This second volume, Design and Analysis of Large Mirrors and Structures, concentrates on the design and mounting of significantly larger optics and their structures, including a new and important topic: detailed consideration of factors affecting large mirror performance. The book details how to design and fabricate very large single-substrate, segmented, and lightweight mirrors; describes mountings for large mirrors with their optical axes in vertical, horizontal, and variable orientations; indicates how metal and composite mirrors differ from ones made of glass; explains key design aspects of optical instrument structural design; and takes a look at an emerging technology—the evolution and applications of silicon and silicon carbide in mirrors and other types of components for optical applications.
Timeless and collectible, the lectures are essential reading, not just for students of physics but for anyone seeking an introduction to the field from the inimitable Feynman.
Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaboratediscussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques,and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradationand a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance theoptical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical lasercharacteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussedalong with clear design considerations in the context ofreliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programsfor reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel,advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the firsttime in detail in book literature, performance- andreliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress andmaterial instabilities.
Further key features include:practical design guidelines that consider also reliabilityrelated effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laserfabrication and packaging issues;detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diodelasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques,many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose andnovel in the application;systematic insight into laser degradation modes such ascatastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies toincrease the optical strength of diode lasers;coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliabilityengineering with details on a standard commercial high power laserreliability test program.
Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability andDiagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author inthe diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as wellas a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. Withinvaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited topractising researchers in diode laser technologies, and topostgraduate engineering students.
Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his ownsemiconductor technology consulting businessPwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks backat a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronicsindustries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global andstart-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, AgilentTechnologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU LaserEnterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr.rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from theUniversity of Stuttgart, Germany.
Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert incompound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He hasaccomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductorlasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonanttunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions andintegrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticateddiagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports andhas been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. Heauthored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, publishedmore than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical DisclosureBulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals forpublication in technical journals, and has won five IBM ResearchDivision Awards. His key achievements include the design andfabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diodelasers.
“Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability andDiagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single ModeDevices”. By Peter W. Epperlein
Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Jäckel, High Speed Electronics andPhotonics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETHZürich, Switzerland
The book “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliabilityand Diagnostics” by Dr. P.W. Epperlein is a landmark in therecent literature on semiconductor lasers because it fills alongstanding gap between many excellent books on laser theory andthe complex and challenging endeavor to fabricate these devicesreproducibly and reliably in an industrial, real worldenvironment.
Having worked myself in the early research and development ofhigh power semiconductor lasers, I appreciate the competent,complete and skillful presentation of these three highlyinterrelated topics, where small effects have dramatic consequenceson the success of a final product, on the ultimate performance andon the stringent reliability requirements, which are the name ofthe game.
As the title suggests the author addresses three tightlyinterwoven and critical topics of state-of-the-art power laserresearch. The three parts are: device and mode stabilityengineering (chapter 1, 2), reliability mechanisms and reliabilityassessment strategies (chapter 3, 4, 5, 6) and finally material anddevice diagnostics (chapter 7, 8, 9) all treated with a strongfocus on the implementation. This emphasis on the complex practicalaspects for a large-scale power laser fabrication is a truehighlight of the book.
The subtle interplay between laser design, reliabilitystrategies, advanced failure analysis and characterizationtechniques are elaborated in a very rigorous and scientific wayusing a very clear and easy to read representation of the complexinterrelation of the three major topics. I will abstain from tryingto provide a complete account of all the topics but mainlyconcentrate on the numerous highlights.
The first part 1 “Laser Engineering” is dividedin two chapters on basic electronic-optical, structural, materialand resonator laser engineering on the one side, and on single modecontrol and stability at very high, still reliable power-levelswith the trade-off between mirror damage, single mode stability onthe other side. To round up the picture less well-known conceptsand the state-of-the-art of large-area lasers, which can be forcedinto single-mode operation, are reviewed carefully. The subtle andcomplex interplay, which is challenging to optimize for a designfor reliability and low stress as a major boundary condition iscrucial for the design. The section gives a rather complete andwell-referenced account of all relevant aspects, relations andtrade-offs for understanding the rest of the book.
The completeness of the presentation on power laser diodedesign based on basic physical and plausible arguments is mainlybased on analytic mathematical relations as well as experimentsproviding a new and well-balanced addition for the power diodelaser literature in particular. Modern 2D self-consistentelectro-optical laser modeling including carrier hole burning andthermal effects – this is important because the weak opticalguiding and gain-discrimination depend critically on rather smallquantities and effects, which are difficult to optimizeexperimentally – is used in the book for simulation results,but is not treated separately.
The novel and really original, “gap-filling” bulkof the book is elaborated by the author in a very clear way in thefollowing four chapters in the part 2 “LaserReliability” on laser degradation physics and mirror designand passivation at high power, followed then by two veryapplication oriented chapters on reliability design engineering andpractical reliability strategies and implementation procedures.This original combination of integral design and reliabilityaspects – which are mostly neglected in standardliterature – is certainly a major plus of this book. I likedthis second section as a whole, because it provides excellentinsights in degradation physics on a high level and combines it inan interesting and skillful way with the less“glamorous” (unfortunately) but highly relevantreliability science and testing strategies, which is particularlyimportant for devices operating at extreme optical stresses withchallenging lifetime requirements in a real wordenvironment.
