Optical lithography is one of the most challenging areas of current integrated circuit manufacturing technology. The semiconductor industry is relying more on resolution enhancement techniques (RETs), since their implementation does not require significant changes in fabrication infrastructure. Computational Lithography is the first book to address the computational optimization of RETs in optical lithography, providing an in-depth discussion of optimal optical proximity correction (OPC), phase shifting mask (PSM), and off-axis illumination (OAI) RET tools that use model-based mathematical optimization approaches.
The book starts with an introduction to optical lithography systems, electric magnetic field principles, and the fundamentals of optimization from a mathematical point of view. It goes on to describe in detail different types of optimization algorithms to implement RETs. Most of the algorithms developed are based on the application of the OPC, PSM, and OAI approaches and their combinations. Algorithms for coherent illumination as well as partially coherent illumination systems are described, and numerous simulations are offered to illustrate the effectiveness of the algorithms. In addition, mathematical derivations of all optimization frameworks are presented.
The accompanying MATLAB® software files for all the RET methods described in the book make it easy for readers to run and investigate the codes in order to understand and apply the optimization algorithms, as well as to design a set of optimal lithography masks. The codes may also be used by readers for their research and development activities in their academic or industrial organizations. An accompanying MATLAB® software guide is also included. An accompanying MATLAB® software guide is included, and readers can download the software to use with the guide at ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/computational_lithography.
Tailored for both entry-level and experienced readers, Computational Lithography is meant for faculty, graduate students, and researchers, as well as scientists and engineers in industrial organizations whose research or career field is semiconductor IC fabrication, optical lithography, and RETs. Computational lithography draws from the rich theory of inverse problems, optics, optimization, and computational imaging; as such, the book is also directed to researchers and practitioners in these fields.
This book details recent advances in nonlinear theory and methods and explores an array of modern signal and image processing applications. The first several chapters focus on nonlinear signal processing theory, targeting three critical areas: filter analysis, nonlinear filter class design, and signal analysis. The remaining chapters explore nonlinear approaches across the broad spectrum of applications with signal processing components, from data traffic modeling and image enhancement to cutting edge applications in genomics.
All of the chapters were contributed by well-known theorists and application-driven researchers who explore current and emerging nonlinear methods from their theoretical background and practical algorithms through the potential of these methods for solving important open questions. Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing: Theory, Methods, and Applications thus provides a singular opportunity to build a strong, fundamental understanding of nonlinear theory and methods and a foundation upon which to approach many of today's most interesting and challenging signal processing problems.
From the author of How the Universe Got Its Spots and A Madman Dreams of Turing Machines, the epic story of the scientific campaign to record the soundtrack of our universe.
Black holes are dark. That is their essence. When black holes collide, they will do so unilluminated. Yet the black hole collision is an event more powerful than any since the origin of the universe. The profusion of energy will emanate as waves in the shape of spacetime: gravitational waves. No telescope will ever record the event; instead, the only evidence would be the sound of spacetime ringing. In 1916, Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves, his top priority after he proposed his theory of curved spacetime. One century later, we are recording the first sounds from space, the soundtrack to accompany astronomy’s silent movie.
In Black Hole Blues and Other Songs from Outer Space, Janna Levin recounts the fascinating story of the obsessions, the aspirations, and the trials of the scientists who embarked on an arduous, fifty-year endeavor to capture these elusive waves. An experimental ambition that began as an amusing thought experiment, a mad idea, became the object of fixation for the original architects—Rai Weiss, Kip Thorne, and Ron Drever. Striving to make the ambition a reality, the original three gradually accumulated an international team of hundreds. As this book was written, two massive instruments of remarkably delicate sensitivity were brought to advanced capability. As the book draws to a close, five decades after the experimental ambition began, the team races to intercept a wisp of a sound with two colossal machines, hoping to succeed in time for the centenary of Einstein’s most radical idea. Janna Levin’s absorbing account of the surprises, disappointments, achievements, and risks in this unfolding story offers a portrait of modern science that is unlike anything we’ve seen before.
From the Hardcover edition.
