Comprised of only two sections, this book first covers topics relevant to gamma-ray spectroscopy, such as the excitation and reorientation of coulombs; magnetic moments of excited fields; gamma rays from capture reactions; spectroscopy from fission; angular correlation methods; and lifetime measurements. The second section covers other topics that are relevant to nuclear spectroscopy, such as photonuclear reactions; nuclear spectroscopy from delayed particle emission; in-beam atomic spectroscopy; effects of extranuclear fields on nuclear radiations; and a guide to nuclear compilations.
This book is written to primarily benefit graduate students who are engaged in research that concerns nuclear spectroscopy.
Today physicists and mathematicians throughout the world are feverishly working on one of the most ambitious theories ever proposed: superstring theory. String theory, as it is often called, is the key to the Unified Field Theory that eluded Einstein for more than thirty years. Finally, the century-old antagonism between the large and the small-General Relativity and Quantum Theory-is resolved. String theory proclaims that all of the wondrous happenings in the universe, from the frantic dancing of subatomic quarks to the majestic swirling of heavenly galaxies, are reflections of one grand physical principle and manifestations of one single entity: microscopically tiny vibrating loops of energy, a billionth of a billionth the size of an atom. In this brilliantly articulated and refreshingly clear book, Greene relates the scientific story and the human struggle behind twentieth-century physics' search for a theory of everything.
Through the masterful use of metaphor and analogy, The Elegant Universe makes some of the most sophisticated concepts ever contemplated viscerally accessible and thoroughly entertaining, bringing us closer than ever to understanding how the universe works.
Organized into three sections, this book first discusses charged particle spectroscopy, which includes resonance reaction, reactions involving light ions, heavy-ion-induced reaction, and specialized reaction. The next section reviews spectroscopy from meson-induced reactions, including muonic and hadronic atoms; radiative capture; and charge exchange, scattering, and direct reactions. The final section discusses neutron spectroscopy, which includes advances in measurement of neutron spectra, charge exchange reactions, and polarization phenomena.
This book is written to primarily benefit graduate students who are engaged in research that concerns nuclear spectroscopy.
Radiation: What could go wrong? In short, plenty. From Marie Curie carrying around a vial of radium salt because she liked the pretty blue glow to the large-scale disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima, dating back to the late nineteenth century, nuclear science has had a rich history of innovative exploration and discovery, coupled with mistakes, accidents, and downright disasters.
In this lively book, long-time advocate of continued nuclear research and nuclear energy James Mahaffey looks at each incident in turn and analyzes what happened and why, often discovering where scientists went wrong when analyzing past meltdowns. Every incident, while taking its toll, has led to new understanding of the mighty atom—and the fascinating frontier of science that still holds both incredible risk and great promise.
This book provides in-depth analysis of several concepts of nuclear spectroscopy, such as models of heavy and light nuclei, approaches in resonance reactions, inelastic scattering, charge exchange, and one- and two-nucleon transfer reactions.
This series is written to primarily benefit graduate students who are engaged in research that concerns nuclear spectroscopy.
"What time is it?" That simple question is probably asked more often in contemporary society than ever before. In our clock-studded world, the answer is never more than a glance away, and so we can blissfully partition our days into ever smaller increments for ever more tightly scheduled tasks. Modern scientific revelations about time, however, make the question endlessly frustrating. If we seek a precise knowledge of the time, the infinitesimal flash of now dissolves into a scattering flock of nanoseconds. Because we are bound by the speed of light and the velocity of nerve impulses, our perception of the "present" reflects the world as it occurred an instant ago – for all that human consciousness pretends otherwise, we can never catch up. Even in principle, perfect synchronicity escapes us. Relativity dictates that, like a strange syrup, time flows slower on moving trains than in the stations and faster in the mountains than in the valleys. The time for our wristwatch is not exactly the same as the time for our head. This eBook, A Question of Time, summarizes what science has discovered about how time permeates and guides both our physical world and our inner selves. That knowledge should enrich the imagination and provide practical advantages to anyone hoping to beat the clock, or at least to stay in step with it. Synchronize your watches...