Finally, the last part 3 “Laser Diagnostics”comprising three chapters, is devoted mainly to advancedexperimental diagnostics techniques for material integrity,mechanical stress, deep level defects, various dynamic laserdegradation effects, surface- and interface quality, and mostimportantly heating and disordering of mirrors and mirror coatings.The topics of characterization techniques comprising micro-Raman-and micro-thermoreflectance-probing, 2K photoluminescencespectroscopy, micro-electroluminescence and photoluminescencescanning, and deep-level-transient spectroscopy have been pioneeredby the author for the specific applications over many yearsguaranteeing many competent and well represented insights. Thesetechniques are brilliantly discussed and the informationdistributed in many articles by the author has been successfullyunified in a book form.
In my personal judgment and liking, I consider the parts 2and 3 on reliability and diagnostics as the most valuable and truenovel contribution of the book, which in combination with theextremely well-covered laser design of part 1 clearly fill the gapin the current diode laser literature, which in this detail hascertainly been neglected in the past.
In summary, I can highly recommend this excellent,well-organized and clearly written book to readers who are alreadyfamiliar with basic diode laser theory and who are active in theacademic and industrial fabrication and characterization ofsemiconductor lasers. Due to its completeness, it also serves as anexcellent reference of the current state-of-the-art in reliabilityengineering and device and material diagnostics.
Needless to mention that the quality of the book, itsrepresentations and methodical structure meet the highestexpectation and are certainly a tribute from the long and broadexperience of the author in academic laser science and theindustrial commercialization of high power diode lasers.
In my opinion, this book was a pleasure to read and due toits quality and relevance deserves a large audience in the powerdiode laser community!
Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Jäckel, High Speed Electronicsand Photonics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETHZürich, Switzerland
June 16, 2013
“Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability andDiagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single ModeDevices”. By Peter W. Epperlein
Dr. Chung-en Zah, Research Director,Semiconductor Technologies Research, S&T Division,Corning Incorporate, Corning NY, USA
This book covers for the first time the three closelyinterrelated key laser areas of engineering (design), reliabilityand diagnostics in one book, written by the well-known practitionerin cutting-edge optoelectronics industries, Dr. Peter W. Epperlein.The book closes the gap in the current book literature and is thusa unique and excellent example of how to merge design, reliabilityand diagnostics aspects in a very professional, profound andcomplete manner. All physical and technological principles,concepts and practical aspects required for developing andfabricating highly-reliable high-power single-mode laser productsare precisely specified and skilfully formulated along with all thenecessary equations, figures, tables and worked-out examples makingit easy to follow through the nine chapters. Hence, this uniquebook is a milestone in the diode laser literature and is anexcellent reference book not only for diode laser researchers andengineers, but also diode laser users.
The engineering part starts with a very informative andclear, well-presented account of all necessary basic diode lasertypes, principles, parameters and characteristics for an easy andquick understanding of laser functionality within the context ofthe book. Along with an elaborate and broad discussion of relevantlaser material systems, applications, typical output powers,power-limiting factors and reliability tradeoffs, basic fabricationand packaging technologies, this excellent introductory section iswell suited to become quickly and easily familiar with practicalaspects and issues of diode laser technologies. Of specialimportance and high usefulness is the first analytic andquantitative discussion in a book on issues of coupling laser powerinto optical single mode fibers. The second section discusses in awell-balanced, competent and skilful way waveguide topics such asbasic high-power design approaches, transverse vertical and lateralwaveguide concepts, stability of the fundamental transverse lateralmode and fundamental mode waveguide optimization techniques byconsidering detrimental effects such as heating, carrier injection,spatial hole burning, lateral current spreading and gain profilevariations. Less well-known approaches to force large-area lasersinto a single mode operation are well-identified and carefullydiscussed in depth and breadth. All these topics are elaborated ina very complete, rigorous and scientific way and are clearlyarticulated and easy to read. In particular, the book works out thecomplex interaction between the many different effects to optimizehigh-power single-mode performance at ultimate reliability and thusis of great benefit to every researcher and engineer engaged inthis diode laser field.
Another novelty and highlight is, for the first time ever inbook form, a comprehensive yet concise discussion of diode laserreliability related issues. These are elaborated in four distinctchapters comprising laser degradation physics and modes, opticalstrength enhancement approaches including mirrorpassivation/coating and non-absorbing mirror technologies, followedby two highly relevant product-oriented chapters on reliabilitydesign engineering concepts and techniques and an elaboratereliability test plan for laser chip and module productqualification. This original and novel approach to link laserdesign to reliability aspects and requirements provides both, mostuseful insight into degradation processes such as catastrophicoptical mirror damage on a microscopic scale, and a wide selectionof effective remedial actions. These accounts, which are of highestsignificance for lasers operating at the optical stress limit dueto extremely high output power densities and most demandinglifetime requirements are very professionally prepared anddiscussed in an interesting, coherent and skilfulmanner.