After offering a basic definition of waves and explaining the mechanics of wind-wave generation, Raichlen describes how waves travel, how they shoal (rise), how they break, and how they transform in other ways. He goes on to describe, among other things, the complicated sun-Earth-moon combinations that create astronomical tides (the high and low tides that occur daily and predictably); the effects of waves on the beach, including rip currents and beach erosion, and on harbors and shipping; and the building of breakwaters to protect harbors and bays. He discusses hurricanes, storm surges, and hurricane-generated waves. He offers a brief history of tsunamis, including Sumatra's in 2004 and Japan's in 2011, and explains the mechanisms that generate them (including earthquakes, landslides, and volcanoes).
Waves can be little ripples that lap peacefully at the shore or monstrous tsunamis that destroy everything in their paths. Describing the science underlying this astonishing variety, Waves offers a different kind of beach reading.
A unified account of the field rather than a description of parallel methods, the text's main thematic approaches include the self-consistent field and its generalizations, perturbation theory and the use of Feynman diagrams, and the use of Green functions to describe excitations of a many-body system. The primary emphasis is on the theories of atomic nuclei, the electron gas, superconductivity, and liquid helium three. A familiarity with the principles of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics is assumed, but a detailed knowledge of nuclear and solid state physics is unnecessary.
This is an ideal reference for professionals in the public and private power service sectors such as engineers, lawyers, systems specialists, economists, financial analysts, policy analysts, and applied mathematicians.
Serving both as a text for students in engineering departments and as a reference for practicing engineers, this book focuses on electroacoustics, analyzing the behavior of transducers with the aid of electro-mechano-acoustical circuits. Assuming knowledge of electrical circuit theory, it starts by guiding readers through the basics of sound fields, the laws governing sound generation, radiation, and propagation, and general terminology. It then moves on to examine:Microphones (electrostatic and electromagnetic), electrodynamic loudspeakers, earphones, and hornsLoudspeaker enclosures, baffles, and waveguidesMiniature applications (e.g., MEMS in I-Pods and cellphones)Sound in enclosures of all sizes, such as school rooms, offices, auditoriums, and living rooms
Numerical examples and summary charts are given throughout the text to make the material easily applicable to practical design. It is a valuable resource for experimenters, acoustical consultants, and to those who anticipate being engineering designers of audio equipment.An update for the digital age of Leo Beranek's classic 1954 book AcousticsProvides detailed acoustic fundamentals, enabling better understanding of complex design parameters, measurement methods, and dataExtensive appendices cover frequency-response shapes for loudspeakers, mathematical formulas, and conversion factors
Addressing questions most ocean visitors have had and offering new ones for our consideration, The Science of Ocean Waves explains in accessible language how waves are formed, how they move, how they become huge and destructive, and how they're being studied now for clues that will help us plan for the future.
Devoting chapters to wind, tides, currents, breakers, tsunamis, forecasting, renewable energy, and El Niño—as well as discussing the gentler properties of ocean waves which inspire us and offer opportunities for relaxation and recreation—Zirker explores the physical factors that create waves.
Drawing on some of the recent storms that have devastated entire regions—such as Hurricane Katrina, the tsunami launched by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake, and the great tsunami that crushed the shore of Japan in 2011—Zirker explains the forces that cause these monster waves and reveals the toll they take on human lives.
Enhanced by dozens of illustrations and a comprehensive glossary, The Science of Ocean Waves will fascinate anyone curious about the science behind the headlines.
Praise for J. B. Zirker
"Scientists know their stuff but are rarely good storytellers, whereas good storytellers rarely possess the necessary sweeping command of a scientific discipline. Zirker is that rare animal who can both communicate the most demanding technical detail and make it accessible."— New Scientist-- Chris Almond
The next few years will see a major revolution in the technology used to deliver television services as the world moves from analog to digital television. Presently, all existing textbooks dealing with analog television standards (NTSC and PAL) are becoming obsolete as the prevalence of digital technology continues to become more widespread. Now, Digital Television: Technology and Standards fills the need for a single, authoritative textbook that covers all aspects of digital television technology.
Divided into three main sections, Digital Television explores:
Video: MPEG-2, which is at the heart of all digital video broadcasting services
Audio: MPEG-2 Advanced Audio Coding and Dolby AC-3, which will be used internationally in digital video broadcasting systems
Systems: MPEG, modulation transmission, forward error correction, datacasting, conditional access, and digital storage media command and control
Complete with tables, illustrations, and figures, this valuable textbook includes problems and laboratories at the end of each chapter and also offers a number of exercises that allow students to implement the various techniques discussed using MATLAB. The authors' coverage of implementation and theory makes this a practical reference for professionals, as well as an indispensable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate-level students in electrical engineering and computer science programs.
