ability to speak clearly and confidently can make or break a presentation, an important meeting, or even a first date. Now, with the advent of Skype, YouTube, podcasting, Vine, and any number of reality talent competitions, your vocal presence has never been more necessary for success or more central to achieving your dreams.
Roger Love has over 30 years of experience as one of the world's leading authorities on voice. Making use of the innovative techniques that have worked wonders with his professional clients, Love distills the best of his teaching in SET YOUR VOICE FREE, and shares exercises that will help readers bring emotion, range, and power to the way they speak.
This updated edition incorporates what he's learned in the last 15 years as the Internet and talent competitions have completely changed the role your voice plays in your life. These are the new essentials for sounding authentic, persuasive, distinctive, and real in a world that demands nothing less.
Robin Meade offers her own tried-and-true four-step approach to building confidence. Her trademark warm, personal style translates from the screen to the page in this book, which will give readers even more insight into the young woman who came out of nowhere to become one of the most popular news anchors on television today.
Sample This: Difficult English Words -- A --
0001 -- abandon (v.) -- to discard; to dump; to leave sb/sth permanently || related words: abandoned (adj.), abandonment (n.)
0002 -- abase (v.) -- to do sth that makes people have less respect for you; to degrade || related word: abasement (n.)
0003 -- abashed (adj.) -- ashamed in a social situation; embarrassed
0004 -- abate (v.) -- to become very weak; to fade away; to subside || related word: abatement (n.)
0005 -- abdicate (v.) -- to step down from the position of being king; to renounce; to give up || related word: abdication (n.)
0006 -- aberrant (adj.) -- abnormal, unsocial or weird; nonstandard || related word: aberration (n.)
0007 -- abet (v.) -- to assist, encourage or support sb in doing sth illegal, immoral, etc.
0008 -- abhor (v.) -- to extremely hate or dislike sb/sth for ethical reasons; to detest || related words: abhorrent (adj.), abhorrence (n.)
0009 -- abide (v.) -- to reside somewhere
0010 -- abiding (adj.) -- (of feelings, ideas, etc.) long lasting
0011 -- abject (adj.) -- having no hope or self-esteem; miserable || related word: abjectly (adv.)
0012 -- abjure (v.) -- to give up a belief or idea publicly; to renounce
0013 -- ablaze (adj.) -- on fire; afire | full of strong feelings, bright lights, etc.
0014 -- ablutions (n.) -- action of cleaning or washing yourself
0015 -- abnegate (v.) -- to reject sth that you like; to renounce || related word: abnegation (n.)
0016 -- abode (n.) -- the place where you reside/live; residence
0017 -- abolish (v.) -- to get rid of a law, rule, etc. officially; to eliminate || related words: abolition (n.), abolitionist (n.)
0018 -- abominate (v.) -- to hate intensely || related words: abominable (adj.), abomination (n.)
0019 -- aboriginal (adj.) -- primitive
0020 -- abortive (adj.) -- (of an action) unsuccessful
0021 -- abound (v.) -- to be plentiful
0022 -- about-turn (n.) -- reversal of a plan or opinion, etc.
0023 -- above board (adj./adv.) -- honest or genuine / honestly or genuinely
0024 -- abrasion (n.) -- cut or scratch
0025 -- abrasive (adj.) -- rough | rude || related words: abrasively (adv.), abrasiveness (n.)
0026 -- abreast (adv.) -- side by side
0027 -- abridge (v.) -- to shorten a book, etc. || related words: abridged (adj.), abridgement (n.)
0028 -- abrogate (v.) -- to officially cancel a law || related word: abrogation (n.)
0029 -- abrupt (adj.) -- sudden | impolite || related words: abruptly (adv.), abruptness (n.)
0030 -- abscond (v.) -- to run away; to escape
0031 -- abseil (v.) -- to descend a steep cliff
0032 -- absolution (n.) -- forgiveness
0033 -- absolutism (n.) -- rule by dictator; autocracy || related word: absolutist (adj./n.)
0034 -- absolve (v.) -- to officially forgive somebody
0035 -- abstain (v.) -- to give up or stay away from sth bad, illegal or immoral | to decide not to cast your vote in election | related words: abstainer (n.), abstention (n.)
0036 -- abstemious (adj.) -- self-disciplined
0037 -- abstinence (n.) -- restraint from eating or drinking because of ethical reasons | related word: abstinent (adj.)
0038 -- abstracted (adj.) -- absentminded || related word: abstractedly (adv.)
0039 -- abstruse (adj.) -- that cannot be understood easily; obscure
0040 -- abundant (adj.) -- plentiful || related word: abundantly (adv.)
0041 -- abut (v.) -- to be next to sth; to adjoin
0042 -- abysmal (adj.) -- extremely bad || related word: abysmally (adv.)
0042 -- abyss (n.) -- enormously deep hole
0044 -- accede (v.) -- to give approval to a plan, request, etc. | to become ruler
0045 -- accentuate (v.) -- to highlight something; to emphasize || related word: accentuation (n.)
0046 -- accession (n.) -- the state of becoming a ruler
0047 -- acclaim (v.) -- to praise or greet sb/sth in public || related word: acclamation (n.)
0048 -- acclimatize (acclimate) (v.) -- to get used to new climate, situation, etc. || related word: acclimatization (acclimation) (n.)
0049 -- accolade (n.) -- honor for a marvelous achievement
0050 -- accommodate (v.) -- to give a place to stay | to adjust | to oblige or help || related words: accommodating (adj.), accommodation (n.)
0051 -- accord (n./v.) -- official agreement | to agree officially
0052 -- accost (v.) -- to suddenly come close and talk to sb
0053 -- accouter (accouter) (v.) -- to put on special clothes, equipments, etc. | related word: accoutrements (n.)
0054 -- accredit (v.) -- to officially recognize sb/sth || related words: accredited (adj.), accreditation (n.)
0055 -- accretion (n.) -- addition of a layer in a gradual way; newly but slowly added layer
0056 -- accrue (v.) -- to mount up; to accumulate || related word: accrual (n.)
0057 -- acculturate (v.) -- to adjust yourself in different culture || related word: acculturation (n.)
0058 -- acerbic (adj.) -- bitter in speech || related word: acerbity (n.)
0059 -- Achilles heel (n.) -- weak point in character
0060 -- acme (n.) -- the highest point in development; peak
0061 -- acolyte (n.) -- helper of a leader
0062 -- acoustic (adj.) -- connected with sound | designed to make natural sound || related words: acoustically (adv.), acoustician (n.), acoustics (n.)
0063 -- acquiesce (v.) -- to agree without arguing || related words: acquiescent (adj.), acquiescence (n.)
0064 -- acrid (adj.) -- bitter
0065 -- acrimony (n.) -- bitterness or hostility || related words: acrimonious (adj.), acrimoniously (adv.)
0066 -- acrobat (n.) -- circus performer || related words: acrobatic (adj.), acrobatically (adv.), acrobatics (n.)
0067 -- acronym (n.) -- short form of a group of words
0068 -- acuity (n.) -- the ability to hear, see or think in a clear way
0069 -- acumen (n.) -- intelligence
0070 -- ad hominem (adj./adv.) -- (of criticism, etc.) targeted to sb’s character
0071 -- ad infinitum (adv.) -- infinitely or repeatedly
0072 -- ad nauseam (adv.) -- repeatedly in a boring way
0073 -- adamant (adj.) -- too determined; obstinate || related word: adamantly (adv.)
0074 -- adamantine (adj.) -- unbreakable
0075 -- addendum (n.) -- extra section in a book; appendix
0076 -- addle (v.) -- to confuse || related word: addled (adj.)
0077 -- adduce (v.) -- to cite sth
0078 -- adhere (v.) -- to stick fast to sth | to follow a particular set of rules || related word: adherence (n.)
0079 -- adherent (n.) -- supporter of a particular set of beliefs
0080 -- adhesive (adj./n.) -- sticky | glue || related word: adhesion (n.)
0081 -- adieu (exclamation) -- goodbye
0082 -- adjure (v.) -- to seriously request or urge sb to do something
0083 -- adlib (v.) -- to speak without preparation
0084 -- admonish (v.) -- to speak harshly to sb; to warn || related words: admonitory (adj.), admonition (n.)
0085 -- adore (v.) -- to admire or love || related words: adorable (adj.), adoring (adj.), adoringly (adv.), adorably (adv.), adoration (n.)
0086 -- adorn (v.) -- to decorate || related word: adornment (n.)
0087 -- adrift (adj.) -- floating | without aim
0088 -- adroit (adj.) -- able to deal with people cleverly || related words: adroitly (adv.), adroitness (n.)
0089 -- adumbrate (v.) -- to summarize
0090 -- advent (n.) -- arrival of an important person or event
0091 -- adventitious (adj.) -- unplanned; accidental
0092 -- aesthete (n.) -- admirer of art and beauty || related words: aesthetic (adj./n.), aesthetically (adv.), aesthetics (n.), aestheticism (n.)
0093 -- affable (adj.) -- friendly || related words: affably (adv.), affability (n.)
0094 -- affinity (n.) -- attraction or resemblance
0095 -- afflict (v.) -- to create trouble for sb || related word: affliction (n.)
0096 -- affluent (adj.) -- wealthy || related word: affluence (n.)
0097 -- affray (n.) -- fight or violence in a public place
0098 -- affront (n./v.) -- insulting remark | to insult or upset sb
0099 -- aficionado (n.) -- sb who is too much interested in a particular activity, subject, etc.: enthusiast
0100 -- aflame (adj.) -- on fire | colorful and brightly lit | excited
0101 -- agglomerate (adj./n./v.) -- formed into a mass | collection or mass | to collect and form a group || related word: agglomeration (n.)
0102 -- aggrandizement (n.) -- increase in the power of country or person
0103 -- aggravate (v.) -- to make sth worse || related words: aggravated (adj.), aggravating (adj.), aggravation (n.)
0104 -- aggrieved (adj.) -- angry or hurt
0105 -- aggro (n.) -- irritating problems, too aggressive behavior
0106 -- aghast (adj.) -- shocked
0107 -- agile (adj.) -- quick to notice sth; swift in movement || related word: agility (n.)
0108 -- agog (adj.) -- excited while trying to find out sth
0109 -- agonize (v.) -- to worry a lot || related words: agonized (adj.), agonizing (adj.), agonizingly (adv.)
0110 -- agony (n.) -- pain
0111 -- agrarian (adj.) -- related to farming
0112 -- aground (adv.) -- ashore
0113 -- ail (v.) -- to create problems | to make sb ill
0114 -- airy-fairy (adj.) -- impractical; idealistic
0115 -- ajar (adj.) -- (of a door, window, etc.) slightly open
0116 -- al fresco (adj./adv.) -- outdoors
0117 -- alacrity (n.) -- quickness in an excited way
0118 -- albatross (n.) -- something that creates difficulty and get in the way of progress
0119 -- alchemy (n.) -- magical power that can transform things
0120 -- alien (adj.) -- foreign | hostile
0121 -- alienate (v.) -- to lose your support with sb; to feel isolated || related word: alienation (n.)
0122 -- alight (adj./v.) -- on fire; shining brightly | to get down from the bus, etc.
0123 -- allay (v.) -- to reduce the intensity of feelings, emotions, etc.
0124 -- allegiance (n.) -- faithfulness towards your senior or a group you belong to
0125 -- alleviate (v.) -- to reduce the intensity of sth bad || related word: alleviation (n.)
0126 -- allure (n.) -- attraction or fascination | related words: alluring (adj.), alluringly (adv.), allurement (n.)
0127 -- allusion (n.) -- indirect reference or remark || related word: allusive (adj.)
0128 -- alluvial (adj.) -- made of sand deposited by river or sea || related word: alluvium (n.)
0129 -- aloft (adv.) -- in the air; overhead
0130 -- also-ran (n.) -- unsuccessful person
0131 -- altercation (n.) -- a quarrel in a public place
0132 -- altruism (n.) -- selflessness || related word: altruistic (adv.)