The diagnostics part, consisting of three very elaboratechapters, is most unique and novel with respect to other diodelaser books. It discusses for the first time ever on a very highlevel and in a competent way studies on material integrity,impurity trapping effects, mirror and cavity temperatures, surface-and interface quality, mirror facet disorder effects, mechanicalstress and facet coating instability, and diverse laser temperatureeffects, dynamic laser degradation effects and mirror temperaturemaps. Of highest significance to design, performance andreliability are the various correlations established between laserdevice and material parameters. The most different andsophisticated experiments, carried out by the author at micrometerspatial resolutions and at temperatures as low as 2K, providehighly valuable insights into laser and material qualityparameters, and reveal for the first time the origins of high powerlimitations on an atomic scale due to local heating effects anddeep level defects. It is of great benefit, that the experimentaltechniques such as Raman spectroscopy, various luminescencetechniques, thermoreflectance and deep-level transientspectroscopy, pioneered by the author for the specific experimentson lasers, are discussed with great expertise in depth and breadth,and the numerous paper articles published by the author are nowrepresented in this book.
The book has an elaborate table of contents and index, whichare very useful, over 200 illustrative figures and tables, andextensive lists of references to all technical topics at the end ofeach of the nine chapters, which make it easy to follow from coverto cover or by jumping in at random areas of special interest.Moreover, experimental and theoretical concepts are alwaysillustrated by practical examples and data.
I can highly recommend this extremely relevant,well-structured and well-formulated book to all practisingresearchers in industrial and academic diode laser R&Denvironments and to post-graduate engineering students interestedin the actual problems of designing, manufacturing, testing,characterising and qualifying diode lasers. Due to its completenessand novel approach to combine design, reliability and diagnosticsin the same book, it can serve as an ideal reference book as well,and it deserves to be welcomed wordwide by the addressedaudience.
Dr. Chung-en Zah, Research Director, SemiconductorTechnologies Research, S&T Division, Corning Incorporate,Corning NY, USA
“Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability andDiagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single ModeDevices”. By Peter W. Epperlein
Cordinatore Prof. Lorenzo Pavesi, UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDIDI TRENTO, Dipartimento di Fisica / Laboratorio di Nanoscienze
This book represents a well thought description of threefundamental aspects of laser technology: the functioningprinciples, the reliability and the diagnostics. From this point ofview, and, as far as I know, this is a unique example of a bookwhere all these aspects are merged together resulting in awell-balanced presentation. This helps the reader to move with easebetween different concepts since they are presented in a coherentmanner and with the same terminology, symbols anddefinitions.
The book reads well. Despite the subtitle indicates that itis a practical approach, the book is also correct from a formalpoint of view and presents the necessary equations and derivationsto understand both the physical mechanisms and the practicalitiesvia a set of useful formulas. In addition, there is the moreimportant aspect of many real-life examples of how a laser isactually manufactured and which the relevant parameters thatdetermine its behaviour are. It impresses the amounts ofinformation that are given in the book: this would be more typicalof a thick handbook on semiconductor laser than of an agile book.Dr. Epperlein was able to identify the most important concepts andto present them in a clear though concise way.
I am teaching a course on Optoelectronics and I'm going toadvise students to refer to this book, because it has all thenecessary concepts and derivations for a systematic understandingof semiconductor lasers with many worked-out examples, which willhelp the student to grasp the actual problems of designing,manufacturing, testing and using semiconductor lasers. All thevarious concepts are joined to very useful figures, which, ifprovided to instructors as files, can be a useful add-on for theuse of the book as text for teaching. Concepts are always detailedwith numbers to give a feeling of their practical use.
In conclusion, I do find the book suitable for my teachingduties and will refer it to my students.
Prof. Dr. Lorenzo Pavesi, Head of the Department ofPhysics, Head of the Nanoscience Laboratory, University of Trento,Italy
31 May 2013
“Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability andDiagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single ModeDevices”. By Peter W. Epperlein
Robert W. Herrick, Ph.D., Senior Component ReliabilityEngineer, Intel Corp., Santa Clara, California, USA
Dr. Epperlein has done the semiconductor laser community agreat service, by releasing the most complete book on the market onthe practical issues of how to make reliable semiconductorlasers.
While dozens of books have been written over the past coupleof decades on semiconductor laser design, only a handful have beenwritten on semiconductor laser reliability. Prior to the release ofthis book, perhaps 40% of the material could be obtained elsewhereby combining five books: one on laser design, one on laserreliability, one on reliability calculations, and a couple of laserreview books. Another 40% could be pieced together bycollecting 50 -100 papers on the subjects of laser design, laserfabrication, characterization, and reliability. The remaining 20%have not previously been covered in any comprehensive way. Only the introductory material in the first half of the firstchapter has good coverage elsewhere. The large majority of theknowledge in this book is generally held as “tradesecret” by those with the expertise in the field, and most ofthose in the know are not free to discuss. The author was fortunateenough to work for the first half of his career in the IBM researchlabs, with access to unparalleled resources, and the ability topublish his work without trade secret restrictions. The results arestill at the cutting edge of our understanding of semiconductorlaser reliability today, and go well beyond the empirical“black box” approach many use of “try everything,and see what works.” The author did a fine job of pullingtogether material from many disparate fields.