This book is designed to provide contemporary readers with an understanding of the emerging high-speed signal integrity issues that are creating roadblocks in digital design. Written by the foremost experts on the subject, it leverages concepts and techniques from non-related fields such as applied physics and microwave engineering and applies them to high-speed digital design—creating the optimal combination between theory and practical applications.
Following an introduction to the importance of signal integrity, chapter coverage includes:Electromagnetic fundamentals for signal integrity Transmission line fundamentals Crosstalk Non-ideal conductor models, including surface roughness and frequency-dependent inductance Frequency-dependent properties of dielectrics Differential signaling Mathematical requirements of physical channels S-parameters for digital engineers Non-ideal return paths and via resonance I/O circuits and models Equalization Modeling and budgeting of timing jitter and noise System analysis using response surface modeling
Each chapter includes many figures and numerous examples to help readers relate the concepts to everyday design and concludes with problems for readers to test their understanding of the material. Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs is suitable as a textbook for graduate-level courses on signal integrity, for programs taught in industry for professional engineers, and as a reference for the high-speed digital designer.
In this simple, descriptive treatment of Tesla's work:
- We start with the analysis of Tesla's experiment in his US patent 787412, providing explanations for his lower bounds, requirements, and superluminal speeds. Modes of operation of Tesla transformer are analyzed, and the true nature of the so-called Tesla-wave explained, considering what renders it to be the most significant technological discovery to date.
- We recognize that the very discovery of radio is a witness to the physical existence of invisible, exclusively 3-dimensional worlds, and spherical potential waves in a fully three-dimensional imaginary space are a fundamental phenomenon and physical reality.
- We progress to discuss implications and applications, and claim that properly constructed radio waves do not travel through our visible domain, allowing for efficient wireless energy transfer irrespective of distance.
- Finally, concentrated in one of the last of the 12 chapters, we present a concise mathematical treatment based on Maxwell's equations in characterizing the Tesla effect.
Redefining the thinking outside-the-box and challenging the state of the art in modern physics, I submit this innovation to your careful scrutiny. This descriptive work is accessible to any reader, including physics and mathematics scholars skilled in the art. The combined experience in the above treatment yields a novel, simple, yet comprehensive view of the spatial construction of the universe, above and beyond the everyday three-dimensional reality experienced by physical senses.
No sensationalist descriptions involving time travel, weapons of global destruction, Soviet military research, mind alteration, age reversal, UFOs, aliens, and a myriad of other manufactured and unrelated topics, are contained in this text. No strings, tensors, elementary particles, or any of the traditional special relativity effects are associated with Tesla waves, and are not mentioned in this text. The most significant problem in theoretical interpretation of Tesla's ideas to date - was the avoidance of the most obvious solution.
Read this flagship book, and discover that the universe is so small that we are all intimately connected through a countably infinite set of pathways of ever decreasing length, and that it is yet so large, that it escapes our senses.
Universe is a lattice of countably infinitely many, mutually embedded, distinct, experientially equivalent, fully-fledged three-dimensional worlds, with all corresponding lengths ratio of Pi/2. Illustrated in C^3 , universe is simply a sphere of radius zero.
Key Features:Acts as a timely introduction for researchers, graduate students and engineers who want to design and deploy subband adaptive filters in their research and applications. Bridges the gaps between two distinct domains: adaptive filter theory and multirate signal processing. Uses a practical approach through MATLAB®-based source programs on the accompanying CD. Includes more than 100 M-files, allowing readers to modify the code for different algorithms and applications and to gain more insight into the theory and concepts of subband adaptive filters.
Subband Adaptive Filtering is aimed primarily at practicing engineers, as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students. It will also be of interest to researchers, technical managers, and computer scientists.
Organized into 13 chapters, this edition starts with an overview of the basic principles of electromagnetism. This text then presents a detailed discussion of Laplace's equation and a treatment of multiple effects, since such material is of considerable significance in the development of radiation theory. Other chapters consider the electromagnetic field equations, which are developed in the time-dependent form. This book discusses as well the subjects of wave propagation in space as well as in material media. The final chapter presents an introduction to relativistic electrodynamics.