0133 -- ambidextrous (adj.) -- able to use both the hands equally well
0134 -- ambience (n.) -- surroundings or atmosphere of a place || related word: ambient (adj.)
0135 -- ambivalence (n.) -- state of two minds, showing mixed feelings || related words: ambivalent (adj.), ambivalently (adv.)
0136 -- amble (v.) -- to walk slowly
0137 -- ambrosia (n.) -- delicious thing to eat
0138 -- ambulatory (adj.) -- connected with walking; mobile
0139 -- amenable (adj.) -- agreeable or controllable
0140 -- amicable (adj.) -- pleasant and friendly || related word: amicably (adv.)
0141 -- amiss (adj.) -- wrong
0142 -- amity (n.) -- peaceful and friendly relationship
0143 -- amnesia (n.) -- loss of memory || related word: amnesiac (n.)
0144 -- amorous (adj.) -- expressing feeling of love passionately || related word: amorously (adv.)
0145 -- amorphous (adj.) -- formless or shapeless
0146 -- amplify (v.) -- to increase sound ; to add more information to a story, etc. || related word: amplification (n.)
0147 -- anachronism (n.) -- old-fashioned person or thing || related word: anachronistic (adj.)
0148 -- analgesia (n.) -- inability to feel pain || related word: analgesic (adj./n.)
0149 -- analogy (n.) -- a comparison that shows similarities or correlation between two things
0150 -- anathema (n.) -- sth that you hate strongly
0151 -- anecdote (n.) -- a short and real story or event
0152 -- angst (n.) -- deep fear, tension or anxiety; nervousness
0153 -- anguish (n.) -- severe suffering || related word: anguished (adj.)
0154 -- animated (adj.) -- full of life; energetic || related word: animatedly (adv.)
0155 -- animism (n.) -- belief that natural objects possess soul || related words: animistic (adj.), animist (n.)
0156 -- animosity (n.) -- enmity
0157 -- animus (n.) -- hatred
0158 -- annals (n.) -- historical records; yearly record of events
0159 -- annex (v.) -- to forcefully take over another country || related word: annexation (n.)
0160 -- annihilate (v.) -- to defeat or destroy completely || related word: annihilation (n.)
0161 -- annotate (v.) -- to add notes to explain sth || related words: annotated (adj.), annotation (n.)
0162 -- annul (v.) -- to cancel sth officially || related word: annulment (n.)
0163 -- anodyne (adj.) -- inoffensive, harmless
0164 -- anoint (v.) -- to smear somebody with water or oil as part of a religious ceremony
0165 -- anomalous (adj.) -- abnormal, unusual or unexpected || related words: anomalously (adv.), anomaly (n.)
0166 -- anomie (n.) -- unsocial or immoral behaviour
0167 -- anorexia (n.) -- fear of being fat || related word: anorexic (adj./n.)
0168 -- antagonize (v.) -- to irritate or annoy sb | to make sb no longer friendly with you || related words: antagonistic (adj.), antagonistically (adv.), antagonist (n.), antagonism (n.)
0169 -- antecedent (adj./n.) -- previous | something that has been followed by something else
0170 -- antediluvian (adj.) -- primitive; outdated
0171 -- anthology (n.) -- compilation of stories, poems, etc. from different sources
0172 -- antipathy (n.) -- hostility || related word: antipathetic (adj.)
0173 -- antiquated (adj.) -- old-fashioned
0174 -- antiquity (n.) -- the ancient past; an object, a work of art, etc. from the ancient past
0175 -- antithesis (n.) -- exact opposite | contrast || related word: antithetical (adj.)
0176 -- apathy (n.) -- lack of interest || related words: apathetic (adj.), apathetically (adv.)
0177 -- aphorism (n.) -- a short phrase that expresses sth sensible || related word: aphoristic (adj.)
0178 -- aplomb (n.) -- self-confidence in a difficult situation
0179 -- apnea (apnoea) (n.) -- temporary loss of breath during sleep
0180 -- apocalypse (n.) -- complete or severe destruction || related word: apocalyptic (adj.)
0181 -- apocryphal (adj.) -- dubious; mythical
0182 -- apoplexy (n.) -- loss of the ability to feel
0183 -- apostate (n.) -- sb who has changed their religious beliefs || related word: apostasy (n.)
0184 -- apostle (n.) -- strong supporter or follower of an idea or a policy
0185 -- appalled (adj.) -- shocked, distressed || related words: appalling (adj.), appallingly (adv.)
0186 -- apparent (adj.) -- obvious; noticeable
0187 -- apparition (n.) -- spirit or ghost
0188 -- appease (v.) -- to calm down sb by accepting their demands || related word: appeasement (n.)
0189 -- append (v.) -- to add sth as an attachment || related word: appendage (n.)
0190 -- appetizing (adj.) -- mouth-watering
0191 -- applaud (v.) -- to clap in order to praise sb; to praise | related word: applause (n.)
0192 -- appliqué (n.) -- ornamental needlework || related word: appliquéd (adj.)
0193 -- apportion (v.) -- to divide and distribute || related word: apportionment (n.)
0194 -- apposite (adj.) -- suitable
0195 -- appraise (v.) -- to assess the quality of something; to evaluate | related words: appraisal (n.), appraiser (n.)
0196 -- appreciable (adj.) -- noticeable || related word: appreciably (adv.)
0197 -- appurtenance (n.) -- small part of sth; accessory
0198 -- apropos (prep.) -- concerning
0199 -- aquifer (n.) -- a layer of rock that can hold or transmit water.
0200 -- arable (adj.) -- related to growing crops
0201 -- arbiter (n.) -- a person who is authorized to settle a dispute
0202 -- arbitrary (adj.) -- illogical | uncontrolled || related words: arbitrarily (adv.), arbitrariness (n.)
0203 -- arbitrate (v.) -- to officially settle a dispute between two parties || related word: arbitration (n.)
0204 -- arboreal (adj.) -- connected with trees
0205 -- arcane (adj.) -- mysterious; puzzling
0206 -- archetype (n.) -- a typical example
0207 -- ardent (adj.) -- enthusiastic; excited || related word: ardently (adv.)
0208 -- ardor (ardour) (n.) -- passion
0209 -- arduous (adj.) -- difficult and tiring; laborious || related word: arduously (adv.)
0210 -- argot (n.) -- special words used by a particular profession; jargon
0211 -- arid (adj.) -- dry | ordinary || related word: aridity (n.)
0212 -- Armageddon (n.) -- an extremely terrible war
0213 -- armistice (n.) -- break in fighting; ceasefire
0214 -- arm-twisting (n.) -- persuasion by force
0215 -- arouse (v.) -- to cause particular emotion | to awaken someone from sleep || related word: arousal (n.)
0216 -- arraign (v.) -- to charge sb for a crime || related word: arraignment (n.)
0217 -- arrant (adj.) -- (of sth bad) absolute or complete
0218 -- arrogant (adj.) -- very proud || related word: arrogantly (adv.)
0219 -- artifact (artefact) (n.) -- historical object
0220 -- ascend (v.) -- to go/lead/move up; to rise
0221 -- ascendancy (n.) -- dominance or supremacy || related words: ascendant (n.), ascension (n.)
0222 -- ascetic (adj./n.) -- enormously self-disciplined | strict in self-discipline || related word: asceticism (n.)
0223 -- ascribe (v.) -- to state or believe that sth is caused or done by a particular thing/person or written by a particular person | to think sb/sth should have a particular quality || related words: ascribable (adj.), ascription (n.)
0224 -- ashen (adj.) -- light in colour, whiter than usual
0225 -- asinine (adj.) -- foolish
0226 -- askew (adj./adv.) -- not straight, bent
0227 -- aslant (adv.) -- at an angle; sloping
0228 -- asperity (n.) -- harshness of tone || related word: aspersions (n.)
0229 -- aspire (v.) -- to aim big
0230 -- assail (v.) -- to attack sb violently; to criticize sb strongly
0231 -- assault (n./v.) -- violent attack | to attack sb violently
0232 -- assent (n./v.) -- official agreement | to agree officially
0233 -- assertive (adj.) -- self-confident || related words: assertively (adv.), assertiveness (n.)
0234 -- assiduous (adj.) -- hard-working || related words: assiduously (adv.), assiduity (n.)
0235 -- assign (v.) -- to allocate
0236 -- assimilate (v.) -- to incorporate; to include || related word: assimilation (n.)
0237 -- assuage (v.) -- to lessen painful feeling
0238 -- astonish (v.) -- to extremely surprise sb
0239 -- astound (v.) -- to shock or surprise sb too much || related words: astounded (adj.), astounding (adj.), astoundingly (adv.)
0240 -- astride (adv./prep.) -- with a leg on each side of sth
0241 -- astringent (adj.) -- harsh; severe || related word: astringency (n.)
0242 -- astronomical (adj.) -- (of a price) excessive || related word: astronomically (adv.)
0243 -- astute (adj.) -- very clever; shrewd || related words: astutely (adv.), astuteness (n.)
0244 -- asunder (adv.) -- not together
0245 -- atavistic (adj.) -- connected with primitive humans
0246 -- ataxia (n.) -- loss of control of bodily movements || related word: ataxic (adj.)
0247 -- atone (v.) -- to express regret and make up for sth || related word: atonement (n.)
0248 -- atrocity (n.) -- terrible and violent act; evil || related words: atrocious (adj.), atrociously (adv.), atrociousness (n.)
0249 -- attenuate (v.) -- to make sth less forceful or effective || related words: attenuated (adj.), attenuation (n.)
0250 -- attire (n.) -- clothes || related word: attired (adj.)
0251 -- attuned (adj.) -- completely familiar with sth
0252 -- audacity (n.) -- boldness; rudeness || related words: audacious (adj.), audaciously (adv.)
0253 -- auditory (adj.) -- related to hearing
0254 -- augment (v.) -- to increase || related word: augmentation (n.)
0255 -- augur (v.) -- to foretell, foresee or predict || related word: augury (n.)
0256 -- aura (n.) -- noticeable quality of surrounding areas
0257 -- aural (adj.) -- related to hearing and listening || related word: aurally (adv.)
0258 -- austere (adj.) -- having strict attitude; having simple style; having uncomfortable way of life || related words: austerely (adv.), austerity (n.)
0259 -- autism (n.) -- loss of ability to form relationship or communicate with people || related word: autistic (adj.)
0260 -- autocrat (n.) -- a ruler with absolute power | || related word: autocratic (adj.), autocratically (adv.) autocracy (n.),
0261 -- avarice (n.) -- greed || related word: avaricious (adj.)
0262 -- avenue (n.) -- path; a way of making progress
0263 -- aver (v.) -- to firmly express a truth
0264 -- averse (adj.) -- not liking sth || related word: aversion (n.)
0265 -- avert (v.) -- to prevent or foil sth undesirable from happening
0266 -- avid (adj.) -- enthusiastic || related words: avidly (adv.), avidity (n.)
0267 -- avow (v.) -- to say sth openly; to affirm || related words: avowed (adj.), avowedly (adv.), avowal (n.)
0268 -- awash (adj.) -- flooded with water; containing large amount of something
0269 -- awe (n./v.) -- admiration and wonder | to respect || related word: awed (adj.)
0270 -- awe-inspiring (adj.) -- splendid
0271 -- awesome (adj.) -- amazing || related word: awesomely (adv.)
0272 -- awestruck (adj.) -- fascinated
0273 -- awful (adj./adv.) -- too bad; excessive | extremely || related word: awfulness (n.)
0274 -- awry (adj./adv.) -- wrong; untidy
0275 -- axiom (n.) -- a principle that is believed to be true || related word: axiomatic (adj.)