Dr. Epperlein has particular expertise in high power singlemode semiconductor lasers, and those working on those type oflasers will be especially interested in this book, as there hasnever been a book published on the fabrication and qualification ofsuch lasers before. But those in almost any field ofsemiconductor lasers will learn items of interest about devicedesign, fabrication, reliability, and characterization. Unlike most other books, which intend to convey the scientificfindings or past work of the author, this one is written more as a“how to” manual, which should make it more accessibleand useful to development engineers and researchers in the field.It also has over 200 figures, which make it easier to follow. As with many books of this type, it is not necessary to read itfrom cover-to-cover; it is best skimmed, with deep diving into anyareas of special interest to the reader. The book isremarkable also for how comprehensive it is – even expertswill discover something new and useful.
Dr. Epperlein’s book is an essential read for anyonelooking to develop semiconductor lasers for anything other thanpure research use, and I give it my highest recommendation.
Robert W. Herrick, Ph.D., Senior Component ReliabilityEngineer, Intel Corp., Santa Clara, California, USA
* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Newton’s life and works
* New introductions, specially written for this collection, by Professor Kenneth Richard Seddon, OBE (QUILL, The Queen’s University of Belfast)
* Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Key works are fully illustrated with their original diagrams
* Features three biographies - discover Newton’s intriguing life
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and genres
Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles
PHILOSOPHIÆ NATURALIS PRINCIPIA MATHEMATICA
THE MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY (MOTTE TRANSLATION)
THE CHRONOLOGY OF ANCIENT KINGDOMS AMENDED
OBSERVATIONS ON DANIEL AND THE APOCALYPSE OF ST. JOHN
AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF TWO NOTABLE CORRUPTIONS OF SCRIPTURE
MEMOIRS OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON’S LIFE by William Stukeley
SIR ISAAC NEWTON by Sarah K. Bolton
SIR ISAAC NEWTON by Henry Martyn Taylor
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Taking the bang-whiz-thud approach, Denny first talks about internal ballistics—Bang!—from before gunpowder to the development of modern firearms. External ballistics—Whiz!—are next, with discussions about short- and long-range trajectories. Denny’s lesson ends with a Thud!—an explanation of terminal ballistics.
Throughout, Denny conveys applicable physics principles in a way that will appeal to technology buffs and ballistics enthusiasts alike. His fun and factual explanations are free of complicated equations; notes cover the key aspects of ballistics physics for the more technically inclined.
Denny has perfected this engaging balance of science and story. For study or hobby, Their Arrows Will Darken the Sun is an entertaining guide to the world of ballistics.
The third edition signifies a major revision from the second edition. The contents have been greatly expanded and organized to benefit students of all levels in design synthesis and analysis approaches.
What’s New in This Edition:
Balances synthesis and analysis with strong coverage of modern design theory
Links coverage of mechanics and materials directly to earlier courses, with expansion to advanced topics in a straightforward manner
Aids students of all levels, and includes tie-in to engineering practice through the use of case studies that highlight practical uses of machine elements
Contains questions, qualitative problems, quantitative problems, and synthesis, design, and projects to address all levels of learning taxonomies
Includes a solutions manual, book website, and classroom presentations in full color, as well as an innovative "tear sheet" manual that allows instructors to present example problems in lectures in a time-saving manner
Expands contents considerably, Topics: the importance of the heat affected zone in welding; design synthesis of spur, bevel, and worm gears; selection of multiple types of rolling element bearings (including deep groove, angular contact, toroidal, needle, and cylindrical and tapered roller) using a standard unified approach; consideration of advanced welding approaches such as brazing, friction welding and spot welding; expansion of fatigue coverage including the use of the staircase method to obtain endurance limit; and design of couplings, snap rings, wave and gas springs, and hydrostatic bearings
Provides case studies that demonstrate the real-world application of machine elements. For example, the use of rolling element bearings in windmills, powder metal gears, welds in blisks, and roller coaster brake designs are all new case studies in this edition that represent modern applications of these machine elements.
Fundamentals of Machine Elements, Third Edition can be used as a reference by practicing engineers or as a textbook for a third- or fourth-year engineering course/module. It is intended for students who have studied basic engineering sciences, including physics, engineering mechanics, and materials and manufacturing processes.
Beginning with the simplest of machines — the lever — the text proceeds to discussions of the block and tackle (pulleys and hoists), wheel and axle, the inclined plane and the wedge, the screw, and different types of gears (simple, spur, bevel, herringbone, spiral, worm, etc.). A chapter on the concept of work discusses the measurement of work, friction, and efficiency; this is followed by investigations of power, force, and pressure, with explanations of the uses of scales, balances, gauges, and barometers. The fundamentals of hydrostatic and hydraulic machines (such as the hydraulic braking system and the hydraulic press) are discussed in detail.
The remaining chapters cover machine elements (bearings and springs), basic mechanisms (gear differential, couplings, cams, clutches), the internal combustion engine and power trains (including explanations of various transmission systems — synchromesh, auxiliary, etc.).