This book is a valuable resource for physicists, engineers, and readers who are interested in the applications of electrodynamics in modern physics.
This second edition contains an additional chapter on earth station design and gives extensive focus to space based weapon systems, satellite interference and future trends in satellite technology. Extra information has also been provided on all of the first edition’s topics to enhance the existing coverage.Fully updated new edition with latest technological developments Covers the full range of important applications such remote sensing, weather forecasting, navigational, scientific and military applications Amply illustrated with figures and photographs, this book also contains problems with solutions, which is of benefit students at undergraduate and graduate levels An indispensible book for professionals and students in the field of satellite technology Companion website provides a complete and updated compendium on satellites and satellite launch vehicles
Dr Michael Ainslie is eminently qualified to write this unique book. He has worked on sonar performance modeling problems since 1983. He has written many peer reviewed research articles and conference papers related to sonar performance modeling, making contributions in the fields of sound propagation and detection theory.
For centuries, mariners have spun tales of gargantuan waves, 100-feet high or taller. Until recently scientists dismissed these stories—waves that high would seem to violate the laws of physics. But in the past few decades, as a startling number of ships vanished and new evidence has emerged, oceanographers realized something scary was brewing in the planet’s waters. They found their proof in February 2000, when a British research vessel was trapped in a vortex of impossibly mammoth waves in the North Sea—including several that approached 100 feet.
As scientists scramble to understand this phenomenon, others view the giant waves as the ultimate challenge. These are extreme surfers who fly around the world trying to ride the ocean’s most destructive monsters. The pioneer of extreme surfing is the legendary Laird Hamilton, who, with a group of friends in Hawaii, figured out how to board suicidally large waves of 70 and 80 feet. Casey follows this unique tribe of people as they seek to conquer the holy grail of their sport, a 100-foot wave.
In this mesmerizing account, the exploits of Hamilton and his fellow surfers are juxtaposed against scientists’ urgent efforts to understand the destructive powers of waves—from the tsunami that wiped out 250,000 people in the Pacific in 2004 to the 1,740-foot-wave that recently leveled part of the Alaskan coast.
Like Jon Krakauer’s Into Thin Air, The Wave brilliantly portrays human beings confronting nature at its most ferocious.
Electrical Engineering covers the production and distribution of power and the manufacturing of electrical components used in a number of sectors including construction and building.
Students pursuing electrical engineering study about basics of electricity, electrical circuits, laws of electricity, electromagnetism, transformers, induction motor and etc.
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This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.
Peter Markos and Costas Soukoulis begin by establishing the analogy between wave propagation in electronic systems and electromagnetic media and then show how the transfer matrix can be easily applied to any type of wave propagation, such as electromagnetic, acoustic, and elastic waves. The transfer matrix approach of the tight-binding model allows readers to understand its implementation quickly and all the concepts of solid-state physics are clearly introduced. Markos and Soukoulis then build the discussion of such topics as random systems and localized and delocalized modes around the transfer matrix, bringing remarkable clarity to the subject. Total internal reflection, Brewster angles, evanescent waves, surface waves, and resonant tunneling in left-handed materials are introduced and treated in detail, as are important new developments like photonic crystals, negative index materials, and surface plasmons. Problem sets aid students working through the subject for the first time.
The primary objective of this book is to discuss the fundamental physics upon which the application of electromagnetic waves to the study of magnetically confined plasmas is based.Contents:Controlled Thermonuclear FusionElectron WavesInhomogeneous PlasmasRefractive Index MeasurementsWave Propagation in Turbulent PlasmasNon-Collective ScatteringPlasma ReflectometryElectron Cyclotron Waves in Hot PlasmasElectron Cyclotron Emission
Readership: Advanced students and professionals who are interested in thermonuclear plasmas.
