This compilation is organized into three parts. Part I begins with an introduction to the defense mechanism of immunoglobulins, followed by a description of enzymes and proteins, such as lactoperoxidase and lactoferrin. The secretions that include CSF, colostrum, milk, female and male genital secretions, saliva, gastrointestinal juice, nasal and bronchoalveolar secretions, tears and synovial fluid are also elaborated. The tumor markers, which include ferritin, CEA, and TPA are dealt with in Part II. The immunotoxins, tumor imaging, and lymphoid malignancies are also covered. Part III is devoted to the advances in the separation of protides, including the staining procedure for protein detection, two-dimensional electrophoresis, and HPLC and affinity chromatography.
This book is valuable to biology students and clinicians of disciplines related to advances in the protein field.
The selection first offers information on H-Y and sex determination and aspects of the difficulties to purify membrane proteins. Topics include solubilization by acylation, influence of supporting media on the aggregation of proteins, solubilization with detergents and organic solvents, and membrane proteins - giant detergent molecules. The text then examines the application of group-specific reagents for hydrophobic labeling and crosslinking of membrane proteins and comparison of secreted and membrane-bound human immunoglobulins M and D.
The publication tackles sialoglycoproteins (glycophorins) in the plasma membranes of different cells and their receptor functions and the structures and antigenic properties of human erythrocyte membrane sialoglycoproteins. Discussions focus on the primary structure of human erythrocyte glycophorins, molecular structure of the MN bloodgroup substance, and genetic variants of glycophorin A. The book also takes a look at the glycoproteins of the human syncytiotrophoblastic plasma membrane and structure and function of a membrane glycoprotein encoded in the adenovirus genome.
The selection is a valuable reference for readers interested in membrane proteins, receptor ligand interactions, and monoclonal antibodies.
This book is comprised of 195 chapters and begins with an overview of the strategy and monitoring of protein fractionation, followed by a discussion on the self-nonself concept of cancer and ""autoimmune"" diseases; presence of trophoblast antigens on the membranes of some human tumor and transformed cells; and non-specific cross-reacting antigens in human blood monocytes. Subsequent chapters explore the metabolism of carcinoembryonic antigen and alpha-fetoprotein during delivery; amino acid sequence identity of tissue polypeptide antigen fragments from different sources; isoferritins, glycoproteins, and viral antigens; and crossed immunoelectrophoresis of yeast plasma membrane lectin receptors. The final section is devoted to separation techniques such as isotachophoresis, chromatography, electrophoresis, and isoelectric focusing.
This monograph will be of value to biologists and researchers interested in protides of the biological fluids.
The first chapters deal with flow cytometric characterization of tumor associated changes in gynecologic malignancies; steady state rheolectrolysis; and electrophoretic approaches applicable to cell separation. The succeeding chapters consider the chromosome separation by velocity sedimentation at unit gravity and the separation of human lymphocytes based on volume and density. Other chapters describe the analysis of the gradient former for zonal rotors and the centrifugal elutriation of living cells. The last chapters are devoted to the human platelet isolation from whole blood on metrizamide gradients.
The book can provide useful information to biochemists, cytologists, students, and researchers.
This book is comprised of 95 chapters and begins with an assessment of the relationships and functions of the apoprotein and lipid moieties of lipoproteins, followed by a discussion on the characteristics and structure of the alpha-fetoproteins. The protein patterns in the post-natal period, as well as specific patterns encountered during development of the various organs, are then considered. Subsequent chapters explore the recurrence of various fetoproteins in hepatoma and in tumors of the digestive system; protein-protein interactions occurring during association or aggregation of some proteins such as myosin, fibrin, and casein; and preparation of insolubilized enzymes, together with the isolation and purification of antibodies. The final section is devoted to immunological studies and methods such as thin-layer ultracentrifugation.
This monograph will be a useful resource for biologists and chemists alike.
The text first deals with the connective tissue proteins, along with the anabolic and catabolic enzymes of connective tissues. Next, the selection details the isolation and purification of various proteins, their metabolism, and function. The text also talks about the genetic defects and polymorphism of human plasma proteins, which includes the abnormalities of specific proteins. The last section covers the utilization of isotachophoresis as an analytical tool for the detection and characterization of amino acids, low-weight metabolites, and proteins.
