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Contents:Numerical Solutions for a Multiparticle, Time-Dependent Schroedinger Equation (A M Mazzone)Weak Chaos: Power-Law Sensitivity to Initial Conditions and Nonextensive Thermostatistics (M L Lyra)Monte Carlo Simulations of Interfaces in Polymer Blends (M Müller & F Schmid)The Generalized-Ensemble Approach for Protein Folding Simulations (U H E Hansmann & Y Okamoto)Immune Responses: Getting Close to Experimental Results with Cellular Automata Models (R M Zorzenon dos Santos)New Trends in Pseudo-Random Number Generation (F Gutbrod)Quantum Computation (D Aharonov)

Readership: Physicists, biologists and computer scientists.

Keywords:Quantum Computation;Polymer Interfaces;Protein Folding;Chaos

* Interdisciplinary coverage

* Research oriented

* Contains and explains programs

* Based on recent discoveries

* Little special knowledge required besides programming

* Suitable for undergraduate and graduate research projects

The present volume emphasizes simulations of specific materials (polymers, water, and amphiphilic systems), and then discusses surfaces, percolation, and critical slowing-down. Also emphasized is complex optimization, such as spin glasses, simulated annealing, and the graph colouring problem.

Contents:Preface (D Stauffer)Spinodal Decomposition in Polymer Blends (S C Glotzer)Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Water (F Sciortino et al.)Structure, Topology and Phase Behaviour of Amphiphilic Systems (G Gompper & J Goos)Nonequilibrium Surfaces (L-H Tang)Progress in Percolation Theory and Its Applications (M Sahimi)The Microscopic Representation of Complex Macroscopic Phenomena: Critical Slowing Down — A Blessing in Disguise (S Solomon)Monte Carlo Studies of Ising Spin Glasses and Random Field Systems (H Rieger)Optimization by Simulated Annealing: Recent Progress (D A Stariolo & C Tsallis)Applications of Statistical Mechanics to Combinatorial Search Problems (T Hogg)

Readership: Computational physicists and theoretical physicists.

keywords:Polymers;Complex Fluids;Spin Glasses;Optimization

Readership: Researchers in computational physics.

Keywords:Teaching;Interatomic Potentials;Sociophysics;Advances Monte CarloReviews:“… the authors' comments are clearly based on experience of teaching the subject over many years and as such may well be of use to anyone planning such a course for the first time.”Contemporary Physics

Biologically motivated simulations, glasses, world-record molecular dynamics, deposition on surfaces, and hydrodynamics are discussed in this volume which ends with an explanation of elementary particle physics (QCD) and their phase transitions.

Contents:Preface (D Stauffer)Computer Simulations of Supercooled Liquids and Structural Glasses (W Kob)Evolution Motivated Computer Models (N Vandewalle & M Ausloos)A Survey of Genetic Algorithms (M Tomassini)Parallel Algorithms for Short-Range Molecular Dynamics (D M Beazley et al.)Dynamics of Nonequilibrium Deposition with Diffusional Relaxation (V Privman)Recent Advances in Lattice Boltzmann Computing (Y H Qian et al.)Condensed Matter Physics at One Tera-Kelvin (J Potvin)

Readership: Computational physicists, condensed matter physicists, high energy physicists and theoretical biologists.

keywords:Glasses;Evolution;Molecular Dynamics;Lattice Boltzmann Equation

“This book contains 7 reviews on Computational Physics and Computer Science. Though each review hardly relates to others, all the reviews are very well written and carefully designed to draw interest of all researchers of related study.”

Bulletin of Japan Physical SocietyThe first volume, written by authors from four continents, emphasizes statistical physics. For example, Ising problems are reviewed where theoretical approaches led to contradictory approaches and only quality computing answered who is right. In addition, fields as diverse as neural networks, granular materials, and computer algebra are reviewed.

The next volume on percolation and other fields is already in preparation.