Key Features:Unique presentation of some diagnostic techniques for the study of thermonuclear plasmasThe author is a prominent expert in the area of plasma physics and nuclear fusion researchThere are no competing titles on magnetically confined plasmasKeywords:Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion;Tokamaks;Plasma DiagnosticsReviews:
“This clearly written monograph is a very good text for researchers in the field of thermonuclear fusion in tokamak configurations where numerous electromagnetic processes play the essential role in plasma confinement and diagnostics.”Zentralblatt MATH
Presents a detailed description of practical methods to control echo and noise
Develops a statistical theory for optimal control parameters and presents practical estimation and approximation methods
Emerging Technologies for 3D Video will deal with all aspects involved in 3D video systems and services, including content acquisition and creation, data representation and coding, transmission, view synthesis, rendering, display technologies, human perception of depth and quality assessment.
Key features:Offers an overview of key existing technologies for 3D video Provides a discussion of advanced research topics and future technologies Reviews relevant standardization efforts Addresses applications and implementation issues Includes contributions from leading researchers
The book is a comprehensive guide to 3D video systems and services suitable for all those involved in this field, including engineers, practitioners, researchers as well as professors, graduate and undergraduate students, and managers making technological decisions about 3D video.
* The first book to be dedicated to Time-Variant Filtering
* Provides a complete introduction to the theory and practice of one of the subclasses of time-varying digital systems, parametric digital filters and oscillators
* Presents many examples demonstrating the application of the techniques
An indispensable resource for professional engineers, researchers and PhD students involved in digital signal and image processing, as well as postgraduate students on courses in computer, electrical, electronic and similar departments.
Organized into nine chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the transmission of sound waves in semiconducting crystals that are piezoelectric. This text then examines the reactions of nonpiezoelectric semiconductors with electrons through the deformation potential that changes the shape of the Fermi surface. Other chapters consider the amplification of acoustic waves in semiconductors by the application of an electric field. The final chapter examines how measurements can delineate the Fermi surface of monovalent metals.
Physicists and engineers will find this book useful.
* Acquire essential practical knowledge of motors and drives, with a minimum of math and theory
* Updated material on the latest and most widely-used modern motors and drives
* New edition includes additional diagrams and worked examples throughout
Are you an aspiring journeyman or master electrician? The Electrician's Trade DeMYSTiFieD makes it shockingly easy to prepare for licensing exams and onthe- job success.
Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide describes the typical licensing process, which varies by region, and explains how to determine the specific requirements for your state or city. You'll get a thorough review of the National Electrical Code (NEC), including ways to access exam answers on an open-book basis. Detailed examples and concise explanations make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce key concepts.
It's a no-brainer! You'll learn:How to find licensing requirements for the state in which you plan to work Time-saving methods for navigating through the NEC What it takes to become a journeyman and master electrician Strategies for passing your exam How to use logic to improve your score Jobsite procedures that promote efficiency and productivity
Simple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, The Electrician's Trade DeMYSTiFieD helps you maximize your test score and become a successful working electrician!
That is why this valuable reference provides a complete survey of methods for computational acoustics, namely FEM and BEM. It demonstrates that both methods can be effectively used in the complementary cases.
The chapters by well-known authors are evenly balanced: 10 chapters on FEM and 10 on BEM. An initial conceptual chapter describes the derivation of the wave equation and supplies a unified approach to FEM and BEM for the harmonic case. A categorization of the remaining chapters and a personal outlook complete this introduction. In what follows, both FEM and BEM are discussed in the context of very different problems.
Firstly, this comprises numerical issues, e.g. convergence, multi-frequency solutions and highly efficient methods; and secondly, solutions techniques for the particular difficulties that arise with external problems, e.g. discussion of absorbing boundaries for FEM and treatment of the non-uniqueness problem for BEM. Finally, both parts on FEM and on BEM are completed by chapters on related problems, e.g. formulations for fluid-structure interaction. In addition to time-harmonic problems, transient problems are considered in some chapters. Many theoretical and industrial applications are presented.
Overall, this book is a unified review of the state-of-the-art on FEM and BEM for computational acoustics.
Now published as a portable, learning, reference and subject revision guide students, teachers and hobbyists have their own low-cost version as an eBook on their mobile phone. Explanatory text is condensed to note form making it quick and easy to find the detail on the selected topic or to provide a content reminder. All common formula for the subject are included using typical values with calculations and results determined from the software default inputs.
The PC software to accompany your mobile device eBook provides you with an easy and enjoyable way to study your chosen subject. Comprising hundreds of menu selected colorful topics where the graphic images on your mobile are brought to life for every value change along with many additional learning and software features.
