Smart cards (SC) -- credit-card-like devices that use integrated circuit chips to store and process data -- offer a range of potential uses for the federal government, particularly in increasing security for its many physical and information assets. This report reviews the use of SC across the federal government (including identifying potential challenges), as well as the effectiveness of the GSA in promoting government adoption of SC technologies. Recommends, among other things, that GSA establish guidelines for federal building security that address SC technology; that the OMB establish a policy on adoption of SC for physical and logical security; and that NIST continue to improve and update the government SC interoperability specification.
In accordance with the President's management agenda, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has sponsored initiatives to promote expansion of electronic gov't. -- the use of information technology, particularly Web-based Internet applications, to enhance gov't. services. Each initiative demands a high degree of collaboration among organizations. For four of these initiatives, the GAO was asked to determine, among other things, their implementation progress and the extent of collaboration among agencies and other parties involved. GAO determined that all four of the e-government initiatives that it reviewed have made progress in meeting the objectives and milestones of their early phase. Charts and tables.
Government agencies are increasingly moving to an operational environment in which electronic -- rather than paper -- records provide comprehensive documentation of their activities and business processes. Overall responsibility for the government's electronic records lies with the Nat. Archives and Records Admin. (NARA). This report reviews electronic records mgmt. and preservation activities at NARA, with the objectives to: determine the status of NARA's efforts to respond to governmentwide electronic records mgmt. problems and the adequacy of its planned actions; and assesses NARA's efforts to acquire an archival system for electronic records. Identifies alternative technologies for the long-term preservation of electronic records. Tables.