The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of biological science.
The book is divided into four sections. Section A covers monoclonal immunoglobulins and its properties and structure; the amyloid substance; and antibody function. Section B covers active polypeptides derived from plasma proteins; the kinin system; the angiotensin and renin system; anaphylatoxins; and protease inhibitors. Section C covers microcalorimetry in biological systems; biological system and its relation with thermodynamics; and the application of microcalorimetry to biological systems. The book also includes a Section D, which does not consider any of the selected topics, but instead focuses on other techniques such as the double line method; radioimmunoassay of alpha-fetoprotein; and the IgM latex test.
The text is recommended for students and reseearchers in the fields of biology, biochemistry, and other related fields, especially those who wish to learn more about monoclonal immunoglobulins, fibrinopeptides, and the effect of microcalorimetry in biological systems.
The main section of this book contains 60 papers discussing the composition, structure, synthesis, genetics, and function of lipoproteins. Another section is devoted to dielectric relaxation, fluorescence depolarization and determination of protein structure. The final section discusses protein catabolism and the applications of immunoelectrophoresis to protein quantitation.
Students and scientists looking for an extensive reference on protein chemistry will find this book invaluable.
This text is organized into three sections encompassing 160 chapters. The first section highlights the mechanisms of the normal and abnormal mental function through evaluation of neuroproteins or the so-called “think-proteins . This section describes the manifestations, clinical features, diagnosis, and therapeutic options of nervous system diseases. The second section tackles monoclonal proteins as a reagent to detect antigens. This section deals with the significant progress in cancer therapy and the binding of cytotoxic drugs to monoclonal antibodies. The third section considers the potential of isodalt electrophoresis and high-pressure liquid chromatography, with particular emphasis on their application to protein analysis in biological fluids.
This book will be of great value to biochemists, clinical chemists, and clinicians.
In studying the evolution of proteins, this text looks into the evolutionary studies of immunoglobulin protein and nucleic acid sequences, fibrinogen, proteases, and other proteins. This book then explains molecular biology of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis by explaining the Hageman factor, kallikrein–kinin system, human high molecular weight, and other biological processes involved. The hybridomas and monoclonal antibodies are also tackled by specifically discussing the production of monoclonal antibodies; monoclonal antibody conformation; and monoclonal antibodies against molecules.
This publication will be invaluable to students, practitioners, and researchers in the field of biology and physiology who are interested in studying protides.
This text has 115 chapters and begins by demonstrating the existence of gene families common to several vertebrates and which evolved by intragenic duplication. The chapters that follow focus on the use of DNA probes in the analysis of inherited disorders such as thalassemia and hemophilia. The reader is then introduced to receptors, especially for peptides. Receptors on circulating cells, hormone receptors, receptors involved in cancer, and immunoglobulin receptors are explored. The section on the conformation and function of biologically active peptides considers the methods including spectroscopic methods, crystallography, and theoretical conformational analysis. In particular, the use of synchrotron X-radiation in biological crystallography and of 2D NMR spectroscopy in the identification of folded structures in immunogenic peptides is highlighted.
This book will be of value to biologists and biochemists.
This work is composed of three sections encompassing 245 chapters. The first section describes first the structure, physiological function, and physiopathology of metal binding proteins. This section also considers the metal binding mechanism and a series of iron binding and copper binding proteins, as well as hemopexin proteins. The second section is concerned with the physiopathology, screening, monitoring, tumor localization, and biomarkers of tumor. This section also explores the field of immunohistochemistry of biomarkers for tumor monitoring. The third section discusses drug targeting, immunohistochemistry, the identification of lymphocytes and other antigens. Considerable chapters are devoted to clinical assays of monoclonal antibodies.
This book will prove useful to oncologists, protein scientists, clinicians, and researchers.