A unique combined digital portable study device and educational software package at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
See Additional Notes for the educational software download to accompany this eBook title.
Imagine getting four of the greatest minds of modern physics in a room together to explain and debate the theories and innovations of their day. This is the fascinating experience of reading Letters on Wave Mechanics, the correspondence between H. A. Lorentz, Max Planck, Erwin Schrödinger, and Albert Einstein.
These remarkable letters illuminate not only the basis of Schrödinger’s work in wave mechanics, but also how great scientific minds debated and challenged the ever-changing theories of the day and ultimately embraced an elegant solution to the riddles of quantum theory. Their collected correspondence offers insight into both the personalities and professional aspirations that played a part in this theoretical breakthrough.
This authorized ebook features rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition is Packed with hundreds of colorful diagrams and photographs, this book provides step-by-step instructions for experiments that show you how electronic components work, advice on choosing and using essential tools, and exciting projects you can build in 30 minutes or less. You’ll get charged up as you transform theory into action in chapter after chapter!
• Circuit basics: learn what voltage is, where current flows (and doesn’t flow), and how power is used in a circuit.
• Critical components: discover how resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors control and shape electric current.
• Versatile chips: find out how to use analog and digital integrated circuits to build complex projects with just a few parts.
• Analyze circuits: understand the rules that govern current and voltage and learn how to apply them.
• Safety tips: get a thorough grounding in how to protect yourself—and your electronics—from harm.
Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition helps you explore the basic concepts of electronics with confidence — this book will get you charged up!
the one hand, this success can be attributed to dreams of new physical objects which are the consequences of the singular properties of metamaterials. Among them, we can consider the examples of perfect lensing and invisibility cloaking. On other hand,
metamaterials also provide new tools for the design of well-known wave functions such as antennas for electromagnetic waves.
The goal of this book is to propose an overview of the concept of metamaterials as a perspective on a new practical tool for wave study
and engineering. This includes both the electromagnetic spectrum, from
microwave to optics, and the field of acoustic waves.
1. Overview of Microwave and Optical Metamaterial Technologies, Didier Lippens.
2. MetaLines: Transmission Line Approach for the Design of Metamaterial Devices, Bruno Sauviac.
3. Metamaterials for Non-Radiative Microwave Functions and Antennas, Divitha Seetharamdoo and Bruno Sauviac.
4. Toward New Prospects for Electromagnetic Compatibility, Divitha Seetharamdoo.
5. Dissipative Loss in Resonant Metamaterials, Philippe Tassin, Thomas Koschny, and Costas M. Soukoulis.
6. Transformation Optics and Antennas, André de Lustrac, Shah Nawaz Burokur and Paul-Henri Tichit.
7. Metamaterials for Control of Surface Electromagnetic and Liquid Waves, Sébastien Guenneau, Mohamed Farhat, Muamer Kadic, Stefan Enoch and Romain Quidant.
8. Classical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency, Philippe Tassin, Thomas Koschny and Costas M. Soukoulis.
1. The book is structured to support a variety of academic programs and it can also be used as a general reference by practicing engineers and scientists.
2. The introductory chapter has been revised to outline the new content of the second edition and provide a overview of the current status of fiber optic sensor technology.
3. A new, extensive chapter has been added covering fiber optic grating sensor technology and its application to aerospace, civil structures, oil and gas and power generating applications.
4. A second new chapter has been added on the emerging field of biomedical fiber optic sensors. This is one of the most rapidly growing fields of use for fiber optic sensors and with rising health costs and medical advances promises to be an important area for many years to come.
In Parts I and II the basic properties of the SO(n) group are reviewed and basic theories and techniques related to wave equations in higher dimensions are introduced. Parts III and IV cover important quantum systems in the framework of non-relativistic and relativistic quantum mechanics in terms of the theories presented in Part II. In particular, the Levinson theorem and the generalized hypervirial theorem in higher dimensions, the Schrödinger equation with position-dependent mass and the Kaluza-Klein theory in higher dimensions are investigated. In this context, the dependence of the energy levels on the dimension is shown. Finally, Part V contains conclusions, outlooks and an extensive bibliography.
