“A thrilling account of the modern material world.” —Wall Street Journal
"Miodownik, a materials scientist, explains the history and science behind things such as paper, glass, chocolate, and concrete with an infectious enthusiasm." —Scientific American
Why is glass see-through? What makes elastic stretchy? Why does any material look and behave the way it does? These are the sorts of questions that renowned materials scientist Mark Miodownik constantly asks himself. Miodownik studies objects as ordinary as an envelope and as unexpected as concrete cloth, uncovering the fascinating secrets that hold together our physical world. In Stuff Matters, Miodownik explores the materials he encounters in a typical morning, from the steel in his razor to the foam in his sneakers. Full of enthralling tales of the miracles of engineering that permeate our lives, Stuff Matters will make you see stuff in a whole new way.
"Stuff Matters is about hidden wonders, the astonishing properties of materials we think boring, banal, and unworthy of attention...It's possible this science and these stories have been told elsewhere, but like the best chocolatiers, Miodownik gets the blend right." —New York Times Book Review
Inorganic chemistry can be an intimidating subject, but itdoesn't have to be! Whether you're currently enrolled in aninorganic chemistry class or you have a background in chemistry andwant to expand your knowledge, Inorganic Chemistry ForDummies is the approachable, hands-on guide you can trust forfast, easy learning.
Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies features a thoroughintroduction to the study of the synthesis and behavior ofinorganic and organometallic compounds. In plain English, itexplains the principles of inorganic chemistry and includesworked-out problems to enhance your understanding of the keytheories and concepts of the field.Presents information in an effective and straightforwardmannerCovers topics you'll encounter in a typical inorganic chemistrycourseProvides plain-English explanations of complicatedconcepts
If you're pursuing a career as a nurse, doctor, or engineer or alifelong learner looking to make sense of this fascinating subject,Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies is the quick and painlessway to master inorganic chemistry.
Accordingly, the book covers not only the 'inorganic' chemistry of the elements, but also analytical, theoretical, industrial, organometallic, bio-inorganic and other cognate areas of chemistry. The authors have broken with recent tradition in the teaching of their subject and adopted a new and highly successful approach based on descriptive chemistry. The chemistry of the elements is still discussed within the context of an underlying theoretical framework, giving cohesion and structure to the text, but at all times the chemical facts are emphasized. Students are invited to enter the exciting world of chemical phenomena with a sound knowledge and understanding of the subject, to approach experimentation with an open mind, and to assess observations reliably. This is a book that students will not only value during their formal education, but will keep and refer to throughout their careers as chemists.Completely revised and updatedUnique approach to the subjectMore comprehensive than competing titles
This book is a compilation of the pdf files of all the 73 videos on Group Theory published in the YouTube channel 'Chemistry Learning Simplified'
Link to the Channel:
About the YouTube channel:
CHEMISTRY LEARNING SIMPLIFIED is a Channel which helps science students of the world to learn abstract and difficult concepts in chemistry with ease.
There are three series of videos in this channel
1. GROUP THEORY AND CHEMISTRY (Completed series with 73 videos)
2. QUANTUM CHEMISTRY (Almost completed series with 61 videos )
3. MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY ( Ongoing series with 20 videos)
In addition to these three series, there are several videos dealing with some of the very important and fundamental concepts in chemistry.
“From the very basics to the most advanced” is the guiding principle in the creation of all these videos.
The videos have been created in such a way that the contents can be used as a direct learning material by students and direct teaching material by teachers.
The technique is treated both qualitatively and quantitatively, with a progressive increase in sophistication in each succeeding chapter. Following a general introductory chapter, the first half of the book deals with single unpaired electron systems and considers both metal and ligand Zeeman, hyperfine and quadrupole interactions. The simulation of these spectra is discussed, followed by the relationship between spin-Hamiltonian parameters and models of the electronic structures of paramagnets. The second half of the book treats multiple unpaired electron systems using the same philosophy. An introduction to the epr properties of cluster compounds and of extended exchanging systems is also given. There is a chapter on linewidths and lineshapes, and an extensive appendix containing much additional information. A wide-ranging library of simulated and experimental spectra is given, as well as graphical data which should aid spectrum interpretation. Each chapter contains key references and there is a substantial subject and keyword index.