This unassuming man struggled with issues relevant today, such as the threat of nuclear annihilation and the relationship of science to politics. Fleeing Fascism and anti-Semitism, Fermi became a leading figure in America's most secret project: building the atomic bomb. The last physicist who mastered all branches of the discipline, Fermi was a rare mixture of theorist and experimentalist. His rich legacy encompasses key advances in fields as diverse as comic rays, nuclear technology, and early computers.
In their revealing book, The Pope of Physics, Gino Segré and Bettina Hoerlin bring this scientific visionary to life. An examination of the human dramas that touched Fermi’s life as well as a thrilling history of scientific innovation in the twentieth century, this is the comprehensive biography that Fermi deserves.
In The Radioactive Boy Scout, veteran journalist Ken Silverstein recreates in brilliant detail the months of David’s improbable nuclear quest. Posing as a physics professor, David solicited information on reactor design from the U.S. government and from industry experts. (Ironically, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission was his number one source of information.) Scavenging antiques stores and junkyards for old-fashioned smoke detectors and gas lanterns—both of which contain small amounts of radioactive material—and following blueprints he found in an outdated physics textbook, David cobbled together a crude device that threw off toxic levels of radiation. His unsanctioned and wholly unsupervised project finally sparked an environmental catastrophe that put his town’s forty thousand residents at risk and caused the EPA to shut down his lab and bury it at a radioactive dumpsite in Utah.
An outrageous account of ambition and, ultimately, hubris that sits comfortably on the shelf next to such offbeat science books as Driving Mr. Albert and stories of grand capers like Catch Me If You Can, The Radioactive Boy Scout is a real-life adventure with the narrative energy of a first-rate thriller.
From the Hardcover edition.
In The Theory of Almost Everything, Robert Oerter shows how what were once thought to be separate forces of nature were combined into a single theory by some of the most brilliant minds of the twentieth century. Rich with accessible analogies and lucid prose, The Theory of Almost Everything celebrates a heretofore unsung achievement in human knowledge—and reveals the sublime structure that underlies the world as we know it.
“The amazing story of an unbelievable boy . . . The world that opens up to us through his story is both fascinating and slightly terrifying . . . but in a good way. You won’t be able to walk away from this tale.” — Elizabeth Gilbert, author of Eat, Pray, Love
“Imagine if cartoon whiz kid Jimmy Neutron were real and had a brainchild with MacGyver and his adolescence got told as a rollicking bildungsroman about American prodigies and DIY nuclear reactors—well, that’s this book.” —Jack Hitt, author of Bunch of Amateurs
By the age of nine, Taylor Wilson had mastered the science of rocket propulsion. At eleven, his grandmother’s cancer diagnosis inspired him to investigate new ways to produce medical isotopes. And by fourteen, Wilson had built a 500-million-degree reactor and become the youngest person in history to achieve nuclear fusion. How could someone so young achieve so much, and what can Wilson’s story teach parents and teachers about how to support high-achieving kids?
In The Boy Who Played with Fusion, science journalist Tom Clynes narrates Taylor’s extraordinary journey—from his Arkansas home, to a unique public high school just for academic superstars, to the present, when Wilson is designing devices to prevent terrorists from shipping radioactive material and inspiring a new generation to take on the challenges of science.