Contents:Computational Aspects of Damage Spreading (N Jan & L de Arcangelis)Monte Carlo Simulations of Dilute Ising Models (W Selke et al.)Interfacial Dynamics in Disordered Magnets: Relaxation, Critical Dynamics, and Domain Growth (D Chowdhury & B Biswal)Ising System in Oscillating Field: Hysteretic Response (M Acharyya & B K Chakrabarti)Recent Results on the Decay of Metastable Phases (P A Rikvold & B M Gorman)Multineuron Interaction Effects (R M C de Almeida et al.)Random and Self-Avoiding Walks in Disordered Media (H Nakanishi)Granular Dynamics: A Review About Recent Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Granular Materials (G H Ristow)Symbolic–Numeric Interfaces (M C Dewar)

Readership: Computational physicists, theoretical physicists and statistical physicists.

keywords:Nucleation;Interface;Damage Spreading;Neural Nets

Readership: Researchers in computational physics.

Keywords:Scaling;Disordered Systems;Porous Media;Films;Casimir EffectReviews:“The accessibility of the articles makes them also useful for gaining a broader overview over the subject or for understanding connections between different fields. The most basic articles contain enough information to be interesting even for an expert in a neighbouring field of research.”Contemporary Physics

Contents:Preface (D Stauffer)Simulations of Magnetic Fluids (M J P Nijmeijer & J J Weis)Critical Phenomena in Simple and Complex Fluids (N B Wilding)Quantum Monte Carlo on a Lattice: The World Line Algorithm (G G Batrouni)Computer Simulation of Quantum Phenomena in Nanoscale Devices (H De Raedt)Tight-Binding Molecular Dynamics (L Colombo)Adsorption–Desorption Processes and Related Quantum Spin Models (M D Grynberg)Series Expansions versus Simulations (J Adler)High Speed Algorithms and Simulations of the Critical Dynamics of the Ising Model (H-O Heuer)Larson models of Amphiphiles in Complex Fluids (T B Liverpool)Monte Carlo Simulations of Biological Ageing (A T Bernardes)

Readership: Scientists and researchers in computational physics and condensed matter physics.

keywords:Quantum Phenomena;Biological Aging;Amphiphiles;Series Expansions

Readership: Researchers and scientists in computational physics.

Keywords:Creutz Algorithm;Car Traffic;Evolution;Urban Geography;Concrete

Contents:Fire Spread in Natural Fuel: Computational Aspects (J A M S Duarte)Direct Numerical Simulation — A Tool to Study Turbulent Reacting Flows (M Baum)Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (J Moscinski et al.)Quantum Simulations in Materials Science: Molecular Monolayers and Crystals (P Nielaba)Criticality in the Integer Quantum Hall Effect (A Hansen et al.)Evolving Uniform and Non-Uniform Cellular Automata Networks (M Sipper)Modeling and Immune System: Architecture and Dynamics of Idiotypic Networks (K Lippert & U Behn)

Readership: Students, researchers and scientists in computational physics, condensed matter physics, theoretical biology and engineering.

keywords:Forest Fires;Fluid Dynamics;Immunology;Quantum Hall Effect

In Love and Math, renowned mathematician Edward Frenkel reveals a side of math we’ve never seen, suffused with all the beauty and elegance of a work of art. In this heartfelt and passionate book, Frenkel shows that mathematics, far from occupying a specialist niche, goes to the heart of all matter, uniting us across cultures, time, and space.

Love and Math tells two intertwined stories: of the wonders of mathematics and of one young man’s journey learning and living it. Having braved a discriminatory educational system to become one of the twenty-first century’s leading mathematicians, Frenkel now works on one of the biggest ideas to come out of math in the last 50 years: the Langlands Program. Considered by many to be a Grand Unified Theory of mathematics, the Langlands Program enables researchers to translate findings from one field to another so that they can solve problems, such as Fermat’s last theorem, that had seemed intractable before.