Every concept is clearly defined, and discussions always build easily from elementary theory to specific applications familiar to anyone with the slightest interest in mechanics. Important concepts, machine components, and techniques are clearly illustrated in more than 200 diagrams, drawings, and cross-sections that reveal inner workings — all of these help to clarify even further an already clear and well-organized presentation.
Although it was originally designed for use in U.S. Naval Training Schools, this book can be used to great advantage as a basic text in mechanical engineering in standard technical schools, and it will be immensely valuable even to lay readers who desire a basic knowledge of mechanics.
Miniature camera modules (MCMs), such as webcams, have rapidly become ubiquitous in our day-to-day devices, from mobile phones to interactive TV systems. MCMs—or "smart" cameras—can zoom, adjust their frame rate automatically with illumination change, focus at different distances, compensate for hand shake, and transform captured images.
With contributions from academics and field engineers, Smart Mini-Cameras discusses the structure, operation principles, applications, and future trends of miniature mobile cameras. It compares this technology with traditional digital still cameras and explains the specific requirements of MCM components (imposed by the size or type of application) in terms of optical design, image sensor, and functionalities. The book describes the implementation of several active functionalities, including liquid crystal auto focus (AF) and optical image stabilization (OIS). It also explores how new technologies, such as the curved detector and transforming optics, are stimulating novel trends, including a miniature panoramic lens on mobile phones.
By providing you with an understanding of the components and performance tradeoffs of MCMs, this book will help you achieve the best camera design. It also answers frequently asked questions, such as the importance of the number of megapixels in a mobile phone camera and the value of AF and OIS features.
A versatile text that spans several courses in mechatronics, the book offers a strong foundation in such core subjects as dynamic system modeling, electronic components and analysis, mechanical components and analysis, robotics, sensors/transducers and instrumentation, stepper motors, dc and ac motors and drives, hydraulic and pneumatic actuators, fluidics, automatic control, digital processing and hardware, communication and interfacing, software tools, design, and prototyping. Appendices provide additional background on Laplace and Fourier transform techniques, and software tools including MATLABÒ, SIMULINKÒ, and LabVIEWÒ. The book emphasizes practical situations and applications with numerous worked examples, problems, and exercises. An entire chapter is devoted to practical case studies.
Mechatronics: An Integrated Approach seamlessly incorporates advanced theory and concepts, various considerations of practical applications including tools, instrumentation, design issues, automatic control, and industrial techniques using a reader-friendly, snapshot style that is ideal for students with a basic engineering background
The coverage of the book includes 13 topics relevant to classical mechanics, such as integration of one-dimensional equations of motion; the Hamiltonian equations of motion; and adiabatic invariants.
The book will be of great use to physics students studying classical mechanics.
This fully revised and expanded Fourth Edition of the popular bestseller reflects the current state of the art, fresh insight gleaned from the author’s ongoing composites research, and pedagogical improvements based on feedback from students, colleagues, and the author’s own course notes.
New to the Fourth Edition
New worked-out examples and homework problems are added in most chapters, bringing the grand total to 95 worked-out examples (a 19% increase) and 212 homework problems (a 12% increase) Worked-out example problems and homework problems are now integrated within the chapters, making it clear to which section each example problem and homework problem relates Answers to selected homework problems are featured in the back of the book
Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Fourth Edition provides a solid foundation upon which students can begin work in composite materials science and engineering. A complete solutions manual is included with qualifying course adoption.
Designed for upper-level undergraduates in mechanical, industrial, manufacturing, and materials engineering disciplines, this book covers complete manufacturing technology courses taught in engineering colleges and institutions worldwide. The book also addresses the needs of production and manufacturing engineers and technologists participating in related industries.
Links Historical Developments to Current Applications and Future Innovations
This book starts with a general description of light and continues with a complete exploration of polarized light, including how it is produced and its practical applications. The author incorporates basic topics, such as polarization by refraction and reflection, polarization elements, anisotropic materials, polarization formalisms (Mueller–Stokes and Jones) and associated mathematics, and polarimetry, or the science of polarization measurement.
New to the Third Edition:
A new introductory chapter
Chapters on: polarized light in nature, and form birefringence
A review of the history of polarized light, and a chapter on the interference laws of Fresnel and Arago—both completely re-written
A new appendix on conventions used in polarized light
New graphics, and black-and-white photos and color plates
Divided into four parts, this book covers the fundamental concepts and theoretical framework of polarized light. Next, it thoroughly explores the science of polarimetry, followed by discussion of polarized light applications. The author concludes by discussing how our polarized light framework is applied to physics concepts, such as accelerating charges and quantum systems.
Building on the solid foundation of the first two editions, this book reorganizes and updates existing material on fundamentals, theory, polarimetry, and applications. It adds new chapters, graphics, and color photos, as well as a new appendix on conventions used in polarized light. As a result, the author has re-established this book’s lofty status in the pantheon of literature on this important field.