A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
im- in impossible; ntier- in international
-able in agreeable; -er in learner
English Affixes could be divided into two groups:
Prefixes and Suffixes
A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected
A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness
ENGLISH PREFIXES – A
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: not, without
acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical
Used to form: nouns and verbs
General meaning: addition, tendency
adjoin / adjudge / admixture
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: both of two
ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent
Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs
General meaning: prior to; in front of
antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room
Used to form: adjectives and nouns
General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing
anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus
ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of
adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable
Used to form: nouns
General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.
capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability
Used to form: adverbs
General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner
affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably
Used to form: nouns
General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of
accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy
This third edition of the bestselling collection of classic and modern oratory offers numerous examples of the greatest speeches ever delivered—from the ancient world to the modern. Speeches in this edition span a broad stretch of history, from General George Patton inspiring Allied troops on the eve of D-Day to Pericles’ impassioned eulogy for fallen Greek soldiers during the Peloponnesian War; and from Jesus of Nazareth’s greatest sermons to Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s fiery speech in response to the Bush vs. Gore decision that changed the landscape of American politics in our time.
Editor William Safire has collected a diverse range of speeches from both ancient and modern times, from people of many different backgrounds and political affiliations, and from people on both sides of history’s greatest battles and events. This book provides a wealth of valuable examples of great oratory for writers, speakers, and history aficionados.
"There is no more powerful way to prove that we know something well than to draw a simple picture of it. And there is no more powerful way to see hidden solutions than to pick up a pen and draw out the pieces of our problem."
So writes Dan Roam in The Back of the Napkin, the international bestseller that proves that a simple drawing on a humble napkin can be more powerful than the slickest PowerPoint presentation. Drawing on twenty years of experience and the latest discoveries in vision science, Roam teaches readers how to clarify any problem or sell any idea using a simple set of tools.
He reveals that everyone is born with a talent for visual thinking, even those who swear they can't draw. And he shows how thinking with pictures can help you discover and develop new ideas, solve problems in unexpected ways, and dramatically improve your ability to share your insights.
Take Herb Kelleher and Rollin King, who figured out how to beat the traditional hub-and-spoke airlines with a bar napkin and a pen. Three dots to represent Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio. Three arrows to show direct flights. Problem solved, and the picture made it easy to sell Southwest Airlines to investors and customers.
Now with more color, bigger pictures, and additional content, this new edition does an even better job of helping you literally see the world in a new way. Join the teachers, project managers, doctors, engineers, assembly-line workers, pilots, football coaches, marine drill instructors, financial analysts, students, parents, and lawyers who have discovered the power of solving problems with pictures.
Ever wish you could captivate your boardroom with the opening line of your presentation, like Winston Churchill in his most memorable speeches? Or want to command attention by looming larger than life before your audience, much like Abraham Lincoln when, standing erect and wearing a top hat, he towered over seven feet? Now, you can master presentation skills, wow your audience, and shoot up the corporate ladder by unlocking the secrets of history's greatest speakers.
Author, historian, and world-renowned speaker James C. Humes—who wrote speeches for five American presidents—shows you how great leaders through the ages used simple yet incredibly effective tricks to speak, persuade, and win throngs of fans and followers. Inside, you'll discover how Napoleon Bonaparte mastered the use of the pregnant pause to grab attention, how Lady Margaret Thatcher punctuated her most serious speeches with the use of subtle props, how Ronald Reagan could win even the most hostile crowd with carefully timed wit, and much, much more.
Whether you're addressing a small nation or a large staff meeting, you'll want to master the tips and tricks in Speak Like Churchill, Stand Like Lincoln.
"As a student of speech, I very much enjoyed this intriguing historic approach to public speaking. Humes creates a valuable and practical guide."
—Roger Ailes, chairman and CEO, FOX News
"I love this book. I've followed Humes's lessons for years, and he combines them all into one compact, hard-hitting resource. Get this book on your desk now."
—Chris Matthews, Hardball
01 – English Sentences -- After
Period (a particular length of time) + After
[This Pattern Is Used To Denote “Following Something In Time”]
Area was cordoned off an hour after the incident.
A picture was released a day after the attack.
Statement came 10 days after police claim.
The committee was formed two days after expose.
She had gone missing a few days after her husband was kidnapped.
He was saved a few days after other members were rescued.
She was killed weeks after returning from years in exile.
The shooting came less than a year after a massacre at main market.
That was more than 10 years after we had seen each other last.
She received a call soon after at her residence.
Soon after being informed by people, police swung into action.
Chopper collided mid-air shortly after take-off from an air base here.
The satellite started malfunctioning shortly after its deployment in orbit.
People will remember the song long after we are gone.
A week after abducted executive rescued, city has been rocked by abduction.
Three months after she took over reins of the state, she fulfilled her poll promises.
Two days after she got married, a 22-year old woman won the prestigious award.
Three days after hundred patients were treated, fifty more were admitted.
Noun + After + Noun
[This pattern is used to show something happens many times or continuously.]
He missed opportunity after opportunity.
Village has been caught in controversy after controversy.
You Can Also Use The Following Patterns:
One + Noun + After + Another
He missed one opportunity after another.
Village has been caught in one controversy after another.
The industry at large has faced one pain after another.
He indulged in one scam after another.
One After The Other
He established loyalty with three persons one after the other.
Events are taking place one after the other.
Many enemies came into his life one after the other.
One after the other, the survivors came out, each better than the other.
There were false allegations one after the other.
Second Event (Simple Past) + After + First Event (Past Perfect)
I returned after he had gone.
He came after night had fallen.
I reached after the train had already left.
She named his daughter after Lincoln.
The scheme (was) named after Party founder.
Indian NSG was modelled after their UK’s SAS.
My dog went after the thief.
Passengers said they heard a loud explosion after which the bus hurtled down.
Straightforward advice on making your speechessparkle
With the right preparation even the most nervous speaker candeliver a winning presentation. Public Speaking &Presentations For Dummies shows you how, from drafting yourcontent to honing your tone for a perfect delivery. More confidentspeakers can find expert advice on getting visual aids right,impromptu speaking, dazzling in roundtables, and much more.
Discover how toOrganise your speechConquer your fearsResearch content effectivelyGet your body language rightUse humour properlySpeak to a foreign audience
With lively lessons and surprising confessions, you'll get new insights into the art of persuasion -- as well as teaching, learning, and performance -- directly from a master of the trade.
Highlights include:Berkun's hard-won and simple philosophy, culled from years of lectures, teaching courses, and hours of appearances on NPR, MSNBC, and CNBCPractical advice, including how to work a tough room, the science of not boring people, how to survive the attack of the butterflies, and what to do when things go wrongThe inside scoop on who earns $30,000 for a one-hour lecture and whyThe worst -- and funniest -- disaster stories you've ever heard (plus countermoves you can use)
Filled with humorous and illuminating stories of thrilling performances and real-life disasters, Confessions of a Public Speaker is inspirational, devastatingly honest, and a blast to read.
This book covers the following topics:
(01). Related Words
(02). Scientific Studies
(03). That Which Cannot Be…
(04). Types of Behavior
(05). Types of Doctors
(06). Different Instruments
(07). A Particular Type of Place
(08). A Particular Type of Person
(09). Phobia and Mania
(10). Connected With…
(12). Types of States
(13). Types of Statements
(15). Other Topics
(B). A Collection of Things
(C). Act of Killing
(D). Physical Appearance of A Person
(16). Various One-word Substitutes
(01). Related Words
01a. A person who looks at the bright side of things -- Optimist
01b. A person who looks at the dark side of things -- Pessimist
02a. All the animals living in a particular area -- Fauna
02b. Plants and vegetation in a particular area -- Flora
03a. A government tax on goods brought into the country -- Customs
03b. A government tax on goods made within a country -- Excise
04a. A person who is more interested in others -- Extrovert
04b. A person who keeps himself to himself -- Introvert
05a. That which cannot be harmful or dangerous -- Innocuous
05b. Causing serious harm in gradual or unnoticeable way -- Insidious
06a. A person who is taking examination -- Examinee
06b. A person who examine the copies of examinees -- Examiner
07a. A person who talks too much -- Garrulous/Loquacious
07b. A person who eats too much -- Glutton
08a. To suddenly change direction -- Deflect
08b. To keep on changing direction during movement -- Meander
09a. Ability to know something on the basis of feelings rather than reasoning -- Intuition
09b. Ability to speak without moving your lips -- Ventriloquism
10a. To change a law in order to improve it -- Amend
10b. To correct the mistakes in manuscript, etc. -- Emend
11a. A person between 70 and 79 years old -- Septuagenarian
11b. A person between 80 and 89 years old -- Octogenarian
12a. Animals having spinal column -- Vertebrate
12b. An animal with thick skin -- Pachyderm
13a. Obeying rules and requests -- Compliance
13b. Open refusal to obey -- Defiance
14a. The state of being married -- Matrimony
14b. The state of being unmarried -- Bachelorhood
15a. A woman whose husband has died -- Widow
15b. A man whose wife has died -- Widower
16a. Things of different nature -- Heterogeneous
16b. Things of same nature -- Homogeneous
17a. A religious song -- Hymn
17b. A pleasant song used for causing children to sleep -- Lullaby
18a. To rise in value -- Appreciate
18b. To go down in value -- Depreciate
19a. A disorder in which person eats too less because of abnormal fear of being fat -- Anorexia
19b. A disorder in which person repeatedly eats too much -- Bulimia
20a. To increase the intensity of a disease -- Aggravate
20b. To go from bad to worse – Deteriorate
21a. A school for small children -- Kindergarten
21b. A student who has left school or class without permission -- Truant
22a. To free somebody from all blame -- Exonerate
22b. To free a person from a charge by verdict -- Acquit
23a. A co-worker in the same institution -- Colleague
23b. Equal in rank -- Peer
24a. An office with high salary but no work -- Sinecure
24b. A position in an organization without salary -- Honorary
25a. An assembly of hearers at a lecture or concert -- Audience
25b. An assembly of worshippers -- Congregation
What are “Tenses”?
AGREEMENT between SUBJECT and VERB
TWENTY-FOUR Auxiliary Verbs
REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS
Present Indefinite Tense
Present Continuous/Progressive Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Past Indefinite Tense
Past Continuous/Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Future Indefinite Tense
Future Continuous/Progressive Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Tenses could be defined as “any of the form of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or an event or state expressed by the verb”.
THERE ARE THREE KINDS OF TENSES:
The Past Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happened in the past
[Action happened before present]
The Present Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happens at this time
[Action happens in present]
The Future Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that will happen in future
[Action will happen after present]
EACH OF THESE THREE KINDS OF SENTENCES HAS FOUR TYPES OF FORMS:
Indefinite or Simple Form
Continuous or Progressive Form
Perfect Continuous or Perfect Progressive Form
EACH OF THESE FOUR TYPES OF FORMS HAS FOUR KINDS OF STATEMENTS:
Affirmative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Agreement’
Negative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Disagreement’
Interrogative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’
Interrogative-Negative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’ and Show ‘Disagreement’
Present Indefinite Tense
Permanent situation [in the past, present and future]
Example: Our family lives in Seattle.
General truth (fact or statement)
Example: Clean water is fundamental to public health.
Example: Many barrages have no utility and causes floods.
Habitual action [actions that occurs regularly]
Example: She listens to music every day.
‘Future meaning’ (timetable, planned event, etc.)
Example: My shop closes at 9pm.
Example: The train arrives at 7:30pm.
Traditions, rituals, customs
Example: Indians celebrate festival of light in the month of Oct-Nov.
Commands and Instructions [Imperative Sentences]
[Note: In imperatives, subject ‘you’ remains hidden]
Example: Condemn perpetrators of terrorism.
Example: Promote values of humanity and tolerance.
Example: Tell us about the exact nature of your work.
Used in if-clause of present and future real conditional sentences
Example: If I go there, I meet him.
Example: If things don't work out, we won't be panicked.
Headlines in news reporting [Use of simple present tense instead of simple past tense is common in news headlines]
Example: Flight skids on landing at airport.
Example: Thunder storm brings relief to residents.
(A). AFFIRMATIVE PATTERN –
subject + first form of main verb + other words
Singular Verb is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Plural Verb is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
He/She talks. I/We/You/They talk.
We seek opportunity to chart out our own course.
Lean margin of victory or defeat gives an impression of a tough contest.
Nowadays, voters value development over other issues.
They want civic amenities and employment opportunities.