This book is designed to teach epr spectroscopy to students without any previous knowledge of the technique. However, it will also be extremely useful to researchers dealing with paramagnetic d transition metals.
The book begins with a brief introduction to binary rare earth oxides, their physical and chemical stabilities, polymorphism, crystal structures and phase transformation and the association with current applications. The book goes on to present the band structure of the oxides using several quantum chemical calculations, which belong to a newly developed area in the binary rare earth oxides. Central to this chapter are the characterizations of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, as well as details of single crystal growth and particle preparation methods that have progressed in recent years. Later chapters concentrate on thermo-chemical properties and trace determination techniques. The final chapter contains a variety of useful applications in various fields such as phosphors, glass abrasives, automotive catalysts, fuel cells, solid electrolytes, sunscreens, iron steels, and biological materials.
This book is an invaluable resource for materials scientists and solid-state physicists and chemists with an interest in rare earth oxides, as well as advanced students and graduates who require an approach to familiarize them with this field. This book provides guidance through a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of binary rare earth oxides.
Takes a principles-based, group and molecular orbital theory approach to inorganic chemistryThe first inorganic chemistry textbook to provide a thorough treatment of group theory, a topic usually relegated to only one or two chapters of texts, giving it only a cursory overviewCovers atomic and molecular term symbols, symmetry coordinates in vibrational spectroscopy using the projection operator method, polyatomic MO theory, band theory, and Tanabe-Sugano diagramsIncludes a heavy dose of group theory in the primary inorganic textbook, most of the pedagogical benefits of integration and reinforcement of this material in the treatment of other topics, such as frontier MO acid--base theory, band theory of solids, inorganic photochemistry, the Jahn-Teller effect, and Wade's rules are fully realizedVery physical in nature compare to other textbooks in the field, taking the time to go through mathematical derivations and to compare and contrast different theories of bonding in order to allow for a more rigorous treatment of their application to molecular structure, bonding, and spectroscopyInformal and engaging writing style; worked examples throughout the text; unanswered problems in every chapter; contains a generous use of informative, colorful illustrations
Prepare for the MCAT with this review notes mega pack (900+ pages of best review notes from successful MCAT test takers).
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Discussions on the controversial topic of the role of chromium(III) at the molecular level in insulin signaling and information on cell cultures and in vitro assays of chromium toxicity are also covered.Examines all of the significant research surrounding chromium, providing discussion on both sides of controversial issuesFeatures new evidence that shows why chromium may not be an essential elementDetails why national recommendations may need updatingEdited by leading expert in the field of chromium, with new contributions from leaders in different aspects of chromium research
Using rich graphics to enhance content and maximize learning, the book covers the chemical behavior of the elements, acid-base chemistry, coordination chemistry, organometallic compounds, and numerous other topics to provide a coherent treatment of the field. The book pays special attention to key subjects such as chemical bonding and Buckminster Fullerenes, and includes new and expanded coverage of active areas of research, such as bioinorganic chemistry, green chemistry, redox chemistry, nanostructures, and more.Highlights the Earth’s crust as the source of most inorganic compounds and explains the transformations of those compounds into useful productsProvides a coherent treatment of the field, covering the chemical behavior of the elements, acid-base chemistry, coordination chemistry, and organometallic compoundsConnects key topics to real world industrial applications, such as in the area of nanostructures Includes expanded coverage on bioinorganic chemistry, green chemistry, redox chemistry, superacids, catalysis, and other areas of recent development
The author has drawn on his own research and the current literature to ensure that appropriate attention is given to topics across the range of modern organic chemistry. The text is unique in its inclusion of a chapter on reactions mediated or catalyzed by transition metals, an area in which mechanistic understanding is now essential. Relatively new topics such as olefin metathesis and cycloaromatization are covered without giving short shrift to more traditional areas such as carbonyl chemistry. The text assumes a basic knowledge of organic chemistry. It can be used either in a formal course or by students working on their own, and will be particularly useful for graduate students studying for qualifying examinations. It will also be useful to students and researchers in biochemistry, pharmacology, and inorganic chemistry.