Vector methods are developed in the first two chapters and are used throughout the book. Other chapters cover the fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics, the special theory of relativity, gravitational attraction and potentials, oscillatory motion, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics, central-force motion, two-particle collisions, and the wave equation.
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9. Hydraulic Turbine
10. Hydraulic Power Plant
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In 1900 the great German theoretical physicist Max Planck formulated a correct mathematical description of blackbody radiation. Today, understanding the behavior of a blackbody is of importance to many fields including thermal and infrared systems engineering, pyrometry, astronomy, meteorology, and illumination. This book gives an account of the development of Planck’s equation together with many of the other functions closely related to it. Particular attention is paid to the computational aspects employed in the evaluation of these functions together with the various aids developed to facilitate such calculations.
The book is divided into three sections.
Section I– Thermal radiation and the blackbody problem are introduced and discussed. Early developments made by experimentalists and theoreticians are examined as they strove to understand the problem of the blackbody.
Section II– The development of Planck’s equation is explained as are the all-important fractional functions of the first and second kinds which result when Planck’s equation is integrated between finite limits. A number of theoretical developments are discussed that stem directly from Planck’s law, as are the various computational matters that arise when numerical evaluation is required. Basic elements of radiometry that tie together and use many of the theoretical and computational ideas developed is also presented.
Section III– A comprehensive account of the various computational aids such as tables, nomograms, graphs, and radiation slide rules devised and used by generations of scientists and engineers when working with blackbody radiation are presented as are more recent aids utilizing computers and digital devices for real-time computations.
Scientists and engineers working in fields utilizing blackbody sources will find this book to be a valuable guide in understanding many of the computational aspects and nuances associated with Planck’s equation and its other closely related functions. With over 700 references, it provides an excellent research resource.
Although cycling is viewed by most as a fun activity, and almost everyone acquires the basic skills at a young age, few understand the laws of nature that give magic to the ride. This is a closer look at some of these fun, exhilarating, and magical aspects of cycling. In the reading, you will also understand other physical principles such as motion, force, energy, power, heat, and temperature.
Each of these developments is significant in its own right. Collectively, they require new thinking in the design of chips, optical components, and systems. Such change also signals new business opportunities and disruption.
Notwithstanding challenges, silicon photonics’ emergence is timely because it is the future of several industries. For the optical industry, the technology will allow designs to be tackled in new ways. For the chip industry, silicon photonics will become the way of scaling post-Moore’s law. New system architectures enabled by silicon photonics will improve large-scale computing and optical communications.
Silicon Photonics: Fueling the Next Information Revolutionoutlines the history and status of silicon photonics. The book discusses the trends driving the datacom and telecom industries, the main but not the only markets for silicon photonics. In particular, developments in optical transport and the data center are discussed as are the challenges. The book details the many roles silicon photonics will play, from wide area networks down to the chip level. Silicon photonics is set to change the optical components and chip industries; this book explains how.Captures the latest research assessing silicon photonics development and prospectsDemonstrates how silicon photonics addresses the challenges of managing bandwidth over distance and within systemsExplores potential applications of SiP, including servers, datacenters, and Internet of Things
The revised version takes into account the need of these students, recognising recent changes to the Merchant Navy syllabus and current pathways to a sea-going engineering career, including National diplomas, Higher National Diploma and degree courses.
Basic principles are dealt with, beginning at a fairly elemental stage, with this new edition applying the underlying principles to a shipping environment. Each chapter has fully worked examples interwoven into the text, with test examples set at the end of each chapter. Other revisions include examples reflecting modern machines and practice, current legislation and current syllabi.
After 1776, the former American colonies began to reimagine themselves as a unified, self-created community. Technologies had an important role in the resulting national narratives, and a few technologies assumed particular prominence. Among these were the axe, the mill, the canal, the railroad, and the irrigation dam. In this book David Nye explores the stories that clustered around these technologies. In doing so, he rediscovers an American story of origins, with America conceived as a second creation built in harmony with God's first creation.
While mainstream Americans constructed technological foundation stories to explain their place in the New World, however, marginalized groups told other stories of destruction and loss. Native Americans protested the loss of their forests, fishermen resisted the construction of dams, and early environmentalists feared the exhaustionof resources. A water mill could be viewed as the kernel of a new community or as a new way to exploit labor. If passengers comprehended railways as part of a larger narrative about American expansion and progress, many farmers attacked railroad land grants. To explore these contradictions, Nye devotes alternating chapters to narratives of second creation and to narratives of those who rejected it.Nye draws on popular literature, speeches, advertisements, paintings, and many other media to create a history of American foundation stories. He shows how these stories were revised periodically, as social and economic conditions changed, without ever erasing the earlier stories entirely. The image of the isolated frontier family carving a homestead out of the wilderness with an axe persists to this day, alongside later images and narratives. In the book's conclusion, Nye considers the relation between these earlier stories and such later American developments as the conservation movement, narratives of environmental recovery, and the idealization of wilderness.