“Clynes guides us on an engrossing journey to the outer realms of science and parenting. The Boy Who Played with Fusion is a fascinating exploration of ‘giftedness’ and all its consequences.” —Paul Greenberg, author of Four Fish and American Catch
“An essential contribution to our understanding of the most important underlying questions about the development of giftedness, talent, creativity, and intelligence.” —Psychology Today
Podcast — Building the H Bomb: A Personal History
Hosted by Milt Rosenberg (1590 WCGO), 25 June 2015
Building the H-Bomb: The Big Idea
APS News, June 2015 (Volume 24, Number 6)
Behind the Making of a Super Bomb
The Washington Post, 22 May 2015
Hydrogen Bomb Physicist's Book Runs Afoul of Energy Department
The New York Times, 23 March 2015
In this engaging scientific memoir, Kenneth Ford recounts the time when, in his mid-twenties, he was a member of the team that designed and built the first hydrogen bomb. He worked with — and relaxed with — scientific giants of that time such as Edward Teller, Enrico Fermi, Stan Ulam, John von Neumann, and John Wheeler, and here offers illuminating insights into the personalities, the strengths, and the quirks of these men. Well known for his ability to explain physics to nonspecialists, Ford also brings to life the physics of fission and fusion and provides a brief history of nuclear science from the discovery of radioactivity in 1896 to the ten-megaton explosion of “Mike” that obliterated a Pacific Island in 1952.
Ford worked at both Los Alamos and Princeton's Project Matterhorn, and brings out Matterhorn's major, but previously unheralded contribution to the development of the H bomb. Outside the lab, he drove a battered Chevrolet around New Mexico, a bantam motorcycle across the country, and a British roadster around New Jersey. Part of the charm of Ford's book is the way in which he leavens his well-researched descriptions of the scientific work with brief tales of his life away from weapons.Contents:The Big IdeaThe ProtagonistsThe ChoiceThe Scientists, the Officials, and the PresidentNuclear EnergySome PhysicsGoing WestA New WorldThe Classical SuperCalculating and TestingConstructing MatterhornAcademia CowersNew Mexico, New York, and New JerseyThe Garwin DesignClimbing MatterhornMore Than a Boy
Readership: A memoir for general readership in the history of science.
Key Features:It contains real physics, clearly presented for non-specialistsCombining historical scholarship and his own recollections, the author offers important insights into the people and the work that led to the first H bombPersonal anecdotes enliven the bookKeywords:Nuclear Weapons;Atomic Weapons;H Bomb;Thermonuclear Weapons;Nuclear Physics;Nuclear History;Thermonuclear History;Los Alamos;Edward Teller;Stanislav Ulam;John Wheeler;Project MatterhornReviews:
“It was a great treat to read a book that's well-written, informative, and gets the science right. It is these personal recollections and descriptions; the fact that it is a personal and first-hand account of a unique time in history and a remarkable scientific and technical achievement that made this book so enthralling. This is an engaging account of a young scientist involved in a remarkable project.”P Andrew Karam
The Ohio State University
“Ford's book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the history of the H bomb and its role in the Cold War, and in how that work affected the life and career of an individual involved.”Physics Today
"Personal memories are the book's greatest strength. Ford doesn't glorify, or apologize for, his work on the H-bomb. He simply tells it as it was. As a result, this is an engagingly human glimpse into the world of physics in the US in the early 1950s."Physics World
It starts by introducing, in a completely self-contained way, all mathematical tools needed to use symmetry ideas in physics. Thereafter, these tools are put into action and by using symmetry constraints, the fundamental equations of Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Electromagnetism, and Classical Mechanics are derived.
As a result, the reader is able to understand the basic assumptions behind, and the connections between the modern theories of physics. The book concludes with first applications of the previously derived equations.
Mixing history, science, and biography, Ball’s gripping exploration of the lives of scientists under Nazism offers a powerful portrait of moral choice and personal responsibility, as scientists navigated “the grey zone between complicity and resistance.” Ball’s account of the different choices these three men and their colleagues made shows how there can be no clear-cut answers or judgement of their conduct. Yet, despite these ambiguities, Ball makes it undeniable that the German scientific establishment as a whole mounted no serious resistance to the Nazis, and in many ways acted as a willing instrument of the state.
Serving the Reich considers what this problematic history can tell us about the relationship of science and politics today. Ultimately, Ball argues, a determination to present science as an abstract inquiry into nature that is “above politics” can leave science and scientists dangerously compromised and vulnerable to political manipulation.