At its core, Love and Math is a story about accessing a new way of thinking, which can enrich our lives and empower us to better understand the world and our place in it. It is an invitation to discover the magic hidden universe of mathematics.

Physicist Dave Goldberg speeds across space, time and everything in between showing that our elegant universe—from the Higgs boson to antimatter to the most massive group of galaxies—is shaped by hidden symmetries that have driven all our recent discoveries about the universe and all the ones to come.

Why is the sky dark at night? If there is anti-matter, can there be anti-people? Why are past, present, and future our only options? Saluting the brilliant but unsung female mathematician Emmy Noether as well as other giants of physics, Goldberg answers these questions and more, exuberantly demonstrating that symmetry is the big idea—and the key to what lies ahead.

From the Trade Paperback edition.

The crisis was partly a failure of mathematical modeling. But even more, it was a failure of some very sophisticated financial institutions to think like physicists. Models—whether in science or finance—have limitations; they break down under certain conditions. And in 2008, sophisticated models fell into the hands of people who didn’t understand their purpose, and didn’t care. It was a catastrophic misuse of science.

The solution, however, is not to give up on models; it's to make them better. Weatherall reveals the people and ideas on the cusp of a new era in finance. We see a geophysicist use a model designed for earthquakes to predict a massive stock market crash. We discover a physicist-run hedge fund that earned 2,478.6% over the course of the 1990s. And we see how an obscure idea from quantum theory might soon be used to create a far more accurate Consumer Price Index.

Both persuasive and accessible, The Physics of Wall Street is riveting history that will change how we think about our economic future.

"Such a richness of topics and amazing splendor of illustrations!" — Mathematics Magazine

"An inviting exposition for a literate but not highly scientific audience." — American Mathematical Monthly

This fascinating book explores the connections between chaos theory, physics, biology, and mathematics. Its award-winning computer graphics, optical illusions, and games illustrate the concept of self-similarity, a typical property of fractals. Author Manfred Schroeder — hailed by Publishers Weekly as a modern Lewis Carroll — conveys memorable insights in the form of puns and puzzles that relate abstract mathematics to everyday experience.

Excellent entertainment for readers with a grasp of algebra and some calculus, this book forms a fine university-level introduction to fractal math. Eight pages of color images clarify the text, along with numerous black-and-white illustrations.

A comprehensive and comprehensible introduction to the subject, this book is ideal for undergraduates in computer science, physicists, communications engineers, workers involved in artificial intelligence, biologists, psychologists, and physiologists.

In a series of brief and largely self-contained chapters, Nahin discusses a wide range of topics in which math and physics are mutually dependent and mutually illuminating, from Newtonian gravity and Newton's laws of mechanics to ballistics, air drag, and electricity. The mathematical subjects range from algebra, trigonometry, geometry, and calculus to differential equations, Fourier series, and theoretical and Monte Carlo probability. Each chapter includes problems--some three dozen in all--that challenge readers to try their hand at applying what they have learned. Just as in his other books of mathematical puzzles, Nahin discusses the historical background of each problem, gives many examples, includes MATLAB codes, and provides complete and detailed solutions at the end.

Mrs. Perkins's Electric Quilt will appeal to students interested in new math and physics applications, teachers looking for unusual examples to use in class--and anyone who enjoys popular math books.

The focus throughout is rooted in the mathematical fundamentals, but the text also investigates a number of interesting applications, including a section on computer graphics, a chapter on numerical methods, and many exercises and examples using MATLAB. Meanwhile, many visuals and problems (a complete solutions manual is available to instructors) are included to enhance and reinforce understanding throughout the book.

Brief yet precise and rigorous, this work is an ideal choice for a one-semester course in linear algebra targeted primarily at math or physics majors. It is a valuable tool for any professor who teaches the subject.

It starts by introducing, in a completely self-contained way, all mathematical tools needed to use symmetry ideas in physics. Thereafter, these tools are put into action and by using symmetry constraints, the fundamental equations of Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Electromagnetism, and Classical Mechanics are derived.

