Founder of the World Zionist Organization and an Austrian intellectual, Herzl recognized that Jews would never be truly assimilated in any country they settled in, even over the course of centuries, and could only find a home in their own nation. More than that, creating a new Jewish state would provide the opportunity to evolve it under advanced Western democratic ideals and structures. "The earth resounds with outcries against the Jews," Herzl wrote, "and these outcries have awakened the slumbering idea." The idea was a "very old one: the restoration of the Jewish State." But it was given a new voice and Utopian contours by Herzl.
Translated from Herzl's Der Judenstaat to English in this 1904 version and supplemented with notes and a preface by Jacob De Haas in 1917, this version recounts steps that Herzl and others had taken after 1896 toward persuading world leaders of the necessity of creating a Jewish homeland in what is present-day Israel. Adding the 2014 introductory essay by Professor Auerbach, the Quid Pro Books edition is the new, professional digital edition with accurate republication of an early and accepted translation of this historic work. This version features proper formatting and proofreading from the original text, active Table of Contents, and linked notes. Part of the History & Heroes Series.
"The Jews' State" is over one hundred years old. The work is both catalyst and prophecy. Catalyst: Speaking both to Jews and to the international community, it virtually launched the modern debate about a modern state for Jews. Prophecy: it foretold the entire scope of this debate, its timing, its spread, its nature, its parameters. It is all there in embryo for us to read and ponder. This little book continues to inform conceptions and arguments about the position on Jews in their state and in the world, and about the relationship between Jews and their fellow human beings. In a very real sense, it still deeply guides how we view the contemporary Middle East.
Translated and retranslated countless times and into many languages since it was published, this present translation is one of only three English versions that have been attempted in the century since its first publication, the first in English in twenty-five years. Its concerns are both text and context. Though the text has been with us ever since is publication, it is the context that needs recreating. Among the factors that have created distance between us and the world in which The Jews' State was created include: The experience of the world and the Jewish community during the last century, the salience of anti-Semitism, the Holocaust, the formations and development of the state of Israel, the troubled existence of the Jewish state ever since its inception, the continuing Jewish diaspora and its relationship with the state and world. The common understandings which Theodore Herzl assumed in his readers have dissipated and vanished, and with them a sense of his book's import and impact. These understandings need to be retrieved and recreated.
The present edition is therefore an attempt both at presentation and retrieval: Presentation of the text in the language of today: retrieval of the context which gave rise to it. This dual function informs the three main parts of this edition. Its first part is an account of the ideological and social worlds in which Herzl worked and wrote, the Jewish world and the mainstream world, and it argues that Herzl's interaction with both these worlds rests on some complex attitudes on his part in which approval, compliance, critique, and rejection all played a role. There follows a section on The Jews' State itself, which picks up on the main themes that occupied Herzl, and discusses their scope and treatment. This first part finishes with a description of the initial impact of The Jews' State on Herzl's world.
The second part of this edition offers a presentation of the text itself, in the form of a translation, which attempts to recreate in a modern idiom the content of the work as well as some of the peculiarities of Herzl's style. The third part of this edition consists of a critical glossary, dealing with some salient issues in translation as well as the explanation of a number of terms and allusions in the text, whose meaning is not immediately obvious to modern readers. The edition closes with a bibliography."
Theodor Herzl's passionate advocacy of the founding of a Jewish state grew out of his conviction that Jews would never be assimilated into the populations in which they lived. Born in Budapest, Hungary in 1860, Herzl encountered anti-Semitism when he attended a scientific secondary school. Later, as a newspaper correspondent in Paris, he was shocked and dismayed by the anti-Semitic prejudice surrounding the notorious Dreyfus affair (Herzl said in later years that it was the Dreyfus affair that had made a Zionist out of him). Herzl concluded that the only solution for the majority of Jews would be organized emigration to a state of their own.
He discussed the political and historic rationale for such a homeland in this extraordinary and influential book, first published as a pamphlet, Der Judenstaat, in Vienna in 1896. The Jewish question, he wrote, was not a social or religious question but a national question that could be solved only by making it "a political world question to be discussed and settled by the civilized nations of the world in council." In 1897, at a world congress of Zionism, he declared, "We want to lay the foundation stone for the house which will become the refuge of the Jewish nation. Zionism is the return to Judaism even before the return to the land of Israel."
The present volume is a complete and unabridged republication of The Jewish State, reproduced from the edition published by the American Zionist Emergency Council, New York, 1946. Translated by Sylvie D'Avigdor, it includes an introduction by Louis Lipsky, and a biography of Herzl based on the work of Alex Bein. For Jews, scholars, historians, anyone seeking to understand the history of the 20th century, The Jewish State is indispensable reading. This edition makes it widely available in an inexpensive high-quality format.
Theodor Herzl's passionate advocacy of the founding of a Jewish state grew out of his conviction that Jews would never be assimilated into the populations in which they lived. Herzl concluded that the only solution for the majority of Jews would be organised emigration to a state of their own.
Herzl's political and social plea was the result of centuries of restrictions, hostility and pogroms against the Jews of Europe. His revolutionary proposal for the solution to anti-Semitism was a Jewish state, where Jews could live in peace, free from persecution - and this hugely influential essay led directly to the creation of Israel.
GREAT IDEAS. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.
Herzl war der Begründer des politischen Zionismus und präsentierte in diesem Roman sechs Jahre nach seinem sachlich-konzeptuellen Buch "Der Judenstaat" seine Utopie einer jüdischen Gesellschaftsordnung in Palästina.
Theodor Herzl (2. Mai 1860 in Pest, Kaisertum Österreich – 3. Juli 1904 in Edlach an der Rax, Niederösterreich) war ein österreichisch-ungarischer Schriftsteller jüdischer Herkunft, Publizist und Journalist und der Begründer des modernen politischen Zionismus. Er gilt deshalb als der zentrale Vordenker und zugleich als aktiver Wegbereiter eines modernen jüdischen Staates, der später in Form des modernen Staates Israel Realität wurde. 1896 veröffentlichte er das Buch "Der Judenstaat"; dieses hatte er unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus-Affäre geschrieben. Herzls ungarischer Name war Herzl Tivadar, seine hebräischen Vornamen Binyamin Ze'ev. Mit Benjamin unterschrieb er auch eine sehr große Zahl von Briefen, falls er nicht mit Herzl oder Theodor Herzl zeichnete. In hebräischen Zeitungen, z. B. in "Elieser ben Jehudas Haschqapha", wurde statt des ursprünglich griechischen Namens Theodor das gleichbedeutende hebräische Mattitjahu verwendet. Herzls Pseudonym in der von ihm 1897 gegründeten zionistischen Wochenzeitung "Die Welt" war Benjamin Seff.
Inhalt der "Gesammelten Werke":
- Der Judenstaat
- Philosophische Erzählungen: Solon in Lydien. / Das lenkbare Luftschiff. / Sarah Holzmann. / Pygmalion. / Der Aufruhr von Amalfi. / Kilchberg und sein Vetter. / Die Reise nach einem Lächeln. / Der Sohn. / Mumbo. / Die Güter des Lebens. / Die Garderobe. / Die schöne Rosalinde. / Die Heilung vom Spleen. / Die Raupe. / Eine gute Tat. / Der Unternehmer Buonaparte. / Das Wirtshaus zum Anilin.