(B). NEGATIVE PATTERN –
subject + auxiliary verb ‘do/does’ + not + first form of main verb + other words
Auxiliary Verb ‘Does’ is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Auxiliary Verb ‘Do’ is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
He/She does not talk. I/We/You/They do not talk.
Most buses do not cater to interior parts of the villages.
He does not know what to say.
Dan Roam's The Back of the Napkin, a BusinessWeek bestseller, taught readers the power of brainstorming and communicating with pictures. It presented a new and exciting way to solve all kinds of problems-from the boardroom to the sales floor to the cubicle jungle.
The companion workbook, Unfolding the Napkin, helps readers put Roam's principles into practice with step-by-step guidelines. It's filled with detailed case studies, guided do-it-yourself exercises, and plenty of blank space for drawing. Roam structured the book as a complete four-day visual-thinking seminar, taking readers step-by-step from "I can't draw" to "Here is the picture I drew that I think will save the world."
The workbook teaches readers how to:
•Improve their three "built-in" visual problem solving tools.
•Apply the four-step visual thinking process (look-see-imagine-show) in any business situation.
•Instantly improve their visual imaginations.
•Learn how to recognize the type of problem to choose the best visual solution.
If The Back of the Napkin was a guide to fine dining, Unfolding the Napkin is the cookbook that will soon be heavily marked up and dogeared.
For the vast majority of us, giving a presentation is an extremely difficult and nerve-wracking process, whether we’re in a one-on-one meeting, a conference room with a dozen strangers, or a lecture hall in front of thousands.
But according to Dan Roam, the visual communications expert and acclaimed author of The Back of the Napkin, it doesn’t have to be so hard. We struggle when we forget the basic steps we learned in kindergarten: show and tell.
In this short but powerful book, Roam introduces a new set of tools for making extraordinary presentations in any setting. He also draws on ideas he’s been honing for more than two decades, as an award-winning presenter who has brought his whiteboard everywhere from Fortune 500 companies to tiny startups to the White House.
Even if you’re already a good speaker, you’ll learn more about understanding your audience, organizing your content, building a clear storyline, creating effective visuals, and channeling your fear into fun. And you’ll master three fundamental rules:
• When we tell the truth, we connect with our audience, we become passionate, and we find self-confidence.
• When we tell a story, we make complex concepts clear, we make ideas unforgettable, and we include everyone.
• When we use pictures, people see exactly what we mean, we captivate our audience’s mind, and we banish boredom.
From nailing the opening to leaving a lasting impression, you’ll soon be able to give the performance of a lifetime . . . time after time.
PLEASE NOTE: This eBook edition of SHOW AND TELL is carefully laid out to match the print book; this means it reads much better as designed pages, but you won't be able to use some features such as highlighting and annotating text.
Part - 01 – Daily Use English Sentences -- KITCHEN
Add cumin seeds. When crackling, add red chilies.
Add peas and mix well. Add remaining water. Stir once.
Gradually add half cup water to coriander and cumin powder, blending into a smooth paste.
Boil water with seven basil leaves till the water turns dark.
Boil one cup of water. Add cheese cubes into it until they melt properly.
Boil vegetable until it is partly cooked.
Bring the sauce to simmer.
Bring the cooker to full pressure.
Bring to full pressure on high heat.
Bring to boil on high heat.
In a pan bring milk to boil.
Fry till pale brown.
Fry to a golden brown.
The mutton has been browned.
Cut cheese into cubes and fried to a golden brown.
Fry till rice turn opaque.
It starts turning pink. It turns pinkish brown.
Heat oil and butter together till smoky.
Cook for about 2 minutes.
Cook for less time rather than more.
Cook vegetables in minimum oil.
Cook dish over medium-high heat on both sides.
What dishes are cooked today?
Cook till gravy is slightly thickened.
Cook till liquid dries up.
Cook without a lid on for 10 minutes before adding 100 gm each of diced carrots and onions.
His servants cooked the tastiest food possible.
Cooking process is barely a few minutes.
Overcooking ruins the taste.
Hours of open pot cooking are just reduced to mere minutes in pressure cooker.
Slow down or speed up cooking by either cutting the vegetables thickly or thinly.
Indian cooking makes liberal use of coconut.
Art of cooking lies in the selection and combination of spices rather than their quantity.
Mention of cooking makes one think of rich aromatic foods.
Cut potatoes into four pieces each lengthwise.
Cut square pieces of sweets.
Cut the mango into slices.
Cut as desired or as per recipe requirement.
Cut the loaf into thick slices.
Cut the tomatoes in half.
Cut in halves.
With a sharp knife, cut away peel.
Drain off cooking liquid and reserve.
Drain off excess oil leaving one cup in cooker.
Drain the water.
Drop the cherries into the bowl, seeds and stems into a large pan.
Drain the water. Dry potatoes by shaking pan over low heat.
Dry it before use.
The dry chicken tastes best with chapattis while curry type goes well with rice.
Fry it on both sides.
In many dishes, frying before pressure-cooking is essential.
Fry one cup vermicelli in a small quantity of butter till light brown.
Boil 6 cups of milk and cook the fried vermicelli in it.
Grind ginger into paste.
Grind together ginger and garlic into a paste.
Grind together cloves and cinnamon into a powder.
Prefer to use whole spices and grind them fresh each time in a blender.
For tempering, heat oil in cooker for about 2 minutes.
Heat 2 tablespoon oil in a pan for about 1 minute.
Heat 3 spoons of water in a non-stick pan.
Heat in skillet over low heat with two tablespoons oil.
Heat up a pressure cooker.
How much heat? High, low, medium
Set the microwave to a low/high/medium heat
Reduce heat and cook for 3 minutes.
Reduce heat from high to medium (or low).
Turn off heat.
Return the pan to heat and stir for a few minutes.
Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.
The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.
Very Important Note:
In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.
HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:
Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.
Examples: fare, principal, etc.
Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school
In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’
HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.
Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.
ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.
Examples: bow, lead, etc.
Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards
Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front
100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous
600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable
02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass
03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from
04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation
05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child
150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
1. Absent (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent (verb) -- to not be in a place
1. Abuse (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse (verb) -- to misuse something
1. Accent (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something
1. Address (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address (verb) -- to make a formal speech
1. Advocate (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate (verb) -- to support something publicly
Equal coverage is given to both sides of each debate in a dual column format which allows for easy comparison. Each entry also includes a list of related topics and suggestions for possible motions.
The introductory essay describes debating technique, covering the rules, structure and type of debate, and offering tips on how to become a successful speaker. The book is then divided into eight thematic sections, where specific subjects are covered individually.
This guide offers sound advice on every aspect of writing and giving an effective speech. Filled with fresh examples and practical tips, this accessible book shows how to improve both the content and delivery of any presentation.
Learn how to:
- Assess an audience
- Research your subject
- Give team presentations
- Speak to international audiences
- Use humor
- Create a memorable style
- Handle copyright issues
- Use PowerPoint and other audio-visuals
- Handle Q&A sessions
- Control nervousness
Updated with brand new sections, How to Write and Give a Speech will help both novices and experts speak with clarity, confidence, and clout.
Think, Speak, Win: Discover the Art of Debate” provides a first-of-its-kind comprehensive introduction to the basics of debating for young students as well as interested adults, in a light-hearted and interesting style. This book breaks down the skills of debating into simple, memorable, and easy-to-follow chapters, and even covers the basics of coaching a school team and judging a debate competition. The skills of debating can help you achieve greater success at work and school, and this book guides you through a memorable 6-step process to apply “Debate-Thinking” to situations such as interviews, essay writing, impromptu speeches, presentations, and even leadership and management. You will never be at a loss for words again!
Among the many pieces of expert advice in The Essentials of Persuasive Public Speaking is this nugget: "To capture attention, define a problem that keeps listeners up at night." Wyeth may as well be talking about the book itself—for nothing keeps us up at night like the prospect of giving a speech in the morning.
In this portable, brief, and lucid guide to presenting, Wyeth counsels how to calm a thumping heart and reveals techniques on preparation, delivery, and visual aids as he gives you vivid stories and rubber-meets-the-road advice. And he does more than simply ease your dread; he inspires you with historical accounts and incisive observations on the power and purpose of speaking well. From advice on the pitch and pace of your speaking voice to admonishments against squirrel-paw hands and data-crammed PowerPoint slides, Wyeth’s pointers will give you the focus and confidence to stand up straight, lean forward, and tell your story well.
VERB – ‘HAVE’
PART (A). Ordinary Verb -- ‘HAVE’
PART (B). Auxiliary Verb -- ‘HAVE’
1. Have/Has/Had + Third Form of Verb
2. Have/Has/Had + Been + Third Form of Verb
3. Have/Has/Had + Been + -ING Form of Verb
4. Have/Has/Had + Been
5. Have/Has/Had + Had
PART (C). Modal Verb -- ‘HAVE’
1A. [Have/Has + To + First Form of Verb]
1B. [Have/Has + To + Be + Third Form of Verb]
2A. [Had + To + First Form of Verb]
2B. [Had + To + Be + Third Form of Verb]
3A. [Have/Has + Had + To + First Form of Verb]
3B. [Have/Has + Had + To + Be + Third Form of Verb]
4A. [Had + Had + To + First Form of Verb]
4B. [Had + Had + To + Be + Third Form of Verb]
5A. [Having + To + First Form of Verb]
5B. [To + Have + To + First Form of Verb]
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)
Exercises: 3(A) to 3(C)
VERB – ‘HAVE’
Verb ‘HAVE’ is used as an AUXILIARY VERB as well as a MAIN (ORDINARY) VERB. It also does function of ‘MODAL VERB’.
MAIN VERB: When used as main verb, verb ‘have’ is followed by an object.
AUXILIARY VERB: When used as an auxiliary verb, it forms the perfect and perfect continuous tenses. [Note: ‘Auxiliary verb’ is a verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.]
MODAL VERB: ‘Modal verb’ is a verb that is used with main verb to express intention, permission, possibility, probability, obligation, etc. Following patterns are possible: “have to, has to, had to, have had to, has had to, had had to, having to”
FORMS OF VERB ‘HAVE’:
Present form – Have or Has
Past form – Had
Past Participle form – Had
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT VERB ‘HAVE’
‘Have’ Is Used With Subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects
‘Has’ Is Used With Subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects
‘Had’ Is Used With All Subjects (Singular or Plural)
USE OF ‘HAVE GOT’
In some senses, you can also use ‘have got’.
‘have got’ is especially used in ‘British English’.
She has got a loose temper. (= She has a loose temper.)
I have got a backache. (= I have a backache.)
He has got a management degree (= He has a management degree.)
PART (A). Ordinary Verb -- ‘HAVE’
As a Main Verb, ‘Have’ is used to express different kinds of thoughts: Some of them are as follows: to possess, to own, to show a quality, to show a feature, to suffer from illness, to perform a particular action, to produce a particular effect, to trick, to cheat, to hold, to experience, to receive, to allow, to put in a position, etc.
When used as main verb, ‘have’ is followed by an object.
I have an American passport.
He has an American passport.
She had an American passport.
Negative Forms Of Main Verb ‘Have’:
Have – Do not have (Don’t have)
Has – Does not have (Doesn’t have)
Had – Did not have (Didn’t have)
I don’t have an American passport.
He doesn’t have an American passport.
She didn’t have an American passport.
NOTE– Instead of using do/does/did, you can also use modal verbs (may, can, must, should, etc.) in negative sentences to show possibility, intention, obligation, etc.
I may not have an American passport.
He may not have an American passport.
She may not have an American passport.
You can also use ‘Never have/Never has/Never had’ to emphasize negative statements.
I never have my breakfast at 7 am.
This park never has any trace of greenery.
We never had the guts to question him.
Interrogative Patterns Of Main Verb ‘Have’:
Have – Do + Subject + Have
Has – Does + Subject + Have
Had – Did + Subject + Have
Do I have an American passport?
Does he have an American passport?
Did she have an American passport?
NOTE– Instead of using do/does/did, you can also use modal verbs (may, can, must, should, etc.) in interrogative sentences to show possibility, intention, obligation, etc.