Comprised of 117 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of carcinofetal proteins, followed by an analysis of proteinase inhibition. The reader is then introduced to the mechanism and structure of human alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor; some properties of a complex between ?2-macroglobulin and brinase; and the interaction of proteinase inhibitors with blastocyst proteinases involved in implantation. Subsequent chapters deal with the thermodynamics and kinetics of the interaction of trypsin with trypsin inhibitors; purification and characterization of acid-stable proteinase inhibitors from human seminal plasma; and the possible role of protease inhibitors in cartilage metabolism. The book also explores the structure and function of animal proteinase inhibitors as well as techniques and methods used in clinical evaluation of plasma protein patterns.
This monograph will be of interest to biologists and research workers in biology.
This book is organized into three sections, namely, Immune Complexes, Cytoskeletal Proteins, and Techniques. The Immune Complexes section states the biochemical problems and answers some intriguing clinical problems in this field. This section details the theory of the antigen/antibody reaction, the isolation of complexes, and the nature of the antigen. The Cytoskeletal Proteins section discusses the theoretical aspect of cell structure. The last section describes the assay methods and individual protein assays.
The book is organized into three sections according to the topics of the Colloquium. Section A, Membrane, discusses all aspects of membrane proteins including their isolation and solubilization, the nature of their lipid-protein interaction and the physical probes used for their characterization. Section B, Urinary Proteins, centers on proteinuria, electrophoretic and immunoelectrophoretic methods enabling characterization of renal disease, and properties of specific urinary proteins and enzymes. The last section describes two immunological methods for protein quantitation.
The selection first takes a look at the structure and metabolism of plasma lipoproteins, including phosphatidylinositol exchange protein from bovine brain; structural integrity of the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide carrier; and reassembly of the monosaccharide transport system of the human erythrocyte in black lipid membranes. The book then discusses species and dietary effects on lipoprotein apoprotein metabolism in vivo; transfer of surface and core lipids of a lipoprotein from plasma into aortic wall; and pathophysiological implications of hyperlipoproteinemia.
The text focuses on lipoproteins of human peripheral lymph, portacaval shunt and lipid metabolism, and low density lipoprotein catabolism in the liver. The methods and results of experiments are presented. The book also discusses the effects of dietary cholesterol on serum lipoprotein in human; long-term effects of physical training on blood lipids and lipoproteins in primary hyperlipoproteinemia; and effects of clofibrate on plasma proteins in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia.
The selection is a vital source of data for readers wanting to study the protides of biological fluids.
This book is divided into three sections. Section A discusses the genetics of the antibody response, focusing on the evolutionary aspects and genetics of differentiation centered on the problems of immunoglobulin structure and deficiencies. The molecular variation occurring in the amino acid sequence of various proteins, its ways of detection and its physiological significance, is presented in Section B. Some of the proteins considered include hemoglobin, fibrinogen, complement, and lipoproteins. Section C is devoted to the developments in theoretical and instrumental aspects of electrofocusing, considering the ampholyte structure and function and techniques, such as gel electrofocusing and preparative column electrofocusing.
This compilation is beneficial to researchers and specialists concerned with protides of the biological fluids.
This book is divided into three sections. Section A focuses on the plasma protein genes that includes the location of genes on the chromosome, pathology and variance of several genes, and gene expression. The proteins of the nucleus and detection of antibodies, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), to nuclear constituents are deliberated in Section B. Section C is devoted to the technical advances in the field of protein chemistry.
This book is a good reference for students, researchers, and medical practitioners conducting work on the protides of biological fluids.
Organized into three sections, this book begins with an overview of the intramolecular cross-linked synthetic polypeptides that can be used as models for the organized spatial structure of proteins. This text then examines the polarization of fluorescence methods, which provide very sensitive hydrodynamic techniques for studying the internal organization and the rigidity of the polypeptide. Other sections consider the excretion of different classes of immunoglobulins in the external secretions of dogs. This book discusses as well the anti-coli antibody and the poliovirus neutralizing antibody activity of achlorhydric gastric juices. The final section deals with the introduction of gels as a medium for the electrophoresis of proteins.
This book is a valuable resource for chemists, biochemists, and geneticists.