Born out of a symposium held to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of Fermi's birth, Fermi Remembered combines essays and newly commissioned reminiscences with private material from Fermi's research notebooks, correspondence, speech outlines, and teaching to document the profound and enduring significance of Fermi's life and labors. The volume also features extensives archival material—including correspondence between Fermi and biophysicist Leo Szilard and a letter from Harry Truman—with new introductions that provide context for both the history of physics and the academic tradition at the University of Chicago.
Edited by James W. Cronin, a University of Chicago physicist and Nobel laureate himself, Fermi Remembered is a tender tribute to one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century.
Geoffrey F. Chew
James W. Cronin
George W. Farwell
Jerome I. Friedman
Richard L. Garwin
Marvin L. Goldberger
Tsung Dao Lee
Marshall N. Rosenbluth
Chen Ning Yang
Readership: Undergraduates and PhDs, as well as anyone in the general public interested in the history of the field.
Keywords:Burnable Poison Control;Nuclear Submarine Reactors;Neutron Pulse Propagation;Fission Reactor Kinetics;Nuclear Pumped Lasers;Direct Electron Beam Pumped Laser;Advanced Lasers;Alpha Particle Effects in Thermonuclear Fusion Devices;Alternate Fusion Concepts;Advanced Fuel Fusion;Direct Energy Conversion;Inertial Confinement Fusion;Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion;Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR);Hydrogen Economy and Fuel Cells;Fusion Propulsion;Space Colonization;Nuclear Batteries;Nuclear Power Plant Safety Board;Illinois Low-level Waste Site;Energy StudiesReviews:
“Miley includes pictures and graphics to set the historical tone and illustrate scientific concepts, both of which add to his colorful narrative. Readers with an interest in the principles or the history of nuclear energy, or of its future in post-Cold War era — will find much to interest them in this book.”(See Full Review)Inside Illinois
Mahaffey unearths lost reactors on far flung Pacific islands and trees that were exposed to active fission that changed gender or bloomed in the dead of winter. He explains why we have nuclear submarines but not nuclear aircraft and why cold fusion doesn't exist. And who knew that radiation counting was once a fashionable trend? Though parts of the nuclear history might seem like a fiction mash-up, where cowboys somehow got a hold of a reactor, Mahaffey's vivid prose holds the reader in thrall of the infectious energy of scientific curiosity and ingenuity that may one day hold the key to solving our energy crisis or sending us to Mars.
College and university courses can be developed around this book and it can be used alone or in conjunction with other material. Even college physics majors would enjoy reading this book as an introduction to particle physics. High-school, and even middle-school, teachers could also use this book to introduce this material to their students. It will also be beneficial for high-school teachers who have not been formally exposed to high-energy physics, have forgotten what they once knew, or are no longer up to date with recent developments.
* Includes chapters on practical examples and problems
* Contains hints to solving problems which are included in the appendix
* Avoids complex and extensive mathematical treatments
* A modern approach to nuclear physics, covering the basic theory, but emphasising the many and important applications
It provides an introduction to both plasma physics and fusion technology at a level that can be understood by advanced undergraduates and graduate students in the physical sciences and related engineering disciplines.
As such, the contents cover various plasma confinement concepts, the support technologies needed to confine the plasma, and the designs of ITER as well as future fusion reactors.
With end of chapter problems for use in courses.
“Close is a lucid, reliable, and enthusiastic guide to the strange and wonderful microcosmic world that dwells deep within reality”
— Frank Wilczek, Herman Feshbach Professor of Physics, MIT, 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics
NEW Material Explains the principles behind the Hadron Collider as well as the potential it presents Considers the recent development of the Electroweak Theory as a law of nature Explores the mysteries uncovered and the ones that may be in store with regard to top and bottom quarks
Keeping still-pertinent contents from the original volume that caught the world’s attention in 1983, this fresh edition of the Cosmic Onion includes extensive new material to reflect new views of the universe. Providing explanations that explore the foundations of 21st Century science and future directions, this work offers ready access and unique perspectives to more typical topics such as the forces of nature, atoms, the nucleus, and nuclear particles.
It also travels down paths that only a true pioneer and educator can venture, such as a discussion of what Professor Close refers to as the Eightfold Way including the findings, surprises, and new questions emerging from the latest work with accelerators.