Can I have an American passport?
Can he have an American passport?
Can she have an American passport?
Interrogative-Negative Patterns Of Main Verb ‘Have’:
Have – Don’t + Subject + Have
Has – Doesn’t + Subject + Have
Had – Didn’t + Subject + Have
Don’t I have an American passport?
Doesn’t he have an American passport?
Didn’t she have an American passport?
English modal auxiliary verbs - may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, should, must, need, used(to), ought(to), dare | different patterns and examples | may and might are used to express- possibility, compulsion, obligation, probability (in present and future) | can, could are used to express- ability, probability, possibility, suggestion, request, condition | will, would are used to express- action in future, present habit, compulsion, obligation | shall, should are used to express- action in future, suggestion, surprise, importance or purpose | need is used to express necessity | used(to) is used to express- past habit | ought(to) is used to express- probability, recommendation, obligation, advise | dare is used to express– be brave enough to
Modal Auxiliary Verb -- May and Might
‘May’ and ‘Might’ are used to show Possibility and Probability
‘May’ and ‘Might’ are used to ask for Permission
‘May’ is used to give or refuse Permission
Some Important Uses of ‘May’ and ‘Might’
To say what the purpose of something is
We eat that we may live.
Her prayer was that the child might live.
That he might be well fed his mother starved herself.
To admit that something is true before introducing another point, argument, etc.
You may not return to past glory, but don't stop believing.
City may not have the roads to drive sports car, but it has excellent infrastructure.
It may not be wise, but using force may be lawful.
I may not have deserved the house I bought, but I'm glad I own it.
He may not have been loved, but he was respected.
We may have had to go without food, but he is very considerate.
‘May’ is used to express wishes and hopes
May you live prosperous life!
‘May’ is used to give or refuse Permission [In Informal and Polite Way]
You may contact us for queries regarding donations.
When you have finished your work you may go home.
Note: Never use ‘might’ to give permission. [Always use ‘may’]
Never use ‘might not’ to refuse permission. [Always use ‘may not’]
Difference between ‘May’ and ‘Might’
Note: ‘Might’ is the past equivalent of ‘may’ in indirect speech.
But it is used in the same way as ‘may’ to talk about the present or future.
‘May’ denotes more possibility/probability
‘Might’ denotes less possibility/probability
It may rain tomorrow (Perhaps a 75% chance) - More possible
It might rain tomorrow (Perhaps a 50% chance) - Less possible
‘Might’ also denotes ‘would perhaps’
You might attract President’s attention later. (= Perhaps you would attract.)
He might have to go (Perhaps he had to go.)
‘Might’ is frequently used In conditional sentences
If I pursued studies further, I might learn more.
If I had pursued studies further, I might have learned more.
‘Might’ has limitations while ‘asking permission’
‘Might’ is very polite and formal. It is not common. It is mostly used in indirect questions.
I wonder if I might work on your computer.
Note: ‘Maybe’ is an adverb. [‘Maybe’ means ‘perhaps’]
Maybe he came to know something secret and was removed from the post.
Difference Between ‘May’ and ‘Can’
‘May’ is more formal than ‘Can’
‘May’ is mostly used in ‘formal’ English.
‘Can’ is mostly used in ‘informal’ (or spoken) English
Nearly every high school and college in America has a debate club and/or a debate team. There are hundreds of competitions at the county and state level, culminating in heated national competitions. Yet, at many high schools and colleges, coaches are drawn from the history or English departments with little or no experience in the highly structured procedures of this popular discipline. And while competitive debate has been growing each year as a prime academic activity, there have been no popular handbooks to help students and coaches prepare for contests effectively and efficiently. Practical and authoritative, this guide includes not only tips and guidelines for effective preparation and delivery, but full-length, actual transcripts of successful competitions in each format. Endorsed by the two national governing bodies for competitive debate-the National Federation of State High School Associations and the National Forensic League-and priced for the budget-conscious student and high school teacher alike, Competitive Debate: The Official Guide is set to become the instructional "bible" for tens of thousands of present and future debaters and their coaches. Inside, Dr. Richard Edwards-award winning debate coach, professor, former competitive debate judge, and author-leads readers through the three popular formats of competitive debate:
* Policy Debate
* Lincoln-Douglas Debate
* Public Forum Debate
Today's challenging times call for passionate visionaries who are authentic and articulate communicators. Speaking coach and consultant Gail Larsen presents a proven program that liberates the "speaker within" and transforms even the reluctant orator into an agent of change.
While most books on public speaking focus on polishing your presentation and overcoming fear, Larsen's holistic blend of spirit and logic goes far beyond the standard format, making TRANSFORMATIONAL SPEAKING a must-read for even the most seasoned speechmakers. With her uniquely inspirational approach, Larsen reaches out to those who want to make a genuine difference in our world by changing minds through touching hearts.
TRANSFORMATIONAL SPEAKING offers insightful advice on everything from defining your message and refining your delivery, to managing the dynamics of a room, handling logistics like a pro, and building a connection with an audience of any size. Larsen has helped business executives and entrepreneurs, community and social change leaders, and healers and life coaches become active movers and shakers through the power of effective communication.
Verb ‘To Be’
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Negative Patterns
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Interrogative Patterns
1A. English Grammar – ‘Am’
1B. AM + -ING Form of Verb
1C. AM + Being + Past Participle
1D. AM + Past Participle
2A. English Grammar – ‘Is’
2B. IS + -ING Form of Verb
2C. IS + Being + Past Participle
2D. IS + Past Participle
3A. English Grammar – ‘Are’
3B. ARE + -ING Form of Verb
3C. ARE + Being + Past Participle
3D. ARE + Past Participle
4A. English Grammar – ‘Was’
4B. WAS + -ING Form of Verb
4C. WAS + Being + Past Participle
4D. WAS + Past Participle
5A. English Grammar – ‘Were’
5B. WERE + -ING Form of Verb
5C. WERE + Being + Past Participle
5D. WERE + Past Participle
(1): Question Tags
(2): Short Answers (Ellipsis]
(3): Addition to Remarks
(4): There Is/Was and There Are/Were
(5): Subjunctive Mood – ‘Were’
(6): Be + Going To + Verb Word
(7): ‘Used to’ Vs. ‘Be + Used to’
(8): Be + To + Verb Word
(9): Be + ‘Being”+ Adjective
(10): Mixed Sentences
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) to 2(E)
Verb ‘To Be’
The Verb ‘to be’ is used to represent the following English verbs:
‘Am’, ‘Is’, ‘Are’, ‘Was’, ‘Were’
The verb ‘to be’ is used as both linking verb and auxiliary verb.
A verb that connects a subject with the complement (adjective or noun) that describes it.
Example: He is an engineer. [In this sentence, subject (he) and noun (engineer) is connected by linking verb ‘is’. There is no main verb in this sentence.]
Some more examples:
I am happy. [linking verb – am]
Is he good boy? [linking verb – is]
We are very proud of ourselves. [linking verb – are]
She was intelligent. [linking verb – was]
They were not late by half an hour. [linking verb – were]
A verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.
Example: He is going to office. [In this sentence, -ing form of main verb ‘go’ has been used with auxiliary verb ‘is’.
Some more examples:
I am studying a book. [auxiliary verb – am | main verb – study (-ing form)]
He is working on his project [auxiliary verb – is | main verb – work (-ing form)]
We are not expected to tell the secret. [auxiliary verb – are | main verb – expect (past participle form)]
She was taught by me. [auxiliary verb – was | main verb – teach (past participle form)]
Were they burdened by high taxation [auxiliary verb – were | main verb – burden (past participle form)]
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT VERB ‘TO BE’
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘He’ ‘She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’, ‘They’ and other Plural Subjects
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’, ‘He’, She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’ and other Plural Subjects
Patterns For Creating Long Sentences
01 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (I)
02 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (II)
03 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (III)
04 -- Using ‘With + -ING Form of Verbs’
05 -- Using ‘Series’
06 -- Using ‘From – To’
07 -- Using ‘Connecting Words or Phrases’
08 – Using ‘Parenthesis’
09 – Miscellaneous Patterns
01 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (I)
The ongoing drought in the state is being described as the country's worst in many decades, causing agricultural distress and forcing villagers to move to urban areas looking for work.
Main verb – described
-ING form of verbs – causing, forcing
The ongoing drought in the state is being described as the country's worst in many decades.
Drought is causing agricultural distress.
Drought is also forcing villagers to move to urban areas looking for work.
Offering huge relief to ten thousand families belonging to the below poverty line category in the state, minister directed Power Corporation Limited to waive pending domestic power bills for last 10 months.
Main verb – directed
-ING form of verbs – offering, belonging
Minister directed Power Corporation Limited to waive pending domestic power bills for last 10 months.
Minister offered huge relief to ten thousand families.
Families belonged to the below poverty line category in the state.
A deadly winter storm blanketed a huge swath of the US, grounding flights, turning highways into the ice rinks and knocking out power to tens of thousands preparing for the New Year holiday.
Main verb – blanketed
-ING form of verbs – grounding, turning, knocking, preparing
A deadly winter storm blanketed a huge swath of the US.
Storm grounded flights.
Storm turned highways into the ice rinks.
Storm knocked out power to tens of thousands who were preparing for the New Year holiday.
From undertaking constructions activities when it did not have funds, never submitting utilization certificates for works it did, charging high centage than all other procuring excess expenditure and rarely accounting for unspent balances, the department indulged in financial jugglery that could put the best accountants to shame.
Main verb – indulged
-ING form of verbs – undertaking, submitting, charging, accounting
The department indulged in financial jugglery that could put the best accountants to shame.
Department undertook constructions activities when it did not have funds.
Department never submitted utilization certificates for works it did.
Department charged high centage than all other procuring excess expenditure.
Department rarely accounted for unspent balances.
City continued to reel under massive traffic jams due to water-logging as heavy rains lashed the city for second consecutive day, flooding several arterial roads and leaving commuters stranded for hours while exposing civic bodies’ lack of preparedness to deal with the perennial problem.
Main verbs – continued, lashed
-ING form of verbs – flooding, leaving, exposing
City continued to reel under massive traffic jams due to water-logging.
Heavy rains lashed the city for second consecutive day.
Heavy rains flooded several arterial roads.
Heavy rains left commuters stranded for hours.
Heavy rains exposed civic bodies’ lack of preparedness to deal with the perennial problem.
On Method Acting demystifies the "mysteries" of Method acting -- breaking down the various steps into clear and simple terms, including chapters on:
Sense Memory -- the most vital component of Method acting
Improvisation -- without it, the most integral part of the Method is lost
Animal Exercises -- just one way to combat the mental blocks that prevent actors from grasping a character
Creating The Outer Character -- so actors can give the freshness of originality to a role while at the same time living the life of the character
On Method Acting is also an indispensable volume for directors, designers, lighting technicians, and anyone in the dramatic arts interested in creating a believable and realistic effect in their productions.
Common English Sentences -- A
About- It doesn’t matter who says what about me.
About- That’s what being American is all about.
About- They were going about their daily lives.
About- This is what life is about.
About- This training has been all about that.
About- We have nothing to feel defensive about.
About- What city was all about today?
Abuse- He was found guilty of abusing his office.
Accept- He accepted an opportunity with enthusiasm.
Accept- He accepted his invitation for birthday.
Accept- He accepted it without protest.
Account- Asia accounts for the maximum oral cancer cases.
Account- Lighting accounts for 20 percent of the total electricity demand.
Account- Our state accounts for 9 of 10 eggs exported.
Account- She gave the police a full account of the incident.
Account- The team gave a good account of themselves in the match.
Accuse- Protestors accused the state govt. of inaction.
Achieve- He achieved some measure of success.
Across- A wave of attacks across the country killed 95.
Across- Moonlight glittered across the coconut leaves.
Across- My house is just across the street.
Across- Police officers across ranks expressed shock.
Across- Red alert sounded across the state.
Across- She watched the incident from across the road.
Across- The blast has cut across class and gender.