What’s new in the second edition:
• Coverage of HPM systems with a detailed example called SuperSystem
• A survey of a class of high power radiators, with very different technologies and applications, that has fully emerged since the first edition
• New HPM formulary contains a handy compilation of frequently used rules of thumb and formulas
The book outlines historical trends that have led to the development of HPM and compares the capabilities of HPM to those of conventional microwaves. It divides the field into two sectors: applications driven and technology driven, and address both perspectives. Starting from the applications of HPM, the book reviews microwave fundamentals, enabling technologies, and the equipment and facilities surrounding the sources in which microwaves are generated. The authors conclude with coverage of ultrawideband technologies and the major source groups.
This new edition of Physics of Photonic Devices incorporatessignificant advancements in the field of photonics that haveoccurred since publication of the first edition (Physics ofOptoelectronic Devices). New topics covered include a brief historyof the invention of semiconductor lasers, the Lorentz dipole methodand metal plasmas, matrix optics, surface plasma waveguides,optical ring resonators, integrated electroabsorptionmodulator-lasers, and solar cells. It also introduces exciting newfields of research such as: surface plasmonics and micro-ringresonators; the theory of optical gain and absorption in quantumdots and quantum wires and their applications in semiconductorlasers; and novel microcavity and photonic crystal lasers,quantum-cascade lasers, and GaN blue-green lasers within thecontext of advanced semiconductor lasers.
Physics of Photonic Devices, Second Edition presents novelinformation that is not yet available in book form elsewhere. Manyproblem sets have been updated, the answers to which are availablein an all-new Solutions Manual for instructors. Comprehensive,timely, and practical, Physics of Photonic Devices is an invaluabletextbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses inphotonics and an indispensable tool for researchers working in thisrapidly growing field.
This book provides state-of-the-art coverage of the field oflaser materials processing, from fundamentals to applications tothe latest research topics. The content is divided into threesuccinct parts:
Principles of laser engineering-an introduction to the basicconcepts and characteristics of lasers, design of their components,and beam delivery
Engineering background&-a review of engineering conceptsneeded to analyze different processes: thermal analysis and fluidflow; solidification of molten metal; and residual stresses thatevolve during processes
Laser materials processing-a rigorous and detailed treatment oflaser materials processing and its principle applications,including laser cutting and drilling, welding, surfacemodification, laser forming, and rapid prototyping
Each chapter includes an outline, summary, and example sets tohelp readers reinforce their understanding of the material. Thisbook is designed to prepare graduate students who will be enteringindustry; researchers interested in initiating a research program;and practicing engineers who need to stay abreast of the latestdevelopments in this rapidly evolving field.
• explains practical calculation methods for designing optical systems with fully worked-out examples and avoiding complex mathematical methods
• includes practical calculations for ray tracing, laser beam (Gaussian beam) focusing, and diffraction calculations; the ray tracing and the diffraction calculations are done by using the VBA program which Excel provides as a supporting tool
• describes basic optical theory and application methods, and provides readers with calculation methods for designing laser optical systems with numerous practical calculation examples. After finishing the book, even inexperienced readers should have the ability to design laser optical systems
• covers large areas of geometrical optics and diffraction theory, providing a good overview and reference for beginners or non-specialist engineers
• accompanied by a website including password protected electronic files
The Second Edition covers:
Technologies such as piezoelectric devices
Applications of laser scanning such as Ladar (laser radar)
Underwater scanning and laser scanning in CTP
As laser costs come down, and power and availability increase, the potential applications for laser scanning continue to increase. Bringing together the knowledge and experience of 26 authors from England, Japan and the United States, the book provides an excellent resource for understanding the principles of laser scanning. It illustrates the significance of scanning in society today and would help the user get started in developing system concepts using scanning. It can be used as an introduction to the field and as a reference for persons involved in any aspect of optical and laser beam scanning.
This book presents a new concept for pathogen inactivation called selective photonic disinfection (SEPHODIS). The SEPHODIS technology inactivates pathogens by mechanical means, a total paradigm shift from traditional chemical and physical methods. The unique strength of SEPHODIS resides in its capability to inactivate pathogens while preserving desirable materials such as human cells and proteins. The technology also avoids the need to use chemicals, drastically reducing the risk of side effects. These properties make SEPHODIS ideal for important biomedical applications such as safeguarding blood products and therapeutics against pathogens, as well as producing effective and safe vaccines to combat infectious disease.
Written in a style that is both technically informative and easy to comprehend for the layman reader, this book illustrates the story of SEPHODIS from its initial discovery and bench studies to its real-world applications.
The work should also be considered as a major reference and as a review of the literature, since it includes tables of parameterizatlons, procedures, filed experiments, useful constants, and graphs of various phenomena under a variety of conditions. It is assumed that the work will be used at the beginning graduate level for students with an undergraduate background in meteorology, but the author envisions, and has catered for, a heterogeneity in the background and experience of his readers.
About the Authors
John T. DeWolf, Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Connecticut,
joined the Beer and Johnston team as an author on the second
edition of Mechanics of Materials. John holds a B.S. degree in civil engineering
from the University of Hawaii and M.E. and Ph.D. degrees in
structural engineering from Cornell University. He is a Fellow of the American
Society of Civil Engineers and a member of the Connecticut Academy
of Science and Engineering. He is a registered Professional Engineer and
a member of the Connecticut Board of Professional Engineers. He was
selected as a University of Connecticut Teaching Fellow in 2006. Professional
interests include elastic stability, bridge monitoring, and structural
analysis and design.