Contents:The Joys of Big Data For HistoriansThe DH MomentText Mining Tools: Techniques and VisualizationsTopic Modeling: A Hands-On Adventure in Big DataMaking Your Data Legible: A Basic Introduction to VisualizationsNetwork AnalysisNetworks in Practice
Readership: General public interested in state-of-the-art scientific research, especially in particle colliders and CERN.
Keywords:Large Hadron Collider;LHC;CERN;Particle PhysicsKey Features:Author is an active member of ATLASAuthor has 20 years of experience in explaining to visitors at CERN and giving public talksIt shows the human side of working on LHC experiments
This book focuses on phonons and electrons, which the student needs to learn first in solid state physics. The required quantum theory and statistical physics are derived from scratch. Systematic in structure and tutorial in style, the treatment is filled with detailed mathematical steps and physical interpretations. This approach ensures a self-sufficient content for easier teaching and learning. The objective is to introduce the concepts of phonons and electrons in a more rigorous and yet clearer way, so that the student does not need to relearn them in more advanced courses. Examples are the transition from lattice vibrations to phonons and from free electrons to energy bands.
The book can be used as the beginning module of a one-year introductory course on solid state physics, and the instructor will have a chance to choose additional topics. Alternatively, it can be taught as a stand-alone text for building the most-needed foundation in just one semester.
Contents:Crystal StructureReciprocal Lattice and X-Ray DiffractionLattice Vibrations and PhononsThermal Properties of InsulatorsFree Electron Fermi GasElectron Energy Bands
Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science and electronic devices.
Keywords:Crystal Symmetries;Lattice Vibrations;Phonons;Free Electrons;X-Ray DiffractionReviews:“The book is focused, rigorous, and self sufficient. It is filled with meticulous details. I am pleased to see that many questions the students may have when learning these subjects are answered in this book … I strongly recommend it to both the teacher and students.”J J Chang
Professor of Physics
Wayne State University
“The presentation is done well and the author has an easy-to-read style that is almost chatty … Overall, I think that the author has succeeded in providing a book for a niche where the beginning student of solid-state physics wants a self-contained book without having to go to another textbook.”MRS Bulletin
* Contains recent UV applications not previously available in book form such as ozone, auroral images, and ionospheric sensing
* Features broad coverage of fundamentals of atmospheric geophysics with values for fluxes, cross-sections, and radiances
* Covers techniques that illustrate principles of measurements with typical values
* Contains numerous references to original literature
Contents:Introduction to GroupsRepresentation of GroupsLie AlgebrasRelationship between Lie Algebras and Lie GroupsIrreducible Tensor Representations and Young TableauClifford AlgebraLorentz Group and the Dirac EquationYang–Mills Gauge TheoryQuark Model and SUF(3) SymmetryCasimir Invariants and Adjoint OperatorsRoot System of Lie Algebras
Readership: Graduate students, researchers and anyone else with a background in quantum mechanics.
Key Features:Many worked examples are included to explain the essential abstract ideas, with derivations of various results given in detailMany new features can be also found including a simple introduction to Cartan–Dynkin theory higher order Casimir invariants as well as exceptional groupsKeywords:Lie Groups;Lie Algebras;YangâMills Gauge Theory;Lorentz Group;Clifford Algebra;Dirac Equation
This book deals with the theory and experiment of the elementary process of bremsstrahlung, where photons are detected in coincidence with decelerated outgoing electrons. Such experiments allow for a more stringent check of the theoretical work. The main emphasis is laid on electron–atom bremsstrahlung and electron–electron bremsstrahlung, but further bremsstrahlung processes are also dealt with. In the theoretical parts, triply differential cross sections are derived in various approximations, including electron spin and photon-polarization. In the experimental sections, electron–photon coincidence experiments are discussed. These are done partly with transversely polarized electron beams and partly with detectors for the bremsstrahlung linear polarization.