As a result, the reader is able to understand the basic assumptions behind, and the connections between the modern theories of physics. The book concludes with first applications of the previously derived equations.

- Real analysis, Complex analysis, Functional analysis, Lebesgue integration theory, Fourier analysis, Laplace analysis, Wavelet analysis, Differential equations, and Tensor analysis.

This book is essentially self-contained, and assumes only standard undergraduate preparation such as elementary calculus and linear algebra. It is thus well suited for graduate students in physics and engineering who are interested in theoretical backgrounds of their own fields. Further, it will also be useful for mathematics students who want to understand how certain abstract concepts in mathematics are applied in a practical situation. The readers will not only acquire basic knowledge toward higher-level mathematics, but also imbibe mathematical skills necessary for contemporary studies of their own fields.

Volume III concentrates on the classical aspects of gauge theory, describing the four fundamental forces by the curvature of appropriate fiber bundles. This must be supplemented by the crucial, but elusive quantization procedure.

The book is arranged in four sections, devoted to realizing the universal principle force equals curvature:

Part I: The Euclidean Manifold as a Paradigm

Part II: Ariadne's Thread in Gauge Theory

Part III: Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity

Part IV: Ariadne's Thread in Cohomology

For students of mathematics the book is designed to demonstrate that detailed knowledge of the physical background helps to reveal interesting interrelationships among diverse mathematical topics. Physics students will be exposed to a fairly advanced mathematics, beyond the level covered in the typical physics curriculum.

Quantum Field Theory builds a bridge between mathematicians and physicists, based on challenging questions about the fundamental forces in the universe (macrocosmos), and in the world of elementary particles (microcosmos).

The book begins by introducing the reader to symbolic computation and how it can be applied to solve a broad range of practical problems. Chapters cover topics that include: infinite series; complex numbers and functions; vectors and matrices; vector analysis; tensor analysis; ordinary differential equations; general vector spaces; Fourier series; partial differential equations; complex variable theory; and probability and statistics. Each important concept is clarified to students through the use of a simple example and often an illustration.

This book is an ideal reference for upper level undergraduates in physical chemistry, physics, engineering, and advanced/applied mathematics courses. It will also appeal to graduate physicists, engineers and related specialties seeking to address practical problems in physical science.

Clarifies each important concept to students through the use of a simple example and often an illustrationProvides quick-reference for students through multiple appendices, including an overview of terms in most commonly used applications (Mathematica, Maple)Shows how symbolic computing enables solving a broad range of practical problems

In addition to the Szego and Killip-Simon theorems for orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle (OPUC) and orthogonal polynomials on the real line (OPRL), Simon covers Toda lattices, the moment problem, and Jacobi operators on the Bethe lattice. Recent work on applications of universality of the CD kernel to obtain detailed asymptotics on the fine structure of the zeros is also included. The book places special emphasis on OPRL, which makes it the essential companion volume to the author's earlier books on OPUC.

Starting with a survey of basic statistical mechanics, the treatment proceeds to examinations of the one-dimensional Ising model, the mean field model, the Ising model on the Bethe lattice, and the spherical model. Subsequent chapters address duality and star-triangle transforms of planar Ising models, the square-lattice Ising model, ice-type models, and the square lattice eight-vertex model. Additional topics include the Kagomé lattice eight-vertex model, Potts and Ashkin-Teller models, Corner transfer matrices, hard hexagon and related models, and elliptic functions. Seventy-six figures illuminate the text.

Part I begins with linear algebraic foundations, follows with the modern component-free definition of tensors, and concludes with applications to physics through the use of tensor products. Part II introduces group theory, including abstract groups and Lie groups and their associated Lie algebras, then intertwines this material with that of Part I by introducing representation theory. Examples and exercises are provided in each chapter for good practice in applying the presented material and techniques.

Prerequisites for this text include the standard lower-division mathematics and physics courses, though extensive references are provided for the motivated student who has not yet had these. Advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in physics and applied mathematics will find this textbook to be a clear, concise, and engaging introduction to tensors and groups.