The first edition of this unique interdisciplinary guide has become the foundational systems engineering textbook for colleges and universities worldwide. It has helped countless readers learn to think like systems engineers, giving them the knowledge, skills, and leadership qualities they need to be successful professionals. Now, colleagues of the original authors have upgraded and expanded the book to address the significant advances in this rapidly changing field.
An outgrowth of the Johns Hopkins University Master of Science Program in Engineering, Systems Engineering: Principles and Practice provides an educationally sound, entry-level approach to the subject, describing tools and techniques essential for the development of complex systems. Exhaustively classroom tested, the text continues the tradition of utilizing models to assist in grasping abstract concepts, emphasizing application and practice. This Second Edition features:
Expanded topics on advanced systems engineering concepts beyond the traditional systems engineering areas and the post-development stage
Updated DOD and commercial standards, architectures, and processes
New models and frameworks for traditional structured analysis and object-oriented analysis techniques
Improved discussions on requirements, systems management, functional analysis, analysis of alternatives, decision making and support, and operational analysis
Supplemental material on the concept of the system boundary
Modern software engineering techniques, principles, and concepts
Further exploration of the system engineer's career to guide prospective professionals
Updated problems and references
The Second Edition continues to serve as a graduate-level textbook for courses introducing the field and practice of systems engineering. This very readable book is also an excellent resource for engineers, scientists, and project managers involved with systems engineering, as well as a useful textbook for short courses offered through industry seminars.
The Third Edition of this landmark book presents new developments in the field of phaselock loops, some of which have never been published until now. Established concepts are reviewed critically and recommendations are offered for improved formulations. The work reflects the author's own research and many years of hands-on experience with phaselock loops.
Reflecting the myriad of phaselock loops that are now found in electronic devices such as televisions, computers, radios, and cell phones, the book offers readers much new material, including:
* Revised and expanded coverage of transfer functions
* Two chapters on phase noise
* Two chapters examining digital phaselock loops
* A chapter on charge-pump phaselock loops
* Expanded discussion of phase detectors and of oscillators
* A chapter on anomalous phaselocking
* A chapter on graphical aids, including Bode plots, root locus plots, and Nichols charts
As in the previous editions, the focus of the book is on underlying principles, which remain valid despite technological advances. Extensive references guide readers to additional information to help them explore particular topics in greater depth.
Phaselock Techniques, Third Edition is intended for practicing engineers, researchers, and graduate students. This critically acclaimed book has been thoroughly updated with new information and expanded for greater depth.
Having trouble understanding the fundamentals of electricity? Problem solved! Electricity Demystified, Second Edition, makes it shockingly easy to learn the basic concepts.
Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide begins by covering direct current (DC), voltage, resistance, circuits, cells, and batteries. The book goes on to discuss alternating current (AC), power supplies, wire, and cable. Magnetism and electromagnetic effects are also addressed. Detailed examples and concise explanations make it easy to understand the material. End-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce key concepts.
It's a no-brainer! You'll learn about:Ohm's Law, power, and energy Kirchhoff's Laws Electrochemical energy Electricity in the home Protecting electronic equipment Electromagnetic interference Practical magnetism
Simple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, Electricity Demystified, Second Edition, powers up your understanding of this essential subject.
The first edition of Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the TMS320C6713 and TMS320C6416 DSK is widely accepted as the most extensive text available on the hands-on teaching of Digital Signal Processing (DSP). Now, it has been fully updated in this valuable Second Edition to be compatible with the latest version (3.1) of Texas Instruments Code Composer Studio (CCS) development environment. Maintaining the original's comprehensive, hands-on approach that has made it an instructor's favorite, this new edition also features:
Added program examples that illustrate DSP concepts in real-time and in the laboratory
Expanded coverage of analog input and output
New material on frame-based processing
A revised chapter on IIR, which includes a number of floating-point example programs that explore IIR filters more comprehensively
More extensive coverage of DSP/BIOS
All programs listed in the text—plus additional applications—which are available on a companion CD-ROM
No other book provides such an extensive or comprehensive set of program examples to aid instructors in teaching DSP in a laboratory using audio frequency signals—making this an ideal text for DSP courses at the senior undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It also serves as a valuable resource for researchers, DSP developers, business managers, and technology solution providers who are looking for an overview and examples of DSP algorithms implemented using the TMS320C6713 and TMS320C6416 DSK.