"This is an excellent and well-presented work.... The author ... has succeeded well in treating the central ideas of reactivity and selectivity in an integrated whole. The clear style of writing, the well chosen examples, and the ... concise summaries of the main points provided at the end of each chapter should enable the reader to easily consolidate what has been learned.... The book is indeed a little work of art."
-- Jens Hartung, Angewandte Chemie International Edition
"I have taught a one-credit course with this book for three years, and, uniformly, the students have rated this book highly for its clarity and for the scope of the problems. ... This book does an excellent job at its stated goal: 'to teach students to come up with reasonable mechanisms for reactions they have never seen before.'"
-- Amy Howell, Synthesis
"I have just finished my first year of graduate studies in organic chemistry at Duke University. I just wanted to let you know how much your book got me through the past year of course work.... When it came to mechanisms, I found the clarity and thoroughness I needed only in your book. It was impressive how you were able to present so much information in a clear and comprehensive manner yet keep the book so manageable in size. In addition to the text, I also was able to benefit from the problems.... Great practice!! The on-line answers are much better than looking up answers by reference.... I am reading it again this summer in preparation for my preliminary exam next spring."
-- David Gooden
Following a preliminary overview chapter discussing iron oxide minerals along with their unique structures and properties, the text goes on to deal with the formation and transformation of iron oxides, covering geological, synthetic, and biological formation, as well as various physicochemical aspects. Subsequent chapters are devoted to characterization techniques, with a special focus on X-ray-based methods, magnetic measurements, and electron microscopy alongside such traditional methods as IR/Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The final section mainly concerns exciting new applications of magnetic iron oxides, for example in medicine as microswimmers or as water filtration systems, while more conventional uses as pigments or in biology for magnetoreception illustrate the full potential.
A must-read for anyone working in the field.
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The book provides advanced and updated information on the latest synthesis routes to fluorocompounds and the involved reaction mechanisms. Special attention is given to the unique reactivity of fluorine and fluorinated media, along with the correlation of those properties to valuable applications of fluorinated compounds.Contains quality content edited, and contributed, by leading scholars in the fieldPresents applied guidance on the preparation of original fluorinated compounds, potentially transferable from the lab scale to industrial applicationsProvides practical synthesis information for a wide audience interested in fluorine compounds in many branches of chemistry, materials science, and physics
This book can be primarily used as an advanced textbook for a wide range of readers in many disciplines; not only students and teachers but also everyone who works in the laboratory as a researcher or in production and planning or who generally needs relevant knowledge of carbohydrates.
Each chapter has an Assignment Section containing “problems” which might be usefully attempted to improve the understanding of the new material in that chapter.
The new edition has had several appendices added which give support to concepts which, if included in the main text, would have hindered the main thrust of the presentation. These new appendices are an attempt to clarify oversights and errors which have been tacitly ignored and which have now become part of the conventional wisdom.
We all know that without water we couldn’t survive, and that sometimes a cup of coffee or a glass of wine feels just as vital. But do we really understand how much we rely on liquids, or the destructive power they hold?
Set over the course of a flight from London to San Francisco, Liquid Rules offers readers a fascinating tour of these formless substances, told through the language of molecules, droplets, heartbeats, and ocean waves. Throughout the trip, we encounter fluids within the plane—from a seemingly ordinary cup of tea to a liquid crystal display screen—and without, in the volcanoes of Iceland, the frozen expanse of Greenland, and the marvelous California coastline. We come to see liquids as substances of wonder and fascination, and to understand their potential for death and destruction. Just as in Stuff Matters, Mark Miodownik’s unique brand of scientific storytelling brings liquids and their mysterious properties to life in a captivating new way.
Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics are a family of compounds thatdisplay an unusual combination of properties, including extremelyhigh melting temperatures (>3000°C), high hardness, andgood chemical stability and strength at high temperatures. Typical UHTC materials are the carbides, nitrides, and borides oftransition metals, but the Group IV compounds (Ti, Zr, Hf) plus TaCare generally considered to be the main focus of research due tothe superior melting temperatures and stable high-meltingtemperature oxide that forms in situ. Rather than focusing on thelatest scientific results, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics:Materials for Extreme Environment Applications broadly andcritically combines the historical aspects and the state-of-the-arton the processing, densification, properties, and performance ofboride and carbide ceramics.
In reviewing the historic studies and recent progress in thefield, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for ExtremeEnvironment Applications provides:Original reviews of researchconducted in the 1960s and 70sContent on electronic structure,synthesis, powder processing, densification, property measurement,and characterization of boride and carbide ceramics.Emphasis on materials for hypersonicaerospace applications such as wing leading edges and propulsioncomponents for vehicles traveling faster than Mach 5Information on materials used in theextreme environments associated with high speed cutting tools andnuclear power generation
Contributions are based on presentations by leading researchgroups at the conference "Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Materials for Extreme Environment Applications II" held May 13-19,2012 in Hernstein, Austria. Bringing together disparate researchersfrom academia, government, and industry in a singular forum, themeeting cultivated didactic discussions and efforts between benchresearchers, designers and engineers in assaying results in abroader context and moving the technology forward toward near- andlong-term use. This book is useful for furnace manufacturers,aerospace manufacturers that may be pursuing hypersonic technology,researchers studying any aspect of boride and carbide ceramics, andpractitioners of high-temperature structural ceramics.
The tables in this book give the volume, entropy, enthalpy, isobaric heat capacity, compression factor, fugacity/pressure ratio, Joule-Thomson coefficient, ratio of the heat capacities, and speed of sound as a function of pressure and temperature. Given in the tables as well are the pressure, entropy, internal energy, and isochoric heat capacity as functions of density and temperature, for the gas and liquid states from 0.025 MPa to 25 MPa at temperatures from 180 K to 900 K.
approaches to anion coordination chemistry. Synthesis of receptors, biological receptors and metallareceptors, the energetics of anion binding, molecular structures of anion complexes, sensing devices are presented and computational studies addressed to aid with the understanding of the different driving forces responsible for anion complexation. The reader is promised an actual picture of the state of the art for this exciting and constantly evolving field of supramolecular anion coordination chemistry. The topics range from ion channels to selective
sensors, making it attractive to all researchers and PhD students with an interest in supramolecular chemistry.
Bioinorganic Vanadium Chemistry conveys the essentialaspects of vanadium bioinorganic chemistry, making this book avaluable complement to more general bioinorganic chemistry textsand more specialized topical reviews for researchers and studentsalike.
Readership: Professors, graduate and undergraduate students in Engineering, Chemistry, and Material Sciences discipline, High School STEM Programs, Scientific Libraries, Material Manufacturers, Oil Companies, Refineries, Environmental Agencies, Battery Companies, Energy Industries and Advanced Sensor Companies.
Keywords: Metal-Organic Framework;Design and Functionalization;Gas Adsorption;Catalysis;Membrane;Separations;Conductivity;Energy Transfer;MagnetismReview: Key Features: This book is the first to bring together leading researchers in the MOF community to discuss practical applic
This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins with an overview of the basic structural features of carbon materials, along with definitions of the various carbon forms encountered in carbon science. The principal techniques for studying the structure of solid carbons are also considered. The reader is then introduced to the mechanisms underlying the formation of isotropic and anisotropic carbons; the physicochemical changes that take place when pitch is pyrolyzed to carbon; and kinetics and catalysis of carbon gasification reactions. The following chapters explore various types of porosity in carbons and graphites; manufacture, properties, structure, and applications of carbon fibers; and mechanical properties of cokes and composites. This text concludes by describing the conversion of coal to coke.
This monograph will be of interest to carbon scientists, technologists, and engineers, as well as those entering the field of carbon science for the first time.