Across – The government launched military drills across half the country.
Across- The issue is slowly becoming a matter of debate across villages in the country.
Across- We could also attack across the border.
Act- He acted in a street play.
Act- Heat acts on metals.
Act- I act from a sense of duty.
Act- My lawyer acts for me.
Act- You should act up to my advice.
Activity- It is quite unfortunate that such an inhuman activity is taking place here.
Add- He added his signature to the petition.
Address- President addressed a press conference.
Address- They received 25 objections and addressed all of them.
Administer- Administer anti-polio drops.
Admit- She was admitted with severe breathing problem.
Adopt- He adopted the look of Obama.
Advance- The mob advanced us shouting angrily.
Advice- I have a piece of advice for you.
After- Take medicine twice after the fever is down.
Agree- He agreed to act opposite me in the movie.
Agree- We agreed to another demand of him.
Ahead- Our team was ahead by two goals.
Ahead- Preparations for the festival begin ahead.
Aim- My remarks were not aimed at you.
Aim- The new bill aims at filling the gaps in the existing laws.
Alarm- It is nothing to be alarmed about.
Allocate- The government has allocated the funds.
Along- CM and Deputy CM were sworn in along with a 24-member cabinet by Governor.
Along- Enter the lane alongside the Newspaper office.
Along- He had come to the city along with his wife for sight-seeing a week ago.
Along- He was missing along with his servant.
Along- The sanctuary area runs along three states.
Among- From among those he prescribes medicines too are ministers.
Amount- Cartoon amounted to an “insult” to the icon.
Amount- It amounts to judicial indiscipline.
Amount- It amounts to violation of human and civil rights.
Anger- This angered driver and a clash ensued.
Answer- Nobody answered the repeated knocks.
Any- It was the funniest thing any of us have seen for ages.
Any- The situation is not any better in nearby villages.
Apart- Explosion tore apart a coach of a passenger train.
Appear- Blip appeared on Radar.
Appear- Efforts appeared to be getting nowhere.
Appear- He appeared calm.
Appear- He appeared unsteady on his feet.
Appear- News-item appeared in the national dailies.
Appear- She appeared most pretty thing of the world.
Appear- Ship appeared a huge black shadow to me.
Appear- The match appeared to have been fixed.
Appear- They wanted her to appear in advertisements.
Apply- She applied vermilion on her head.
Apply- I applied this on myself.
Approach- They approached a checkpoint.
Arise- A dispute arose between two groups over the sum of money won in gambling.
Arise- His behaviour aroused the suspicion of the security guards.
Arise- The only difficulties arose from language barriers.
Arise- The question does not arise.
Arise- They aroused other people’s suspicions.
Arm- Cops were armed with tear gas shells.
Ask- Goddess asked me for a boon.
Ask- He asked “uncomfortable” questions.
Ask- He asked her about her well-being.
Assess- A team of experts will assess the situation.
Assess- CM assessed the status of relief work.
Associate- He was in fear of her life and the life and safety of anyone associated with her.
Associate- People associate harmful or bad with the word bacteria.
Associate- Pink is associated with grace.
Assume- His remarks assume significance.
Assume- The meeting assumed great importance for student’s future.
Assume- The move assumed importance in the light of the incident.
Attach- We attach great importance to our health.
Attain- Their families had decided to wed them once they attained marriageable age.
Attempt- He attempted to answer all his questions.
Attempt- He was attempting to overtake another vehicle.
Attract- He attracted my attention.
Attribute- He attributed the bad state of parks to a lack of funds.
Authorize- I authorized him for payments.
Avenge- He wanted to avenge the humiliation he suffered.
Average- He is above average height for his age.
Avoid- He avoided a direct answer.
Avoid- She was upset because she thought he was avoiding her.
Avoid- They avoided looking at each other.
Awake- City awoke to a clear but a cold morning.
Awake- I awoke later on to the sound of my cell phone ringing.
Away- We were away so long.
Allworth Press, an imprint of Skyhorse Publishing, publishes a broad range of books on the visual and performing arts, with emphasis on the business of art. Our titles cover subjects such as graphic design, theater, branding, fine art, photography, interior design, writing, acting, film, how to start careers, business and legal forms, business practices, and more. While we don't aspire to publish a New York Times bestseller or a national bestseller, we are deeply committed to quality books that help creative professionals succeed and thrive. We often publish in areas overlooked by other publishers and welcome the author whose expertise can help our audience of readers.
Alphabetical List of English antonyms
English Antonyms – A
1. ABOVE -- (meaning) on top of, over, higher than, more than
Antonyms of ‘Above’ --
below / under / less / beneath / lower
2. ABSORB -- (meaning) to take in energy, gas, heat, light, liquid, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Absorb’ --
emanate / discharge / drip / emit / exude / leak / ooze / radiate / secrete
3. ABSTEMIOUS -- (meaning) not lenient towards yourself
Antonyms of ‘Abstemious’ --
unconstrained / uncontrolled / uninhibited / unrestrained
4. ACCEPT -- (meaning) to take readily something that is offered; to say ‘Yes’ to proposal, offer, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Accept’ --
abandon / deny / disallow / disprove / discard / dump / rebut / refuse / reject
5. ACCIDENTAL -- (meaning) happening by chance
Antonyms of ‘Accidental’ --
deliberate / intentional / planned / premeditated / purposeful / fixed
6. ACCRETION -- (meaning) slowly added layer of a substance
Antonyms of ‘Accretion’ --
corrosion / decay / decomposition / deterioration / disintegration / erosion
7. ACKNOWLEDGE -- (meaning) to accept that something is true
Antonyms of ‘Acknowledge’ --
condone / deny / disprove / challenge / contradict / ignore / invalidate / overlook / rebuff / refute
8. ACTIVE -- (meaning) involved in something or doing something
Antonyms of ‘Active’ --
dormant / idle / inactive / inert / latent / lethargic / listless / passive / sluggish
9. ACTUAL -- (meaning) existing in reality
Antonyms of ‘Actual’ --
fantasy / illusory / imaginary / invented / unreal / virtual
10. ADORATION -- (meaning) intense like
Antonyms of ‘Adoration’ --
abhorrence / detestation / disgust / hatred / loathing / odium / repugnance / repulsion
OTHER USEFUL ANTONYMS -- XYZ
1. abandon -- retain / salvage
2. abase -- deference / respect
3. abashed -- proud / unabashed
4. abate -- strengthen / brace
5. abbreviate -- amplify / lengthen
6. abdicate -- accept / continue
7. aberrant -- typical / usual
8. aberration -- normality / routine
9. abet -- hinder / dissuade
10. abhor -- admire / worship
11. abhorrent -- desirable / pleasing
12. abiding -- temporary / transient
13. ability -- inability / ineptitude
14. abject -- hopeful / optimistic
15. abjure -- own / possess
16. able -- incapable / unable
17. abnormal -- normal / natural
18. abolition -- initiation / launching
19. abominate -- love / respect
20. abortive -- fruitful / productive
21. abrasive -- even / regular / polite
22. abridge -- enlarge / expand
23. abridged -- comprehensive / whole
24. abrupt -- gradual / steady
25. abseil -- ascend / climb
26. absence -- attendance / existence / presence
27. absolute -- relative / virtual
28. absolution -- harshness / severity
29. absolve -- blame / condemn / denounce
30. abstain -- endure / persist
31. abstinence -- excess / indulgence
32. abstract -- concrete / real
33. abstracted -- alert / attentive / aware
34. abstruse -- intelligible / logical / lucid
35. abundant -- meager / scarce
36. abysmal -- excellent / outstanding
37. accede -- disallow / discard
38. acceptable -- deplorable / unacceptable
39. acceptance -- denial / rejection / renunciation
40. accessible -- inaccessible / unachievable
41. acclaim -- condemnation / disapproval
42. accolade -- discredit / disgrace / ignominy
43. accommodating -- disobliging / uncooperative
44. accord -- disagreement / disparity
45. accountable -- inexplicable / unaccountable
46. accredit -- derecognize / disapprove
47. accrual -- decrease / deduction / loss
48. accurate -- inaccurate / incorrect
49. accustomed -- unaccustomed / unfamiliar
50. achievable -- unachievable / unattainable
51. acquiescence -- opposition / resistance
52. acquire -- cede / relinquish / surrender
53. acrid -- saccharine / sugary
54. acrimonious -- harmonious / melodious
55. activate -- deactivate / impede
56. activity -- immobility / sluggishness
57. acuity -- dullness / tedium
58. acumen -- folly / foolhardiness / stupidity
59. adamant -- relenting / yielding
60. add -- deduct / subtract
Besides providing a biblical perspective on public speaking, this accessible book also covers such practical topics as overcoming common challenges, the importance of listening, and the art of preparing and delivering well-crafted speeches. Filled with helpful sidebars, checklists, and tips, this is a book for any person who wishes to improve his or her public speaking skills.
...you were better at persuading others and negotiating for what you want.
...you were more fluent at introducing yourself, making conversation, and following up.
...you were better at delivering feedback, receiving criticism, and using positive language.
...you were perceived as more diplomatic and charismatic.
Smart Talk applies up-to-date communication research to everyday situations and gives smart, practical, step-by-step directions to achieve results. Smart Talk is no ordinary book— it's the Swiss Army Knife of communication—a comprehensive set of tools to build strong relationships and avoid communication breakdowns.
With proven strategies and practical action plans, Smart Talk will help you resolve conflicts, strengthen your natural charisma, and master the art of persuasion. Never again will you dread a holiday party or be rendered speechless at a business meeting. Backed by solid research and written in an engaging narrative style with a warm sense of humor, communication expert Lisa B. Marshall translates her wealth of experience into practical, fresh advice to help you navigate any complex situation, and achieve professional success.
THE MESSAGE OF YOU begins with a simple belief - that your greatest speech already exists and that it has already been delivered in front of a live audience masterfully and powerfully by you. Best-selling author and international comic, Judy Carter sets out to prove that THE MESSAGE OF YOU is in the advice you give to your friends; in the lessons you teach your children; in the stories you tell your family. It's expressed through the volunteer work you do, the way you run your business, the way you turned your messes into successes. THE MESSAGE OF YOU is a distillation of all of your experiences, both personal and professional, that form the narrative meaning of your life. A meaning that you can develop into a well-written, funny speech to inspire audiences, enhance your current profession, and launch a successful money making career as a professional speaker.
In Part One of the book, Judy leads you through a series of in-depth exercises meant to mine your personal and professional experiences for stories that establish your qualifications, your problem/solutions, your action steps and your methodology. In Part Two, Judy has created a six-step structure for writing an entertaining and informative speech, guiding you through each step in detail. But the real bonus of THE MESSAGE OF YOU is that Judy is a comic. Her "Comedy Pass" chapter takes you through simple but effective comedy writing techniques that will transform even a flat PowerPoint snoozer into a knee-slapping showstopper of a keynote. Once your speech is well-written and funny, Judy takes you through Part Three, teaching you how to take your message to the masses with inexpensive but essential marketing tips.
The Message of You offers an accessible approach, big picture guidance, and nitty-gritty nuts and bolts of sound advice.
Judy has been a comedy and speaking coach for over twenty years. She's a firm believer that how you present your ideas is just as important as the ideas themselves. She knows that humor and strong content are the missing ingredients in most speeches and her book, THE MESSAGE OF YOU helps you discover both your message and your comedic voice by taking you through the same process she uses to coach her private clients.
Popular Sentences in English -- I
Sentence Beginning With IT/THERE/THAT/THIS
It began to rain.
It has become tough to walk on these roads.
It is a bit lower than expected.
It is a clean and clear probe.
It is a problem of large magnitude.
It is all set to be a thing of the past.
It is an all-out Japanese effort.
It is easier to lose weight than gain it.
It is fourth lane from here.
It is hard not to be suspicious about this regime.
It is just not my day.
It is never too late to start life afresh.
It is not possible!
It is not that the police aren’t doing anything.
It is tantamount to discrimination.
It is time to awaken the voters.
It is tough to survive in the wild.
It is up to them to decide how to proceed.