David F. Mazurek, Professor of Civil Engineering at the United States
Coast Guard Academy, joined the Beer and Johnston team as an author
on the fifth edition. David holds a B.S. degree in ocean engineering and
an M.S. degree in civil engineering from the Florida Institute of Technology,
and a Ph.D. degree in civil engineering from the University of Connecticut.
He is a registered Professional Engineer. He has served on the
American Railway Engineering & Maintenance of Way Association’s Committee
15—Steel Structures since 1991. He is a Fellow of the American
Society of Civil Engineers, and was elected into the Connecticut Academy
of Science and Engineering in 2013. Professional interests include bridge
engineering, structural forensics, and blast-resistant design.
Structural Mechanics of Buried Pipes minimizes complicated theories, breaks through the imprecisions in the properties of soil, and presents principles that simplify analysis and lead to designs of higher performance and safety.
With knowledge built on experience, experimentation, and sound principles, the authors guide readers through the design and analysis processes. They use examples based on actual buried structures and analyze a variety of pipe-soil interaction problems.
Sound principles, plentiful examples, and a straightforward presentation provide an outstanding framework for hands-on application and an ideal self-study guide.
Since most chemical processing applications are conducted either partially or totally in the fluid phase, chemical engineers need mastery of fluid mechanics. Such knowledge is especially valuable in the biochemical, chemical, energy, fermentation, materials, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, polymer, and waste-processing industries.
Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers: with Microfluidics, CFD, and COMSOL Multiphysics 5, Third Edition, systematically introduces fluid mechanics from the perspective of the chemical engineer who must understand actual physical behavior and solve real-world problems. Building on the book that earned Choice Magazine’s Outstanding Academic Title award, this edition also gives a comprehensive introduction to the popular COMSOL Multiphysics 5 software.
This third edition contains extensive coverage of both microfluidics and computational fluid dynamics, systematically demonstrating CFD through detailed examples using COMSOL Multiphysics 5 and ANSYS Fluent. The chapter on turbulence now presents valuable CFD techniques to investigate practical situations such as turbulent mixing and recirculating flows.
Part I offers a clear, succinct, easy-to-follow introduction to macroscopic fluid mechanics, including physical properties; hydrostatics; basic rate laws; and fundamental principles of flow through equipment. Part II turns to microscopic fluid mechanics:Differential equations of fluid mechanics Viscous-flow problems, some including polymer processing Laplace’s equation; irrotational and porous-media flows Nearly unidirectional flows, from boundary layers to lubrication, calendering, and thin-film applications Turbulent flows, showing how the k-ε method extends conventional mixing-length theory Bubble motion, two-phase flow, and fluidization Non-Newtonian fluids, including inelastic and viscoelastic fluids Microfluidics and electrokinetic flow effects, including electroosmosis, electrophoresis, streaming potentials, and electroosmotic switching Computational fluid mechanics with ANSYS Fluent and COMSOL Multiphysics
Nearly 100 completely worked practical examples include 12 new COMSOL 5 examples: boundary layer flow, non-Newtonian flow, jet flow, die flow, lubrication, momentum diffusion, turbulent flow, and others. More than 300 end-of-chapter problems of varying complexity are presented, including several from University of Cambridge exams. The author covers all material needed for the fluid mechanics portion of the professional engineer’s exam.
The author’s website (fmche.engin.umich.edu) provides additional notes, problem-solving tips, and errata.
Register your product at informit.com/register for convenient access to downloads, updates, and corrections as they become available.
dynamic analysis of machines; introduction to vibratory behavior; rotor and piston balanced; critical speed for shafts; gears and train gears; synthesis for planar mechanisms; and kinematic and dynamic analysis for robots. The chapters in relation to kinematics and dynamics for planar mechanisms can be studied with the help of WinMecc software, which allows the reader to study in an easy and intuitive way, but exhaustive at the same time. This computer program analyzes planar mechanisms of one-degree of freedom and whatever number of links. The program allows users to build a complex mechanism. They can modify any input data in real time changing values in a numeric way or using the computer mouse to manipulate links and vectors while mechanism is moving and showing the results. This powerful tool does not only show the results in a numeric way by means of tables and diagrams but also in a visual way with scalable vectors and curves.
The book contains both experimental and theoretical studies, and each contribution is a self-contained exposition of a particular topic, featuring an extensive reference list. The book will be a useful resource for graduate and postgraduate students, researchers and engineers involved in optoelectronics/photonics, quantum electronics, optics, and adjacent areas of science and technology.
Clever and accessible, Generation Robot isn’t just for the serious, scientific reader—it’s for everyone interested in robotics and technology since their science-fiction origins. By looking back at the future she once imagined, analyzing the plugged-in present, and speculating on what is on the horizon, Terri Favro allows readers the chance to consider what was, what is, and what could be. This is a captivating book that looks at the pop-culture of our society to explain how the world works—now and tomorrow.