With concise descriptions presenting the chemical, physical and electrical properties of any given compound, this subject matter will serve as an introduction to the field. This compendium is vital for students and scientific researchers in all fields of scientific endeavors, including non-chemists.2013 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers' PROSE Awards Presents a systematic coverage of all known alkaline earth inorganic compounds and their propertiesProvides a clear, consistent presentation based on groups facilitatating easy comparisons Includes the structure of all the compounds in high quality full-color graphics Summarizes all currently known properties of the transition metals compounds Lists the uses and applications of these compounds in electronics, energy, and catalysis
The book covers:
A range of synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids Bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties STEM, ionic conductivity, nanotubes and related structures such as graphene, metal organic frameworks, and FeAs superconductors Biological systems in synthesis, solid state modeling, and metamaterials
This largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes basic crystallography and structure determination, as well as practical examples of applications and modern developments to offer students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course.
New in the Fourth Edition
Coverage of multiferroics, graphene, and iron-based high temperature superconductors, the techniques available with synchrotron radiation, and metal organic frameworks (MOFs) More space devoted to electron microscopy and preparative methods New discussion of conducting polymers in the expanded section on carbon nanoscience
The subjects covered in the book can be divided into three sections. The first (chapters 1 to 3) covers the structural, physical, magnetic, and electronic properties of transition metal oxides. Although the emphasis is on surface properties, relevant bulk properties are also discussed. The second section (chapters 4 to 7) covers surface chemical properties. It includes topics that describe the importance of surface coordinative unsaturation in adsorption, the formation of surface acidity and the role of acidity in determining surface chemical properties, the nature and reactivities of adsorbed oxygen, and the surface chemistry in the reduction of oxides. The third section (chapters 8 to 14) is on the catalytic properties. Various catalytic reactions including decomposition, hydrogenation, isomerization, metathesis, selective oxidation, and reactions involving carbon oxides are discussed. Emphasis is placed more on reaction mechanisms and the role of catalysts than on kinetics and processes. Chapters on the preparation of oxide catalysts and on photo-assisted processes are also included. Whenever appropriate, relationships between various topics are indicated.
Written for surface physicists, chemists, and catalytic engineers, the book will serve as a useful source of information for investigators and as a comprehensive overview of the subject for graduate students.
Organized into six chapters, this book starts with a tabular presentation of data of the physical properties, thermodynamic properties, electrochemical properties, practical features, as well as spectroscopy and structure of molten salts. This text then illustrates the design features of different experimental assemblies and provides information on the technique through a liberally annotated bibliography. Other chapters provide a chemical index, which offers a ready guide to the status of data over the entire range of interests. This book presents as well the properties of viscosity, density, surface tension, refractive index, and electrical conductance for different compounds as single salt melts.
This book is a valuable resource for scientists and researchers from diverse fields, including theoretical and applied electrochemistry, inorganic coordination chemistry, and transition metal chemistry.
This course-tested text now includes expanded chapters on the role of ceramics in industry and their impact on the environment as well as a chapter devoted to applications of ceramic materials in clean energy technologies. Also new are expanded sets of text-specific homework problems and other resources for instructors. The revised and updated Second Edition is further enhanced with color illustrations throughout the text.
Packed with contributions from the world’s leading experts, this volume brings in authoritative information from a number of sciences, including chemistry, physics, nanotechnology and metallurgy. The book presents a myriad of applications, ranging from electronics to medicine and optics. A comprehensive overview chapter provides historical perspectives of the element and each chapter describes potential further uses, including applications currently being developed.
Gold Applications in Use Today Include:
These developments highlight the need for a monograph dedicated solely to the palladium chemistry in heterocycles and this book provides a comprehensive explanation of the subject. The principal aim of the book is to highlight important palladium-mediated reactions of heterocycles with emphasis on the unique characteristics of individual heterocycles.