Contents:Classical and Semiclassical Considerations on the Bremsstrahlung ProcessTheory of the Elementary Process of Electron–Nucleus BremsstrahlungExperiments on the Elementary Process of Electron–Nucleus BremsstrahlungTheory of the Elementary Process of Electron–Electron BremsstrahlungExperiments on the Elementary Process of Electron–Electron BremsstrahlungSome Remarks on Integrated Cross Sections and Further Bremsstrahlung ProcessesAppendices:ProblemsSquared Matrix Element of Electron–Electron Bremsstrahlung
Readership: Graduate students and researchers in atomic and nuclear physics.
Keywords:Bremsstrahlung;Electron Bremsstrahlung;Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung;Electron-Photon Correlations;Triply Differential Cross Section;Electron-Atom Collisions;Spin Asymmetry;Photon PolarizationReviews:“An excellent introductory first chapter includes a short history of our knowledge of this process, going back to Röntgen's 1895 discovery of X-rays … this book, written by a pair of well-known researchers with special expertise in this topic, will be welcomed as an important resource reference by graduate students and researchers in atomic and nculear physics.”Radiation Physics and Chemistry
Throughout the text the emphasis is on clarity, rather than formality, the various derivations are explained in detail and, wherever possible, the physical interpretations are emphasized. The mathematical treatment is set out in great detail, carrying out the steps which are usually left to the reader. The problems form an integral part of the text and most of them were designed in such a way as to provide a guideline, stating intermediate steps with answers.
Contents: Theory:The Classical Yang–Mills ActionThe Perturbative Approach at Zero TemperatureAspects of Finite-Temperature Field TheorySelfdual Field ConfigurationsThe Deconfining PhaseThe Preconfining PhaseThe Confining PhaseApplications:The Approach of Thermal Lattice Gauge TheoryBlack-Body AnomalyAstrophysical and Cosmological Implications of SU(2)CMB
Readership: Advanced students, postdocs and researchers in theoretical physics and mathematics, as well as experimentalists.
The conference celebrated the exceptional achievements using Yang–Mills theory over the years but also many other truly remarkable contributions to different branches of physics from Prof C N Yang. This volume collects the invaluable talks by Prof C N Yang and the invited speakers reviewing these remarkable contributions and their importance for the future of physics.Contents:The Future of Physics — Revisited (C N Yang)Quantum Chromodynamics — The Perfect Yang–Mills Gauge Field Theory (David Gross)Maximally Supersymmetric Yang–Mills Theory: The Story of N = 4 Yang–Mills Theory (Lars Brink)The Lattice and Quantized Yang–Mills Theory (Michael Creutz)Yang–Mills Theories at High Energy Accelerators (George Sterman)Yang–Mills Theory at 60: Milestones, Landmarks and Interesting Questions (Ling-Lie Chau)Discovery of the First Yang–Mills Gauge Particle — The Gluon (Sau Lan Wu)Yang–Mills Gauge Theory and Higgs Particle (Tai Tsun Wu & Sau Lan Wu)Scenario for the Renormalization in the 4D Yang–Mills Theory (L D Faddeev)Statistical Physics in the Oeuvre of Chen Ning Yang (Michael E Fisher)Quantum Vorticity in Nature (Kerson Huang)Yang–Mills Theory and Fermionic Path Integrals (Kazuo Fujikawa)Yang–Mills Gauge Theory and the Higgs Boson Family (Ngee-Pong Chang)On the Physics of the Minimal Length: The Questions of Gauge Invariance (Lay Nam Chang, Djordje Minic, Ahmed Roman, Chen Sun & Tatsu Takeuchi)Generalization of the Yang–Mills Theory (G Savvidy)Some Thoughts about Yang–Mills Theory (A Zee)Gauging Quantum Groups: Yang–Baxter Joining Yang–Mills (Yong-Shi Wu)The Framed Standard Model (I) — A Physics Case for Framing the Yang–Mills Theory? (Chan Hong-Mo & Tsou Sheung Tsun)The Framed Standard Model (II) — A First Test Against Experiment (Chan Hong-Mo & Tsou Sheung Tsun)On the Study of the Higgs Properties at a Muon Collider (Mario Greco)Aharonov–Bohm Types of Phases in Maxwell and Yang–Mills Field Theories (Bruce H J McKellar)Yang–Mills for Historians and Philosophers (R P Crease)Gauge Concepts in Theoretical Applied Physics (Seng Ghee Tan & Mansoor B A Jalil)Yang–Yang Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics: A Brilliant Method (Xi-Wen Guan & Yang-Yang Chen)Chern–Simons Theory, Vassiliev Invariants, Loop Quantum Gravity and Functional Integration Without Integration (Louis H Kauffman)The Scattering Equations and Their Off-Shell Extension (York-Peng Yao)Feynman Geometries (Sen Hu & Andrey Losev)Particle Accelerator Development: Selected Examples (Jie Wei)A New Storage-Ring Light Source (Alex Chao)New Contributions to Physics by Prof C N Yang: 2009–2011 (Zhong-Qi Ma)Brief Overview of C N Yang's 13 Important Contributions to Physics (Yu Shi)
Readership: Graduate students and scientists working in high energy physics, statistical physics and condensed matter physics.