Reviews of the First Edition

“[P]hysicist Nadir Jeevanjee has produced a masterly book that will help other physicists understand those subjects [tensors and groups] as mathematicians understand them... From the first pages, Jeevanjee shows amazing skill in finding fresh, compelling words to bring forward the insight that animates the modern mathematical view...[W]ith compelling force and clarity, he provides many carefully worked-out examples and well-chosen specific problems... Jeevanjee’s clear and forceful writing presents familiar cases with a freshness that will draw in and reassure even a fearful student. [This] is a masterpiece of exposition and explanation that would win credit for even a seasoned author.”

—Physics Today

"Jeevanjee’s [text] is a valuable piece of work on several counts, including its express pedagogical service rendered to fledgling physicists and the fact that it does indeed give pure mathematicians a way to come to terms with what physicists are saying with the same words we use, but with an ostensibly different meaning. The book is very easy to read, very user-friendly, full of examples...and exercises, and will do the job the author wants it to do with style.”

—MAA Reviews

In more practical terms, the book is a sequel to the author's Special Relativity in the same series, with some overlap in the treatment of tensors. The basic theory is presented using techniques, such as phase-plane analysis, that will already be familiar to mathematics undergraduates, and numerous problems, of varying levels of difficulty, are provided to test understanding. The latter chapters include the theoretical background to contemporary observational tests - in particular the detection of gravitational waves and the verification of the Lens-Thirring precession - and some introductory cosmology, to tempt the reader to further study.

While primarily designed as an introduction for final-year undergraduates and first-year postgraduates in mathematics, the book is also accessible to physicists who would like to see a more mathematical approach to the ideas.

During the last 20-25 years, classical mechanics has undergone an important revival associated with the progress in non-linear dynamics, applications of Noether’s theorem and the extension of variational principles in various interdisciplinary sciences (for instance, magnetofluid dynamics). Thus, there ought to exist a book concerned with the applied analytical formalism, first developed in the frame of theoretical mechanics, which has proved to be one of the most efficient tools of investigation in the entire arena of science.

The present book is an outcome of the authors’ teaching experience over many years in different countries and for different students studying diverse fields of physics. The book is intended for students at the level of undergraduate and graduate studies in physics, engineering, astronomy, applied mathematics and for researchers working in related subjects.

We hope that the original presentation and the distribution of the topics, the various applications in many branches of physics and the set of more than 100 proposed problems, shall make this book a comprehensive and useful tool for students and researchers.

The present book is an outcome of the authors’ teaching experience over many years in different countries and for different students studying diverse fields of physics. The book is intended for students at the level of undergraduate and graduate studies in physics, engineering, astronomy, applied mathematics and for researchers working in related subjects.

We hope that the original presentation and the distribution of the topics, the various applications in many branches of physics and the set of more than 100 proposed problems, shall make this book a comprehensive and useful tool for students and researchers.

This book addresses important aspects and fundamental concepts in hydrocarbon exploration and production. Moreover, new developments and recent advances in the relevant research areas are discussed, whereby special emphasis is placed on mathematical methods and modelling. The book reflects the multi-disciplinary character of the hydrocarbon production workflow, ranging from seismic data imaging, seismic analysis and interpretation and geological model building, to numerical reservoir simulation. Various challenges concerning the production workflow are discussed in detail.

The thirteen chapters of this joint work, authored by international experts from academic and industrial institutions, include survey papers of expository character as well as original research articles. Large parts of the material presented in this book were developed between November 2000 and April 2004 through the European research and training network NetAGES, "Network for Automated Geometry Extraction from Seismic". The new methods described here are currently being implemented as software tools at Schlumberger Stavanger Research, one of the world's largest service providers to the oil industry.

The book contains a large number of new exercises and examples, each with separate headings. The reader will get an updated introduction to general relativity including the most recent developments in cosmology.