1. Palladium chemistry of heterocycles has its “idiosyncrasies stemming from their different structural properties from the corresponding carbocyclic aryl compounds. Even activated chloroheterocycles are sufficiently reactive to undergo Pd-catalyzed reactions. As a consequence of &agr and &bgr activation of heteroaryl halides, Pd-catalyzed chemistry may take place regioselectively at the activated positions, a phenomenon rarely seen in carbocyclic aryl halides. In addition, another salient peculiarity in palladium chemistry of heterocycles is the so-called "heteroaryl Heck reaction". For instance, while intermolecular palladium-catalyzed arylations of carbocyclic arenes are rare, palladium-catalyzed arylations of azoles and many other heterocycles readily take place. Therefore, the principal aim of this book is to highlight important palladium-mediated reactions of heterocycles with emphasis on the unique characteristics of individual heterocycles. 2. A myriad of heterocycles are biologically active and therefore of paramount importance to medicinal and agricultural chemists. Many heterocycle-containing natural products (they are highlighted in boxes throughout the text) have elicited great interest from both academic and industrial research groups. Recognizing the similarities between the palladium chemistry of arenes and heteroarenes, a critical survey of the accomplishments in heterocyclic chemistry will keep readers abreast of such a fast-growing field. We also hope this book will spur more interest and inspire ideas in such an extremely useful area. This book comprises a compilation of important preparations of heteroaryl halides, boranes and stannanes for each heterocycle. The large body of data regarding palladium-mediated polymerization of heterocycles in material chemistry is not focused here; neither is coordination chemistry involving palladium and heterocycles. Many heterocycle-containing natural products (highlighted throughout the text) have elicited great interest from both academic and industrial research groups. Recognizing the similarities between the palladium chemistry of arenes and heteroarenes, a critical survey of the accomplishments in heterocyclic chemistry keeps readers abreast of this fast-growing field. It is also hoped that this book will stimulate more interest and inspire new ideas in this exciting area.Contains the most up-to-date developments in this fast-moving fieldIncludes 3 new chaptersIncorporates material from selected well-respected authors on heterocyclic chemistry
The Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of the Rare Earths is a continuing authoritative series that deals with the science and technology of the rare earth elements in an integrated manner. Each chapter is a comprehensive, up-to-date, critical review of a particular segment of the field. The work offers the researcher and graduate student a complete and thorough coverage of this fascinating field.Individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, critical reviewsContributions are written by highly experienced, invited expertsGives an up-to-date overview of developments in the field
Starting with coverage of the broader aspects of VSEPR, this volume narrows its focus to a succinct survey of the methods of structural determination. Additional topics include the applications of the VSEPR model and its theoretical basis. Helpful data on molecular geometries, bond lengths, and bond angles appear in tables and other graphics.
Written in a clear, concise manner, the author introduces a seriesof programmes that help students learn at their own pace and enableto them understand the subject fully. Readers are taken through aseries of carefully constructed exercises, designed to simplify themathematics and give them a full understanding of how this relatesto the chemistry.
This second edition contains a new chapter on the projectionoperator method. This is used to calculate the form of the normalmodes of vibration of a molecule and the normalised wave functionsof hybrid orbitals or molecular orbitals.
The features of this book include:
* A concise, gentle introduction to symmetry and group theory
* Takes a programmed learning approach
* New material on projection operators, and the calcultaion ofnormal modes of vibration and normalised wave functions oforbitals
This book is suitable for all students of chemistry taking a firstcourse in symmetry and group theory.
The book first covers the fundamental aspects of silicon, such as its nuclear, physical, and chemical properties. The text also details the history of silicon, its occurrence and distribution, and applications. Next, the selection enumerates the compounds and complexes of silicon, along with organosilicon compounds.
The text will be of great interest to chemists and chemical engineers. Other researchers working on research study involving silicon will also benefit from the book.
The new edition continues to provide concise coverage of inorganic chemistry at an undergraduate level, offering easy access to all important areas of inorganic chemistry in a format which is ideal for learning and rapid revision.
The book covers the discovery and history of scandium, its abundance in rock-forming minerals and common type rocks, and its derivation, extraction, and preparation. It also deals with the physical metallurgy of scandium, its physical and chemical properties, its isotopes, its alloys and intermetallic compounds, and its economic and technological applications.
The text is recommended for chemists, metallurgists, and experts who would like to know particularly more about scandium and its possible uses.