Written by an award-winning former director-general of CERN and one of the world’s leading experts on particle physics, Electroweak Interactions explores the concepts that led to unification of the weak and electromagnetic interactions. It provides the fundamental elements of the theory of compact Lie groups and their representations, enabling a basic understanding of the role of flavor symmetry in particle physics.
Understand Conceptual Elements of the Theory of Elementary Particles
The book begins with the identification of the weak hadronic current with the isotopic spin current, Yang–Mills theory, and the first electroweak theory of Glashow. It discusses spontaneous breaking of a global symmetry and a local symmetry, covering the Goldstone theorem, Brout–Englert–Higgs mechanism, and the theory of Weinberg and Salam. The author then describes the theory of quarks, quark mixing, the Cabibbo angle, the Glashow–Iliopoulos–Maiani (GIM) mechanism, the theory of Kobayashi and Maskawa, six quark flavors, and CP violation.
Delve into Experimental Tests and Unresolved Problems
The author goes on to explore some phenomenological topics, such as neutral current interactions of neutrinos and CP violation in the neutral K-meson system. He also highlights how flavor-changing neutral current processes have emerged as probes to reveal the presence of new phenomena at energies not yet accessible with particle accelerators. The book concludes with an explanation of the expected properties of the Higgs boson and the methods adopted for its search. The predictions are also compared with relevant experimental results.
View the author’s first book in this collection: Relativistic Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction to Relativistic Quantum Fields.
Readership: Graduate students and professionals in particle physics or mathematical physics.
Key Features:Presents an argument that gravitation is compatible with quantum physicsThe gauge group of the standard model is obtained from the geometry of space-timeMagnetic monopoles are joined to this new frameKeywords:Natural Logic;Logical Expressive Power (Of Natural Language);Boolean Structure;Generalized Quantifiers and Anaphora;Formal Semantics;Entailment Paradigms in Natural Language
The new concepts of dynamical systems developed in the last twenty years give the theoretical setting to analyse the stability of particle beams in accelerator. In this book a common language to both accelerator physics and dynamical systems is integrated and developed, aiming to eliminate the difficulties faced by accelerator physicists, engineers and applied mathematicians when they try to join efforts in the attempt to control the nonlinearities disturbing particle beams.
Contents:Introduction to Accelerator PhysicsEquations of MotionIntroduction to the Qualitative Theory of Nonlinear Differential EquationsDynamics and Stability of Guiding and Focusing. Linear Optics of SynchrotronsNonlinear Motion in the Transverse Plane: SextupolesThe Beam-Beam Interaction
Readership: Accelerator physicists, engineers and users of accelerator facilities.
keywords:Synchrotron Accelerators;Design of Accelerators;Computer Assisted Design;Stability of Orbits;Dynamic Aperture;Transverse Motion;Longitudinal Motion;Beam-Beam Interaction;Sextupolar Effects;Non-Linear Effects
The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning.
Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.