It is very personal decision that we have taken.
It isn’t worth having it repaired.
It made my heart beat faster.
It seemed OK at the time.
It seems there is no administration in the state.
It should not only be done with honesty, but it should seem to be so.
It tastes something like apple.
It was a huge bang.
It was an experience I will cherish all my life.
It was bound to happen.
It was his third home trip in as many years.
It was not a favorable time to start a journey.
It was the fastest growing state for the second year.
It will be convenient for some people to not have me here.
It will not be too long until their names are whispered.
It will only upset her further.
It would create complications for him.
There are many reasons for it.
There are no two opinions about it.
There are times when you are not in the mood to talk.
There are times when your best efforts are not good enough.
There has been a noticeable increase.
There have been several such instances in the past.
There is a cool breeze just before a rain storm.
There is an acute shortage of water.
There is general financial slowdown.
There is hardly any scope of reformation for them.
There is more than you know.
There is nothing that can be done to sort this out.
There seems political conspiracy behind it.
There was no such move at the moment.
There were security issues.
There will be no early elections.
There would be no fare hike.
That had happened long before.
That has been our consistent stand.
That is for sure.
That is no longer the case now.
That money would bring big relief to family.
That part of sting operation was stage managed.
That way, there will not be any ill feelings.
That’s how far I was from reality.
That’s not me saying it.
This envelope is under-stamped.
This incident has made him stone-like.
This is a clear case of corruption.
This is no way to deal with a crisis.
This is no way to live.
This is not the first time he has achieved this feat.
This is off-season for us but sales continue to be normal.
This is one list; state will be ashamed to top.
This is something to do in advance.
This is the most complained about university.
This is the third such incident within a week.
This issue stands concluded.
This project cost a lot of money.
This seems to be worrying him.
This year will be expensive till the end.
1500 Useful phrasal verbs for daily use
What are “Phrasal Verbs”?
A PHRASAL VERB is made up of a Verb and an Adverb or a Preposition or both.
Adverbs or prepositions which are used in Phrasal Verbs are called ‘Particles’.
Verb + adverb = Phrasal verb
Verb + preposition = Phrasal verb
Verb + adverb + preposition = Phrasal verb
break down -- verb + adverb [break= verb; down= adverb]
ward off -- verb + preposition [ward= verb; off= preposition]
keep up with -- verb + adverb + preposition [keep= verb; up= adverb; with=preposition]
‘USUAL’ and ‘IDIOMATIC’ Meanings of Phrasal Verbs
A Phrasal verb may have usual or idiomatic meaning -
Phrasal Verb with Usual meaning:
Verb and Particle keep their ordinary meaning
Example: turn around -- to turn around
Phrasal Verb with Idiomatic meaning:
Verb and Particle doesn’t keep their ordinary meaning
Example: turn down -- to reject an offer
Following is the detailed list of useful Phrasal Verbs and their meanings:
English Phrasal Verbs -- A
abide by -- to obey/follow a decision, rule, etc.
abound with/in -- to be full of
account for -- to explain | to be a definite amount for | to destroy
accustom to -- to be familiar
act on -- to affect
act out -- to express a feeling or an emotion in your behavior
act up -- to behave inappropriately
act upon -- to take an action on the basis of particular information, etc.; to execute
add in -- to include
add to -- to increase
add up -- to calculate or count | to be sensible or reasonable
add up to -- to have a particular result | to have a certain total amount
adhere to -- to follow a particular rule
not agree with -- to dislike or disapprove
aim at -- to Intend to achieve particular goal
alight on -- to find something by chance
align with -- to support a person, rules, etc, openly or publicly because you agree with them
allow for -- to take something into consideration
allow of -- to make possible; to permit
allude to -- to refer to
amount to -- to be equal to something | to count something as a total
angle for -- to try to get something indirectly by hinting
answer back -- to make counter-argument | to give rude reply to your senior, an authority, etc.
answer for -- to be responsible
answer to somebody for something -- to explain your decision or action
appertain to -- to refer or relate
argue down -- to beat somebody in an argument or a debate | to persuade people not to accept a proposal or motion | to persuade a seller to reduce the price
argue somebody into doing something -- to give reasons to persuade somebody do or not do something
arrive at -- to decide something after deliberation
arrogate to yourself -- to claim/take without having right
ascribe to -- to think or say something is done by somebody
ask around -- to talk to many people with a view to get information | to invite
ask for -- to request or demand something | to provoke a negative reaction
ask in -- to invite somebody into your house
ask out -- to invite someone for a date
attend to -- to deal with somebody/something
auction off -- to sell something at an auction
avail yourself of -- to take advantage of an opportunity
average out -- to make even; to calculate the average | to balance or equalize
awake/awaken to -- to be aware of possible effects of something
Respect for the diversity of the world also is emphasized in the book in that the traditional speaking model has been expanded to include speaking options that characterize diverse cultural groups. For all of the processes of presentingsuch as selecting a speaking goal, organizing ideas, elaborating on ideas, and delivering the presentation the book includes and validates more inclusive speaking practices.
Sample presentations reflect concepts presented in the text, providing clear and contemporary examples of the best invitational speaking practices. The exceptionally accessible writing style and reasonable price make this concise text attractive for students and instructors alike.
Present Real Conditional Sentences
The Present Real Conditional Is Used To Talk About What You Normally Do In Real-Life Situations.
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…, Second Part – Simple Present]
[First Part – Simple Present, Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]
Whether Use “If” OR “When”?
"If" implies - things don’t happen regularly.
“When” implies - things happen regularly.
If you eat too much fast food, it makes you overweight.
Or [It makes you overweight if you eat too much fast food.]
If you put salt on salad, they taste nicer.
Or [They taste nicer if you put salt on salad.]
When I have a free time, I often sit in the library. [Regularly]
Or [I often sit in the library when I have a free time.]
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…, Second Part – Simple Present]
If I move to school, I never take my mobile.
If you want to be a super achiever, first recognize your own capabilities.
If it melts, it raises the sea level.
If something bad happens anywhere, it is natural to be sad.
If you heat water, it boils.
If office closes early, we definitely go to library.
If you need help, call me.
If I don’t come on time, you are supposed to leave the office.
If you feel sleepy, just go to bed.
If that isn’t absolute verification, I don’t know what is.
If the contractors fail to achieve the target within the specified period, they are liable to pay damages.
If you don't get the first good, be content with the second good. [Note: Use of Imperative Sentence]
If you are working for something with convictions, you are satisfied.
If proper punishment is not awarded to the accused, the faith of the society is shaken in the legal system of the country. [Note: Use of passive voice – is + awarded, and is + shaken]
If uranium is bombarded with neutron, it absorbs some.
If a Swedish govt. is interested in such a deal at all, Sweden can negotiate for itself a better deal.
If a person is abused repeatedly then that person has the right to object and right to argue also.
If my statement has pained someone then I regret it.
If they have done something wrong that doesn’t mean I have also done something wrong.
If the refugee cannot afford to pay, she may be refused access to the hospital or have her refugee card confiscated.
[First Part – Simple Present, Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]
I have come to bother you if you don’t mind.
We don’t even know if any person by that name exists.
Their wages are cut if they do not report for duty on time.
You learn a language better if you visit the country where it is spoken.
Agency works under pressure if one goes by what ex-Director says.
I apologize if at all the article hurt anyone.
Power companies can hike the tariffs if the cost of imported coal rises.
Hang me if I am guilty.
I meet him if I go there.
Butter dissolves if you leave it in sun.
Plants die if you don’t water them.
Milk goes off if you don’t keep it in a cool place.
Ask the officer if you have any problem.
I don’t mind if you sit in my cabin.
Customers get upset if they are being overcharged.
I have no problem if her name is disclosed.
They promised to slash power rates if they are elected.
Existing laws can be deterrent if time-based trial is conducted.
Do you mind if I turn on the radio for a while.
A death row convict cannot be executed if he is not physically and mentally fit.
A student may not be motivated to work hard if promotion is guaranteed.
Many of the deaths can be avoided if bikers wear the helmet.
I go by taxi when the bus is late.
The word "imperative" is derived from the term "emperor".
Imperative sentences are used to give commands (orders).
Imperative sentences are also used to give instruction/advice/suggestion/warning/invitation/appeal.
Imperative sentences are also used to make a request. You should use ‘please’ (or other polite word) in the beginning or at the end of the sentence to make a request.
An imperative sentence begins with the base (first) form of a verb which is also called verb word. In imperative sentence, subject - ‘you’ - is understood. However, for first and third person imperative, imperative sentence begins with ‘let’.
You can end imperative sentence with period (.) or exclamation (!). Exclamation is used to show direct and firm command.
‘Imperative’ is one of the three moods of an English verb (indicative, imperative and subjunctive).
EXAMPLES OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES:
(A). DIRECT ORDER
Attend the meeting.
Discharge your duty.
Enforce the law.
Quash the previous order.
Return to work.
Vacate this place.
Climb the stair.
Fill out this form.
Go on foot.
Hang a painting.
Light a candle.
Note this down.
Open up the cage.
Push a trolley.
Spell it out.
Tie your shoe laces.
Unpack the luggage.
(C). INFORMAL ADVICE
Book a hotel room.
Improve your appearance.
Mend your ways.
Follow your dreams
Keep up your English.
Don’t Jump that gate!
Watch out for traffic signal!
Come to the party with me.
Have a meal with us.
Let’s stay in my house.
Let’s curb the menace of drugs addiction.
Give me five hundred dollars, please.
Come soon, please.
Other Uses of Imperative Sentences:
1. Wish -- Have a safe journey.
2. Apology -- Pardon me.
3. Permission -- Join us if you want.
4. Public Notice --
Imperatives are used on signboards or notice board:
Keep off the grass.
Insert your ATM card.
Pull the door.
Important Note -- An imperative sentence can imply different senses (command/instruction/advice, etc.) based on the intonation. [Note: ‘Intonation’ is defined as the rise and fall of the voice in speaking, as this affects the meaning of what is being said.]
English Imperative Sentences -- A
Abide by the commission’s verdict.
Accept his decision.
Achieve your target.
Acknowledge achievements of women.
Acquire land for road infrastructure.
Act quickly. / Act swiftly.
Add details to this report.
Address a press conference.
Address his concerns regarding payments next week.
Address their demands.
Adhere to dos and don’ts of the pilgrimage.
Adhere to the standard operating procedure.
Adjust the rules to help consumers.
Adjust to a new location.
Admire your parents.
Adopt ‘do it right’ approach.
Adopt a good strategy in choosing right candidates.
Adopt long-term vision for industry.
Adopt modern technology.
Adopt wait and watch policy.
Adopt zero tolerance against underage driving.
Airlift the injured to the state capital for treatment.
Allow her to explain herself completely without interrupting her.
Allow him to return home.
Alter the course of your life.
Amend the act.
Analyze the reasons for your defeat.
Analyze the sample.
Announce a compensation for the victim’s family.
Announce your candidacy.
Answer the question.
Anticipate rate hikes.
Apologize if you hurt someone.
Apply band aid / Apply ointment.
Apply colours on his forehead.
Apply for a job.
Apply for marks verification.
Apply for passport.
Appoint a manager.
Appreciate compassionate behaviour.
Approach him for help.
Approach the court.
Approve the plan.
Arrange everything before it is late.
Arrange for cash to meet your expenses.
Arrange funds from your relatives.
Arrange funds on your own.
Arrive early on the scene.
Ask for a receipt.
Ask for more information.
Ask him his name.
Ask him what had happened.
Ask the right questions.
Useful English Idioms -- A
be taken aback -- to be shocked
in abeyance -- postponed
above all -- most of all
keep abreast of -- to know the latest update
in the abstract -- generally
in abundance -- in great amounts or quantities
by accident -- unintentionally
to the accompaniment of -- in the addition of something else
in accord -- in agreement
of your own accord -- willingly
with one accord -- in unison
in accordance with -- according to a rule or system
by all accounts -- as said by other people
by your own account -- as said by you
of no account -- of no significance
on somebody’s account -- because of other person
on account of -- because of
on no account -- without any reason
on your own account -- by or for yourself
on this account -- because of this
turn something to good account -- to make the best use of something
take account of -- to consider something during decision-making process
hold all the aces -- to be in the most favorable situation
place your ace -- to use your best argument, etc. to make situation in your favor
make the acquaintance of somebody -- to be familiar with somebody for the first time
of your acquaintances -- that you know
on first acquaintance -- on first meeting
an acquired taste -- something that you like gradually
act of God -- a natural event
do a vanishing act -- to be absent when you are required to be present
get your act together -- to make your best efforts achieve to your goal
a hard act to follow -- to be perfect example of something and thus almost impossible to be emulated
in the act of doing something -- while somebody is doing something
in action -- doing the usual activity
into action -- to be implemented
out of action -- not working
add insult to injury -- to aggravate the relationship with somebody
in addition -- besides
without further ado -- immediately
of advanced age -- very old
work to your advantage -- to try to get advantage form a particular circumstance
to best advantage -- in a best possible way
turn something to your advantage -- to get an advantage from an unfavorable situation
Take something under advisement -- to consider something during decision-making process
under the aegis of -- with the support of
run afoul of -- to do something illegal
from afar -- from a long distance away
far afield -- from a long distance away
run afoul of -- to do something illegal
after all -- in spite of everything
act your age -- to behave maturely and sensibly
come of age -- to be legally mature
under age -- to be legally immature
in aggregate -- as a total
agree to differ -- (of two people) to not discuss their different views about something
take aim at -- to criticize severely
walk on air -- to be delighted
in the air -- felt by many people
on air -- broadcasting on TV, etc.
off air -- not broadcasting on TV, etc.
up in the air -- undecided
walk down the aisle -- to get married
alarm bells ring -- to be worried and apprehensive in a sudden way
alive and kicking -- healthy and lively
bring something alive -- to make something exciting
come alive -- to be exciting
and all that -- and other things of the same kind
not all that -- not particularly
allow me -- used to offer help in a polite manner
make allowance for something -- to consider something during decision-making process
make allowance for somebody -- to accept somebody’s improper, rude, etc. way of behaving because of special reason
go it alone -- to do something on your own
leave alone -- to stop annoying somebody
stand alone -- to be independent or unrelated to somebody/something
‘Literary words’ are associated with literature.
‘Literary words’ are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing.
‘Literary words’ are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, drama, poetry and other writing in a literary manner.
This book has been divided into three sections:
Section 01: Common Literary Words
Section 02: Figurative Use of the Words
Section 03: Glossary of Literary Terms
NOTE -- A:
Use of an ‘Elevated’ Word in Place of a ‘Simple’ Word
‘Elevated language’ is widely used in literature.
Elevated Word -- a word that is used to show a high intellectual level
Simple Word -- a word that is used to keep conversation simple in daily life
‘Behold’ [elevated word] | ‘See’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘behold’ and ‘see’:
to become aware of something by using your eyes
‘Blithe’ [elevated word] | ‘Happy’ [simple word]
Meaning of ‘blithe’ and ‘happy’:
showing or feeling pleasure
NOTE -- B:
FIGURATIVE USE OF THE WORDS
Many words and phrases are used in a different (literary) way from their usual (literal) meanings to produce a special effect. [I have put these words together in Section-2 (figurative use of the words) of this book.]
ache: In general sense -- to feel a continuous pain
His leg ached because of injury.
ache: In literary sense -- to be very sad
His false accusations made our heart ache. [= made us sad]
Flash: In general sense -- to shine brightly for a few moments
Camera flashed once.
Flash: In literary sense -- to suddenly show a strong emotion
Their eyes flashed with horror.
NOTE -- C:
There are many words which are used to describe particular form of writing in a literary work, or used in analysis, discussion, classification, and criticism of a literary work. [I have defined these terms in Section-3 (glossary of literary terms) of this book.]
catharsis -- the process of releasing strong feelings through artistic activities
diction -- the choice and use of words to create a specific effect in a literary work
epithet -- a word or expression used to attribute special quality to somebody/something
genre -- a particular category, style or type to which a literary wok belongs
holograph -- handwritten piece of writing by its author
idyll -- a poem that describes a peaceful and happy scene
juvenilia -- a literary work produced by an artist, in his/her youth
melodrama -- a literary work that is full of exciting and exaggerated events or emotions
opera -- a dramatic work where a majority of the words are sung to music
panegyric -- a speech or written composition that praises somebody/something
prosody -- the patterns of rhythms and sounds in poetry
quatrain -- a verse of a poem that has four lines
refrain -- a line or number of lines of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse
scene -- one of the small sections within an act (a major division) of a play
semantic -- relating to the meaning of words and sentences
trilogy -- a set of three books, plays, movies, etc. on the same characters or subject
figure of speech -- an expression in which a word or phrase represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal) to create a particular effect in somebody’s mind, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound. [Some common figures of speech are as follows -- alliteration, anaphora, antistrophe. apostrophe, assonance, consonance, hyperbole, irony, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, periphrasis, personification, simile, synecdoche]
Sales calls. Weddings. Business conferences. Weekly meetings. We're all called on to speak in public. Often, professional success and advancement depend on it. Yet many people find the experience draining or terrifying, or remain unsatisfied with their own ability to engage and sway an audience. In Present Like a Pro, you'll learn how to:
· Solicit useful feedback.
· Deal with hecklers.
· Gracefully handle A/V malfunctions.
· Sell your point through audience participation.
· Evoke the power of your own life in your talk.
· And much more!
Kevin E. O'Connor and Cyndi Maxey have distilled the knowledge they've acquired from more than forty-five years combined of professional speaking into a concise, easy-to-use guide that will help anyone Present Like a Pro!
01. Category Words -- Sounds
02. Category Words -- Ways of Thinking
03. Category Words -- Ways of Walking
04. Category Words -- Ways of Movement
05. Category Words -- Ways of Changing
06. Category Words -- Ways of Laughing and Smiling
07. Category Words -- Ways of Seeing
08. Category Words -- Ways of Saying Something
09. Category Words -- Ways of Writing and Marking
10. Category Words -- Ways of Continuing
11. Category Words -- Feelings
12. Category Words -- Cooking
13. Category Words -- Disturbance
14. Category Words -- Situation of Confusion
15(A). Category Words -- Smells
15(B). Category Words -- Tastes
16. Category Words -- Cries of Creatures
17. Category Words -- Colors
18. Category Words -- Remarks
19. Category Words -- Body Marks
20. Category Words -- Body and Body Shape
21. Category Words -- ‘Old’
22. Category Words -- Time and Numbers
23. Category Words -- Zodiac Sign and Birthstones
24. Category Words -- Fabrics
25. Category Words -- Shapes
26. Category Words -- Religion
27(A). Category Words -- Nature
27(B). Category Words -- Biomes
28. Category Words -- People and Family
29. Category Words -- Currencies
30. Category Words -- Measurement Units
31. Category Words -- Government
32. Category Words -- Miscellaneous
01. Category Words -- Sounds
01. Babble -- the sound of many people speaking all together
Example: Babble of Voices
02. Bang -- sudden loud noise
Example: Bang of a Gun
03. Beat -- sound made by a series of regular blows to something
Examples: Beating of Drums | Beating of Wings
04. Blast -- the sound of an explosion | sound made by blowing of musical instruments
Examples: Blast of a Bomb | Blast of a siren
05. Blow -- to produce a sound by forcing your breath out when your lips are closed
Examples: Blowing of Bungles | Blowing of Trumpet | Blowing of Whistle
06. Boom -- loud deep sound
Example: Booming of Guns
07. Chatter -- a series of short high sounds
Examples: Chattering of Birds | Chattering of Monkeys | Chattering of Teeth
08. Chink -- light ringing sound
Example: Chinking of Glass
09. Clang -- loud ringing sound of metals
Examples: Clanging of Arms | Clanging of Bells
10. Clank -- loud sound of metal objects hitting together
Example: Clanking of Chains
11. Clap -- the sound of hitting something by hand | sudden loud noise
Examples: Clapping of Hands | Clapping of Thunder
12. Clatter -- loud noise made by knocking of hard objects
Examples: Clattering of Hoofs | Clattering of Knife
13. Crackle -- a series of light sharp sounds
Examples: Crackling of Fire-Wood | Crackling of Gunfire | Crackling of Flames
14. Creak -- a series of sharp sounds
Examples: Creaking of a Whip | Creaking of Shoes
15. Din -- loud, unpleasant sound that lasts for a long time
Example: Din of a Crowd
16. Ding -- sound made by a bell
Example: Ding of a Bell
17. Explode -- to make loud, violent sound
Examples: Exploding of Guns | Exploding of Bombs | Exploding of Rocket
18. Flap -- quick noisy movement
Examples: Flapping of Wings | Flapping of Newspaper | Flapping of Steam
19. Jingle -- a sound like small bells ringing
Example: Jingling of Coins
20. Knock -- the sound of somebody hitting a door, gate, window, etc.
Examples: Knocking of a Door | Knocking of a Window
Briscoe addresses all aspects of policy debate, including stock issues, judging paradigms and effective engagement with judges, the responsibilities of both affirmative and negative teams, and the evaluation of policy proposals through the use of disadvantages, counterplans, and critical argumentation. In addition, Briscoe helps debaters better establish their credibility, improve their cross-examination skills, and understand the specialized notetaking method called flowing. The book models for readers how to effectively cross-examine an opposing team, features a transcript of a mock debate designed to help clarify the lessons taught in previous chapters, and includes a glossary of key terms. Briscoe also considers contemporary trends in the debate community, exploring the evolution of policy debate and the rise of performance-based approaches, while providing insight into how best to engage with performance teams.
Offering a unique approach presented by a seasoned debate coach, Policy Debate: A Guide for High School and College Debaters goes beyond the basics to explore how policy is an ever-evolving form of debate. This attention to the progression of policy styles will make readers better at adapting to opponents during a debate and will make them more adept at arguing against a wider range of cases.
Called upon to make a toast at your daughter’s dirthday? Your boss's baby shower? Your brother's wedding? Your sister's divorce? Don't worry about what to say. Pour everyone a drink and relax. Your wit is about to get sharpened for you…
May you live as long as you want, and not want as long as you live…
This entertaining and comprehensive guide—fully indexed by category, occasion and contributor—includes more than 1,300 heartwarming, hilarious, cynical, sentimental, and exotic toasts. It is the perfect party companion, whether you’re saluting good health, bad habits, old enemies, or new friends.
To all our guests who make us happy, some by coming and others by going…
Featuring all the right words for all right occasions by Oscar Wilde, Charles Dickens, Dorothy Parker, Mark Twain, Groucho Marx, John F. Kennedy, Winston Churchill, W.C. Fields, Bette Davis, Jack London, Robert Frost, Ogden Nash, Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, John Barrymore, P.J. O'Rourke, Miss Piggy, Emily Dickinson, William Shakespeare, Mae West, Walter Winchell, Socrates, Benjamin Franklin, Victor Hugo, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Gloria Steinhem and hundreds of others who never worried about being at a loss for words.
And here's to living well, 'tis the best revenge…
(Ahem)…I think it was a wise old soul who once said…
Never eat more than you can lift.—Miss Piggy
Here's to age. Do not resist growing old, many are denied the privilege.—Anonymous
A Merry Christmas this December to a lot of folks I don't remember.—Franklin Adams
I have known many, liked a few, loved only one, so here's to you.—Anonymous
Forgive your enemies, but remember their names!—John F. Kennedy
Here's to happiness, it sneaks in through a door you didn't know you left open.—John Barrymore
Here's to love which doesn't make the world go round, but it sure makes the ride worthwhile.—Mae West
I know the things I know, and do the things I do,And if you do not like me so to hell, my love, with you!—Dorothy Parker
Let us toast the fools; but for them the rest of us could not succeed.—Mark Twain
I used to know a clever toast, but pshaw, I cannot think of it.So fill your glass to anything, and bless your souls I'll drink to it.—Wallace Irwin